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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (March 31, 1904)
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THURSDAY, MARCH 31, lpoi
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THE OREGON DAILY
C 8. JACKSON
Published every evening (except Sunday) and every Sunday morning at The
, street, Portland, Oregon,.
OFFICIAL, PAPER OF THE CITY OF
SOME INTERESTING POLITICAL MANEU
VERING. I FIT. IS an unwritten law that the congressman should
ga to eastern Oregon and if eastern Oregon should
strongly pronounce In favor of a, candidate other than
the one to 'whom the 71 Multnomah county votes are
Fledged what will the Multnomah delegates do about it?
Will they follow the instruction of the convention and vote
for Williamson, 'thus literally carrying out their instruc
tions, or will they teel that those instructions have been
modified If not actually revoked by the action of the voters
of eastern Oregon who have so decidely manifested their
preferences for Moody? These are the most interesting
local political tjueBtlona which are now before the public.
While th Instructed delegation from .this county has
exercised . very great deal of influence. In strengthening
the candidacy of Mr. Williamson it has fallen short of be
ing decisive. The Moody men have made an active and
aggressive campaign. : They have made It manifest they
are on earth and apparently that they cannot be ignored.
They have developed strength and, won unexpected vic
tories, s But the crucial test comes next Saturday at the
primaries which will be held to eight of the'tnost import
ant counties of the district Suppose that as a result of
those primaries, ) coupled with the votes which Moody
has already secured in counties In which primaries have
already been held, that, he should secure , from' eastern
pregon alone more than enough votes to offset-, those
pledged to Williamson In Multnomah county,! would party
lollcy be best served by Multnomah deciding the congres
sional nomination against the recorded decision of the
Counties to which the nomination has hitherto been con
ceded or by Multnomah county arbitrarily throwing the
weight of It Influence in the other balance T .
The result of Saturday's primaries will be looked for
ward to with unusual Interest and it Is barely possible that
it may Involve some questions of delicate political Judg
ment which may have a great deal of lnfluenoe on this
and succeeding campaigns. - . .
: COOLIES FOR SOUTH AFRICA.
ENGLAND has been considered for centuries as the
'strong and consistent foe of slavery, but a late act
of the British government, will tend to alter the
world's opinion of England in this regard. It has been
decided by the government, parliament approving, to take
a great number of Chinese coolies to South Africa to work
In the mlnesj where they will be practically serfs.' One
account states that when not at work they will be kept
under .guard, much the . same as convicts. England feels
keenly the necessity of recouping from the Transvaal
mines a portion at least 6f the cost of the Boer war, and to
do this requires cheap lab6r. The temptation is great,
but In yielding to It England has taken a long descend
ing step rom its proud position for centuries as the de
fender of liberty hi general, and of British yeomen in par
ticular, '-, '
This decision to import a great number of cheaply
working coolies to South Africa ia especially to be con
demned Just now, when the British worklngmen of all
kinds are In exceedingly straitened circumstances. The
United States consul at Sheffield, in a late report, says
that the depressed feeling of last year 'still exists, and Is
"Intense." Were It not for the help furnished by the va
rious distress funds, hundreds would be' at the point of
starvation. Manufacturers are without orders and are
unable to assist Owing to falling oft In employment re
tall dealers doing a working class trade report heavily
Turning to the agricultural tndutry the outlook Is
equally , dark. Another United States consul reports that
the past year has been "one of difficulty, Interruption, and
consequent lateness from start to finish. It was the most
disappointing, perplexing, and disastrous agricultural sea
son since 1279. The wettest year on record will thus
leave few pleasant memories for either the arable or the
pastoral farmer." -
The harvest -of 1903 was less than that of 1902 by 12,800,
361 bushels of grain and pulse, 6,682,122 tons' (of 2,240
pounds) of potatoes and roots, and 816,261 tons of hay.
But these figures show nothing of the' quantity of wheat
o damaged as to be unmarketable, of the inferior char
acter of much of the hay, or of the enormous quantities of
potatoes that rotted with disease. The total growths are
short Of, 1901 and most of them Inferior In quality. There
has also been a large diminution in the arable land area,
amounting to 232,136 acres. Meanwhile, necessarily, there
has been an enormous Increase In the Imports of bread
stuffs, amounting to about 130,000,000,' Land values are
WHAT A OAXBUIS ALWAYS- BATS.
k, From the Boston Herald.
Blx weeks ago Daniel J. Bully came
to Boston and spent an afternoon in the
office of Thomas W, Lawson. Flushed
with the success of his first six months
In the ring, Sully declared that after
one more good play he would retire and
live on his profits.
"How de you know but that they will
get you 'on that one more play?" Law
son Is said to have asked. -
'They can't" Bully replied confidently.
There have been all sorts of newspaper
stories about the amount of money I
have made, but I don't mind telling you,
Mr. Lawson, that, I have made Just
M.000,000. I've got it In clean, cold cash,
and one more play which I have outlined
will net me 11,000,000 more.
"It will take a few days to make the
play, but It can be done, and I am the
man to do it There are only 60,000 bales
to go on the market, and I am the only
man who knows where they era They
will net me another fortune if I can put
them on the market when I please."
"That e all right" Mr. Lawson retorted,
"but while you are planning to put the
60,000 bales on the market 10,000 men are
now lying, awake to figure out some
scheme whereby they can' be taken away
from, you, Get out now and you will be
safe; if you stay you will surely lose."
WXZS TUB WOW GOES OFF.
- From the Baker City Democrat,
v It Is not drawing upon the Imagina
tion to direct the attention of the people
of Portland to the fact that from all re
ports received from the Interior moun
tain districts, there. Is more . snow than
has been known In many years. ; AH
over the Blue Mountain range it Is In
depth from two' to JO feet
At the head' of Cracker creek the Snow
la 14 feet deep. At Greenhorn City "un
occupied buildings are almost covered up
nd in one or two Instances only a part
of the transoms over the doors can be
In the Eagle creek country the Granite
mountains, whose streams flow Into
Snake river are covered with an upre
codented depth and the mountains across
Pnuke river will contribute their part to
the spring. Treahet I
As -winter still continues to ljnger in
the l f of spring there Is fear that a
PUBLISHED BY JOURNAL PUBLISHING CO.
decreasing, In many'cases farms being sold for no more
than the cost of the buildings.
Under such conditions It looks to an American aa it
England should have taken tens of thousands of Its Idle or
pinched and despairing worklngmen to South Africa to
work the mines, rather .than coolie serfs. It was the
Tommy Atkinses, and the Irish and Canadian, who after
three years mostly filled with blunders on the part of Brit
ish Btatemen and generals, finally conquered the Boers and
won the mines, the bone of contention. But now the
Tommies may starve. It U they who have to "pay, pay,
pay," but they will get very .little of the Transvaal gold.
WAGES DOWN; RENTS UP.
WHAT MEANS this general reduction of wages,
and especially In the great iron and steel in
dustry t It would not be so noticeable and sig
nificant if It were not accompanied by a general advance
In rents, and In other items that make up the cost of liv
ing. A dispatch published in The Journal Monday tells of
sweeping reductions in man? places, but particularly in
the Pittsburg district, and that at the same time in that
district rents are being marked up, notwithstanding; sev
eral previous advances. The dispatch goes on to say that
"the workmen are being ground between the wage reduc
tions of the steel trust and Us competitors on one hand and
higher cost of living due to the exactions of the beef and
other trusts controlling the necessaries of life and the
capitalists controlling the ground on the other hand. In
many cases the advances in rent amount to over 25 per
ctnt from the high prices of Me P tw0 years. In no
instance is the rent reduced." t
"The trust's policy of concentration," it is further stated,
"is a two-edged sword. The trust abandons a plant' in
some prosperous county town, which is thereby beggared."
The men must follow to the central place, to be charged ex
tortionate prices "not only for houses but for all neces
saries. "Pennsylvania,' Ohio and Indiana are full of little
towns which before the great trust era, beginning In its
strength In . 1899 and
of moderate -sized mills which the storekeepers and farm
ers nearby had encouraged to locate. The men were well
paid and the1 whole towrx was prosperous." ,
, The number of men employed in the steel Industry, from
coke works to finishing mills, is about 350,000, and the ag
gregate reduction of their wages since last year is about
$60,000,000, between ,20 and 25 per cent. Tet the cost of
living is ho less; rather, more. ti'
But the steel trust, with water to the extent, of about
three quarters of a billion dollars, is one of the good ones;
the administration will not "run amuck" In its direction.
Not only will the workmen pay the campaign contribu
tion,' but in doing so they will be edged further into the
slough of poverty, and encircled with another strand of
the rope Intended to bind them to serfdom.
THE Seattle Post-Intelligencer says: "At Seattle the
Harrlman system will be on one of the finest har
. bors to be found in the world, which can be
reached from the ocean without pilotage or other charges;
1.200 miles nearer
where coal can be obtained for fuel for ocean steamships
at one half the- price which rt brings at San Francisco
or, Portland. There is no bar to cross, no tortuous river
to navigate, no delays In entering or in getting to sea."
all the advantages
Tacoma, and the Union Pacific will save a haul of 41
miles by utilizing this port The same reasons which de
termined the Northern Pacific to concentrate its oriental
traffic at Tacoma In preference to Seattle will control the
Union Pacific. The Union Pacific will have the additional
motive of a shorter haul to Tacoma."
Correct again, but why should the Union Pacific prolong
its haul from Portland to Tacoma, any more than from
Tacoma to Seattle, the latter a much shorter distance than
the former? True, that Columbia river bar is an impedi
ment, but after the big game of politics is played this
year, we may expect mora continuous and effective work
The fact that Mr. Harrlman has prepared to increase his
Portland-Oriental steamship service, making it greater
than that enjoyed by either Tacoma or Seattle, indicates
that he expects reasonably speedy Improvement of the bar
channel and that In the meantime he Is properly aware, of
the advantages which Portland offers over either or both
of its rivals.
sudden coming of warm weather will
ereate dire havoo not only where the big
rivers, the Columbia and Willamette
meet but in all the Interior basin. '
Here In Baker City there la some
uneasiness felt, but the fear of any
great damage occUrlng Is hardly thought
probable, since history does not record
any serious overflow of Powder river.
is Tsa tavum Tmxnrr ooox"t
From the Portland, Me., Argus.
If Attorney-General Knox is looking
round, as Jie ought to be, for more com
binations lnb restraint of trade to attack,
the New Tork World suggests that he
start out witn the paper trust and the
beef trust The paper trust furnishes
an ideal trust for destruction. - It has
mills In Ave states and forests In an
other, and In conjunction with the Gent
eral Paper company of Chicago it con
trols almost .the entire industry of the
Union. This oontrol means a grinding
monopoly that has created an artificial
famine and "driven rates up beyond the
level of extortion to that of - simple
piracy." Clearly ths paper trust is a
proper subject for the immediate at
tention of Attorney-General Knox.
Under the law he is not only authorised
but required to institute proceedings
against it Will the Attorney-General
obey the plain mandate of the law, and
If not why notT
A Safe Set
From the New Tork World.
Five thousand dollars to 11,000 that
Roosevelt will not be renominated for
president this year. Any takers?
Burr Mcintosh says he has a man
willing to give these odds. ' He asked
a World man yesterday to look out for
somebody to take the bet ,'
"Five to oneT" asked the reporter
"What does your man know?"
"He knows," said Mcintosh solemnly;
'that Mr. Roosevelt never was 'nomi
nated for president before." ,
every Trust at Its Merer.
Frojw the Boston Post
-The law as' It has been declared by
the highest authority in the land, and
aa It must stand without appeal, places
every trust and combine et the mercy
or me autnonty emerged with the en
forcement of law. ...Will Jt be enforced
strictly, Impartially, thoroughly! ' -,
JNO. P. CARROLL
Journal Building, , Fifth 'and Yamhill
culminating In the United States
were prosperous through the operation
- PACIFIC FREIGHTS.:
the orient than San Francisco, and
To this the Tacoma Ledger responds: "Well put; but
the P.-I. recounts are to be found at
THB WOKAir ACKOSa TMM III
Robert V. Carr In' Chicago Record
Herald. Oh, her lips were red and her skin was
This woman across the sea;
And her hair a glistening sable crown,
' This woman across lh sea-
And she loved a man, aye, she loved a
As only a true Mestisa can.
But the frown of fate was on her plan,
This woman across the sea.
Oh, the days were long and he called
This woman across ths sea:
And she loved the dust at his very feet,
xnis woman across tne sea:
For his skin was fair and his eyes were
And he laughed in his careless soldiery
And told her tales as soldiers may, .
This woman across the sea
No priest came there to bless her love,
tmb woman across the sea;
Bhe thought him true as the stars above,
inn woman across the sea: '
But he went away and she waited long.
And crooned to his child a mother song.
And worked and toiled and thought no
Tb'r woman across the sea.
Oh, the man she loved forgot her name,
This woman across the sea;
Forgot her face, forgot her shame,
Th 1 wnman ,.pam tK. .... ?
For he mated with one of his fair-faced
He's bound to her with ties that bind-
so ne- iaugns at tne one be left behind,
This woman aorosa the sea.
Consoling bat aTot rrofltsbla. . ',
From the Chicago News.
Proprietors of the Northern Securities
company take great comfort in the fact
that four members of the Supreme court
were on their elds. However, they will
not be able to draw dividends on this
consolation. . . , ,
' The fee Went Away,
Mr. Nocoyne-Ah! Miss Millions,
promise that you will marry me. ,
..Mis. Millions I admire your
Mr. Noooyne (quickly) Love?
Miss Millions NO; your nrve,-, ',
Oregon smiles; the sun has shone a
More ' coal has been . 'discovered In
southern Gilliam county. '
A Pendleton man has bought 20,000
pounds or 'wool at 9H cents.
. The sun will do a rushing business
witn those pregon snowbanks soon.
Coqullle City ' lias 420 children of
school age, and must enlarge its school
house. ' 1 ' ; , .
"Our t genial and efficient" is now
much in evidence. He desires a re
The siren song of the captivating can
didate Is-' now heard throughout the
length and breadth of Oregon.
Oregon hops are hopping up to an un
precedented elevation in price, and Iesa
beer may go down In consequence.
Chlttlm bark, which brings 10 cents' a
pound or more, Is becoming scarce in
Oregon, but enough la left yetJto form
me Dasis or a consiaerame industry.
8 now is remaining on the Oregon
iooinius later man ever oerore. wnicn
means late grass and grain crops; but
next rati win proDamy even tmngs up
V People of several Oregon towns are
already planning Fourth of July cele
brations, perhaps in hope that this will
make them oblivious to the presence of
Freewater, Umatilla county, is a town
not only of free water, but of free, land;
that is, It will give a block of land to
anybody who will establish a needed
A man was arrested in Pendleton for
leaving hia team tied out on the street
all day and all night in the rain. If the
law would allow it he should be treated
the same way.
A large area of central Oregon is
called the "desert" but cattlemen are
turning their cattle on It by thousands
so they can get the rt"V early bunch-
grass mat grows them
Thomas Jefferson Halley of 'eastern
Oregon is talked of for congress on a
ticket that corresponds to his name,
says a Roseburg paper. But his middle
name is not Jefferson, nor does It, com
mence with a J.
La Grande is to have a new band.
Pendleton . is to have a boys' band.
Other towns are organizing bands. Ore
gon Is becoming musical. The baseball
season has opened and a presidential
campaign is coming on.
Prospects for business and trade con
ditions throughout Eastern Oregon are
brighter this spring than they have been
for many seasons, according to the re
ports of numerous traveling men who
make this territory, says the La Orande
Observer. The drummers know, 't
The Joseph Herald tells of a case
where one arm was better than eight,
as follows: A free-for-all fight was wit
nessed last Monday,-Four men were en
gaged In the combat,; and two others
were hurrying to the scene of action,
when it was suddenly brought to an
end by a one-armed man who laid his
opponents out in short order.
The rural telephone having pretty well
covered the Willamette valley with a
network of wires, is working south, and
the first local line in the Umpqua val
ley is soon to be in operation, it being
from Drain to Gardiner. A second rural
line Is to be established, the farmers in
the vicinity of Dixonvule, Douglas
county having' organized a co-operative
company and will s-tnn besjn the in
stallation of their telephone system.
edford Southern Oregonlan: The to
frult acreage of Oregon this year
must be something like 76,000 acres. Of
this probably 40,000 Is in prunes, about
25,000 in apples, and the remainder di
vided between pears, peaches, cherries
and mixed fruits, including, of course,
strawberries. This acreage is being
constantly increased, and in time the
fruit industry promises to overshadow
nearly every other in Oregon. -
BITS Of MINING NEWS.
Sinking at the Badger mine is in full
swing and the management Is now
mining os on the 700 level, which is
il00 feet below the mill or main adit
level. Work has been In progress on the
double-compartment shaft since early
In January, levels being established at
the too and the 700 levels. The sump
Is how well below the 700, and a full
crew Is kept at work in the shaft, aa
it is understood that the management
will sink to the 1,000 and perhaps
deeper. The shipping ore recently be
ing hauled to the smelter was from the
700 level, where It is said that the vein
Is wider and the grade of ore richer
than at any place In the upper workings.
It is ourrent information that the man
agement of the early company shipped
a large amount of high grade crude ore
from the first workings, which would
make the present strike of very high
value to exceed the early record. The
average shipments of crude ore during
the winter were about 100 tons per
month, four four-horse teams being
kept on the road all of the time, each
hauling 8,000 pounds to the load and
making the round trip from the mine
to Whitney In five days. Snow is dis
appearing in the lower part of the mid
die fork, and it Is probable that th
water plant of the Badger company
will be in shape to renew work in the
oonoentrator at an-.early date. The shaft
already having attained a depth of 700
feet all of the Susanvllle district is
keenly Interested in the work.- This is
the best demonstration that has been
made at depth there,, but the result Is
as expected, for the ore thereabouts Is
of the sulphide type, heavy with galena,
which is so frequently associated In
popular thought with values at great
The superintendent of the Platts
group says'that work there is progress-
Ing as before. Elides have been very
numerous on both sides or the prop
erty, and a few have come close to the
tunnel portal, but until the present no
damage has peen caused thereby. . The
cabins are in a 'safe place where ample
protection exists from this destructive'
element of the mountains. . Work is
being centered upon the main adit
which is making fair progress, consider
ing the conditions under which work
is being carried on.
The Friday mine's new gasoline hoist
has arrived and.lt will soon be In oper
ation. As soon as It is In place It is
the purpose of the management to begin
work in the double-compartment shaft,
which is now down below the BO level.
It is to be sent down another 100 feet
and be kept in condition for permanent
operations. ' "; : ... '
CLEAN CITY COMMANDMENTS
H MUH, lit Chicago Tribune.
. The primary cause of dirty streets Is
the carelessness of the people. Chief of
PnHr.ArvMt.ni. - .
The campaign for a clean city must
a. campaign oi eaucation. rresiaent
Wentworth of the League of Improve
words in the language," said Chief of
Police O'Neill yesterday, "but I am
getting tired of hearing it A good
many or the reformers who wish to co-
Onerate With ths nnlirfwi drnnrtirunt It
the matter of enforclngh clean street
ordinance seem to be willing to co
operate with their mouths only.
"A good many members , of the Im
provement associations, i am afraid.
arop tneir morning papers in the street
When thV Innva thn Itrutur In th.
morning, and then come straight over
ueru vu oner to co-operate witn us In
enforcing the law they have ; Just
broken." . ' .
"The great work which the Improve
ment associations can do and do at
once," said President Wentworth of the
League of Improvement associations.
is to eaucate their members and all
other, cltlsens to a knowledge of the re
quirements of the clean city ordinances
snd a determination to obey- them."
Next week the work or cleaning ev
ery improved street and alley in tha
olty will begin. It is especially impor-
mm. mm me city ciean street ordinance
be enforced immediately In order that
the streets and alloys may remain olean
as long as possible. Few people are
iiumuar witn tne provisions or that or
dinance. Fewer still will fcke the
trouble to read the ordinance W- lt en
tirety. For the benefit of those who
wish to know, in the fewest possible
number of words, what ttm - nri,in,i
provisions are, the following condensa
tion nan oeen prepared: '
COMMANDMENT NO. 1.
Throw no paper or rubbish of any
kind in oe, upon any street or other pub
. COMMANDMENT NO. 1
Throw -no paper or rubbish of any
kind In or upon your own premises from
Which it may be rnrrlefi intn ,,nnn
any stceet or public place Ty the wind
COMMANDMENT NO. S. ."'.
Provide a senarata wnti.fc m.t.i
can for garbage and one for ashes for
"iu resilience or wen nav
Put garbage and-nothing else In the
garbage can. and ashes and nothing else
in the ashes can.
' " COMMANDMENT NO. 5. ;
Prevent racnloknrn anA nh
authorized persons from picking over or
disturblna- the contents of h
bage cans, ,
COMMANDMENT NO. 9.
Provide, in connection Hh '
stable, under nermlt nf tha
" - - - -viKUJio-
sloner of public works, a suitable box,
In which all manure, shall be deposited,
and have such box emptied at least
twice every week. : -
COMMANDMENT NO. T.
Establish no flower or frnlf
" " - " V BV.IU VI
any other enoroAPhtnant ,. i. .
or sidewalk space without permission
v me commissioner or pubiio works.
COMMANDMENT NO. i.
Paste no bills
Paste no bUls and paint no advertise
ments on any private property without
getting the written permission of the
owner and a permit from the commis
sioner of public works.
, COMMANDMENT NO. 8.
Rnmmhar that- ii.i. s
J fivmuuil VI, nil
one of the above commandments renders
you liable to "a line of not less than $2
or more than 1100, and that you are
liable to a similar fine for each and ev
ery day you violate the law.
It has been sue-seated thai it WnnM
be a good Idea to have this or some
similar synopsis of the 'clean streets
CHINA IS, IS
From the Chicago Tribune.
Glance at tha man nf rhino Th. r t..
river, running north and south, empties
mo wis un near mu enwang. - unserve
the territory west of this river as far
aa tha srreat wall . Ta thi. .
Chinese or Russian? On this point
nangs a pussiing diplomatic question.
Russia aeama tn mtiil.,
- ' . w ,HJ
west of the Liao sometimes aa Russian,
sometimes as Chinese. That la. when It
Is feared that the Japanese will land
anywhere In this region Russia holds
China responsible, stating that such a
landing would constitute a violation of
Chinese' neutrality and that Russia
would answer by "taking measures"
againsi i;nma. un otner occasions, Rus
sia orders China to keep all troops out
of this nart nt th. nmintw , ..,...
of the press dispatches of the last
iu uu in cuniirma mis nypotnesis.
When Russia considers the " region
west of the Llao Russian:
Peking. Feb. 25. The director general
of the Chinese Eastern railway reports
that 100 Russian Infantry and 200 Rus
sian cavalry have moved west of the
Liao river.. -
Tien Tsln, Feb. 2. The Russians de
mand to read all telegrams received at
Tienchwang (100 miles west of Llao).
Peking, March 4. Russia has formal
ly represented to China to keep her
troops south of fihanhalkwan (18S miles
west of Liao.)
Peking, March t Dr. Morrison, Lon
don Times . correspondent, has Just re
turned from a trip to Nlu Chwang. Finds
Russians patrolling railway nearly to
great wall (18S miles west of Llao).
St Petersburg, March 10. Russia has
warned China to send no troops beyond
great wall. A refusal to heed this warn
ing will be considered a breach of neu
Mukden, March 17. There is an in
creasing number of Chinese troops be
tween the Liao and the great wall, A
clash with China is feared ' In conse
quence. - ' . '
St Petersburg, March 22. Russia la
opposed to the presence of Chinese
troops In the war area, which includes
all Manchuria to the great wall. Rub.
sla has notified China of her Intention
to send a military expert to inspect
Chinese troops In Manchuria and east
ern Mongolia. China has not replied to
. When Russia considers the region
west of the Llao Chinese:
Toklo, March B. The Russians wish
to have Nlu Chwang (at the mouth of
the Llao) a neutral port, and therefore
safe from Japanese Invasion. .. .'
St Petersburg, March 17. The Ameri
can, ambassador today transmitted to the
Imperial government assurances from
the American minister to China, Mr.
Conger, that the Chinese will maintain
neutrality as long aa their ,terrtory Is
not Invaded. The Russians deny that
they have any intention of going west of
the Llao. The railroad west of the river
esse 'of Distrust.
From the ..Washington Star.
"Have you ever done anything to en
title you to the gratitude of posterity?"
"No," answered , Senator ,- Sorghum;
"and when I see some of the statuary
that Is scattered about' I don't feel like
tempting posterity to be too graceful."
ordinance read to the pupils in every
pubiio school In Chicago on some morn
ing of next week, the reading being pre
faced by a short eppeal by the teacher
to the pride of the children in the 'clean
liness of their city or of the particular
neighborhood in which theyf 11V.
However, it the synopsis la read and
acted upon by adults only, it Is safe to
say that a'n Immense improvement would
be immediately noticeable in the condi
tions of streets and alleys all over the
city. '(-.:. 'v iriJLi3,,.;y, 4 :,v-!
. Chief O'Neill does not believe that the
issuance of a general order, to all police
men instructing them to pay special at
tention to enforcing the ordinance would
be either politic or especially effective.
."The policeman now has so many laws
to enforce that to put special emphasis
on any of them is almost certain to lead
to: laxness in the enforcement Of others.
"I am of the opinion that the way to
secure the enforcement of this ordi
nance is to detail one policeman to ev
ery ward, whose sole duty it shall be
to See that this and the similar ordi
nances are strictly enforced. If a man
knows that It la his work to help keep
the streets and alleys in good condition
by preventing the violation of the ordi
nances, he wUl take a pride in' It --
'Two years ago we had such a detail,
and Its work was most effective, as, 1
am sure, Superintendent . Solon will
testify. ,i At present I have one. police
man In uniform detailed to report to the
superintendent of the South, Park Im
provement association, made up of resi
dents about the University of Chicago.
"I am sure It could be easily arranged
to have one policeman in uniform de
tailed to every ward in the city. In the
first place It would not take many men;
there are Cther movements and, institu
tions to which men are now detailed
which I do not think need them as much
or accomplish as much good with them.
In the second place, I would not lose
the services of the officers detailed es
pecially to enforce the - sanitary ordi
nances. They would be in uniform and
about the streets and alleys all the
time, so that the would be available in
an emergency at any time for other our
poses when wanted by cltlsens. . Their
moral influence would be good, and they
couia go in ana out of the alleys of
tours of Investigation without arousing
the comment which now meets tha nni.
far men on beat when they undertake
sucn trips,, . Best of all, they would
Boon become ' specialists in their - line,
and, I am convinced, the work of keep,
ing the streets and alleys clean would
be much better-done than lf ' general
order were issueff" making It the busi
ness of the whole force te enforce the
clean streets Ordinance. What Is every
body's business is nobody's business In
police work as In every other walk of
life. . , : , . . 1 ; -.. , .
- "I don't see any ressomwhy the detail
should not be made, for there Is no
movement for which 1 have greater
sympathy than that of keeping the city
-"But the individual cltisen can do
more than the police or . anybody-
to enforce the clean street ordinance.
ne.ron ao it oy ooeylng the ordinance
himself. It is mere idle and thought
less carelessness which , is responsible
for the litter of papers and rubbish
which at present disfigure almost all our
streets. '- ;.. . . . t
"Next door to my house stands a flat
building. Alongside the flat building is
BO feet of ground which belongs-to it
The people who live in ; the . building
cv-miiy ueon Dusy nousecieanlng.
They have swept up and" out on to the
20-foot side lot all sorts of paper and
rubbish. That paper and debris Is con
tlnuaUy being blown over into my yard,
so that I am obliged to have it picked
up at least twice a week. That Is a
bit of carelessness which ahmiM not k.
allowed. The only practlcajway to stop
.v uvn j cuisen to pe more care
ful. Then we Shalt go at long way to
wards having a clean city."
Russia considers neutral territory, vn
less the Japanese invade it
8t Petersburg, March ja. Russian
naval experts are confident that Japa
nese troops will be landed on neutral
Chinese territory west of , the Liao, pre
paratory to attacking Nlu Chwang
Peking, March 20. M.' Paul Leaser,
the Russian minister at Peking, has
warned the Chinese government 4hat
unless China causes the Chinese bandits
(west of the Liao) to cease operating
against the Russian forces; Russia will
consider China's omission a breach of
St. Petersburg, March 24. Informa
tion received by the war office indicates
that Japan, finding it difficult to effect
a landing In Manchuria, proposes Ao
land her army In neutral Chinese ter
ritory on the west of the Liao, perhaps
at Tienklancheng. The violation of
Chinese neutrality would give an en
tirely new phase to the war. (Tlenkla
cheng is almost exaotly midway in the
disputed region.) .
When Dr. Morrison made his trip early
in March through the disputed region he
found the railroads guarded by General
Ma's regular troops. He described them
aa orderly 'and well disciplined, ami
posted only along the road and at the
stations. The Chinese had the right be
fore the war of patrolling this part of
the railroad. ' Binee his trip, however
these regular troops are being with
drawn, as follows: . J -
Liaoyang, March 24. General Ma has
transferred his headquarters to Tung
chow (a Pekingese suburb). . His troops
have been withdrawn . west of the Sln
mlntung railroad which bisects ths re
gion between the Llao and the great
wall). ... - , . .,
Evidently this" action of General Ma
was taken In consequence of the Russian
representations recorded on March 4, 10
and 22. .
It were the better part of valor for
China forthwith politely to inquire of
Russia whether the territory between the
great wall and the Llao is Russian or
Chinese. If the former, China can dis
claim responsibility for any Japanese
landings or bandit attacks. If the lat
ter, China can logically claim the right
to put troops there.
Under the present arrangement China
Is apt to wake up any morning and find
she has violated the. neutrality, either
(1) by putting troop's in this region
against Russia's continued commina
tlons, or by (2) by. not putting troops
there and, consequently, falling to op
pose the depredations of, bandits or the
landings of the Japanese.
If China were drawn into the war the
consequences might be appalling. Her
"administrative entity" would be apt to
disappear both aa a fact and a diplo
matic term. It is, therefore, provoca
tive of . considerable uneasiness ' that
China has been placed, in such, a posi
tion that, whatever she does, she can be
accused whenever Russia so desires of
having viglated the neutrality. . ? .
'.,.. The Worst of All.
.. . From the Chicago Record-Herald.
"Pa, is retribution the worst thing
a person, can have?" , ,
"No. - It Isn't half as bad ss the feel
ing one7 has after he. has confessed and
then discovered that he wouldn't have
been found out If he had kept quiet." .
.Hermann will carry Cheroawa. '
The lamb came pretty near being a
goat - 1 , " . ' ,
The milliners begin to smile, though
: Hermann feels safe; the postmasters
are all hls'n. . . , '
' General Kouropatkin is doomed; he
spirits his infinitives. ' , . .
It will be a wise person who doesn't
get fooled somehow tomorrow.
Portland Is estimated to have' 140,000
Inhabitants, mostly Republicans. -
Remember that this is to be a Rose
City. Plant the rosebushes by thou
sands. , t.
Everybody is glad that Maroh is gone.
Miss April, we expect you to be mostly
smiles. ' '
Other senators will now be more care
ful .about "practicing law" after ' the
Burton fashion. ; : -
General Miles wonders why the Demo-'
crats cannot all perceive and agree at
once On an ideal candidate.
General Kouropatkin has declared sev
eral things that he would do; but It
takes two to make a bargain. ' . y
: Between the time these lines are writ
ten and the time they are read Port Ar-
thur will fall about I H times. '
. The Salem Statesman was 6J years
old Monday,. It .was started by Asahel
Bush, the venerable Salem-banker. .. . .
. Mr. W. J. Bryan has written the t
tide on "Democracy" for the Encyclo
pedia Americana. . Now, . Mr. Orover
Cleveland, will you not weep, or wince?
' The Salem, Statesman makes quite a
neat though a long-legged straddle of
the local-option law. The ; editor does
not believe himself out of politics fotv
'Two million dollars has been left by
a philanthropist to the poor of St Paul.
But the lawyers will probably get the
most of it and not the poor lawyers,
either. , . - " .
Some corporation people Inclined to
merge are consulting attorneys on the
question whether or not four Is a ma
jority of nine. The attorneys are di
vided on the question.
; Hugh B. Penland. a prominent student
at the University of . Oregon, passed
through , Albany i yesterday. Albany
Herald. So we have "prominent" . stu
dents, too. Is the young man out for
an office already ? s . ; '
Schwab, on his return .to New York,
declined to be Interviewed, saying be ,
was in a delicate position. A good many
people think that if he had his Just de
serts he would be in a still more embar
rassing position. . 1 ,
At the risk of being again descredited
as a weather prophet we predict warme
and" better weather It couldn't be
worse, Eugene Guard. Considering
that 'tt couldn't be worse,", and that no
ttme is set this seems to be a safe pre
diction. ' - '
Chicago la boasting about Its low death
rate, estimate last year at laMper 1.000.
This is Indeed a low death rate, as com
pared with other large cities, but Port
land's is much lower, stbout 11 per 1,000.
and Portland doesn't have to boll Its
water to attain this result
Old ex-Boss Piatt has been told again
that he is to be the nominal "leader" and
been temporarily padded. But he msy
not yet be so childish as to be able to
distinguish the difference between being
a boss and being -merely called a boss
out of courtesy and expediency.
If that bill of Senator Mitchell's to pay
the Klamath Indians $537,007 In settlement
of their land claims should pass, what a
high old time those Indians would have!
But It would lay nearly all of them low.
The government has generally mistreated
the .Indians, and In paying them a lot
of money only' takes another method than
that of war of killing them off.
Advice to the Lovelorn
BY 8BATUCI f AXiraX
Dear Miss. Fairfax I am a young girl
20 years old and am in love with a gen-,
tleman 40 years old. While fie seems to
adore me,' yet he never speaks of mar
riage. I sometimes think he believes
himself too old for me. Would you
kindly advise me how to let him know
I care for him?
BROKEN-HEARTED HILDA.' ,
If he loves you he will probably ask
you to marry him. . Men do not stick
at a trifle like 20 years' difference in
ages when they really love a girl. I
would advise you not to show your love
too plainly. . '.,-:,? ; W ,
, Dear Miss Fairfax I am . keeping
company with a young lady for over
a year and Intend to get married next
April. Now, as I am in a place Where
I have to work Sundays and' about IS
miles j away from where the. girl lives
I can't see her but once In a week, and
sometimes less than that Last Sunday
I happened to go to her home unex
pectedly, and as she: works out I ex
pected her home that evening, but to my
surprise' I met her' coming along, the
road hand In hand with another young
man. She also had her lady friend and
her escort In her company. ; Afterward
we had a little quartel over It, and she
told me she didn't .think it any harm for
her being in : this young man's com
pany, . for he , was a friend of her lady
friend's escort, and thought I was very
wrong for getting angry over it Would
you kindly advise me. Was It proper
for her or not? Is she right? -
I do not see any great harm In her
walking with the other young man, es
pecially as she did not expect you. You '
can't expect her to shut herself up when
you are not with her. However, I do
not at all approve of her walking hand
In hand with him. It looks both silly
and bold. If I were you I would tell her
that you cannot allow her to do that
sort af thing ,.-'
Dear Miss Fairfax I am acqualntel
with a very ntce young man, but In my
company he often falls asleep and
snores, sometimes when I am talking to
him. Will, you kindly tell me what you
think of such conduct? I try to awaktn
him at times, then he tells me he is not
sleeping, but only resting his eyes. '
I do not think you try to make things
very entertaining for the young man or
he would not fall asleep. You mlht
tea mm mat 11 he cannot keep awtke
when calling on You he had better slay