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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
THE OREGON DAILY JOURNAL. PORTLAND, SATURDAY EVENING. AUOUST 87, 1901
CLUB LEADERS ON
Portland Women Discuss the Question, Should
the Feminine Criminal Be Executed?
Views of Grcuit Judges
Whether the Judge who in sentencing
Mrs. Cordelia Hot k Hi to Imprisonment for
life said that the Airy erred In not In
flicting the death penalty and that her
Bex saved her from the extreme pun
tehment merited by her olfenae, waa Jus
tified In hie stricture or not, la dls
cuaaed by leading Portland club women.
The vlewa of many of the chief work
era among" the woman clube waa ae
cured by The Journal ort thla lntereat
lng decision and are appended.
Mrs. Cordolla Botkln waa recently sen
tenced to life Imprisonment by a Cali
fornia Jury for sending a box of poi
soned candy through the malla to Mrs.
John P Dunning. The evidence waa
conclualve to the Jury and would prob
ably have resulted In a death penalty
had a man been the culprit before the bar.
That the sentence' was not the extreme
one wss taken by the Judge to mean
that the Jury had allowed the prisoner's
aex to weigh, when It should not. On
this expression of the Judaea, feminine
opinion in Portland yartea as la shown
by the following interview:
Mrs. Abigail Soott Dunlway. the pio
neer club woman of Oregon, allows
woman a slight privilege In this matter.
"Am long aa woman baa no part In mak
ing the laws." she said, "aha should be
the aubject of clemency, since she is
not the subject of Justice. Personally.
1 am not an advocate of capital pun
ishment. There is no good in punish
ment that stands merely for vengeance;
but I think the punishment should lit
the caae. In time matters will be
changed. As a general principle we
have outgrown capital punishment, but
one generation preachea and the naxt
practices. We are not yet ready for
the chsnge. But women In general feel
strongly against this institution and
their influence might mean a quicker
change were they In a position to use
that Influence. 80 they should not be
subject to extreme laws they have no
part in making. But it certainly shows
a terrible atste of affairs when people
have to commit murder to get rid of
Dr. Caldwell's flew.
Dr. Mae Cardwell expresses herself
In much the same manner. "Bex Itself
should be no resson for dlscrlmlnstlon.
As soon as we allow this w allow the
weakness of women. Ordinarily there
should be no discrimination between
man and woman for woman la Just as
responsible for her crime aa man. But
it is the general principle of mankind
that the strong shall protect the weak
We arr though in thinking her sex Is
woman's weakneas. It la non-representation.
She Is given no chance to pro
tect heraelf. I do not believe In capital
punishment. Give woman the ballot
and capital punlahment would soon be
abolished. Tea. I think we are ready
for It we need only adtlon. I think too
that no one who haa no part In making
the laws should be a victim of their ex
treme measures. In the case of foreign
ers, they may not have their votes, but
they are able to. After a certain period
they can get the right and If they do
not they are only throwing away their
privileges. Before naturalisation they
can demand the protection of their own
country- Women cannot demand this
"As for the case of Mra. Bodkin. If
she is guilty she is ungrateful, un
principled end low-moraled. She should
not be abroad, but It Is a terrible thing
to convict her to death on circum
stantial evidence. But thla la equally
terrible and risky In the caae of a man.
I believe that other conditions being
equal ahe should suiter the same penalty
as a man.
Opinion of Btrs. Mann.
Mr. P. J. Mann, prealdent of the
Woman's club, while agreeing about the
horrors of the death penalty takes ex
ception to any discrimination.
"There should be absolutely no differ
ence In Judgment. A woman Is Juat aa
responsible for bar malicious crime as a
man. In crime unpremeditated the ex
citability of the sex might be argued,
but that la a weak excuse. In early
daya her Ignorance, her Inferiority
might have been a cause, but in this age
of her enlightenment that playa no part.
The death penalty la truly a terrible
thing, but what else can we do? Soli
tary confinement la suggested, but thai"
Is barbarous. We may not want to kill
but la It more human to torture? Wa
are apt to Jump at conclusions In this
matter, but It Is only by weighing both
has the purity that com
mends its' constant use in
all households. "No lard
such a home favorite.
Silver Leaf Lard Is sold in 3, 5
and 10 pound neatly lithographed
tin pails. Ask your dealer.
" SWIFT a company, u. a A.
sides carefully, viewing the question
from all standpoints that we can get
Justice. I believe that such matters will
work themselves out since we can't."
T think there Is no question of sex In
this matter." said Mra. A. H. Breyman
"One punishment for both sexes. But 1
think that life Imprisonment should take
the place of the death penalty. The
taking of life seems a horrible thing to
me. But there should be a limit placed
In the governor's power for pardon.
Pardons should be allowed only on posi
tive proof of Innocence. Otherwise sen
tence becomes only temporary punish
ment A criminal knows that he haa a
chance after his deed to releaae himself
by a period of good behavior. It la bad
for the morale of our country If we only
aeek to punish a criminal and not to
put the danger out of the way. But
fear of death doea not deter a criminal
from hla act any more. I believe, than
life Imprisonment would."
One Code for All.
Mra. B. P. Fraser. corresponding sec
retary of the club, thinks that aa there
should be one code of morals for men
snd women, so each should pay the
'We must suffer the affects of our
sins, and more than that, we ahould bear
them unflinchingly. Capital punish
ment may not solve thla great problem
but If there la a better one, time will
show It to us. But there is only one
law and ao long aa It la th law wa
muat abide by It. be It man or woman,
and breaking It We must pay the pen
Mra. Martha A. Dal ton aays that
hanging Is awful, but Imprisonment ts
"It is too easy to gat out and one
who will plan a sin ao deliberately aa
did Mra. Botkln la dangerous to have
at large. She can have no principle. If
sh will do this once she may do It
again when opportunity offers. As long
then aa life Imprisonment Is so easily
shortened, death seems to be the only
way. I have no sympathy with a woman
who trlea to break up a home. She
should be put out of the way and she
should be ready to stand the conse
quences of her action.
Woman Is Bssponslblo.
"Certainly there should be no discrim
ination between sexes." said Mra. M. H.
Clinton of the city directory. "Her sax
doea not lessen a woman's responsi
bility. If a man must die for such a
crime, a woman ahould. My objection
is to capital punlahment for any one.
After death ail is over. There la no
chance to Improve conditions. I do not
think a wrongdoer ahould be put out of
the way, but ahould be put where he
may Improve. Then, too, we are taking
a great responsibility In sentencing a
man to death. We do not know what
have been hla environments and how far
they are responsible. He might have
acted differently under different Influ
ences, and there Is still that possibility
for the future. There are questions of
heredity, too. that might be considered.
As for the Bible commands that oomes
under the old blood code and while It
waa necessary In that age It may not
be now. However, a woman should
never be allowed to preaume on har aex
in a matter of crime.
Judge George's Opinion.
Judge M. C. Oeorge of the circuit
court said that he would not attempt to
criticise the San Francisco Judge, for
he had not kept himself posted on the
"However, the proverbial gallantry
of man," said the Judge, "seems to
aTlse In cases where a woman is nn
trial for murder, and protects her. Still
there are a few cases where a woman
haa been executed for very grave of
fenses the same as man. One reason
why so few women are executed la be
cause they are so much better than
men. Very few women commit serious
Judge A. F. Sears says that he .aees
no particular difference whether capi
tal punishment Is meted out to a man
or woman as long as they have commit
ted a grave offense.
"If a woman slna." said the Judge,
"there Is nothing In the law which aaya
ahe shall be protected more than man.
I think It probable that a Jury of wo
men rendering a verdict In the caae of
Mrs. Botkln would have fixed the death
"In thla particular caae I think the
Judge may have had good reason for
making the comment, aa the woman
had twice been tried and had twice been
found guilty of murder In the first de
gree, and when 24 men concur on one
point It la conclualve. I cannot see why
sex should make any difference In the
penalty aa long aa a very serious crime
has been committed.'
msuao BDiToi or
au beibto TAKfjaT in the de-
VELOrMERT OF THE DISTRICT
LACK OX1 TmAJTSPOHTATIOH.
Many Improvement are under way
In the vicinity of Cottage Grove, but
the largeat gains are being made. In
William B. Root, editor of the Bohe
mia Nugget, at Cottage Grove, la In the
city attending the mining congreaa aa
a delegate. He aays: ,
"Cottage urove is in a pru.porou.
condition. Great timber Interests are
being carried on by the lumber compa
nies and there la a gradual improve
ment in the business.
"A good many people are coming In
from the aaat and are buying homes
"The Bohemia mlntng district., so
miles from Cottage Grove, la being con
uM.rohiv HvAlnned thla season and
great Improvements show wherever they
have been driving tunneis on me veins.
i n.w mills are bains- erected.
Th. nnimn ftocurtties Mlninc company
haa a large SO-stamp mill nearly com
pleted and F. J. iiara at to. are ouhu
, . ia..t.n mill at the Vesuvius
mm na (rvlNw mountain, and Is also
constructing a l.MO-foot tram from the
upper tunnel to tne mm xor me puri
of transporting the ore from the mine
direct to the mill.
"The lack of transportation and bad
wagon roada have been a serious draw
back to the development of the district,
ith th iimrnn A Southeastern
railway completed mora than half way
and the wagon roaas mucn impraiw,
this difficulty la being largely overcome
and on the whole the district la quite
me riiue river aisiriui. .v
north, where the Lucky Boy and other
-m i. ,hAlnv tell. ooveral mills
1111 I IOT I '
having been Installed during the Bum
mer. Both Of tnese aisinris nave an
exhibit of ore at the mining congreaa."
HAVE TO HURRY
THOSE INTERESTED IN CAHQO OF
CAPTURED ARABIA MUST APPEAL
TO VLADIVOSTOK COURT RUS
SIAN GOVERNMENT TO
LOWANCE FOB FLOUR.
Those who are Interested In the
steamship Arabia's cargo, nbw in pos
session of the Russian authorttlea,
muat make an Immediate proteat before
the Vladivoatok court of Inquiry against
the freight being retained. If they wish
the matter settled quickly and In their
favor. Is the purport of a telegram from
Secretary Hay to M. C. Harrison a Co.
The court la now in session ana it is ex
pected that a decision wUl be reached by
The Portland a Asiatic Steamship
company haa appointed a Russian at
torney by the name of Franx Walden of
Vladivostok, to represent Its Interests at
the Investigation. He has also been re
tained by the Portland shippers.
A wrong Impression haa gotten out
concerning the Arabia's cargo. Many of
those who have endeavored to keep In
touch with the situation are of the opin
ion that all of the steamer's freight haa
been released excepting the portion
which was consigned to Japanese porta.
As a matter of fact, according to. official
reports from both Washington and St.
Petersburg, none of the cargo has been
released. The Hongkong shipments of
flour, as well as those destined for
Japan, are being held to be disposed of
at the pleasure of the court. The flat
cars and machinery have been con-
flacated on the ground that they are con
traband of war, and there appears to be
no likelihood of anyone entering an ob
jection to Russia's course In this par
ticular. The shippers are confident that the
St. Petersburg government will pay the
full market value for the flour and food
stuffs, as well as provide liberal allow
ances for all delays that have been ex
BOYS START BRUSH
FIRES FOR SPORT
Boya who desire to see the fire horses
prance and run Just to gratify their
desire for excitement have become a
veritable nuisance to the fl rehouses on
the aaat side of the river.
Brush and grass fires have been fre
quent in the vicinity of Alnsworth and
Nineteenth streets, where there la a
stretch of brush, which in many places
sxtends to the back doors of several of
Many of these fires started In places
where It waa Impossible for them to or
iginate by accident, and Battalion Chief
Holden came to the conclusion that the
fires were Bet by boya. In event of the
youngsters being caught they will be
This Is a dangerous location for a
fire to start, an the brush Is very denaa
and the undergrowth Is dry aa tinder.
The cltlsens have become ao badly
frightened that they have appealed for
WORLD'S FAIR EXCURSIONS.
On September R. , and 7 the Canadian
Pacific will again plaoe on sals special
round-trip tickets to St Louis, Chicago
and eastern points at very low rates.
These tickets will be i good for stop-over
privileges, with a final limit of to days.
Tickets will be honored on the "Imperial
The Canadian Pacific la the Popular
World's Fair route because of Its ex
cellent sleeping and dining-car service,
snd scenic attrsctlons the grandest In
the world. Double dally train service
and the best of everything. For full
particulars call on or address F. R.
Johnson, F. a P. A., 142 Third street,
A eheeae expert at a mining congress
is one of the novelties at the Portland
session. The Individual Is Col. Frederick
William MacQueen of Ontario, Canada,
and he cheerfully admits that he doea
not know very much about mining, al
though hla district in Ontario Is one
of the two greatest nickel producing
districts In the world.
"I came down to Portland to see the
country," he said thla morning. "While
wa have great nickel mines In Ontario,
our bonanaa Is cheese. We got $10,000.-
000 for the product of our cheese fac
tories laat year, and If all the cheesea
from Ontario had been piled up on top
of each other they would have made a
stack 825 miles high. . This has been
mathematically figured out, and I guess
you will admit that although we have
no large delegation of miners here we
are out of sight on cheese."
Colonel MacQueen says that the nickel
mines of his district employ thousands
of men In taking out the ore from which
the humble nickel of the American finan
cial system Is made. There Is a vaat
deposit of the ore near the town of
Woodstock. Ontario, from which he was
appointed by the common council aa a
"Nickel ore," be aaya, "looks more
like copper than any other ore. It la
mined, much the same, and there la no
special Interest felt in the Industry out
side of that particular district."
Tref erred Stock Canned Oooda.
Allen a Iewls' Best Brand.
fuU Lino of Wood and Coat
Heating and Cooking Stoves
and Kitchen FurnUAing
THERE IS NO MORE EXPENSE ATTACHED TO OPERATING
A FOX OR MAGEE HOT AIR FURNACE
THAN AN ORDINARY HEATING 8TOVE, AND THE FURNACE
WILL HEAT SIX OR EIGHT ROOMS AS READILY AS ONE.
PEOPLE USE HOT AIR FURNACES BECAUSE THIS IS SO
And for the additional reason that there is no dirt or dust, where these are employed,
except in the basement Our prices are a good deal less, too, than those of exclusive
dealers, because we conduct a large hardware business in connection. Person desir
ing heating stoves will find the largest stock In Portland to select from, and our tin
shop, in connection, enables us to do business in that line at a lower margin of profit
than the fellows who have to buy everything from other people.
J. J. KADDERLY
Odd Fellows' Temple, First and Alder
Phone Main 1382
OUGHT TO SEE THAT NEW GRINDING MACHINE OF OURS. ITS
BRIGHT S DISEASE
Many people who are neglecting symptoms of kidney trouble, hoping "it will wear away,
drifting: towards Bright' s Disease, which is kidney trouble in one of its worst forma,
Bright' s Disease, which is kidney trouble in one ot its worse lorms.
tnn irr.tni1aririf: strenirthrns the urinarv orarans and builds up tne worn-out tissues
r - m : . . . i . .
will ncrfnrm thrfr functions orooeriv. ncauny
the imourities from the blood as it passes through them. Diseased kidneys qo not, ana
kidneys so the)
kidneys strain out
the poisonous waste matter is carried by the circulation to every pare 01 tne Doay,
causing dizziness, backache, stomach trouble, sluggish liver, irregular heart action, etc.
If you have any signs of Kidney or Bladder Trouble commence taking FOLEY'S
KIDNEY CURE at once, as it will cure a slight disorder in a few days and prevent a
fatal malady. It is pleasant to take and benefits the whole system.
8. B. Burhona Testifies After Four Tea re.
O. B. Burhans of Carlisle Center, N. Y., writes:
"About fear vaars aga I wrote you stauog that I aaa basa estirely
cured of a sever, kidney trouble by t.ktog lasa then two bottles of
Feley. Kidney On re. II entirely etoppea tne sncs-ausi "- asm
pais and eymstoms of kidney disease dlsasasared. l am (lad to say that
Now to Find Out.
Ton can easily determine if your kidneys ar
out ot order by setting aside for 34 hours a
bottle ot the urine pasted upon arising. If
upon examination it Is cloudy or milky or has
fheve sever had a return of any of those symptom, during the four
veer, the t hs.e el.pe.d. and sm OViOOStly cured to eta y cured, and
bly rVco. smo4 ?ey ' . Kidney Care to say oaa aafeartaf fro.
kidney or bladder troubled
Two Sizes, 50 Cent and $1.00.
SOLD AND RECOMMENDED BY
WOODARD, CLARKE ft CO. and LAUE-DAVIS DRUG CO.
Sefiftiless Cast-iron Jacketed Kettle,
Wa are preparing to remove
our stock of Stoves and
Ranges to our new warehouse
on the corner of Thirteenth
and Irving streets, and aa wa
do not wish to move the aam
plaa that are now on the
floor, wo will make a special
low price on each of them ao
that It will justify Intending
buyers to call and aava money.
& GOING CO.
THE ORDER OF WASHINGTON
RATES ARE CORRECTLY BASED
Good Insurance Furnished to Men and Women Who
Can Pass Required Examinations.
ALL WHO ARE UNDER THE AGE Of SIXTY CAN JOIN
If you want the beat fraternal insurance in the world, far
vesrigate the plans of The Order of Washington ; for foil par
ticulars, pamphlets, etc, address, giving your age,
J. L. MITCHELL, Supreme Secretary,
612 Marquam Bldg., Portland Ore.
BAR FIXTURES BILLIARD TABLES
From Us; and YOUR LIQUORS WHERE
YOU PLEASE, if you want to save money
and stay in business.
The Brunswick-Balkc Collender Co.
FENCE & WIRE WORKS
A. CARLSON, Proprietor
WOOD, IRON AND STEEL
And the Universal Combination Fence
EVERYTHING IN WIRE.
Telephone, union 17
Special rates made to families
sstaftllanmeni la lae novo.
$3 Per Day
HBAOOUARTBRS FOB TOURISTS
gentlemen. A modern
St. - auwsna,
Journal Want Ads. are winners 21 words for 10 cents.
Table Sugar Syrup
A NEW ADDITION TO OUR INCOMPARABLE
LINE OF PREFERRED STOCK CANNED GOODS
tzst wa sxaea a oannnoATa
t SVBADS AM rOlLOWll
''We hereby guarantae TOWL.E'8 PREFERRED
STOCK Table Butar Syrup to be absolutely PIT RE ana full measure.
Xa4a from a blending of high-grade sugars only, and la not to bo classed
Wltn any otner sugar syrup on ino rn.ru. u
CarfJflcato of Furfty '
ALLEN & LEWIS