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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 7, 1904)
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I . I ' ' . . 1 THE OREGON SUNDAY JOURNAL. PORTLAND. SUNDAY, ' MORNING, AUGUST 7. 1904. "1 -
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(y Traderl 7. Xaakta.)
aid that to underatand a po-
le one should atudy their home.
their plea urea, and their occupa
tions, especially the work of the
, woman of a, country. Wherever we And
. .the woman of Spanish Unease, we have
an expert tn drawn-work lace, a weave
:.i .Bearer to gossamer than any other
'mortal texture one o fine and ex
Iqulalte that It la aald It took the pa
tience of a aaint to create It,
. ; While laoe aa a fabric la not the
.peculiar prerogative of any race. It la
,true that thla particular style Is only
' found In perfection among the racea of
Bpanlsh origin. Hence we aee It In
Mexico, In South America, In the Phlllp
. 'pines, the Canary la land a. the Spanish
talea of the Mediterranean. In Cuba, and
,ln old Spain. The Philippine woman,
jnot only making It tf linen and cotton,
rases the pineapple cloth, - beside which
' . 'chiffon - and mouaaellne de aole look
" eoarae yet which poaaeaa 'a degree of
durability beyond many heayler atuffa.
The fill pi no bride, robed In the lace
; made of thla goods,- repreaenta tn her
' .attire a greater outlay of labor, and. It
pnay be safely added, more artlatlo con
ception than the aatln and allk robed
bride of any. of her land. . '.
-.. Character Trsoeg ta "bass,
, . Now what sort of character doea thla
(Work Indicate T , In the needle art of
. fvarloua countrlea of .Europe, where
; color doea not play a' part, character
' pa traced with an unerring hand.. Com
. 'pare Irish point with Bruaaela, or
'.Venetian lace with Valenclennea. Again
there la nothing more unlike Engliah or
tFrencti or Flemish character than .the
several varletlea of lace made In Spain.
'One who knowa the Spanlah nature will
'aee It In the handiwork of the women.
While the) principle la the aame wherever
it la made, there la a marked difference
In the execution and the detail. The
woman of old Spain ereatea more ar
"tlstlo designs,' but her productions are
more aolld, and lack aoraethlng of the
1 llghtneaa and fanclfulness of her half
. 'sisters In Latin-America. The Philip
pine woman leta her oriental environ
ment ahow In ber combination. The
Mexican work la on a firmer foundation
, 'than that of the eaat, and ahowa a trace
of the barbaric Asteo taste. The South
(American 'and Mexican lacea are very
similar, except that In the former there
are not the strong points of finish and
, conventionalism , of the latter. It Is
Cuban woman, however, who seems to
combine the excellencies and beauties of
' all other .nations In her exquisite pro
"STRANGE it Is that' the minds of
. "Saw men should be overcome, their
VJ wills subdued and their . con
. science hushed by the maglo po-
Itenov of a rellaious charlatan. 8tran-
jger Still Is It that' th,r should sacrifice
their al money, friends, relatives, and
leven themselves at the bidding of the
Since time began, religion has been.
And since religion has been, those who
weak have been Imposed upon by
those who are strong. There have been
(hundreds and thousands of varieties of
Iremarkable propheta - or Meaalahs who
'have "rushed to the rescue of a sinful
world." and there will be hundreds and
'thousands more. In moat . caaes the
leaders of the various cults have been
Ignorant, as the world goes. But,
though possessed of no learning In many
canes, and leas culture, . they have that
which absorbs their followers, demand'
Ing and obtaining alL
In originality this country has prob
ably produced more real kingpins of re
ligious fakery than any other part of
the world. America has given to the
world a Dowlev a Hanlsh and hosts of
.others who have gathered unto there'
elves fanatical followers, and Incident
ally enormous wealth
. To- read or study the phases of each
.religious cult that has lived and died or
that lives and deceives would require
mors time than the average man who
lives an average life could spare. But
'.a compilation of the most astonishing
features of each would be a volume of
And none, very likely, would offer
more of bra sen imposition and disgust
tng depravity than that brand of religion
promulgated by Creffleld. the) "Holy
London is Just now livthe midst of a
. nlne days sensation because Rev. T. IL
.Smyth-Plggott, a clergyman of the
. Church of England, who some years ago
. startled London by claiming to be the
.Messiah, has again come to the fore.
. 'When Clapton, a suburb of the metropo
lis, where he first became famous, was
made too hot for him, Smyth-PIggott be
took himself to a Somersetshire village,
' where he Is now residing In a large house
'standing In Its own grounds.
The self-styled Messiah calls his reel-
' dence the "Abode of Love," and there
he has gathered around him mora thanJ
a nuiiu rou aiHuiiueM, wuuin u ioiui
Jpemonics. Theae are mostly . young
.women, many of them said to be of re
markable beauty. One of them Is a spe
cial favorite of Smyth-PIggott, who
some days ago announced, "I am the
' Lamb of Ood, and this la the wife of the
'Lamb," as he waved his band In the dl
., rectlon of his especially -honored com
panion, who. goes by the name tf Be
loved Ruth. ' Beloved Ruth is described
lit handsome young woman, who, when
ahe isn't In attendance on the adored one
-within the house, lolls on the lawn of
the Abode of Love In a hammock of
scarlet hue and wears expensive sum
mer dresses. ..-.-
' . Smyth-PIggott takes his meals by
himself, and the women disciples prac
tically draw lots as to who shall have
the honor of waiting upon him. Before
breakfast ' he takes a constitutional
around the charming grounds, his' head
bent tn thought, his lips moving as If
In prayer. A special kind of bread of an
unleavened nature Is sent direct from
London and eaten by some of the strict
est of the sect. Everything Is of the
. best, for the motto of the Agapemonltlc
its "Luxury, and enjoyment, and peace,
with good works." There waa recently
a special gathering of disciples from all
parte of England. Addressing them In
the garden of the Abode of Love. Bmyth
riggntt asserted his claim to be the Son
Of Ood. Many of the Agapemonltlrs
openly worshiped him when he said: "I
am Lord Jesus, who has come- again."!
y Revelations and miracles are confident
ly awaited by hla followers, in whose
case deferred hope appears to strengthen
their faith. tn the Abode of Love.
None may addreas Smyth-PIggott by
any name except Messiah,.
Smyth-PIggott cornea of an old Som
erset family. He was born In 1SS3, and
after several voyages as a sailor took
orders. In ISM he joined the Salvation
j Some Very
Queer v';,:, ;
i Religious 1
' :::.:, Frauds
ductions, with an additional and peculiar
charm of her own. Where the Mexican
woman exhibits her taate, cultivated be
neath the mountain ahadows, or on the
wide plains, the Cuban ;:sh&s her en
vironment .of sloping hills, limpid
wsters, and waving palma. But the aame
racial tratta are . traced In all. There
la the aame love of grace and beauty,
the patience,.' the regard to detail, and,
above all. the failure to aubordlnate tn
trlnalo value to ahowy effect.
How. Brawm Work Is Made.
. The Spanlah name for thla work Is
"."randa." although It la unlveraally
known among ladles who speak Eng
lish, aa drawn work. The process of Its
manufacture la very simple, yet very,
tedious. The combinations are. worked'
upon the woof by the removal of the
filling. It la a mere counting of thread a,
aa in crosa stitch, and while thla seems
a vary simple task, the utmost care and
patience are necessary to produce good
workmanahlp. The ' beauty of the de
sign depends much upon the taste and
Imagination of the worker, because there
Is no pattern. The start la made by
counting and drawing the threads, which
must be repeated over and over again
until the combinations are effected and
completed. If there Is a single mis
calculation all the tedious labor la for
naugnt. Bnouia the . worker construct
careleaaly, considering that one thread
mors or teaa makes no difference, the
result would be certain failure. On ac
count of the extreme care which la exer
cised, the result that la obtained is al
most , perfection, as If the Angers were
some well-regulated machine. .
The Idea for Favterna.
The conventional designs which ' are
common among all needle " women of
Spanish blood represent Biblical Ideaa.
The piety of the gentle Latins alwaya
aaaert Kself. Hence we find msny pat
terns repreaentlng The Crown of the
iora. "The Tears of Christ." -The
Tears ofMary," The Thorne of the
Savior," and "The Thongs Which Bound
the Lord." ,,
Nob. does the worker confine herself
to conventional ldeaa. With an artlatlo
eye and lively fancy ahe eoplea birds
upon the wing and butterflies In their
flight, as well as blossoms and buds of
various kinds, counting every thread
and stitch, on a foundation of fine linen,
or the gassamer-llke fibre of the pine
apple; ahe uaes. a thread Ilka a cobweb,
and produces something so filmy, so
ethereal, so near akin to the dainty
work of the frost, that It aeems more
fitting for fairy garments than for mor
tal robes. . . .
Army, and after II years of sealbus
work with that body he suddenly separ
ated hlmaelf from It. In 18S. For the
next two yeara he labored hard In con
nection with the Irish missions. While
In Ireland he became converted, to the
doctrines of Prince, founder of Agape
monltea. . He acted as paator of the Ark
of Covenant at Clapton, and on the death
of Prince In 189 he aucceeded to the
leadership. . Then came vhls am axing
proclamation Of hlmaelf as the Messiah.
Jacob Bellhart, or "Jacob," as her calls
himself. Is leader and originator' of the
"Spirit Fruit." He la remarkable, first,
for his power over the hearts and minds
of men and their' entire resignation to
his will and obedience to his commands.
He Is remarkable for the number of
tnese followers and their devotion to hla
teachings, no less than 10.000 persons
scattered throughout the world profess
ing laim in mm.
He Is remarkable : for ha vine ana.
ceeded In founding a colony at Lisbon,
unio. innaoitea solely by his followers.
He Is remarkable for the perfection
of the organisation he has formed, not
only having a colony In this city, . but
having founded missions- In numerous
cities of the world and conducting
great variety of business enterprises.
He Is remarkable In all that ha has ac
complished and all that he Is accom
puaning is rounded on his own per
All property Is shared mutually by the
members of his fold. It Is true, but every
thing Is done by his orders and the entire
fabrio of hla organisation depends solely
unon nis personality and magnetism.
But most remarkable of all Is this Ig
norant man's power to draw men of
wealth and women of culture to htm and
create within them such a blind fascina
tion for his teaching that they are willing
to leave husband, children, home, happi
ness, wealth, reputation, all. everything.
and follow him.
In an Inner room of Jacob Bellhart's
"heaven" on the "Spirit Fruit" -farm
near this town, va conference was held
which may have for one of Its results
the transplanting-of the Chicago follow
ers of the "Spirit Fruit society" to the
paradise" established here by "Jacob."
Frank Rockwell of Chicago, a brother
f I.-R- Rockwell. -thr millionaire mining
man or Chicago, who turned over to
Jacob" a fund estimated at $30,000 during
the laat few weeks, and who Is looked to
by the "Spirit Fruit" believers as an
"angel," has arrived here.
It Is generally understood around the
heaven" that an Immense scheme Is on
foot to transplant all the Chicago follow
ers or "Jacob" to Lisbon and maintain
only a recruiting agency In the western
Frank Rockwell H the second member
of the Rockwell family of Chicago to
loin the "Spirit Fruit" farm frensy. He
is the owner of the Minnie Moors silver
and lead mines of Colorado.
One vlaltor tos "heaven" saw a man and
a woman walking on the lawn In front
of tin "Spirit Farm'" with their arms
about each .other chatting confidingly,
but when they saw him approaching they
separated, the man remaining to talk
religion with. him while the woman ran
Irto the house aa If ashamed..
Bellhart protests most vigorously thafl
his spirit Farm" Is not a free love
Institution. He declares that this Im
pression has been created by misin
formed people who do not wsnt to know
the truth and who prefer to believe a lie.
In the Idea of universal love he asserts
It Is Impossible for you to love one per
son more than aHothei. "Affinity" is ths
word he uses to convey Ms Idea of such a
stste of feelings. He claims t hat It Is
right, morally and physically, for a man
to love every other man's wife Just as
much as his own, and his dream of para
dise If that when the social barriers men
have erected shall all be battered down
and done' away with.
His declarations concerning the mar
riage relations are startling and astound
ing and are sugestlve of religious megalo
mania, yet apparently devoid of any
commercialism so far. ' The chief ehar
actetistlo of his peculiar religion. If It
may be called a religion, Is mysticism.
A Dr. Bailey of Chicago paid the "Spirit
Fruit" farm a visit In search of hla wife,
who. It wss reported, had eloped with
'Jacob." Dr. Bailey, so the report goes.
found his wlfs and persuaded her to
return to Chicago with him. Just as they
were entering the train to return home
Bellhart rushed up and attempted to take
her away from her husband. A fight
ensued, during which Dr. Bailey struck'
"Jacob" In the eye.
The conditions prevailing out on "Spirit
Fruit" farm are to be Investigated by
law. . . - 1
I I if vt. v ' I
K s. Sc V , , V J o t . t -J fs r''
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, THB FAVORITE SPANISH -HEAD DRESS. '
"We 'violate no laws," said Bellhart. I and several archbishops. . We have the I swift.' -deft Jerk he whirled her round
"We violate no laws," said Bellhart.
"We merely violate conventionalities and
follow the. law of nature. My belief. Is
not a religious .nor yet a philosophy. , It
Is life." ,
Non-reslstanoe, universal love and com
mon ownership are the. three essential
tenets of their religion, The farm has
been In operation about four years, ac
cording to Bellhart. The home stands
upon a knoll, beautifully situated, is an
old-fashioned structure, and Is large and
oosy. At present there are only 10. men
and women housed on the farm.
This - couple Is Robert O. Wall, - the
well -known labor leader of Chicago, and
his wife. The other Inmates of the home
are either married realdents living apart
from their husbands or wives or unmar
ried people.- A number of them are youpg
gins naraiy out or tneir teens. The good
people of Lisbon, actuated by high moral
Ideals, have from time to time tried to
procure official Investigation of things
at the home of the organisation, but
have Invariably failed because tio laws
are being broken as farv as anybody
Bellhart asserts that he Is the prophet
Jacob, reincarnated. Just aa Dow le pro
fesses to be ElUah.T Bellhart Is a native
of thla state, having been born and
raised on a farm Ave mllea from Lisbon.
He was educated In tho publlo schools
of Bonesvllle district, near Vnlonvllle,
and la well known all through this
county. - ,-
The most . picturesque passenger ar
riving last week on the Kaiser Wllhelm
II, ' from Bremen, waa Herr -Qeorg
Drutachel of Llchtenfela, Bavaria, the
advocate of no. underclothing and no
Herr Drutachel, who wears only
trousers and ssck cost of homespun.
gray, with a pair or shoes and a big
cane and a large black felt hat. Is
bearded and long-haired. He looks as
strong as a giant. - The topmost four
or five Inches of his chest la bare, and
the skin, weather and sun-hardened, la
as red aa a pumpkin.
Herr Drutachel haa come over seas to
Introduce his cult of hardening the body.
curing rheumatism, bad circulation.
shortness of breath and headache by
bathing, nourishment, and "Nothing -but
Nature, aa the shirtless advocate terms
bis religion. ",
Herr Drutachel haa brought over
choice assortment of . his aphorisms.
among which are the following, trans
lated Into his own iuaint English:
"A large -and -well-ventilated hall la
necessary to drink beer In. Do not re
main here long, but for several times
leave' it and go oat of doors to breathe
In fresh air.""
"Eat whenever you are hungry! drink
when you are thirsty; time doea not
matter. Pure air la for the atomach
like a newly sharpened grindstone ' to
grina corn wiin. .
"Willie drinking' beer you .ought to
est Bome.cheese and rya bread (no but
ter upon ,. It)." . .. .1. .
Those who have escaped Zaradusht
Hanlah and hla religion of torture and
atarvatlon, havs yet to escape" Augustus
Schrader and the "Flying Rollers." .
With their beards flowing tn the wind.
the "Flying Rollers" have Invaded Chi
cago and are preaching the doctrine that
it la a aln to cut your beard or to wash
your hahda "of tsnsr than Is absolutely
necessary." They have already set out
to convert the people of the city,' under
the direction of their leader and prophet,
Hardly hsd the "Flying Rollers" set
tled down when Schrader-arrived to
undo the work which the other prophets
nd preachers have dona. He Is a
striking figure In the streets ' aa he
paradea around la hla long black gown,
faced with red, and hla flowing beard
and hair. - - -
I Intend to preach the doctrine that
we must love everyone and hate no
one." he said. : '
That Is ths principal tenet of my
church. I have 100,000 members of my
ahurch. .Tbr,ais tWCUfafalns.il Jlsrs
s. -j" ar - - -a ".'w w i v sj a
Ate l . i 'Wg
and several archbishops. . We have the
only woman blahop In the world. Bishop
Josephlns .Zenla Morris -oft Kansas
City.",,..:,,. ,,; -
. The police of Denver, Colo., are in
vestigating a society called the Denver
Brotherhood of Emethachavah.
- Th head of the order la Franklin P.
White, an architect, and his wife la the
high priestess.: - The headquarters of
the brotherhood Is TS1 Canosa court.
across the Platte river from Burnham.
Here ths Whites have bought a f-room
house and' have fitted It with luxurious
furniture. When a new member Is ad
mitted to the brotherhood he Is given
a room there, and la never again al
lowed to leave except on missions des'
Ignated by White. - There are now about
a dnxen members.
"We are not polygamlsts, but we be
lieve that what belonaa to one brother la
also ths property of the other We be
lieve In virtue," said Mrs. White.
She further explained that the order
la a stepping stone to heaven, and If one
belongs to It on earth he Is admitted
Into the heaven branch of the order
when he dies. In soma respects the be
lief resembles spiritualism. In thst It
conitainaBnyetsl theories regarding the
communication with spirits. Although
the spirits of the departed are often
consulted. 'It is never with regard to
things earthly, aa that would offend the
(William Buckey, in New Tork Sun.)
UK curtain of the varieties went
up and the orchestra after the
overture began a rondeau. The
seats were filled with an anx
ious and expectant audience. Foon Luk,
the child wonder, waa to appear, won
derful things bad been written about
the feats of this .mite of . Chlneso
femininity. The playbills had pictured
her In full oriental costume, gay with
colors, and golden with the dragons on
the silk. She was a success before she
Before a bar or music naa oeen piayea
she came out from the wtnga with
short, quick steps toward the foot
lights. The applause of the audience
came to her as she knelt down on the
mat before .beginning. Resting on her
knees and hands she bent forward until
her head touched the floor.
"She Is praying," said somebody-In
ths audience to hla neighbor, "that Is
the way those heathens pray."'--
She was praying., but not one or tnose
whose eyes looked st her could have
guessed whst her prayer wss. Amid a
dead alienee she rose end stood up,
while a . big. strong-looking Celestial
brought chairs and other paraphernalia
upon the stags.
Hurry." he ssid to nor, rougniy, in
Chinese, "they, will lsugh at you If you
watt as though you were afraid. Hurry,
or you will know what the black atlck
means when you havs finished."
Then came the man's turn. He
faced the audence and bowed obsequi
ously; then, stripping off his outer
blouse, he threw nimseir upon a paaneo
table and beckoned - tho child to ' him.
Bha came, and he picked her up and,
raising her upon hla upturned feet,
balanced her a moment and then sent
her through the sir In a somersault and
caught her as she descended.
"Al-ya!" she cried; and ths audience
"What is it nowr ns aaxea ner.
It pains my back."
"The black stick will pain you more
than.. that,". he answered, as with a
swift, -deft Jerk he whirled ber round
again. Ths act ended,
This was -the debnt of "Foon Luk
after two years of hard work under a
vicious owner She was a slave who
had never known freedom.- Her parenta
had sold her for $15 to Chin Foo, who
had taken advantags of her "supple
limbs and lithe body to make her a pay
lng Investment. He bad succeeded: and,
aa he believed, was on the verge of a
fortune. For two years he had trained
her and beaten her with a malacca cane
which he had been pleaaed to call the
black atlck.. . It waa an instrument of
torture to her eyes, and even now the
mention of It made her tremble.
.. . - '
Whatever her thoughta had been. lit.
tie Foon Luk changed when ahe awoks
ths next day and rahearaed, as well aa
the space of the room would allow, the
most oimcuit part or her work.
wnat nas come over your' v asked
Chin Koo once, when he found her look
ing at him with a calm and steady eye.
Morning, sne answered, evasively.
"but today I would like to go to the
And spill good wine upon the floor
for a lover, I suppose T" he wss In a
good humor. .
"No; I want no lovers."
He dressed her up like a boy and
took! her to ths temple of the Chung
Wah Oung San. She prayed before the
god. of Justice, and shs cast the prsyer
sticks, and the omens were good. She
departed with a light heart.
That day she went home, and after
Chin Foo had gone out she took his yen
hoe og the opium tisy and triad: to
throw It so ths point would stick In
the door. It wss a long while before
she succeeded, but when at last the
slender point sunk deep In the wood,
she was satisfied. Every day when he
went out she prsctlsed with it, until at
Isst she became so expert that out of
every ten tlmea ahe threw It seven times
would It atlck In the door.
At lasf, one unlucky day, the long
wire needle broke. It did not take Chin
Foo long to discover It,
"Have you done thlar he asked.
holding up the pieces.
Tes," she answered. "The more
tricks, the more money.' I was trying a
new one." ... . '
"What was ItT" ha demanded, forget'
ting In his curiosity to be angry: When
she told him, he waa so pleased thst
he promised to get a set of throwing
knlvea and teach her all he knew. They
had been doing well at the theaters, and
he did not beat her so much as he had
before he began to get rich. A .new
trick meant more money. He bought
the knlvea, and together they practised
until at last he said:
Tou throw better than tha hl-txe who
sppeared before the emperor." Her aim
waa marvellously straight, and ier arm
wss wonderfully strong. If its strength
wss Judged by the depth ths steel
blades sank Into the wood.
He signed a contract with a circus
manager. It wss -settled they were to
start through the country In a week. IM
csme home and told the child. She
looked startled. " -
"Tou do not want to go?" he asked.
"Yes, yes, I want to go! But see. I
have no more good clothes. I must
mske soms clothes."
- He wss In a liberal mood. "I will
bur you some," he said. '
She wanted money before she went
She had tried for It and failed. She
looked about the room In despair, t'pon
her - wrist waa a bracelet. Atv that
would do. She dressed herself In the
boy's suit she wore when going about
the quarter, and taking one of the
throwing knlvea locked the door behind
her end slipped down the stslrs into the
street Bhe -hurried around the corner
to the shop of Su'Quong, the locksmith,
who had alwaya been kind to her.
"Su Quong." ahe said, "make me a
knife like thla." and shs pulled the
broad-bladed weapon out from under
her blouae. He took It, and examined It
critically. ' ,
The "randa" has Its folk-lore tale,
and the legend relating to ita origin Is
aa follows: Many centuries ago a de
vout nun of Grenada, living In a parish
which, had become poverty-stricken by
ths desolation of ths Moors, wss much
distressed by the raggedness of the al
tar cloth and chalice veil, aa well aa the
padre's veatments. Eaater waa drawing
night, and the good slater, shed many
aorrowful tears while laundering the
poor raga for the holy festival. She
spent' houra kneeling . upon the ' hard
floor, beseeching the Holy Mother and
the aalnta to-provide new vestments
for the padre and the altar before Easter
tide. Aa the time drew near ahe began
repairing the torn and threadbare linen.
At least she would patch and darn and
do her beat. And aa shs mended It, lo,
the darns took on forms of grace and
beauty. Far Into the night of Holy
Thuraday the alater worked. The dawn
of Oood Friday found her atill plying
her busy needle. And until Eaater
morning broke, except for her vigils
and her prayers, she pursued her task,
marveling - and rejoicing. Then on
Eaater ahe knelt In- adoration In the
church, while" all the people wondered
to see their poor altar draped In costly
lace, and the padre robed tn -shining,
So the saints were very helpful on
this, occasion. Instead of having the
cloths drop down from the sky, they
Inspired the brave. Industrious soul to
work, 'thus performing an' equally as
tonishing miracle one which could re
peat itself for all time. On the founda
tion of - this tradition of the crestlon
of "randa" are many others of girls
and women In sore straits, evolving
unique designs, and through thess
agencies overcoming their troubles.
. Nuns of all ages have been skilled
in needlework. It being their custom to
thus break the monotony of their vigils
and their fasts. Inaamuch aa they take
the vow of poverty, there Is no neces
sity for economy of time; Many- havs
spent the leisure hours of their whole
live upon single designs, and then left
them, unfinished, for other hands to
complete. There are some specimens
so delicate In texture that only twenty-
four Inches could be completed In a
year. There are shawls, the fiber o(
which Is so dainty and downy that they
can easily be drawn through an ordinary
The Orlg-la of Laoe. -'There
Is another pretty story which
explains the origin of lace -making.
According to thla old tale, which la Im
plicitly believed by many European lace-
workers, there wss a young noDieman
who had a beautiful but Impoverished
"An, little one, but that Is no use.
Thst would cut nothing." And he stuck
It against a piece of wood. "See, It
"Tes, but I want you to make a good
one, with the same shape. - Make it so
keen that the edges will cut through a
pillow filled with down. But It must run
the same shape, and with a handle like
"And who are you going to kill, little
highbinder?" he asked.
I am not a highbinder, she an
swered, trembling. . "I want the knife
for my work at the theater, but I have
no money. Tou can take my bracelet,"
and she held it toward him.
I want no money, little one, and -if
you were a highbinder, I would still
be your friend. . The gods are not al
ways good to the most deserving."
The day before they were to leave she
went to the lockamlth'a to get her
knlvea The old man had made a mar-
Velously sharp weapon, exactly like the
other but for Its keenness and the fact
that It hsd a finer point He handed
them to her. Then she went out The
sharp knife she hid secretly and care
Chin Foo, successful beyond' his
dreams, took to the opium, and cut
down his act, so that Foon Luk did
nearly all the work. The principal
thing he did now was - to hold the
wooden ball suspended by a rope, and
swing It gentlv, while she threw- the
knives at It. Once, a careleaaly thrown
knife had struck him In the side, but as
such knives aa they were could not
penetrate cloth.' It fell to the sawdust,
snd he had scowled at her and called
her a "est"
One dsy the msnaawr said to him:
"Chin, that ball trick with the knives
don't taka aa welt aa It usd to. What's
the mattetrwlth you standing up against
a board, and letting her throw them
Next week the Chinese Child Wonder
wss throwing knives aronnd Chin Foo'a
head and body, and coming so clone to
htm that ho could feel the wind they
raised. He told her shs threw them too
hard, and because she did not answer
him he struck her. She cried out In
pain, and a woman rider who heard her
told Chin Foo If he .did not keep hla
hands off the child she would get a
couple of canvas men to give ,hlm a
The circus atruck a new town on
Sunday, and Chin Foo, more than ever
a slave to opium, spent the dsy with
his beloved pipe. He kent at It Mon
day, and when he dressed to appear In
the knife-throwing set his eyes were,
half closed, and he was drowsy with the
drug. He leaned with his back against
the board, and the applause which
greeted Foon Luk seemed to come a
great diets nee. He shut his eyes, be
cause the bright lights made his head
"Thud!" That wss the flrst knife
He felt It go by hla ear. "Thud! thud!
thud!" they came and sank deen in the
hoard. . Ths audience applauded wildly.
There were four more knlvea. The
next one atruck under his arm pit
"That's" a great throw," yelled a man
tn a sest on the edge of the ring. Be
fore he had finished, another knife was
hurling through the sir. Those who
were looking saw It strike the blouss of
the Chinaman on the loft aide; they saw
his arms reach up spasmotlcally. Then
he sank down In the sawdust. ' Like one
dssed. the girl stood with two kntvss
still In her hand, while the circus men
rushed over to the wounded man. As
they carried him out of the ring on a
litter she fainted. When she rame to
the barebark rider was fanning her, and
women were standing around. "
"Chin Foo hurt?" ahe managed to ask.
"Tes," said one of. the women, "he's
hurt very bad."
"Chin Foo dead?" she asked again.
. "Tea," she was answered.
Then she closed her' eyes peacefully
nd 'fell asleep.
The rural coroner and hla Jury de
cided finally that It was an accidental
death. The knife which killed the
Chinaman waa the same aa ths rest snd
there wss nothing to show any murder
ous Intent on ths part of the child, who
In the trunk of the bareback rider
waa a knife, the edges of which were
tike rasors. Long after, when Foon
Luk had gone, the rider showed it,
blood-stained as It was, to Mile. Mlra
bella. the trapese artist
"That's what killed the Chinaman.".
shs said. "It would go through boiler
Iron that knife would. I helped to
carry him from- the ring, and I saw It
and swapped It for one of the other a
I didn't want to see the little girl convicted."
sweetheart "The maiden waa as goo-l
and' pure of heart ss she wss Ideal lit
form and feature, but her extreme pov
erty was a barrier to the marriage that
both longed for. The story gos that
aa the maiden ast weeping In her room
one night, a aaint allently approached,
and without a word began teaching her
the art of making lace, ' All through the
night the novice bent over her bobbins
and her thread, and when the morning
came she was perfect mistress of this
most delicate of arts. At the first tour It
of dawn the aaint . disappeared . as si
lently ss she had some, but her pupil,
from that time, continued to make the
rarest of laoea. from the sale of which
she realised a sum of money sufficient
to make her marriage possible. Her
gratitude -was so great that she went
among the poor people, , teaching them
the secret she had gotten front her noc-'
turnal visitor. Thus a race of expert
lace-makers was founded.
The saints are to be praised because
"randa" has: brought brssd to-', many
a hungry Cuban-.family. Needlework Is
and 'Tanda." from lta peculiar origin.
Is especially Impressed upon her. When,
the wsr wss Over, and the Americana
arrived In Cuba, some good women,
smong other charitable works, set about
-helping the gentlewomen who were re
duced to want. .' These are always tho
hardest to help, the Cuban especially,
as her pride revolts at so many things.
However,, hen lovely needlework caught
the eye and fancy of aevesal .American
ladles, who ' formed , a needlewoman's
guild, encoursged the manufacture of
me native jnre, ana sola vase quanii-.
ties of It In the states. - Its production
Is now a national Industry, there being
a woman'a exchange In Havana, wltli
branches In other cities, where samples
are kept In stock, and where articles
are anld and orders received. Machine
made lace Is now In universal ue. and.
although fortunes hsve been made from
Its manufacture, the Inventor of the
flrat machine died in an Engliah work
house, little realising what hla genius
wmilrt frirln tn nthur nr,tlnn, .
, The fair needleworker, bending over
her dainty task, la a familiar Sight to
the traveler In all Latin lands. While
women of all classes do the work, the
greater number who supply It through
tht exchangee are . ladles of ' gentle
birth. Many of the-exquisite articles
bought In ths 'United States are) the
work of hands that for generations were
unaccustomed to toil; hands of women
-with the best blood of old Spain In their
(By Mary "Logaa Toeker.)
(Copyright, .1004. by W. B- Ilea rat. Greet
Britain Bights Rearrved.)
THB frequent ' use of the- word
"strenuous" by the exponents of
athletic sports and exercises has
. made It a familiar term signify
ing an unnatural earnestness and the
extremea of athletic life. While athlet
ics and an outdoor life are beneficial to
the young when indulged In In modera
tion, when they become one's Whole oc
cupation and whole thought they are
most destructive to health and the nerv
ous System the overdevelopment and
nervous strain bring only Injurious re
sults. , -
Recently at a meeting of one of our
medical aocletlea a celebrated physician.
an authority on nervous troubles, read a
paper containing hla deductions as a
specialist, which showed the Injurious
results of the present fad for athletics.
and stating that he found In his prac
tice a nerve collapse waa generally the
result of such extremes as are Indulged
tn today by both men and women.
Men spend much of the time of their
collere life in the overdevelopment eit
muscles which must at once be useless
when entering on a business career gen
erally spent In an office where brains
are more In demand. Most frequently a
breakdown foliowa thla sudden change
In their mode of life.
With women It Is much ths sams.
Basketball teama , and golf champion
ships are not fitting them for their fu
ture as wives and mothers, and as a re
sult many of the cases for surgical ,
treatment In our hospitals today are the
young women of social position under
86 years of age. The-men and " Women
who require great physical development
and strength In thslr occupations acquire
it gradually and evenly In their dally la-
bors, and are kept In good physical con
dition by their, occupations and trades
which consume each day the extra
strength gathered. The disastrous ef
fects physically are. not the only ones
observed on the young men and women
of social position today the Influence
on their manners and morals la mors dis
The comradeship sports seems to In
spire Is not to be admired In the women.
and today we have a roughness, famil
iarity and freedom from restraint com
monly Indulged in by women In the high
est social circles which grate keenly
upon persona of refinement The "good
fellow" girl does not make the loving,
refined wife and patient mother most
men wish as their companion for life.
Wa rat f h rhinriln.i n (hi mnt
fields, polo teams, football and auto
racea more frequently in the proceed
ings of the divorce courts than In any
other parts of the press.. This constant'
activity Indulged In by the "strenuous"
given- them a nervous, restless mnnner
and Increases their love, of novelty and
excitement destroying their love of
home and more peaceful and refined oc
cupations and amusements. The phys
ical excitement affects the mental pow
ers, and while there mar' rfften be a
mental alertness It Is not guided by cool
judgment which more deliberation and
a lea's nervous mode of life develops snd
wrlch Is usually pursued by the think
ers of the day men and women whoae
mental powera are felt by their associ
ates in the world.
The habits of youth are often found
serious detriment to success In llfs.
and the young man who mut live on
excitement will find hut few avenues
open to film, snd the "Napoleons" who
were to make their miinvns in wneat.
cotton and other "corners" are the re
sult In society pleasure comes from
the compsnlonshlp of Bright Intellectunl
people men and women of kindred
tastes, all by birth and education per
sons ef refinement, but since the "stren- ,
uous" life has become fashionable, so
ciety "has been turned Into a sort r,f
masked ball where eai:h one axalimes tlis
characters of ladles and gentlemen, but,
find It difficult to live up to the purt
"There's a curious thing about
umbrella. I bought It"
. "Tes that Is curious."
' ' ,