The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, December 14, 1904, Image 4

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    e of TEe Journal
PORTLAND. OREGON.
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 14. 1804.
Editorial
Pag
THE OREGON DAILY
AN
C 8. JACKSON
Published every evening ( except Sunday ) aad every Sunday morning at
INCREASE OF CRIME IN UNITED STATES.
STATISTICS gathered for McClure's Magazine in
regard to the prevalence of crime in the United
States, as compared with other countries, are not
flattering to our boasted institutions, and may well cause
statesmen as well as sociologists to inquire not only with
diligent scrutiny but with pained humility into the causes
and the remedies.
Only in Russia, according to the magazine mentioned,
are more murders committed than m the United State's,
and we are a close second to Russia in this respect. The
proportion here is more than double that of any other
European country, and ten times as many murders are
committed here as in Great Britain and Ireland.
' Not only so, but this and other atrocious crimes are
alarmingly on the increase. This is not due to the in
flux of foreigners, for states with few immigrants, like
Kentucky, show their full quota of murders. McClure's
insists, indeed, that the immigrants who commit crimes
mostly get their education m law-breaking after arriving,
iu this country.
The principal reasons for this deplorable state of af
fairs are two: The delay and uncertainty of justice; and
the open and insolent violation of law by corporations,
financiers, politicians, officeholders and leaders of so
ciety. Here, if a man of means, or one who has friends with
money, commits a murder, the chances are at least even
that he will not be punished according to law, and if he is
executed it is only after long delays for the most trivia
reasons. And as to other crimes, few rich people or
those with influential friends are punished at all, or only
nominally. A bank president may rob hundreds of peo
ple out of hundreds of thousands of dollars, and the
chances are now about ten to one that he will escape with
a light penalty, even if he be punished at all.
Our great railroad corporations violate the laws daily,
openly, defiantly, scornfully, and our courts are power
less to punish them, to prevent them from doing so, or
even judiciously to ascertain the facts. And congress,
session after session, term after term, refuses to take any
steps to bring them to book. Why should not individ
uals reason that they should have the same privilege to
violate laws at will that corporations and syndicates en
joy? The spirit of lawlessness does not spring from the soil,
from the foundation, and spread upward, so much as it
springs from the creatures of law who spurn and trample
upon the very means, which gave them an existence and
opportunity to acquire vast wealth.
There is a widespread and growing feeling permeating
like an insidious disease our whole social, political and
economic systems, that laws are made for other people,
or to obey only when it suits our convenience and will be
to our advantage; and further, that if we do get caught
in the meshes of the law we can readily escape that is,
if we are anybody at all.
This pernicious spirit permeates officialdom. Burton
was kicked out of the senate but nobody doubts that men,
worse than Burton, have been influential there for a quar
ter pf a century. Our state passes a law to protect sal
mon; the officer charged with its execution ignores it.
Contractors systematically plunder the taxpayers and'
nobody supposes they can do so habitually and contin
ual! without collusion with officials. It is more trouble
and work to close up a gambling house, a clearly and in
disputably illegal and an utterly vicious concern, than it
would be to build the portage railroad and a line of river
steamers.
One crime leads to another; one violator of law cor
rupts others, either by example or precept- Some will
only go so far in law-breaking; others lose all restraint,
and become everything criminal up to murderers.
What is needed badly in this country is fhe prompt
Enforcement, of laws against all alike, both in original,
prosecutions, in subsequent proceedings, and in penalties.
FRUIT INDUSTRY IN OREGON.
WHILE complete and exact figures are not yet
obtainable, enough are available to show that
the fruit crop of Oregon, as a whole, has ex
ceeded in quantity, quality and value that of any former
year, and this despite the large shrinkage in prune pro
duction, owing to non-paying prices. For all other fruits
of good quality there is and has been a ready and brisk
demand, at prices yielding fair profits, and in many in
stances very large profits, to the horticultura'lists of the
state.
Every year for several years past this has been true
a larger yield, and taken altogether products of better
quality, than the year before. And this will doubtless
be the case for many years to come. While the yield
of fruits this year makes a fairly good showing, the state
has made as yet only a beginning of what it can and
should do in the prosecution of this pleasant, useful and
profitable industry.
The Hood River apples have literally obtained world
wide fame. They are the favorite apples not only in New
York and Boston, near which cities are countless or
chards producing good apples, but .in London, Berlin, St.
Petersburg, Hongkong and Manila. And perhaps not
more than one tenth of the Hood River valley is yet util
ized to the full extent in fruit production. But it is not
only Hood River that can produce apples of very su
perior quality. Other localities in various eastern Ore
gon counties, almost all of them in fact, can do the same.
Then in southern Oregon, especially in Jackson county,
so far as development along this line has yet gone, there
are thousands of acres of as fine apple orchards as can
be found in the United States, producing fruit almost if
not quite equal to that of Hood Riverr and there are
other tens of thousands of acres equally well adapted to
this purpose. And in the Willamette valley, while per-
pooling A PRACTICAL JO
New York's all too well known prac
tical Joker, Brian O. Hughes, owes his
reputation part of It, at least to a
carefully planned practical Joke on some
unsuspecting- friends. He actually went
to the trouble to box up a harmless
little powder, which was labelled
"Poison to Roaches," and this he dis
tributed widely among- his friends. Bach
package contained a slip announcing that
the second box of the preparation would
be infallible. A number of people were
Induced to ask for this box. The second
box contained the following directions:
"First catch the rosch, then hold it
firmly and tickle It with feather till
It laughs, then. drop some of the powder
down Ita throat and choke It "
Street of a
From the Philadelphia Record.
The judicial dignity that character
ises proceedings In the central police
Court, where Magistrate Korkereperger
dispense Justice, was rudely Jarred yes
terday. At the ber was a prisoner with a
record as a hardened offender, and upon
Mas the magistrate fixed a stern, un
compromising eye. 'You are a bad man
e very bad man." he aald. "It Is
necessary to make an example of you
INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER
PUBLISHED BY JOURNAL PUBLISHING CO.
streets, ror nana, uregon.
FICIAL PAPER OF THE CITY OF PORTLAND
limited quantities.
well-tended apple
The apple is the
tury, toward supplying that demand.
But Oregon can,
be an increasing
gions where they
ford a constantly
is apparent that
fruit state. The
become, one of vast
ond to any in the
forward and upward
growing states that
the state should
adopt such changes
may fall far. below
as sewer work, the
Imperfect work may
the resulting damage may be enormous, as was illus
trated by the Tanner creek sewer lsst spring. Ohe well
authenticated case of carelessness or connivance com
pletely unsettles
goes even back of that" for it necessarily calls into ques
tion the method of advertising for the bids and the de
termination of whether certain withheld information was
at the disposal of favored bidders thus giving them an
undue advantage. It likewise brings 'into question all
bills for extras.
city and taxpayers.
hirst, that there be
report on all jobs
of the city engineer's department, and second, that the
engineer, assistant engineer and the inspector involved
in the Tanner creek scandal be at once removed from of
fice and the whole department at once placed upon a
basis to command public confidence.
GETTING TOGETHER ON THE SALMON LAWS.
THE southwest Washington legislative combine,
consisting of senators and representatives, will
meet with .the western Oregon legislative repre
sentatives at Astoria tomorrow afternoon at I o'clock
for the purpose of arranging for a uniform system of laws
with reference to the salmon fishing industry. The
whole outlook has become so serious that those engaged
in the business have themselves become alarmed, for a
continuance of the present methods will undoubtedly
lead to the destruction of the industry. In this respect
Washington has been a great sinner but Oregon has also
sinned.
It is absolutely necessary that sharp and decisive
action be at once taken in this matter, but it is quite as
necessary that whatever is decided upon-shoulrnbe up
held by public sentiment and that the fish wardens ex
ecute the law to the letter. Much of the trouble now ex
perienced results from the very fact that the law as it
stands is not enforced. The wardens have winked at
evasions and the closed seasons have been delusions and
snares. Nobody has paid any attention to them and no
body now would but for the fact that the industry is
threatened with a genuine calamity.
It is probably not yet too late to set in motion plans to
remedy the evil but the starting point must be a strict
enforcement of the laws no matter against whom they
may operate nor what apparent hardship they work.
The general interests are involved in the outcome and
the lesson of the past should not be lost upon any one.
and I am going to give you a heavy
sentence an extra heavy sentence. You
will go to the house of correction for
one year."
Aa the magistrate pronounced the sen
tence the court aeatof Justice gave way
In the underpinning and dropped the
"Judge" to the floor. "I guess the
weight of the sentence busted It."
chuckled the hardened offender as he
was led to the pen.
Bow Osriyls Talked.
From "Retroepects."
I have heard Carlyle pour forth a
continuous stream of Impassioned decla
mation for more than an hour at a
time; and eo keen were his charactarlsa
tlona, ao felicitous his arrow-shots of
criticism, so rich his satire, eo Intense
his patriotic sympathy wth all that be
longed te national life and character,
that no listener could wish the wonder
ful utterance te ceaae.
Italian Xm migration.
From the World s Work,
a the past 30 years Italy has sent
more than 2.000,000 persons to the Uni
ted States. A number of these have re
turned In the course of time, bringing
with them carefully , hoarded ssvlngs.
A very lnrge msjorltv hsve remained In
the United States.
JOURNAL
JNO. P. CARROLL
The Journal Building, Fifth and Yamhill
haps not quite so delightfully pungent a flavor can be ob
tained, apples of excellent quality, and that will (jnd
reiidy sale in the markets, can be grown in almost un
We speak here of apples particularly because they are
the great standby among fruits. Good apples are good
nearly all the year, and are always salable. The supply,
the year through, newer equals the demand. - They make
the safest fruit crop, both in the matter of production and
in point of marketing profitably. A man with a good,
orchard is always sure of an income.
king of .fruits. The world is constantly
demanding good apples, more than it can get, and Oregon
can do considerable during the next quarter of a cen
produce a large list and variety of
other fruits and berries in great profusion and in size
and quality equaling those raised in any part of the
country. As our population grows there will of course
home market for these fruits, and re'
cannot be profitably raised will also af
growing market. For these reasons it
Oregon is destined to become a great
fruit industry may become, and should
proportions and value, scarcely sec
state.
Whether this shall be so, whether Oregon shall move
into the place in the rank of fruit
fts soil, climate and other advantages
entitle it to hold, depends largely upon the methods pur
sued by horticulturalists, upon the care and conscien
tiousness with which they raise and market their pro
ducts. A great change for the better has taken place in
this respect during the past few years, but there is still
room for much further improvement .And to effect this
assist by siitfi legislation as experience
has shown necessary or beneficial. The state board of
horticulture has done an excellent work, and it will be
safe and reasonable for the state to follow its advice and
in the law as it may recommend.
TWO NEEDED STEPS.
THERE, IS NOT an unprejudiced man in Portland
who now believes that either the city engineer,
his assistant, his inspector or the contractor did
his duty in the Tanner creek sewer construction work.
The dereliction of the city engineer, who, after all, is
the man directly responsible to the people, is so far
reaching in its consequences that the public has been
fairly startled. Public work involving thousands upon
thousands of dollars is done each year under his super
intendence. He, and he alone, stands between the tax
payer and robbery. It is not afione that the contractors
may be overpaid for the work niey ought to do but thlt
with his connivance or through his carelessness the work
the standard specified. In cases such
subsequent damage may be enormous.
cause the sewer to be blocked and
public confidence. When one case is
discovered the public is justified in fearing the worst.
It puts an odOr of suspicion about every other job com
pleted or in progress under the same administration. It
The situation could not well be more serious for the
It calls for two distinct steps'.
a rigid investigation and an impartial
now being done under the 'supervision
SPARE XJSaT NOT WANTED.
From the Chicago Tribune.
Plerpont Morgan Is not what might be
called garrulous. In fact, he seldom
speaks unless he has something to, say.
On one occasion he wanted to get a
superintendent for a certain new depart
ment that he had established. He
thought he knew the man for this sup
erlntendency en assistant to one of his
colleagues.
He sent for the colleague and said:
"I am setting up, you know, a certain
new depertment. I shall want a new
superintendent. I think Bfbwn. In your
office, would fill the place well, Indeed."
"I am sure he would," said the other.
"The only trouble Is, Mr. Morgan. Brown
can't be spared."
"I don't want a man that you can
spare," replied Morgan.
Brown was appointed.
at
From the Lebanon. Va.. News,
Misses Maud and Minnie Thompson,
Lillian Wilton and Katy Hummel, ac
companied by Harry Thompson. "Sam"
Couch snd Floyd Thompson attended a
funeral In Buchanan, Sunday, and. got
plenty of grapes and chestnut, and a
good old dinner and reported Just a tine
time. We bet they will do Regain.
r
Small Change j
Tax the fakers high.
Will Mrs. Chadwlck write a book?
This Is the week to do your Christ,
mas buying.
Be cautious about Christmas enter
tainment fires.
s
Shouldn't the coroner be arrested for
something too?
Nan Patterson will now edge In front
of Mrs. Chadwlck.
Don't begin to worry already about
next year's weather.
Maybe Mrs. Chadwlck contributed to
Cortolyou's campaign fund.
Old Habeas Corpus scarcely gets a
day's rest In this lively town.
Any town that doesn't want a new
charter Is entitled to a premium.
The twilight of the day of public
gambling In Oregon Is approaching.
Banker Beckwlth forgot to give her a
little loose change he had In his pocket
Perhaps Mrs. Chadwlck will now have
an opportunity to enjoy the simple life.
Now Mrs. Chadwlck will be under the
necessity of proving her Insanity again.
There Is nothing small about Mrs.
Chadwlck, financially, except the out
come. If Banker Beckwlth had had any more
money Mrs. Chadwlck could have
had It
Sixteen canons to one crown prince,
was the ratio In an Italian baptismal
servloe.
Glad to hear that Senator Mitchell and
Representative Hermann are so busy In
Washington In Oregon's behalf.
That Baltic fleet la not making the
time that the battleship Oregon did from
the I'acinc coast to Santiago bay.
Tariff reform Is to be put off till fall.
It Is said. And then till spring, and
then till fall, and so on, probably.
Albany Democrat: As a big land
thief what Is the matter of the Northern
Pacific and numerous other Pacifies?
That there Is a Mrs. Chadwlck Is
not so strange as that there should be
bankers like Beckwlth and Newton.
We may have to Import some sheriffs,
constables, coroners and police officers
to help take care of the arresting boom.
The nnvv last- VMr eosf ahnnl 11 via.
capita. We don't msjd our dollar, but
feel a good deal of sympathy for Uncle
Russell Sage on account of his.
What Is the matter with the Olsens?
Within a few days one committed sui
cide, another attempted to commit sui
cide, and another narrowly missed being
murdered.
Jim Jeffries' father Is to make a
preaching tour around the world. He
and Jim traveling together ought, to
draw piles of silver, but the old man
alone Is likely to encounter frosts.
Mrs. Howard Gould has chosen a
queer way to acquire notoriety and keep
ner name in the newspapers by refus
ing to pay her bills. If she keeps this
up much longer she will have to pay
cash whan she orders a few thousand
dollars worth of gowns.
Oregon Sidelights t
Stayton chair factory running "full
Dinar.
Coos county also exports a good many
turiceys.
All of IS votes were cast at the Amltv
city election.
Thirty votes were cast in the
Pilot
Rock election.
Sixty-three votes were east at the
lone city election.
The Urtratllla river is lower than It
has been for SO years.
Isn't this playing st being a city by
some small settlements rather absurd?
No use yet for sleighs In eastern
Oregon. But wait a little.
There are 200,000 sheep In Umatilla
county two thirds of them ewes.
Klamath countv sawmills are all tintr
and improvements are going on all over
the county.
The Nyssa Progreas gives notice that
hereafter no liquor advertisements of
any nature will appear In Us columns.
It Is now believed that the W. V. A
C. M. Wagon Road compann. will loin
with the people of the MalMlur valley.
and that the big Irrigation project will
be pulled off.
Rcho News: The Maxwell Land A
Irrigation company, backed almost ex
clusively by Seattle capital, Is now vig
orously pushing the construction work
on Its large Irrigation system In the
Maxwell and Cold Spring valleys. Out
of a vast expanse of sand and sage
brush, practically worthless, will be
produced hundreds of thousands of dol
lars worth of taxable property. This
one enterprise alone will Increase the
sasessment roll of the county over
11,000,000.
A. H. Carson, near Grants Paaa, raised
3,000 crates of fine grapea from 35 acres
of land, and will plant 15 acres more.
He raises principally the Rose of Peru,
Mnlvolee, Tokay and Mission He has
engaged in general farming and nursery
business, but has found thst grape grow
ing la more profitable than either of
the other vocations and he will here
after confine his attention to grape
growing. Mr. Carson's success Is but
added proof thst the Rogue River valley
will soon become one of the great vine
yard districts of the United States. 5?
Vale Oasette: Fully 120,000 seres will
bs Irrigated under this (the government)
project It Is now estimated that the
cnet of reclamation will not be over 126
an acre. All the government asks Is
the cost of reclamation. The govern
ment loans you 12,000,000 without In
terest. What mere do you want? You've
got the earth, and the government offers
you the water. Will you tske It. or
will you linger on snd let It slip from
your grasp? Now Is .your time to make
Melheur county the most productive
section west of the Rockies.
Land Policy of
German Cities
From the New Tork Churchman.
A conference on housing reform was
recently held at Bournevllle, a model
village near Birmingham. From an ac
count of It given In the New York Even
Ing Post, Its chief Interest seems to have
been the revelation of astonishing prog
ress made by German municipalities and
the rapidly widening scope of their
Ideals of corporate functions. Scien
tists, engineers and sanitarians have co
operated with the governing bodies of
the nation, states and cities to elaborate
a system of laws that shall facilitate
condemnation of lund for municipal use,
a fuller control of the use of building
sites, the elaboration of far-reaching
street plans, and progressive taxation of
vacant lands according to the unearned
Increment of their value through urban
arrowth. Under the Saxon law. If the
city thinks any plot of land too small to
serve aa a site for such buildings, as it
would like to see built, the plot must
be sold to the community. The city
has also power to distribute plots If
their ownership hinders the carrying out
of the city's plan by reason of their form
or else or position. Every New Yorker
knows of cases In this city where such
municipal rights aa the Saxon law con
fers could have been used to the great
gain f the public and the Injury of no
man.' German municipalities are also
purchasing large aores of land, which
they cover with dwellings for the poorer
classes. It Is stated that no leas than
1,100 communities have already sum
clent Income from rents to do without
local taxation. The purchases of Ber
lin-have extended 20 miles beyond the
center of the city. Frankfort-on-the-Maln
ha adopted a measure of land
taxation that Is the nearest approach
yet attempted to the single tax of Henry
George. Unimproved building sites are
In many cities taxed as they would be In
this country, on She basts of their sen
lna- price. A few years ago, when .the
tax was on income, tney practically es
raped taxation altogether, and specula
tion was thus greatly encouraged. But
Frankfort has gone a step further
After the land has Increased SO per cent
beyond Its original assessed value it Is
taxed 6 per cent on any increase up to
48, 10 per cent on an Increase from 50 to
74. and SO per cent on any greater in
crease. This does not actually conris-
cnte the unearned Increment, as Mr.
George proposed, but It Is certainly a
long step In that direction, and a step
that Berlin is about to follow. The ad
vantages claimed by the advocates of
the measure are that It tends Pa depress
the price of unimproved lands, to prevent
speculation, and to stimulate building,
and thus In every way to assist In the
housing of urban population.
TBAOxnra otaha to shoot.
Horace
Fletcher In the
December
World's Work. '
'Twenty-five years ago I was an ax
oerlencod rifle shot, and could hit .1
moving object every time. The 32-call-
ber rifle and machine, made cartridge.
which came Into general use In the
70s, made extensive rifle practice possi
ble. I wrote and published at the time
a tmrnchlet on how to shoot with a rifle.
It happened that coplee of the pamphlet
reached Japan, where I spent some time
soon after. Japan hsd Just begun to
make a military organisation on the
most modern lines, and Marquis Oyama
WW Tntrrtster of war. He invited me
to visit him In his home at Toklo, and
showed great Interest In the method
of learning to shoot at a moving object
with a rifle. He had already seen the
pamphlet
I had a number of American rifles
and ample ammunition with me In
Japan, and Marquis Oyama and the then
Colonel Murata (Inventor of the Japa
nese military rifle) Joined me several
afternoons at target practice. They en
tered enthusiastically Into the spirit
Oyama In particular showing the en
thusiasm of a boy. I shall never forget
his keen Joy the first time he hit a
moving object with a bullet. It was a
teapot thrown In the air. I believe, and
when It came down In dust and pieces
he capered about and screamed in his
delight like an excited schoolboy.
OXOVZTT.
From the Chicago Tribune.
In the early days of Springfield, Mo.,
a preacher bought some sausage for
lunch one Sunday and took it to church
with him. He carried the sausage In the
back pocket of his coat, and a dog, catch
ing the scent, followed him. Every few
feet the preacher would kick backward
at the dog without looking around. Ar
riving at church, the preacher began the
services and the dog lay behind the al
tar. A few minutes later one of the deacons
stole quietly up behind the preacher. In
tending to hand him a sheet of paper,
and pulled his coat tall. Without glanc
ing back, the preacher gave one vicious
kick and sent the deacon rolling down
the altar steps on to the dog, which set
up a terrible howling. The preacher,
still looking straight ahead, said:
"My friends, this thieving scoundrel
hss been trying to rob me ever since I
made a purchase at the butcher shop
before coming here."
When the preacher discovered what he
had done he dismlased the congregation
aad went outside to kick the dog.
TJP-TO-D ATE AOTJTXgdara.
From the New York Herald.
It Is a surprise to find some of the
newest methods of sdvertislng In com
mon practice in Russia. Indeed, the
tricks of the trade there are perfectly
understood. A New York business man
connected with one of the 'largest ad
vertising agencies is authority for the
following story.
He was In St Petersburg, on a crowd
ed street, when his attention Wss at
tracted by a forlorn little boy, ragged
and apparently half-starved, who was
crying bitterly.
"What's the matter, little boy?" he
asked.
A crowd quickly collected sbout them.
The boy continued to cry until the crowd
had thickened, when he raised a shrill
voice and repeated the following for
mula: "Please, sir, I am lost. Will anybody
take me to my father, Ivsn Troubetskoy.
the champion clothier of the east end,
who has Just got in a stock of autumn
overcoats, suits, neckties, shirts, hats
and umbrellas, which he will sell cheap
er than arty one In the city?"
SUP,
OF BIOBTBO
From Leslie's Weekly.
Under a local regulation made possi
ble by the new state municipal cods
the city of Cleveland, O.. haa forged to
the front among American municipali
ties In dealing with the signboard nui
sance. The regulation referred to de
clares all signboards and billboards now
and hereafter erected -on any residence
street within 200 feet of any park, park
boulevard or driveway Cexcept on one
sheet boards for advertising premises
thst are for sale) to be nuleances, and
ths Inspector of buildings Is given power
to abate them.
Moreover, the code provides that "no
sign, signboard or billboard shall bs
placed upon any public property, nor
shall any auoh signboard or billboard,
inclusive of placards, be ftxed or placed
upon any building so as to project be
yond the street line," without an official
permit This action should lend en
couragement to other cities that are
seeking to abate similar nuisances and
point ths way.
The women and offlolals of Cleveland
have also devised a simple way for over
coming soms of ths objectionable fea
tures of billboards which will not come
within the provision of the cede, by the
planting of quickly growing shrubs and
bushes In front of ths offending bill
boards. It la Strang Indeed thst It requires
so much effort In civilised communities
to arouse public sentiment against the
signboard abomination.
Helped Make '
"Cardiff Giant
Michael Foley of Fort Dodge, lows,
remembers well ths time he was en
gaged to quarry ths rock which was af
terward made Into the Cardiff Giant one
of the most colossal frauds svsr per
petrated upon the public.
It was In July, 186 8, that two men,
one giving his name aa Hull of Syracuse
and the other Martin, claiming to hall
from Cedar Rapids,- sngaged quarters
at ths St. Charles hotel In Fort Dodge.
They pretended to be studying condi
tions about Fort Dodge and Inquiries as
to where they could find a large ledge
of gypsum rock.
They even went so far aa to buy an
acre of ground and quarried it to find
Just what they wanted, but faljed. They
were finally Informed In a casual way
that Michael Foley, ,who was getting out
rock for a railroad company, could prob
ably gst them what they wanted. When
pressed for an explanation as to what
purpose they had. Hull explained that
they were going to ship it to New York
to exhibit and then raise a stock com
pany to. manufacture plaster of parts.
Martin said they were going to take it
to Springfield, HI., as Iowa's oontrtbu
tlon to ths Lincoln monument, which
was being built
Mr. Foley informed them that he could
flu their order. He had Just stripped a
ledge of gypsum rock about 100 feet
long. On top of this he drilled some
IS holes and poured In powder. A long
fuse touched It off end a rock was
broken loose 24 feet long, S feet wide
and II Inches thick. When It had been
placed on a dock, previous to loading on
a wagon. It was cut in two. When all
was In readiness for transportation to
Boone, a distance of 40 miles, six yoke
of oxen were hitched to the wagon. So
heavy was the load that every bridge
succumbed to the weight and It was
found necessary to follow ths stone with
a derrick to rescue ths load from ths
wrecked bridges.
Mr. Foley was paid nothing more than
day's wages, and at the time gave no
heed to what might be the real purpose
of the men.
The stone was shipped to Chicago,
where It was given over to a sculptor,
who carved It Into a giant, pricked It
with needles while It was soft, to give
It the appearance of human skin, treated
It with adds to give it an ancient ap
pea rnce and packed It In an Iron box
12 feet long, 4 feet wide and I reet
deep. In this manner he shipped It to
George Olds, at Union. N. Y. It arrived
at Union on October IS, list, a m
claimed the box. loaded it on a wagon,
hitched on four horses and carted it 50
miles to Cardiff, in Onondaga county;
New York. There the giant was burled
and remained until October 11. 1869
when discovery of the giant was made
by persons pretending to dig for a welL
Special trains were run rrom new
York, carrying visitors by ths thou
sands, and It Is estimated that 50.000
t arsons visited the spot during the first
week sfter It was discovered, paying
il each for a sight of the giant Many
scientists were attracted to the place
and viewed it and differed in their opin
ions. Some pronounced It genuine, while
others called it a fraud. P. T. Barnum
offered $40,000 for It and his offer was
rejected.
It. F. Gue. lieutenant governor or
Iowa, then editor of the Iowa Northweat.
traced the matter, and published the
first exposure of the Cardiff Giant
The story Is told by President Hadley
of Yale university, who enjoys a gcod
story none the less If he himself be the
victim. Mr. Hadley was traveling In
Yellowstone park when he chanced upon
a young man whom from his appearance
he Judged to be a student
"Thla la a wonderful scene, isn t ht"
sald the professor.
The stranger smiled, nodded to nis
questioner and turnsd without speaking
to look at the view.
'Do you think." asked President Had
ley, now confirmed In his Idea that he
was talking to a student, "that this
chasm was caused by some great up
heaval of nature, or Is It the result of
erosion or glacial action? What are
your vlewr
'My views, said the stranger quickly.
opening a bag he carried containing
photographs, "are only S2 a dosen and
are cheap at the price. Let me show
you some samples."
TO AJK)t.Tg SPT!CTACI.ES.
From the Philadelphia Telegraph.
Optimists believe that Dr. Stephen
Smith, surgeon of the eye department
of Battersea Park hospital, Nottingham.
England, has discovered a new treat
ment of the eye which will practically
abolish epectaclss. It Is styled "manip
ulation of the eye," and Is gentle and
gradual, occupying a few minutes daily,
cauatng no pain and having no injurious
effect of any sort Some patients are
cured In a week, and in all cases Im
provement la rapid
Thirty patients who have been obliged
to wsar spectscles for a long time have
so far been treated by Dr. Smith, and.
1th a single exception, all have dis
carded glasses and can now read, at
either long or short distances, aa well
as people who have never needed assist
ance. The cures of myopia, hypermetmpla
and astigmatism are said to be perma
nent, y '
"2sOitobabi.ii tomisaiib -
From ths New York Herald.
A neighbor of mine up In New Ro-
rhelle has a boy of 10 of peculiarly
Inquiring turn of mind," ssid Marc
KlaW, "and. during ths recent campaign
he was an omnivorous reader of the po
litical columns in the newspapers. He
knew the name of all ths leading can
didates and took a deep Interest In their
personalities One day while ha wss
studying out a paragraph In a paper he
looked up to his mother and said:
'"Mamma, what does "Hon." mean?
"'"Hon?" I don't understand you.
Hon Whatr
" "Why, it says "Hon." Tom Watson.
What Is "Hnn.' T
" 'Oh. 1 hut's only an abbreviation
"lion " means honorable.'
" 'Well, mamma, who is the Honorable
Tomerable Watson, any way r "
Tke Yankee Head
Losing Shape
Jamea Creelmaa in New York World.
After years of observation la ths
crowded tenements of Now York and
Chicago, Robert Hunter, the young so
ciologist who married Anson Phelps
Stokes' daughter, declares that continued
immigration from southern Europe -will
make the American skull shorter and
broadar. -
Whan It is remembered that more
than 20,000,000 Immigrants havs coma to
ths United States since 1820, and that
our Immigration which at prssent
amounts to about 1,000,000 persons a
year has largely changed from north
ern Europeans to southern and saatern
Europeans Italians, Hungarians, Lith
uanians, Croatian and Polish, Rou
manian and Russian Jews this proph
ecy regarding the shape of . ths future
American's head la pregnant with sug
gestions of coming changes In our na
tlonal characteristic.
The broad-and-short-headed man Is
practical but unimaginative. Ths man
with the high and narrow head is the
Idealist
One can execute, but cannot invent.
Ths other IS a dreamer, without force
or mental disposition to carry his Ideas
into, effect
Last Friday 4,(05 Immigrants were
landed in the port of New York. The
next day 4,949 more were landed. Thla
made 9,8(4 Immigrants In two days, ths
vast majority being of the short-and-broad-headed
type of southern and east
ern Europe.
In these two days leas than 600 per-.
sons were born in the whole . city of
New York.
It la said that Americans were be
coming less sentimental and more prac
tical, and this criticism is applied mora
frequently as ths industrial supremacy;
of America becomes more apparent
It Is also asserted that the birth-rate
among native Americans Is decreasing
in communities where the inrush of
aliens has Increased Industrial competi
tion and forced the standard of living
downward. That suggestive fact la
shown in Connecticut. Maine, Massachu
setts, New Hampshire. Rhode Island and
Vermont, where In 1900 the yearly death
rate of whits persons of native parent
age exceeded the birth rat by mors
than one In a thousand, hut the birth
rats among whits persons of foreign
parentage exceeded the death rat by,
more than 44 in 1,000.
The change in economic conditions be
ing better for the Immigrant and worse
for the native, explain this curious and
startling tendency which leads many
who are studying the situation to
prophecy the rapid submergence and
final extinction of ths original whlta
stock of the country.
If the American of the future Is to
have short and broad skull and a
glance at any averag audience In the
crowded neighborhoods of Nsw York
tend to confirm the theory it 1 inter
esting to know what aclsnc rsvsals con
cerning the aubject.
While ths so-called science of phre
nology is not seriously accepted, there
are certain average characteristics of
ths skull, as to sis and shape, which
the scientific world takes as indications
of msntsl power and type. Man like
Brooa, the criminologist aad Mante
gassa. ths anthropologist have by In
vestigating the skulls and mental char
acteristics of thousands of human be
ings, proved a relationship between the
twq to which there are few exceptions.
The moral and Imaginative faculties)
lis on ths top of ths brain. Ths prac
tical faculties lie at the base. The per
ceptive brain 1 to front The attribute
of domeatlolty are behind.
Among the early immigrant to Amer
ica was a large number of persona
whose devotion to political Ideals In
duced them to cross ths Atlantic The
Irish. German, English and French,
whose lovs of Individual liberty drove
them from their native soil, had high
top heads. They brought with them
minds strongly disposed to Idealism.
Thsse pioneers with high skulls drew
after them those whom poverty and
drudgery Impelled to seek new homes
for purely material reason Ths immi
grant with the broad, ahort head was
seen more frequently.
Today the great bulk of our Immigra
tion comes from the countries In which
(he peasantry havs for generations been
coerced from the Ideal to the practical
and material. The' few artists among
them have high skulls, but the masses
havs short heads widened at the bass by
the struggle . for exlstsnos which ha
called for the almost exclusive exercise
of that part of the brain which deals
with the vital and practical.
Wldeness Just over the ears la taken
to Indicate destructiveness and combat
Ittveness. Wldeness little higher up
means cautiousness. A full, overhang
ing backhead. such as one sees in ths
German type, represents domesticity. A
famous authority illustrates ths point
by an examination of the head of m
cat
"If It is a domestlo cat It will bs
largely developed In the posterior region
and the back of the head will protrude,
out li it is averse to being petted It wl'l
show no particular development In thla
region. If It Is a very cautious cat the
side development will be fully repre
sented and cautiousness will be large
and active. If it is an observing cat.
and a good mouser. It wlU be developed
over the eyes."
A study of the Immigrants pouring
Into New York Just now seems to oon- -firm
the Idea that the typical Amarlcan
of ths future will be more practical and
domestic, but lsss Imaginative, less be
nevolent and lsss reverent
Another fact not without grave Im
plications ths expenditure of about
150,000.000 In 10 years for ths cur of
ths, foreign born Insane to the United
States, not to speak of the official state
ment that, of something like St.ono
Insane persons In New York stats, one-
half are foreign born, although the
aliens In the state only amount to one-
fourth of the whole population.
J Clark
iewis an
In winter quarters In what Is
now
North Dakota.
December 14. The morning was fins.
and the weather having moderated eo
far that the mercury stood at sero, Cap
tain Lewis went down with a party to
hunt; they had proceeded about IS miles
but the buffalo having left the hanks
Of ths river they saw only two, which
were so poor aa not to be worth killing,
and shot two deer. Notwithstanding
the snow ws were visited by a large
number of the Mandan
From the Chloago Tribune.
"Well," said ths old doctor, "you've
got your diploma now."
"Yes," replied the young on. "1
worked very hard for it, and now I d like
to go away for a vacation, but I havs to
start right in and practice."
"Well, that will give you a long and
much needed rest'
t