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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
ortoon. . , -; -.11 I cln'ifino. 11 . ''i.y' lI - Ik) '( .. : . -h, :Xu:i I;- -
THE .1 ORE GON. iS.UND AY. J OURNAL
X'- n ..' INDBFE NDE NTj-; tl B W,S PAPER
i'OWJSHED 'Bv Journal1;; pujJtisHiNQ ca
JNO. p. CARROLL
.7THK. NEED BECOMES MORS APPARENT. ;
HE AGREEMENT between the three supposedly
competing companies, which divide the business
-fvf-ih northwest imontf themselves, havins ex-
KpWik a fresh one is now in pness of construction and
;i ; it is reasonable to suppose that the rights of the people
will be liven unite a Iittleconideration as they hare
been in the past. , lender the agreement which prevailed
, certain sections have been completely bottled up. ' No
" matter, how much the interest of one foW might call
' lorhe building of o "extension no move could be made
without the consent of the two other roads to "the agree-
.Tnenr. "This naturally paralysed, railroad building art the
. sections affected. Besides, the rates, as in western Idaho
7: !. and eastern-Washington and Oregon, -were fixed "iipon I
'. - basis of the longest and most difficult haul. -.The natural
v haul from that aectioo is to Portland. It is a.ater level
V all the way And some of the biggest trains in the country
' are hauled down the Columbia: . BuTowinglo this agree
' - ment, which not only divided territory, but retarded its de
. ; .i velopment, the cost of hauling' by the natural route was
: based upon the cost, plus a good profit." of the haul over the
longest and by far the more difficult route.-'. The building
; - of gap of 80 miles.' in the O..K, it N. between Riparia
Vand Lewision 'would give water level haul from that
. '-' city to this. It would be to the obvious advantage of the
O. R. & N. to. build this .extension, it has promised to
V build it, but the. agreement with .the other roads inter
vened, hence no relief has been afforded and there is
" little prospect it will be, in case the matter is left as it is.
It all goesio show 'the overshadowing importance of
the river in this enterprise.; Suppose the river were
' opened. It' would then be matter -of complete. Jndif
k ference toihe shippers what railroad combination "was in
'' vogue; the river , was open to. them and ready to, carry
away what' they had to-ship, i Instantly the whole face
""of things would be "changed.." With this new transpor-
.tationJactojrto thefore the jeople wouldLno -longer
be at the mercy of the' railroads, but the railroads would
be obliged to meet the new set of condltioris'presented
to .them. Not-only would rates then" be based on the
water level haul, but the profits would be, cut down-to
the proportion that prevails west of The Dalles.' ; ' )
" f- The more the matter 4s-fe lrrto the Tnord "tlearly
. is "recognised the-vital importance of the river if , we
. are to secure any m'eaaurc of commercial, independence.
. : ' The ball can be set rolling by putting boats on the upper
rTtverio supplement the portage road. .The coming meet"
ing of .the Development league, should do everything in
- its power to aid this project but. back of it should stand
. all other commercial bodies and back of them the people
whose interests would be so well served by -thus com
pleting the last link in the chain of Oregon's latest and
greatest public transportation enterprise.-.. ';
PUTTING TAXATION ON ATJEW BASIS.'
TAX'LEVY of 4 per cent a. year does not present
an alluring prospect to a, man inclined to .invest
in-itr real estate; neither does It arouse any en-
j, thusiasm Tn the patient breast of.the- mad -who has al
ii ready invested jr (can, of-course, be explained that the
tax Assessment is, low but this is. one of those, thkms
' which should explain itself without need of further ex
l planation. 'When, to thi-is superadded the fact of glar
I ing inequalities in assessment and, the certainty that he
burden wiH fall heaviest on those leas ajble to ' bear
them it is not surprising that there, should be sVery gen
- eral conviction that something should be dQneto afford
'f. There Is a very general movement" among the county
t 'assessors all ovr the state ;to bring the assessed valua
" ! tion practically to a cash basis. j In some few cases and
t in some classes of property it now runs dangerously and
disproportionately jiigh; in some others if perhaps will
j. not go over 20 per cent; in still others it may reach 40
and, finally, much personal property -altogether escapes
taxation. "... The public , would have no objection to a
raise in the assessment roll from $50,000,000 to say $150,
) 000.00f)rovided It CQti)d..bc.JLaaured-that ths tax levy
-"-rasTSbTraTsed'cofTespondingly and that money thus se
. cured was not riotously spent. That the public instinct
, is-not at fault is made clearly manifest-by the stories that
'vjj-fonie JrthLabout, grafting iii connfcfionwith.o
many public contracts. ' This seems to prove that with
, more money things would be even worse and the corre
j s ponding -showing in results achieved would' be nothing
to Drag aoout. mere ts little encouragement attoroen
by the list of men who aspire to Jhe office of council-
men. Among them are good men who would be of great
use in the council but there are many others that the
worst political machine might, be delighted to claim for
its own,"' If the council is thus to be made up there will
be no consent forthcoming from Portland to a raise in
the assessment rolL It is possible, however. that there
will be independent nominations in the -various wards
and that men may be induced to stand for the nqmina--f
tkjns who would ender the public the high class of serv
ice whichls now demanded. "But this stage" has not yet
"been reached. rw.-'-7.'wi;,'..::;; -.Jr'-r
With one feature of the proposed reform in assess-
f ment methods there must be general assent. That is
that Improved property is taxed too high in relation to
, unimproved ' property. . Whatever the basis , of assess
. i mem finally, fixed this relative circumstance should be
.. j kept closely hvview- and the man who -helps the city ,by
putting up a building should hot be made to pay a pen
- alty for the enterprise which he; thus shows and the
'benefit which ie thus confers On nil the property own-
t rs as well as the,city-iUelf
Ir.i A tPPRECIATE YOURSELVES and vonr rw,.-
V"A . sessions and the world will appreciate both. In
1 i y other words, be happy with what you have 'and
' r the world will be happy with you. ' . ' . r
in Friday's columns of The JdurnaL His philosophy
.is simple, even-old but newrn sdipration, especially in
Oregon." Oregon "of "ill the world was first to depreciate
tr;'jitslf -That used to be so, but it is not io much so as
it was.' If is not a coincident that the world's ippre-
eiation- Ttmes-wtth-appreciation- Of th r irrrer fl T?crp
'.' J, . When Oregon began to appreciate itself, became happy
Vi its environment and." Contented with, its lot, Others
: investigate.? . ine source oi mis sereniry. iney. came,
. - 'they saw andwere conquered. This yesr. will see the
'X; STtnttit western pilgrimage, and it is to Oregon and "the
. northwest," , Oregon- started the movement by telling the
''world of unclaimed empires here. ' - ; ' -' JLZ"
v people Ihe" glories,' of the land. , Dr. Hibbard'sysuggeK
' t tions -unfold new resources.' Traveled , men attest, peer
V , lest beadties of mountain, river and ea. The worth of
. , " these is the esteem in which they are held. ' Aid the
, , ' world to see and appreciate them; tell the visitor of yoiir
' ..Willamette falls, .Columbia bar, Clatsop forests' apd
' ,.:..ve'7 naturatbauntjof grandeur should be at the tongue's
p. i Figures of, equable climate are also good subjects
i . . for frequent I'rpotation.":'v y":f - ;',. ;
" i. But throughout the yesf and or all ti'mes appreciate
.Ofegoni and tell, the world of thiv-sppteeietion.- Your
enihu5usnr will win for the state its richest harvest.
i -why Not gardens on vacan lots? .
y -V.'".- I'll! l-K-fZ .". rr-
HY SHOULD NOT great many of the va-
v; cant lots and blocks within the city limits oi
. . PnrftinJ hs arm nnfc (n ho htlilt on immed-
lately be turned into Tpotato. patches" yegetaDie- gar
dens? 'There may be no such urgent reason for doing
this here as in large eastern cities, yet it would be good
thing for a great many people, and would not appre
ciably hurt rural farmers and trujk gardeners.
.'Philadelohis has i deservedly, bad . reputation polit
ically, but in some other respects it sets an example well
worth studying and imitating, !. Jt is .preeminently-, 'the
city of homes. . It is said that proportionately more peo
ple own their pwn homes there than in any .other city.
This is due in a Urge"measure to a "safe and sane ex
ploitation there from 20 to 40 years ago. of the building
and loan, association idea.' This scheme ran into ex
cesses and abuses afterward, ,there, - here, and every
where, but the people of ,( Philadelphia were -greatly
profited by'i"-:'':'.;';"v;:1 v ; -V? "''' Kr::i-!'"-'- A' 'W"? 'hf
'.-Now Philadelphia has a Vacant. Lot associatidn' whose
experience proves conclusively that the farming of va
cant lpts is a very practical and helpful policy, both in
hard times and good times. ' This work was started there
m 1897; with an aggregate area of 27 acres of city lots,
loaned by owners for this purpose, 'These "were 'divided
into 100 gardens, cultivated by as many families, com
prising 528 people. ;. The total cost to those contributintj
labor, seed, etc waa $1,825, making the cost 118.25 per
garden. The value of the products was $5,955, or nearly
$60 per' garden. That was the. first year;' in 1903, 'six
years later, there were 275 acres, 768 gardens; 3,600 peo4
pie' in the. families cultivating them, a. cost to contrib
utors of $437, or"$6.16 per garden,: and a total product
f $36,000, or $47 per garden. This lattei1 figure is the
lowest reached in the seven yesrs, however, owing ton
Umusua! drouth in 1903. In 1902 . the average product
I - tA , , - , it . ' r z t . 1 I
wa-ao.or per . Karaen, ana ine average lor mc wuoio
period was over $53, and the average cost of producing
this amount was $7.40. . Every dollar expended returned
between seven and eigbt dollars ot tneiui looastuos.
But this as not the most important result ' Many poor
families have had more and better ioodnrgently needed
and surely healthful food, that they could not have other
wise procured. More important still, in hundreds of
breasts hope, replaced despair; healthy-activity corroding
inertia, humble cmbitibn wearying discouragement, and
many were thus rescued front pauperism and misery
and prompted ,to become self-supporting and self-respecting
citizens. Yet again, hundreds of .boys were
thus '.trained to lives of industry and self-support who
would otherwise hve lived in the idleness that breeds
mischief and rime..;."-'- ; ' ' V -i U '
As already said, we do not need such a work here so
much, as it jk needed in larger cities, where there are
more poor and almost helpless and hopeless people;' yet
when one sees the hundreds of . blocks arid thousands of
lot of good, fertile? idle soil within the large limits of
this city, he wonderi why a good many of them, unused
byJthcir owners, might not be "pttt'to This; useful and
helpful purpose. , : . A--'-. t ' ---'':'l!k :
; ABAS THE CIOARETTE.
7' '. '1
NDIANA AND WISCONSIN both passed stringent
ti-cigarette laws last winter, in spite of herculean
golden-htfed efforts' to defeat them.' and. last
week an Indiana youth was fined $50 for smoking a
cigarette.. : A.:.' ' v ' i '
JThe cigarette is being tabooed in moral, business and
social circles, and an anti-cigarette law will find firm
support now everywhere. ..The evils of cigarette smok
ing may have beenexaggerated.by some; probably .a
moderate indulgence 1n cigarettes by healthy" adults does
no appfeciable harm; but that" cigarettes have been the
main means of ruin of tens of thousands of boys there is
no room to 'doubt ' . '
'Most business men will not employ people who smoke
cigarettes. A big business, man of-Chicagor-who voices
the sentiments of employers generally, says: "I can't
use men who smoke cigarettes. I can get . along without
them. Nd man who needs wide-awake, active, reliable
men and boys can afford to employ cigarette smokers.
TJiedrinker is a source of worry, but the cigarette fiend
is worse. 7 There Ta""e6melhirig
manhood and character as 'well as health. ; A cigarette
smoker becomes- dishonest and unselfrespecting."
There Is 'abundant testimony of the same' sort Young
women and girls are coming to look with disfavor if
at all upon--the 'confirmed cigarette smoker. ; The -boy
who begins the practice is sure to indulge, in it toexcess,
and this excess spells sure ruin. . The miserable little
things ought not to be allowed to exist as a commercial
commodity, but since they do though happily to a less
exteot Xhanformerlythe police power of the stats
should put forth its arm to punish with educational and
restraining severity those who thus bestrew. their sys
tems with weA seeds, ''' v'V,' ',- X, :,,;.; i '"
;' PAUL JONES' PROPER RESTING PLACE.
HE BONES of John Psul Jones should'rest'.in
'American soil. . Native at KMtlsnrl. arlmirit nl
- j ' France, admiral of Russia, citizen of the world,
he a after all peculiarly an -American product, typify
ing many Of it highest ideals and exemplifying all of -its
highest hopes and aspirations, What an extraordinary
career was that of the poor- peasant boy,' born - Paul,
christened John Paul and dying John Paul Jones. , A
sailor by instinct and inclination, a comntsnder by, train-;
ing and intuition, he nevertheless vpent many happy
years in studious and elegant ease in VirgtrlTa, the heir
of his brother and brother's guardian, the friend, intimate
and 'trusted confident of . men whose , names . form the
glorious galaxy of the -revolutionary day.' t - :
Other men were given. precedence at the organisation
of our so-called American navy, but places slipped from
their-nerveiest hands leaving him its competent and; tut
contested-father. -In-thannsls of naval warfare he
achieved deathless fame in the fight of the Bon Homme
Richards, with, the. Scrapie where Kieither "the treachery
of associates, . the difference in nationality of his crew,
tor they were more than nail frenchmen, the difference
rnrvreighf nd-powr And-meOrtheiacMhftVhM-wrirri
was sinking; when he forced the enemy to strike-her
colors, counted absolutely nothing to him. On the quar
ter deck a perfect lion of courage who infused 'his twn
high resolves into the most cowardly of h crew; in
th-e drawing "room an ideal Prince Charming, with rare
elegamce-and- grace of manner, perfect taste in dress, the
morelthan friend of. the.JFrench royal Jsmilf, yet with
clearly' understood-and --well - defined -views ; onVthaj
broader democracy upon which all civilized. rovefrrtherita
must be baaed. Had 'Jones-lived five -years bngecJj,
is not impossipie to conceive that the whole course oi
history might ' have been changed. With such af roan
in 'command of the French" n'aVy and Napoleon, in com
mand of the land forces, with the" proven ability to get
cot of the French sailors hat last degree of courage and
efficiency which no French Commindef was then able
to attain,Nelson would have found on the -ocean a man
entirely worthy of his genius and who- csn sav what the
result might have been? Jones had been selected for
admiral of France and had. committed .himself t h
work, but death intervened, leaving the world to specu-j
late, from what he had dohe to what be might have done.
' The United States owed much directly and indirectly
to Jones. A master of the French language he was ot
profound service to Franklin, our ambassador at Paris.
No name his done more to fire the patriotic young heart
of America than'that of Paul Jones and few graves would
be more reverently approached. His proper place Is here,'
ine jana o nis aaoption, uie land wnicn gave nim tame
and which will always reverence his memory. -' ;
BIO DEMAND FOR CAPABLE MEN.
nr-.'. - '"".t'-.' . i".:eissaa. x-'' v -' . -'t. ;i,rh
QUNO MAN, don't despise mechanical or manual
: jlabor. Don't rush into one of the professions
as the only avenue of success. ' The world calls
riot for more lawyers, doctors, preachers and editors, but
for more men who can make things, manage -things, do
things . along mechanical and material and; manigerial
!ines.,y;: '. :,:-.' . ' : v-'.. '-;'' .', r'V
,' Presidertt ' Roosevelt was awhile" ago looking for "a
$100.000-a-year man.! ; .That .phrase Ws an exaggera
tion, but he found a man to whom he offered $30,000 x
year as chief engineer tf the Panama canal, a job that
will probably last anywhere from 12 to 20 years. The
general public had never heard of Theodore P. Shdnts
before, but in middle life he had worked his way up in
the -engineering "and railroad world to bepresumably
worthy of this appointment x Another man who for an
indefinite period will draw a salary. pf $20,000 a.year,is
Mr. Grunsky of California, appointed as consulting, cn?
ginee l'. . '.-" ) . ; ' " ' . V. -:-!. . - -Vi - ' , ' i .'. :'
.-These are only two illustrations, Jlot everybody can
be great, civil engineers, nor great mining experts, like
John Hays Hammond, who can earn probably $50,000 a
year or more; but the whole developing world is calling
for such men, and that 'they are, scarce these great, sal
aries prove. - . .- j ".--i ".. :i i'v' . " Vy .
Mr. Rockefeller is said to have a standing offer of an
enormous salary to a man who can take charge of the
Standard Oil interests, which he knows he. tnust soon
perforce resign. Not long ago a railroad'company ad
vertised for a. large number of men for important 'ex
ecutive positions, at high, salaries, and could not get them
all m - ' '''y-' t v' v?i--":-""?;'r vv:,,
strategy; keep pace with the march of the world; get a"
fcommon" education and then, if you must forsake, the
country and the farm which is the best-place for most
pf." you et . a. speciah'-techtiical education " along some
certain line, following your bent, :. But be sure what your
bent is., The chances are a thousand to one that it isn't
the law, or, the gospelor materia medica, or editorial
tnordization and ratiocination. Then go but and go to
workfor a railroad, in a machine shop,' in a furniture
factory any one of a thousand industrial "fines"." Take
off your swell clothes and go to work. Begin at the foot
of the ladder. - If you have good legs and a good
head it is easy to climb yet not so very easy. T It takes
work, lots of work, good, faithful, diligent, intelligent
resourceful,, productive work, ij. Exercise your muscles.
Hobnob with real workingmen. Don't search for some
grievance of excuse to strike.-' Give' yodremployer I
more than his money's worth' rather than less. Keep
away from the whisky and beer joints.- Study as well as
work." And then,- if it s in you, you II get fhere. "
; Don't despise-the dinner bucket nor the Ilannel shirt
nor-the grime of shop, nor the comradeship, of work
ingmen. J- Ogden Mills -says: "Every great business
in the United States has become a profession m -itself,
and it has become imperative for men to begin irt the
machine shops and. work, their -way up., The railroads
and shops have more and more instances of men of good
families who carry dinner pails and work with tOolsand
machinery, the same as anybody else. This is not only
invaluable to a man because, he masters his trade tech
nically, but there are conspicuous examples of the value
of such men to their employers being, quickly appre
elated." ' -.7 . "X ' ' : .
Instances and quotations might be multiplied. ; The"
wdrldtwas never so fuu of opportunities as now for
young men wno reauy mean business. .,- :'
-i ! THe'oNLY' REAL LOt AL tSSUK
HAT IS THE ISSUE, hriand npw, In the sn
' proaching!. election? , Party cuts no figure, in
- 11.' Aiie wnoie question is summea up in one
phrase honest and capable city government,' :-; ".:
This includes morality, uprightness, decency, respect
for and enforcement of all laws.- " - '
r Now this city wants a mayor and councilmen; and an
auditor, and a chief -of pouce,-and a city attorney, who are
not grafters, -or' trimmers, or- double-dealers, or' syco
phants, or incompetent and pretending hangers-on of
the .body, politic .We "want live.tapable, honest, cour
ageous, duty-doing men in these positions. . 1,.
7. We speak for the people. .The people are going to try
to get some of this class of men next June. They will
not entirely fail They will get more of such men later.
The world is marching forwards " It will eliminate .the
grafting politicians after awhile. The process is going
on right here. It, has' made a fair start -'
Pay no attention to party or personal prejudice!;
pick the . best available men. 'That is what-you want,
Meat vv i i ;"'. i . i . :' , .
EXTREME PENALTIES FOR SUCH OFFENSES.
.MAN has been bound over to the grand jury to
answer a serious charge following up tbs abduc-
bj tion of a little girL . Some time ago there waa a
case of the same -sort in the courts And the defendant
upon conviction was sentenced to 30 days imprisonment
A case of this sort is so Serious and so intimately at
fects the. whole public that examples should hereafter
be made of all such offenders. -In -every case they are
entitled upon conviction to ihe full penalty of thelaw.
That-this man failed in his purposes, in nowise alters
the character of his oense. liis very, attempt puts him
outside the pale of tivilired society. He' is entitled to
no consideration and should receive, none from prosecn
tor, court or jury. - His proper place is in the penitentiary
and the term of his imprisonment should be limited only
-..a . . a. . . a . .
oy me extremes!-sate permitiea oy tne statutes.
1 ' ;the.' EArrra;ncr2.'-':;
IjjrTHBI days of sprint totnV rads
T. 1 with promise, it Is ' .ir.nr
r."vJL"rlMltur" that ttmersUrrW InU'r
- jutcin- n ine netory of -th ne
mssob over th old, af the rtom ot lit
after deth'. ' Every ijwell1n bud-anl
openln owr.l pennant wavlns 1
triumph over th nalda where ths Ton'
flsbt b(wMn if and death has bee
waged. The flowers apeak of more thai
the paselnr time, they speak tf th,
.pasalne-- of. the tyrant who robbed, u
of them Mast jreaiv 7..- '
Baster la mors than a church. As af
the : creaUoS the mornlna atarS aanj
tostber..aa.at,thla7new oreatkm of an
other year beauty the birds, the. tree
the flowers, the weeds of . the wayatdti
Join In their great ormtacto of happlneea
It Is the birthday of hope, . He -who- ha)
never seen., the chansea oi the awaeoi
aola-ht well have wept bitterly- wb
utumn's wioda aweptbare tbe tra.an
th . flowers, drooped ' la the . cardena
IhlDktna- that he waa blddlnc than tare
well forever. How now would j he rel
Jotce at their return te rears. .q sprins'
that death' had been wtth them no moH
than aeemlna-. lta victor a.- mmmJ
Oradually. aa theanHna- oaoia veai-art.J
yean he would lean the arreat aaone al
nature, mat an lta cadlnr are bat be
ainiunsra, mat ma can never ceaaa to be
wr too. oirtnuay r hopeln
greater realm. -- Our Uvea are but J
amsne eeaeona; tnen cornea, the autumn
the fallln leaf.; We smr thla la the end
there will be no more the flower . the l.r
the-life; the dread winds' of winter"' am J
their dirges of dee pair. - But it the -inmA
ot the wayside is worth brihaliUT back' tc
Its brief beauty. If the buds break tortt
asin on -the-trees. U It poaslbte' thai
ourHvee' haVe-Bo returntne. iprtnxua
after their , winter r Is there only but
set of. seasons for humanity f Are wi
separated from the law .that no Ufe carl
eeaae to beT flown In sorrow., lilt aeadJ
In th fall, shall we not come to a faircrl
llfet. And every llvtnsr thin, in. all eurl
fair world anawera clear that. "Ufa ll
lord of 0ath."- a- -"-.r
Tke Annual; Significance. o JEaster.
EA8TEB is a ChrtatUn festival.
: oommemorattng the reaurreotloo
,' of Chrlat Trom the dead. In the
economy f of. ; Chitatlanlfy,' -1 the
fact of Christ's' resurrection holds the
essential - place which St. Paul aaalams
it ta his preaching to the Gentiles. "If
Chrlat be not riaen again, then la our
nraaihinvln. im your faith la also
vain." . According to the explicit declar
ations of the same, apostle, belief la
the resurrection lsn Integral and' tn
dispensable -portion Of the Christian
creed. "For If Uiou eonfeaa with thy
mouth the Lord Jesus, and believe la
thy heart that Ood hath raised Him up
from the dead, thou ahalt be saved." .
The opponents i of revealed relialos
have practically accepted St Paul a es
timate of the- importance of the' resur
rection la the edifice ot Christian faith,
for, while they are not - unanimous as
tothe manner of attack, they are gen
erally agreed, that thio besle truth must
be gotten rid of. And In this they are
not unreasonable. . The 6enlal of . the
resurrection of Jesus Christ Involves
the . total rejection of Christianity.
From the time of the apostles, down to
our own day; all preachers of Christian
ity have built Vupon the resurrection;
and Christ- Himself, Implicitly appealed
to it ' as the incomparable "work"
which would forever vindicate His char
acter, and His claims, , 'Destroy - this
temple, and In three days I will raise
it tip." His enemies understood the Im
port of His - prophetle words, for Bt
Hark tells us that -the chief priests
and Pharisees came together , to Pilate
saying, '"air. We have remembered what
that sedueeir. said, whila he was yet
alive,' titer three ' days l will rlss
again,' .(''.;"-. ..-.';.. $ . .-v.r.
- Tftat'Chrtst literally fulflUed His own
prophecy, and rose again from the dead
"on the Ihltsf'day" is an unasaaflabia,
hlstorloal fact The risen Christ ap
peared many times, .in many places and
to many witnesses. ,. Those who beheld,
Him were not credulous enthuslaats,
the easy victims of fraud or hallucina
tion, they were on the contrary, hon
est. Ood-fsarlng men, possessed of those
qualifications which render any witness
worthy of respect and confidence. The
conduct of Thomas typified the atti
tude of all those who with; hopeless
sorrow, mourned His cruel death. x
eept I shall see tn His hands the print
of the nails, and put. my fingers Into
the piece of the nails; and put my hands
Into His side, I will not believe." The
testimony of his- fellow apostlei did not
shake the incredulity .of Thomas. It
was only when Thomas beheld his risen
saviour with bis own eyes and had ex
ssnined His wounds with his own hands,
that professed his faith in the- simple
declaration, "My Lord and My TJod-'V
'It is the reality of Christ's resurreo
ttoa which" makes Easter Sunday a day
of Joy and consolation. The Ignominy
of the crucifixion was effaced la the
glory of the resurrection, and He who
had taken the form of servant - ap
pears on Easter morn la the anequaled
splendor of the Xing ef Kings. . During
His public ministry. Ha. had made, sing
ular claims,- Ha had preached . extraor
dinary' doctrines. Ha bad claimed un
limited "sway over' the niladd and heartsi
of - men; Ho " made Himself .the sole
worthy object of aaan'e faith-: SMeve.
To Justify His demand He , produced
His divine, credentials, and .Hla .triunP
over death was the tln proof that, Hi
was la truth, jtha Son of. .0id. th
teacher of Heavenly doctrine, ..the sav
Looking , back upon ' that .' eventful
morning and - th significance of Its un
paralled event. - wa can - gala strength
for our conviction,- that Christianity Is
mora than , worldly wisdom, that Jeans
Christ waa mors than man. , The world
may refuse to accept the-angels' .mes
sage, "He Is risen. He la not hers.1 but!
unbelief cannot shatter Conclusive-a vt
denoe, and lneredultty cannot invalidate
the elajim ot the - rtseo Christ. Th
church of Chrlat Is the Unanswerable
argument for the resurrection, sad nine
teen centuries of Christianity have not
been built upon a myth. - If wa seek a
lesson on this great festival of the
Christian year, let It find expression la
that consoling, strengthening hone.
which St Paur held out totheChris-
nana or nia own nay. -iror ir tnou con
fess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus.
and believe tn thy heart that Ood hath
raised - Him - up from - th dead, thou
Shalt be saved. i ; - ' ' ,4. .
-. i.' , : -.. . a; cRRismt, ' ;
. : (' Archbishop of Oregon. City. .
From United BUtes Consul Dledertch,
.- - r b reman.; Oermaay." .7
It Is, of Interest to note the great
changes whld)i have taken place in' the
banking business ot Oermany during the
last few yesrs, owing to the concentra
tion t a- large number of the leading
financial institutions. , Xn characteris
tic features that the, capita) stock of
th leading banks Is. Increasing ateadlly.
the capital ot many smaller banks being
put' under their ' control, .for busi
ness 'purposes, all banks eo 'united or
consolidated participating In- the entire
business of the combine, thus enlarging
their fields of operation. For this rea
son, -there exist today only a fw provin
cial banks that are doing business Inde
pendently of others, while the most be
long to one or other of th groups here
inafter mentioned., . .:
The first group, under the leadership
of th Dentsch bank. Berlin, consist of
14 banks with an aggregate capital stock
of f 10. S4I.000. ! T obtain a correct
Ma of the amount of csnltal st the dis
posal of this combine. It most be borne
In mind that a targe part Of the capital
stock mentioned Is .) owned, mutually.
Nevertheless. If 1 th reserve funds are
coiinled "Tri " inr-are-'toB.- thaFTTiTi
group of hanks controls -.over . $111,-
000.000. ... . 7 r.-. vt '..!-T. '. 7
' The' second group of banks so com
bined Is headed by th Dresdenr bank,
Dresden, and Is composed ot eight banks
with sn sggregste capital stock ef $77,.
031,000. ; .
A third group consists of four banks.
under tha leadership of the Darmatadter
bank, of . tHurfstadt, with an aggregate
capital stock of '14MJ8.000.
Still , another . group, , the , fourth. Is
composed of four banks, under the lead
ership of th. 01skonlogeaels!hsff, with
an aggregate capital -stock of 1,1SJ.
10. ... . v..
- JTls Shown Iri a recent rcDOrt that
-during, tha last three years 17 banks
(stock companies) with a capital of 13,-
71,0l - were absorbed .by tha proceas
of eentrallsatlon; and It la expected
that other large concerns, among them
the Berliner bant with a 'caDltal stock
of tio.eeo.oos. wilt Join the number laj
tne near future. - ,
;- From the New Tork Sun.
-By-JunS" next the Cap-twCalrdr rail
way will be completed northward to Ka
lorno; the administrative center of West
Rhodesia, or Bacotseland. A further ex
tension of 20 miles beyond Kalomo.wlQ
be reached early next year. ; This sec
tion will be built by th Mashonaland
Railway company. There will then- be
continuous railway communication from
Cape Town to within 100 miles of the
southeast corner . of - the -Congo Free
Ptate. a total distance' of t.OOS mile.
For the KaJomo-Broken Hill extension
end for other necessary development of
the country the Mashonaland Railway
-company Is about to Issue per cent de
bentures td the amount of 112,600,000,
guaranteed by -th British South Afrioa
compsny.-'- ; -v-. ' -. ;- '
..' SK SUIOTIIO ClUfTUBT. '
, . From the lew Tork World. '
Senator Chauncey H. Depew, high au
thority upon matters of practical rail
roading, said to - the Transportation
ClUb: .....-.77 ''-"..; --r .-
"I predict that 19 years from tonight
th steam locomotive will be In the
museums, while 'We. will be - carried
along, clipping the seconds off 75 miles
sin hour.-Hylsctrtc locomotive;''"" T
Five years . ago the belief or most
engineering experts , was that electri
traction was bound to become universal
for suburban service where short snd
frequent- trains are desirable, but that
steam locomotives would long continue
to haul heavy trains upon - extended
run; "Mr. Depew' statement -shows
how - very rapidly the electric .century
Is getting Its stride. '. " - .j
yiesene X. f 9. Bella. -
The little school house In the . unoer
peninsula In Michigan in which Justus
H. Re th bone In 1000 wrote the ritual foe
the Knights of Pythias has been bought
by a aymllrat or, memoer, who will
present It to' th order. It' will proba
bly b snovad to Detroit. - ...
X. K. mogsrs as a Tlmepleoe. . .
From' the1 "World's Work! ' '
".One or the traditions at the Standard
Oil building, xt No,. 21 Broadway New
York, Is that Henry H.- Rogers, vlee
prealdent of the StaJidard.OU company,
arrives and departs exactry at 10:10 Is
the morning and 3:30 in the afternoon.
One morning recently the veteran watch
man who stands -at the Broadway en
trance to the building was seen to take
out. hla watch wbea Mr- Rogers hurried
In, look at it, and conndently, set It
forward IS minutes. For. among -the
distinguishing t characterlstlca of Mr.
Roger Is a regard that almost tmqitnU
t a reveres for time, and those who
know, him are aware of It s .-
t' i i i i ii i i ii ( -
'.':'; .. INmbtless. .'..., !
T. 7 , i From theV'hlrsgo Tribune. ' '
The Rev. Dr. Oladden doubtless Will
treat th subject more fully In tb Mag-
ssines, . ... .- .i ' , - a
tov otrasr to nrow.;
XysBSv .by: lot aOes-toa.) '1
The Rv. John Ellerton (London, De
cember It, 132S White Roding, list)
Is the author ot a number of our most
stately pf our familiar modern hymns.
He wss. a clergyman of th English
Episcopal church, educated at 'Trinity,
Cambridge, spending hla life In ' quiet
country churches and . writing, thase
beautiful hymns. 'This Easter hymn he
gave to the public In IMS as a rendering
or tn -naive, reata dies- or Fortunatus.
The old Latin version Is the on which
Jerome of Prague -I sard to have sung
on his way to death at the- stake. The
English version, by Ellertoh, will prob
ably be sung on- this Raster, Sunday
morning In almost every church all over
the world Wherever that - tongue 1
spoken.)-. ";..- -V
Welcome, happy mom Ing I' Age to iags
shall say ... -,-', '"i.
Hell today 4s vanquished, beeves Is won
.- j. today! ' M , ; 7 , .
Lo! the dead Is living, Lord fdr ever
. mon't 7vV...-. . -? ;-,w
Him, their true Credtor. all hi works
? adore! v,.'''" ;.'V-.'V'iri:-v
Mak errand Redeemer, life 'and healtttof
Thou, from heaven 4 beholding ' human
nature's fall. ' -r.'f.
Of th -Father's godhead true and only
-' i : sob."--'" 7 . -' ,-. . -. 1 . . -.
Manhood to deliver, manhood didst Put
Thou,- of -If f - th-.t)Mr( -death-did
' undergo, 1 -' . ,-t -. ,,
Tread the" path - of . darkness, saving
atrength, to shew. ',''": - rJ! '
Come, then, true snd,. faithful, now
fulfill thy word; :';.
'TIS thine ' own third mornmgf , rise, p
buried Xiord, : j 717...
Loose th souls lonr prtoeined, bound
with Satan's chain; , -
All that how is fallen rale to Ufa Igmln;
Show thy face in . brighpiaas). hid - the
nations sea, '-.'- . ' ,
Bring again our daylight;' day, returns
"T-frWlth- Theef -r-,:.;r
Manhood to deliver, mai
,- .'--on. ' ,i
J. Oar OrrerslfleA IiidSSSHasi , -
v From the Fremont, Neb.,-TTibun.
. There may be too much or too little
rain st the critical time to make the
Nebraska corn erop what It should be;
there may be an Invasion of the wheat
fields by Hessian files, but tha baseball
outlook in ' Nebraska waa never better.
U la good to-know ouf Industries are so
diversified they can ardjy.aU suffer
"" t one, f-y a
This Is th message af the Eastertide.
a new life out -of UleV -death. Death
has lost Its . terrors. . Instead of a -prison
It .has become aa -avenue. Jusv.es we
new rejoice when a new life cornea Into
our world, so shall we also rejoloa when
a life goes out. knowing that it goes into
larger living, a fairer springtide .awaits
K. We see. that Ood. makes winter aa
well a summer, our exits. as wall as
our entrances) '.that the winter
sentlat to the spring, - th exit on Snel
level to the antra aca on aaoCher ... I
Why. then, did men, with this lesson I
of natsre writ' broad -before' them,' sit I
so long ta d arks est T Why failed they I
ta read th' promise ef nartare-a acted I
parable? Great seals did see its mean
ing; large hearts hoped for larger things. I
Mahy dimly felt that their1 renjrtfig would!
be satisfied, and .they waited far a' more I
aura word. ' Then cams on Who so 'lived I
as to "become the authority." on Ufa.-; Hel
so lived a to mafe.aii luteo wpea ne
apoke on? 11 f.- H so1 lived a to' teach I
men. how tn nia ana so oiea as to taacn
them tl. secret of life forever. .He laced
death without 'fear,- wlUs tb suhilms
confidence ' tftrft In 'some-msasUrS be
come to go many men In that hour when
delusions fall away. He went flown iht
the. shadows with the llgfir of the om
tng dawn 'dn'hls facer b Went ddwnde-
ri.rinr In mu Id return. -V i f - ' I
Then somehow. ,it Is little marier' bow
or even Just why, men learned that h
who liad taught them how V live had
not left th lesson halt completed1. h
had faced and solved the .greatest
mystery Hfe. . Hs had shown that be
yond th winter there waa a springtlds
for tbetr Uvea, too. ,. They did not stop
to Oteouss roonsn. Questions; uiey anew
that his Ufa Jiad. not been overooma by
death, that : thegreat . taw" of nature
held true here, that no lite could ceasa ta
we ft wma word for which tha world
bad waited. They saluted on another"
saying. "He is" risen!" Hencerortn man
bad their, part In th Bprlngtids anthem
of all nature.
Tb worst sins have many aliases, 7
... m e . . A
Faith always go
, . .-. w . ..... i . . . , e e
Short eplng the fao lengthens- the Ufa.
Whining piety, wtos ave on,, ,.r
'.'.', .k.. a: . 7 ... -i ' .
. Salvation is -mors than . a ' seaee of
setlsf actios wttd ourselves. tri7-"rT"
It Is easy to be resigned to siaothsr'a
woes.,- -.vv : ??v":
Tb church that does not took for tha
lost is lost Itself. . ,.'7 '
- . t i .. - .... '.- ;.x
The Master la always with, those wbO)
seek to minister. , , v .
' "-7 '-"7. r 7-- :'-V'.
Only a soft man finds .sny plsasurs
in spreading ntmseir. . , , , . . .; -,
Weeping over your weeds only waters
tnenw v7'.-"-' v .-,
.i :-, J7 .- .. - - 7-v '
The beet way to keep, hi day ta to I
ao 4iis aeeoa, (- . .. ,-' ,t,.v s -.
- Love Hsounts Its- wealth by Its losses.
- Whipping a' boy to Sunday, school
never yet drove btm- to heaven. . .:
There's no use. easting your bread
on th waters It you, keep your ake to '
yourselt i -) " v-
Bern men oould reconcfls iths Bible
Snd science If only the Bible would be
reconciled t their sins. , - ' --. -
People who protect themselves i
the world's problems are the first t
suggest Its panaoes., , ; .-. , ; . ,
.- j v - ' .. ,v
Angels may have wings, but that does
not, signify that. tBeywlUWelcome- A
rmn milliner. ". i . '
T a-- a'-.A 4,,.
If people were aa ready to put in the
Of ferine as , they are to pass th
sermon the church would -soon be rich, ,
Where there Is no faith la the eeslbtU
ltiss Tf tnaar-rsttn-in- tne powsr of Ood '
doss littls goeoV'-' - . -pij tx
A man needs something besides faith -
In Ood when las tackles a hornet's neat.
'. '- . . V--. 1
If you know enough to help you will
breath in criticism.. , ; . ' 7
,. T , . ... e e . . ; ....
When religion is Only a tool yon srs
sure to get hold of it py 'the wrong;
sA.7. ; .-' "'." -'. -i ;.- t
1 rmm 4h HI . loaenli T3-m-rt . J I
Denver Republican Informs - us
that Judge Psrker I an inveterate t"- -tre-goer.
but - neglect . Jo. , tslt . jr v. '
.w-AJTudiS TarSmr Isv--..'..