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PORTLAND, OREGON. THURSDAY EVENING. DECEMBER 1, 1904. FOURTEEN PAGE8.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Hindwriting Experts Occupy the
Morning Session of the Land
F. P, Hays Figures in a Letter Written by Puter
Attorney Hardy for the Defense Drawn
Into the Case by a Witness
Expert testimony m to the handwrit
Ins In the fraudulent homestead claims
end affidavit occupied nearly the whole
of thla morning's aesaion in the land
fraud trials. Though the proceedings
were leas sensational than on previous
days, the evidence waa not less im
portant, for strong corroboration waa
aiven to the contention of the govern
ment that the signatures of Bonny of
the pretended settlers and wltnei
were forged by certain of the defen
Franklin Pierce Maya, the attorney
and member of the state senate, is be
coming a figure in the trial. Evidence
has been Introduced Indicating that ha
had dealings' with Puter and McKlnley
in reference to certain lands in township
11-7, alleged to hare been fraudulently
secured by the defendants It Is freely
asserted, by persons who profess to
know, that Maya Is the prominent at
torney" mentioned by Senator Mitchell
as the writer of the letter of Introduc
tion which Puter brought to the senator.
The following letter written by Puter
to Ed Hobson and placed in evidence
by the government's attorneys refers In
plain terms to the business transactions
between Puter. McKlnley and Maya, and
suggests that the latter waa expected to
supply fundi with which to pay Hobson:
"Milwaukee. Feb. 1. IMS. Mr. Ed
Hobson, Eugene. Or. Dear Sir: When
- - Wii.-tl ii ii S V UtMirti ISr SL P
(WM pay pas. Che eers that .outs, to U year.
I tar a oH Otalm deed to that I
net ear K. What I
want to say la that there la an un
settled account between I and McKln
ley; whereas I owe McKlnley some
money, and la case he has not paid you
before this I will do so Just as soon as
J get to Oregon, which will be between
March is and II. maybe sooner. Very
truly. 8. A. D. PUTER."
Mr. Kays Boss Mot ismier
Mr. Maya has not been a witness In
the land fraud- case, but he Was Inter
viewed this morning as to his reputed
connection with the transactions of the
defendants When asked whether he
was the person who gars Puter a letter
of Introduction to Senator Mitchell. Mr.
"Oh, I'm sure I cannot remember aa
to that without looking the matter up."
"Were you In Washington In February
or March. 1902 7"
"No, I was not la Washington from
Ills until April, 192 The latter date
I ran fix definitely because It was after
ray father's death that I went east"
The letter from Puter to Hobson
quoted above was then read to Mr. Maya,
and he was asked to explain the state
ments contained In It referring to him
self. 1 am not prepared to make any state
ment about the matter," he replied, "I
want to look Into It before I can say
anything about it. There was nothing
In my dealings with those people that
X am not perfectly willing to toll."
WilUsa by Marie Wage.
The first witness on the stand today
waa John P. Marshall, formerly cash
ier of the Ainsworth National bank, who
continued his testimony as to the hand
writing In the fraudulent homestead
claims and affidavit. He reiterated the
testimony which he gave yesterday, to
the effect that the signatures of Geo r re
Graham and Oeorge Pettla, two of the
fictitious entrymen In .township 11-t,
were written by Horace O. McKlnley.
He declared that the signature of John
F Foster was in the handwriting of
Marie Ware, who had adopted aa a
Standard the rt" ofT Si"0"
Coy, the stenographer of the Una Coun
ty Abstract company.
Mr Heney then called the attention
of the witness to the signature of
James Wakefield, and asked:
"Who, in your opinion, wrote that
comparison of that writing with
the signature of Ouy Huff, as shown
when he signed his name to his bond.
J am convinced that the name James
Wakefield was written by Huft"
The witness then explained at length
the similarities between the writing pur-
Klng to have been made by Oeorge A.
and the writing of McKlnley. His
explanations were illustrated by refer-
..USB HI. . . n. awu. nKa nl II,.
to enlarge" iiv.vt
Mr Marshall said that the six stg-
PRESIDENT WILL CUT
ALASKA CABLE RATES
(jean-sal special lirrlss )
Washington. Dec. 1. President Roose
velt has sent a memorandum to the war
department asking that a new tariff for
noai mental and private messages over
the Alnek-n cable be submitted to him
W A. Day. assistant attorney general,
who investigated Alaskan conditions
for the president, recommended that
oomxesrelej rates by cable be reduced to
the lowest possible figure In order to
butid wp the territory. In view of the
fact that the sable was primarily a Mili
natures of Maude Witt appeared to have
been made by two different persons The
reasons for this opinion were given at
Th Pmssuattsn Theory.
" Cross-examination by Judge O'Day
elicited the fact that the witness was
for a time manager of a baseball team,
after leaving the Ainsworth bank. Some
stress was laid by Judge O'Day that all
of the Maude Witt signatures appeared
to have been taken before Judge Gallo
wmy, but on redirect examination Mr.
Heney brought out the tact that some
three months elapsed betgreen the filing
of the first papers, where the signature
appears, and the later ones It Is ap
parently the theory of the prosecution
that the first papers were all signed by
one of the defendants, while another
person signed the later ones.
J. F. Shearman, one of the best
known experts on handwriting in the
United States, then took the stand. Both
Marshall and Shearman testified In the
recent trial of Henry Meldrum, the for
mer surveyor-general of Oregon, who
was convicted last month of extensive
The wide extent of Mr. Shearman's
studies in handwriting and his frequent;
experienoe aa an expert witness in Im
portant cases was brought out by Mr.
Heney. The witness stated that for 21
years he has been deputy clerk of the
united states courts at WlohltC Kaa..
a eraay or nanownung
ated the Important works on the sub
ject which he has studied, and stated
that he had made a trip to Philadelphia
for the express purpose of gaining In
struction from Dr. Fraser. one of the
greatest living authorities on hand
writing. Mr. Shearman corroborated the opinion
of Marshall that the Maude Witt signa
tures were written by two different per-
The signatures of Joseph Wilson
and Thomas Wllklns were written by
"Can you state who wrote the signa
tures of Wilson and Wllklns?" asked Mr.
The witness replied that while he had
"an impression" he did not have "an
abiding conviction.'' When asked to
state his impression. Mr. Shearman said:
"It is my impression that Horace G.
McKlnley wrote the signatures of both
Thomas Wllklns and Joseph Wilson
"Can you state from your examination
of the signature of Dan TarpMy to his
bond, whether he wrote any of these
signatures to other homestead proofs?"
"If thla Is the signature of Dan Tar
ploy to this bond then he wrote some
of the names signed to the proofs in
the Emma Porter and the Maude Witt
claims," replied the witness.
Mr. Shearman explained at length the
marked similarities In the signature of
Marls Ware and the signature of Mattle
K Lowell, and declared that the latter
were written by Miss Ware. When he
was asked to give his opinion aa to the
writer of the signature "Km ma Porter,"
objection was promptly interposed by
"There la no bond by Emma Watson
In thla case, and therefore no basis for
comparison of her writing with that of
Km ma Porter."
"It appears to be true that there la
no bond from Km me Watson," answered
"Emma Watson put up $5,000 cash
ball," added Judge O'Day, defiantly
"Well, in that case, we will aak at
this time that Emma Watson's ball be
increased to tio.ooo." said Mr. Heney
sharply, turning to Judge Bellinger. An
angry protest was muttered by Judge
O'Day, and Judge Bellinger inquired the
purpose of the demand. Heney admitted
that hla purpose waa to compel the de
fendant to put In a bond, and after a
moment's reflection the suggestion wsa
ATTORNEY HARDY DRAWN IN
One of the most dramatic features of
the trial occurred yesterday afternoon
when Assistant Attorney -General Heney
called Miss Mida McCoy, aa a witness.
(Continued on Page Bight.)
tary enterprise, trtd apt; a money-making
Institution, the president coincides In
this view, and will see that the rate Is
made as low aa consistent for the pub
lic Interests i
It-Is presumable, edfesldertng the re
port mads by Secretary Tart, showing
that great profits are certain to ac
crue under the present tariffs, thgt the
reduction will be a sweeping one. being
perhaps M per rent lower than the
rates now In effect. Those Interested
In the northwest trade are much pleased
at the prospect of presidential action.
FOR HIS SEVENTH TERM DIAZ
IS INAUGURATED PRESIDENT
Ceremonies Are the Most
Elaborate in History
- of the Country.
A FEATURE OF THE DAY
Notable Gathering of Officials
and Diplomats Witness
Taking of the
(Journal 8 pedal Service.)
City of Mexico, Dec 1. All Mexico
united today in paying honor to General
Porfirio Diaz, the occasion being his In
auguration as president of the republic,
to which office he was re-elected last
summer. The ceremonies also Included
the induction into office of Ramon Cor
ral, the new vice-president.
The inauguration was the most ela
borate in the history of the country.
The day waa observed aa a general holi
day, buainesa was everywhere suspended
and the people gave themselves up to
the enjoyment of the occasion. The In
auguration ceremonies took place in the
assembly hall of congress in the pres
ence of a notable gathering of army offi
cers, civilian officials, members of the
diplomatic corps snd many other promi
nent personages. '
The day waa ushered in with a salute
fired by a battery of artillery, followed
by the ringing of chimes. The cltisens
found the olty gaily bedecked with the
flags of all nationalities, the Mexican
banner, of course, predominating.
The spectacular feature of the day's
celebration waa a procession of histori
cal and allegorical floats. The floats
were representative of the various
epochs of Mexican history since the con
quest, and of the Indian life of the coun
try prior to the landing of the Spaniards.
During the day many' games and athletic
sports were enjoyed by the vast multi
tudes. Tonight the entire city will be
be band concerts
The celebration will continue to the end
of the week and undoubtedly will be
hugely enjoyed by all classes. The fes- I
is short $i5,orn
Sack of Double Eagles Disap
pears from Wells-Fargo's
San Francisco Office.
EITHER CLEVER ROBBERY
OR A BIG BLUNDER
Investigation and Detective
Work Fail to Locate the
(Jesrsal Special Service.)
San Francisco, Dee. 1. Since Tuesday
the officials of the Wells-Fargo and' a
force of special detect I vee have been
seeking to trace 118.000 In gold which
disappeared from the company's office
on Second and Mission streets. The
money, which was in doable eagles, was
delivered to the company's agents for
shipment to San Jose. The money was
property way billed but from that point
all trace of the gold was lost.
Employes of the company have been
questioned and searching Investigations
made, but with no success. Whether tt
has been lost or stolen no one knows.
So far as the reenlts of the investi
gation go the gold vanished Into thin
Monday last lit. too in gold double
eaglea was given to Wells, Fargo A Co.
by one of the local banks, consigned for
shipment to the Bank of San Jose. Adol
pho Carrel IL one of the clerks, receipted
for the coin and turned It over to Frank
J. Cardosa. who waybllled It In the usual
manner. He says he left It on the floor
to be pieced In a vault by John F..Me
Olynn. it was not to be shipped until
the next morning.
Tuesday when the vault was opened
the money waa not there. Express offi
cials decline to give any information ex
cept to admit that the money hes dis
appeared. They will not admit that there
Is a chance that It was stolen.
It Is unknown whether McGlynn put
it In the safe. Detectives claim the
money simply went astray, probably be
ing eent to the wrong city In a time
locked safe, hence it will not be dis
covered until It reaches the destination
of the safe
ENGLAND TO APPOINT
RESIDENT AT LHASA
Birmingham, Dec. 1. The Poet hears
that a British resident will be appointed
for Lhasa. Tibet, and win have an
fs.-ort of Indian troops, who will be
housed in the compound near the Dalai
The object of the move is to ensure
Tibet's res pert for. the treaty made by
Colonel Toungbusband and to hold open
the territorial privileges thus gained at
so great an expense. Trade treaties are
to be protected try an encouragement of
frame, through which It Is hoped the
country may be brought to a mors en
country may be brought to a mors en- 4 land fraud easts. shots at the robbers. iaemmm taitfjar U&iMm4M9am1hmdmTmW9M
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Porfirio Diaz, Inaugurated President of Mexico Today. This is His
Twenty-fifth Year in This Office.
tivlties Include a children's fete, a popu
lar fair for the working classes, and
free performances In all places of amuse
ginning or the 25th yW of General
Dies' occupancy of the presidency. It is
his seventh terra, and It will very likely
be his last, aa he is now in hla 76th year.
NOVEMBER IN PORTLAND
A STORY IN FIGURES
Births - .,. to e
Deaths 117 e
Weddings Iff .
Divorces ................... 11 s
Arrested by police M s
Fire alarms '.. 44 4
Rainfall .... 7.40 e
Clear days )
Cloudy daya 14 4
Partly cloudy days....:.;.. I o
KENTUCKY SUFFERS BY
AN EXTENDED DROUTH
(Jonrnal Special Service.)
Louisville. Ky.. Dec 1. The present
drought is the severest since 1864. There
has been virtually no rain since the first
weak in July. Paatures failed In Sep
tember when the vegetation was cut
short, and the corn crop was greatly
damaged and failed to mature. A con
servatlve estimate places the corn crop
at one-half the usual yield. Ponds and
creeks, which have nbt failed since 181
are entirely dry, and farmers are com
pelled to haul water milee for both stock
and household use. Wheat failed to
sprout, decaying In the ground.
Fanned by high winds, and with no
water to stay the flames, Kentucky is
at the mercy of the firs. Last night
was one of terror in many sections.
Owing to the five months' drought, all
houses sre as dry as tinder. Country
towns snd threatened forests are being
patrolled day and night.
OF HOMESTEAD CLAIMS
(Special Dispatch to The Journal i
Ashland. Or., Dec, 1. a C. Bertram,
forest supervisor of the southern divi
sion of the Cascades snd the Ashland
Butte reservation, has been in this sec
tion this week on special duty ordered
by the department of the interior. Bart
rum will not disclose the nature of theee
duties. It Is believed that he Is look
ing Into the merits of the homestead
claims as well ss some timber land
transactions In this district. Special
Land Agent Jones has been working
Bertram expresses great satisfaction
with the work of the forest ranger serv
ice the past year. He says the agri
cultural department estimated the loss
of timber by Ore In Oregon at Ift.000.0oa
last season and of thla amount the loss
within the federal reservation amounted
to only' t7.7l.
R. B. MONTAGUE IS NAME
OF LAND FRAUD WITNESS
R B. Montague of Albany.
Or., who la a witness in the lend
fraud cases, was Inadvertently
called R. W. Montague in yester
day's report of the 'land fraud
trial Richard W. Montague la
a well known Portland attorney
snd has no connection with R R
Montague of Albany or with the
land fraud cease.
He waa elected in 187 for the first time.
and has served continuously ever since
except during the term immediately af
ter his fJrxt ana, when one of h
amended then, allowing presidents to be
elected for successive terras, snd be has
been at the head of the government ever
PUNNING TO USE
Great Northern and Northern
Pacific May Substitute Mo
tors for Freight Engines.
MOUNTAIN 8TREAMS TO
Coal Consumption of Both
Roads Through Mountains
Is Very- Heavy.
IJouraal Special Service.)
Chicago. Dec. 1. Many railroads are
planning the uae of electric lnetead of
steam power for light suburban trains.
but the Great Northern and the North
ern Pacific want to substitute electric
motors for their heaviest freight
An expert from one of the largest
electric manufacturing concerns spent
several weeks Investigating the ques
tion of electric traction on the Northern
Pacific and Great Northern roads In the
Rocky mountains. He reports the power
of the Casemdee is sufficient to supply
electricity for motors to take the place
of steam engines on mountain divisions
and that the cost of electric power will
be much less than the coat of coal.
The coal consumption of both roads
through the mountains Is very heavy.
The Northern Pacific la fortunate In
having coal fields on both sides of ths
Cascade range, but the Oreat Northern
has to buy its coal.
Last year the Northern Pacific and
Oreat Northern used more than 3,000,000
tons of coal at an average cost In excess
of $2 a ton. This expense will be
greatly reduced If the trains can be
moved by electricity produced by moun
WATSON SAYS BRYAN IS
DUE FOR A BIG DEFEAT
(Jooraal Sssetsl Servfce.)
Crawfordsvllle, Oa., Doc. 1. Thomas
E. Watson, the great Populist. In an ad
dress delivered at this place yesterdsy.
after scoring the Democratic party aa
a party without a loader and bankrupt
tn reputation, paid his compliments to
Bryan. Watson said:
T make this prediction: Bryan will
be the candidate of the Democratic party
In 101 And I make this second predic
tion Whoa Bryan runs for president
In IsoS as the candidate of the Parker
Belmont -Cleveland Gorman combine, he
will be a worse beatsai man than Par
eels I gervtee. )
Lincoln. Neb., Dec. 1. The
Express company's of flea
robbed of several
last night A wstaf
shots at the robber.
S last night A SM4jgifjmmmmmmmmk tMt MMsieM Im I sSall
Federal Officials Now In
terested in the Chad
MAY HAVE USED MAILS
TO FURTHER SCHEMES
Her Attorney Admits Obligations
but Says She Doee Not Know
Carnegie and His Name
Was Not Used.
(Journal 8 pedal Berries.)
Cleveland, Dec 1. At the request of
Attorney Carr. representing Banker
Newton, Judge Babcock this morning
postponed until Saturday the hearing of
Newton's motion for a receiver of Mrs.
Chadwlck's alleged securities in the
Wade Park bank.. -
Federal officials are now interested in
the Chadwtck case snd several men of
Influence have requested United States
District Attorney Sullivan to ascertain
whether Mrs. Chadwlck is liable under
the federal laws. Sullivan Is now seek
ing to ascertain whether the Chadwlck
transactions were legitimate, and If she
did not use the mails to further her
ends. All peace negotiations between
Mrs. Chadwlck and Banker Newton were
reported off thla morning, but later
they were reopened on some new basis.
It la reported that warrants have
been prepared for prominent Cleveland
men, who are alleged to be accomplices
in the huge awindlee.
left the Holland House st 11 o'clock this
morning on the arm of her son, and took
s cab going to the office of her sttor
neys. Edmund Powers, attorney for Mrs.
Chadwlck. after a conference with his
client this morning said that a general
conference of all ths parties concerned
In the Newton matter would be held
this afternoon, when final details of a
settlement would be arranged He said
that Mrs. Chadwlck would make a pub
lic statement soon of the details of the
He reiterated that Mrs. Chadwlck did
not know Carnegie; that his name had
never appeared on any of her papers.
He admitted the woman's obligations
would resch !700,oos, but said she would
have tl. 000.000 left after settling alt
claims, and that she had never borrowed
money on worthless collateral.
i Journal Special Service.)
Oberlln. O.. Dec. I. President Reck-
with, of the Cltisens' National bank
which was closed on account of the
Chadwlck loans, said today that he had
received newe from Pittsburg that as
sured him that every dollar of the Chad
wick loans would be paid. He would not
give the source of his Information. An
other government examiner is on his
way here to assist In the bank Investi
gation. Judge Albaugh. of Csnton. Mrs.
Chadwlck's attorney, who was in confer
ence with her In New York, has not ar
rived here, as was announced that he
would. He has telephoned that ho haa
no good news.
THREE MEN KILLED IN
A RAILWAY COLLISION
(Joarssl Special Servies.)
Rochester, N. T.. Dec. 1. Three men
were killed and two seriously injured
In a collision between a freight train
and switch engines on the Delaware A
Hudson railroad this morning. All were
members of the train crews
Traffic will be blocked for 10 hours.
Owing to the piling up of freight cars.
which were thrown from the trask into
confused broken mass for some dis
tance, wrecking not only . tracks . but
(Special Dispatch to The Journal
Junction City. Or.. Dec 1. C. O.
gpeer. aged IS. died here thla morning
of consumption. He was on the street
lest night, feeling Improved In health.
but an abscess breaking today caused
hla sudden death. He leavts a widow
and two children. He was a prominent
member of the Odd Pollowa.
Mrs. Chadwlck Does Met Know Andrew
T tTlSedal - . . . . .
nsw york. cec. i. Mrs. cssaww
(Jonrnal Sauls! Berries )
Blooming ton. It.. Dee. 1. A
Interest to travelers which
The Owta brothers, residing fes
American August while en route from asrr to leggbsyy sMsLSIS. M
a mstSl TiS aSsl " aw a. - a.-a e. aa - - . ' aursss
Japanese Evacuate a Pass
Before Onrush of the
T0KI0 REJOICES AT
NEWS FROM FORTRESS
Thousands of Recruits Raised)
by Conscription Don Uni
forms in Bar.
(Joernal Special Servies.)
St. Petersburg, Dec. 1. Advices from
the front show that the advance of Gen
eral Kuropatkin's wing is being pressed
and apparently with success to Russian
Under today's date Kuropatkin re
ports as follows;
"Our army pursued the retreating;
Japanese, who were forced from Tala
Hechen, and continue the advance.
"The enemy's rear guard was oa
Tuesday forced to evacuate a pass tea
versts south of Tstn Hechen. after
stubborn fighting. Their losses wsrs con
siderable, considering the nature of the)
fighting, while oura were , very small."
Grave anxiety is felt hers now for
the garrison at Port Arthur. The news
of the Japanese capture of lea Meter
hill, received hero from other than offi
cial sources, has been given no con
firmation, but it Is admitted that If
proved true It will mean a decidedly se
rious blow to StoeessL
The hill dominates a large territory.
The securing of such a foothold by the
enemy, however, renders ths fats of
the stronghold much mors uncertain,
and there la a general belief that noth
ing but groat haste on the part of ths
Baltic fleet can render Stoeaeel'a de
y ;-, fcrg
kief troops from PortTthur I
anese, or elss offset the loes of the
stronghold by a wholesale defeat to
(Joarssl Special Service.)
Toklo, Dec. 1. The announcement of
the capture of log metre hill haa created
Intense enthusiasm in the Japaneee capi
tal and revives the hope for the early,
fall of the fortress propsr.
Todsy thousands of recruits marched
to the barracks and donned uniforms.
Relatives carrying nags and banners
escorted them. The number of men
raised under the conscription act hag
not been made public.
Reports from Port Arthur say that
Lleutenant-Oeneral Thuchlya la among
the wounded and that General Naka
mura. who commanded the body of
swordsmen which charged the Russian
forts November 25, was Injured In both
healed by Japanese Toissdu Use a,
(Special Dtspateb tn The Journal
Tacoma, Wash . Dos. 1. Captain
Wright, of the steamer Hyados, aaya
that one of the most Interesting sights
in ths war seen from his ship ems the)
searchlights at Port Arthur. The big
ship wss almost 4o miles stray wbea
the lights were sighted
"You could see them," said the cape
tain, "sweep across the sky, soraetimeo
a narrow beam and then app sarins; IGfca
a fire as they covered the harbor. Wo
were overhauled by a Japanese torpedo
boat, but not boarded ee the Japanese
seemed to know all about us."
The Hysdea encountered considerable
bad weather on the voyage, and was tat
tn arriving here.
I Jooraal Spatial Service.)
London, Dec. 1. The London Morning)
Post's Shanghai corrsepsssdsat rahsss
that the garrison of a Vladivostok fort
Monday mode a mistake fa Identity and
shelled a Russian destroyer which was)
returning from a scouting trip. The de
stroys waa soak Immediately.
London. Deo. 1. The Rom
pood en t of the Central News wires that
several Russian odators have arrived at
Rome aad obtained permission to visit
the navy yards It Is stated the visitors
Intend to order ths construction In Italy
of four battleships snd sis cruisers.
to remember all
without each a sj slags.
Usea their refusal to
saicae or istgkMsti proof that
paM rare they
irPssmmmawHs "''r llfejmmmTmmmM