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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
THE OREGON DAILY JOURNAL. PORTLAND. FRIDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 2, 1SC3.
DOMDARDMENT OF SEVASTOPOL DURING THE RECENT MUTINY
FIFTH riEDDIIIG OF
;:iiiig BOOK OF
THE "400" ;
I'llllTE HOUSE ,
Miss Roosevelt First President's
Climpse Into thevPages of Fads
and Fancies Now at Length -
Issued, j ' -
Daughter to Marry Since Nel
lie Grant's Time.
:. ' v ' a
x DOLLAR MARK IS
SIGN OF GENTILITY
- FOR CEREMONY MADE
Affair Will Coma Off In East Room
Only Criterion of Standing Appar
ently Is Money Ocean vt It and
j Everybody In the Book Fills the
; Bilf Financially. " 7V C
Details of tha Grant and Other .
Marriages Little Chang in Horn
Life of Preaidenta. A J
- n..l an a,rvV 1
New York. Dec. 21 Th full llatof
In aubacribera to Fada and Fancier,
tha I2OO.O0 book that has created ao
much talk throuahout the country, haa
'bwil made public at laat-r ." J' '
' The mibacrlbere who paid from tl.SOS
' to 110,000 each for the privilege of
i having their folblea exploited therein,
I for the enlightenment of posterity, have
each received a copy, and, while these
. . 3? I i jian!,t,il ,n II.
brary table at present, the l&O immor
tal may now, inpec Jbeny.at their
The volume Itself la as ponderous aa
the article of Incorporation of the steel
trust, and ae glided and ornate aa ao
insurance magnate'! aalary. It haa for
a frontispiece , a beautiful plctura by
Howard Chandler Christy, and after the
' title page comes a list of the subscrib
' ers, on which each nam Is autographed.
-M-he introduction on "American Society";
Is written by Constance Cary Harrison,
better known aa Mrs. Burton Harrison,
the author of "The Anglo-Maniacs,'' "A
Harhelor Maid."- "The Unwelcome lira
.Hatch" and other books. , . ' ;
Story of Billionaires.
Every subscriber the aggregate fr-
tunes of whom amounts to 11.509.000,000
has signed every copy of the work.
The result Is probably the most extra-
ordinary collection of autographs of
modern times. - Among the names are
the signatures, of President .Theodore
Roosevelt and former President drover'
'Cleveland.. ' .. ' ...
It is understood that Messrs. Rooar-
. velt and Cleveland alone got Into the
book without paying the price of a town
. lot.- Mr. Roosevelt has also Indicated
that no article about him appeared with
- his permission but Ms signature is oa
' the copy. " ' .
One hundred and five copies of -the
. monument to vanity have been delivered
to the subscribers, and a copy each has
. been sent to the New York public li
brary, to the Congressional library, to
pttheBrltish museum, while the remain
t lng volume ha been deposited -In the
archives of the Town Topics, under the
auspices of whose editor and publisher,
Colonel William D, Mann, the book was
' published. ... ; ' : -
r Baaatlxally Got TJp. :
. Whatever the ethical view of Tads
and Fancies," there is no question that
.' the book la a glowing example of the
.bookmaker's art. It 'looks like money.
Bound in green crashed levant morocco
-with gilt edges, the book has the dl-
mansions of an ordinary ledger and oon
' eists of Sit pages, j .,. .
On the outside cover one of the. ships
' of Columbus is reproduced in gold trac
. lng. The inside of the rovers is cov
ered with green watered silk. The covers
themselves are made from a special
' weave of English Bristol board, guaran
. teed never to warp. The crushed levant
morocco came from France. The page
.a re fastened . to the covers by colored
silk of groat strength and woven In red,
white and blue. L "
The pages consist of heavy Japanese
Jiand-marte. vellum. The art work of the
book ronatata of : exquisite photo-
gravures,'' In the center of the bonk is
'a full page 1teal -etching of Colli P.
Huntington, which cost his widow II.-
. Onu. The Imprint Is In black 12-point
Elxevlr type,, ha wide mart-Ins, and is
lined In red. Each Introductory para
graph to the various "wrtteups".of the
"One Hundred and Five Immortals':
ktsrta with a targe letter in red and
'gold. .i. . ' ;
Ator Head XJst.
Following the frontispiece by How
ard Chandler Christy and the "Fad and
Fancies' title page Is a list Cf the sub
scriber, starting with John Jacob As-
, tor and ending with Henry B, Hyde.
t Inreetly thereafter thl table of content
la the introducttorron American society
written by Mrs. Harrison. ,
,v The article on . Colli P Huntington
consists of alt full psges exclusive of
the steel engraving, and Colonel Mann
, has stated that the -extra space and the
steel engraving account for the f 10,000;
paid by Mrs. Huntington. - - :
The two-page wrlteup of President
Roosevelt depicts him as an ardent lover
of the strenuous life, of horseback rld
,lng, hunting, boxing and wrestling.
Two photogravures present the presi-
dent in riding costume and clearing a'
fence on horseback. That on former
.President Cleveland portray him as a
'mighty duck Shooter and fisherman and
photograph are reproduced - showing
hlnr lndullng In hi favorite sports.
Here la part of the critique on "Amer
ican Society" by Mrs. Burton Harrison:
'.' '. Book Introduction. ''
,1- American eoclety! What la It?" Who
gives it right of being. Whence Is it
"derived? What- Influence have borne
i upon it and shaped It? What ia It
i status today a a factor la our nation'
advanced position among the power of
the world? ,
i Toward the middle of the nineteenth
century - we find the soclologlat and
.. commentators upon our best society ho-
. , ... ...v... .u, rvtmm otiih
sufficient vigor, and lifting up their
' voices In public print against the de
' cadence of republican ' manners Ja.lTd
. customs resulting from the great wealth i
. ' and material prosperity of our country.-
; Then, a now. It waa New York that
ram In for the Hon? share of the
abuse. New Tork, having thrown off
1 the yoke of Dutch conservatism and
Knickerbocker respectability, had sur
rendered herself Into the band of th
new-rich, and waa dancing a very car
magnol of extravagant display! , Hotly
decried were the "arbitrary and factl-
tlous distinctions" upon which were
founded the social differences existing
. supremely ia this community. Boston.
. Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washing
ton a till hold to their old tmdltlon.
Richmond, Charleston, Savannah, New
-Orleans were hedged behind a thorny
" growth of antique custom and exclu-
Ivenes. Chicago .and Sao Francisco
were yet to be heard from as rival in
tha race for civic preeminence and social
New Tork wa the arena in which It
waa declared that the social leaaera aia
.... thine but "traveety and parody In
.r.rv conceivable way a oclety of
which they knew only In book and by the
anperflclal observation of foreign travel,
which aroae.out of a social organisa
tion ntlnyly unknown to them. , and
which a oppoaed to their fundamental
and eeaentWtl prtriclplea"
W r.nrnit a-alnaav-' fh fact ..that
PREFERRED DEATH TO THE DRESS
HER MOTHER T.1ADE HER WEAR
Twelve-Year-Otd Genevieve Stinsman Plunge Into the Wil
; 'lamette From the Albina Ferry but Is Rescued by j v;o
V . Crew of a French Ship.. ., "
Jumped Into the river to drown
myself because my mother wanted me
to wear a certain kind of dress to school
which I did not like." . -
-. With this cool statement of premed
itated suicide, pretty little lt-year-old
Genevieve Btinaman insisted this-afternoon
to the police officer that h
had not fallen frmn the Albina ferry.
Mason, accidentally. Self-destruotlon
wss sought in the cold water of the
Willamette. A bit of a girl had been
pjquad by her mother on the. trivial
question of a dress. All day the matter
had been brooded over, and when the
girl was returning" home at 1 o'clock
thia afternoon he determined to escape
from, the restriction and rule which
forced her to don wearing apparel that
did not ault her tastes.
It was the 1 o'clock trip of the Mason
from the west side. of the river. Sev
eral passengers were aboard, among
them some school children. When well
out- into the stream the alarm wa
spread that some one was overboard,
but before the crew of the Mason or any
of the passenger could render aid the
crew- of a French hlp lying at tha ad
jacent dock bad come to the rescue in
a boat and pulled the girl out of the
70 SAVED BY, HEROIC WORK
OF CREW ON SOUND STEAMER
flpclal Dispatch to Tha Joaraal.) '. -Seattle,
Waah., Dec J2. Heroic work
by the officers of the 'Port Orchard
route steamer Athlon saved the lives of
TO person and the vessel from total
destruction while en route from Ta-coma-
to Seattle thia - morning. The
breaking of a Shaft resulted in the al
most total ' destruction of the engine,
caused a panic among the passengers,
and Chief Engineer Hale had a narrow
escape from lnatant death. He barely
escaped, being struck by the top of
the low pressure cylinder., which waa
blown to the top of the engine-room
and fell, striking the floor at his feet.
The accident . occurred about t:tO
o'clock. - Captain Mitchell wa in tha
wealth -and the power it brings rule
supreme in our land. . Especially would
it be pain thrown away to try to epi
tomise the beet society of America a
represented by the present dweller in
cosmopolitan New York, without con
tinual reference 'to the golden ' basis 1
upon which it stand. The pursuit of
money has indeed become ao much the
dominating: Influence of' the mas of
American that it prise winners stand
to them for all excellence: . To them it
la the shibboleth of the day to sum tip
the character and achievement of one
known to them as a newspaper hero, a
man under daily discussion by the com
munity, in these words: "He has been
very successful" which, being inter
preted, mean only that he ha accumu
lated money. Nothing of moral worth,
of Intellectual supremacy, of great
philanthropy, of achievement in art or
letters, of Trrtlttary-srloixTJrof sclen
tlflo. "discovery .count's ' as "succeaa"
with our general public In the summing
up of a- man' career, unless to it can
be added the fact that he has piled up
dollars to leave behind htm. To them
oblivion falls with the clod of earth on
a poor man' coffin Ud. ('.-
It la thl large majority who yield
their best homage .to dollar aocrued,
from the laborer in the field up to the
potent director Of" great corporations,
who hive decreed the standard of sover
eignty among ua; and to thl decree of
the people .American society has bowed
obediently. It ha been thus sine the'
beginning of -the opulence of the United
States, in the discovery of gold in Cali
fornia, a national bonanza, followed by
the enormous development m railways.
commerce and manufactures, and by the
urprtslnr production of silver. " The
processus of war built up Immense for
tunes created by government contracts
and enterprise of that period, ' succeeded
by year of Inflation and speculation, '
Only an occasional individual from
among the proaperoua, well , placed and
wealthy - or tha old world ever came
forth- from his comfortable home and
the enjoyment of place and power in a
country of established greatness to en
counter the wasting dlaease and long
dlatrea of a struggle with climate, av
age and Starvation for the prospective
reward of founding a remote colony.
Very few of the early English Immi
grant to America were, of "gentle"
blood; but many were, of the sturdy
manhood and heroic courage which de
served success In the undertaking they
carried In patient hands of strength.
And the recruit who, with the passing
of time, har come to them from all na
tionalities and all corner of the earth
have been of a robust manhood.
The earliest immigrants of Virginia
came out, not in pursuit of personal for
tune. The lands they oacupted were held
for and In the name of the colony and
country, the Meal of which was ever
before their eyes, an appeal to unaelflwh
devotion. There wa no 'allotment to
. . .. . . "... 111 '" . y s. ) " i .
, . , .:; ' ".;'.. -. . :
water. Her clothing had kept her at
the surface, despite the frantlo effort
to stnk. ' l
She wa taken to the cabin of the
ahlp, as the ferry proceeded on it trip
aoroaa the river. The master of the
vessel notified the police station Im
medlatejy after doing what he could to
warm, and revive the desperate little
bit of. femininity. Officer O ruber, and
Casey went down to the ship and took
charge of the glrL - When they begaa
asking her how she fell from the ferry
aha protested : Immediately that she
Jumped off and stoutly declared that
the -cause wa the dress question, over
which she and her mother, Mrs. Ida
Bush of ("I Delay street, differed. She
was not aahamed of the deed, nor
aeemed to be In the beat of plrlt be
cause hor pufpoae bad been thwarted.
Genevieve Btinaman seem possessed of
the blood of the Japanese samurl, who
commit hart kari, and unless there 1
some compromise on the part of the
maternal ruler It would appear possible
that the grim little Spartan might again
challenge fate over the style of a drees.
- At a late hqur-'thls afternoon the
mother had been notified, but had not
yet been able to reach the police sta
tion to take ch&rgeof her-daughter,--'
pilot-house and Chief Engineer Hale and
Fireman Meyers were on watch. With
out any warning the shaft snapped like
a piece of pine board and the engine
ran away, turning at tha rata of S00
revolutions a minute.
The cabin on both" the lower and
UPpes decks were filled with men, wom
en and children. The passengers rushed
to the decks, a the cabins were fast
filling with ateam. One woman fainted
and other were terror-stricken, but In
a very few minutes the officer assured
all that the danger waa past and quiet
waa restored. Engineer Hale, who was
standing five feet from the engine when
the shaft broke, made hi way through
tha steam and stopped the machinery.
any individual among them, and no
man personal wealth waa considered.
A band of brother, having a common
knightly Impulse to protect a cause, they
were established at the mouth of the
James river, as a wedge for England
and the Protestant religion between the
Spanish Catholics of Florida on tha one
hand and their co-rellglonlst. the
French of the St Lawrence, on the
other. ; ;
MONEY FOR COLUMBIA
Wanluurtoa Bureau of -The Jouraal.)
Washington, Dec".' 21. Benators Fulton
and Gearln called On the chief of en
gineers thl afternoon and discussed the
Columblar veLjmproxenieni. Tbay
found that Colonel Roessler had reconr
mended an appropriation of f 1.(00.000. ;
General Mackencle requested Chair
man Burton to lneert an .item in the
river and harbor bill providing f 400,
000 cash for continuing the work and
authority to contract for addltlonar work
to the extent of, 1. 000,000.
WAR COMMENCED ON
V UTAH TICKET BROKERS
' nJt T jLk. Utah- Dec. 11. Two uit
were filed in the federal court today by
Aiithn Tc(fin J aefiinat Oacer
Groschell and every ticket broker in
Utah, and oy me uanver at kio urana
...tn.t th anm defendant, aekln an
order of the court restraining the
broker rrom operating in umh .iuucb
Marshall Iliea an oraer atreaiuig wmra
to snow cause January ,
'STOPPED IN RUSSIA
" (Journal SneeUi Berries.)"
, St, Peteraburg. Dec. 2J. The trik
now cover all Russia and it i admitted
that all communication I being atopped
with great rapidity. It -I expected
hourly thafc-the government will be ren
dered hulplt. . -
Ships Battered by Beaa.,
'- tlAMvna! Sneetal Serrlea.t
Ban Franclaco, Dec. J. The steam
schooner Lauua. lumber laden, reached
port this morning after. -seven days
stormy voyage from "Wlllapa harbor
under S Jury rudder, her rudder having
been' wanned away. The schooner Tarn
ntcn. from Tacnma. and the Steamer
Umatilla, from Puget' Bound, also ar
rived after trying experience in in
Deary sea. ...t , - ,
Cash Paid f Over by Northern
Pacifio Agent for Part of
' Brazee Farm. - ,
- HEAD THE BUYER
The Land Chosen Hat a Thousand
Feet Frontage on the Willamette
and Is Believed to Be lor Mill and
' Railway Entrance.
a -lAae tndav and tlt.OOS
paid over for what 1 believed to be the
across the Willamett river. The tract
ia tS acre, a part or tha urasea larm,
lying Just above the drydock and ex-tontna-
from the harbor Una to Wil
lamette boulevard. ' -
.. iAh. thcmii nnuiitint of tha West
ern Timber ' company, purchased the
land through a local real estate and
financial institution. He stated that the
object of hi purchase wa to build
large sawmill on the ground.-- - "
The -Western Timber company 1 a
Michigan, concern. Mr. Plereon wa
formerly in . the service of Frederick
TTOjri liBUSS a , aaaV waa-a mww
as being closely related to the Weyer-
haueera. " , v r-
' The ground purchased haa a frontaga
of 1.000 feet on tha, river, and 1 an
Ideal aawnrlli location. It la alao situ
ated favorably for the Northern Pacific.
Grousing over the Willamette. There is
.... I., n, mmwjnA Ia lUtrmlt fit CUrVS
for entering a bridge. . It 4 known that
the Port of Portland commission oa
favored the locating of the bridge above
the drydock, and that the selection of a
site haa been made and aubmltted to the
secretary or war tor approval. -
BEEF TRUST JURY ,
- ' (Jouraal BpeeUl Serrlee.) '
Phlram. Don. !lTha iurv In the
packer' case wa completed thl after-
nn.M T, la nmA if tha rnllowlnr:
John G. Walker, farmer; George Rupe-
rlght, carpenter; jonn miner, nsnry
Wlnaor, John F. Lea. R. B. Graham,
,nnm' Walter Tvtnmia. John W. Mun-
die,- P. K. Cross, real estat dealers;
M. J. Helm, mercaant, ana KODen
Smith, printer. The Jury Wa lntructed
a to jrilence and tha court adjourned
over, the nouaay.- v -,.
MONUMENT FUND TURNED
OVER TO THE TREASURER
ti nrn Volunteer monument com
mittee of the Woodmen of the World
ha Just turned over il. I3x.ua ro h. w.
a.A(, ,M,iir nf the rltiaans commit.
, . Th woodmen committee, repre
sented .by A. I Bsrbur. called on Mr.
Bcott - this arternoon ana preseniea a
check for th amount, on Ladd Til-
ton's bank. . ,
Thi. mnnev waa raised hv the Wood
men of the World about six year ago
and haa-drawn intereat to th present
"date. .The Woodmen were the origina
tor of the-movement for erecting a
monument to me irai urtgun yuiuu
teer in the spanisn-Americsn war. .
,v ' Th Amsnd' Xoaorahle. "
. . A i m ira ,. sait ',,niinf -
t i,.n,UMn tha lattnr left behind
by the suicide Krlo Anderson, the young
d.i.h man whn went over the falla
on November 1, the phrase "We shall
meet on the otner stae or in grave wun
i . ham", mimm itdti TK ( .waa an
error. The sentence read "We shall
meet on tne otner sioe or mi grave in
that blessed iipd." The words "saelt
ham" appeared in the letter, but" they
mesn me bwbuiiu uhiubhv wiw
alent of blessed or Joyous land.
General Maxtmovitch, Governor of
aa', . r ',
LORD HARMSWORTH THREATEI1S TO
BEGIH WAR ON THE MUTUAL ;
Controller of Thirty Publications
' ; .1 h Will Attack It in All. His PeriodicdS'pnt-'C.
the Continent. .
. (Joaraal BpeeUl Bervlee.)
Chlckgo, Dee.! 13. The Chicago Daily
News correspondent at : London cables
that Lord Harms worth cabled December
I to th Mutual, saylflr:
"I aia Insursd In your company for
IJ0,000 and don't desire to Injur the
company. ; However, vnlsss a sound "In
surance man of provanr ability Is ap
pointed to the . presidency I shall be
forced to attack your Institution in tha
Interest of th British policy-holders. In
all my period leal a" ' N .. ,
In reply Harms-worth received a can
from D. C Haldeman. th London man
ager of the Mutual, who showed Harms-
TRICKS OF TRADE
Armour Cot Advantage . Over
Others of Five Cents on Every
. Hundred Pounds.-' ; V
; ' BACK OF ASSERTION
Brasenly Frank Acknowledgement of
Law-Breaking by the Railroads
Contracts Made, Even," In Direct
Violation of SUtute, ' ' : .
Armour received rebates long; before
the private car cam to great import
ance, ' says Ry Stannard Baker In th
January number of McClure's Magaslne.
At flrat, and until very recently; as I
showed in a former artlcl, Jt waa a
crude payment of cash. Let m rive a
single example. Th true published
rate on dressed beef (for export) from
Omaha to Chicago, for a long time was
23 H cents per hundred weigh .That is
what you and I would have to pay if we
shipped. But.. Armour paid only II H
cents, sometimes only It cents. He waa
given an advantage of from I to I
cents on every hundred pounds shipped
a perfectly monstrous amount This
is no hasty or unsubstantiated charge.
All the facta regarding these rebate are
set down, in sworn testimony given be
fore the interstate commerce commis
sion.' Beveral railroad official not only
admitted that they paid rebate, but
that they even signed contract to pay
them. Paul Morton, then vice-president
of th Santa F railroad, a frank wit
ness,' testified that he made a contract
dated June 10, 101, and he said with
a boldness little short of amaslng:
"Yea. sir. It i an illegal contract. It
was illegal when we made it, and we
knew that." . " ,
But the Banta Fa waa not alone In
giving rebate; many other road did
th came thing. C. J. Orammer, gen
eral traffic manager of the Lnk Shore
railroad, not only testified n paying re
bate, but' told In detail how the secret
accounts were settled. A. C Bird of
the Milwaukee railroad, Mitchell of the
Michigan Central and Ave other tfafflo
rnen admitted paying illegal rebate to
tha beef trust firms, paying them in
large amount and with regularity.
Could - anything be clearer than this
calm acknowledgment of lawbreaklngT
But. ao on ha aver been punished for
thl crime, neither the railroad which
gave the rebate nor Armour and hi
asaoclates In the beef trust who re
ceived them. And this extraordinary
disclosure did not even stop the law
breaking. Armour and bla associates
are aa much nourished - today, by law
less railroad discrimination as ever, aa
I. shall show. ".---'. ':.' . 'i
- a v..
Notifies Insurance Company
worth a cablegram inatructlng him to
"koeD Harmsworth oulet.
Harmsworth answered, saying that h
stood by his decision, and .further, said
that the conduct of tha oompany was
disgraceful so far a the Insurance fea
ture was concerned.- and that he would
not abide by the selection of a man
unfamiliar with insurance and recom
mended Haldeman. He said he would
reserve hi attack seven day, and th
attack on Pea body I about due. Harma
worth control about 10 or mora publi
cations In England fld on th continent,
and call to his aid tha personal assist
ance of- th big politicians and financiers
of' Europ and America.
SUPREME COURT TO ACT
ON NEZ PERCE CASE
'. Mnaetat Manatee ta Th JearaaLl
Lewiaton. Ida.. Deo.7 12. Judge T. E.
Fogg, counsel for Dick, yesterday was
served" by the attorney-general's office
with a transcript of the appeal in the
Dick case, now on appeal to th United
State supreme court. Thl I th case
in which Dick secured his release from
prison on a decision of th circuit court
of appeals, which held that the ' law
excluding the sale of Intoxicant liquor
on th Nes Perce Indian reservation was
unconstitutional and without effect.
Th caa will -probably be advanced
on th calendar and heard some time in
January. . The ' entire issue a to th
Introduction or liquor on tne-reserve
tlon I brought to the attention of the
supreme court by th appeal. -Judge
Fogg will go to Washington to argue
tbecae for Dick. . . .:--. ,
SAYS HE CAN CLEAR UP v
G0EBEL MURDER MYSTERY
.-' SBsnwaaaaaBBawBS - -
''"-"" ' !"-ooraal Siwrlal service.) '
Bakersfleld, CU D. ti.C. E. En
ler, who Is in the eounty hospital from
a . supposed ' self-inflicted wound re
ceived in a mysterious shooting affair
December 7, admits to th superintend
ent of tha hospital that he has informs'
tion which will clear Caleb .Powers of
the Governor Ooebel murder. ' Kentucky
authorities, have been notified. '. .
;'': The '. Army . ef Teachers. .' ,''
'i .From the New fork Bun. '
The army of education in the United
Stat 1. mad up of 50,000 -teacher,
of whom 1 10,000. are men and 130,000
women. The overwhelming majority of
the teachers are natives of the .United
.States, less than SO.OOO having been
born abroad Kn In fifteen. . -
.Most of the male teachers ar between
th yeara. of 25 and SB. Th majority
of the -woman teacher ar between Is
and 2i. - '
-' - There 'ar 1. 100 mal teachers over
88. There are less than 1.660 female
teachers over St.. , Three time as msny
female teachers aa male . teachers are
put down as "age unknown."
There ar 11,000 colored teachers in
the United States, thus divided between
th two sexes 7,700 men and 12,100
women. Thar are (00 Indian teachers
In r the Indian schools of the -United
States 140 men and 260 women.
- The average age of teachers in the
United States is higher than In England
and lower than In Germany." The -proportion
of vary youthful taachera i
much greater In th country than in
the city dlatricts.
'The largest proportion of male teach'
era Is to be found In West Virginia,
where-they npmber 50 per cent of the
total. - Th largeat proportion of woman
I to b found in Vermont, where .they
form to per cent of the whole number.
The atandard of education 1 vry much
higher in Vermont than it Js in West
Virginia. ' , . ' ' ' i ''
Tha number ', of ' teachers in th
United States. has Increased greatly, In
recent yeirs. ' In 171 there were 125,
000,: in 1880", 225,000; Irt 190 ' 140,000,
and U Is at present 450,000. ; A
' '. ' aeyoad Coatrol.
rba r Is It a rW) ',''
' New York Polleeena 'Warroes fa's .tht,
age.. Waa ' th' Four Hnadhora la amrla' eut,
aa' tht'ra selUa' his gooos at aactloa, aor.
(Wsshiagto Burma ef Tbs Journal.) -.
- Washington. Dec 12. Final arrange -
ments are being msde for the wedding
next February of Miss Alice Roose- "
velt and Congressman Nicholas Long
worth. Ths ceremony will take plao lit .
th eaet room of th Whit Uouaa. it is
to be a brilliant function, surpasalng '
any event of a similar nature in tha .
annals of the White Housed so far as
social festivities sr concerned. -
The- coming" ""nuptials recall those
held in the executive mansion during
th past half century, and particularly
the International - marriage of Nellie .
Grant and Algernon Bar tor la while Gen- '
era! Grant was. president. .' Happily,
th clroumatanc surrounding Nellie
Grant's wedding are not applicable to
th courtahlp and the approaching nup
tlals of -Mlaa Alice Roosevelt. Th mar '
rlage of Mis Rooaavelt to Mr. Long
worth ia not only heartily sanctioned by -
her father, but it meets with th cordial -approval
of the nation. Such was nt
the caa on Nellie Grant wedding day.
There have been many alterations In
th Whit House sine General Grant
was president, but the beautiful horn
Ufa of th Grant 1 dally recalled by
th natural American home atmosphere
which President Rooavlt and hi fam
lly create. Th home life of General
Grant waa somewhat similar to that .
of President Roosevelt. General Grant .
was devoted to hi family, and the har-4
plest moments of his life were paaej
In. th companionship of hi children.
Th pride or General orant' naarv was .
hi only daughter, Nellie, and th out'
Id world probably never knew, nor
could It realise, how hard It waa for
him ta glv br In marriage to th dash
in vouna ' Enallahman, whoa subs, ,, .
quant career was attended with so much. -matrimonial
infelicity. - )'
Although ther hav been only lour
Whit House wedding in the' last 5 .
years, ther I no topic more Inter t.
lng to th dally visitor to that his
toric mansion. Tourist, especially
w (Alien, ar delighted when they can
hear "Pop" Pendle, th venerable usher,
who 1 12 year old and who baa been
on duty at tha White Houa for more
than 0. yeara, relate the details 1
Nellie Grant's wedding. They are shown
the exact position or in Dnaai pariy, .
and moat of tha women regard it as a .
special privilege to be permitted to sit
n a divan which mark th spot in th
aat room where Miss Grant atood dur-
lng th oeremony. ' ' ' -
Much . Intereat I manireaiea in nr.
Pendle' s narration-ot the Incidents at
tending th marriage of President uievs
land to Mtaa Frances Fo.som. ih'S .
innk niana in tha Blue narlor and was. a
comparatively private function. Kl '
Folsom was the daugnter or anui
friend of President Cleveland and many ...
years younger than he, but the maf.
rlage haa proved in vry respect to
be a happy oh. Th bf f touting clergy- -man
waa the Rev. - Byron Sunderland,
whom President Cleveland had known)
during his early manhood and at whose
church' the Cleveland family worshiped
while in Washlnston. Mias Folsom can-a
to Washington and with her mother too; :
apartments at one of tne prominent no.
tela a day or two prior to the wed
ding, after which th coupl spent their
honeymoon st Deer Park. -
The -latest wedding in the Whits
Houae was that of d niece of Mra Met '
Kinley, who was a daughter of General
Hastings and who married an office
in tha United State army, Thl cere- -.
mony was also performed In th bin
room In th preaenc of. Immediate rel,
atlvea of th young couple. .-
Ther Is ' an Incident never before ,
published in connection with Nell 14
Grant's marriage which ia not a part ol
"Pop" i Pandle's Interesting monologue,
and which 1 worth relating. Th east
room waa profusely decorated , with
growing plants and cut flowers, a floral
wedding bell waa suspended directly '
over th raised platform on which ths :
bridal psrty waa to stand, and th rin
dow shad war ctoaely drawn ao as ta ,.
render more effective th hundred o I
light which glltned from the orystal
chandeliers which formerly illuminated. ;
the state apartment. '
Several , hundred- guests. Including,
members of th cabinet, th dlplomtl
corps, officer of the army and navy
in full uniform, member of congiV, ,
th Judiciary and out-of-town guests
wer preeent. The ceremony waa per
formed by tha Rev. a H,- Tiffany, peat
tor of tha Metropolitan - Methodist
church, where the president and his fam
ily worshiped. Colonel Frederick Den I
Grant, brother of th bride, was.best
man. and tha brid was attended by
eight bridesmaid. Including Mia AnnJ
Barn, daughter of Surgeon-General .
Bame;" Mis Carpenter,- daughter ol ,
Senator Mat Carpenter,- an Mia Lefts
Porter, a daughter of Admiral Porter.,
Besides Mar Cleveland, th only prel
dent to be married; during his term of
office was President Tyler, who took
aa hi second wife -Miss Julia Gardne
of New Tork. but they wer noi-inar
rted in the White House.
The first wedding In th Whit Houss
wa that of Mis Maria Monro, ths
youngest daughter of President Mon
roe, who was married In March, 1820,
to Samuel L. Oouverneur of New Tork,
This ceremony wa held In the famous
cut room. .There wa another early
marriage In th east room, that of Mis ,
Elisabeth Tyler to William Waller ol
Virginia... . ' '-. - ; 'i
KILLS SHERIFF AND .1
. SHOOTS AT JUDGE
(Jnareat 'Speelal serrlea.1
TJklah, Cal.. Dee,- 12. Sheriff Smith
wa Instantly- killed, today by FranH
Wlllard, who also shot at Superlol -Judge
White, but missed him by a few
inches. Wlllard had Just been examined
for Insanity. He escaped but was eip
t tired mil from town and landed In A
Jail. A howling mob clamored for hi : -life,
hut was Anally dispersed. ' Wlllard
live . In Hopland. He is half Spanish
and bears a hard reputation.
' - "
WUkes tret tha Bfa. '
' (Spactnl Olapttch ta Ta JnaniaL)
Salem, Deo. 22. Harry Wllkea.'whS
was a rrented at Jefferson by Deputy '
Sheriff MInto yestsrday on advice fnitn
Portland detective was not Identified '
by Plnkerton men ss Rodgers, the man'
wanted in the east. 'Consequently h
was turned loos.