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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (July 20, 1904)
Page of 153 Joorsifll-
( PORTJLANPi OREOON."
' WEDNESDAY. JULY 20, 1904.
C. 8. JACKSON
Published very evening (except Sunday) and every Sunday morning . at The
r"; GET. TO THEjjROOT OF THE TROUBLE.
VNVER the bills at the- poor houss
m - qmu "a
. witn tne care pi me county puur. au miunytni.
""of"troubl has pervaded "the Institution tor many months
cast. Frequent complaints have been
' mates and charges and counter charges have been bandied
by the officials. There Is no good reason why this state
of affairs should hot be summarily,
""nurse who has been In charge of the hospital has resigned
- and another the third within a year has been Installed
i.m ft itnuMfnl whethtr this' will accbmDltah
, 1 ( MV. T .. . mmm -
anything more than temporary peace.
the county board has not reached the
'"The proper course for the board to pursue Is to make a
T rigid Investigation so as to fix definitely the responsibility
Of the' complaints made by the Inmates
talned and if they have any real grievances they should
be remedied at once.- V
-n In any public, 'charitable- mstltutlonr
of dissatisfaction among the Inmates
of them are old and querulous, and rules which are ab
soiutely- necessary for health and cleanliness are often en
Tftwiin wirn niTTipnirw. miit i t i nua
the county to see that they are comfortably clad, amply
provided with nutritious food and housed In . clean and
wholesome quarters. The sick' must have such care and
such additional comforts as their condition demand If
the present management of the poor house falls short of
these requirements It Is the obvious duty of the county
Am i- i j i . i . v.
wvbw in. i v-mh.. wnllu.
hMI tit the inmates' of th ' nnnf
strongest arguments for unusual care
those who are to have them In charge.
CLOSING" THE EXPOSITION
THOSE who have advocated the closing of the Lewis
, 'V and , Clark fair on Sundays may study with profit
: ine resuus or mat policy in ou XjOuis, wnere me
. public Is rigidly excluded from the exposition grounds on
the first day of each week. An Interesting discussion of
the subject appears in a recent Issue of the Outlook, and
while conditions in St. Louis are very different from those
In Portland, the experience of our sister
some valuable suggestions. The article is as follows:
If the doors of all the buildings in the exposition, except
those of art galleries, were closed -on Sunday, writes a
correspondent. It would take a combination of .Richmond
Tarlr Tfvde Pnrk and fit- -Tampa Park with h TCarlnnal
Gallery. Talt Gallery at Chelsea, and
- Gallery at- Wh Iterha pel all thrown lrv
beautiful and an art gallery as complete- as that in Forest
Park, where now everything Is closed and only the Jeffer
son guards are In possession. From all this beauty vis
Mors are now rigidly excluded, by the clause embodied In
the exposition appropriation by act of congress four years
ago. ' - .- - "
TBt Louis is a wide-open, cltyr-wide open on Sunday
after the German rather than the American fashion? No
whisky Is sold in the- saloons, or at any rate the -front
doors of the saloons, are all closed. But' the beer gardens
are all open, and in ' the neighborhood of the exposition
there are two immense beer gardens which combined can
entertain from thirty to forty thousand persons between
noon and midnight on Sunday, Right next to the largest
and most popular of these gardens there Is a race track.
with races on most Sundaya durlnsr Iha
and In the open country about the exposition grounds there
are scores of resorts and attractions which would not be
tolerated on the 'Pike." All the- baseball grounds on the
outer edge of the city are open on Sunday; so are all the
billiard rooms in every part of the city. In the city itself
three or four theatres have two performances a day, and
down at the levee there are dosens of excursion, boats in
waiting for' Sunday crowds which seek a cool river breese,
combined with opportunities for gambling with profes
sionals of the lowest and most dangerous type. On Sun
days all these places are In full blast; while the beautiful
grounds out at Forest Park are tightly closed to the pub-
no oy a nign tence.
"Even if the exposition buildings are to be closed, this
policy of excluding people from the terraces, the plazas,
The 014 Paradox That There Stay Be
Toe Kueh of a Oeod Thing.
From the Wall Street Journal.
' A leading railroad president recently
made the remark that the considered the
year ending June 80. 1904, a disastrous
year to railroads on account .of the gen
eral prosperity that prevailed through
the better pert of it He maintained
that if the railroads had to undergo two
or three years mors of such prosperity
-as has been seen -in the past 1twcnld
mean their complete bankruptcy.
Some times truths arc best stated
paradoxically, but this is pot so much
paradox as It 1s a striking statement of
actual fact. Prosperity and boom times
are disastrous very frequently to stable
Business. everisn prices ana rererien
unrest in the labor situation defeat all
advantage which could possibly come to
the railroads from an Increase In freight
and passemter rates. Rapidly changing
prtnes disturb the established notions of
value, and open asaln to the uncertainty
of dicker the schedules of values on
which the old Industrial order has been
built . Enlightened business men no
longer consider a railroad rate war a)
publlo benefit On the contrary, the un
certainty of railroad rate schedules Is
Justly considered a most disastrously
disturbing factor In all business, to be
avoided at all reasonable cost Whan
the germ of unrest is abrosd In the labor
situation, existing standards of fair
wages loss their force, and the whole
industrial system Is Involved In chaos
until there is established some new snd
gftnsrally recognised schedule of wages,
The adjustments from a low to a high
price and wage schedule sre not alto
gether unlike the chase of the "sooners"
for the publlo lands. There is scrim
mage and disorder all along the line and
general demoralisation. - -
The railroad president before referred
to laid eapeolalaiphas1s upon this de
tnornllsatloa of the sprl du corps of his
working . force, due to the violent
r ha sges In pries anf wage schedules,
lie pointed specifically fo ' Hie heavy
damage expense of the railroads, during
the past few years as an Indication of
the demoralisation, which existed. . The
road Itself by too great prosperity was
cluttered up with too much business. It
was under a strain st evecy point and
the morale of the force was undermined
at the ks me time by a general uneasi
ness which pressed Itself In the de
mand for more wages. '
It Is farela-ft fa the American spirit to
tlod fault with any Individual or Slsss
DA I LY
PUBLISHED BY JOURNAL PUBLISHING CO.
PAPER OP THB CITY OP
the lawns, and the
Streetcar traff to to
the vllto.rfrorn. a
which Is offered.
made by the ln
the agreement with
loyally,, In fact, that
ended. The trained
- ' '
To all appearances
root of the trouble.
the right .keeping
should be ascer
a certalrr amount
helpful places of
is Inevitable. Many
ful, degrading, and
vn Tnmmm rn rir
suffered at the hands of Its friends." - '
" derive a
rimiaa la An nt th
ject the prevention
In the selection of
primary .object .is
. -. .
this is accomplished
Ipurance, but . by
and It Is their duty
city should afford
oiner sources 01
cial success and it
guard for Ihe employes of its members.
the National Portrait
to make a setting as
grieved member of
it is probable,-
Judgment which should be found In all households."
wife. When one has
perfection of character may drive the beholder to drink.
striving for Its betterment One of the
greatest leaders of thought in this coun
try has long sgo described contentment
as a vice.- But at the same time It must
be well recognised that there are limits
snd restrictions to the struggle. Espe
cially is this true when it is so short a
Step from legitimate competitive pres
sure to the hysteria which In the past
year or two has been so marked a fac
tor in business. . We have been accus
tomed to speak much of the hysteria of
markets This is a grave defect which
cannot be avoided when values are
thrown Into one great market for a gen
eral rating, Where sentiment" must
so largely control the fluctuations of
prices. When It extends te every form
of railroad supply and pervades every
department of operations of so great an
industry as the railroads, it can bring'
about very bad results.
With the decline In the exorbitant
prices snd a healthier tone In the labor
situation, he Saw a brighter outlook Tor
railroad earnings than they had known
for many years past , ,
Diczzira at gi,ooo a tox-uks.
Ths costliest books ever printed are
now being published at Cambridge,
Mass., the typographical work-being
done by the University Press rfant and
the binding at the Boston bindery. In
the vicinity Of llarvard college. They
comprise the complete works of Charles
Klckans and will cost Il.OOw each There
are 130 -volumes to a set, making the
total cost to each subscriber $110,000.
Only 10 sets are to be Issued, however,
and all have already been sold, J.,Iier
pont Morgan and the Luke of Westmin
ster being among those to whose libra
ries these, expensive volumes will be
added.' "' . -
There la one feature of these costly
volumes which makes them of unnsual
Interest to all who have to do with ths
printing or- collecting of books. . Tbey
are being printed on real parchment,
such aa was used four centuries sgo.
The permanent qualities .of parchment
srs known snd appreciated everywhere,
but all efforts to do successful printing
on that material In recent years have
failed. Since the secret died with the
printers of 400 years sgo, all attempts
to successfully print a book on parch
ment hsvs proved failures until the pro
cess wss rediscovered st the University
Press snd a successful experiment made
In the case of these rare and costly vol
umes. A set of books of this character can
not be produced la a day, or a year for
that matter. Although only 1,800 val
smes in all are te be issued, slght years
J O U RNAL
J NO. P. CARROLL
Journal Building. Fifth and Yamhill
groves of Forest Park, and from" the art
with It no - saving of - Sunday hfbor,
the Sunday attractions is as heavy as
It Is. on week days. It Is even heavier, for St. Louis'
working-class population is at liberty on Sunday and like
distanqe, lt..$sdrawn..t.Q. any attraction
There 1 even-no saving of work for the
restaurant waiters, for visitors must' get their meals some
where, The exposition management la keeping loyally to
- congress, as to - Sunday closing so
"on BunUays a fence Is built about the
hotel within the grounds to keep the 8.,000 visitors and the
1,200 help from straying on to the boulevards and avenues
of the exposition. But it can soarcely be claimed that the
closing movement has been wholly successful as regards
of Sunday. , ' . . "
--"We suppose that It is now too late- to correct the error;
ltcpuld becorrectedwe judge, only by act of congress;
but that It is aa error from every point of view appears to
us almost self-evident, and the fact is worth noting now In
order that the country may be saved from similar errors
In the futdre. To shut up by law innocent educative, and
recreation on Sunday; and, leave doubt?
positively vicious ones in full opera
tlon. and to do this In the name of religion, Is to Inflict
another of those wounds from which' religion has so often
r MAKING WORKSHOPS SAFE. -
manufacturers and mill owners might
valuable suggestion from an organisation
In France, and which has for Its ob
of accidents among employes. ' The
to safeguard employers from damage
arising from personal Injuries to ' their worklngmen .and
sot merely by the ordinary plan of
systematic Inspections which are de
signed to prevent the occurrence of accidents. The society
was formed In. 1880 and has ceased to be an experiment
Its .members pay dues which are graduated according to
the number of men employed by each and the nature of
the" employment,- a higher rate' being charged "where, the
business IS unusually hazardous. Inspectors are sent
periodically to the mills and workshops of the members
to report alt defects In machinery orj
aaqger, -ana to see tnat SUcn defects are
are also offered by the society to en
courage the invention 'of devices which shall tend to
diminish the risk of accidents or which shall improve the
hygiene of the workshop. The society has proved a finan
has undoubtedly operated as a safe.
TACT IN THE HOWE.
couples who find that double' harness
does not always rqake easy going may not get
much satisfaction from the decision rendered In
a divorce case by a-circuit Judge of this county, who holds
In 'substance that mere Incompatibility of temper affords
no ground for divorce In Oregon, even though accompanied
degree of friction, : and that the ag
, the domestio partnership must do
toward the maintenance of peace in the
the exhibition of that excellent, but
virtue, Christian patience.
said the learned jurist, "that no caus
of complaint would have developed had the plaintiff shown
Theoretically, when connubial storms arise; a display of
resignation should act as oil upon the troubled waters, but
unfortunately, such is the contrariety of human nature. It
to make matters worse. When a hus
band is "real mad," It makes him still madder to see his
Wife assume the look of a St Cecilia, with upturned eyes
and the air of a Christian martyr. And it Is suite as Ir
ritating to his better half when the tables are turned and
her husband adopts an attitude- of saintly forbearance, well
calculated to arouse the Indignation of the most devoted
yielded to a petty outbreak of temper
It is highly exasperating to be reminded that the partner
of bis Joys Is superior to such .Weakness. A too patent
will be required to complete the work
upon them. '
Ths books will be bound in "the most
perfect levsnt, with exquisite colors in
laid In beautiful designs. Much of the
ornamentation will be done In solid gold.
The entire edition, is hand-illuramed by
expert American, French and Italian
artists, who have used the most entranc
ing colors in weaving dainty and fan
ciful designs upon the parchment pages.
The owner and manager of the bind
ery was brought up In a circle which
gave htm excellent preparation for his
Ufework. Norman II. White, who is
yet In his early 80s, wss prominent at
Harvard college as a fraternity man
and aa an amateur actor. He was grad
uated In the class of '95.- He has trav
eled extensively, and while In London
discovered at' the British museum the
little book which Henry VIII wore In his
watch charm; He had a sketch made of
It; and now shows It, together with
pictures of some 60 other famous books,
as a lantern 'slide.
nroam rArnxza-s tx&xobam.
From the Corvallls Times,
if Judge Psrker-s telegram to the Bt
Louis convention .doesn't put him in the
White House, 1t ought to. It gives him
a characterisation for honesty and can
dor that the words of his eulogists In
their nomlnetlng snd seconding speeches
were powerless to paint Hie country
men know -now from his own act that
he is no humbug, no strsddler, no moun
tebank, but a man of stern snd rugged
THB 0T 01 TOSAT.
The time Is past when poets starve
In garrets without hope.
They're making scads by writing ads
For breakfast foods and snap.
- Philadelphia Record.'
Ooaolnslve Proof. .
; From the Chicago Journals
Billionaire's Daughter Tou wrong
him, papa. - He does not love me for
my money. He scoffs st the world's
sordid eagerness for wealth.
Papa-iWhnt proof 'have you, child? "
Billionaire s Daughter Why, only last
night 'he. told me he didn't care if he
whs never able to mnke a penny In his
life If he only had ma
He Chanee for BdnoaUd Persona.
Oreece - Is overrun by well eduoated
men who do not know how to earn a
living. The country swarms with doc
tors who have no patients and lawyers
wno nave no oners,. While laborers to
till the soil are at a premium-
Small Change I
-Oyster Bay la a bigger town than Es-
pus, anyway) . . , 1
Now the spellbinders begin to' study
phrases and attitudes. -. . K-
Even If the hop crop is short there
will be plenty ox beer.
Who- was the original Parker man?
Don t- all speak at once.
Next year will be a good one in which
o take the stats census. v . , ,
At least nobody-ean- allude -te- Mr.
Pa vis as a boy candidate.
The great harvest of gold Is going on
merrily In the Inland Empire.
The person who doesn't get up early
these mornings misses something good.
Come to think of it the streets be
long to all the people, not to a few of
them. .. .. '
It is the good, old.
time.' The old . world
morning. ... . . : '
Is- new every
Albany . Democrat: . Chicago strikes
sre ss hard to settle as coffee In a Port
The 'Russians appear not to be of
quite so retiring a disposition as the
Japs thought they were.
-'The fat steers on the western ranges
sre kicking up their heels In enjoyment
of ths meatworkers' strike.
Chicago Chronicle: Our young friend
Charley Schwab is said to have handed
over .82,000,000 he let his friends In for
on one of his deals. If that is ths kind
of a man he Is, It la no wonder he was
not ' a success In . ths field of high
SOMS OBOST TOBXEaV,
Curious - Incident Which - Strengthen
: Superstitious Ideas.
T have had only one experience In
telepathy," said the man, "but that was
strong one. ' I ran away from home
when I was a boy of 8. My father was
cruel to me, but I loved my mother
dearly! f got on a Ship gt..the.Brooklyn
docks, bound for I didn't know where.
Eventually, after y much roaming, 1
landed at Bombay, where I became
printer's devil on a small paper.
T was taken 111 there of fever, o HI
that I thought I waa at the point, of
death. That night It waa very hot but
somehow I got out of bed and stood st
the lattice of the open window.
"That Was some seven yeara after I
had run away from home, but I had
never once forgotten . my mother. She
was my IdoL I prayed to her. In my
troubles I talked aloud to her, and she
mukt -have heard me;, for though- all the
rest had long before given me up for
dead, she wquld never believe It
well, as I stood tnere I said to her
that I was sorry I had left her and
caused her. so much unhapplnesa. That
now that I was about to die, I wanted
her to understand that I wanted her to
know, too, that I had always loved her.
'Just then it became a little light in
the east and there began to be a breese,
rooting the Intensity, .of the heat I
heard her voice at thetsame time saying
as plainly as I am talking to you now:
You will not die.'
Then It was ss If shs kissed me ss I
stood there.. 1 ' -
"I got well and went horns to her.
She told me the day and the hour that I
stood at the lattice In India talking to
her and her answer to me.'L
I believe in such thmgsi'-sa1d-the
psychic woman, "and also In the near
ness of the soul or spirit to earth and
loved ones immediately after death, par
ticularly In the case of those who die
suddenly. Not ' long sgo a friend, a
young man, came to see me. He waa the
wreck of hlnfself. His eyes were hol
low, his face haggard. .
" What in the world has chsnged you
sot I asked him.
This.' he answered. 'My best friend
died suddenly and he has' been haunting
me. J. see him -near me always, and I
wish he would rest in his grave and ault
haunting me.' . .. .
1 know all about that I knew a man
of such splendid ' physique that- you
would have thought to look at him, that
he would live ' forever. He -was taken
with appendicitis spd died In three
days. . 1
'.'He hsd beautiful auburn hair a
splendid mass of It ss thick ss could be.
He used to sit when living. In a certain
chair when he called on me, and the
sunshine coming in at the window; made
a. soft flame of his hslr. I used toi go to
the head of the stairs and watch him
corns up, his fine hair gleaming in the
dusk of the stairway. .
For weeks after he died, whenever I
entered the room I could see him in that
chair, with the sunlight on his ,halr.
Whenever I went out and looked down
the stairway, I"could se the shine of
his beautiful hair as he came up. Tou
may call It nervousness or the effect of
my constant thought of him.i but ss for
me, I believe the spirit of. him , wss
"One proof, to my mind, is this story
of an' old manor house that belonged to
n army officer who had rented It and
gone to Inifla. The house was In the
suburbs of London. The officer hsd lost
A girl whose father had rented the
manor house was stricken- with the
kodak fever. She took pictures of the
house, one room after another, until
she had taken them all. Then she took
the Alms to a London photographer to
be developed and printed. After a week
or so she called for them.
They are very -. good.' said the
photographer, "with the exception of one
that Is a little dim the one of the one-
rmed man who is sitting In ths library
by the table.' "
What one-armed manf aha asked
In amasement There wasn't a single
soul in any room' when I took ths pic
tures. Not a soul.' ' .
There wss a man In the library.'
reiterated the photographer, for here la
the picture of him,?
He brought out the picture of the
library, and tnere waa the one-armed
man sitting sadly there by the table.
pon investigation it was found that
the owner of the house, the one-armed
rmy officer, had died suddenly In India
on the day on which she hsd photo
grsphed his home.
"Was there snythlng more natural
than that his soul should come back on a
visit to his old home the moment it waa
freed from his bodyT . Or that my
friend's soul should come back and visit
Bow Be Oaessed It . t
From the Chicago Journal. -"Ah,"
murmured the old boarder, "I'm
glad to see you're giving us union but
ter." 1 there a union label on that but
terr' , ' ,
"No. but I can tell It In union there
July 18. The Oven Islands are small
and two la number; one near the south
snore, the other In the middle of the
river. 'Opposite to them is the prairie
called Ttrrlen'a Oven, from a . trader of
that name. At IK miles we reached
some high cliffs. of a yellow earth, on
the south, near which are two beautiful
runs of wster. rising In adjacent
prairies, one of them with a deer-lick
about. 800 ysjds from its mouth. In
this neighborhood we observed some
Iron ore In the bank. At thi miles
above the runs, a large portion of the
hills,' for nearly three-quarters of a
mile, has fallen Into " the river. We
eamped on the western extremity of aa
island, in tire middle of. the riverhav-4
mg made 10 miles. . Ths river falls a
little. The sand bars, which we passed
today are more numerous, and the roll
ing sands more frequent and dangerous
than any we have seen; these obstaclea
are Increasing as we approach the Platte
river, The Missouri here Is wider than
below, where the timber on the banks
resists the current: while here the
prairies which approach are more" easily
waanea and undermined. Ths hunters
have brought for the ths last few days
no quadruped but deer;, great quantities
of young geess are seen today. Ons of
the hunters brought calamus, which we
bad gathered opposite our camp, and a
large quantity of sweetflag. ,
July 80. There waa a heavy dew last
night snd this, morning was foggy snd
PANAMA PRESENT AND FUTURE
From a Staff Correspondent of the Rati-
- way Age.
. Tt seems a far cry from .cause to ef
fect that a revolution in a small Central
American . state should have ' any real
bearing upon a great transportation pro
ject Yet the permanent disbarment of
Colombia from all Panamanian affairs
is pregnant with ' significance and -has
eased a situation which was Intolerable;
has also brought peace to a community
from which it was banished nearly four
So long as Colombia had control -of
the Isthmus, It Is svldent in the "light
of present knowledge that nothing less
than constant watchfulness and anxiety
would have been the portion of what
ever outside nation might have built the
canal, and now by the; simple process
of a community's insistence - upon its
rights even the anomaly has disappeared
of a French company protected in Its op
eratlons-by - the - United States- govern
ment through a treaty Intended to se
cure the continuance of a railway's traf
fic. - But although the air Is now cleared
and the way is opened for a peaceful and
economical exploitation of the work, 400
years of a brutal and dlahonest scheme
of government have left scars snd living
sores which first must be healed. Pan
ama and Colon, the two termini of the
canal, as well as of the railway, are
destined to become great centers of pop.
illation, and unless the fearful mortal
ity which followed the operations of the
old French- company 1a to be repeated.
they must be "provided with f running
water, rit ror arinmng as wen aa wann
ing, and they must be both drained by
sewers and smoothly paved.- This is
work which requires long preliminary
Study of actual conditions, and ths lm;
provements themselves are so great as
to involve some delay In beginning the
precise object of all the preparations.
But It Is a delay which will have as an
ultimate result a much earlier comple.
tfon of the canal .than any .haphazard
method, - :" , "
The long Suspense which ensued upon
the practical abandonment of French
efforts has left some doubt In the na
tive mind as to whether there may not
be something spasmodic In the present
movement also; a very rational fear in a
people so bred to expect nothing perma
nent hut disorder In government affairs,
and so little scqualnted with our meth.
ods. - This feeling, however, is gradual
ly disappearing and must Inevitably
give place to the confidence which prac
tical operations will bring. But aa has
been, shown, practical operations must
await' every necessary precaution - to
guard against the dangers which sur
round all tropical work, and the time
which must elapse before the fulfill
ment of this purposs Is sure to entail
much disappointment, not only in the
local mind,' but In the United States ss
well, where many hopes srs directed to
ward this greatest of modern projects.
There are. to be sure, great opportuni
ties for profit to contraotors and manu
facturers, but let no one Imagine that
tbey will come so soon aa they are ex
pected or that to Secure them Will re
quire less effort than in the United
States. In the latter regard It should
be understood that much greater effort
will be needed than at home, and this
In a climate where 80 .degrees Fashen.
helt Is regarded as cool In a dark room
during -the cool -season. With this also
must be taken the fact that no hostelry
at all possible to a North American ex
ists between Panama and Colon, where
even in these comparatively large places
but ons really comfortable hotel can be
found, and others offer a choice princi
pally of evils. Here, by the way. Is sn
opportunity for some Yankee hotel man
or men who will set their faces sternly
toward cleanliness, moderate, prices, lib
eral bathing facilities and a 'special em
phasis on well-cooked native dishes
BATXWATS I BCZHT TWAJrCB.
Alex D. Noyes In July-September Forum.
Railway earnings, always an Index
to' the state, of- general trade, have
steadily decreased, and the decrease has
not been made good by the reduction In
expenses. - Shrinkage of 18,100,000 on
the Important lines during the opening
quarter of the year was accompanied by
818,000,000 increase In outlsy for op
eration, and, therefore, by 818,100.000 de
crease In the net; and April and May re
turns, so far as reported. Show the same
tendencies st work. Yet we have seen
no really formidable Increase In come
merclal features, no trouble whatever
with he banks and no slgft Of distress
among the ,ril7sys. Indeed, ths most
noteworthy oTh Incidents of ths period
has been the fact that although the In
ability of great corporations to sell new
stock or bonds st prices asked baa been
emphasized, and although a number of
such corporations have been compelled
to borrow on their short-time notes at
ratea ranging from I to T pet cent nev
ertheless the financial soundness of ths
companies has not been questioned, and
their outatandlng securities have held
their ground upon the msrkets.
This problem of ths Inability of great
companies to borrow on ithelr long-term
bonds st the old-time rsts of 4 pef cent
or 'thereabouts, at a time whea lenders J
cool. -Ws passed at about three miles'
distance a amall willow Island to the
north, and a creek on the south, about
15, yards wide, celled by' the French
L-Kan out Pleure. or the Weening Water,
which empties lust above a cliff of
1 Uiewn clay. Thence we make two and
a half miles to another Islam; three
miles further to a third, six miles be
yond which Is va fourth Island, at ths
head of which ws eamped on the south,
era shore; In all IS miles. The party
who walked en .the shore today found
the plains to ths south rich, but much
parched with ' frequent fires, and with
no timber, except the scattering trees
sbout ths sources of the runs, which are
nupieifl.ua, ..gndjClnfl. Qn theporth Is a
similar prairie country. The river con'
tlnuea to fay. - A large Yellow wolf was
tbls day killed. '
For a month past the party has been
troubled with bolls and . occasionally
with the dysentery. 'These, were large
tumors which broke out under the arms
on the legs and generally in-parts moat
exposed to action, which sometimes be
came too-painful to permit' the men to
work. After remaining some days, they
disappeared without any assistance, ex
cept a poultice of the bark of the elm,
or of Indian meal. This disorder, which
we ascribe to the muddlness of the
river water, has not affected the gen
eral' health of the party, which la quite
as good ss, if not better than, that of
the earns number of men in any other
situation. . .. - ,
Which sre suited to the climate and the
products ofthe land, instead of the 111.
conceived, dyspepsia-dealing - masses,
misnamed ''home cooking," which usual
ly follow ths North American Innkeeper
lias a piague. . - , . .
It is not' generally understood that
the original rights upon which this
work ' rests are vested In 'the Panama
railroad a New York state corporation,
built In the latter fifties and extending
southesstwardly from - Colon on the
Caribbean (Atlantic) to Panama on the
PaclHc, a distance, of 48 miles; oertalnly
the shortest, as well as the most Impor
tant" transcontinental railway in the
world. It will also be observed thst In
order to travel westward, one must go
In a southesstwardly direction. The
Panama railroad owns the sole right to
build any form of communication In
this psrt of Central America, including
highways and telegraph lines, ss well
aa railways and -canals, Henoe.-lt-was
necessary for the -old Panama Canal
company to buy ths railway before it
could secure a concession to build a
canal across the Isthmus, and because
of the purchase of the canal concession
by the United States, the railway also
belongs to our people. , . . - "
Again, owing ta the comprehensive
ness of the railway concession, there la
no highway on which any form of ve
hicle can be used outside. of Panama
and Colon, so the only means of com
munication, other than by train, ta on
ponyback - through Jungle, which Is In
describably matted to ne wno nas not
seen Iti and over tratla wnicn in steep
ness chsllenae the sstllty of a goat
The ponies ars' a dlmtnutlve "form of
our western "cayuse" and seldom grow
taller than 18 "hands;" I. e 63 inches,
pearly H tnch" shorten thaw a welL.
slsed American business horse. - To
reach any point not on the railway right
of way means; therefore, a Journey of
the slowest speed and the maximum of
effort and discomfort. Fortunately tT)
except to mahogany cutters and banana
growers, there is no reason for going
into the "bush" sines the almost undis
coverabla. population are highly content
with a lion cloth in tne matter oi ciotn
Ing, after the age of about ten years
(before which, nothing) and the Inner
needs are met by feral nature. So, since
there Is nothing to be sold, everything
swsy from the narrow strip ocoupled .by
ths Panama railroad lacks interest to
the business" Yankee. i,.
Ws here reach one of the great ques
tions connected with ths Panama canal:
What is to be the permanent effect on
the land and Its resources. - In ths past
nothing could be done because no prop
erty wss ears tn tne tnroes oi a con
stant revolutionary activity, wherein
both - sides - took when and - how
they pleased and could And. The land
is fertile bevond anything known In our
northern latitudes, yet it is ss hare of
results nearly as ths desert or uoou
While construction proceeds on . the
canal, there will be demand, but with
this construction, demand will cease un
less other markets sre developed In the
meantime and1 an energy, . foreign to
both race and climate. Is born to utilise
them. i '
There Is nothing to require a much
larger force to, maintain the canal after
Its completion, than now exists for the
railway and the slight efforts projected
toward ths canal work proper, bo witn
present conditions of - population re
stored at the end of the next dosen
years, the temporary local demands will
cease and the Isthmus Is in great dahger
of a relapse. ...
On the other band there will be peace
andatable government for the first time
In ths history of Panama, so with the
eyes of the world sttracted to her
fertility, beauty and practical value, a
means may be found to utilize them for
the benefit equally of her cltlsens and
those of. other lands. - '
wtlHngly advanced the money at a higher
rate on. one and two year obligations.
Is in some respects ths most notable
phenomenon of the time. Nothing akin
to it has been witnessed in this genera
tion, for the railway floating debt on
the eve of 1888 waa 'created when the
companies', credit was admittedly Im
paired, and when to hreet -their pressing
debts they had, to pledge with banks
their last assets which remains in their
almost exhausted treasuries. ' Today
these notes are Issued by companies In
the highest credit; they are in many
caaes eagerly sought for by Investors,
end on this basis upward of over 8169,
000,000 of such, paper is outstanding.
Not a few i thoughtful financiers and
critics hold that this strsngs phenome
non has a simple! explanation the fact
that the Interest rae In the broadest
sense has risen; that borrowing corpo
rations must hereafter pay a higher
price for money; that lenders and In
vestors recognise this fact, but that the
borrowers will not recognise It or at all
events will admit it only as a temporary
tendency which Is to pass away before
the short-time notes fall due. This hy
pothesis Is to be tested with the prog
ress of ths year; If true. It Involves
soms interesting corollaries, affecting
msny Interests and many markets. But
aa yet it Is nothing more than theory,
and cannot be said to have created act
ual alarm. " . . ,
. Two Linn county saw mills were
burned, last wsek.- - . ' - -
' 'in "Klamath eounty harvest' bands sre
paid 81 a day and board., , .
'lone, .the -Post fiercely asserts, has
no bank except a sandbank. - . .
. . k . . . . i
Oregon towns are organising local de
veloptnent leagues. They're the things, ,
' One cherry picked by a Lane county
man measured four Inches In circumfer
ence.'. - t - . .- .
The11 old town of Jacksonville la Im
proving by the building of many new
sidewalks. ., - ' ' :
Eight men are at work at The Dalles
foundry, most of them making hop
presses and hop stoves.. . ,i
Many farmers , are raising oats and
vetch, sewn together, . which makes a
fins feed for cattle and sheep.
Z. T. Llglln, Democratic candidate
for sheriff of Coos county, .will con-
tesi tne .election vj. nie opponent.
The Weston' city marshal,' while -
standing near a telephone, pole, was
struck by lightning but not . ' fatally '
hurt i.-.. ,.5 -., r ..- ,- :
William Bailey of Cloverdale, Benton ,
county, aged 78, recently - married. Mrs.
Barah . Edelmaer. aged 70. - They . met '
for ths first time only a few days be-'
fore the wedding.
Wasco News': Dr. Qoffln has got
water at last not so very deep either -
only 100 feet The drill went through
some hard rock that waa a corker, some
days only going dowel six or eight
Inches. It Is well demonstrated -that ,'
water can be. hsd all over the county at
I S moderate, depth. . ,.
Maury correspondence of Prlnevllle
Journal: -James Gilchrist Is not haying '
much this year. .We presume hs Is -
fishing .too. He is doing a, great deal
of It on Beaver- creek near the school
house. - Of course the school is near -the
creek and James knows the best
Ashing Is -near the school house. . .
Marshfleld News: -' It Is claimed by ..
those who thoroughly - understand the '
situation that the expenditure of 10,- -
euu in- areaging wouia give a so-root
depth of water In the channel, at low
tide, between Marshfleld and the bar. -Considering
the amount of shipping',
done oh the bay, this Is a very small
sum, and if the matter la properly pre-
sented to the . powers that be, there
should be no difficulty In securing the '
appropriation. , r, ,
Prlnevllle Review: Only bottoms of. .
canyons ever suffer from cloudbursts
lite solitary msnar to property n Ore
gon end Prlnevllle can shake hands
with Itself . that, no such dsngef wlll
ever threaten Its homes. Crooked river
valley at this point Is a mile wide and -
perfectly flat so that a stream aa large '
as ths Columbia would do very t little
damage If suddenly turned loose In It.
Narrow canyons - In eastern Oregon'
should always be avoided as townsttes..
Crook County Journal: Three' weeks .
the farmers prayed for a' little rain. '
They got It Then they prayed for a
little more rain, and they got that too. -Last
week some, few more drops then v
were necessary descended. ':. They
spoiled considerable bay. but made up
for the - loss by stimulating an abun
dant and verdant growth of range
grass. The cattlemen In Consequence, -cannot
be Justified In registering a very
heavy kick. Plenty of hay this year.
gopdrnge. ; , - r ,
On visiting a tract of land' for the
Brat time In several years, - H. R. Kin- ,
catd of Em gene found that timber and
brushhad grown up nearly, all Over ,
ths land,- In soms plsces trees large
enough if or telegraph poles, bridges or
wharf piling; or saw logs, growing oo -land
where ho plowed and raised wheat '
and garden vegetablea ' 80 'years sgo, '
Nearly all of the 880 acres Is covered
with a dense forest of nsw flr snd oak '
timber and brush thst has grown up .
since the donation claim waa settled on
by Thomas and Nancy Klncald In 1853.
There are thousands, perhaps tens of '
thousands, of cords of wood now grow
ing on the land.- r i- :
Ths Xaa leatenoed to Be Hanged Shows
'. go Ohaage ef Pemsaaor. .
D. ' Norman Williams, ths man sen.
tenced to be-hanged on the-I'd of this
month, seems to be perfectly Indifferent
to his fate, and sines a stay of proceed
ings has been decreed by the supreme
court, there Is no apparent change'-in
his actions. He refuses to be Inter,
viewed regarding the crime of whloh he
has been found guilty, and if he In.
dulges in sny conversation it la sbout
ordinary affairs, and earefully avoids
arly reference 'to the murder of the
Nesbltt women. He hss received a let
ter from the brother of Alma Nesbltt
begging him in the most pathetic man
ner to disclose what became of the bod
ies at the victims of his diabolical crime,
but this does not effect him In the least.
If he is hanged, and It ia very likely he
will be, the details of the terrible crime
will go down with him to the grave.
He has been visited by persons of re
ligious inclination, who havs prayed
with blra; but recently he expressed a
desire not to receive visits from preach
ers of any religious denomination. After
taking hla exercise In the corridor-he retires-
to his cell,, where he spends his
time reading religious books, and qne In
particular he has read through four
times. After perusing the contents he
told the Jailer that anybody who would
read that work and not be thoroughly
convinced ; of the . absoluts truth of
Christianity was , beyojad hope. . - Fre
quently he can be heard reading-the
Bible, and sometimes apparently pray
ing. He -has expressed the desire thst
his fate be definitely settled ss quickly
ss possmie, a no u ne were to be hangd
he didn't care how soon It might happen,
ss he wss becoming tired of the sus
i To look at ths man as hs paces
through ths corridor. Joining In conver
sation with the inmates'ot the jail, with
head erect and no tremor on bis coun
tenance, one can hardly realise, that hs
Is about to expatriate the most horri
ble crime the murder of his wife and
mother-in-law under the' most revolting
circumstances known in the history of
The sheriff would have commenced
the erection of the gallows this week If
stay or proceedings had not been
granted; but now hs will, wait to hear
the decision of the- higher court It la
hardly probable that a 'decision can ha
made by the 2 2d of this month, snd the
exeoutlon of the sentence mey be post
poned sevsral weeka From appearances
now, there will be no -confession on his
part of the crime of which he has been
found guilty, or of ths murders com
mitted near Muscatine, la., with which
he is charged, ,