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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
: : B(38 tonal! '$a&b;i?
.- .land. OREGON.
,..; . A
C . JACXMN
Fabtiabed ewery evening ( except Sunday J and, every Sunday monring at
JUSTICE TO THE GRADE
HE JOURNAL has no desire
ficulties of the school board, but it mast continue
to protest against the preposterous "merit' sys
tem which it seeks to inaugurate.' In its inception this
matter was very simple. An appropriation of $30,000
,.' was voted by the taxpayers for the definite purpose of
increasing the salaries of the .grade teachers. There was
no question of some teachers being raised and others
riot, but all grade teachert were to get the benefit. The
.:': tangible result thus far has' been an annual raise of $ 1,000
?'to the superintendent, $400 to the drawing teacher, $400
to one or more principals, and $50 to each teacher in the
grades -and high school. A "merit" system has been
.'adopted, limited, as we understand it, to teachers above
the sixth grade. . The teachers who get on the merit list
will get $10 a month more. As we are advised there are
not more than 75 or 100 teachers eligible for thjs list, so
. that by far the larger number of teachers are thus de
barred from its benefits. , ..' .: ,'
' It is not easy to conceive of an instance where the pub
licly expressed will of 'the taxpayers was more delib
erately disregarded. It has been hinted, though we hope
' without foundation in fact, that such of the teachers as
. have privately protested against this distribution, have
received an intimation that it would be wiser for them to
' keep quiet , As it was through the efforts of the grade
teachers that the taxpayers were induced to act and as
they have not received the benefit intended -for Jlhcm,
.there are added reasons why the public would resent any
interference with their right of free expression. The
money was intended for all the grade teachers. If any
of the teachers fail to come up to the requirements they
1 sire not only not entitled to a raise but they should, of
'". course, not be given employment. The raise was to be
general and. the requirements should ' be general All
teachers so employed should be able to earn the full
amount intended to be allotted to, them; one teacher in
the same grade should not be paid $70 and another $80 a
month, form this way demoralisation will be brought
about in the whole system. It is too late to do with the
fund as the taxpayers desired and intended, for too many
arbitrary raises have been or are to be made, but it is not
too late to approximate justice and 'to do away with the
"merit" system so that what remains of the fund may be
- . distributed among the grade teachers, where it belongs.
This much at least 'should be done
done at once. .
PEOPLE AND RAILROADS.
F CONSOLIDATION OF RAILWAYS into great
systems is to be defended and
follows asan inevitable corollary that govern
ment control of those great consolidated systems is es
sential, for the simple and sufficient
wise the consolidated 'railways, especially when acting
in conjunction with other great corporations, would soon
. become more powerful than the government itself. 10
deed, they seem to have -become so already, if not posi
tively', then negatively by having a host of friends and
- servitors in positions of prominence and power. If -it
comes to a choice between the government being run by
-the consolidated railroads and the
by the government, the people-will
. : latter as the lesser 'evil '',,.' I -.-'
'The financial supplement of the New York Evening
Post publishes a list of aj railroads, aggregating 131,530
miles, in the management of which the Standard Oil tn-
. terests are openly acknowledged. Besides this, the same
group of "interests" are-dominant in 94 great industrial
corporations, including Amalgamated Copper, Consoli
dated Gas, United States SteeL . United States Realty,
' Colorado Fuel and Iron, and others,
.. and 14 trust companies. .-".t- V. ? '". ' .
V - Now it, scarcely needs any-argument to show that
these very astute and industrious gentlemen are getting
entirely too much power. The people have got to check
them and control their 'operations. . This is just now the
paramount business of the' American
A SAMPLE INVESTIGATION,
HHHE INUTILITY OR FUTILITY of most legis
' I .lative investigations: is again illustrated in the
'icase of the investigation into the official acts of
the late;state .land agent, L. B. Geer, and his apparent
erase Dusinesi connection wiin w. n. vaeit, wno in inose
days was doing a very thrifty business what in former
psrlance might be called a "landoffice business' in the
matter of baselfor landjmrchasesjrom the state. ,''
. : "It appears that at times when the state land agent had
. no base to dispose of .to would-be purchasers, Mr. OdelL
.-. who had a desk in the'lsame office, had unlimited quan
tities of just what they wonted, as they supposed, which
he furnished them at a personal charge varying from 75
cents to $1.75 per acre, which money he is supposed to
V have been entitled to and retained as fees for his su
. perior knowledge, skill and industry on the "base" sub
jects. . : '. .
.- 1DCIC fllC UCCD WUU PU9UCI.ICU UJTTT
- where along the line, but there appears
u this. If not, it was a . very neat, comfortable and
. lucrative business for OdelL . He is said, to have prob
ably made somewhere around $100,000 out .of it. and had
TBtrarr wowonesT ojr Bocxaxm
(be New York
- in. Mtsj awcassioa oi-um irosis oa
-f-; Mhvr special inUrasu we have f re
..' qiieatly warned them that, while their
- -' constant protest. Is against, the 'Spread
of soclalianu-tbey themselves are doing
' "( about this result. The "Standard Oil oora
nanv. for example, now - finds that its
" Mgb-handed methods. Its disregard ortHeJ
4Blerests of Um public, and Its defiance
' nntb of the people and people's servants
Jt not only have culminated In the adop
floe of 4 plan by the people of Kansas
- to batld and operate state refineries but
t are the cause of a resolution la congress
;. demanding an investigation which shall
' ahow-exacUy bow this great trust op
. prussee both the producers of crude oil
' and the consumers of the refined ankle.
- inm smmv vf wnica tu, pi,i.i.iu vvii
. I trust is-.able to eohi money faster than
. gnvermnent mints Is. of course, by a
-doable back' action control both of the
baring saarket for crude ot and the
oiling market for refined oil.' The trust
refases to bay the crude material from
Independent prodaoers at anrthlng but
the lowest prfes. It can 'do .this be-
cans It hes wiped mt competition In
, .refining and baa made itself, with its
control of rerinerlea, pips tinea, eta, the
' . oeily market whore producers of the
, . crude material can slL . Rot the coa-
eenier of the refined article, geta no
; .fceneftt from this low cost of raw mate
: rial I tha ref Iweiiee. On the roatrary,
controlling the reflneiiea and thus the
!. oniimera' market, the trust pushes up
thric ex she rttiaed mkiU U the
'V ' ' '..,.' V' 1
O N D A I L Y
IT inUBrftnilAlfT NBWBPATER . ' -
PUBLISHED BY. JpUJOlAL PUBLISHING CO.
OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE. CITY OF PORTLAND
TEACHERS. , 7 f.
free office rent
to add to the dif
the base had
stances that the
out not only the
general, but to the
study of it. .
sion, and there the
the matter, nor,
w rinkled brow of
tog ether. There
t , i.-ij
and it should be
approved, then it
reason that other
But with a free,
knowledge,; .'.v- -
With Miiurt tiv
. . . .V
railroads being run
hare to choose the
f .;, v
We must not
and also in 14 banks
people. ' ' . (
hope lor the worst
This1 is done to
tend to any other
The new senate
passed by that date,
to be no proof of
ot the new congress. ...-. . i
Thus some good
sional vacation, when no positive harm will be done, v
highest figure that the buying public
can stands 4 . n
: Kansas, where there' , are many oil
walls, understands this . situation per
fectly. Therefore- the people of Kansas,
choosing' the lesser of two evils, adopt
a socialistic V policy under which' tha
state goes Into the business of refining
oil and selling it to the general publio.
The Investigation demanded by congress
will advise all the people of tha United
States of these facts; with which per
sons -now engaged In the oil business are
chiefly familiar. - 1
When the1 people generally understand
these facta aa well as the publio of Kan
sas understands them they probably
will. like their fellow clUsena la that
state,'conslder socialistic policies ss the
only available remedy for other wrongs
and oppressions. Thus . the Standard
OH trust and the other greedy special
Interests succeed when they are decry
ing socialism la spreading It. far and
wide. ,; .
The Three relate of Ttew. -
' " : . rronf Life." -The
stork" came. . '
Raid the - man: "My salary Is
Bald the woman f "Now I shall be tied
dowrtV - ' ' ' T
Said the) newspanert -"Mr. and Mrs.
P - are rejoicing irt the birth of a
eoa.".':t .- r"','-. .
The riy aa the etry. v (
From the Washlngtmi Star.'
' Oklahomanav are In soma cases dis
poned to disapprove of .statehood on a
co44 lea basts.
JO U RNAL
JNO. P. CAKSrOU.
The Journal Building, Fifth and Yamhill
cheek-by-jowl with the. state land agent
a Salem man doesn't ma across a snap
like that very often. "' .1 '."'' '-,;". . ... . ; - ;
' But nobody would have complained much, perhaps, if
been genuine, it good claims could have
been gained thereby. But it turned out in many in
state did not have title to the land it
could not get it. The general govern
ment knocked out most of the base, and the state could
not deliver the lands, to the purchasers. So they were
money they hsd paid to the industrious
state as well. The state land agent,
and the governor who appointed him, seem to have
known, or else cared, little about the, business, kindly
turning it over to Odcll, who evidently made a successful
r--1-. :. .- ....
' On the whole it looked, like a case demanding a Very
exhaustive and searching investigation, and a -legitimate
investigating committee was appointed, ascertained, some
facts, made a cursory report on the last day of the ses
matter ends. A similar performance
was gone through with two years ago, and may be again
two years hence, but nothing further has been done about
probably, ever will be
.The. base business has, however, fallen into some dis
repute, and the present state land agent, having no genial
and distinguished assistant to play first "base," wears a
care. ' y
. RUSSIAN PRESS CENSORSHIP.
HAT . RUSSIA is making a pretense of being
'. moved by modern forces of progress is shown by
- some modification recently, of its strict censor
ship of- the press. It is daily demonstrated that a good
deal of the Associated Press news from St. Petersburg
Is incorrect if not entirely fabricated, yet press Censor
ship . is not so rigorously maintained as it .has been hith
erto. The newspaper! in some cases have broken over
the bureaucratic restrictions, and the government seems
to realise the necessity of loosening up the lines of press
censorship.',' '-:-.' -;.:- ;'"..';. '' " '
4 A free press will do more than any other one thing to
enlighten Russia, and bring the government and people
will be extreme papers, under suchr1 tnroutt witn-it.
- : j .1... :n . 1 1
cnangcu congwoai, ua wu aiucs, mi win ntnu ui
trouble and peril, but gradually the voice of the press as
a whole,, if tmtrarameled, will exert a powerful influence
1- t -1.: 1:.: 1 i :
The Russian government has been able to fool the peo
ple because the press was altogether under the thumb of
the autocracy, jhe press spoke for the government, the
bureaucracy, entirely; for the people not at alt This once
changed, and the press being free to speak for the people
as well as-for the government, conditions will rapidly
change for the better, thougV such change will involve
much turmoil and fierce struggling. Light alone will not
beat down the walls of the autocratic bureaucracy.
cheap press, and people learning to read
their power ,,; must grow with their
:.; ; ;'.,; I '" .,
rarrmt nAM Mti, f-rH 4h, tmtlii
.uttvuk .,.11M . . 1. . U ... .
of the world s current history, the Ktttsian people have
long lain in utter darkness. No newspaper or roarazine
in any language was permitted to reach them fhsjn the
outside world, and their own papers, dominated by the
government,' were full of misrepresentations and lies. ,
Not only have all foreign periodicals been barred from
the Russian people, but no book or pamphlet not ap
proved bytthe church hierarchy was permitted to exist on
Thus the people s minds were kept in
as well as political darkness. -
believe, all that we read about the new
resolve ot tne government to allow entire freedom of the
press r the" nature of the .'bureaucratic' bear is not so
quickly and readily changed: but there is evidence that
there has been a little relaxation of Ahe former narrow
and rigid restrictions upon the press and the circulation
of current literature. Unfortunately one may usually
rather than the best in Russia.
SENATE TO MEET, r
HE PRESIDENT, has issued the customary call
for a session of the senate to be held immediately
after the inauguration ceremonies on March 4.
enable the aenate to wind up executive
nominations, consider treaties, or at
business which is its especial province.
When a new. president is elected toe senate of the new
congress is convened partly for the purpose of confirm
ing his cabinet appointees, but in this case it. is not ex
pected that President Roosevelt will make any changes
in his cabinet on entering upon his new term, unless
possibly Secretary Shaw should be retired at that time, r
cannot ot course pass any bills passed
by the bouse during the present, session, for the present
congress expires on March 4, and all its- incompleted
work dies with it, hence the Esch-Townsend bill, the
eure food -bill, and others that the senate mar not have
will have to go through both houses
legislation will fail, but there may be
in the prospect of the long congres
From the Chicago Trfbuna..
In order that his wlfs might beoome4
oeier acqoainiea wim DUSlness meth
ods, Mr. Ferguson handed 1100 to her,
and. Instructed-he 40 deposit It In the
bank in ber iwar name and pay .her
bills thereafter with checks. " -r .-.
Several weeks afterward she came to
him In a high state of Indignation.
"George ," ahe -said. . "the other day
those people down at the bank wrote me
a note and told- me I had 'overdrawn
ray account" whatever that is and
that I would have to send them tt-TI
to balance' ILV I aent it to them right
away, but- It - didn't watlsfy them.
They're botherisg me about It again."
. "Tou seot the K.Tir - '
. "Yes. The same day." - ,' '
'.'Well, that's by the way, -Laera,
how did you send Itfv . . .7
. "I. sent them - a check for It,' -of
course,". ., r- .1 . . i
. Xooh Ml Bmsy ferkaps. -
From tha Boston Herald. .
Speaking of . matrimony, there ' has
rarely been a. time whea so many bache
lors have been advertising for -wives In
tha personal columns of the New Tor
Herald sa now. Soma, of them re os
tensibly from Boston. T .
From tha St. Iouls OlQbe-rjmoral. -
King Alfonso has hunted all ever tM
world without being able to And aa eli
gible wife. Women are becoming harder
ie please everyreec. - .
- Sinall Ckange
Xt us have peace-rlii -labor elrclea,
Out In Kaasas they, call him John U
Kobafeller. -'. '. .
What foola do somstimes accumulate
tiv.gve or more. , , , ,
' General Trepoff la slated by the a a-
archiats for a end-off.
-. Oiislielmo wepa - but for himself;
not for Kreda Oaraoio.
Mrs. Chad wick' Ui still betas indicted.
but she la mum about that million.
What we'd like to know lav whether
any woman ever refused to marry Hoeh,
' Secretary Shaw'a speeehea liet fall
were Ineffective to check, the growing
denclt. ,,, .: ..-".'-; '
' The . Kansas leslslature, has votl
down woman suffrage. It has a men's
flsht on hand.
The veto of the t7S.M0 approprte.tlQa
for the deaf mute school -was fully jus
tified by the reaaona lvea. and others.
Rivermen begin to talk reasonable
and to acknowledge .'that-' landlubber
have some rights entitled to considera
tion. ' ! ' I ..
" The president will be dee-lighted to
again the man from Oregon .who
started the country going-for him last
4 ' .
."Expense la ended.', says the Hose-
burg Review in announcing the end of
the legislature. , But working to pay
ftka Just begun. ;
Japan has bought t.SOS.000 pounds -of
yarns In America. That should be
enough to keep the A. P. going tUl. the
end of 4he,.war. r .
What bnilcess had the admlnlstratton
to 'Investigate, the SUuidard Oil or the
beef trust without the advice or con
sent of the senate!
With U T. Harris elevated to the
bench, who wilt succeed ' Binger Her
mann in the First district? Or will he
be renominated next yeart '
The old aeiuitorial leaders mre beartn-
nlnr to wonder where the Repablkmn
uartr te at or will be at before. Boos-
I - v '
A Colorado man who earns til a week
has been ordered to pay his divorced
wife 170 a week alimony, and he. thinks
he will have to go to Hochinav .
All the ell states are ranging them
selves. alongside Kansas In Its fight
against Standard Oil. but It supposes
Itself stouter than any possible -combination
ot sovereign states. '' . ,
The morning paper - waa displeased
with one act of , the ; recent county
grand jury, therefore saya It waa a
"fool grand jury."' WHh -that - paper.
any one who ventures to disagree, with
it isn rooi or a knave. . . . ;
The Tillamook ; city , taxpayers are
ha ring a run of hard luck. Lately the
city had te refund a tot br money to
saloonkeeparei n aecoont ee? 'the wn
olbBT'drri wad1 now It ' must - probably
refund occupation taxes collected to
keep tAe city ..rurminsi Perhaps the
best way out of the coil is to abandon
municipal government entirely. '
Oregon -sheepmen ' prepartag
-fThe-'eldest man in Ashland ur Benton.
Million, aged sa.. -
A u rants rase company wm mairurac-
ure a new minora drill, . ' :
Brow net me has ever , I4SS
Creasury and.. owes nothing. . .
For the first tfm Irrtxtm -has a Smith
ramny among iisreaueau---
Corvallls claims te have better tele
phone-; facilities than any other town.
For -the first time,- lee Jrick J enough
to pack 'formed this month oa Bins law
An lone real estate dealer has gone
to Kansas City to escort a lot of, home-
seekers westward. ... '-j .
' A man named. Kicker nag bought -a
tract of land. - near Irrlgoa. But he
may not be a lookers.
Pendletoa would be a good, place tor
Nr. Heney to convene, his next -errand
Jury, says the Pilot Rock Record.
The Jacksonvflle ' Sentinel ' alludes to
that place aa a "village." We have not
seen jrach modesty before Id Oregon. .
O?egonnasn't enough oil yet in sidit
or within smell to Join In the fight
against the Standard 'Oil company end
then Oregon's biennial 40 days of trouble
are over. ..'. ., - ,
. t gaBsBMseaa. . ".-,
At considerable risk some kind-hearted
men of The Dalles rowed out Into the
middle of the Columbia and rescued
howling dog that waa floating down
stream on m eake of Ice. . . v
1 : ; ' , - "- . 1
1 wnaunis vauey neeos, says me amrev I
Advance, is a lot of Industrious and
telllgent farmers .and capital for the
establishment of enterprises to handle
the product or such fanners. , - -
A Harrlaburg girt was harnulhsra rifle
When It went oft, the bullet breaking ber
brother's Jaw and extracting several
teeth. Moral: Oirla should be allowed
ao deadix-srsapona except hatpins.
i Irrigation without. '-creek, rivei,' lake
er reservoir aa water source Is what a
Freewater maa la accomplishing He
digs a .trench along a sldehlll oae end
a half .miles distant and eoaveye the
water from It into ditches.
i People of Klamath Falls have sub-
Scribed I3S.O0O oCthe flOO.Ooe railroad
bonus, and expect- to raise ItO.Ofte more
there, and the balance of t St. 90S In the
rest -of the county and 'among whnle-
saiei' merchants of "Portland end San
rrancisce. ' (
James Inmirtvmt in from I-nnkln.
Glass for treatment tor Jit right wrist,
which waa dislocated by a fall from a
load ef hay. Roneburg Plalndealer. -Mr.
Inman was sn Inoependent.eandldaie for
president last fall, receiving one vote in
Looklng-OUs precinct. v. Perhaps his
wrist waa weak in renseoaenre of writ
ing that platform last summer, or he
may have become forgetful ef his posi
tion en a load of hay and tumbled off be
cause oX studying on another platform.
. : ., ..,,,.1
f ' : lie'
c Socialists in
' Harold Begble In London Mall.
' It la possible to exaggerate the 80-
elallstio movement in Germany. ' The
very title-of this article, in spite of Its
verity, gives a false Impression to the
There are, Indeed, .00.000 Socialists
In Germany, bunh Socialism in which
they put their faith Is far from bein
the revolutionary and Iconoclastic gos.
pel preached with so much - eloauence
by Herr Bebel. .
The truth is that anybody having
grievance votes Socialist at the elee
ttons In order to express his injury. In
Uermany it is the only means of giving
vent to bad temper,
f "The lackey who ehanges'youv. shirt-
studs and folds your' trousers," I was
told by a . privy councilor, "votes as
Socialist if you repeimand him for
carelessnesa." Thl servant ' would
probably curl the Up ef scorn at . Herr
Babel s waistcoats and. shudder at bar
ing to take the overcoat of Herr Bern
stein; but ha votea Socialist because.be
sulky and because he desires to
frighten the nobleman who keeps him la
There are many thousands' of ' such
eases among the 1,000,000 Socialists In
Germany, but when these are remem
be red and properly allowed for,, there
yet remains a considerable . body of
genuine Socialism sufficiently ' compact
and articulate to trouble the dreams of
"The truth Is, .Professor Delbruck
told me. "that wherever you have
strong government you will have
strong opposition. It is. a . healthy
sign. We - have la Germany a very
strong government; the will of the
rulers Is. expressed vigorously, and exe
cuted rigorously; there Is no shuffling
or tampering with affairs ef state. We
are a business concern. Naturally
enough the people, advancing under this
government, -deaire to stand more and
more on their own feet, aid . alowly
they will be given more constitutional
liberty. But wdo not rush things; and
tha government is not in the least per
turbed by the growth of what Is called
Socialism. The emperor could probably
end the whole movement by a word.
This German Socialism, too, Is 01
vlded into, two -camps. On one side is
the party which angrily regards religion
as their great enemy of progress, and
seeks only for a purely material king
dom; and on the other Is a more er less
ideallstlo Socialism which sees in re
ligion the- only- gospel of fraternity
Which Is likely to move the world, and
which Is phlloeophtcaL, enough to per
ceive that without, ethics Socialism
would be the greatest disaster that
could befall a state, These two camps,
it should be ' remembered, are . actively'
nosuie to eacn - other.
Herr Bernstein, without; having any
religious creed or his own, .is a power
ful leader among the Ideallstlo Social
ists, and, preaches ethics with tncreas-
ng success to the German workneoola
He told me that Socialism la certain of
victory In Germany, but tmr-vtctory will
be of a perfectly quiet and orderljrna-
ture. - V '
'But your workpeople." 1 I anraed.
"have everything. They possess a state
insurance, splendid) state schools '' and
technics v-ce-lleges, and er system of
labor . v organisation -which prevents
pauperism-.. .What else do they askrv
f'-Yee."- he- answered, -"they have all
this; but they have-not liberty. Thy
cannot live without liberty no great
people can and liberty -they will have.
They insist upon a voice in the affaire
of the nation which-will -be heard and
obeyed," . , ". .. . . .
-.''How can you attain . that end with
out a revolution?" I asked. Ton may
fill the retobstag with Socialists, bat the
govenunent-wUl- take no notice of your
motions and your majorities. Ton are
powerless." . . :
- "That te true enough. he answered.
"The government cannot he turned out
as a government in Bog!andrby
majority of parliament, which Is a very
great evil, nut you overlook one thing.
We can stop all supplies. That means
victory for us, and a perfectly oonatl
tutional victory, 1 When our numbers
have Increased, ea -they wili at. every
election, we shall withhold all moneys
from the government, and "force -auto
cracy to -obey the wilt of the people.
This victory, which is certain, will
come Quietly, and government will bow
Obediently to lb storm." . . .- . -. '
; Herr Bernstein told me tnaay inter
eating things about the German . work
ing, classes... He is convinced ; that a
religion of some kind is necessary for
meir salvation. When ne became edl
tor of a purely labor newspaper he was
told that -unless he gave horse-racing
and betting intelligence , the venture
wouta ana in xajiure.- ' .
From a working man I. learned simi
lar things. In -the little bear houses.
he told ma, the proprietors paster up en
r wane in reauiia norss nsc
in ungiana, ana weexs nerore tnecrun-
nlng of any great rase -In this country
the working people In Berlin and other
large clttea era speculating on the re
sult. Materialism is the 1 greatest evil
la uermany. ,',
"We are nearly all atheists." this
workman1 told me. "We want more
money, and better clothes, and more
leisure to enjoy t ourselves. That i
what we want,, the life of our mastera.
who are also athelsta. But do not think
that . Sociaitsm- will make,, a mess of
things in Germany. Tou hear that we
era opposed to- oompulsory service - In
the army. It Is not true. Working
men look back -on their soldiering as
the Jolllest days in- their Itvas plenty
or beer, warm clothes, and as much
love-making aa j
love-making aa 'you have a mind for.
v. it uw n.h,i . f .
in-Low elts now. things will be very
much as they are. We shall keep out
great army. we. shall build OuY fleet;
We shall develop our powers. We are
not fools In Germany,. I tell you. .
It appears to me that while the pres
ent emperor reigns Socialism can never;
be more than an agitation In Jermany.
If the .relchstag refused supplies! the
emperor' would take them. The array
ana ine poiioa -are - soiia oenina Mm.
Bat It Is quite possible that an Indus
trial change ef some kind may be made
during the present reign. ( Count- Bulow
is a. wise man as weit ss a very strong
man; The great grievance of the mod
ern workman in Germany Is that he
has no power to "better himself." no
opportunity of becoming bis own mas
ter. He requires an Inducement beyond
stst edi wages te work with a awing.
Limited liability companies are his
chief enemies; and' a -'strike that
paralyses! these soulless concerns gives
him the pleasures of . a powerful re
venge. - .-'. N - '
But always there will be strikes and
discontent In Germany, for it Is -certain
that even In Paradise the Teuton would
be envious of those ever 01m. .
' The Mokes.
"Who Is . the richest man in the
world?" asks a correspondent. ,The man
who haa a happy amily and; employ
ment that enables him to live comfort
ably,' ... - , .'.', j '
1'-!' v..-. ;
Just at present the egg market la tha
most Interesting of tha, various lines
or trade. . Of lae. : the-reeelpte have
beea so heavy that prioee have shown
an enormous reduction at wholesale,
and retail figures . are consequently
The month .of February la a notable
one in the egg market. Aa the weather
growe warmer the hens begin to lay.
end soon the production reaches
higher figure than the trade can take
care of, t - .- - .
February ie the month when cold
storage operators begin to think of put
ting away their supplies for the next
winter.' Tast year the storage eggs be
gan a trifle late on account of the high
yi.vw iu,h runup, .
.Egg men began to plQESut their, eggs
xor storage wnen tna market reacnea. 1
centa a dosen at wholesale a year ago.
At that time there was no rea weakness
in the market, Shd soon 'after storage
operations the market suddenly took on
a Stronger feeling, and a entail advance
was recorded. ; , . ....,'?.;
From tha p'reeenl'outlook and barring
v sudden, change, in weather .conditions
001a storage win oegin soon. , ine re-
celpts will already Justify storage oper
atlona, but the wholesalers have been
timid about cutting prices.
in. the retail maraeta today -eggs are
selling all the way from SO to 16 cents
a dosen, and .the market la not any too
firm at these flgurea ,. , . , M
The : chicken market, shows a big
scarcity, and prices, ere veryaeager to
climb. - Already the price has reached
such a-llnait that the ordinary: mortal
cannot., afford 'to put the -fowl on 'bis
There was a general shortage: in. the
supplies -of , wild birds all -through -the
week, and prlees are slightly higher,
Fresh vegetables -of all sorts are In
the retail markets in abundance and
prioee are. not high.' There Is a gradual
stiffening of the prices on sweet pota
toes.", '."i. '.
The bast grades of Oregon hurbank
potatoes are held firmer on account of
the better demand from other coast
The onion market la firmer, ana prieea
In all sections showed a spirited ad
vance during the past few days. -
Good applea are more plentiful this
week, and prices are somewhat lower.
Fancy grades, however, are etlll short
of the demand. . 4
Oranges have about reached the bot
tom of the ladder, and a general ad.
vance la said to.be ruling In tha south
ern markets. .,'.
The retail prices oa vsrlous products
today are: , ; ... "
Kggs. fresh Oregon, ZOtyZSe per dosen.
Chiokens, 18c; turkey a tlci tame
ducks, ' II ' each; tame geese, lltftOc
pound;; inallarda. Il.il pair; teal. SOe
pair; widgeon, 7 So pair: iackrabbits, zoe
each; snipe. 250 each.
Oranges, liVZOe. per dosen: tanger
ines, . 15c; , bananas. SSffSOe dosen.
Grapes, Malaga, 40o per pound Apples,
fancy Spitsenburga, IZ.tO per box; Bald
wins, tl.5O0t.OO; Rhode Island Green
ings, 11.60. Grape fruit, s for Zte; Jer
sey cranberries, 10 quart. ' .
Steaks, It? ISO pound; mutton ehopa.
lOlSo -pound; veal cutlets, IOOIZHc
pound; chops, lOQUHo pound; roasting
beer. 1Z, IZHOlSe pound; boiling meats;
SO 8a pound;- pot roast. tO'Oc poand;
com beef, ItylOo pound; bam, lse pound;
boiled ham, ZOo- pound: sparerlbe SO 10o
pound;, pork tenderloin,, ZOe pound.
crabs, z for zee; lobsters, zoo pound!
eastern frog legs, too dosen; shrlmpa.
ZOo pound; eastern prawns, 10c. pint;
salmon, I pounds. tOc; Royal Chinook,
J Oo pound; flounders, 10c poand;. rock
cod, 11 He pound; California soles, lie
pound; perch, 10c - pound; -California
striped boss. 1 to 'pound; Bacramente
shad, I for 2Sc; amelt. Columbia river.
lOe pound; Puget Sound, 10c pound;
catfish, 10c pound: black cod, I pounds.
16c; halibut, Z pounds, ZScj- sturgeon,
lZtte pound. 3 . v.. ; ,- .'.-!. ...
New potatoes., 4 pounds, for SSo; red
dishes, 1 turnips - and gmen onions, Z
bunches, tc; watercress, to bunch; let
tuce, fancy beads, Z for 10c; egav-plaat.
lso pound;- tomatoes, 100 pound; nuea-
leberrles, lvc pound: rhubarb, so pound;
sweet potatoes, s pounds, l&c;,wInuta
Z pounds. Zee; others, ZOe pound; beans.
string, Z pounds, ; llmss, green, Z
pqunds, ZSa; artichokes, small, t for ZSc;
large, I for lie; celery 10c head; pep
pers, 40c pound; cabbage, lOOISc head;
cauliflower. 10 Olio head; Oregon peas.
pound: cucumbers, Zte eech: sum-
mer squash, t for t&e: bresd fruit. ZSc
each; mushroom ' Toe pound.'-
BXBOTZZrCI A TMmmvM. FUSZSXJIT,
v By Marquise De FontenoV.
I sap pom It is hardly, necessary to
call .attention hera.to- the fact-that the
method ef electing a president in France
Is very different from that la vogue In
the United States. There the president
Is chosen by a convention composed of
the senate and chamber or deputies,
sitting together ss one national assem
bly for the purpose, the majority of the
votes deciding the Issue, This being the
case. It Is of interest to note that in the
first weesTof' Jknuary one third ef the
members of the senate will be renewed.
having completed their nine-year term.
When tho presidential election occurs on
February ' IS, there-will be about 100
senators quite . newly . elected, who, At
may be aaaumed. will repreaent the opin
ion of the 'electorate . at. that time.
Should the presidency become vacant by
M. Loubet s death or
the end of this year, the senate taking
part la the. choice of .the. .president will
be composed entirely of senators sleeted
three, years, bix years and nine years
agowhen popular sentiment and public
conditions were different from those ef
today. ' Therefore, much depends upon
President ioubet completing hie term
of office.: . t . . 'j .j.
It may be added trat-'the chamber of
deputies, in the . ordinary course, of
events, brings Its existence . to a close
May. a 100, three months after the
presidential ' election, , - Of '- course. . the
president could dissolve the chamber of
deputies during the course of the pres-'
f-ent year and order a new general elecevt
tlon In view or the presidential election
in January, and there are many .people
Who are In favor of such a step, aa the'
present chamber ef deputlea waa elected
three years ago. But In order-to dis
solve the chamber the president -would
be obliged to have the consent jof the
aenate as now constituted, and It is a
question whether' this would be given.
Under no -circumstances will Em lie Lea-
bat be a candidate' for re-election... He
has already tntfmated that In tha event
of hie being reflected, notwithstanding
hie wishes, he will decline to serve.
The wndaesd ef 1
From the Philadelphia Press.
Mr. Staylate I was reading the other L,,
day about . Emperor William's heating
expeditions. I suppose- Germany's Oho
only piece where they have wild boars.
.Mine- Patience Ooane fytwnlngl
r.J don't know. Haven't you rver
been ao mad aa te be positively wild.
Mr. Staylatet . -. - - , -.
Rigkt Is Inevitable
. By Mrs. John A' Logan, h
' Th ,on suffering Inhabitants of that
vaat Russian empire have St last rteen ,
in their might, and,-though the censored
press report that order. has been re
stored, there is no question but that it .
would more nearly represent the sltuh- ,
tlon if they- reported that the people
have for the time being been suppressed.
The emperor's officials and soldiery,
being many times greater incumber-
and thoroughly organised, have mowed '
down the men, women and children In
the streets. By this meana it la ex--pected
to obliterate the whole scene and
discourage the spirit of revolution,
The brutality manifested by this ape.
eles of inhumanity will scatter the eeeds
ot discord and. disloyalty to every part
of the emperor's domain. Autocracy 1
haa assuredly sewn the w!n4 and will
reap the whirlwind ere' long." It was .
impossible to kill and sweep Into tha
tide every creature of the mighty throng -which
came te -beg, of the "Llttls ,'
Father,",, whom superstition has taught
them to believe is dlvlne to listen to '
their woes and grant them some relief
through his supreme power.' They askf d :
for bread; hi minions gave them stones, . ..
shot and shell, oast the bodies of the
dead Into the deep and those Who est "
eaped with their lives into dungeons. .
dark and dismal, only-giving them sua. ;
tenance enough to prolong existence so .
that they might have punishment heaped .
upon them. . while those who for the -
present have eluded the grasp of the In
satiable cruelty of the soldiery and po- .'
lice long disciplined under the; command, .
of conscienceless - superiors -srar, belnir
hunted down. :'- ;.; ,.' ' '
The emperor, the' potentate end auto-. ,
erstlo ruler 'over 140,000.000 couls. In-,
stead of listening to their appeals, fled
In terror and disguise under the proteo-',
tlon ot hie soldiers, notwithstanding 1ieT
had been Induced to issue the call which '
had ostensibly for its object the disarm- t
ament of tha natiotm at tha earth. Ha '
"has added another cause for revobrilon ',
to his discontented and -outraged sub- -
Jects in that' he has cowardly surren- , ,
dared his power Into the hands' of blood- .
thirsty mlnlona who-are given over to
repine and brutality and who are with- .
out sympathy with the people In their .
unspeakable struggle for life. - He can
never win back their confidence ' and ,
reverence, and, though they may for a '
time eubmtt to a . power they cannot .
overthrow, they will not be idle er with
out the deepest thoughts of vangaanoe ,
and retaliation upon their oppressors. 1
Trained in- the school of tyranny, they .
will exact blood for blood, eternal, vigil- '.
ance ' and darkest of conspiracies . will
occupy their time while they wait for .
opportunity tq avenge the fearful wrong .
visited upon them when they were using -the
only means they knew for relief, the V
ancient right -of petition.! Their watch
words wUl be "Eye for eye, tooth for ...
tooth, hand .for-hand, foot for foot.
Burning for bufclhgrwound for wound,
stripe for stripe." ExodUs xxi:Z4-S5: ,
Ae It has been meted out te them so will '
they mete It out-te those -whom they?
hold responsible for their afflictions aad, '
inhuman treatment. ' ; ..i... ' ';
The fearful-Ignorance and supersti-
(Ions that have made the strikes fee :
freedom 'heretofore in Russia fneffect-
ual are gradually paaaing away through -the.'.
onward 'march" of vWsatlon and
education.- The penetration of-ehe'vall,'
road across ttnf barren wastes- of Siberia
is bound to opeh the way eT'enttghten- r
ment. With knowledge or good end evil .
will come sn awakening, among -the self s
that will mean death to. the reign Of an- .
tocracy. -' " ' ' - '-" ' ' '" '
.After every dash ror' liberty wnjen-.-.
has beea made through assassinations
the gulf has grown wider-and wider. ,
The last appeal, however, waa made, in
thellgtit of the twentieth century and
seemed , to have been conceived In a4. v.
spirit of peace and Joyalty. and to be
only a plea for protection and a lighten- -Ins
of aome of their Insupportable bur
den. A different class, from those who
have hitherto beea known to. oa among .
the revolutionists were conspicuous ln-
the crowd which assembled peacefully' v
to areet the emperor. . In the eonse- -fT
auencsa which followed they were all
treated alike, and must pay the penalty t
of their daring. . But Ilk that of the ;
martyrs the blood of these unfortunate
creatures will surely rise up against the- .
caar, and he and h la descendants will
eventually suffer from their vengeances .
The long years ot patient endurance of
tho generations that nave come ana j;
. . . , . I - iM,k.l... '
the time 4m near at hand when the week
shall wax strong in tnorignteousneas or
their cause. , . - " .' '
The. troops .that', survive the, deadly;
conflicts of. the Russutn-apaneae war
will one day return to tell the story of a
better civilisation. than their own which
they found In the Orient, and they, will
Join': the Terrorists, uporr whose list i
the name of tne caar la oorne. rreeaora x
of thought, and the Inherent right ot air
mankind to life. liberty and happiness
is older, than, any earthly dynasty and
will vet prevail even In Rusaia, though ir
one contemplates with horror that the
emperor, his heirs and every - member .
of the cabinet may be deeMned to fall
and the streets of Bt. Petersburg and , .
Moscow run with Mood before tne right
Is enthroned. '" , ,u' 1 f'-'' !
JLewis and Clark
Feb. Z4. The. weather -is again line, '
We succeeded n loosening theseoond r
perlogue and barge, . though we .found a "
leak In the latter. . The, whole , of the
next day, - I-- , -.'
From the Philadelphia Bulletin. ' '
Jamea Rankin Young, the new super :. '
intendent of the dead letter office, -.ad-
It Is possible,''' he said recently,, "to
be polite alwaya . It is possible to be -polite
everwhen discharging a drunken -coachman.
I know that this is so, fbr
have' seen the thing dotie..' -f
"A friend Of Twine - found himself -
obliged last wek to get rid of bis coach- -man
for drunkennesa ' He summoned
the , man Into his presence-,- and dis
charged him with this polite speech:
I rear, jiomgomery, .xnai 'we must,
nart. It haa been impossible for me to
avoid noticing that several times during
the ' past month you have beeni er '
sober. Now I don't believe , that any
man can attend properly to drinking If
he has driving to do. and, therefore, at
the month's end you will be free to de-
vote yourself eaclostvely to your chosen -occupation."
V. v - '
A Vodara OUve Braaek.
- , From the Washington Post
I. r ' ,
-. In cotialderatlon of a donation of I JO.-
000,000. one of the Ixtckharl. belre has
suppressed - her unfriendliness - toward ,
other, heirs, and will not contest the,
will. Most ef ue would be willing to,
suppress a whole lot of (infriendUnees
er-even lees money. ,-v. . ,, , , -.