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SATURDAY, ; JULY 80. 1804.
THE, O RE dO N DA I L.Y
v: ". ' AN
4.. ft. JACKSON ,
PttblUhd vry renin, (nc.pt Sunday) LxOt. rh
OFFICIAL, . PAPGR OP THB CITY OP
' OPENING THE DEMOCRATIC CAMPAIGN.
Hs HE Democratic national campaign In Oregon wm
I v opened last evening In ftrst-clas style. The
speaker of the evening waa Franklin K. Lane,
for' whom the people of Portland have a great fondness
and who since hie residence In California haa made, him
self a,', political fhrure of the flret magnitude. Governor
' Chamberlain made the Introductory addres In par
ticularly pleasing ve.ii.Th predominant , note In both
speeches wae that of optimum, not merely as the expres
sion of the speaker ; own Individual conviction, but
baaed upon what they saw and heard at the convention
'and have gubsequently discovered m the various ctlon
of the country they have visited. ;a
Not alone froni these' speeches but from Intimate In
formation that hai begun to flow In from the aaet it la
apparent that the Democrats Have done wisely la choosing
Judge Parker a their presidential nominee. He la par
ticularly strong in, those, sections of the country whose
electoral vote la essential to his success and without which
a Democratic candidate would be defeated ' before the
campaign opened. Conditions produced Parker. , Geo
graphically he entirely fills the bill and In this respect to
strongly supplemented by the candidate for vice-president
whose nomination undoubtedly assures two uncertain
! states to the Democrats, Many of the reason which will
operate In his favor In, New Tork will strongly affect the
result In neighboring states, leaving tha crucial battle for
I the middle west In the matter of character nndbtllty
'the- candidate leaves 'nothing to be desired. It waa real
ised that conditions had settled the dominant issue of the
jpaat two campaigns and that It hdped to achieve suo
!cess It must strike out on lines that met the situation aa
'it now confronts us.' While it may be true that In the
iwest many. Democrats ar looking with some anxiety to
'Judge Parker's letter of acceptance,.
.ki. u.n ( ,. aaaanttal In the
jnow on. It Is believed, however, that this letter will leave
.'the candidate stronger than ha ever. was even In the
western sections and as the conditions scarcely could be
Improved In the east and south If he meets the emergency
a he- is confidently expected to meet It he wUl have
back of him a thoroughly reunited, party to face the
exigencies of the campaign with tha probability of being
able to wrest a hard, won victory In the' face of what a
month ago was conceded to be Insuperable obstacle.
DISAPPEARANCE OF GREAT SALT LAKE..
DIMINUTION of the waters of the? Great Bait lake
has recently caused noticeable comment, though
it has Jong been the belief of scientist who have
considered the matter that this lake would eventually dis
appear from the map. But It I now thought by some
whose judgment la supposed to be trustworthy that Its
disappearance will occur even much sooner than was x
; pected. poeslbly within a Quarter of a century. ,
In a recent article In the Bclentlf lo American, an account
la given of the Investigation which led to this conclusion,
and the calculations made are herein briefly summarised:
. .For thirty years the- level of the lake haa been steadily
lowering, with only one brief period of rising tendency.
In the last It year the net fall haa been 11 H feet, and In
the last three year three feet. .The cublo content of the
lake now, aa compared with 1880, Indicate that the lake will
be dry within 40 years, at tha farthest, unless some un
expected reaction sets In. Indeed, If the decrease of the
water continues In the same ratio aa In the past 20 years,
the water will be gone In about JO years more.
, 'Three explanatory theories have been suggested: one,
evaporation; . a second, Irrigation; the third, a subter
ranean outlet. That the first I true tbp) 1s no doubt but
why mora evaporation In proportion to supply lately than
formerly T ; The second theory falls In here, and Is plaus
ible. Brlghara Young began Irrigation In the forties, but
It was not .111 after 1880 that It was practiced on a very
large scale; and the amount of liver,
source water used for Irrigation 1 constantly Increasing.
There ar- Indication on tha surrounding mountain sides
and on the inter-lake mountains, that the depth of the
water, now1 only about 40 feet, waa once over (00 feet.
Bo it 1 probable1 that the lake bad been disappearing long
before Its subsidence waa scientifically noticed. It has
always been supposed that tb lake had a 'Subterranean
outlet, hut this has never been definitely ascertained, and
If so, and If that outlet haa been somehow enlarged, or haa
acquired greater power to draw off the lake's water, there
Is a yet no proof of these theories. " " y . " ,' ,' ';
: At any rate, the people of that locality arc witnessing
an Interesting, though not, a very agreeable physical
transformation, operating mora rapidly than moat such
roui aura to
John Vandercook, In Chicago Journal.
When I was in Warsaw recently I had
a three-hour talk with one of the most
intelligent poles in that city,. With the
utmost ' frankness he discussed the
shortcomings of the Russian govern
ment and the possibilities of Poland
ever regaining her freedom. On the
whole, he waa pessimistic.
. Poland, be said, had had Its oppor
tunity, but by disagreement .among lta
leaders and the . refusal Of the aris
tocracy to give liberty to the Polish
serfs, it failed te withstand- Bussla.
The vaunted Polish - freedom -never In
cluded liberty to the peasants, and per
haps, for this reason, did not deserve
to succeed. Now, he said. Poland waa
the moat heavily polioed and the moat
heavily ' garrisoned province in Russia,
A constant garrison of ISO. 009 Rus
sians, 10 miles from Warsaw, of Itself,
waa aufflclent to choke any ordinary
But when thla conversation was held,
the Poles, like most of the ether peo
ple of the world exoept the Japanese,
were hypnotised by the bogey of Rus
sian omnipotence. Thla bogey la now
the moat exploded humbug of the 80th
century and the Poles have been among
the first to notice the change and to
hope to better by 'It. -.
Now. young conscripts of Polish na
tionality are being hurried to Siberian
garrison towns and Rueetaa recruits
from south and central Russia, Instead
of going to Harbin and Vladivostok, are
being sent into Poland and being dis
tributed among the garrison towns. A
big order of new-quick-firing guns oa
the French model IS also being sent by
the Russian general staff Into Poland.
The Russlana ara Informed of the true
conditions In Poland and are preparing
to meet them. t .
, Other Russian energies are directed
to making more bared ' many special
and arbitrary lews, which bear heavily
en tha Poles. ' Even the Polish national
dance Is made a treasonable offense,
polish . newspapers are subject to an
even stricter censorship than thoae la
One editor publishing -the raar's proc
lamation of war, omitted to Include
among hia titlea that of king of Poland.
' PUBLISHED BY JOURNAL PUBLISHING CO.
changes occur. The
"shows" of western
celve that Its dry
In a practical sense
camrjalan which Is
yonder. - How to
sible way ara necessary.
creek and lake
.The money, and
For this his paper waa ' suppressed.
Since then the, government censors
themselves have written nearly all the
political articles and those on Interna
tional subjects, snd ordered them to be
printed as the newspaper's own expres
sion of opinion. The censors have also
compelled the papera to open subscrip
tions for Russian war funda, and have
dragooned Pollah bankers and others
Into subscribing to them. . . ; -
Recently, in the German reichstagi
Baron Hammersteln made a apeech In
which he discussed with all seriousness
the reported organisation of a commit
tee of Polea In Chicago with the object
of 1 liberating their countrymen. It Is
now reported that thla and other com
mittees are. sending arms into Poland
over the Auatrian frontier. But . even
the most enthualaatlo .Pole knowa an
uprising would have no chance at pres
ent He realises that the war will have
to go much more badly for Russia, than
It haa yet gone, and that Polish prepa
rations must be In a much more, ad
vanced etate. The last Pollah revolu
tion in 1880 held out through one win-
ter, and waa finally crushed by aheer
numbers. Since then there have been
innumerable - conspiracies, but moat : of
them have been discovered and ohecked
by the police la their preliminary
stagea ' . . i
There are' ' approximately " T.000,000
Poles. Perhapa bf the 7.OOO.O00, 800,000
fighting men might be raised, but the
arming of - them - sufficiently - Is an al
most Insurmountable problem, and to
supply them with high-power artillery
Is practically out of the question, unleae
aome foreign power abould intervene.
Foreign Intervention Is highly Im
probable, In fact the kaiser la ao hos
tile to the Polish population In hia own
country that he might even go to Rus
sia's assistance to put down any at
tempt to revive the Polish kingdom.
The chance Is a desperate one, but the
Poles have taken dee Derate rhanoee be
fore, and have Set Europe ablase,. even
without being able . t achieve their
BnurUo Cora. ;
"Some of the"neceaaltlea of life ar
exorbitantly hlgh these daya.
"Tea; I wish they'd get high- enough
to Scare me, so I'd quit needing them."
JNO. P. CARROLL
3o B" J"
Great Salt lake
been one of the
difficult to con
and salty bed would
. AN AROUSED PUBLIC CONSCIENCE.
IT IS NOT o very long ago that a representative of
those who Were working for better government In
,thla city. wa told by the organ of th "ring" In thla
city, to "ahut up," and waa advised In language more
strenuous than polite, to 'nov on" and "keep a-movlng."
Bine then several things have happened. A badly dis
figured "ring" atlH does business at .the old stand; others
have "shut up," and others have "moved on." . .
i But the fight for decent government baa only begun. It
will spread from city to, city until the whole state responds
to Its quickening spirit In this city, nextyear' munic
ipal election will not go by default. Thpaawho have made
tha city and those who ar developing It will not permit
Its deatjnies to be controlled or, Its development retarded
by a combination Of politicians, and gamblers. Portland
Is not a mining camp. nor. a. back wood village. It 1 a
great and growing city. , It cltlien com from a tock
who know what Is right-end will stand for it. There may
be fewer gambler drawing rich return (from the money
filched from working people, but there wilL.be lea crime
and more happy homes. Next year the city's balance will
be struck and its record laid bare. No man, we venture
to predict, will be elected mayor who admits his inability
to enforce the law or who, to excuse It violation, con
fesses that the "graft" must be "public" in order to pre
vent it being "private." Platforms and promise will not
go at face value; It will be the man that will eount
It take time to rouse a city to action, but when
awakened the action la Irresistible. At no time Is th pro
fessional politician so weak aa when he 'faces an out
raged public." At no time are the. people so strong as
when they realize that their votes and power have been
and are being used to defraud them. Thla great and
beautiful city stand for something else than the grossest
materiality, and It will take more than the gamblers
monthly bribe of a few thousand dollar to purchase its
birthright and for It citlsens to turn over to them its
control and government. A city which even now, through
the munificence of its citlsens, is the great religious, in
dustrial, educational, art. and financial center of the north
west, will not hold Itself so cheaply as aome imagine;
and those who teach higher Ideals and strive for better
things' will be welcomed, not driven out. '
WORK OF THE DEVELOPMENT LEAGUE.
THE Development association, hundreds strong, will
meet In Portland next week. What for? . To devise
ways and means for building up or developing Ore
gon,' as the expressions are. HowT By getting more peo
ple, ' the right kind of people. These are of two classes
only capitalist with money lo Invest in mines, mills,
factories, and other developing industrial enterprises; and
men with -less means seeking new homes, who', will be
comeproducers and taxpayers. . . -'.'.
We want no gamblers, or dudes, or dawdlers, or idlers,
or crank. W hav already quite enough of preachers,
lawyers and doctors though no doubt some new-comers,
especially able and worthy, will do well In these profes
sions. But we want workers and investors, men who
with brawn and brain and capital will help make Oregon
a ten-times greater state than it is. .
This is the need. The field is ; here; '. the men are
get the r workers Into the field, the
laborer lflto tha rich and aa yet all but virgin vineyard,
Is the problem. ' , ' . r
' Long rhetorical apeeches tickle the ear for the mo
ment, but count for nothing in the end. What Is wanted
Is a practical solution of this problem. To this end money
will be necessary; nothing is done these days without
money. And .then men to use the money In the best pos
the men, the men and the money to
carry, on this work these will be the first practical con
siderations of this notable convention.
Then, of course, details a to the use of the money must
be considered, the main on being, stated broadly; how
best to acquaint eastern people with and interest them In
Oregon. This la the work to be done.
But while this is the chief general problem,1 It will be
well to .consider, aa no doubt will be doner, mooted local
enterprises, such as the building of local electrio railways.
We already hav in Oregon a good many men with much
money in the aggregate. .. This convention should have the
effect of arousing and enthusing them. , ' ,
Let everybody from this on pull for a far greater, more
populous, better developed, richer Oregon. ;
CAM or m cotottbt wnrs.
Over the scorching roofs of tin, '
Down through the blistered street.
The country wind sweeps gently In
To this throbbing desert of heat.
And It seems to eall through the toll and
Of the parched-up town: "Comal Cornel
"O follow me to the spring-fed rills '
Where dreamllghts dance all day,
To the aspen groves and tha mlaty hllla
And the fields all sweet with hay.
Away to the orchards of peer and
'TIs the woodland's call: "Cornel Cornel
Cornel" . .
Then on and on apeeda the country wind
Though the heart of the heat-rid town;
Through ahopa and mllla, 'mid the roar
and grind '
'Croaa roofs of blistered brown.
In thejiulet wards where the sick suc
cumb The mocking wind calls: "Comet Comet
. - v Cornel". 1 1 . v . - ; "
The heart-stck mother grieves more. her
' lOt, . ! : - . . '
The child cries out in pain;
The pallid face on the snow-white cot
Sighs for relief. In vain.
Oh, mocking, merolleaa, cruel to eomaj
Is the country wind with Its "Cornel
.Comet Coma!" . .. . , .'.. .
Victor A. ' Hermann In the New Tork
Times, .f . f .
roln of View.
From the Chicago News.
"And to think,'' said the young man,
with a large open-faced sigh, "my beat
friend eloped with the girl I was en
"All of which goes to show that he Is
still your best friend." rejoined , the
hard-hearted old bachelor.
From the Superior (Wis.) Telegram.
Tom So ' Mtaa. 'Tomer vref used you,
eh? "Did shs give you any reaaons for
doing aoT . '
Jack Tea, lnWed; two of them. '
Tom What ware they T '
Jack Uracil and another fallow. '
Cortelyou ia still Hlooklpg for Fair-
Parker 1s surely Jeff arsoniaa; he Is
rea-neadea. t . .
' 1 mmmmmm '
After all,- some men old In year ar
quite young yet . "
Cloae up the opium den toe. " That,
also, can be dona
Bryan's refusal to bolt worries' om
BomaUmea truats burst In consequence
of Internal friction. .....
Advloe to gambler out Of a Job:
Chang your oooupatlon.
Strikers who riot or commit aaaaulta
rightly lose pablle sympathy.- -
If unoomf ortable elsewhere, come to
Portland, the great summer reaort.
The cereal food makers are not wor
rying about the meatmakers' strike.
If Oregon wheat la contraband, we
want to be shown, like Hlssouriana. -
If1 President Roosevelt - has faults.
falae or affected modeaty Is not on of
Holy rollertem finds' its suitable
apotheosis In llurderer Norman Wil
liams. ; ; . "
It la feared that as an enbeer T. W.
Lawson will not quit slse up to Ida
TarbelL . " .
Neither Astoria, Baker City nor Salam
elalma to be the' biggest town In the
Folk will be eleoted, notwithstand
ing Gumshoe Bill Stone's lack of en
thusiasm. -The district aaaeaament policy Is a
good one. whether the law la constitu
tional or not. , --
The poor puhllo has ho lights that
either the etrlkers or the, employers are
bound to. respect ,
The country await with considerable
interest the remarka of the sage of
Esopua whan he accepts. .
Our good and great friend the Salem
Statesman la worrying overmuch theee
days about the Democratic party.
The only trouble with the St Louts
exposition Is that tha gate receipts do
not correspond in slse with the show. .
It Is a good thing, for a city, county.
state or nation to have officials who
keep their promises and do their duty.
Can a belligerent nation decide and
declare what la contraband, and all the
rest of the world have nothing to say? '
Is the Dlngley tariff alao a sacred
thing, eafabllahed for all time, and never
under any clroumatances to be touched T
The Finn who dynamited von Plehve
was criminally unwise, but he showed
In an emphatic way what Finn think of
Russia's rape of their oountry,
' A Sycamore. Clacks ma a oountv. hov.
It waa announced In tha newa columns a
day or two ago, died from lockjaw aa
me result of a wound Inflicted on July 4
by a toy platoL He la only one of
scores of such victims throughout the
country, and yet people are allowed to
manufacture and sell, and boys to buy.
wm muraerous tntngs. . ,
After reprinting In full The Journal's
recent editorial on "The. Awakening of
Salem," the Astorlan Imagines that it
contained a slur upon Astoria, which It
aays is "the undisputed second city of
Oregon, with fully 8,000 more people
than Salem and 4.000 more than Baker
City." The Journal never "slurs" any
Oregon city. It is Just as friendly to
one ss to another. As to their re
spective population, we shall know bet
ter next year. . . ..
n tawt Yotrnrs sraooxsnoaT.
The story -about how Charles Schwab,
the ex-president of the steel trust, took
82.000.000 In cash out of hia own pocket
and handed it to friends of his who had
been bitten by the Bag fn th affairs of
the united Shipbuilding company, recalls
a story that was told around about" a well
known ana wealthy family at the time
the shipbuilding company virtually went
up In- the air.'
The father of the family was hit hard
when the shipbuilding company began to
ran apart Ha bad gone into the thing
heavily, and when the aklds were pulled
from beneath the outfit bis fine fortune
waa all but cut In two. .
He waa, and la, ths father of four pretty
high-flying sons, to whom he mada ex
tremely liberal allowancea. One of the
aona was particularly extravagant He
waa always getting Into debt to tha tune
of thousands, and his father waa con
stantly coming to the front and squaring
the boy's accounts with the curbstonars
and eettlng-hlm going again..
When the rraah came In the affairs of
the United States Shipbuilding company,
the father of the boys summoned them
to him library for a little talk.
"Boys," he said . to them, "this ship
building thing haa put a right deep dent
In me. It will take me a long time to
recover from the blow. I don't want
to be hard on you youngsters, but you'll
have to cut down your expenses, and get
along on a considerably sliced allowance
until I see my way clear to return to the
allowance I am now making you.
"And you, particularly, aon," continued
tha father, addressing the boy with th
scute phase 'of tha money-blowing mania.
"Tou've got to take a few bottles of that
get-onto-yourself mixture, and give your
old dad a chance for his white marble.
I don't want you to take advantage of ma
any more. Tou have a pretty eaay time
of It, and there'a no reason In life why
you should spend nearly twice as much
money .as- yonr brothers. Tou spend
nearly three times as much every year
for your personal expenses as I do my
self, and I want you to know that I hav
to work and alave long hours every day
to provide you with this money and to
get you right again when you Impose on
my good nature. ow what am I going
to do If you keep oa with your extrava
"Too deep for me, dad," he replied.
after a pause. "The only thing that I
can suggest is that you work nights,
toot" ' . -
, The Zaad of Make Believe.
New Tork Sua
Within the land of Make Believe
I lived in day of old, "
And by Its wondrous alchemy
Turned all the dross to gold.
A wider land of Maka Believe
Now claims attention cloae; .
The grown-up children in It count .
The fairy gold aa dross.
July 80th. W went early In, the
morning 8 44 miles, and camped on the
south. In order to wait for the Ottoea.
The land here consists of a plain above
the high water level, the soil of which
Is fertile and covered with a grass
from, five to eight feet high. Inter
spersed with copses of large plums, and
a current like those of the United
States. - It also furnishes two species of
honeysuckle; one growing to a kind of
shrub, common .about Harrodsburg, Ky.,
the other ia not. so high; the flowers
grow . in clusters, are short and of a
light pink color; the leaves, too, are
dlatlnot not, perfoliate, and do not sur
round the stock, as do those of the com
mon honeysuckle of the United State.
Back of this plain is a woody ridge
about TO feet above it. at the end of
NEW SAYINGS OF JESUS
By Rev. Charles A.'' Eaton of Euclid
Avenue Baptist Church, Cleveland, O.
A recent writer, quoting the worda of
John Stuart Mill, that the world can
not be too often reminded that there
once lived a man named Socrates, adds
the remark that there once lived a man
named Jesus. The keen Interest mani
fested among all classes in any new dis
covery concerning th life and times of
Jesus of Nazareth Is striking evldehoe
of that hunger for goodness which is
ons of the, moat hopeful characteristic
of human nature,
Th Oxford univeralty press ha lately
publlahed a pamphlet entitled "New
Baying of Jeaua" Last year Profa
Hunt and Orenf ell. working for the
Egypt exploration fund, dlacovered
amidat ruins of the anolent Egypt city
of . Oxyrhynchus a papyrus fragment
containing an Introduction and parta of
Ave separate "sayings," .whloh are
ascribed to Jeaua The value of the
find is discounted by the mutilated con
dition of many of the phrases, which,
with their own suggested restorations
In parentheses are given as follows by
, -"These are Ithe (wonderful) words
which Jesus the living (Lord) spake to
and Thomas and he said unto (them),
Every one that hearkens to these words
shall never taste of death." --
"Jesus salth. let not him who seeks
cease until he finds, and when he
finds hs shall be astonished; astonished
he shall reach the kingdom, and having
reached the kingdom he shall rest" .
"Jesus salth. (Ts aakT Who are
those) that draw us (to the kingdom,
If) 'the kingdom Is In heavenT the
fowls of the air, and all .beasts that are
under the earth or upon the earth, and
the fishes of the sea, (these are they
which draw) you, and the . kingdom of
heaven Is within you; and whoever shall
know hlmaelf shall Snd It (Strive
therefore) to know yourselves, and ye
shall be aware that ye are the sons of
the (almighty) Father; (and?) ye shall
know that ye are In (the city of OodT),
and ye are (the cltyT)."
"Jesus salth. A man shall not hesi
tate to ask concerning thla place (In
the kingdom. - Te shall know) that many
that are first shall be last and the laat
first and - (thay shall hav eternal
"Jeaua salth. Everything that I not
before thy face and that which la hid
den from thee shall be revealed to thee.
For there Is nothing hidden which shall
not be made manlfeat, nor burled which
ahall not be raised."
"His disciples question him and say:
How shall We f aat and how shall be
(pray?) Jesus salth do not of truth
blessed be he w" '
In 188T Profa Hunt and Orenfen dis
covered fragment of tha "Word's of
THE PHILIPPINE PROBLEM
From Harper's Weekly. '.
It 1 not difficult for th present sec
retary of war to show that at the time
when our treaty of peace with Spain was
negotiated, there waa really nothing for
us to do but to take over the sovereignty
of ths Phillpplnea From a humanitari
an viewpoint that had come to be rec
ognised as no lees clearly our duty than
was th demand for th evacuation of
Nor will many fair1 minded person
deny that to have surrendered the Phil
ippine forthwith to th undlacipllned
and predatory leviea under Agulnaldo
would, in the interest of the Islanders
themselves, have been an act no leas
foolish and hurtful than would have
jeofail I 1J VUIItatUJViaiiwvuai ajuwasuvaasum.aa
of Cuba to tha nondescript and lawless
Aa 4V fuuHi aaan artannAnmant
bands under Gomes. s
It may make all the difference in the
world, however, not only to. the Fili
pinos themselves, but also to those
American citlsens who desire to main
tain Intact their old political Ideals,
whether or no we shall proclaim, dis
tinctly and Irrevocably, In the case of
the Philippines as in that or Cuba, our
determination to grant absolute Inde
pendence to the islanders, from the mo
ment that they' should appear reason
ably 'well qualified to exercise the fu no
tions ef self-government under the same
aegis of protection against foreign ag
gression that we have stretched over the
Pearl of the Antilles.
We need not say that such a declara
tion. In the one caae as in the other,
would be tidings of great Joy; that
henceforth dlatruat ' and rancor would
give place to confidence and gratitude;
and that all the encouragement and aid
with which we should try to speed the
Filipinos In the path of self-education
would be turned to sccount by -them
with the fervor born of a splendid hope,
and Inspired by an act of high benefl
cenoe that would set as we set Cuba,
an example to mankind.
Will It be eald that this is a counsel
of perfection, which it would overtax
weak human nature to follow A a
matter of faot the value of the Philip
pine, which, for th preaent at least 1
Indisputable, would, under any circum
stances be insignificant compared with
that which bad attached to Cuba In the
eyes of American statesmen for more
than half a eentury before that memor
able night of April 18-18. 1888. when
eongreaa, by a self-denying ordinance,
proclaimed our determination to liber
ate the latter Island, not for our own
benefit, but In the exclusive Interests of
the Cubans themselves.
"From that majeatlo precedent we are
bound by self-respeot and by our pas
sionate desire to uphold the nation's dig
nity and honor, never to recede or dero
gate. To those, however, who would
brush aside such considerations aa senti
mental, snd who Insist upon transfer
ring the discussion from moral to ma
terial grounds, may be -commended Mr.
01nys warning that in ths Interests of
which we formed our camp.- This ridge
separates the lower ' from the higher
prairie, or a good quality, witn graaa
of 10 or 18 inchea in height, and extend
ing back about a mile, to another lei"
vatlon of 80 or 80 feet, beyond whtch
la one continued plain. Near our camp
we enjoy, from the bluffs, a. most beauti
ful view of the river and the adjoining
oountry. At a distance, varying from
four to 10 mllea. and or a height be
tween TO and . 800 feet two parallel
rangea of high land afford a paaaage to
the Missouri, whloh enrtchea the low
grounda between them. In Us winding
course It nourishes the willow lands.
the scattered Cottonwood, elm, ayca
more, lynn and ash; and tb groves are
Interspersed with hickory, walnut, coffee
nut and oak.. ' . v
Jeaua," and In their opinion the dat of
both sets of. sayings is tb third cen
tury. . In the gospel of John it la said
that there ar many other thing which
Jeau did, th which, if thay should be
written every one, I suppose that even
the world itself could not contain the
books that should be written.. It seems
a reasonable ' supposition that outside
the canonical records, large numbers ef
supposed sayings of Jesus were cir
culated in the first three or four cen
turies of the Christian era. "...
A number of questions very naturally
are suggested by these discoveries. The
first one Is, do. they throw any light on
th teaching of Jesus T A fair answer
Is, no. They go to show, however, that
the writings-of Joha are not peculiar to
that author; but thai a almllar point
of view and (method of expreaalon ap
pear in many of these recovered say.
Inga This will add Best to the eonfllot
which has raged so long -over the
authenticity and genuineness or the
fourth gospel. If it can be shown that
these sayings, which ar so muoh like
ths Johanlne writings, had their origin
In- soma -member . or.- member of . the
apoatolle circle, it will follow that
John's report of the teachings of Jesus
Is not peculiar to hlmaelf, and there
fore must be referred to Jesus, rather
than to some apoetle or disciple of an
apostle who wtahed to produce a gospel
in accord with the philosophical ideas
of hi tlm.
Th editor of the collection In hi In
troduction claims St Thomas and per
haps another dlaclple as it source; so
that if this Is proven to be a fact Prof.
Hunt's suggestion is well founded, that
"the mystical and speculative element
in the early records of Christ's sayings,
which found its highest and moat widely
accepted expreaalon in St John' gospel,
may well have been much more general
and less peculiarly Johanlne than has
hitherto been taken for -granted."
These disooveries raise another ques
tion of prime interest - Upon . what
grounds was the selection of our pres
ent new testament books made? Or, to
put it another way. . why were thess
numerous other volumes of Christian
literature rejected, or, at best, classed
amfng apocryphal writings. While
etudents of theee critical questions and
historian of th age must furnish us
with th facta, the common - man may
not be far wrong when he asserts that
the present new testament books ar
worthy of their place a a bible becauae
their teaching ar in accord with th
changelea elements in human nature,
with the universal needs and experiences
of man, and with the htgheat conception
of a spiritual, personal and good God
that the world ha ever known. Whether
the choice of these books to form a
canon of ' scripture was .inspired need
not be discussed. ; ' ' j
American cltsen themselV the maa
of whom will always be poor, absorbed
In the daly struggle for existence, and
therefore relatively inapt fof self-defenseit
behooves .us to scan sharply
and anxiously th possible effect upon
ourselves of subscribing to the principle
which waa pronounced by th United
State supreme court In - the insular
eases, and by virtus of which we keep
the Philippines In their present position
the principle, namely, that the strong
have a moral right to rule the weak,
either In the name of "collective civilisa
tion" or under some othsr specious-plea
Is not asked ex-Secretary Olney, a
rule, which ia pronounced good for na
tion a. good alao for individuals and
may not tha lives and property of feebler
and Inferior citlsens within any given
community be rightfully appropriated
for the benefit , of the superior and
stronger T ' . '
It it be true that ia our constitution,
r in the ultra-constitutional, rights al
leged to be Inherent In every nation,
there exists any authority for the sac
rifice of American lives and American
treasure to purely philanthropic enter
prises any warrant for the conversion
of our government Into a missionary to
benighted Islands . In - the South seas
thousands of mile away any power to
tax . the tolling masses of this country
for the benefit of the motley brown peo
ple of the, tropics, between whom and
our taxpayer there 1 no community of
Interests or sympathy then, at all
events, let us embrace our new role
without eyes wide bpen, and recognise
that the political ldeale. which to our
fathers seemed august and precious, are
outworn, homely and unsutted to the su
perb expansion of an empire. :
OOltntBIA OOtTaTTT XB08T OMM.
From th St. Helens Mist.
Mr. James Muckle was In this city
laat Saturday on his ' way to Bunker
Hill to prospect for Iron ore. He will
get out and ship 10 tons of this ore to
Portland for smelting purposea A
small sample recently teeted gave very
satisfactory results, . showing 40 per
cent pure Iron. The smelter In which
this ore will be tested is a recent in
ventlon, and if the Columbia county ere
I as good as it ia believed to be, pig
iron can be placed on the market at a
very muoh lower -price than It is at
present The importance of this proj
ect, not only to Columbia county, but
to the whole state of Oregon, can not
be overestimated. . . ,
r "i '
reeling XI Way. -From
the Boston Transcript.
Maa In Striped Trousers Let me sea
your name' Ham, isn't it T
Man in Checked . Coat My nama la
Bacon. If you please.
Man In Striped Trousers O. yes: I
knew It' waa something that reminded
me of the end seat hog.
Amity is to hav a bank. . .-.
Long Creek-ha a Bible sohooL
' Oypsia ar numerous la Coburg. .
Th raln, though belated, waa vary,
welcome. n. a
The peach crop will be large In Wash- -
Ington oountyv i ., - ;
Borax deposits have bee found in'
Harney county, ... . ,.
Irrlgon want contribution to finish
Its new church. t
A Lancaster nian makes a business of
catching mudtartiea , ,
Forecaater Beals won at last,' after a
long, hard struggle. ...
Hubbard has been using oil on its
treats,, with igood results.
That hatchery run bf. salmon la anx
iously awaited down the river. .
: Some hopyard arqund North Yakima'
ar turning red and not filling. ,
Sheriff Connell of Waahlogton county
haa barveated 800 ton of hay.
There i no occasion for a keepVeool '
club In Oregon; the .hot spells are too.
A party of Chicago ' capitalist are
looking over Harney county with a view
to investing. ' - - ' ' ' ! .
Except for eold rslns, hop picking will '
begin about September 1, conalderably
earlier than usual.
The wheat crop In 'Wasco county is
the best ever raised there, some field
yielding 80 buahela an aore.
usrarair nae a new marine ana county
hospital, which will be In charge bf a
graduate of St Vincent' hoapltal.
Morrow county will be able to pay
her debt, buy a year" supplies and
hav money to lend after harvest.
A tils factory may be started soon '
in form urove. iay near mm is
aid to be the right kind for thla pur-,
pose. . i ;. t . x -
The town or locality or Oregon not
reoreeented at the- DeveloDment leaaue
meeting next week will be -behind the
time. .'-.''. .r .
" Hundred of th beat people of Ore
gon are coming to Portland next week
to attend the meeting of tha Develop
ment association. :
M. D. Clifford, who for many year ,
tiea tteen cimult 1uAr eif the ivtith
4ilolal Alatptrt Kn !, vaa Afmtm.A .
laat June for re-election, will remove
rrom canyon wry to tfaaer city. ,
The plate glasa panes In the' new,
front of a Pendleton store are 110x118
Inches in slse. and ara said to ba the
largest ever shipped east of the moun-
tains, halne1 carried on a aneclal flat.
car. , '..., -. . ..
TJp about Irrlgon grapevines, peach
trees, etc.. are growing lustily on land ,
that laat March waa a patch of sage-,
brush, sand desert, and big watermelons "
are ripening between the rows of tree .
: While riding along the trail, at Wolf
creek, Mra Weyer had a narrow escape.
Her horse lost Its footing and fell 160
feet down the embankment Mra
Weyer Jumped In time to aave herself
from going over th cliff.- Th horse
was killed. ' ' :
Tillamook Herald: Fishermen report
an extra good catch of salmon, but the
bay being full of sea kelp and refuse. It
Is very difficult to handle the nets. The
run of fish Is reported aa exceptionally
good but there Is no price for the fish,
and the only sale for the catch at this
time is to the local trade. It would pay.
outalde dealers well to get In and com
pete hero hla seaaon for the catch, aa
the outlook on the. Columbia ha been
anything but favorable.
Advice to the Lovelorn
rr sxATkioi VAnrax.
Dear Mis Fairfax: While on a viatt
I chanced to make th acquaintance of a
young girl who In a spirit of fun placed
my ring upon her finger, where, much
to my displeasure. It la today. Not un
til I left for home did I recollect the
rlnsr. . I corraaoondad with tha vouna -
woman, but never mentioned the ring.
Then I allowed some time to elapse be- '
fore I again wrota When I did write I
requested that she be kind enough to for
ward the ring, and enclosed postage for
the same, ' I received no answer, so I -wrote
again and referred to the ring, but .
at present writing have beard norhlng
about it j ARTIST.
Tou made a mistake in not asking her -to
give It back at once. - As you let
some time elapse before asking for it'
she took it for granted that you did not ''
care . very much. Some girls are like
that They borrow Jewelry, etc., and
mm tu uiins invr vmn rtcp iu long
as they want to. It shows great indeli
cacy on their, part' I don't know what
you can do except write a severe letter
saying you want the ring back at once, -After
this keep your rlnge safely on .
your own fingers until you meet th "
Dear' Mis Fairfax: X am a young
man IB veers Of tea Three mnntha .
ago I met a young lady four years my,
senior. . It was love at first sight- I ,
nrnnniM - to h.r and aha .Ai.nt1 ma
Her parents also .treated me very well. '
About a month ago my lady friend fell
Hi and she le still in bed. Two weeks
ago one Sunday when I called to see
her her parents told me that the doe-
tor's order was not to let anybody see
her. and in the. middle of the week I
received a letter from her father, who
wrote that he oid not - think his
daughter and myself were suited to
each other, and that I had better look
for somebody else. : I called on them
last Sunday again, hoping to see my
frlehd, but unfortunately aha was still
in bed. They treated me very coldlr'.
and did not glvs sny satisfactory rea
son for writing me the letter. She will
be out of bed probably In a month, and '
I am positive she has not any knowl
edge of her father letter. .
I ara greatly worried about what to"
do. I don't want to go to her houae
again after the way her parenta treated
me the laat time. I love her dearly aid
v u - .1.. i . ..in . - r
ii a v. you a wtmia go to the
father and demand the reaaon of the
change. - If he give no .satlaf action'
wait until ths girl is well and then sak
her. "Id Justice to you they should give
some reason. I think the alii win h
T - luMwuilll will
a patiently a you can, -