Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 12, 1905)
.THE OREGON SUNDAY JC"
lOHTLAND, SUNDAY MORNING," NOVEMBER 12, 1C0J.
GMiRUM DANX.GIB80N has
quit tiS.OQO a ysar 'and fame
In order that he may take up
a new -line er art worn. ' In
thta workaday world, ..practical and
hard-heeded, it takes' som audi lllus-
tratlon a that to show that ome peo
. tle really Jove their art for Itself alone.
He ha . quit the pen and Ink and
crayon. In which he excelled, to take up
the brush aad palette, and study paint
ing- in ripaln. ,
. . Mr. Olbaon will be a distinct loss to
America. His clever pictures will be
. trussed rrom the mngaxlnea. bis lllu
- tratlons from the books; but the type
he created deny it as he may. and dpes
persists in the American girl as h
worm at large Knows, her tall, stata
ssque, witn features , clear cut like a
cameo, (race in her every pose, eotor
in her eyes, the latent potentiality of
innnit aissea- lingering . within her
.'. Hps. .-.
- Before. Charles Dana Gibson synthe
tlaed bis ideal woman the American girl
was vau, nondescript, inchoate;, there
was no type or her to which one could
- point and sayi That l tho typical
. American. girl." But as soon as the
world saw Gibson's ideal it bowed down
before it in adoration, sarins;: "Lo, at
last the typical American airir Not
Only did the susceptible American men
.,' acknowledge her. their queen, but the
glrla themselves hailed her as their
own portrait and strove, to live up to
the likeness. Thus did nature follow
4a the footsteps of art. and thus did
. the Gibson girl become legion and the
world take her to Its heart as the type
or American, womanhood. . .
The honor of being the "original Gib
son sin- naa been claimed by many
. women. The question who - was the
.- original has been put often to Mr. Gib'
son. and he has always answered it
thus: . ...
"There was no original Gibson girl
I had no modal for my Ideal, but it was
v. the result of my own . conception ol
what a woman abould be, formed after
. . drawing many women, from many mod'
SIS," . V. -. ,..' v ,
To soma, his intimate friends, ho has
w said that svs wife was the original Gib-
son girl; but ho never knew it until he
met her and recognised In the flesh the
very woman he bad seen in his dreams
; of beauty and shown to the world as
his Ideal. . .. ...
Mr. Gibson also created a typo of man
the square-shouldered, firm-jawed,
vcleen-shaven, well-groomed, wholesome
youth for which he and kla friend Rich-
- era Harding Davis were tha models, and
the American young man less con-
, sctoosly than ' ths American girl set
; himself to imitate ths type. It was
Gibson's pea which seat mustache, out
. of faehion and mad the tailors pad
1 the shoulders of well-cut coats, t . -1
have no favorlta, said ths young
- artist. "I could not pick out on hesd
or ono figure and say. 'I like thU better
7 than any other.? No, I like them all. I
,, have enjoyed drawing them; I drew each
individual type as well aa 1 could, -striv-
- ing for as much variety as possible, and
I can say with- sbsolute honesty that I
have no preference for ono above an-
other." - , ; ,' .. - ... . ,
- But If Mr.. Gibson had no conscious
. preference among ths girls, his uncon-
.: scions liking is distinctly traceable in
his work. The head reproduced by per
' mission of P. F. Collier 4k Sons, who hold
tha copyright, is one of his latest and
shows how- a certain tenderness - hss
' crept over his ideal. His first girls were
- statues, his latest are women.
- . . i have' drawn many women, many
. ' men. . som hundreds, 1 suppose," . be
added. . The publlo has boon kind
enough to like them, and this liking has
- placed me la a position to gratify my
, .ambition to become a painter. I have
-." Inevef had any. time to study 'painting
heretofore.' having been kept so busy
''. with my black-and-white work, but now
I propose to begin at the very bottom
and eiudy as a beginner."
JL.- Not only does ths Gibson girl vanish
from the placer that she filled so long,
- but there dies with hsr all the other fig
ures biiglnatlnjg with Mr. Gibson, and
-rhoee presence has become familiar In
every household. The pursy millionaire,
the fat, coarse woman of ths "newly
rich," the tailor-made college man With
his six feet of brawn and muscle and his
.Greek profile;, the bulbous-nosed club
man; the men and women of the Four
J Hundred all the types of eccentric
. character with which he has made us
familiar, are to be buried by her side.
The reason Is that Mr. Gibson baa re-t-t
tt iipffn a fisissr
that netted him each year rather more
tnsn the salary or the President of the
United States, and, turning back forever
upon the phase of his career which won
for him ft me, face a new and larger
field and become a painter in oils and
colors. When, - in JDeoeraber. ho sails
for Europe, there to begin ths course
of study which may in tha course of
years lead blm to foremost rank in tha
higher walks of art, he will bid bis home
in America good-by for all time, never
to return save In ths character of a
fleeting visitor. '.
' Ths true secret of Mr. Gibson's change
of heart can be known only to himself.
And perhaps even he could scarcely de-
fjie the Influences that slowly but In-
"A Year in Hell
' H i :
-- ' i a, .. i
From th Nw York World
TEAR IN HE Lid, or a Rail
'road ' Man'a Observations
Along the Highway of Jus
tice," Is ths title John 8.
Paokham. a one-year man In Jail at
- Macon. Missouri, has given to a book
he haa nreosred for publication.
It la a collection of his experiences,
mixed with morailsatlona on what he
calls ths "unjust attitude" the publlo
assumes toward th man - whom cir
cumstances . throws Into the clutches
of ths law. Following is from his In
troduction: ; , ' - ' - '
When Big Hugh, the London rioter,
was tsklng his last look at earth from
the gallows, he said: There's nothing
more unlet any man bar haa a
.. fancy for my pet dog and will treat him
well. You wonder why I think about
a do Just now. IfKnytVnan deserved
4t-f-me half -as. well I'd .thin.jrfl
. "Soolety, stsndlng with clutched
skirts, and ahrlnklng from his contam
inating touch, will never reform a crim
inal. The superlatively good and im-
. maculate have run up the black flag; not
the man behind tha bara.
."Today, as in the days Of th Newgate
-rials, .the broadcloth and aatin shriek:
'To ths dungsoBl' . Thsjjrand of Cain
. a convict Out again, yet a convict ' No
friendly hand outstretches. So be it.
The war la on. But I warn you good
people that you are-responelble for a
greater part of ths sowing thsn you
. may think, You., cannot - dehumanise
- men In a loathsome tomb, condemn them
r..n humiliating servility and expect to
,; reap a crop of angels. If you do, their
.wings will be black and their horns long
and sharp." .
Packham" was' born In Linn county,
Missouri, In lis. He went to the public
schools In Brookf leld for a while, and
avttably have shaped his will to this
heroto resolve. ,
In truth It needs somstnlng In the na
ture of heroism, to calmly sacrifice an
Income estimated at fll.OOS la pursu
ance of a set purpose, with no present
reward attached to It. The friend who
are nearest to him believe that the
dawning of an Idea which waa to aslum
a definite form ard purpose earn when,
a ysar ago, ho prepared a ssrlea of
pastels for ths firm of Charles Sorlb
ner's Sons, Identified with him through
so many years aa the publishers of "The
Gibson Books." Probably in ths dell
cate coloring required for these pastels
oame the first suggestion that his
draughtsmanship might be employed In
a line of work that would bring him en
during fame. It is on his great skill
as a draughtsman that his fellew artists,
the critics and the expert Judgea base
their hope of bia success.
"I hav bent myself through all my
earner years,- ne says, "to tn needs
of the moment, to the demands of ths
publlo and tha publishers for the work
with which my name haa been Identi
fied. I feel now that t have earned my
emgncTpatluii.' and,1 iialng oei ed faltli
fully, may follow my own ideals and
try to fulfill my ambition.
. "And only the artists who have been
compelled to work to order can realise
what it meas to bo free. Through
H A Railroad Man's Ob
serrations on Justice
at tha ago of 14 entered tha service of
th Burlington railroad as a callboy.
working hla way up to a place tn the
cab of a locomotive. Svoi year after
maturity bo disappeared. . The body if
a man waa round on day at Sheffield.
on th Kansaa City Southern. Thomas
U DaMbhant WtltOk'aB Ah IA..ilJd.s I a. I II
There waa a funeral and for a while
jonn waa remembered only for th gojd
that waa in him. :
'But ni day Packham received a
Brookfleld paper describing bis funeral
and th -sorrow ever his death. Ths
prodigal decided that tf they thought oo
mucn or mm a ratted eair was due him
on his return to life. So ho hastened
bom and extended two hands to hla be.
reaved father.- HI mother was dead,
Ths father shook his bead.
"Guess not. We've burled Jack. Yon'll
hav to travel further, young man.'!
But a doubt entered the father mind
and simultaneously way to aov it.
"My son was t fireman, ho aald.
"No. 41 la about to start oast Coma
over and let's see how you handle ths
Jack fired tha looomotlv down to
the next station, the elder critically
eyeing his method.
"You are a little awkward." he aald.
"but eo waa Jack. Guesa I don't risk
much In adopting you, anyhow. ' .
Th calf died, and while th family
were rejoicing over it a deputy walked
In and attached the prodigal. The offi
cer said Jack, before he left bom, had
obtained money from ths New Cambria
bank on Indorsements which, th state
charges. Jack wrote himself.
A Year in Holl ' has been gathering
fuel since Jack's residence In Macon.
His cell la a literary workshop. There
are paper-racks, stands and desks all ,
ss that of hi son, and bad' It shipped tdP'J" n(l llht of day,
' ' '."JtS""
many months I hav worked a little In
colors. But It Is Impossible for any
busy artist-to draw a line and give the
time necessary for perfection In eolor
painting. M am not ungrateful to the
made from pins boxss by tha industrious
author. Ths prisoner did not nrsitate
to hang up th motto, "Thou ahalt not
steal." ; .
A large part of his book la devoted to
suggestions for the betterment of the
prisoners' health and tha turning1 of
their minds Into wholesome channels.
Packham doea not aay that a ertmlnal
should not be punished, but he Insists
thst rengeanc abould not go to the ex.
tent of waking a worss malefactor than
he was when the doors closed between
Here la a
quotation from a chapter on tha condi
tion of county jjalla: . v . .
"Present day ..civilisation looks with
horror .upon ths Inquisition with ' Its
red hot pincers. Its weights for tha body
and ite racks. But I want some good
physician to tell me If they were any
worse on a man s mental and pnysieai
health than to deprive him of daylight
and air, in a living tomb, where damp-
noss haa to be expelled, 'even in aummet
time, by th is of tovT" j-
Home-made illustrations and a fsw
photographs show ths physical deterior
ation of prisoners after 10 days' confine
ment, those prisoners who have nothing
to around the Jail fair faster than
those who sr employed at something.
Negroes stand th confinement better
than whltss. Boys and men from farms
fall faster than chronlo crooks from the
cities. Ninety-nine out of hundred
prisoners drink and smoke, or uae chew
ing tobacco. Every man who has been a
prisoner since th first of ths year be
lieves In God. but has little faith In
modern Christianity. - Ths reason for
this Is, the author asserts, that a min
ister or church member rarely calls to
them. The prlsonsrs take this to.
mean that present day religion' sees no
hop for them- V ' -
But, on the whole, the book . Is not
pessimistic. Psckham is good, Ms tu red,
and bis sunny laugh does much to cheer
np his prison mates. He thus reports a
visit made during th early part of th
year by a preaoher who was not afraid
- it J '
zlfflj : i
i -Tl j'
r ee . fl
career which has enabled me to win.
first bread, and then Independence.' - But
In th hours of my greatest success
thers has over been an unsatisfied long
ing "In my heart for something newer
and better, and now that the future of
my wife and my children la secure, that
longing. if God gives mo the power,
shall b satisfied."
Thus, at 40 years old, does master
In black and white go to tha old world
to learn from other masters. For 20
years he hss been aiming at ths position
ho has reached today. Ha haa chafed
under the thought that those whom be
loved believed that he had no higher
ambition than ths pursuit of money,
And so he euts the ropes that bound
of getting stain on his clothe by enter
lng th dark holes: , "
"A young clergyman of St Louis, who
hag had experience In alum work there,
waa th guest of a friend on Sunday.
He visited th Jail and waa cordially
received by Lone Jim, than Judge of our
kangaroo court, who was awaiting trial
for burglary. When" acquainted with
th mission of th visitor, Jim mounted
th card table In th main corridor and
called the boys aroundr-
" 'Fellers, hs said, this is Elder Fall
ing, of St, Louis, who wants to shoot
some good Into you. The Lord knows
yon need It. Gather arqund th bench
now and I'll introduce ' you. Elder,
this man her Is Antonio Thomasso To
basoo, or something like that, who shot
hi wife while on a drunken spree. He
won't understand all you aay, but you
can cheer ' him some by making signs
of wher he ll go If bo Wt repent
That grinning negro over IfTSreyln the
corner is '"Frog Eye" Davis, waiting
his medicine for stealing chickens In
ths night time. Tho tall, good-looking
gentleman, fondling a pair of kings,
Ic "Dynamo Al. susptctoned of stopping
th payboss out at tha mine, but he
assure us on hla solemn word of honor
that he waa a hundred mllea away.
This fellow behind me w call "Quo
Vadla." because neither him or anybody
elseVoould tell wher he's going for ths
last 30 years. He's In for vagrancy and
on general principles.' r- ,
"Th 'Judge' ' went on describing his
colony, and modestly took hts stand be
hind the group. The preacher ascended
the table and started t talk. . He was
earnest and knew . how to reach men.
He did not preach, but spoks as eomrsde
sddresslng comrade. There was no talk
of punlsbment no threats, what wss
done was don and could not b helped;
the thing wss now to resolve to do
hatter, and become good and respected
cltlsens. . , s
"While he talked. Trog Eye' Da via.
th chicken atealer, went to aleep and,
' - jar s .,-.r.
v y ' HI
' ' ' OrT; - S
. . . '
vcrKisftr war -
blm to th Gibson girl and all - other
creations, and sets out wlth his school
books under his arm," and with all ths
fervor and enthusiasm of a boy to learn
a now art ,
Mr. Gibson has - earned so much
money In th last 10 yesrs thst hs
owns bouses and property which bring
htm a large Income, an income suffi
cient to support him and hla family In
luxury for the rest of their lives. And
every cent of It he bss earned himself.
T shall come back." he says. "I
shall always remain an American end
consider this my home.- My summers
rrin trTfK1r irr-rnt In amtxlriy but
I go to Europe in order that I may
study without Interruption. There are
too many call upon me here in New
York; in Europe nooooy Know me, ana
I hope to bo able to work as a student
among students. I shall begin at the
very bottom, learning th AB C of
painting. I go first to Madrid, wher I
expect to stay about a year; wher I
shall go after that I do not know
Rome, Munich, Paris, London wherever
my inclination or my advlsera may
send ms. , -
"It has always been my ambition to
become a painter, but not until now
bavo I seen ray way clear to giving up
my black-and-white work . in order to
devote th time necessary to study."
fell off bis bog stool with a crash. "Lone
Jim' instantly aelsed him, boxed bia aara
aoundly and threw him into a? cell.
- Tt'a all right, alder,' ha aald aa ha
returned, -panting from bia exertion,
'that fool nigger never heard a aertnon
before, you mustn't mind him.', ,
Th preacher finished bia kindly die
course by volunteering to do anything
ha could for the boys.' and told thsm
not to bo backward about telling blm of
nnythlng of which they stood In need.
The 'court followed htm to the grating
and then remarked: -
" 'Elder, this Is bully for yon. and all
the boys think you're tha real thing. You
done 'em a world of good.
"Tha young minister's face lightened
and h bowed tn courteous acknowledg
ment. This encouraged tho 'Judge' to
hand out hla prise compliment
"Tou aee, you-1 don't put on airs like
aoms do, he said; you act same's If
yon was one of ua.' -r- r
"The minister smiled and shook hands
warmly. He knew what Lon Jim' had
on his mind, and laid no literary yard
stick ong the words." i
Orang Tre ag Tears Old StUl Prolific
From tbs Sacramento Be. -
Traft Crump brought-to the Bee office
today' several specimens 'of the fruit
from what be considers ono of th most
remarkable orange trees In California.
The tre is 65 year old, but shows no
sign of Intention of going out of busi
ness. . i
In 1(4$ Thomas Hanna, an early-day
auctioneer- returned to these shores
from a visit - to the Sandwich Islands
with ths tre tn a small oyster can. Us
presented it to Mr. Crump In 1851, after
having provided a box for the tre and
nurd it growth until It was thre feet
The highest yearly yield from the
eld tree ha been 1.600 golden globes.
"not counting those th boy got away ' master of kings. Monarch had pros
with before w had 1 chanc to nick I trated themselves before thl puny Jig
them," aa Traft Crump aayr ' lur In the dark green coat, and tdnlght
I ' ,' ' v . --- .--.- -
'i . .. ' ,. . -: . v
City of Mexico Sw;
K K K
City of Mexico Telegram to Jhe New
York World. -
THIS authorities of the federal dls
trtct, who do nothing by halves,
..have swept . th gambling
houses so long protected by
law and custom Out of existence here.
and th gamblers, who had all along
boasted thst "nothing would come of all
the talk.': have' sat down In despair
or betaken themselves to Interior cities,
hoping to continue . "business" , on a
This reform has come gradually, th
first stsp having been to drive the gam
blers out of their houses in the center
of th city., wher they were a demoralt
Ixlng inflaenc and th cause of th
ruin of many young men intrusted with
funds of employers. When the gaming
houses were in the central streets and
open day and night it waa easy for a
young man who had collected a large
amount from th firm's customers to
drop In to try his luck. Th result) was
sometimes ruin and suicide, or, aa often
happened, relative bad to - mak-good
the money lost to th gamblers.
The gambling concerns long gav th
district government a dally revenue of
more than Il.ooo, and iwer practically
under the control of on man. who ac
cumulated a fortune and owned city
property, haciendas, etc. Being a chart
table man, b did much for needy per
sona . i ... .
The breaking up ef th gambling
houses mad a holeln the revenues, but
tho authorities had come to recognlss
the demoralisation caused by this vice.
The first step waa to send the gam
bler to streets remote from th center,
end, although they fitted up their es
tablishments aa "olubs," men who de
sired to gamble, had to take more
trouble to find them.
' One "club" was much frequented by
tourists from the United States a class
that ha always shown a keen desire to
gss on th tiger In hi den. It was
most proper, and decorous tourists who
used to haunt the little Monte Carlo tn
Tacubaya, a suburb of the city, left no
little money with the well-bred gam
blers. One of Th most Intelligent of" tha
gamblers explained that, after all. no
on lost In his place In a month what
would b easily dropped in Wall street
In a day.
. "W are all called .gamblers." he aald.
"but we do far less harm thsn do your
greet American market riggers and
high-class speculators." !
Th little Mont Carlo of Tacubaya
was a "qulnta," or country house, sur
rounded by a pretty garden, always with
grass and flowers and trees in lesf ths
year through. . Ths standard card games
were going on always, and, of course,
roulette, which hss so great a fascina
tion for tha women. The tourists would
flock out from ths city to try their lock
end sometimes would make lit to 1100.
Th story of their winnings would
spread through the hotels and tha next
evening there would be a rush to Tacu
baya. whsn "tourist luck" would sud
denly change. . , .
The Mexican professional- gambler la
almost Invariably a charming and Inter
esting person. Some gamblers are re
spectable persons, - and one old chap
with white chin whiskers might hav
been taken for a New England deacon
of strict views.' Others had a dashing.
romantic air. fetching with h fair sex.
Well might they all smile and preserve
their sang froid; their business wss
"sure thing." The greedy public. Intent
on winning, merited - th plucking of
tneir line leathers. ;
No persons ar more charitable, mora
heedful of a "hard luck" tory than th
professional gamblers. Often In the big
gambling-houses, now closed, a young
man wno nad lost bis last dollar was
taken aside and given money to break
the force of tils ruin. "I don't run my
place to rob children," the biggest gam
bler in Mexico used to say.
The employes of the gamblers wars
well paid and rarely- did they woo tha
gnddessv-vpf chance on their own account
Tha most Important gambler tn the
country left the cards alone. This man
would not permit one of his employes
to gamble: It meant instant dismissal.
People Jiave often asked' if a gambler
in Mexico was not in good social stand
Ing. Visiting Americans hav always
seemed to think that by no possibility
could " gambling-house proprietor In
this country be looked Upon as unfit
for general society. Yet the fact has
long been evident that "good society"
frowned upon gamblers and their fami
Th women folk of aambler mlrht
prfrtflaT t'osiiy jewtn gim wasr tasteful
gowns, but always the whisper would
Tou don't know them, of course.
They ar th So-and-So. ramblers, and
quit impossible." Thus th gambling
professionals and their women ar kept
on th fringe of society. There has long
been among th better classes a marked
aversion to "taking up" ths ladles Of a
professional gambler's family.
una or th tasks of th polio, acting
Under their strict orders, baa been to
Max Pemberton's Napoleon
AX PEMBERTON In hla latest
novel. "Th Hundred Days,"
has as the chief motlv Na
poleon's last throw for em
pire from th landing at FreJue to th
overthrow V Waterloo.
- Mr, Pemberton give ns a fine scene
where the emperor alone rides forward
on the march to Parla to overcome the
resistance of a regiment drawn up
across his path at Grenoble:
"Step by step, pregnant or: rat, a
figure that th whole world might have
watched with bated breath, the man of
destiny drew near his - children. To
him clearer, louder than to th others,
cam th vole of tb colonel com
manding hi men to make ready. He
did not flinch, did not hesitate. A bogle
rang out Again th vole cried "Fire!"
The emperor did hot draw back the
silence waa tha ellence of death. And
then "hla words, h magi r of that
tongue which none had ever resisted.
casting up frlsnd and enemy allk a
spell whose thrill was to be felt during
ths centuries: (
"Soldiers, you hav been told that I
fear death. If ther be on among you
who" would kill his emperor.- let him In
stantly plunge hi bayonet into this
bosom. . Here I am.' .'
"Ah! miracle of a nam of on man'a
genluat The answer came as upon the
tongue of tempest, a wild cry that
seemed to echo -every sentiment of
which the human heart la capable love,
triumph, sorrow, joy; a cry which know
neither, frtend nor foe, but th children
of Franc leaping to a father' knee,
th children at the gate of home, called
there from th wilderness to tho sanctu
ary they never mor would quit."
Her I hi plctur of an interview
Here, so eloa to blm that an out
stretched hsnd could have touched the
epaulette . upon th shoulder, was th
conqueror' of the western world, the
hunt out the poker dens, a
by Americans In aliie s .
Wher visiting American wou. -on
one pretext or anotner and 1
unmercifully. Stories have benn I
men who had lost their mnT 1
taken out to the auhurhe and r . J
to com back to the city or the
would arrest them and peck t
to prison. The victims Cf C ;
gamblera would b thrown tntu a t i
ef panlo and stsrt for anywhere.
man was -put on the king's hl"''
Aoapuloo and told to walk to th Feci.
eoaat. Th stranger to th country ann
Its ways la easily frightened and
usually keeps a still tongue In his bead
for fear of som dreadful hardening.
Many an American1 vit to tn ci-v
haa been a polled by such Incidents. Hav
ing no notion that th police would pro
tect the victim of sharpers, th ruined
man wss In fear of being apprehended.
What th gamblera reared waa that a
knowledge of their doings won Id come t
th ear of th authorities. Som mys
terious suicides ar attributable t tha
fright Induced among vtctlrae by th .
Ths authorities or tn reaerai aisinev
hav this year stopped the minor sort
of. gambling games at ths suburban
"ferlas or fairs. Th reason waa tb
plucking of th poorer sort ef people bv -game
palpably unfair. And it lsrr"
curloua faot that when "el jnego." or
gambling, la cut out of a country fair's 1
Lll III. . uiHHI,m ,H (W. ,
little Interest for th masse. '.
The example given by th federal 41s-
trtct government is likely to spread t
Interior States, and thus gambling In
a publlo and notorious manner will re
ceive its deathblow. For a long, tlm ;
th high play in th dub baa been
under the ban of tb law, and th pour t
hav enured their precinct at night tt '
see that th regulation were observed. f
Baccarat waa stopped In on great club.
It being charged with th ruin ef young ;
men In good society. Dice throwing ;
and mechanical apparatua for gambling
war forbidden In barrooms and govern
ment employes were menaced with dis
missal If caught gambling. Not a few !.
men lost their position in the gorera- ;
ment departments for thl cans.. - i
Thar has been .talk recently ef set-' '
tmg up a great Mont Carlo In some on
of th Interior states, remote from the ,
federal capital, but It t unlikely .that -the
government would tolerate it. - The '
avowed" policy of the high authorltle is '
to stop gambling. Of course it la lm- .
possible to prevent high play In private
families, but if it i known that gam-
bllng I a regular thing In any houe '
there are ways of . police interference i.
being made.' .
In th AM Anvm Mmhllns waa without
hindrance and in th mlddl of th last i
century th highest society of this city
would annually move out to San Au-
gustm. now Tialpam, pretty suburb ;
to th southwest of this city, for thre i
days of th most reckless play. The .
country houses would b thronged with .
guests, sometimes to in on house, th .
gentleman provided with large amounts .
Of money for thos wer th days -when
caballero played for ' golden
ounces and the " green . tables were;
stacked with tha yollow metal. . - ; j
During th annual gambling fiesta at i
San "Au giiitlh. a sort of " glortfted" TjN?i
nlo occasion, large amounta were lost or "
won. It waa "th thing" to play high. ,
and etiquette demanded th utmost im
perturbability among th players. Mn
nnteA fnr thai wealth wtuM lav 1 Attn .
ounce on a card and los them without
a chang of countenance. - It was not
uncommon for men to lose f 100,000 in -a
day or night Nobody bemoaned his
losses or exulted over his Winnings. ,
-All thl went m-In the midst of th5
nobleat scenery In ths world, th greet
white-topped volcanoes looking dowrv on
th charming garden and great sitn-i
slons of th opulent, wher th high '
play wss going on. Out on the grsas '
ladles, charmingly attired, danced with
their cavalier . and . muslo filled the
air. ...... , ' . ' .:
Th elite of society were there, and so, )
also, that strange claas of people who
down to th present tlm haunt alt j
country fairs In Mexico a Wandering, j
gypsy-ltks folk who seem nomadic and .
to hav no settled homes. Th pooreet
Indian could find gambling . booths 1
suited to his means and could gamble .
away his coppers. Th swells and the
pelade mingled In that democratic .
fashion which Is one of the -strange y
featuraa of Mexican Ufa on gala ooc- i
slons. All was animation and order.1!
reigned. It was a tropical carnival, in
Ita way. a time when rich aad poor felt
themseivss stirred by a common pas- ,
sion. . . r
In a minor way all this hss been
common down to within two years. At '
county fairs hav been seen in the
Jewels and best gown seated near men
of ordinary clans and Indians clad In
cotton cloth. ' with tbelr blankets over ,
their shoulder, reaching out between i
the gentry to wager their eentavoe. .'
Gambling obliterated social rank. . '
By and by there will be her a mod
ern stock exchange, and parhap tbr
will be brokera who will hsve speculat
ing parlors set sslde for women, and '
peoplo will b ruined In ' th modern
way. ) , .
he, who had been named a forever!
Outcast, th ngur of a lost causa, the t
whipped monster, th decrowned par-1
venu, here from th palac h dictated
that appeal to hla oidirs which one ,
mor should open th floodgates of hi 7
ambition and pour a stream ef death
and biood npon th placid field of v
Europe." ;'. ,
.. And last scene of all: ' .. . -
"Thl waa not tb Napoleon of j
Jena and Austsrltta, nor ven the
Napoleon ot Lelpatc. How stout he
had grown; how the fat wrinkles upon
his flabby beaks; how thin th vole '
had becoma! And yat It could not. p'
denied that th perception waa a keen f
as vr, and th ambition aa nqunrh-
abl. Th vary desperation, th patbetit
arnatnsa of th spoken wrda de-'
nled a mental deterioration .or any
abatement of thos gigantic power ol
will and foresight y which h had i
om to Immortality." ;
A Xafe-Saviag Ca.
From th Solentlflq American.
A London tailor has Invented a new
life-saving coat and gaiters, with which
Is It ponslbls for " a-petson---clothed
therein to maintain an upright position
when Immersed In the water, even If
not possessing any knowledge of swim
ming. The coat resembles In appearance an
ordinary pilot cost, but it is fitted with
an air belt which is Inflated with
through a tube. The galtera eaeh t'ii
tw pound and r fitted alth l
brass wings or blade fastened to' the
back of the heel. As the weerer ' e
his feet In the water these wlnts eren
snd shut snd not only p-opel the wrr
along like oars, but enable him to malt
tain an upright position froia the .t
upward in tne water.
A practical demonstration ef the
Utility of the Invention waa t':.'
undertaken in the Kivr TMmn by
Inventor snd Its erf Id-f and 1;
tv1ng qualities clears -" ' .Wn,
w.aa moving sgalnat i,a tola.