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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
. I II SIB
S. g. lACXJOsT
PUBLISHED BY JOURNAL ' PUBLISHING CO.
no, r. oauoxx
.Published every evening (except Sunday) and every Sunday morning, at The Journal Building, FlfcJ and Yan
... ..... . . . -. . -. - - bill streets, Portland, Oregon. " t ' V ..',-v.' '
A SECOID OF WHICH TO BE PROUD.
t IS interesting and instructive, particularly at a time
when other Portland newspapers are industriously
concealing their i. circulation, ; to print a concise
i ' - statement covering a period of two - year : showing
' ( month' by month precisely the number of copies whjcE
The Journal circulated. It indicates dearly.the remark-
: V - able way in hich.;thi. pewpaper hi grown . into . the
nfidcnceand .esteem of the reading public'-? Believing
""vTthit the pride and satisfaction which The Journal itself
1 naturally feehr will bewared by many if njt all its read
ers, we herewith give the iigures which speak louder
toan,wprdj Jadcjaoaaftt ting, lb at jhc, people's ipoaulat
: 1 paper is still keeping in the van,''. 'J''
; .' ' The average record, month by month, for 1904, is
follows; ' January, 11.907; February, 13,749; March, 14,
I 522;, April., 14,822; May, ;1S,184; June, 15.354; July, 13,
a 801; August, 15150; September, 15595; October 16&6;
n- t monthly record for 1905 was: January, 18,542; Feb
' nary, 19.527; March 20.054; "April.' 20725;" May721781;
1 J June, 23.003; July, 22,949; August, 2275; September,
r-XXZ3i October, 23,177; " November; 23,359;" December,
-r;24,Cr3."The month of January hajntoar tod'the
' same steady and sure increase .' sv '. ;.. ;","''',
"r I will be observed. whjlg Atxcitlation increased trver
nny previous figures during-the progress of the fair,
: Utbat growth, remarkable to , relate, ras noCoaly main
tained after the fair doted but has since 'speedily, in
. creaaed, month after month, and shows no signs of Jet
ttotf tip. The Journal Is naturally prood uf thit Uibule
I 'of public confidence which a constantly increasing cir
. Bulation demonstrates, .'' , .:.'' A ...1," '-'
i i : .THffi GX2ENE-0AYN0R CAEX .
T LAST-"after, six years cL enjoyment of their
stolen money in Canada, ana atter a ceicoraica
contest between the American and the Canadian
authorities, Caynor. and Greene are likely to be .tried in
4a Georgia-federal court' In conjunction with Captain
" Oberiin M, Carter, in charge of government improve
: s ment 'in Savannah- harbor, they plundered the govern
ment of an amount reported at the time to.be about
. ; tlJSOJXQ- Carter was tried, convicted, and served a
' term of Imprisonment in Fort Leavenworth, but is sup
' posed yet to have a considerable proportion, of his
plunder. He made a persistent and audacious bluff
based on the theory that he was a victim of persecution
t by supervisors, and posed as an American Dreyfus, but
' ,' no tangible support of this contention ever came to light
.., f- - Greene and Gaynor, were New York contractors, with
' whose nefarious operations some politicians of that state
f are supposed to have had guilty knowledge if they; cjid
, not actually share the financial spoils. The crime jwas.
particularly heinous, for it was one against the whole
people of th country, and savored of treason. Spain,
' Russia and-other nations have sufferedjrast. losses Jn
men and money" and great , reverses in nr; largely on
, . account of similar species of grafting on the partrof of-'
ficers and contractors entrusted with the building -of bar-
tlethips and the defenses of harbors.- The crirmveonsri
' '"' tutes one of the basest betrayals of the people of a coun
; try that can be imagined. . '. ' ; '' -'r-k
Wi"- It i not yet ertainlhaQkeene.' and Gaynof-ean-te
TTTeonvTcted,. or even 'tried, for their attorneys are of
; course resorting to every imaginable legal technicality to
prevent a trial, but Judge Emory Speer is believed to be
, a man who will not allow finespun legal sophistries to
"j; long interfere with the course of Justice. .'.
. 't. .The United States has spe.nt a- very large amount of
-t money in convicting Carter and securing the" extradition
. ( of Greene and Gaynor, but it has been money well spent,
' ' for their conviction and punishment will be a warning to
'other-officers and contractors who are tempted to com-
mit like crimes. ; The defendants are audacious if not
-Insolent, after the manner of their "Hk,"which should not
'bespeak leniency for them in case of conviction. Their
. punishment will be fortunate for the country, but even
' better still would, be the -exposure and punishment of
. men then if not still high' in office and authority who
C were backers and abettors of these" discovered thieves. -
olics and unlawful practices a few Standard Oil magnates
have absorbed and amassed hundreds of millions, the
head of the concefh. J. D. Rockefeller being popularly
credited with beinar worth over . a billion dollars and
havinar an income of soma 140.000.000 a year, - Most of
this .money is purely plunder, taken from the people by
charging unconscionable prices ox-prlme necessity , of
modern life and business. . -..,.
These things are matters of universal knowledge, Cut.
the Question is: ' Can thev be shown as a matter of legal
proof in the courts, and can-suitable -punishment-bt-ins
flicted upon the criminals? To prevent such knowledge
from being ascertained H. H. Rogers declines to answer
any questions as to the combination of oil-companies in
various states and thelr real wnershijrand; manage
ment by the main company and the same set pf men,
Witlf'Coor Impudence if "not .offensive-- insolence Mr.
Rogers declines to answer." It woald seanv that the
facts desired to be ascertained r could be sufficiently
proven otherwise, but whether so or not the immediate
question is whether Mr- Rogers can be compelled p
answer or be punished for his refusal to answer, and
max oyster encaper or snore numsrous
m tns dish. .
y . , ; . -
TlUt aiito Dofiflnaa-TSVolutJon
to have- ellmbad lnt the water-waxan.
formally called upon to decide.
We think the time will come 'when, perhaps by pro
cesses more radical than are- desirable or than will be
pleasant such men as Mr. . Rogers , will be compelled to
answer in such a case, or will be adequately punished.
and when the tentacles of such an octopus as the Stand
ard Oil will be clippedand that perhaps rudely.
F PRESIDENT -LOUBET livea to hand over his
office on February 18 . to his successor, who will
.be chosen a month prior to that date by the senate
and chamber of deputiea. he will have made a new record
in the history of the' French republic Jules Grevy fin-J
ished a full seven-year term, but unlike Loubet was
candidate for re-election, and ' though he succeeded he
was soon after forced out of office in consequence of the
Panama scandal. The French president unlike the
American chief executive, it not elected by the people
for our -electoral college is only, a piece of formal ma
chinery -but by the assembly,-consisting of 300 senator!
and 384 deputiea, and if a majority of these do not sup
port him he finds his ' position untenable. So Thiers,
McMahon and Casimir-Perier resigned more or less vol
untarily before the expiration of their terms, Sadi-Car-
not was assassinated and Faure died mysteriously while
in-office." The French president is legally entitled to the
office, as soon as elected, but by courtesy and custom
does not enter upon his duties for a month. The sen
ators of 'France hold office for nine years, one third
being elected every three years, and the present! deputies
were elected nearly four years ago, so that the assembly
as' a whole need not respond to. any sudden change. of
popular sentiment, The president cannot dissolve the
assembly, except upon the consent of the cabinet and a
majority of the senate,- and if be had desired it this con
sentcould not have , been obtained. The system seems
to work tolerably welL -arid under President Loubet'a
administration the French government hat attained a
greater degree of stability than ever before under the
republic. While not ; a brilliant or great man, Loubet
will retire with much to hit credit and honors .Ilia policy
vrft regard toA the disestablishment of the Parochial
: t i a ... , !.: f ....
scROOis nas occu ana wni oe scTcrcij criuciicu, pui in
tbis'.aa Jn other ,mattera ho retained the support of -a
Urge majority of the national legislature.
DECLIN2 IN HOUSE "RETHL-.
PARTISANSHIP MADE XT POSSIBLE.
I HE GREATEST CURSE of this country has
't been its Partisan politics. ? Through it the peo-
. v'r)le have been robbed of untold millions. No
uAJnjguitonsAndCQbbjct-X8tern n the tariff .could
"tbave been maintained a year in this country but for
the cunning device insidiously inculcated that' it was
' sacred principle of the Republican party.. .Then it
became elevated into' a fetish." Partisans sought no
; : further. - It was a fundamenUl system of the party,
5 ! hence it was absolutely right and all mental operationa
': ceased in the contemplation of it--f ? ''';'.r::;v-','fl
.'. ; Thus - buttressed the . trusts . and combinations have
' waxed fat and arrogant ' With the tariff wall .to keep
t out competition they combined ; to , rob the people of
their j own country. They sold abroad much cheaper
. than they sold "at home. ' In every direction it is the
domestic consumer who is robbed. And it has all been
y v inade possible by 'blind partisanship, "y , .'.Tt ,"' " ' '
It is doubtless true that a majority of the people now
favor tariff reform. Can they get it? There .are no
signs of it : The president himself is obliged to make
. . , terms with the czar of thfl. house. Speaker Cannon. Mf
. ' he wants a railroad rate bill through, he must let the
. tariff alone. Nothing more unblushing has transpired
since : the insurance revelations. One of these days
V ; there wilLbe an uprising and the tariff will be handled
with a1 meat-axT But in the - meantime think of the
milliona of loot that have passed from the pockets of
the! trusting American people into the pockets of the
,; captains ' of industry and, the : apostles and, princes . of
; ; frenzied finance. ; 1.-! '
;';.!EBnLE WITH STANDARD dtL.UY'ij
HE BATTLE ROYAL that has begun against
the Standard Oil company is based on the prop
osition that it is' an unlawful monopoly in re
straint of trade, is such a. combination or conspiracy
'to control the production and price of. a certain com
modity as is prohibited by the federal statutes ind by
" " tnanv state laws, among them a stringent Missouri law.
That the Standard Oil is or tries to be such a monopoly?
i , that it operates m violation of the spirit and probably
, the letter of these laws, everybody knows; as it is also
matter of general knowledge that, by these monop-
HE .REPORT In yesterday's Journal regarding
the decrease in houserent on the east side of tne
river is a rood rather than a bad sign. It does
not mean a decrease in property values, which are in-
e f a It - t
creasing steaduy m aesiraDie resiaence as wcu as j
business districts,, though not so 'rapidly or markedly,
but it shows that a great amount of home building has
been going on, especially across the river, and tnat
houses have increased even faster , .than population.
Portland has a large area, about 40 square milea, and a
good deal of contiguous territory, suitable, for homes of
moderate cost, and can accommodate the population of
a city of many hundreds f thousands of people. An
increasing proportion of "peofle, during recent ' years,
when prosperity hai generally prevailed, is becoming
home owners, and as rents of good bouses have risen
this movement hat grown in volume, to that especially
on' the east tide and out in the-suburbs, Portland is be
coming more and more a city of homes. . A great many
people must still rent houses, but residence building has
gone on so rapidly, that rents mast come down or -stay
down to moderate figures. This Is best too, for the
greatest number,, for while bouse owners are entitled to
a fair income on their investments, those who must rent
OTUa11yeiffg-peopTe-of moderate Incomes, cannot afford
to pay an undue proportion of their incomes for rent
Under normal conditions the relations . between land
lord and tenant as to rent will adjust themselves about
right, and a slightly downward tendency in house rents
is not a bad aign.v "V ' ';' : w ;
, SENATOR DEPEW CONFESSION.; 1
ENATOR DEPEW, before stsrting for Washing
ton, said:. "-"Why should I resign? I intend
now to do "my real work In the senate. On
April 23 I.sfiaU reach xnyfZd birthday. By that time I
expect that I shall have resigned from jM the companies
in which I am director. In all I am a director in 79
companies. Attending, to. my .manifold business duties
all these years bat kept me very busy. I -realize 'that
the office of senator from the great Empire- state is an
honorable one, deserving the best that is in a man. I
intend to discharge ' the duties of the position to the
best of my ability. As soon, as I resign from all the
companies with which I am connected I will be able to
begin my real work in the senate, as I expect towork
harder then ever before." -- . v" .". v :
- . Well, a good resolution is better made late than never,
but -why should a Senator from the great empire state
wait for seven years, from 66 to 73, to begin his "real
work" in the senate? His remarks, smacking Strongly of
senility; amount to a confession that ajl this time he has
been serving these 79 corporations as against the rest of
the people, and furnish proof from bit own mouth that
he ought to havf resigned long ago. ., : -.. "
The State Development, league hat taken on new life
and vigor. There is more interest being manifested in it
than ever before. ,It hat ahead of it a gre'st work to per
form.- If through ornnization all paru of the state tan
be brought into accord on matters that affect the general
Well being the good that- will be done cannot be mcat-
ured in mere dollars. It it this work that the league has
undertaken 1 and in its prosecution it should receive the
hearty support of all the people of the state. "' -
C;:ond Izniion-Do'llar' Baby.
from i Run rranrtaco-Plspateh. .
Another mllllon-dolUr baby wm bom
"' inomlnff. The little on la th
r X IZr. tad Mrs. CharUa .W.
Clark, whe are now at Ban Matao. ' Aa
aoon aa the birth of tha child was an
nounced Senator W. A. Clark of af en
tana, hr arand fatbar. followed. It with
a aeeond announcement that he would
settle tl.ose.too upon her. Several years
at Senator Clark gave l.00,00t to
his first grandchild. , Since then his son
Charles . married Miss fells' Tobln bf
this cltr, and the daughter bern today
U tnelr first ehjlft
Only Kt days saore to keep those reso-
lutlona, ! . . - -
Bome symptoms of future mud throwing
The plaintiff and' defendant Ja a dlveree
suit are usually verv wide apart la their
eetlmate of the amount of the defendant's
property and lnoome. , - .
Try not te nav to navs to be aorrr
All h railroads are paper raUroada at
um. ... - -,
:; e. '
Some neODle would not be. eoataatadl
where It would e hearen for ethers.
Seems as If It was about time to bear
something .or, Fat Crowe sfaia
.. . ' j e - " i .' .-.
That Ruaslaa douma wlU nave Bleatv of
wewoiev. - .... . !...-.',,- . .-.....;
. i . e ,ve i. '"'
J.' J. Hill Is tme rich saaa to whom
reaaonable , people don't becrudae . hla
wealth. --- ;. V; ' .;
Is Standard Oil bixxes than TJaole Bemf
Senator Depew, Tt years Old. aays he Is
coins to real bis dlreetorshls In 71
corporations and Just be sin bis : real
work la the senate, where he has served a
little, occasionally.' for seven years.- tie
la mm old JoKer, suu. ; v , - : ;.
There ar 10.00 snore soon than women
In Iowa, which Is why the "Iowa Ideas"
don't sueoeed. . ''
eoasumers are much
AirmMty b the tobaoeo war. . ' -
The water-was on beoomee less crowded
dally. -. v . '-.'.;. .-
- I .' " " - --. "
Mr. Kclllher doubtless sot what was
properly oomtnf to him, but some ethers
have not.. ,-. ' v." ' ..r.: . .v.-r
There are always enough oars when
they are not noeded. .',, - :
...e.. e. '.
If lAwsoa Is put on the wltneee-atand.
will anybody else over tret ebanoa to
tell what he knows, or doesn't know t
i ' : e y e ,s -. .- , , . a.
One of an east side preaebra themes
Is "What 'and Where la HeUr' , Soma
people know too well already. .
...... r -. ; -e e v . . .- -
Moat srlrls are anxious to make Aaaee
for themselves by marrying.
Jt has been U long M Cays for some.
. - - e - e ... - -
Tea, , eommerdal , erxantaatlena I must
keep busy.. - ' L1J .. '1-
The valuable abUlty to
ethers, can bo sulttvated.
v ...... '
Raaala durins the war sent UM.00S
o (Doers and soldiers bite Manchuria, but
a far, lees number. wUl return. . , .
, OREGON SIDELIGHTS Ar
- eVawaauasawaaaasBSBB '
Tagltsl Clf eV 111 ' Wl'wsl ePfser''Jefs-flPssw
"Powder" eonalders the "North." . . -
A Gillian county wheat reach of l,Tf
acres sod'for 111 an acre..
: . S ,-e -,:.- -V..f.-;.K V
Settlement and cultivation ef the en-
tire tract of over 100,000 aeree of vacant
land in the .Chrlatmai Lake valley Is
looked tor this year.- During the past
season over 10 settlers have taken up
land In that region.. -.- . v- ..", ',
HeMtner. lone.' Lezln rton and Triisoa
each claims to be "the best town In Mor
row county" and proves It f.
Several lioh Athens, farmers wintering
In southern California, sent generous
supplies ef navel oranges to neighbors
aad frisnda, ?-- - - -7; r .-. t
BuensThrta building us fast, says an
Oregon City Courier correspondent.
." - o, ....
A Toledo man has over 1,0 0, 000 "feet
of lose la his boom, for a starter,
-. . . ' t ,-e - e ..i--;..-.,
The Sclo If ewe publlsbee as mtereet-
ins and aulte elaborate staternent of the
rosouroceof "the TforkS"Of -tlie-smtttsam'
region, ef which Sclo is the prosperous
metropolis.- ..--.V : ,' ''
Twenty-four men and 4t dogs reoontly
hunted all dsy on Long Tom for m boar,
but not even bis tracks were seeurea.
easidVa new mayor Is Mr. Vtoslld.
If he had m "t" in his name he might
keep the lid t rosen, down mere effeotu-
tut innmw nnmbar ot North Tarn.
hill young people went huckleberry pick
ing and it was unaerstooa among mem
that the first one of them to be married
was to give a dinner ot the berries
picked and put up that day. Aa Mrs.
Carl Trulllnger was the first of the
party to be married she gave the prom
ised dinner last sunaay 10 s cum dot of
her friends. , -. , -; . . ,
Sawmills of Coos county are doing aa
Immense- business. One s output last
year amounted to tzi.oos. , ,
. ', , ; ,. e . e ..... 3 -..v 1
Marshfleld's city tax Is enfy I mnia.
Out of X voters registered In Coos
county January ft, 10 were Socialists,
one a Prohibitionist and one s ltepus-
llCaS. ; - - ' V i-j--iW-r
rnrtv water tanks go to "tM" spHng
st Powell Buttes for water. repreeentin
40 families.' Two years ago one oouit
bare counted the families in that vl
clnlty on the fingers of one hand.
-. . . r; , -. . e-e . '-.,
More houses are needed In Baadon.
- - e - e ., . -f
- Now Tillamook expects two railroads
Instead ef none.-.- . .- y . . -r.
-The new' town f Austin, terminus
Of the Sumpter vaiiey railway, ta
lag exceptionally fin prosreea.
4- --: e -e
Oold HM will have i raore street
lights. ; :.v W
Baadon expects to havS 1.001 Inhah
itants by the end or tne year. .
A Wheeler county man found a meteor
weighing It pounds in his onion patch,
the second one discovered In that vl-
olatty, reoenuy. ,, . . , . , , . l
DSRIDS3 SAGE AND
From the New Tork American.
. "Russell Sage and Wetty Oreea are
vlotlma of mania, a form that comes
from money-getting. They hays 00 cen
tered their mlnde on a single thought
that they hare lost their mental equi
librium." said the Bsv. Dr. Charles H.
Parkhurst yesterday. -:
Dr. Psrkhuret's comment' was In
cluded la an observation to a reporter
for the American, upon the remarks of
the Rev. Dr. Em 11 O. Hlrscb, in Chi
cago, and President Jsoob Gould Bchur
man of Cornell university, .concerning
money-setting and the alleged associa
tion of money with religion. Dr. Hlrscb
Is quoted as saylngi
. 'The latest announcement of modern
philosophy 1st, Tou may do what you
want to. but don't get caught at it.' " .
The .reported. ntUrannea Of Preatdsnt
Schurmaa were even more radical. He
Bald, among other thlnga: fv ,
.-"It im eeneratlon-whloh' has SO fear
of 0o4 before Us yaa;-U-4eara. no. hell;
It fears nothing but the ortmmal court.
the penitentiary and the scaffold. The
universal passion Jtor money has . filled
Itself with the ambition of Amerioaa
youth to succeed in the world. Religion
too often has been tempted to purchase
the sifts ot the Holy Ghost with money.
To r get there and not get caught Is Its
(this - generation's) golden ruie.
"The situation is of Interest," said
Dr.- Parkhurat "From the Ideas of
prosperity, - from :r the -Interpretation' of
the financial atmosphere which young
neople get nowadays, -they lose- the
power of appreciating values other thai
financial values. ;. Power to appreciate
the principles ' of " eclentlf 1c and moral
truth, or the excellence of artistic
beauty, -power -te recognise. the - value
of Christian and religious reality ail
become - abortive." ,-- -. . j - .--r '
Dr. Parkhurat then made his observa
tion on tha form of mania which, he
said, possessed Russell Sage and -Betty
Green. Be continued: '.
"The eneraies of their minds become
so monopolised by the pursuit or gain
and hoarding It that they have no sur
plus energies to exercise In other direc
tions. The gojd erase Is unlike ether
forms of mania, In that It Is contagious.
Formerly there were not so many men
who stood merely as money-makers;
now there are hosts of tbem.
"As - to President Bchusman's asser
tion that men fear no. hell. It Is un
doubtedly true there Is not the con
sideration-of - future ptyilsbment there
ence was. There are two pertinent fasts
bearing on thlo point: First, the pulpit
is-wickedly or, cowardly negligent in
presenting that aspect ef scriptural
truth. 'As man sowetn, so snau as
also reap.' -.
Secondly, there has grown up tnat
disregard for positive authority, whether
human or divine, that has lessened men's
fear of scriptural and human lawa; that
Is, the more distinctly a man recognises
the authority or law the more fear, he
will have la tranagresalna'." , -v v - v
-I aaree with Dr Hlrsoh." said the
Rev. Dr. H. P. Mendes pastor of. the
Co nsre rational Sheanth Israel. "In that
man's elemental passions, ambitions mna
appetttss are much the same as theyT
Were thouaand years ago, but with this
qualification men have learned to curb
them. This ta because of a, power we
call religion working !n their souls. Dr.
Htrech probably meant V modern phil
osophy, and not the modem phllosophK
la his utterance, do wnat you want.
but don't get caught at H.-- s .
"President Schurmaa is right ra eon-
demnlng the universal passion for mon
ey. But he Is absolutely -wrong In say
ing It la a generation. whlon has no tear
of Qod. feais sip hell, fee re nothing but
the criminal court, the penitentiary and
the scaffold.' For every ten thieves In
high places, .for every ten who betray
trusts, how many hundreds and thou
sands are there, who are. faithful to
every trust? '.',. :" -- "
The love ef money, the love or graft.
la m cancer wblch la attacking the body
politic but tt has not fastened Its hold
on the whole nation? A determined ef
fort to annihilate those politicians who
serve- -themselves at - the exponas of
their country, to punish those compara
tively few men In the high walks of
society whe have betrayed trusts, wilt
do much toward eradicating the can
cer." .;,.'.-..'''; v.-' . V -.-, .:'
The Rev. Dr.' Joseph Silverman, pas
tor of the Temple Emanu-El, said:-
' "On the whole I do not agree with
the pessimism of either Dr. Hlrscb or
President Schannan on tha general am
bition of the people to become wealthy
for wealth's sake. Of course people -do
not fear hell because there la none. It
Is an old. exploded theological doctrine.
The very outcry against the monstrous
abuse of power whloh a few wealthy
men have acquired In Itself Is an Indi
cation of. the spiritual soundness of the
The Rev. Dr. Thomas R. Slices ef All
Souls' Unitarian church was more tem
perate 1 in his views than the ethers. Bs
said: .1 . ; -,. -. u-. . ... -ca--
"The materialistic tendencies revert
ed to by President Schannan and Dr.
Hlrscb. undoubtedly prevail, but It must
be remembered : that those whe have
grown rich very rapidly and are uaing
their wealth aa an Instrument of power
are more speedily observed . than - the
multitude of simple and honest people
who, go about their business snd hays
an abiding confidence la essential mort
ality and know the work of the world
Is done by Way's work.'" - -
4. Kaiser Hiss . Farrar'a Friend. '
From the New Tork Sun. V . '
. Miss GeraldlnS) Farrar, the American
singer, appeared last night for the first
time In s Wagnerian role, singing the
part ot Elisabeth In Taanhauser" at
'the opera house lq, Berlin. She achieved
a conspicuous success, being recalled 11
times. The emperor and empress were
present. ' , . .
Mies Farrar appeared In the character
at the special deelre of the emperor. .
Miss Farrar has scored previous suc
cesses In Berlin In lighter . operatic
roles, and her name was also brought
into prominence two years ago through
stories of the attentions paid to tier by
the -German-crown prince, who- has
since married. It waa said at the Urn
that the young man's devotion became
so marked . that the katser Interfered.
Then a Oermaa newspaper printed a
story of the affair, aad av libel suit was
started by the singer's father, Sydney
Farrar, a former professional ' baseball
player. Miaa Farrar is now about 11
and has been abroad since lift. ..- -
y': Tha Rear: Cfaf.cr "7
W. T. Stead In the" World Today. -I
have been assured that the emperor
waa a very stupid. Ignorant and even
half-witted man, ' who reads nothing,
knows ndthlng snd spends hie life In
terror. I have been told that -he was s
nervous w reels, that his hair had turned
gray and that hla face was haggard
with wrinkles plowed by care. He has
been represented 'as raise, treacherous,
eunnlns. and heaven knowa what. So
the old hag. Rumor, spins her spider
web ot calumny round the person of the
4 emperor until the aaar, to many ef hi
wo b;tert- ar: Ttr. IT CTrrsMc m oilfr-hae
completely d!r-peered and been re
placed by s kind -ot mythical monetef
who is unly- ravel froA being - hob'
goblin by the consciousness that he is
Impotent to harm. . The people who say
these things and the atlll greater num
ber who believe tbem will be somewhat
rudely surprised when the douma re
Jesses Nicholas II from his prison bousr
and restores him to his proper place
aa the esar-tribune ef m loyal and self,
governing people. ' : -
. There is not a word of truth ta the
popular lerend as to the physical weak
ness or nervous prostration of the em
peror. It was six years since I had sees
him. And such six years! But when he
greeted me at Peterhof only a few
weeks slnoe, he I'd not seem to have
aged a day sines I bade him good-bye at
Tsarakoe-Selo on the eve of The Hague
conference In 119s. Bis step was as
light, his carriage as ereot his expres
sion as alert. Bio brow bore no lines
of haggard car t could not see a gray
hair on hla head. ' His spirits were as
high, his courage as calm, aad his out
look as cheerful aa ever. The last time
t-mwr seen htm was w thwwvw-of-ths
greatest victory of Ms reign. ' X was
now meeting Mm un tha morrow ot his
woreU reverse. But. tne man was ex
actly the samer: He might simply have
returned Instantly from the door that
had closed alx years before to repeat
his adieu, nf : !v--v- . " ---,. .,
PRINCIPLES AND PARTY!
H. R. Klncald In the Kugena Journal,
"Recently the editor of this paper re
ceived a letter from a personal friend
asking iits-optnion of the direct primary
law. This friend, ss well ss the writer
of this editorial, supported Byran for
president against - Mcltrnley on the
ground that Bryan was s better repre
sentative of republican principles . than
MoKlnley, who represented the aristoc
racy and plutocracy, and waa elected by
them through the corrupt expenditure of
vast sums of money taken -from. .'H
people ' dishonestly by insurance
panics and -other corporations
friend is now earnestly work'
the Republicans on the ground
controlling forces of the part.- l--v
again reversed themselves and . 1 t
Roosevelt now represents the peor'e e
same substantially ias Bryan dU. and
the opposition-to hlm- wlll.be W t rp
forces and powers that elected lcilif
ley. r Ws replied to our friend's -inquiry
that we dloVnor claim to belong to any
party but was Independent, snd If ws
could Hot 'register without claiming to
be- a Republican or Democrat ws woald
perhaps decline to register and be dis
franchised by thla law. To. this he re
plies that there are - being new align
ments formed all ever the country, due
to Roosevelt's eourageous and honest
stand In the lntereete ot the great mass
es of ths people. The next alignments,
he saya. regardless f what the party
name may be. will be the people against
the special privileges. T And ss Roosevelt
will represent .the people, our friend
thinks ha -will force the Republican
party to- ehamplon their rights, and the
Lemooratic party wlU of necessity be
takes up and backed by corporate inter
eata who wUl depend on lta success for
legalised graft aad tne enjoyment 01
special privileges. 1 ' J
1HII wis seen,-., ne eys, ib "
last election when, they forced tne
nomination of Parker. TJndST these
conditions,' he oontlnues, i ; would
strongly urge and : advise TortS nv
Identlty yourself . ,wru tne nepuoiicao
party and register as a Republican, for
certainly under . Rooeevait's leaderahlp
this party Is becoming purified all over
the eouatry.' It doea begin to look like
Wnosovslt re r relents about ; the same
principles snd Interests thst Bryan did.
and Jhe party eontrolled by hlmwill be
support ea target oy tne same
who voted for Bryan, snd perhaps the
opposing party will be supported largely
by the voters sna privileges imeraeis
that eleoteO McKlnley. Time will telL
It Is principles snd not party . namee
that should be supported. - Should the
controlling forces of the two parttea
sprain reverse themselves, ss they did In
lltt snd ltOO. when Bryan represented
the people, the. same as Abraham Lin
coln did In 11(0. and McKlnley repre
sented ths aristocracy In plutocracy tha
same as Breckenridgs snd Lne did In
lttO. we should not hesitate to register
and support what ws believe to be for
the best interests ef the great American
people under . whatever name that may
be. And, In saying this we do not mean
that corporations and capital are neces
sary evils snd must be fought and dis
criminated against At all. for they Ure
the life and glory of the nation of all
nations, but we believe that whatever
builds up the prosperity of the-whole
people Is best tor capital and corpora
tions, and that those capitalists who
have vastly more than they can use are
shortsighted In carrying elections by the
use of money and legislating In a way
that will Impoverish the masses and in
crease their own colossal fortunes snd
la time will bring ruin oaTihelr country
and themselves or their posterity, ths
seme as the French nobility did m cen
tury ago." . : . - "' -. -: U-u..
'- Our Popular Song Bortan.
'--.'''..'. By William F. Kirk.
' (No. ' 14 ef our . Interesting series,
"Tou Ain't Been Square With Me," has
received the unstinted praise of press
sad pulpit - It Is hardly neeesary to
state that the words are our own. The
music Is by Philadelphia Jack O'Brien).
'y-yv x. -:'"'-
One night aa X was strolling through
thS city of New Tork
; A man and maid Z happened for to
" .. . eee; - - .- .
The man was. smUing gaily and , his
heart seemed light as oork; ,
" The maiden's tears weitt falling very
free.. ' ' .' .'
I stood there' for n minute with a sort
- And watched her sweetheart bew his
. - head. In shame; ' - - 1 "
And suddenly, when one mors glance at
, ' . them two folks I took. ,
1 Ths lady, to the gent, did then de
. claim: ','f Y1
f 1 I j
.' - - ' t ,
London Correspondence Philadelphia
Press.- -' ' .- x ""
With Moscow now ths center ef un
rest In Russia, the following descrip
tion of the ancient capital, written by
a tourist who has recently returned
from that country, 1a of great Interest.
Moscow stands on ' the edge ot the
most monotonous and unlovely portion
of ths vast central plain of Kurope
that stretches from Holland to . the
Urals. In ths 111 miles of railway from
Warsaw there Is not a single tunnel
and scarcely low cutting .' .
The entranoe to the city from the '
stragglings weatexnuiburbs. U. not Im
pressive: but Just now the snow 'is'
over ths - noisy cobblestones of street '
snd square, and the roofs, green, red
eu"-olue"showup ftr bright patches of
color, ths dominant note of this strange
mixture of east and. westof the aaocW
era with ths ancient world, which Is in
reality only a. vast Tartar village grown '
Into an irregular- metropolis - ef - Slav
and Asiatic rich and poor, paiaoes and
booths. - aad bewildering eccentricities ,
of every form of architecture, the
whole with a diameter of over nine '
miles, a eiroumference ot nearly 10, and '
a population of more than t.tOO.000, of
whom no "teas less than 6S,S0S have to
be lodged underground.:
Full as la Moscow of sharp contrasts,
both In oolor and In form, of a Strang "
"bisarrerle" of - r retentions eztrava.
sunce cheek by Jowl with shambling'
novels, or rantaatio paiaoes and weirdly -grotesque
churches, she reminds you of
some vast universal exposition to which
every city of the world has sent Its
own characteristic building. This does
not mean - that Moscow- is "eosmopoll
tsn." Far from It; for she'ts the very
essence and center of ancient Russia;
but It ' shows how -many types have
gone to the making of her, and how
versatile aad adaptable have been her
artists In borrowing from Greece, Italy
and Bysantlum, from Mongol, Qoth and
'- ' I CHORUS! .. -j'. t-
"Tou ain't been squsrs with me, toveJ
r you ain't been square with-me;
Tou told me that a JournaUat you hap
- pened for to be. -. -
I thought you were s Journalist, ,1111,
much to my regret,
f found you reading eopy for ths pink
Polios Oesette." "
..-i. .r., , '.11,-4. ....
The man turned pals ss ashes, snd then
' his -eyes grew dim
With tears that splashed down Slowly
In the flrno: - -
That there Indictment seerasd'ie pufan
' awful crimp In him t
Bs shuddered - when . ths ' maiden
... shrieked "Sktddoer
He murmured. "Don't b harsh with
me. I done the best I could, --
,. And Mister Fox has promised ' ass
more pay. - . - - -
I thought that I was doing well snd
reailr making good - 4 . "
. TlU-unto me these mean words you
did says . - . - -,: ;.
! cHORusi : .'' '"
"Xoti ain't been square with me, love,"
., tt: Ste, 1, . a j , r ; v, . r , t. ;
s : multitudinous have been ' these
orro wings that nature hag had less to
y of Mosoow than of any ether town,
.ne perpetually varying results of
human Intallrgence are visible every
where; and above It the deep chord that
sounds through all ths Kremlin bells
sound through the city. Is ths strong
seated. Ineradicable feeling of religion.
A Of the first Mosoow that Tort Dolf o-"
rekl founded on the hill that waa to
bear the Kremlin,. nothing Is left save
the churches "la tha wood," which re
call the forests. round the little- town
of 1HS. A Tartar Invasion wiped It
oat. snd again, they destroyed the Ca
thedral of the Archangel which Michael
of Novgorod built on Kremlin hut. By
ivan z, in tne fourteenth century, these
famous slopes' were first surrounded
with a wall of -oak, and when Dlmltri
Donakot died In-list Moscow was the
largest and moat thriving of ths states
in tne northeast of Russia, nd atone
replaced oak. lar?tht. , great .Kremlin
wallSL..-.'-'--- t--.--'-,..-.... ...
It was by Ivan in. who succeeded in
14t that -the - great two-headed eagle
wes taken as the arms of his country,
and Its early form may a till be seen
en the wall of Granovitala palace, -in
nm skremun. - Tne St. George and the '
Dragon which was the device of her
founder, -Tert .became the rcnyarmar"""
Ivan the- Terrible came to powerOn
his eigth year, In Itlt, and IS years
afterward he took the aarae ef .osar.
It ' was an Ill-omened aaeooiation for '
the beginning of that historic title, for
never, since Caraealla, had lived a man
whe deserved so tnoroushlv the tuts-
Of "the scourge of -the world." Jy him '
-formed 1 the budrsuard vjf ' the
dread "opritchnlki," the picked bravoes.
who carried bludgeons carved with a-
dogs head, and did their master's will,
and their own. throughout the city. -
The insensate cruelty, the more than
barbarie tortures, tha fiendish delight
in pdin, which characterised Ivan the
Terrible need not be here detailed.
' In the Vasili Blajennl," St, Basil ths
Martyr, the amaalng church In ths
Qraad place, or Red square., ths visitor
to modern Mosoow may see his most
appropriate monumsnt,-. a mixture- ot -Gothic
Moorish, - Indian, Bysaatine are
a aenseless conglomeration of eon--fllctlng
styles that, loses ail beauty In
lta reckless effort to be original. Bach
of the - roofs ef Its nine chapels are
different - ' - , .
The towers and cupolas ars In be
wtlderino; disorder, some cut with
Urge facets, others bristling O Ike a
hedgehogs back, a third like a pine
apple, a fourth copied from a melon, a
fifth In spiral folds, a sixth in hollowed
channels alL crowned by a Vttuseo
Oot hie" spire entirely unlllte-the rest. .
7TSW1S AND .CLARK
'swasi leswaasssaei 0mmm9mmm
: At Fort Clataop. ' ;
January is. we proceeded across
Clatsop river to ths place where we
had left' our canoes, and as the tide
waa coming In, immediately embarked
for tbe fort, at which place we arrived
about 10 e'olock at night.
During' their absence the men had
been occupied in hunting and dressing
skins, but In this they wereynot Very
Successful, as the deer have become
scarce aad - are, . Indeed, seen chiefly
near the prairies and - open grounds
along the coast ' -"-
- This . morning, however, ' there came
to the fort It Indiana. 'They are. ot
the , Cathlamah nation, ' our . nearest
neighbors above, on the south side of
the river. The tin or chief, whose name
was Shahawaoap, having been absent
on s hunting exoursion -aa we passed
his village had never yet seen' qs; we
therefore showed him the honors of
our country as well as our reduced
finances would permit We invested
him with a small medal. and -received
a present of Indian tobacco and -a
banket of wappatoor In return, for
whloh we gave him a smalt piece of our
tobacco and thread for. fishing neUI
They -aad brought dried - salmon,
wappatoo, .dogs and mats made, of
rushes nd flags, but we bought only
some dogs . and .wappatoo. These
Cathlamahs speak" ths same language
as the Cblnooks and Clatsops, whom
they reserablsr In dress and manners. - .
..... 1 T ."V
Imitation Is tha Eincerest Flattery.
From December (Holiday Number)Para
dlee of the - Pacifio, Published a
Honolulu..--' " " '
And now a southern California news
paper, imitating The Portland Journal's
enterprise, has started a pretty-girl -rot'
ing contest, with a view of sending four
maids of San Bernardino to Honolulu thla
winter.- - ' '', - N. ... -,
f ' Could Sparf Hits. :j .
From the Washlngtoa Post " '
. There are some senators who would be
enthuslsstlo in voting to psy the ex
penses ef the president's trip If he
should decide to take a long one right