The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, December 04, 1904, Image 34

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    THE OREGON SUNDAY JOURNAL. PORTLAND. SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 4, 1101
. 1
Philanthropy as a Moral Narcotic
By LADY HENRY SOMERSET.
(fop.clnht 1904. by the tmnlrin JmrniHi
emitter. Urut Britain Rights Imrnl.)
THK hope of the world for tomor
row reau not so much on the
fart that charity will Increase,
but rather that philanthropy will
reuse tn be used as a moral narcotic by
be Indolent and wealthy, and will be
regarded as a science requiring constant
study. Much of the so-called "doing
good" Is really of use only to tbpse
whom It trains In ways of self-denlel and
unselfishness, but It Is of little permanent
value to the community. The trouble
. of our present system consists In the
fact that our sympathy la called out by
the Individual; we take steps to relieve
the evil that we recognise, but we do
not take sufficient pains to look on the
well-being of the community and to the
untlmate results of our sctlon.
For 1.1 years. In consequence of an
agitation which was set on foot In Eng
land, mentally deficient children have
been educated In special schools estab
lished under the board of education. The
children are admitted after medical ex
amination. Minute particulars are re
quired as to parents, family history and
the condition, of the home. Needless to
ay, the usual report shows that " the
child Is lll-nourlshed. has no "home"
In the real sense of the word, and that
the parents are either diseased or trie
temperate, and frequently they are de
fective either mentally or morally. What
chance have such children unless ths
nation makes Itself responsible for their
care? This was the question which wss
very rightly asked a few years ago,
when, these schools were established,
with the result that the stats, undertook
the duty of their education. This duty
has hitherto, however, only been recog
nised during school age. Individual care
Is given by special teachers adapted for
the work, and special training Is provided
according to the child's capabilities.
The eyes and hands have to be taught
before any brain work is attempted.
Many of these children are devoid of any
ens of form and sometimes of the con
trol of their limbs, and are often utterly
unable to concentrate attention. Nature
study usually appeals to them. Their
schoolrooms are mads bright with
Tke Rigkts of a Motker
By
(Copyright. 1004. by W. R. Hearst)
HAS a mothr-ln-law any rights
that a on-ln-law In honor
should respect T
If a mother-in-law and a
aon-ln-Isw have had a bitter quarrel
over domestic affairs hss the son-ln-Jaw
a moral right to command Jils wlfs
to eeass all social or loving Intercourse
With her mother"?
If the wife decides, through a mls
tsken sense of duty to her husband to
forever remain on terms of sundered
companionship With her mother. Is she
deporting herself In a proper or filial
manner toward her mother?
If the wife has a 'brother who becomes
a chum of her husband under the stst
of sffairs above mentioned, is that son
showing a proper love or protecting
spirit toward hi mother, who I old
and alon.
These questions are entirely too ab
stract to permit of a definite answer.
It all depends on the nature of the quar
rel or misunderstanding. If ths mother
has been Interfering with the domestic
sffairs of th household snd offering un
solicited opinions; If she has been offl
clnualy Intrusive In matters which per
tained solely to the husband and wife,
and which they could settle between
themselves; If sh has been pouring
kerosene upon flames. Instead of oil
en troubled waters, then, indeed, th
husband to right In suggesting that his
wife choose between a home with him
self or with her mother.
A mother-in-law has been known to
Incite her daughter to jealousy of a
most faithful snd kind husband. If he
remained In the office a half hour later
than usual: If he chanced to walk a
block on ths street with an acquaint
ance of the opposite sex. the mother In
sinuated Infidelity and neglect, until the
H
A
eiresses an
By REV. THOMAS B. GREGORY
tss
IT waa Benjamin Franklin or some
othr wis man who said. "Expe
rience keeps a dear school, but
fools will lrn In no other."
From all accounts, th heiresses, or
many of thm at least, ar learning
thir lesson, the lesson of their blttr
experience.
Th newspspers are full, of lata, of
th vry hard time that th heiresses
ar having with their counts, dukes and
earls which they had bought with their
good American gold.
The counts sre In many rases turning
t. the dukes aie
oftener than not proving to be dunces,
I and the titled brides, in the misery of
their disappointments, ar crying oyt
i with on of Shakespeare's disenchanted
. queans:
I I swear, 'tis better to be lowly born.
i And rang with humble livers In content
Than to b perked up In a glistering
grief
And wear a golden sorrow.
Very few tears will be shed for them
among sensible people, either In the
new world or the old. Ungallant as it
may m to say so, it Is nevertheless
J true that they sre getting only, what
they deserve.
They turned their noses up in holy
com st ths young men of the country
that made their fathers rich. They
could not think of becoming the wives
of plain Americans; they must have a
husband with a "title." a member of
the old world "arletocracy." "noble
men" with a "pedigree" and with a
buahel basketful of "coats of arms"
and such things.
If an American young woman meets
. g foreigner with "lord." "count" or
'marquts" hitched onto hie name and
' Joves him. and hs is worthy of her
love by the possession of bralna snd
character and a reciprocal affactlon. by
all means 1st her marry him.
In thst ca the chances sr that th
marriage will turn out to b s happy
one but whr h falls In love, not
with th man. but with hl "title.' and
marries not out or affrtion. om oui
a foollah vanity. h to building upon
a precarious foundation, snd if her plan
fslls sh haa nobody to blam but her-
"Thr ran be no doubt shout th fsrt
thst. in th msjoiity of esse where out
American
girls merry titled foreigners
the determining causs to not lov. but
the foolleh desire to be connected with
cm "nobl hou." whatever that may
Burh hnttesM do net thrtv upon Amer
ican oU; henc th hirss trsvl over
flowers, and they have a special love
for anything that can beautify their
school. Beads play an Important part In
their education, fur they not only train
a sense of color, but teach children to
hold a needle. Mat plaiting, basket work
and rugmaklng are all part of the curri
culum. Singing, marching and drawing
arouse Interest and even enthusiasm: at
a later stage the boys are taught ele
mentary carpentering and girls are
trained In cooking and laundry work.
Residential homes have been estab
lished In connection with such schools,
where, with the consent of their parents,
children are kept till they are to years
old. But at thst point legislation ceases.
At that age they are turned out into the
world, and the majority drift Into Imbe
cility and vice, and flood the workhouses
and prisons.
The chief value of these schools In the
past has been that they have enabled sci
entifically -minded philanthropist to col
lect statistics which may be of Infinite
value In the future. To the unthinking,
tbe Sight of the children gathered there,
safely occupied, trained aa far as pos
sible, has brought content, and I have
often heard the greatest delight expressed
at what had been accomplished; but If
we go a little below ths surface ws shall
And that In reality little bas been done
to benefit ths nation.
It Is estimated that there are GO. 000 epi
leptic children In ths United Kingdom,
and that on In every hundred of ths
population la feeble-minded. We have
aa a nation clearly seen our duty to
guard these children, but there Is a
step further which needs to be
taken Although It la right that we
should protect them from Injury, we
must also guard, against their being a
causa of Injury to others. The recent
royal commission, which has been ap
pointed to Inquire Into the present
methods of dealing with Idiots, epileptics
and feeble-minded, has directed public
opinion to most Important question, with,
regard to which special legislation Is
urgent. For terrible are the effect to
a nation when it fslls In the csre of
those who are not fit to enjoy that liberty
which Is man's greatest heritage.
The misery and cruelty of much of our
ELLA WHEELER WILCOX.
b52
comfort of the household was destroyed
by her presence. When the daughter,
who proved to be a woman of common
sense, and as just as sensible. Informed
her mother that she would support her
away from her own home, but not in It,
the mother lifted her vole In a loud
wall of being "forsaken" by her own off
spring, and th majority of the public
sympathised with her.
v... , . , n,rtt.r was rlzht. So
I the husband right who takes a slmt-
lsr stand when he nnae mat narmony
a wk a ,,a lov evlst In his home.
jvhen his mother or his wife's mother
to out of It, snd that tney are driven
from the windows In affright when she
enters at th door.
When a woman marries a man. when
a man marries a woman, their personal,
financial, domestlo and sentimental af
fairs should b decided between them
tth no Intervention of a third party
until they ask assistance.
Many a mother rails to realise
It is her place to stand second In su
,i, -it,- n adviser- to a son, or
daughter, after either has taken the
marriage vows.
If. the daughter has selected a hus
i J .k. ,. ideas habits or customs
of which the mother does not approve.
W is her plac to kep silent, since the
daughter has mad her choice, and not
undertake the work of reconstructing
their lives according to her ideals. A
word of loving counsel or admonition Is
all very well, but a continual Interfer
ence and esptonsge is quit another
thing. . .
When the brotner or me wn
the part of th son-in-law against his
,w.. ) somewhat strong
mui , .in
in fsvor of th husband; It suggests the
Interfering and seinsn moinor-n.-.w.
Tkeir Counts
Europe, get arquatnted with the counts,
princes and marquises, find out their
price, buy them and msrry them.
They marry them not for th nobl
character, or th noble Intellect, or the
noble achievement, for oftentimes the
"scions' have no such things among
their assets, but simply and solely for
their "noble houses."
It surely is no secret to the American
of average Intelligence that we have
In this country a considerable number
of people wjio ar not at all satisfied
with th democratic Ideas and institu
tions of their nstlve land.
These people feel that to be a plain
American clttoen Is to be a nobody, and
since there Is no aristocracy In the
great republic, they marry their daugh
ters to the decadent -scions" of the de
cadent "houses" of the old world
And the daughters are only too will
ing to accept the srrangement. Thor
oughly Imbued with th Idea that there
is nothing on earth like a title "Lady,"
or "Countess," or "Marqulss" they
marry the men who are prepared, for a
certain financial consideration, to confer
the coveted honors and dwell with Joy
'midst the glamour of the new environ
ment until disgust drives them back
home.
I aay It again It serves them Just
right Call me "hard-hearted." If you
will; rail me "brute;" call me anything
you like: but I still say It serves them
Just right.
"If you have tears to shed prepare to
shed them now" but not for these dis
gruntled young women.
Shed your tears. If you will. Over the
lamentable fact that such silly women
sre to be found In our beloved country
There Is no womsn too good to be the
wife of a brainy, energetic, high
minded American. In other words, such
American is good enough to be the hus
band of sny woman.
Thsn such plain American no foreign
duke. lord, count or marquis to a whit
nobler. The only "title" that a woman
ahould seek In the msn she would msrry
Is tbe title that he carries In his brsln
and manhood. 1n hie sincerity snd truth.
Kueh title is the only one thst counts.
Tbe others are but faded rig.
war TTp Ahead.
From the New York Sun.
We approached the native.
"Is J I mson a prominent cltlxen her
about?" we politely Inquired.
The stranger nodded.
"The prnmlnenteat." said he "He's
always spp'lnted to ride with the driver
of the beer wagon on our annual picnic
penal system Is, to my mind, one of the
facts which will be apparent to the
sociologist of the future. Magistrates
who dally condemn defective peopla to
terms of Imprisonment for misdeeds for
which they are really not responsible do
not yet realise the fatuous folly of the
system they are called to carry out. Any
one visiting our police courts and observ
ing the rases Who receive sentences so
glibly given for "one month," for "14
days," or for "seven days." must rea
lise that too often these poor. Irresponsi
Do Not Fret, Tkougk tke Heavens Fall
By
i fop. right. 1004. by W. K. Hearst.)
VERT many people acquire the
miblt of fretting over trifles
ths small. Insignificant, dis
agreeable happenings of every
day Ufa.
They begin by being annoyed at
every little occurrence that does not
happen Just to their fancy. This habit
after, awhtia grows so strong that they
fret and fuss when there Is no real
cause for fretting. Now, if one only
knew how very disagreeable he mado
himself by such constant faultfindings,
he would very soon stop It.
Unfortunately, thosa who fret at
trifles ara women, men generally Ignor
ing what to women are bugbears. Tst
the qualities of endurance and patience
ara far stronger In women than In
men and are always well brought out
when they have any great trial to
fac.
The habit of fretting Injures the
health and comfort of thoa about you.
but above all It lnjuras most the one
who frets.
Kveryone knows the Influsnce the
emotions hav upon the circulation
- m - Law
who cannot permit her married children
to direct their own lives.
A mother who to "old and alone" to
not necessarily lovable or In the right.
A son or a daughter should look after
the physical wall being of such a
mother and should be respectful in
speech and deportment toward her, but
to coincide with all her whim and to
adopt sll her prejudice and to uphold
her In all her ideaa to morally wrong.
The duty of humanity and to one's
own sense of justice to a greater and
higher duty than that to a parent, a
child or a friend. It to a pathetic posi
tion for a son or a daughter to stand be
tween a parent and a wife or husband.
All children are reared to think
mother-love the most unselfish and won
derful devotion on earth, even In the
face of facts which so often prove it
otherwise; and when they see a mother
unhappy they are inclined to make ev
ery possible excuse for her, because
they feel that to take issue against her
will put them In a bad light before the
whole established order of society, and
that they will beat their heads against
traditions wherever they turn.
It Is most pathetic situation for
man this position between a wife and
a Jealous mother. My heart always
ache for the man in the case, even
more thsn for the woman who Is mis
used. Sometimes the wife to in the wrong.
Sometimes a man marries a woman who
Is so narrow snd so selfish and so jeal
ous that she begrudges th husband's I
mother her son's affection.
- Sometimes a loved snd cherished
daughter marries a man so selfish, so
tyrannical that he wants to utterly ob
literate childhood and girlhood from her
memory snd leaves only himself the
tyrant for the wife to think about.
But I confess that I have seen but
one such wife or husband where I have
seen ten selfish and disagreeable
mothers-in-law.
And with what pleasure and admira
tion I recall the few beautiful and noble
motbers-ln-law I hav known! I can
count thm on th fingers of one hand
without Including the thumb.
There sre Just four whom I can re
call. . They really loved their sons, and
loved whatever and whoever gave those
sons happiness.
There Is a dear old lady living with
her son-in-law today who always chides
the daughter If she dlssgrees with htr
husband on any trivial point. "You
have such a good husband." she will
say. "how can you disagree with him?"'
Another mother-in-law said to me one
day: "If ever there was an angei upon
earth It Is my son's wlfs." The wife
wss. In truth, a very ordinary, amiable
vounc woman, but the motner-in-iaw
had idealised her Into something an
gelic.
Would that there were more iie ner
In the land.
Madame Mother-tn-I.aw. so far as
your rights are concerneo. you nave
no more right to interfere with the do
mestic rslatlons of your son or daugh
ter than haa any stranger In your town.
Ynn ore entitled to love. If you are lov
able: to respect, if you make yourself
worthy of It, and to respectful treat
ment at all eventa on numanuanan
grounds. You are entitled to good care
and protection from your children, but
this does not mean that they shall al-
wava make you a member oi tneir
households. If they find It more expedi
ent to care for you elsewhere. It does
not mean that you have the privilege
of criticising the domestlo arrangements
of their Uvea and homes.
If vour son or daughter asks yousi
advice, sympathy and counsel, give It as
wisely as you can. but keep awsy irom
such a position if possible, four on
on troubled water and soothe and allay
wounded feelings when possible. Act as
meditator and adjustor of difficulties,
rather than the widening wedge.
And if this attitude does not make
you a welcome member of your child's
home, find another home as soon as you
can, and do not pose as a martyr. Your
own child will always lovs you. If you
are lovable We are not loved for re
lationship, but for the qualities within
us.
If you are not obliged to be a member
of the household of you married child
do not be. If you are, try to be an
agreeable one.
Watch's Tariatlon.
From ths London Chronicle.
A to th sympathetic vagaries of
watches, a correspondent writes: "I
discovered some year ago that It was
the metal buckle of my brace that
caused the Irregularities of my own
particular wsgch. I therefore now mske
a rule of putting ray spertacle case on
the Inside of my wstch pocket, thus cut
ting off th connection." ' .
ble creatures wbo are spending their life
In and out of jail, an expense to ths na
tion and a menace to the community,
should be treated like children and kept
out of harm's way, and that, wars we to
try the experiment, most of them would
work contentedly In colonies where they
would be protected from the temptations
to which they so readily succumb. But
tbe establishment of such colonies would
effect something of even greater Impor
tance, who reign of the degcnerala
GERTRUDE T. BODPISH
other words, you nave nervous prostra
tion or aome other disease.
As you should dot worry over your
and the secretions, fear decreasing the
on and depressing the other. Now a
Ufa of constant fret and worry pro
duces the same effect, for fret and
worry are only modifications of fear.
After awhile there follows Indigestion
end Ha resulting train of evils; weak
ness In th circulation and many heart
symptoms.
By th exertion of our will we can
not chang ny of th workings of our
Internal machinery, but w can us our
will to keep our emotions so In check
that Indirectly. If not directly, our will
may b responsible for many of th
Ills to which flesh is heir.
Ws should not only not worry of
fret over trifles, but we should not
worry at all; for worry will only pre
vent th very nd or result for which
we are striving.
Worry cramps, contracts, distorts
and weakens all ths natural Inhsrent
forces of your nature. Constant fret
ting causes a continual leak In th
reservoir of nervous energy. This
leaking grows larger and larger till at
Tie Question of
Happiness
By MRS. JOHN A. LOGAN.
55M
VERYONE is In pursuit of hsppl
ne and yet no two are governed
by the same Ideas as to what
constitutes perfect bliss. It Is
the exception when snyone Is found
who is really happy and contented. The
more resource persons hsve the less
likely they are to be contented or recon
ciled to their lot in life.
General ly. -when people are satiated
with everything that life can offer, they
are morose, and sigh for more worlds
to conquer. They are out of health from
over-indulgence, or something Is wrong
that they cannot In some way see right.
They are out of tune with themselves
or their environment.
It was never Intended that mortals
should be so satisfied with this world
thst they have fio desire to try to get
to a better one. The truth to. there are
few persons who are so situated that It
to Impossible for them 'to be happy.
Naturally, there are times In the live
of most person when afflictions fall o
heavily that It seems difficult to find
a rift in the clouds which sny sunshine
may be expected to brighten the future.
But If one will look to Him who sendeth
Joy and sorrow there will always come a
lightening of afflictions.
A thing Is never quite so bad that It
might not he worse: every human soul
can find always a merciful deliverance
If we go to Him who withholds no goon
thine from His creatures. Joy Is the
legitimate successor of grief, but can
only come to those who "take up arms
against a sea of troubles and by op
posing end them."
The lighter and th deeper veins ever
run parallel. Smiles follow tears as th
sunshine follows the ralnfsll. Conflict
ing emotions sre ever st wsr within us.
yet It i within our power to control
them. We can foster sadness or glad
nees ss we will do ao. We have only
to appreciate what we have, be thankful
for the manifold blessings showered
upon us. make the best of sverythlng.
be rheerful ourselves and let our light
so shine thst others, seeing our hap
piness, will be Influenced accordingly.
Happiness snd misery are - eoerely
questions of temperament: neither ar
brought about by circumstances sur
rounding one. hut ar th results of
one's own construction and acceptance
of them. Persons with well balanced
minds are not sfferted by poverty or
wealth, youth or old age.
They look st thing from- rations!
standpoint and turn to advantage all the
opportunities that come to them. They
laugh st trouble and folly and take hold
"f wisdom and happiness. They do not
indulge in repining because today it Is
r.lnlnr- thev are sura that on the mor
row the sun will be shining. They see
the gosl of their hopes and ambition st
the end of every pathway, tnougn tney
may have to pass th Slough of Despond
en route.
They do not stop by ths wayside to
nick up all the stones of trouble that
I m cede their progress. They do not
appropriate to themselves all the dellc
lous fruits of plessure. They do not
overlook the struggling, weary trav
elers who pursue the same psth, but
stop ever and anon snd give them
lift by lightening their burdens end
riving them at least a word of cheer
They scatter the bread of kindness to
the winds they go through the
world, and It Is constantly coming back
to them 1n multiplied loaves.
They climb to the top of sll the
mountains thst rise before them and
send bsek cordial greetings to those
who geve them aid or encouragement
They are always ready to help others
whom thev encounter on their Journey
through life. The lightest hearts are
those which have passed through the
rruetal ordeal of affliction snd adver
slfy; they envy not the rich, or those
who seem to rest upon flowery beds
of esse.
If solid happiness we prise.
Within our bresst this jewel lies.
And they are foole who roam:
The world has nothing to bestow.
From our own selves our Jovs must
flow. Cotton.
WOT Slaughter of Century.
From th Chicago News
Th death-roll due to wars during the
tost century. Prof. C. Richet, of the
Faculty of Medicine In Pari, ami up
In grand total of 14,000.000. aH di
vides thl as follows: Napotoonlr wars
1.000,000: (kimean wars. 100,000: Italian
war. .100, 000; American civil war. 000
000. France-Oerman wsr, t.00.000; Russo
Turklsh war, 100.000: civil war In
South America. 100,000: various colonial
expeditions In India. Mexico, Tonqutn,
South Africa, etc., 1,000,000.
would ceaa directly the law pre
vented the marriage of feeble-minded
persona. It Is only a falss conception
of liberty which will hinder such benefi
cent legislation, and therefor It la Im
perative that the necessity for ueh a
step should be made apparent.
In order to ascertain facts bearing upon
this question, a visit wss paid not long
ago to a girl s night sheltsr. and ,the
12 first oases were Investigated. The fol
lowing Is the record:
last th rervolr becomes empty and
you are a bankrupt in nrv, force; In
own affair, neither should you hurl
shafts of doubt and mistrust toward
those of your own household or ac
quaintance. For by so doing you may
weaken their forces and prevent them
from attaining success In thlr various
endeavors.
One of the greatest enemies of man
kind 1 doubt lack of faith faith in
ourselves and In others and In th un
seen powers above and around us.
Everything must and therefore will
com out right. If w but hav the faith.
If we hold ourselves In the right mentsl
attitude In all our relations with th
people with whom w com In contact.
Doubt "never conquer; faith never Is
vanquished.
For th negative qualities of worry
and doubt, substitute the positive qual
ities of lov and faltli th lov that
hopeth all things, endureth all things;
th- fafth that mounts upward on
wings of light to that higher realm,
where all doubt Is dispelled and de
feat Is unknown. With these qualities
for your dally armor, you will frt not.
though ths heavens fall.
m I HERE are 71
races of men at
Ime ai. m,uw .
to tbe scientific display, the
exhibit of humanity 1 the
. i.t.,..ii.. nut that Is scientific
. . i . . r I fal. A , ,1 IMTt
also, for the study of ourlve I now
recognized as a science or nign rai.n
And here in the exposition the oppor
tunity for analysis and comparison of
physical and mental difference baa
never been equaled. The general basis
or substructure of the entire human
mind that underlies the mentality of all
races is one Identical throughout; but
the superstructure reared thereon ar
vary unlike and present striking differ
ences. This to th first flr that dvotd an
entire department and building to an
thropology, for human beings are now
considered as lit auDjecis jor
organised by Professor Frederick Starr.
Yet there was no building erected for
the science of mentology, so all dis
plays were scattered here and there in
.iuii, ehihlts. It reaulred three
days to hunt up the result of late re
searches in mind Surely me mma u
. win km considered worthy of w
palace by Itself at th next fair. How
ever, th World's Congress of Arts and
Sciences saw that mind to of sufficient
importance to hav a grand aivision
devoted to It, -
At the enmsition th writer saw
grades of men from the lowest, the
hideous pygmies rrom me interior oi
Africa, to th highest on earth, th chlf
astronomer of th I'nlted Stat at
Washington. .
The difference 1 o enormous inai
on cannot comprehend.
One Is but little hlgner man apes snu
the other to so exalted that hundreds
of millions of his lower brethern are
totally unable to understand wnat ne
thinks about.
Th rtiniav of races and their pro
ducts from the Philippine is elaborate,
comprehensive snd educational. Thts
exhibit to as large ss an ordinary state
fair, covering 4.7 acree. ine racee r
typea of men here are Negtitto. Moroe,
Boa-oboe. Igorottes and Vlsayans. Each
tribe has a large collection of manu
factures snd handiwork. The Negrlttos
sre not quite as low as the pygmies, but
nearlv so. They are debased creatures.
repulsive and. filthy. Both women and
men ar saturated witn nicotine poison
they smoke Incessantly. They are
small In stature, but not so diminutive
as the pygmies. They live In bamboo
and grass huts, msae oy memseives
from materials Imported from tbelr na
tive land
The Moroe are not black, but yellow;
are somewhat higher, have some manu
factured articles of artistic beauty, and
play on tomtoms from a. m. to p. m.
The Bogoboa are a very remarkable
tribe in dress decoration. They are in
genious In weaving and in needlework.
They have white shell beads from head
to foot arranged on thin clothing In
Intricate designs. The Igorottes dance
every hour and are nearly naked. Their
dance differs from that of other races,
and they are surrounded by crowd dur
ing every trptchorean display. Their
music consists of bra gong beating In
their crazy gyrations. The women do
not gyrate with velocity equal to the
men. They have a large display of
wood and basket work.
Then the Vlsayans, a fine race. These
are they to whom the civilisation of the
Philippines ha been due for centuries.
They are fine people and are all edu
cated In Spanish a well as Filipino.
They display their musical and
dramatic kill In a conservatory of
music every two hours Their Instru
mental and vocal music to exquisite.
The time Is perfect and cannot be ex
ceeded by the musician of New York
or London. They sre Intellectual and
often beautiful, with regular features.
Their love and sentimental songs ar
plaintive and pathetic. Their rendition
of our national song in English is
alvsays a matter of surprise, for thsy
could not speak a word of English on
their arrival here In Apftl. Their art
work her, their cloth and feather work,
as well as their wood and metals, 1 re
markable, and show they have pro
gressed for many centuries. Oreat
building are required to house tbelr eer
hiblts. When they saw th Negrlttos they
were shocked and did not know that
such creatures lived on any of tke
Philippine islsnds In fact, they hav
no association with th Moroe and
tgorote. Of great lntereet throughout
the fair the school to teach English
to th Igorottee has always attracted
erowiA wsl 1 u traohr and men
tal 1st. Th writer was astonished to
sew ' ; i
I By PROFESSOR EDGAR LARKIN OF THE LOWE OBSERVATORY.- ,
1
1.' Consumptive; both parents died of
the disease.
I. Neurotic drunkard, with a family
who bad suffered from St. Vitus' dance.
1 Normal.
4. Deaf and mentally defective.
t. Neurotic and mentally defective.
. No congenital- defect, but health
ruined by drink.
T and I. Feeble character.
t. Suffering from persistent bad mem
ory. 10. Twice Imprisoned for theft, daugh
ter of drunken loafer.
II. Normal.
It. Mentally defective and suffering
from heart disease.
Thus, out of 1st only two were normal
Individuals, yst the 10 were free to go aa
they liked and to bring up defective
children.
It to wall known by all who havs
rhsrg of th work that a large number
of the inmatea of penitentiaries are
feeble-minded woman. Th cost of keep
ing such persona In colonies would be
high, but small compared with the ulti
mate cost of keeping them and their
progeny.
There Is In Birmingham to day a feeble
minded woman selling matches, who has
nine times been In th maternity wards
of th workhouse. Th Magdalen homes
ail over th country are filled with girls
In their teens and out of 91 cases medi
cally Investigated 37 par cent were found
to be mentally deficient, and yet there to
no power to detain them.
The causes of mental defects given by
on of our most prominent physicians
ara aa follows:
1. Defective nutrition in early years of
life.
't Hereditary tendency to consumption,
t. Descent from insane or criminal
atock.
4. Chronic alcoholism of on or both
parents.
That th ranks of th criminal classes
ars swollen by th mentally deficient Is
not denied. As an Instance. I will quote
a family of seven children, of whom three
were physically defective, two mentally
defective, on very bright and promising
snd on apparently normal. Th latter
Hall of Antkropology
see how rapid was their mental expan
sion. These head hunting men actually
have active minds. In about SO min
utes they learned to speak eight Eng
lish words distinctly and know their
meaning.
Ths entire Philippine display to of th
most intense Interest, cost $750,000. and
ought to be retained in this country as
a national museum of anthropology.
The Anlos from prehistoric Jgpan ar
a people that are not yet classified by
ethnologists. The Japanese do not know
their origin. They are white, and are
fast vanishing an anomaly, for white
races In the historic period have- not
been exterminated by any colored.
The hideous low type of Patagontons
are here also In their tents of skins.
The Coooba Indians from Mexico ar
a Strang people, ana ar tow in ui
human scale. Nearly all tribe) of
Indian now living la th United States
have display of themselves and their
work here, from Pueblo snake dancers
up to Oeronomo himself.
Alaska sent more types of men tnsn
it was thought lived there. The entire
Alsska exhibit is an instructive ethnlcsl
lesson. Within to years the people of
this country will begin to beer of that
wonderland. Alaaga, with it praciioauy
unlimited resources.
But what Is th Jumble for? Whst
benefit comes from ths existence of the
earth and Its multitudes? Oreat in
curiosity I th study of face. When
several hundred are crowded around a
"barker" before a ahow on the "Pike"
the time Is propitious to study the
human animal. Everything on earth
is forgotten for the time, except the
Jugglery of the oriental faker. But look
at the face!
Mereciitk s
By REV. A.
Caw right. 104. by W. R Hearst.)
WHAT an upheaval In human
society would take place were
.Mr. George Meredith's views
on the marriage relations
adopted' He advocates the terminable
system of marriage which may lt 10
years or more, or even less than that,
No doubt, there are many who would
venture Into this relation were this the
mutual understanding between the con
tracting parties, but to make a gensral
tow out of it would soon disorganize
modern society and destroy the sacred
nesa of the marriage tie.
Mr. Meredith cannot claim originality
for hi method. A one haa already well
aid. Plato conceived such a notion and
tried to patronise it. It to an easy way
out of a condition which may be difficult,
but It creates insuperable problems In
the home life which would defy any sort
of satisfactory solution.
Mr. Meredith has, to all practical pur
poses, lived out the proposition which hs
advocates. His first wlfs died after It
year of marriage, and his second wife
passed away after 10 year of marital
affection. He haa, therefore, practically
tested his system, though unintentionally.
But Mr. Meredith labors under peculiar
Ideas. He lived one year exclusively upon
a diet of oatmeal. This hs abandoned,
and tried after a duration of a few years
to be a vegetarian. This he ha ppw
given up.
His characterisation of memory aa a
question of heat I unique. "If heat
enough to excited by a fact. It will always
be remembered "
Thua he goes from on odd Idea to an
other, and his free-love Idea In marriage
tallies well with many antecedent opin
ions of his. No one question his ability
as a writr, but, as he border upon th
obscure and ths peculiar, he to not a
popular suthor.
Hs allows himself occasionally In his
writing to speak of the autumnal view
of matrimony, which In his mind Is gen
erally heralded by the announcement
that It to a tottery, and doubtless his
experience with It, though happy yet by
reason of the Interruptions occasioned by
death, ha driven him to epeculate over
Its nature and to attribute to It the ele
ment of chance. .
NO wonder the ecclesiastical pre of
England inveighs against him and casts
him outside the pale of civilisation In
proposing, as ths Church Time of Lon
don savs. "a leasehold arrangement aa
cold-blooded In It cruelty a It to of
fensive to th Chrtotton community.
Another church paper terms hi proposi
tion " revolutionary uggootioB," so
waa a little boy .who was alert and ready,
and particularly fluent In expression, but
bis school teacher observed that he waa
exceedingly mean and cunning. In th
playground ha waa constantly Injuring
other children, but th symptoms war
not sufficiently marked aa to enable her
to certify him unsound. On day th
bright child of th family was found
drowned, and it was felt to be practi
cally certain that th cunning child,
who was morally Irresponsible, had per
petrated tbe deed, but as It could not be
proved he waa set free, attracting much
sympathy from many unthinking par
sons. Two months later Willi took an
other child Into an empty house, and
but for a passer-by would havs undoubt
edly murdei ed him. Th boy was taken
as a criminal lunatic. To all who saw
th little fallow with his hideous heritage
of moral deficiency It was apparent that
he ought not to be condemned as a crimi
nal, but guarded as a mentally defective
child.
I am confident that a wise investigation
of this question would prove that th
greater part of th sin and evil of the
world, theft, murder and vice, could be
traced to thoa who are not responsible
for their actions.
Let us see to It. therefore, that those
whom by our ignorance we hav de
stroyed, should at any rat not be per
mitted to perpetuate a race which to
destined to be a serious menace to our
progress, and that ws may realise that
th liberty of th subject In th case of
th mentally and morally defective, to a
mere fetish; it lend to sorrow and sin.
It would be for th good of th whole
community If by means of wise legisla
tion, the needful control could be exer
cised, which should make th best of
what power Is possessed by these unfortu
nates, rather than let it run riot, un
hindered In Its tsrrtble results. As
temperance reformer. howevr, we do
not limit our action only to dealing with
those who. In so many Instanoea, ar
th putcom of our national drunken
ness, but we must continue to endeavor
to educate our Ignorant legislators, until
at last thy learn something of ths true
conditions In which our people llv.
J .
39
Here Is the horrible face of a human
being with the outlines of a serpent's
head; there the features of a lynx, a
ferret, a fox. a wolf, a tiger. The face
of' a Hon Is often seen In the flesh of
a human. Bird beaks, monkey features,
the countenance of swine, leopards,
hyenss snd Jackals push up to be near
the magicians The seething mess
perspires beer and poison from th cigar
and cigarette. -
Every type of animal that has ever
appeared on earth has its face engraved
in the human face. And faces of good
ness. loveliness, purity, mercy snd
sympathy are also seen. All conceivable
kind are always round about. For
man can sink to th lowest creature that
brain can think of or rise to tell the
mass and distance of a star.
Turks. Persians. Siamese. Syrtana.
Russians, Hindus, Hungarians, Bul
garians. Greeks, Sicilians. Arab.
Afghans and many others, sll In native
costumes, surge and Jostle day after
day In a babel of confusion. But the
question arises, what to th entire earth
and all Its inhabitants good for any
way?
Millions corns, look upon the sun and,
tar a few day and go. To repeat,
what 1 the entire world here fort
It to now known that one hundred
million world tike this earth, with bil
llone of people, could be annihilated at
once with lea disturbance In the uni
verse then that caused In the dust In
tbe air of a large room by waving the
hand two or three inchee.
There to no word that describes the
earth exactly, hut one haa been found
that nearly fit the case and that to th
word nothing.
Plan Wrong
E. GEORGE.
J)
that hs Is rapped all around by conven
tional Judgment. But be need not he
taken seriously. It Is as natural for
him to go out of well-beaten path as It
Is for others less gifted to remain con
tented with the commonly acoepted view.
It reveals ths man. He could not think
a trite proposition. His Ingenuity pre
paree him for any sort of sn explanation,
and the farther removed It Is from ths
commonplace the more he to convinced of
Its truth.
Bo his view will not awaksn any re
sponse. Just as those of Grant Allen,
nearly along the same line In a well
known novel, while disturbing the pesre
of society, fluttered for a time and then
alighted upon a corner of forgetful ness.
very opinion can make Itself promi
nent for a time, especially if it come
from a reliable source. But Mr. Mere
dith ha already said many funny and
unusual things. He haa mad the liter
ary world conscious of this, at times too
conscious, and they smile at his efforts
and refuse to take him seriously.
Marriage la too strongly written In th
moral welfare of society to become a
party to a system which would ultimately
destroy the sacrednea ef home lit.
This at all hazards must be maintained.
To safeguard the present Institution of
marriage I to raise th standard of
judgment about It. Many people regard
the union In too light a vein. Much edu
cation la necessary to offset th credulity
of opinions prevailing. When men like
Mr. Meredith apeak as they do, they
should aim to Improve the system In
vogue and not attempt to introduce one
which, while trying to give a remedy,
to all Intent and purposes destroys the
present system and leaves In Its place a
dangerous policy which would entirely
eliminate the true meaning of the family
life.
No Importance, In consequence, can be
attached to his utterances, though com
ing from a reepectable source The world
will Jog along with Its old principle and
hop to advocate their better fulfilment
and not replace them with any proposi
tion which may appeal to not a few who
are figuring upon marriage as a lottery
and have not yet awakened to thoee
higher responsibilities which unite as a
unit and moke It the stronghold of
morality In th betterment of mankind.
Pall M4
"What has become of Halfback'
hatrr ssked the man with th maroon
flag.
"Haven't you heard." asked hi
friend. "Why, hi team matched a lady
football club and ths ladle lost."