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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 29, 1904)
Editorial Page of TEe Journal
THURSDAY, DECEMBER It, 1804.
F 11 "" It
TUT? r t t: r xt t a i i -r t V- t t t t at
A XX V JMi VJ IN J- -TV 1 jLf I U U IS. IN A JU
AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER
C f. JACKSON
PUBLISHED BY JOURNAL PUBLISHING CO.
JNO P. CARROLL.
Published every evening ( except Sunday ) and every Sunday morning at The Journal Building, Fifth and Yamhill I
' - D.-. I ,
OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE CITY OF PORTLAND
A PROUD RECORD FOR PORTLAND.
HE SHARP OPTIMISTIC NOTE sounded
through The Journal yesterday by leading me.r
chnnts-of the city was so manifestly sincere and
I heartfelt, that it attracted more than usual attention
i Late in the .-uiuuirr and early in the fall the news which
P-aine from Oregon's various fields of industry was so
4. itinctly encouraging that everybody was elated. Price
ajv.erywhere were high and the crops usually big. The
Combinations in, every respect "were such as to swell .the
fMoIden stream that flowed into Oregon.
Lit the lacts there could he no doubt and yet there
n was very little immediate stimulus in mercantile
fines.. Business at the water front was distinctly dull m
Comparison with previous years, which was easily ex
flainable because the bigger prices drew the wheat to
Ihe -east over, the railroads and away from the river,
But,' mercantile business did not increase and many peo
ple were at a loss to explain it. The reason of it is ap
parent now. The weather was so extremely favorable to
I outdoor work during the. early fall that those who had
reaped a rich harvest during 1904 were making all their
o, preliminary arrangement! to duplicate that record in
2 1905. ' Purchases could wait but this work could not. It
f was not till the fall rains set in that the genuine pros
4 perity of the farmers became tangibly apparent to the
merchants. But it - soon "made itself felt in a record of
ales and purchases which thrusts far into the back
ground all previous record,- The Christmas business
" done in Portland was phenomenally. Targe and it is par
ticularly pleasing to note that the patrons of The Journal
found nothing of which to complain and many things of
which to be grateful.
But there is one feature of very general interest thaft
5n the large list, of interviews published yesterday re
ceived attention at the hands of only one man, and that
is the effect, good or bad, which the closing of public
gambling would exercise upon other lines of legitimate
business. Nobody could defend public gambling on
moral grounds but many did, rather vehemently though
privately, on commercial grounds. They said .it kept
money in circulation and when money was in circulation
the merchant was sure to get his share of-it. That issue
was frankly met by the secretary and treasurer of Wood-
rd, Clarke & Co., which firm, because of the variety of
the. stock it carries and the general popularity which it
enjoys, would be in a position to speak with authority.
Here is the essence of what he had to say: "While the
gambler who a year ago came in and purchased a $50
gift for a friend, perhaps did not come Jast week, the $50
came just the same through perhaps a dozen channels
instead of a single one." mere is trie whole satisfactory
Story in a nutshell.
There is nothing left to be said, for that statement
1 .1 1 A t I . iL. ' 1
(nucu imc lasi prop iruni miner me commercial argu
ment with which it was sought to uphold public gam
bling in Portland. Altogether and in every aspect fherejj
was reason for Congratulation; Portland is- not only
cleaner morally than it was a year ago, it has a higher
i respect for the law and the law is better obeyed than it
wn, our ine people as a wnoie are neuer oil ana those
things which they bought brought joy and gladness ti
more hearts than ever before.
PEOPLE'S RULE IN CITIES.
NDER the home rule amendment to California's
constitution Los Angeles, after several abortive
at tempts, hss-adopted a aha Me r -wteiefc -has three I uab1e
features that bring home rule closer to the voter than
does the charter of any other American city or, it is said,
than in any city anywhere except in New England.
The majority of the voters of Los Angeles have voted
Into their new charter the initiative, the referendum, and
the recall. Under the first they can initiate municipal
legislation refused by the council, under the second they
can compel reference to a general vote jof measures
passed by the council, and under the third they can com
r pel any official whose course is obnoxious to submit
his tenure of office to another vote.
In the initiative a oetitionforthe enactment of a meas
ure must have the signatures of 15 per cent o the
voters who voted for mayor at the preceding election.
Within five davs after such a netition is filed the council
must pass the measure or submit it to the people. If
a majority vote for it, it at once becomes a valid and
To invoke the action of . the referendum only 7 per cent
of the voters is necessary. If within the 30 days before
which an ordinance passed by the council becomes ef
fective this percentage of voters petition therefor, it
must be submitted to a popular vote.
The more radical nrnvision of. tins rhartr is the "rr.
call." The charter says: "The holder of any elective
office may be removed at any time by the
electors qualified to vote for the successoV of
such incumbent." To take this action requires a pe
tition of 25 per cent of the voters. This power has al
ready been exercised in one case, that of a city council
man, who was suspected of crookedness. He was. a can
didate for re-election, or to retain his office, but was de
feated. His offense was a common one voting to let
contracts to others than the lowest and best bidders.
Are these provisions as applied to city government
wise? Answers of good men to this question will be an
tagonistic to one another. On one hand it will be con
tended that city officials are elected for the Very purpose
of bearing responsibility and relieving the people there
from, that a representative government in a city is as
necessary as in a state or nation, and that these pro
visions are likely to lead to constant turmoil, chronic
pjritation, unrest, expense and injury.
On the other hand it is urged that these are proper
advancing steps in real government by the people, that
they are not likely to exercise these powers to their det
riment, that only thusn the corruption that pervades
almost all city governments be eliminated, and that the
possession of these powers will stimulate the voters gen
erally to take a keener and more intelligent interest in
We are inclined to agree with the latter opinion.
When officials know that the people have these powers
and are likely to exercise them at any time, pre will be
taken by the council to pass ordinances demanded by the
people, to defeat those opposed by the majority, and they
t 1 at
- Small Change "
Read about the biilssards back east and
Only a lasy man can observe the days'
IRRIGATION FUNDS AND PROJECTS.
HE IRRIGATION FUND accumulated up to
June 30 Ism amounted to $23000,000, and is now
considerable more. Of this amount Oregon con
tributed from the sale of its public lands '$4.2.I0.65Q 7;
The other states and territories furnished the following
amounts:. North Dakota, $3,406,100.14; Washington, $2,
733,363.98; Oklahoma, $2,552,337.33; California, $10,971.
908.21; Montana, $1,749,002.00; Idaho, $1,645,329.55; Colo
rado, $1,591,167.56; Wyoming, $875,253 88; South Dakota,
$74780.60; Nebraska, $477,973.42; New Mexico, $420,-Joj-20,
t tah, $.502,35103; Arizona, $160.40386; Kansas,
$97.849 5V Nevada, $48,153.41.
These funds are not necessarily to be expended on
irrigation projects in the several states and territories
according to their contributions, but according to feasi
.bHity and the-prospect of results. Thus a portion oi
Oregon s contribution of over four and a quarter mil
lions wiM go to carry out irrigation projects in other
states and territories, but in consideration1 of Oregon's
share in this fund, projects within this state are certainly
enntled to the most favorable consideration.
Projects so far investigated, but not atl decided upon,
will cost far more than the present total of the fund, but
tins-is not important, for it will take considerable time to
get them all under way, and it is calculated that the irri
gation fund .will increase from public land sales at the
rate of about $3,000,000 per year. It will increase fat
more rapidly after the works under contemplation are
completed, for under the law one tenth of the total cost
is to be repaid each year to the government, thiisjcreat
ing a revolving fund that may be used over and over
again, as long as teasibie irrigation projects are de
The cost of projects accepted or under consideration in
1 the several states and territories at the date-named is as
follows: Arizona, Salt River, $3,000,000; California,
Yuma, $3,000,000; Colorado, Gunnison, $2,500,000; Idaho,
Minadoka, $2,600,000; Montana, Milk River, $1,500,000;
Nebraska, Pathfinder, $1,000,000; Nevada, Truckee, $3,-
000,000;. New Mexico, Hondo, $275,000; North Dakota,
Fort Buford, $1,200,000; Bismarck, $250,000; Ircton, $300,-
000; Oregon, Malheur, $2,000,000; South Dakota, Belle
Fourache, $2,100,000; Utah, Utah Lake, $1,009,000; Wash
ington, Big Bend, $1,500,000; Wyoming, Cody, $2,250,000;
total. S27.000.000. Since this cumulation was made some
other tracts of arid land have been favorably considered,
and in some instances the estimate was found too low,
so that the estimated cost of the projects now contem
plated is almost $33,000,000, ., which sum' will be available
within a year or so, before it is all needed.
Only a beginning of this great work has been made.
buf it will, be carried on, with vastly important and val-
FOLK ON EXECUTION OF LAWS.
BANQUET was tendered a few evenings ago to
Governor-elect Folk of Missouri, dn -which oc
casion he made a speech that, as might have
been and was expected, had the right finfr Tn1trnd 1t
beauty and value lay in the fact than everybody believes
in Folk s sincerity, as well as in his courage.
In Missouri the governor hss the appointment of the
police boards of cities within the state a bad law, and
one that works to the great injury of the .cities, with a
weak or venal governor. But Folk said: "The police
departments of all the' cities of the state will be conducted-
without regard to politics." This will disappoint
some Democratic spoilsmen, but Folk doesn't care
The governor also has a good deal of power over the
conduct of elections, and Folk says he will exercise th.it
responsibility, "so as to protect the free exercise by every
citizen of his right to vote." But he will tolerate no
Governof'-elect Folk expressed a trite truth, but one
not kept sufficiently in view, when he said: "With few
exceptions new laws are not needed as much as reform
in the administration of the laws we have. Wrongs
arise not so much from the infirmity of the laws as from
the feebleness of their execution." We constantly( see
this truth illustrated. The land laws were good enough,
but were violated, the government itself winking. The
assessment law of Oregon with the exemption clause
re-enacted is good enough, but it is not executed. The
law against public gambling is plain and strict, yet to see
it executed is a great surprise Jo, many people. So we
might go through a long list.
Mr. Folk said truly: "PttHic sentiment should de
mand the enforcement of all laws on the statute books.
Disregard of one law breeds disregard for all law. If
the law be bad, the remedy is to repeal, not to ignore.
What a great change for the better would occur in
national, state, county and city government if all of
ficials thought as Governor-elect Folk does, and would
act, as he no doubt will, in accordance with these sen-timfrrts.
Clearance bargains now In the bashful
"old bach" market.
Colder weather only gives Cupid
strength and courage.
and other municipal servants will be more, careful to
walk a straight official path. - t
Greedy, grafting, unconscionable or incompetent city Governor Wright has also had occa
rr: .1 t t t . ... . V Sinn to res-ret In rennrt
01111141s arc inciiiseivcs 10 maim- ior mis movement, or
to be credited therewith. Municipal government in this
.country has become a stench, a shame, a scandal, and
ine pcopic innsi 00 sonicinmg 10 reiorm it. it win nc
cheaper to hold frequent local elections than to submit
to the boodling going on in almost eyery large munic
Cities in other states may not be able to follow Los
Angeles example, for a lack of constitutional authority
out state constitutions can be amended, and it would
not be surprising if the people of cities should take their
government more and more into their own hands.
ion to regret to report.
A aea-level canal does not mean a
level canal-bu tiding Job.
But Senator Mitchell was not commis
sioner of the general land office.
Kid glove are not necessarily an ap
propriate' present for a small boy.
Tom Union Is one man in the public
eye who seems to have no fear, of grand
Well, if we must economise, why not
begin on those big emoluments of certain
Fur dealers are favorite victims or
robbers and no wonder, considering
some past experiences.
What a Tourist
Thinks of Oregon
. . .
BourkAV Cockran says money paid to
campaign speakers Is wasted. True, but
he hasn't paid back what he received
aiven ir no piace is provided ror an
Inaugural ball, eongressmen can Indulge
in as many high halls as they desire.
It comes quits 'easy, especially after
long practice, for some office holders
to assume a virtue though they have
It is apparently about an even race
between Portland and Seattle, Portland
holding its lead of at least 10 per cent In
How many people who will crowd to
hear Paderewskl play a piano will know
anything about the alleged music, or
really care about it 7
Belf-llghtlng cigarettes have been in
vented. Now what is needed is an in
vention that will burn them up before
ttley can be placed (n a boy's mouth.
Now the government Is preparing to
proceed against the paper trust, and some
high protection organs may summon up
courage to intimate that the tariff on
wood pulp and paper should be reduced.
President Roosevelt, having been train
ing with various experts and practicing
Jiu-litsu. has invited Jim Jeffries to call
at the White House, possibly with the no
tion that he can knock Jeff nut. But it
need not be concluded from this that the
president ts - going -tnto the pugilistic-)
profession when his term Is out.
It was reported that a noted eastern
couple just married will gQ to Europe
on an" overland steamer." This must
he a new Invention of Secretary Morton
Prairie, schooners were formerly used
for honeymoon trips sometimes, but an
overland steamer Is a new thing under
Preacher Wagner haa done the best
he could to repay President Roosevelt's
valuable sendoff by declaring that the
president la .the greatest statesman the
world ever produced. Now it Is In order
for Jakey Rile to deelsre that Professor
Wagner is the greatest preacher and lec
turer and author (save on whom mod
esty forbids mentioning) dot efer vas.
Oregon Sidelights j
Ladles' fair at Prairie City netted over
a 4-ouncs, IHrtH
The Amity board of trade has Si
Ducks scarce and hard to get down the
Many walnut trees are being planted in
Moro had fine Christmas trees, and kids
called for mors O.
I .a Grande Mormons are to build a
fine new tabernacle of stone.
The products of the Echo vicinity this
years amount in value to over 11.000,000.
Irrigation movements in eastern Ore
gon need consolidation, or harmonization
A farmer near Amity has bought a
number of Cotswold sheep,. at 150 per
The Sclo roller mill haa bean placed on
a solid financial basis and has a prospect
At the recent taxpayers' meeting $30,000 was voted for
the purpose of increasing the salaries of the public school
teachers. It is being construed that the action taken
was in the nature of a recommendation of a 10 per cant
horizontal raise in the salaries of all the teachers. This
was not what the meeting "decided or, so far as its ac
tions I indicate, intended. The purpose of the majority
was that the grade teichers should receive a decided
advantage in the distribution of the money. It is well to
keep this clearly in mind when the action of the meeting
is subsequently put into force by the- school board.
ovb roues aw d Lonori.
Consul-General' Kvins prints In the
consular report some HHtonlahlng facts
nbnut the leoodon poll.-. force la I :.'.
The metropolitan district extends over
a radius of 1;, mile from Charing
Cross (exclusive of Hie old city of Lnn
dast. Which is abmu 5oe mile square i,
anal embrace am. at Squsr mile. The
number of police Available was 25 super
intendents. 7 tnap.w t..r u. I KM
meni; total. 14.?o The pay of Ihe
force smounts to tT.llo.SHS
That Is an average of only lis; per
year par mn of all grade Proha lon
ers gel It M par weeV patrlm n li.Hi
tm waak, rUlag ta 17.; a.
Hut these Ill-paid men "get results."
l i e number of persons arreateil In 1903
was iHMl, of Whom 1,111 were eon
vleted by the law courts, and 98, (II by
mairtetrates. There war caaae of
acquittal, bill Ignored by sessions, ate.
4tid 21,117 were discharged by magis
trate. Only op nr rested prisoner in
flue escaped unpunished
Most' rejnarkabla f atH la the murder
reenrd. In 1 ''03 only 17 mil i del k were
eonimlfted UH cnmnuied wlfk 90 in 1009
geants and l.2:s rnmtnble (patrol- "Nine person were arrested In eight of
these e; tn the remalnlna nine the
myrderars committed suicide. The num
ber of eaues f manslaughter was iti
The way Irfmdnn, policemen handle
traffic la a wonder. Yst they, cannot
even arrsst a disobedient driver.
Mr. Evans: "When It Is necessary to
discipline any one of the thousands of
licensed, omnibus drivers nr conductors,
hansom or hsckny drivers, or others,
ha are notified to appear at court.
They appear, otherwise the license may
be withdrawn, and If one withdrawn it
Is hard to et another. It is to tha in
terest of taa Tndon policeman to do
his duty, his whole duty, courteously,
kindly, but firmly. In this the courts
sustain the force. The result Is a
splendid street discipline with fsr-reach-Ing
affects in the way of respect for the
The Pecks Bad Boy show outfit
should h dona soon: the papers of all
I fie towns where It haa a r...,. r.H Ka.-a
a a ' bean reacting a
Great fun for young folks these days
eastern Oregon, where there Is now
Lincoln county people will still try to
have thst county represented at the
Letwls and Clark fair.
Three preachers ara revlvallng at
Waldport: such a clerical battery should
convert that community.
Pupils of the Helix school had better
watch out; M is sv Pickle has sucoaaded
Miss Green as a teacher.
. , '-W.A. . ,
Some boys. pear Prlnevllle found a big
wildcat making his dinner on a rabbit.
and after a nght killed it, with clubs.
H. A. Ott of Topeka, Kan., in Maxwell s
He auiV-TtuesTn the Pacific northwest.
Into this landLLafge and swift achieve
ment, as a studenHKd careful observer,
cannot remain there ions before his dan
will be speeding over tha page, and he
will find himself sharing the glow and
tha enthusiasm In which great cities
nave grown out or a wnderness In a
generation, and from which great lines
Of commerce are radiating over both
land and sea to reach tha uttermost
parts of ths earth.
Flaw countries have In them just now
so great possibilities, and such open
ings for tha lnveatmsnt ofready cap
ital, and the trying of a sinewy arm
and a brave heart. A glance at the map
of t h la great domain tails an interesting
story. Here are not only one deep ocean
harbor but a dosen, and several or thaae
have already acquired 4 splendid com
merce with the orient. Westward four
great continental railway arteries pierce
the Rocklea and i connect the glorious
Mississippi valley with the wide-spreading
Pacific, standing ready to shift the
load to or from the mammoth leviathans
which unite our western shores with
those of Japan, China. India and our
Geographically and geologically the
Pacific northwest hss possibilities which
amase the thoughtful observer.
Southward lies California, a land of
absolute contrasts. It has Its low
lands, uplands and mountains of every
height, from gentle sloping hills to Al
pine summits which pierce tha clouds
of the sky and are oovsred with ever
lasting glaciers. H haa its torrid
wastes and its Death valley: ita snow
covered peaks and ice cold lakea of tha
upper Sierras. It la dry here and wet
there. Its plains are drenched in win
ter and parched in summer. It haa
its marvelously fertile valleys covered
with fruits which command the admira
tion of the world, and alae Us worthless
wastes and alkali plains, which in turn
dishearten tha would-be settler. There
one may hide himself in remote valleys,
in inaccessible mountains two hundred
miles from a railroad, or, ha may stand
In. the open gateway on the ocean and
be neighbor to all tha world.
Oregon and Washington do not have
these extreme quite so pronounced,
however their splendid Industries are
fully as varied and Inviting as those of
their sister coast state. .These two
northern status may be aald to stand
together, for In their lands. In their
history. In their past, they have very
much in common.
No. intelligent tourist can cover this
noble section of our mighty domain and
not be Impressed with tha scenery and
flow of the majestic Columbia river,
which bisects this land east and west
The four great rivers of our land are
tha Columbia1 the Mississippi, the St.
Lawrence, and the Colorado, and thee
drain the four quarters of the country
which they ramify. The first named
reaches its long fingers southward in
the beautiful Wlllsmette valley, spread
ing out over the finest agricultural sec
tion of tha northwest; eastward by the
twisting Snake river all over Idaho, and
Into the Rockleg In Montana, covering
a strange volcanic country through
which the river flows Ilka a dainty rib
bon of blue; and northward over the
international boundary line and Into the
eternal glaciers of the Selklrks of Brit-
Between the Cascades and tha coast
range Is found one of the garden spot
of ths world, where the soil is rich, the
moisture abundant, transportation ts
easy, and where noble Institutions havs
fvfrn ffTv t'tlFVa"l1Mf' f Ol OVl flfWf lat loitr
Minnesota has wheat, forest and iron;
New England has mills, wster power
and the sea; Iowa has corn and cattle;
Colorado its gold and silver; but Oregon
haa the sea, and wheat, and cattle, and
fruit, and forests, and fisheries, and
gold, snd silver, and nickel, and copper,
and tin, and further, if she hss only
the beginnings of manufacture she haa
power in abundance. It was but 12
miles from Portland we viewed the great
rails of the Willamette river at Ore
gon City, where this river falls 10
feet, and where upward of a million
horse-power is said to be afforded.
tha Caseadaa, leaving, a mighty bridge
of rock over tha sweeping river, across
which the Indians had a highway of
travel. la an unfortunate (lay, it Is
said, this great arch fell Into tha stream,
and thla catastrophe was the origin ol
tha pleturssqua raplda at Tha Dallas.
Near-thla point, where-the . .rr. .aaseepa-f
on mrougn a aeep canyon, una streams
of water fall Into tha depths from ths
dlssy heights above, making aoma of
the most beautiful falls in the world.
Portland, tha prlda and metropolis of
the northwest, called by tha enthusias
tic tha "Rosa City." 'the "Pearl of the
Pacific." Is situated on tha Willamette
river, It is a city of fine business
houses, elegant chirrchea, and is noted
just now as tha site at tha coming
Letwls and Clark exposition of 1905.
Prom Its heights on a clear day can; "
seen tha glacier-crowned aummKsr of
Mts. Hood. St. Helen, Rainier, Adams,
Jefferson, and thla la indeed a sight
Lewis and Clark
! A Conspiracy of
The Jacksonville fire department not
only extinguishes fires, but contributes
to needy families who are fire sufferers.
Over 40 new buildings have been
erected In Corvallts during this year,
and other Improvements have been made.
"Post" seems to be an unfortunate
name; the Paisley Post hsa followed
ths North Bend Post to the journalistic
bo as yard.
Though Junction City went dry at the
ballet box, one of Its saloonkeepers will
try to continue his business, relying On
G. A. Waggoner of forvnllls 1s to
publish a book. "Stories of Old Oregon."
But he may not guarantee the truth of
all of them.
Still reports rome In of Morrow coun
ty men who bought land last year and
paid for it besides sll expenses with this
Two little girls were Immersed tn tha
Columbia opposite Irrlgon Sunday, an
incident showing that religious perfor
mances are some times void of summon
Ths rainy season of the Pacific north
west in the centuries gone by has cast
in tha lap of Oregon and Washington an
untold wealth in magnificent timber. The
majestic fir covsrs her mountains ahd
valleys from the summits of the Cas
cades to the sloping shores where cease
less surf of the mighty Pacific waahes
up the sands for a thoussnd miles south
ward. Here the finest and truly tha best
flavored apples of tha world are grown.
A few days ago wa rambled through
Horticultural hall at the St. Louis ex
position and viewed the apple display
from all the apple-growing states or
tha Union, but there were none which
would compare with those grown in the
Pacific northwest Here wool is said
to be of the finest grade, and . often
brings fancy prices because of its rare
quality. Hera tha Angora goat flour
ishes, and here are gtown hops as In no
state save that of New Tork. How
ever, tha lumber interests of this sec
tion overtop all others. The fir, the red
wood and the epruoe are noble trees. In
the western section where rain is abun
dant ths moisture-loving douglass fir
pierces the aky over 200 feet and aver
age as high as SO.tlOO feet of lumber per
acre. The atate of Oregon has approx
imately three hundred billion feet, bor.rd
measure, of standing timber, and this
s one sixth of the merchantable timber
of the United 8tates.
The tldeland spruce grows from 12 to
IB feet In diameter. Tn variety the for
ests comprise 14 kinds of pine, .two of
lurch, four of spruce, two of hemlock,
eight of fir, four of clar. redwood, Juni
per, birch, year, cottdnwood. 13 varle-
lea of willow, nve varieties or oak.
hsckberry snd acorca of other varie
ties which are not of sc great value
commercially. The lumber Industry of
this section haa fortunes for those who
will enter this great region' with the in
coming railroads, during the next gen
eration. Tha-anlld ellmste and the great, rain
fall, thei latter often aggregating 7
season on the coast and 4'i
, make the mutter of crops
Oregon a sure thing. The
mild, and roses bloom In the
Portland all the year round.
The areat wheat fields la the valley
of the Umatilla and about Walla Walla.
In the aaatarn sections, produce ths
heaviest grains In the world. It Is a'
sight worth traveling 2.000 miles to see
those vaat wheat fields over which run
the great reapers drawn by. upward of
.10 horses, and which ogt. thresh and
clean, and asck ths wheat, all in on
pmresa, leaving tha sacks scattered
about the field, ready to be gathered,
hauled tn the elevator and shipped to
To our eyes, the mighty Columbia
river, as it ffilwed on to the ocean, pre
sented a sight which we will never for
get Its scenery In the midst of the
Cascade mountains Is truly magnificent.
Hers It breaks through the rascsdea,
cutting a terrible gash in nature's bar
riers A beautiful Indian tradition has
It that at first tha Columbia undermined
Prom the PhiledelDhla Tnmiirer
It must be said for our friends out in
Oregon that they ara relatively doing a
greater amount of work in the Una of
publicity for the Lewis and Clark cen
tennial exposition to be held next sum
mer than was done for tha St. Louis fair
Of course, more Is needed, but those
delightful western fellows seem to have
a fine imagination and a good sense of
perspective. They want the world to
know that they ara alive. They want
the people of this country to come there.
many of them to aettle, and they are
doing their beat to accomplish success.
They have taken hold of tha fact that It
will be 100 years next summer since
Lewis and Clark first made tha overland
trip which finally resulted ih our terri
torial extensions to their shores.
There are three men-who must be ao
counted responsible for this condition of
affairs. It was Jefferson who got an
appropriation of 12.500 for the expedi
tion which the army carried out and
which, after many perils, resulted In
awakening the Intelligence of tha peo
ple of this country to a land which was
then ss remote as Is Manchuria today.
Then came Benton, the man whose
imagination saw tha east in setting sun,
the man who made It possible to hold
what he had explored and who, through
the Mexican war, made ths Pactflo coast
the national boundary complete on tha
south through hla sdjustmsnt of the
boundary on the north prevented a
senseless war on the slogan, "Fifty-four
forty or fight"
These men mads the west known; they
explored it. and Benton Is responsible
for the construction of the first rail
way to tha Pacific, by reason of which
there were others. tin was tha man
who predicted 10 years ago that within
a quarter of a century there would be
twenty millions of people living weat of
the Rockies, end--thsagh this has nnt.
quite coma true, it is up to the people
of that section to make it so, and their
fair is expected to have much of that
Our own Jay Cooke was the pathfinder
to the northwest, and he alone aurvlves
today of those seers who saw that tha
country once deemed a wilderneas waa
an empire of itself. There is room west
of the Rockies for fifty millions of peo
ple, and we only wish that some of. the
mil Hone who coma from Europe and
settle In the east could push on to that
section where opportunity stilt has ths
door wide open.
That far northweat la destined to
grow more rapidly in tha future than in
tha past Oregon and. Washington can
easily support 15,000,000, and they will
do It if energy and- advertisement can
accomplish such an end. We speak
good wordfor- tha-comlflft .fair, which
1 less to commemorate achievement
than to atlmulata development for the
future The east lies near Oregon.
Young men should remember this.
Prom tha San Francisco Bulletin.
"Conservative" is almost as impres
sive a word as "Mesopotamia." To bs
"conservative" is, in ths minds of many
persons, to be aound, right and worthy;
and not to be conservative la to be un
rsspectabls and dangerous. Most of
those' who reverence conservatism have
only a vague potion of what they mean
by tha word, but in the main It signifies
to them a disposition to follow beaten
tracks snd do as one's neighbors do, and
not to be original or novel or during,
Now no one la mora slavishly con
servvatlve, snore tightly bound by tra
dition and custom, mora snthralled by
tha peculiar jargon of his trade mere
words than the pompous, consequentlsl
financial writers of. those subsidised
newspapers which call themselves Con
servative. SUrangely enough, a kept
newspaper usually regards Itself ss the
pink or propriety in Journalism, and
looks with acorn on independent papers
that make a practice of speaking their
minds, telling the truth tn plain words
and taking bulls by the horns.
This orthodox reverence for conserva
tism perhaps explains why ao many of
the eastern newapapers in their finan
cial columns have suppressed the name
and endeavored to belittle the lata
achievements of Thomas W. Lawson.
Ona day lately 2, 891.000 shares of vari
ous companies were sold iti the New
York stock sxchanga, that being the big
gest day'a trading since Msy 9, 1901,
whan, in the Northern Paclflo panic,
S, 000,000 shares changed hands in one
,1-iV PfIam I. .... .0.........1 i.;,lhlw
It OM . I '1UI ... HI,-,
far, aa Lawson In his conspicuous adver
tisements said -they would. These ad
vertisements .were among the main
causes of tha drop. Lawson's name is
upon the lips not only of every specu
lator, but of every intelligent person In
the United States who takes an interest
in what la going on. Law son a magaalna
articles on tha operations of "the sys
tem" are the most sensational and In
tensely interesting publications that
have appeared in a decade. Whether
true, as most people firmly believe them
to be, or falae, as some aaaert that they
ara, they are at leaat topics of common
notoriety and universal concern, and as
such worthy of notice. How silly, then.
for the sapient "conservative" newspa
pers and news agencies to refuse to men
tion Lawson's name! Tet wa find Dun'a
Review speaking of the heavy selling -fn-
duoed by- the publications .of "a Boston
operator"; the Commercial and Klnancial-
Chronlcie referring to "a Boston operator
who delights to play upon public credu
lity"; Bradatreet" declaring that a great
deal of undue attention has been paid to
a "sensational operator In a neighboring
city,"- and other audi Journals treating
him In the same slighting way, like a
crowd of sehoolboya sending one of their
number of Coventry. This conspiracy of
silence against leawsnu goes to show
II, ,W Liiiiuimi SI'.otii ni.-n .nn -oi " -
caslnna. To Ignore Lawson Is about as
absurd as to say' the queen of Spain has
no legs. Lawson may be right or wrong.
good or bad, a demtgod or a devil; but
at least he is a fsct. Hs csnnot be an
nihilated by a refusal to mention his
December 29. There was a frost fell
last night nearly one quarter of an
inch In depth which continued to fall
till the suh had gained some height; the
mercury at sunrise was at nine degrees
below aero;- there was a number of
JjyJhtna. at the. fon Jn the course, of the
Prom the Klamath Republican.
The wholesale slaughter of water fowl
on the lower lakes is bringing out Just
Indignation on the part of the people
living in that portion of the country.
At the rate thla wanton slaying has been
going on the past fail It will only be , a
few seasons until the true sportsman
will have to seek other waters to enjoy
a true hunt and bag good game.
Hunters, or, rather, "butchers" from
San Krnnclsco, who hunt .or money In
stead of sport, are completely depopdlat
Ing tha lower waters af the beautiful
stately birds that have so long fed and
reared their broods upon the shallow
waters and among tha tules of that sec
Hired by the month or week, these
merciless marksmsn have coma from
the city, apd by use of pits and decoys
are having a success that is appallmg to
the humane citizen and true sportsmsn.
Two wagons are kept running dally from
the rendezvous of the lawless gang to
the railroad arid hundreds of the dainti
est and best flavored fowls on earth
are being shipped to San Francisco every
week like so much rubbish.
The hired hunters scout back andj
forth across ths Una between Califor
nia and Oregon and carry on their wan
ton slaughter unmolested by the officers
of the law.
It may be that there is no law. or that
they are taking advantage of a generous
open season to carry on their nefarious
But If there 1 a law it should be
enforced at once, and if there la not. it
should he seen to that the next legisla
tures of the two states provide lsws
against such killing at any and ail sea
sons. True sportsmanship should al
ways be encouraged, but criminal nbuse
of the right should Immediately be
Irirhse to a
From the New Tork Bun.
Bernard F. Martin, otherwise "Bar
nay," was a picturesque judge, with
plenty of humor and sympathy about
blm. Hs was not an witty ss Judge
Duffy, but he had a softer heart. He
was Influenced by a clever or absurd an
swer. One day a man eema "before him who
was visarged with threatening to kill
another with' an axe.
"What have you to ssy, Pstf asked
"T nlver athruek snny one wld an
sxe yer honor. I wouldn't hit a new
born babe wld an axe," said Pat.
"lUseharged.aald the Judge.
MOW TaTjrr xvosr
- O. S. Mardea in Sue-ess.
Through ths gambling Instinct.
They let their Insurance run out.
They bought things they did not need
-because they were cheap,
They subscribed for everything they
could pay for on the Installment plan.
Money enough went down In drink
ahd up tn smoke to - have saved the
The father always intended to get his
life Insured, but died without doing so.
They did not realise how easy it Is to
get Into debt and how hard It is to
The sons thought they must "saw
their wild oats aa well aa other "fal
lows of their sat."
The daughters thought It beneath
them to-work for a living, but we're
bound to dress welt.
They entertained too expensively end
a (treat deal more than they could af
ford because they wsnted people to think
they were In good circumstances.
The father thought that to go, on a
"spree" now snd then was his preroga
tive as head of the family. After a
while he availed himself of hla "prerog
ative" once too often. '
They let money enough slip through
their fingers te pay the mortgage sev
eral times over, but because the dste or
payment wss so far away they thought
there waa no danger of losing their
Their efforts to force their daughter 1
Into ths society of those shove them,
in the hope that they might make "bril
liant matches," Involved them hopelessly
mo vonn WSA
From the New YeVk Times.
Senator William J. Stone, recently dis
cussing the Republican landallde In Mis
souri with several polltlcal friends st
the Hoffman house, gave the following
Illustration of the campaign methods
practiced by the opposition In his state:
A man named Fleming went to a
friend of mine In St, Louis." said the
senator, "and asked for support in his
race for the atate senate.
"'I'm sorry." reuilad my friend; "but I
am opposed to the ticket snd I do not
want any of my friends to lend It re
spectability and strength.'
"Goodness gracious!1 exclaimed the
candldate.'Do you think that I would
lend It respectability?' In the face of
uch misleading modesty, concluded the
senator. "I there any wonder thaj the.
Missouri lemocracy was hoodwinked?
MS GOT TKE DSXMX.
BIOOBST mail. WAT STATIOW
The townsmen of Lelpalc. Saxony,
boast that 1n 10 years they will have tha
biggest railroad station in the world. It
will he spanned by seven Immense arches
each 140 feet wide, and Ita 13 train plat
forms will each be more.than 1.000 feet
long, while - different lines wl)t-un
into It. It will cost 132.500.000 to build.
Marble, granite, bronze ami steel will be
lsvlsly used. The waiting snd refresh
ment rooms srs to have gigantic frescoes
of famous German landscapes on the
walls, and the beer taps are tn dispense
20 different sorts of beer, so thai triuv
elsrs from every quarter msy have therf.
From the lone Proclslmer.
A lady attending tfle teachers'. Insti
tute at lleppner last week escorted two
of her lady friends up to the outer edge
of Phil Mets I s mahogany bar and
accosted the bensine mixer thus: "Give
me a drink." ,
The 'bartender threw a fit. then an
other, then six more, all of different
kinds, then produced the drink snd it
was drunk, drank and drlnked ,then and
there by tha irfdy aforesaid at the ex
pense of the Palace hotel, no pay being
vouchsafed, no t'rowlng out resorted to.
The Irr,lgon ladles who attended th
Institute last wee returned home Sat
urday minus their baggage An unfeel
ing Heppner landlord csn probably ex
tlsln the why snd wherefore.
P. 8. There is no connection betwesu
the twa above llama,