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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 30, 1904)
Editorial Page of TEe Journal
FRIDAY, DECEMBER JO, MOt
THE OREGON DAILY
C . JACKSON
Published every evenmj (except Sunday) and every Sunday morning at
'' i etreets, Portland, Oregon.
CONFLICTING REPORTS ABOUT MANGE.
OCTORS disagree again.
I United States inspector of
for Oregon, reported several
some bands of cattle in eastern Oregon ready for' ship
ment were afflicted with mange, and forbade their ex
portation from the state. This action
nounced at the time by eastern Oregon stockmen and
local newspapers, who maintained that Dr. Hutchinson
'was mistaken; that he did not give
ough examination, some declaring
around them and looked at them from a distance; that in
Ifilct the rattle had no mange whatever, and that his
.Kit r-i -t A 1 1 1, , i , I i f i n I ,t . trir it-,
J - . .-
pprat injury to the owners of the
gtp te stock industry ot Oregon in
L- Dr. McLean, the state veterinary
of one band of cattle near Condon,
these representations of the stockmen and the local
, (newspapers, notwithstanding Dr. Hutchinson's report
was approved by his immediate superior, Dr. Hickox, of
Salt Lake. Dr. McLean declares that this band of cat
tle, when he examined them two months after Hutchin
son did, had no mange whatever; that if they had mange
in August when Hutchinson examined them they must
have had it in October when McLean
tion; that he made a thorough, scientific examination, as
Hutchinson did not; and he confirms the local reports
as to the heavy loss to, the owner of
. ticuiar and to stockmen generally.
spector has been out from Washington,
this band ot cattle, but his report has not yet been made.
-H he affirms Hutchinson and Hickox, the stockman 'will
probably have no redress; if he agrees with McLean the
cattle owners' grandchildren may get some reimburse
ment from Uncle Sam for his loss.
In the face of these conflicting reports we cannot pos
itively declare what the truth is. The stockmen's repre
sentations must be taken with some caution, for they
are deeply interested parties. OiJhe other hand their
statements' sre so positive and persistent that they are
not to be disregarded. Especially to be considered are
the insistent declarations that Dr. Hutchinson made no
sufficient or real examination of the animals. If this be
true he deserves all the censure that has been bestowed
upon him. But what about Hickox? Did he indorse
Hutchinson's report without a careful examination? If
' so the government should make some changes in the
personnel of its animal industry service in Oregon. On
the other hand if Dr. McLean is wrong the eastern Ore
gon cattlemen should quit censuring the federal officers
and" go to work to rid their herds of the disease.
But whatever the facts, it is undisputed that the action
of Dr. Hutchinson lias resulted in great loss and injury
to the stock industry of Oregon. If this action was jus
tifiable and necessary, then the cattlemen must bear the
loss and are not entitled to complain; but if they and
Mr. McLean are right, the federal officials have done a
mischief thst they can never repair.
THE LEGISLATIVE INVESTIGATION FARCE.
jbTHE MUDDLE regarding the
Sit, .i j 1
a anuiucr ana jusi now a ninety rcininuer oi ine oi-
' ennial farce of special legislative committees.
Most such committees render no service of value to the
state Their duties are performed perfunctorily, and in
accordance with custom, and they almost invariably re
port everything to be all Tight, without knowing anything
snore about the matter than members who are not on the
committee. Membership on one of these select commit
tees sometimes' swells the members' mileage, and gives
the chairmen, at least, an opportunity to do a favor to
some of their hungering constituents. Such committees
usually have a chief clerk at $io a day, and one or more,
generally more, assistants and stenographers at $5 or $3
a day, who however small or brief fheir services, are paid
for nearly the whole session. As a rule the members of
the committee leave the business to the clerks, who fix
up a nice, pleasant little report, which is -accepted and
adopted without quest ion or interest, and nobody knows
any more about the thing supposed to be investigated
than he did before.
One clerk of the board of public land commissioners
made a good-sized fortune in that office; another stole a
lot of money from the state, which theft was undiscov
ered for years by legislative committees; and the state
public land business has been badly botched if not
crookedly conducted much of the time for many years,
yet the expensive committee appointed at each session to
investigate this Business invariably reports it in most
excellent snd admirable shape. And so it is with the
committees appointed to investigate the books-of the
state treasurer, the secretary of state, the state printer,
and other things.
The members of these committees are not to be very
trades mrxova or J a aw.
From Lafcadto Hearn's "Japan: An In
Let us suppose, for Instance, that
you wish to have a good house built. As
a general rule you will apply to a
master carpenter. You cannot select
and hire workmen; guild regulations for
bid. Tou can only make your contract,
and the master carpenter, when his
plans have been approved, will under
take all the rest purchase and trans
port of material; hire of carpenters,
plasterers, tilers, ma-tmakers, screen
fitters, brassworkers. stonecutters lock
smiths and glaziers. For each master
carpenter represents much more than
his own craft guild. He has his clients
in every trade related to house-building
and house-furnishing, and you must not
dream of trying to interfere with his
claims and privileges.
He builds your home according to
contract, bat that Is only the beginning
of the relation. Tou have really made
with him an agreement which you must
not break, without good and sufficient
reason, for the rest of your life. What
vsr afterward may happen to any part
of your house wall, floor, celling, roof,
foundation you must arrange for re
pairs with him. never with anybody else.
Should the roof leak, for Instance, you
must not send for the neareat tiler or
tinsmith: If the plaster cracks, you
must not send for a plasterer.
The man who built your house holds
himself responsible for Its condition,
and he ta Jealous of thst responsibility.
None but he has the right to send for
ths plasterer, the roofer, the tinsmith.
From ths Minneapolis Journal.
The Baltimore architects have drawn
plans for a building entirely Without
wood. It Is to be built for Mr. Hllgen
hurg. who does not wish to be burned
out again. It will be hit stories and will
hse a frontage of 41 feet Inches. The
entire structure Is to be of relnforred
venerate and steel.
Kven the doors, trims, window sashes
and Aoor-iembs are to he of metal. The
will be glased with wire glass.
PUBLISHED BY JOURNAL PUBLISHING CO.
OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE CITY OF PORTLAND
the animal industry
months ago that
was severely de
the animals a thor
that he only rode
nil,! an1 A i A rcolt it
particular bands and
survrnn 'in the re
made hit examina
city, on the ground
these cattle in par
Later a special in
D. C, examining
fortunate that the
ply their vocation
state oubnc lands is
i a . .i
ance it is well to
things. In the first
All the pupils
sibility is felt all
have been indifferent. They completed itheir work in
time if everything went all right; but if it didn't they got
through when they could. If the pupils suffered for lack
of accommodations and were debarred from the-schools
for a week or several weeks it was something which
couldn't be helped so what was the use of worrying
about it. But this happy-go-lucky spirit will no longer
be tolerated and the contractors who undertake suoh
work must complete their contracts at the time specified.
As for the school itself it should be a model of ad
vanced ideas in school construction. In lighting, ventila
tion, conveniences and interior decorations it should em
body everything which experience has justified. Its
exterior, too, should be dignified and elegant. There
should be no gingerbread. In all respects it should be
in keeping with the purposes for which it is to be utilized
and a tribute to the good taste of the people responsible
ior its construction.
The frame for the show windows will be
of steel, Into whloh the plate glass will
be fitted. The side walls, columns and
rear walls, as well as the supporting
columns of ths front walls, will be of
concrete. The floors 'Will all have a
top-dressing of cement one and a half
The stubs will be of concrete, with
slate treads and wrought-lron balus
trades. Ths elevator shaft will be of
concrete) aa will also the lnclosure
around the stairway and the elevator
hall. The cellar and roof are to be of
cement. In order to eliminate all wood
the two flagstaffs on top of the struc
ture will be of steel. If this mass of
metal, stone and .cement can be crum
bled or destroyed by fire, the struggle
for sn absolutely fireproof structure
might as well stop.
THE "PERFECT MODEL."
From the New Tork World.
According to testimony given in Part
V. of the City Court, dressmakers have
established these aa the proper meas
urements of a well formed young woman
SS inches In height: Bust, S Inches;
waist, 26 Inches; hips, 48 Inches.
A curious instsnce this of the scien
tific fact of "modification by environ
ment." Fob the proportions tndlcsted
are as far from the beautiful as they are
from the natural. The "perfect model,"
according to the unchangeable canons
of art. with a bust measure practically
unchanged, would have a waist at least
five inches Isrger and hips at least five
Inches smaller, and be far more graceful
In repose as well as more vigorous in
movement A small waist does not give
the figure n slender appearance, but By
the lew of Contrast quite the reverse.
The athletic young man has naturally
a smaller waist in proportion than the
athletic and healthy young woman, but
he does not appear more slender.
It is not "tight ladng" that so affects
beauty of form. The Inevitable result
of hanging many heavy garments from
the whist is to constrict it snd force the
flesh down Into ths clumsy hips Which
aes such a common modem defect. It Is
wt. fort unstV that a flaw due to ill sd
Justed clothing should be labeled "perfection.1
JNO. P. CAKROU.
The Journal Building, Fifth and Yamhill
severely censured for this style of investigation, for it is
not only a custom, but they have no time to make an in
vestigation, and attend to their other duties, and most
of them are utterly -incapable of performing such a task.
They are supposed to employ clerks capable of doing
such work, but they do not always do so, and then the
clerks are sometimes susceptible to the beguiling cour
tesy of the interested parties. So with perhaps an oc
casional exception the whole investigating business is an
expensive farce. .
It would be cheaper and better for the legislature to
employ several disinterested experts, not applicants for
clerkships, men who would scorn to ask for such favors,
non-residents of the state preferred, to make real in
vestigations, and if they could not conclude it by the
adjournment of the session to give them additional time,
their reports to be made to the next legislature. If this
plan had been adopted 30 years ago, and continued at
periods of say every six years, and the legislatures had
acted on the information thus obtained, Oregon would
have been much better off-than it is, although a few'
men might have been poorer.
.FIGHT MUST GO ON.
HE St. Johns Review criticises The Journal for
giving so much spsce and conspicuity to the ex
posures of maladministration and grafting in this
that such large and bright publicity
of official delinquencies, illegal practices and criminal
vices will go a long way toward counterbalancing the
glowing picture set forth in advertising the Lewis and
Clark fair." The Review intimates that things are not
as bad as represented, anyway, though it admits that "the
truth is bsd enough," but it would have this truth kept
in the background, lest visiting strangers should con
sider Port land a much worse place than it is. The Re
view agrees that "the city government of Portland should
be purged of the thieving and skulduggery which appears
to exist to an alarming extent," but regards it as, "un
clearing process had not been in
augurated before, and had to be put off until the most
inopportune period of our whole existence."
Yes, it is unfortunate, but the exposing and purging
processes cannot be stopped or delayed. By next sum
mer a good deal may have been accomplished, and The
Journal may be justified in making less of a feature of
municipal maladministration. It hopes so, but it cannot
consent to any truce in the warfare against official ras
cality or the public practice oi criminal vices. The hot
ter the fight is made in the interim, the clearer and
purer will be the municipal atmosphere next summer.
That is just the time when a horde of grafters, gamblers,
and thieves of various degrees, are especially anxious to
here, and to call off honesty's dogs of
war now would give them just the opportunity they de-sirer
during The Journal's existence has said
so many good words for Portland; no paper is so ready
and anxious to say all that can be said and that is very
much in Portland's behalf and in its praise; but this
paper's plain duty is to keep on exposing and denounc
ing criminality and crookedness in municipal affairs.
THE EAST SIDE HIGH SCHOOL.
IT HAS BEEN DECIDED to build
high school on the east side and pay a price
for it commensurate to its dignity and import
impress upon the school board two
place the building should be worth
and m the second place the work
should be undertaken so- that the building will be ready
for occupancy at the opening of the next school year.
should have the schools ready for them
when opening time comes. It is possible to do this pro
vided the right spirit and the proper degree of respon
along the line. Contractors in the past
From the New Tork Sun.
Penny vaudeville Is the latest of New
Tork's cheap amusements. It la noth
ing mors than a development of the old
penny In the slot idea, with up-to-date
Inventions and contrivances.
The business began in a modeat way
in Buffalo about IX years sgo. Two
young men opened a small place, filled
It with phonographs and charged 5
cents to hear the reproduction of a song.
Later they Introduced the mutoscope, or
The enterprise prospered. With the
Invention of other automatic con
trivances the business was Increased and
finally found lta way to New Tork.
Today the originators of the Idea are
at the head of a stock company capital
ised at 1500,000, with branches In all'
the principal cltiee. Not long ago the
idea was taken up in Europe, where it
haa been Just as successful.
About flvs years ago the price to en
Joy the attractions was cut to 1 cent.
An Idea of the magnitude and profit
of the business, even at this proe, may
be had from the fact that it costs from
126.000 to $160,000 to fit up a complete
penny vaudeville halt. The machines
cost from $60 to $1,600 each.
Europe contributes considerable In the
way of the novelties used In these shows.
A machine showing the head and bust of
a woman In gypsy costume telling for
tunes by cards, a German Invention, cost
$1,500 to bring to this country. Another.
representing Cupid distributing fortune
telling cards, cost $700.
Everything In the large shows, even
to ths counting of the dally receipts. Is
worked on the automatic principle. The
machine for counting the cents can reg
ister 1,000 cents in less than a minute
and a half, and 100,000 centa In lees than
The phonograph and moving pictures
are the most popular attractions, but the
athletic machines, such as strength teet
ers, punching bags, muscle developers,
etc., are all wall patronised.
The average dally attendance at these
halls may be anything between 6,000 ami
16,000, according to the location.
Try to start even, at least, next year.
Only three days more
till Dave Mill
The machine will try
Booth, allaa Kuykendall.
to grind out
Port Arthur may want to He In the
lap of spring when It fall.
Begin Monday to make 106 a great
year (or Oregon and Portland.
These are called holidays perhaps by
courtesy to the vanishing year.
Gallantry. is net dead behold the of
fers of ball for Nan and Cassis.
Perhaps the Rlnera may conclude to
make soma Interesting disclosures.
Political weather forecast for 1907-
severe squalls and storms at Salem.
General Bmllnoff has been wounded.
But it Is supposed he will smile It oft.
The tall-end of December Is making
up soms of the yearns rainfall delicti.
A railroad reform bill fathered by B.
H. Klklna la propecly an object of sua
It may soon coma to tii point that an
Indictment is the test of a mans po
It la the mors competent and earnest
of the grade treachers who most deserve
the Increase of salary.
Southern planters are burning- their
cotton, to raise the price. This remedy
is of the fool-herolo type.
Togo Is on a visit to Toklo, where he
will be greatly lionised, but hs should
beware of accepting a house.
Soms single women will characterist
ically put It Oft till about 11:56 Satur
day night, perhaps at a watoh meeting.
If iddlcka Should be "elected" and
allowed to take his seat, what a farce
the prosecution of Smoot would appear.
If Uncle Chauncsy Is not re-elected,
perhaps ha will be given Ambassador
Choate's Job. it being reported that hs
is tired of it.
Portland merchants have done an Im
mense holiday trade, but every suc
ceeding year may be expected to be a
record breaker in Portland.
Portland should, and will, duly ap
preciate the good work to be done by
the Northern Pacific In the interest of
the Lewis anu Clark fair, as well aa Its
The Colorado supreme court appears
to have unlimited power to count In Re
publicans, but anything demanded or re
quested by Democrats is unconstitu
tional. Director Wittenberg objects to young
women teachers taxing their knitting to
teachers' Institutes. Is it possible that
any young women knit any more? And
If so should they not be encouraged fh
that grandmotherly occupation?
And there are those who pretend that
John -Hall would permit the persecu
tion of Senator Mitchell for "political
revenge." what next. In the way of
absurdities? Salem Statesman. Perhapa
that there have been no land frauds
but would have been except for B. H.
I Oregon SideligKts I
Prlnevllle cast 111 votes, Bend 117.
. Still on of Oregon's greatest needs Is
more laying hens.
Fossil haa concluded that It needs no
salaried city marshal.
In John Day city minors are punished
for going Into saloons.
Woman suffrage has won In the Ma
pleton debating society.
County division Is again becoming a
warm question in central Oregon.
The Condon Times Indulges In this
fling at Dr. Hutchinson: "A man who
stands off and looks at a bunch of cat
tle and announces they have the mange
can hardly be classified as a careful
A man who abused five horses at
Bend by leaving them in the cold open
air without food or water for two or
three days, had to aell two of them to
pay a , fine of $20 and costs, and hs
doesn't deserve to own the other three.
A Lakeview councilman has given no
tice that the first man caught using ths
town scraper for his private benefit will
be hanged to the neareat lamp post.
The Foresters' lodge and OAR post
of Bandon are having a quarrel, but ao
far the old soldiers have not resorted to
their rifles, nor have the Foresters
taken to the Coast range woods.
The Malheur county representative la
going about making speeches and finding
nut what the people want him to do
Thla I an agreeable innovation en the
custom of making speeches only during
a campatgn. ,
A new buggy which a Tygh valley man
had Just bought and was trailing home
broke loose, went off the Tygh hill grade
and was smashed all to pleoea, and he
has concluded that he didn't want a net
buggy this year, any way.
Blinded by the glare of a headlight, a
large flock of geese In Umatilla county
flew agalnet and around the cab windows
and the boiler, three that flew Into the
cab being caught. The engine crew
thought there were a thousand of them,
but could not swear to It.
An Albany man haa received a canine
curiosity which appears to be a cross be
tween a shepherd dog and a black bear,
the head, fare and fore feet being canine,
the rest of the body thst of a bear. One
eye 1s brown, the other whits. The ani
mal came from eastern Oregon Indiana
A Salem paper evidently meant the
Capital City is a central place ifc two
legged bttttlnskles, but not for JHtgora
goats. There la not an attache of a
paper In Oregon from "devil" to editor
but knows Polk county leads In fine
goats and the sale of mohair. .
The new mayor of Seaside finds the
treasury depleted and $$00 due as Inter-
eat on the water bonds, besides other ob
ligations dus. The business affairs of
the city are In a badly tangled up way.
and it Is his Intention to procure ths
services of sn expert td learn where the
money went and If it was distributed le
' From the New York World.
Fully aa sensational as Thomas W.
Lawson's own story of the Bay State
Oas receivership Is the history of that
affair given In a suit, the sequel to
the , receivership, in which Receiver
Dwlght Braman was defendant.
It is the untold chapter of Lawson's
story, and supplies unexpected corro
boration of his narrative. From It the
Inference Is almost inevitable that the
Standard OH furnished the money to
end the receivership. Just ae Lawson
This suit, brought against, Dwlght
Braman to compel him to give sn ac
counting for his receivership, takes, up
the story where Lawson leaves off. The
suit sgalnst Braman waa brought by
William Buchanan, the solitary bond
holder whose belongings were made the
basis of the hurried receivership, and In
this suit Buchanan declared that he had
been deceived throughout by Braham.
Buchanan Is a - multi-millionaire,' If
years old, formerly a member of the
tobacco firm of Buchanan ft Lyall. which
was later sold to the tobacco trust. He
ia now a Jute manufacturer In Brooklyn.
He was one of the early bondholders of
Addlcks' Bsy State Oaa company, and
when that Delaware politician ran the
stock down to such a point that' the
company was threatened with bank
ruptcy Buchanan consented to allow
Braman to bring an action for a re
ceiver. Braman waa a member of both the
New Tork and the Boaton stock ex
changes. Buchanan met him at the
brokerage offices of Taylor Mayer, Iso.
11 Wall street. When Braman learned
that Buchanan had 1100,000 of the gas
company'a bonds he began an Inquiry.
One of the tilings which Buchanan's
counsel says Braman found waa that
Addlcka, a candidate for the United
States senate, had arranged to make
over the control of the Bay State Oaa
company to the Standard Oil company to
get the money he needed for election.
"Knowing that Addlcks badly needeu
the money at this time for election pur
poses," reads the brief of Buchansn's
counsel, William . Ooldbeck of No.
120 Broadway, "Braman conceived the
Idea of trying to throw the gaa com
pany into a receiver's hands, so as to
obstruct the Standard oil deal, thus
hoping to corner Addlcks and make him
settle for Buohanan's bonda rather than
let the Standard Oil deal fall through.
'The echeme worked with aatonlshing
success. Braman took matters Into nis
own hands. The cards were well played.
Gaston & Snow got all the Boston
facts, Roger Foster figured in the sulf
as the attorney of record and drew uy.
the papers, and In Wilmington Braman
retained ex-Senator Anthony Hlgglns,
the arch enemy of ..udlcks, to present
the papers to Federal Justice Wales
(since deceased), a personal friend of
Braman did the whole thing. Buch
anan took no hand. At this stage of the
mm Thomaa W. Lawson appeared,
and calling himself "the fiscal agent of
the Bay State Oas company," began ne
gotiating for a settlement Settlement
was made as Lawson describes, $125,000
in money being paid to Braman and
Roger Foster and a $60,000 note signed
by Lawson ft Wetdenfeld.
Up to this time. Bucnanan waa per
fectly satisfied, but the division of the
money received for the aettlement la
where the real trouble began- He de
clares that at S o'cloek In the morning
Roaer Foster, the lawyer, reached his
house with $60,000 In bills, which he
turned over to him aa hie share, eaylng
that he would receive the $60,000 note
the next .morning.
Not untU two or three days later.
Buchanan says, did he learn that $126.-
000 had been paid. Of this he declares
that Braman had taken $60,000, paying
the outslds attorneys and retaining
shout 140.000 for himself, and Roger
Foster had kept $26,000, paying $2,000j
or 13.000 to assistants
Buchanan employed William F. Oold
beck and began suit against Braman ror
an accounting. In thia suit he alleged
that he had been deceived throughout
by Braman. Of Braman a action Bu
chanan said In hie sun:
On the evening of October . isss.
the defendant called upon plaintiff and
stated that negotiations for a settlement
of said ault were then pending between
him and said Lawson, Weldenfeld ft Co..
snd falsely and with Intent to defraud
plaintiff, then and tnere representee
that said firm would pay $100,000 and
no more In aettlement of the eult. and
defendant, with like fraudulent intent,
advised plaintiff to accept said sum of
$100,000 in settlement, falsely stating
thst all litigation expenses would be paid
by said Lawson, Weldenfeld ft Co., leav
ing $100,000 clear for plaintiff.
"That plaintiff, believing said state
ments to be true and knowing naught
to the contrary, authorised defendant
as his agent to accept said terms of
settlement and to accept a alx months'
note of eatd Lawson, Weldenfeld ft Co.
for $60,000, properly secured, ss part
of said $100,000.
Litigation followed. Lawson wss sued
on the note. Braman brought counter
suits against Buchanan. Finally there
was a compromise, and Buchanan's coun
sel says that Braman paid Buchanan a
sum of money to call 11 even.
Roger Foster, when asked shout the
matter yesterday, ssid: "It Is true that
I went to Mr. Buahanan'ent 2 o'clock
in the morning and gave him $60,000 in
bills. I was not going to take the risk
of keeping that much money In my house
over night, and perhapa being robbed.
He Is mistaken If he says that I did not
explain to him how much money had
been paid. I told him fully I acted
throughout on the authority of an agree
ment he had given Braman to settle the
suit for $100,000."
Lawyer Ooldbeck declares thst Reger
Foster receipted for the $126,000 paid
over in Wilmington. The written au
thorisation which. Buchanan gave to
Braman to settle the case follows!
"New Tork, October 29, 1890.
"I hereby authorise D. Braman to
settle the eult on the following terms:
"1. J. Edward Adlcks to retire from
all the gas companies aa an officer.
"2. That D. Braman be elected presi
dent of all companies for one year.
"$. That we realise $100,000 cash or
$60,000 and a note for $60,000 secured
by collateral 1n the sum of my bonds.
"4. That Camilla Weldenfeld make an
apology for his treatment and actions
Under this Mr. Braman claimed that
Buchanan got precisely what he agreed
to settle for. He further urged a claim
of $26,000 against him for bis services
in settling up the sffalr.
Secretary Taft, who made Tom Reed's
claim that "no gentleman weighs more
than 200 pounds" fit his own esse by
changing It to read. "No gentleman
weighs more than 300 pounds," pushed
his huge bulk through the cabinet-room
door at the first cabinet meeting after
the election, Just as the president ssid:
"I feel so good about the result I'd like
to wheel somebody around In a wheel
barrow." "Well." said Postmaster - General
Wynne, there's Tatt."
The Play i
Although It hag been presented In
Portland a number of times, the pretty
pastoral drama by Carrie Ashley Clark,
"For Mother's Sake." waa greeted by a
fair-sized audience at the Empire last
evening upon (he occasion of Its re
turn. The story is well-known, and aa
an artistic creation this piece stands
high above the large majority of melo
dramas and "Idylls" usually presented
In the popular-priced houses.
The management thla year Is featur
ing Marie Heath in the role of Joe
Pemberton, "a bright little diamond."
A lot of good things may be said about
Mlas Heath's splendid Impersonation of
the boy hero. When she was on the
stage all others were forgotten, but
this Is not to say that the oompany la
Incompetent. Far from It. In the cast
there are several lights more than ordi
narily bright. - Joseph Schafer, Jr., as
Bherley Keith, and Harry Clare, aa
Major Brewster, were deserving of spe
cial mention. Among the women the
notables wore Adslald Plunkett. as the
prime old Yankee maid. Allstna, and
Mary Tracey aa the mother from which
the piece derlvee lta title. The play
is well mounted.
During the intermission between the
second and third acta Frankie Rlchtec,
the blind boy pianist, played' and was
warmly encored. The house was well
pleased from the beginning, in fact,, and
there la no reason why "For Mother's
Sake" should not enjoy a prosperous
engagement. RACE WHITNBT.
December 10. The weather waa eold.
and the thermometer 20 degrees below
zero. We killed one deer, and yesterday
one of the men ahot a wolf. The Indians
brought corn, beans and squashes, which
they very readily gave for getting their
axea and kettles mended. In their gen
eral conduct during, these visits they are
honest, but will occasionally pilfer any
From the Eugene State Journal.
When .a man steals a scrub horse,
worth perhaps $30, he is usually landed
in Jail aa soon aa arrested, and there
awaits his trial, which may be In two
or three months. Then he la tried and
convicted in one day, sentenced to hard
labor In the penitentiary1 the next day,
and the sheriff takes him and lands him
In the pen, where be must perform hard
labor and undergo very unpleaaant and
sometimes cruel treatment for one to
five years, usually not less than three
yeara. Theae kinds of thieves are usu
ally poverty stricken and have no money
to spend on lawyers or Jurlea or wit
nesses, although usually in Oregon law
yers are the only persons who receive
money in euch asee. They have a right
to receive It, and Juries and witnesses
have not, and rarely if ever do in thla
state. But when a man has stolen or
obtained fraudulently tena of thou
sands and perhaps hundreds of thou
sands of dollars by entering Into a con
spiracy to rob the government, which
means everybody. Instead of one person,
aa In the case of the horse thief, and
commits perjury, forgery, bribery and
every crime known to the moral, the
criminal or the statute law, then, under
the laws and regulations of the United
States government. It takes a year or
more after he has been iTXd let ed to bring
him to trial, during .which time he can
be out on cash ball, having plenty of
stolen money to put up, and having a
high old time. Then, after spending
much time and money in the prosecu
tion, he la convicted, but instead of
being railroaded off to the pen, hand
cuffed and guarded by the sheriff, the
next day, he Is boarded at the best hotel
In the city for a few days, until some
gambler or "bird of a feather," who
makes his living by robbing people In a
different way, goes on his bond, when
he Is again aet at liberty to await the
further delay of the law. And thla la
not the fault of the Judge, the district
attorney or the Jury. They have all
done their duty faithfully and well, but
it la the fault of the law, which pro
vides a limited term of imprisonment,
or a limited fine, or both, not at all In
proportion to the $30 thief, and allows a
cash bail, which ths HO thief cannot
take advantage ot, the amount stolen not
being sufficient to furnish bonds, even if
he should be permitted to do so. There
Is a vast difference between the United
States law and the state law In punish
lng the taking of money or property un
lawfully from the private individual or
the government He who takea an al
moat worthless pony worka in the pen
from three to five yeara, but the high-
roller who takes tena of thousands of
dollars llvee better than any farmer,
banker or merchant In the state for
years on his stealings, until convicted,
and Is then treated much more tenderly
than the poverty-stricken wretch who
did not take one-hundredth part aa much
of what did not belong to him. The
laws seem to be framed so aa to en
courage people who live at the expense
of others to get a plenty while they are
getting, so they can have money to
spend lavishly and enough left to hire
able lawyers and put up cash ball and
keep out of Jail, as is now being illus
trated in Oregon, and en a larger scale
in the Mrs. Chadwlck case In ths east,
where millions are involved.
SOW TO TJ
From Emerson's Lecture on the Country
Walking has ths best value aa gym
nastics for ths mind. 'Tou shall never
break down In a speech," said Sydney
Smith, "on the day on which you have
walked 12 miles." In the English uni
versities the reading men are dally per
forming their punctual training In the
boat clubs or a long gallop of many
miles in the saddle, or taking their
famed constitutionals" walks of eight
and ten miles 'Walking," Said Rous
seau, '"haa something which animates
and vivifies my Ideas.'' And Plato aald
of exercise that it would almost cure
a guilty conscience." "For the living
opt of doors and simpls fare and gym
nastic exercises and the morale of com
panions produce the greatest effect on
the way of virtue and of vice."
Few men know how to take a walk.
The qualtflcatlone of a professor are
endurance, plain clothes, old shoes, sn
eye for nature, good humor, vast curios
ity, good speech, good silence and noth
ing too much.
t AT WOL
A 36-candlepower light which will
never go out has been discovered by an
Inventor In London. While experiment
ing with photographic chemicals some
years ago, Magrndy's attention was at
tracted by a Clew Ik a email globe
caused by a chemical compound. Ma
grady enlarged the glow and perfected
the light by placing It in an airtight
glass. He says there ts no reason .why
the light will not remain brilliant for
ever If the glass Is not broken. A com
pany has bseu formed to manufacture
It msy not be generally known, but
it remains a fact that the products of a
country are no more honored by the peo
ple thereof than are lta famous men.
One of the Instances of thla Is Oregon
potatoes. In every other part of the
coast Oregon potatoes are noted for their
excellent flavor and uniform size. Ore
gon potatoes are not large potatoes.
They are of moderate else Just the
kind that are handy to peel. They are
firm, and in cooking the quality cannot
be duplicated by any other section In the
country. There may be potatoes that
look as good or even better than those
from thla state, but the quality is not
It haa often been asserted that a per
son must go away from home to be ap- '
predated, and thia seems to prove true
of the Oregon potato. In California,
where the potato crop each year is an
enormous one, the best families would
think of using no other potato than
those coming from Oregon. The word
Oregon on a sack of potatoes In the.
San Francisco or other California mar-
(' . ' taken as an Indication of true
merit. Hera In Oregon things seem to
be different. ' According to the xrnesnt
and the wholesale men they cannot ob-
tain the price for Oregon fancy potatoes
here that they can elsewhere, and the
result la that but few sacks of the fa
mous Oregon Burbank sre consumed in
thla city. 1
On every steamer thst goee to the
south many hundreds of sacks of the
beat Oregon potatoes are sent. They are
aold In the bay olty at $1.10 per 100
pounds at wholesale, and retail around
$l.50$l.76 per 100 pounds. In that
market Oregon potatoes successfully
compete with tht potatoes from Nevada,
those from California, and even" those
from far away Colorado. The famous
Oreeley potato from Colorado does not
ssll at within It cents per 100 pounds
Of what ths Oregon s do.
Speaking of potatoes, it Is a fact that i
almost every community has a taste for
a different class of potato. What the
beet trade In the California markets
want la a smooth, medlum-slsed Bur
bank with thin akin.
Texas wants a. very large potato, the
larger and uglier the better. Fancy
Oregon potatoes when sent to Texas will
not bring within 26 cents per sack of
what ths aecond-class Oregon atocks
seU at. Olve the Texan a large potato,
and he la happy. It takes lesa work to
peel large ones. Texss secures most of
her supplies from Colorado.
In Arizona ths Oregon potato Is Just
beginning to secure a good hold. For
several years you could hardly give
away a aack of the finest Oregon Bur
banks In that ststs. because they were
not of the large also and rough looking.
Arizona seems to be cultivating a better
taste for the Oregon potatoes and the
sale Is rapidly Increasing even when the
product of other ststes can be secured
at lesa money.
Green cucumbers all the way from
California are now frequently seen In
even the smaller markets. They are
selling around 150 20 cents each. At
this price the demand Is small. Oregon
hothouse cucumbers will be In within
the next month or so.
California la alsa. sending to this mar
ket vary large suppllea of tomatoes.
Stocks sre of good quality, but the price
Is too high for general consumption.
Strawberries were dirt cheap this
week on account of the very heavy ar
rivals from the south. Quality was not
good, and demand was small.
Oregon cabbage- le now hard to obtain,
and moat of the aupplies are coming
from the- south. The qusllty Is ivt
good, and at a big advance In prlce$the
home product le preferred by the gen
Oranges' continue to cheapen as ths
season advances. Quality la also Im
Turkeys will be rather scarce for New
Years and the price will be held folic
up to that on Christmas 26 cents a
pound for the beet dressed stock.
Chickens sre rather scarce, and the
price la showing a small advance.
Wild fowls are bard to obtain. anJ
the small supplies sre sold st an ad
vance, Ths prlcee on various products at re-',
'tall are: .
Chickens, 10020c; turkeys, 20 26c;
tame ducks. $1 each; tame geese, K02Oe
Sound; mallards, 86c0$l pair; teal, i"
Oe pair; widgeon, 80c pair.
Oranges, 20030a dozen, tangerines.
18c; bananas, 25030c dozen Grapes
Tokays. Verdsls. Cornishons, 40Ofi0c
per five-pound basket. Apples Fancy
Spttsenbergs, $1.60 0 1 76 per box; Bald
wins, tl-60; Rhode Islsnd Oreenhtgs.
$1.60. Pears Winter NelUs, $1.60 per
box. Grape fruit, three for 25c: Jersey
cranberries, lSe quart; strawberries, 16
Steaks, 8O10c pound; mutton chops,
8OI80 pound; veal cutlets, 1012Hc
pound; pork ohops, l0al2M,. pound:,
roasting beef, 10, llttOUe pound; boil
ing meats. $c pound; pot roaat. 8Cf
10c pound; corn beef, 80rc pound:
ham, 15c pound; boiled ham, 30c pound.
spare ribs, 810c pound; pork tender
loin, 20c pound.
Crabs, two for 26c; lobsters, 20c
pound; eastsrn frog legs, 60c dozen;
shrimps, 20c pound; eastern prawns. 30c
pint; salmon, two pounds 25c; flounders,
10c pound; rock cod, 12ftc pound; Cali
fornia soles, 15c pound; perch. 10c
pound; California striped bass, ISc
pound; Sacramento snaa, two ror zsc;
smelt, Columbia river, 10c pound; Puget
sound. 10c pound; catfish. 10c pound:
black cod, two pounds, 25c; halibut, two
pounds 26c; sturgeon. 12 lie pound.
New potatoes, six pounds ror zsc; rad
ishes, turnips and green onions, two
bunches 6c; water ernes. 6c bunch; let
tuce, fancy heads, three for 10c; egg
plant. 16c pound; mushrooms, 2G036c
pound: tomatoes. 20c pound: hucklebr-y
rles, 10c pound; rhubarb, four pounds
26c; sweet potatoes. 13 pounds 36c; wal
nuts, two pounds 26c: others, 20c pound:
beans, string, two pounds 26c; limes.
green, two pounas ztc; ariienoges,
small, three for 36c; targe, two for 26c:
celery, 6010 head: peppers, 12c
pound; cabbage, lOOlte head; cauli
flower, 10018c head; Oregon garden
peas, three pounds for 3Sc; cucumbers,
From January Suocess.
He is a pretty poor sort of msn who
loses courage and tears to .face the
world Just because ho haa made a mis
take or a slip somewhere, because his
business has failed, because his prop
erty hag been swept away by some gen
eral disaster, or because of other trou
ble Impossible for him to avert.
This Is ths test of your manhood:
how much is there left In you after you
have lost everything outside of your
self If you lie down now, throw up
your hands, and acknowledge yourself
worsted, there Is not much In you. But
If, with heart undaunted and fane turned
forward, you refuae to give up or to
loss fslth In yourself. If you scorn la
beat a retreat, you will ahow that the
man left In you Is bigger than your Ions,
greater than you cross and larger than