The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, March 27, 1904, Page 19, Image 19

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    THE OREGON JOURNAL', ; PORTLAND, SUNDAY , MORNING, MARCH 27, 1901
13
SS5H
Some New Americans
" The statistics of Immigration Into the
United States during the past 84 years
furnish a very Interesting study.: From
1821 to 1908, both Inclusive tb total
number, of lmlgrants that nave ;i come
into the United States aggregates 11,
265,723, equal to one fourth of the pres
ent population of the entire ountry.
This . Immense Influx of population ' In-
eludes ' almost every nationality, under
the sun. Europe furnished 98 per cent,
the western hemisphere furnished ' 4.6
per cent, and China and all other coun
tries 2.6 per cent
From Austria-Hungary came 1.522,
92S; Belgium. 8.211; Denmark, 204,602;
England and Wales. 2.768.168: France,
408,819; Germany, 8,138,091; Ireland,
3,979,669; Italy. 1,689,219; Netherlands,
137.828;vNorway and Sweden, 1.405,420;
; Russia and Poland, 1,242,456; Scotland,
' 888,606; Spain and Portugal, 84,881;
Switzerland, 208,963;' all other Europe,
82,821; tptal Europe, 19,229.861, t -
1 1 The " western ; hemisphere contributed
1,268.069 immigrants' to the United
States, of whom l,0B0,Sf' came from
British North America, 134,859 from the
West Indies, and smaller numbers frOm
South and Central America. - 1 '
In the same period China sent us 317,'
929 immigrants, and all other Asia, 101,
.161; total 421.190, From Africa came
2,792. and from all other countries, 847,
"111, making the grand total above men
tioned..-
Of the total Immigration Into the
United States from 1821 to 1903. Ger
many and the United Kingdom furnished
66 per cent, as follows: Germany, 24
. per cent; Ireland. 19 per cent, and Eng
land,ftSoottahd and Walesrll per cent
During the same period Austria-Hungary,
'italy and Russia snd Poland fur
nished '21 per cent, as follows: Austria
Hungary, 7 per cent: Italy, 8 per cent.
and Russta and Poland, ( per cent Of
the total' immigration In 1903, Germany
and the United Kingdom furnished only
12 per , cent while Austria-Hungary,
Italy and Russia an4 Poland furnished
68 -per cent
A recent consular report that contains
these snd other Immigration, statistics
also publishes a special report on Italian
Immigration by United States Consul
Byington. at Naples, from which the fol
lowing titracts are taken: ,
Emigration from Naples to the United
States has been decidedly on-th,e Ut
eres se during recent years. For ex
ample, the number of emigrants during
the fiscal year 1899-1900 was 82,601; In
1900-1901, the number Increased to 109.
208; in 1901-1902. to 145.447; and last
year (1902-1903) the figures reached
180,011, In comparison with the other
emigrants to the United States, the
movement from Italy to other countries
is small and is practically confined to
emigration to 8outh American countries.
During the fiscal years 1901-1903 the
total number of emigrants carried to
South. American ports by the four navi
gation companies engaged In the trade
was 13,698, The proportion of Italians
going to the United States Is constantly
on thi Increase. This is due principally
to the diminished Brasillan Immigration,
owing to the difficult economic and com
mercial conditions In that republic; to
tl scarolty of work In Argentine. Uru
guay and Paraguay; and to the prevalent
idea among Italians that In the United
Ctates employment can always be found
with good pay. that Jiving is comforta
ble and cheap as far as necessaries are
concerned, that a'l laborers are . treated
like free men. and that the rights of for
eigners, no matter how humble, are re
' Nearly the entire mass of emigrants
from Naples Is composed of peasants
from southern,. Italy. Among them are
seen from time to time northern Ital
ians, Greeks and '.natives of countries
to the east of Italy. There Is a notice
able increase of late years in the number
of Greeks sailing from Naples. The Ital
ic emigrant, though he has previous to
leaving , Italy been entirely devoted to
agricultural work, adapts himself read
ily to any labor not calling for higher
qualifies than muscular force, quick ap
prehension, and willingness to work.
The tendency of the 'Italian peasant
to emigrate Is easily understood when
the conditions under which agricultural
work as done in southern Italy is com
pared with similar employment In Amer
ica. Discontent has been greatly con
tributed to by the fact that the needs
of the people have outstripped the
means of satisfying them. With the ex
tension of railroads In Italy " and the
dlifuslon of Information there has not
been a proportional Increase In thi ad
vantages of life among the workers of
the soil. Military service, too, seems to
have a disturbing effect,'- not 'because
of . unwillingness to serve, but because
the soldier, after enjoying better food.
clothing and quarters in garrison, re
turns to the discomforts of life in his
native place and finds that the effort
to correct matters and Introduce reforms
is Ineffective. ) High taxes. Import du
ties on the prdducta of neighboring
places, a currency at times depreciated,
high - rates Of exchange, and. often the
idea prevalent among the population that
local administration Is not always hon
est tend to augment discontent and
promote the Idea of emigration. These
provocatives to leave the , country are
progressive; the greater the emigration
the worse the condition of those remain
ing behind. Wages of agricultural la
borers are a mere pittance, often" paid
in maize. Men generally can go home
only once a week, and they are subject
to the miseries of malaria. - -
The average emigrant from this port
is a fair representative of the Italian
peasant Intellectually he ; Is willing
and quick to learn, but is deplorably
Ignorant In 186T the proportion of
Italians who could not read was 71 per
eent; and In 1881,. when the census was
made. It "was 67 per cent - This shows
an Increase in education which Is In all
probability due to increased educational
advantages In cities, a condition which
does not concern In any Important de
gree the Italian emigrant The im
provement is much more marked In the
north of Italy than In the south. The
great majority of the emigrants are
Roman Catholics. It is believed that
there are very few paupers or beggars
among the Naples emigrants. They
are- generally poor . people, who
earnestly desire an opportunity to earn
an honest living. As to their morality,
It is that of the Ignorant and emotional
lower classes of their race. ' It Is, how
ever, difficult for any criminal to leave
Naples for the United States. The
Italian emigration commission exer
cises a rigid control of this matter.
The proportion of married persons
among Italian, emigrants is very large.
At the beginning of summer the bulk
of emigrants from Naples consists of
men; toward autumn the women leave
to Join the male members ef their
families at the conclusion of what is
presumably a successful summer's
work. Although the average Italian
peasant. Is comparatively undersized, he
is muscular, hardy, and fit for the per
formance of heavy manual labor
The money sent back to Italy 'by
Italians In the United State amounts
to an Immense amount annually. These
fiscal transactions form a large Item In
the banking business of Italy, and are,
it Is said, the principal cause of the
existence of many banks conducted, by
Italians In the United States. Indeed,
this money Is -the financial salvation
of many communities of southern Italy,
THE IDEAL CONCERT HALL ON THE PACIFIC COAST"
ricli(D)ijTi9
(bo nicer
SECOND AND BURNSIDE STS.
Aug.Erickson
. (proprietor ;
ER-ICKSQNg
II. D. Griffin
Manager
Concert Hall. has been remodeled at a cost enormous and the house stands today without an equal on the coast Elegantly lighted, Beau-
' tifully decorated, handsomely fitted and finished. Each week a r
CHANGE OH PROGRAM
And the best music and most talented singers that visit the coast Especially
engaged. . :.
LADIES' ORCHESTRA OF EIGHT PIECES
Under the direction of MISS MINNIE E. GLIDDEN. This orchestra is without an equal and positively appears every afternoon and even
ing in the latest selections and accompanying the vocalists who appear here at each performance. Don't fail to see Erickson's when
visiting Portland.
raSSWEP LIFE AM ENERGY IS MOUGHT
AISOUT
WITH
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BY DRINKING THE. OLD AND RENOWNED
THE. BEST JPAMILY TONIC ON EARTH
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LA'GE
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Tefeptei Mail 4
FOR SALE BY ALL DEALER
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