The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, March 05, 1904, Page 8, Image 8

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5. 1904.
The American Invasion of French lit
. ratur 1s matter that ls exciting; act
a little attention from the literati of
both countries. Franc has been slower
' to take up American literature than al
most any other country, translating few
of our standard works, awi none, almost
of our current fiction, and placing but
one of our authors among their classic.
Edgar Allen Poe, and Spain has ac
corded this honor to Washington -Irv
' lng as well as Poe. At present it is
said the works of President Roose
velt are having quite a vogue In France,
-but this la not the "American invasion"
, that is creating such a disturbance, but
the introduction of American characters
into French stories. v v "':'
The effort with which many French
writers are ,: endeavoring to inspire
French characters with American spirit
seems to alarm many of the more con
servative -writers of France, who resent
the sturdy character and forceful energy
of the American. This departure by
many of the current writers la said to
be due to M, Pierre de Couvertlus' efforts
to popularise college sports ... among
" young Frenchmen. , He calls? Theo
dore Roosevelt, as Witness of the
need of a - manly '. education. This
'j gymnastic gospel has in some Vway
: ' been transferred to the French girl and
has lately broken out In a book "La-
'" quelle'' (which?) that has been received
-with more or less favor according as
t lie reader has grown away from old tra
ditions. There -are two young cousins,
Nell and Nellie. Nell had an American
mother and was brought up in America
with decidedly practical opinions and
' possessed, of ' strong ; Individuality.
Nellie, who Is all French even to educa
. tfon. Is compared to a , "fragile piece
of Dresden china," The story reaches
the climax while the two cousins are
. traveling in Rome, and a nobleman woos
Nellie, thinking, of course, she Is the
rich girl, because Nell's independence
and energy would Indicate a, necessity
for earning a living and an unfamlliarity
with wealth. Finding his mistake, he Is
about to transfer -his affections, when
v Nell, with rue American generosity, be
stows the "dot" upon Nellie, which will
insure her the "noble husband."
The preponderance of good qualities
' Is so plainly on the side of the Amerl-J
can u is not 10 De wonaerea ai mat an
alarm is felt lest the "Dresden china"
type be superceded by a stronger but
entirely new type of French men and
- women. '. - "t." 'Jr.:
. "Sanctuary" -By Edith Wharton. Few
books that have been published the past
year that would come under the head
of fiction have made so profound an
Impression. We doubt the propriety of
classing it among the works of Action,
for while It is a story with just enough
romance to stamp It as such, it mirht
properly be called a psychological study.
for there are more questions Involved
than a superficial reading of the book
would indicate. .
The story is divided in two separate
periods. Opening with the approaching
marriage of Kate Orme and Denis Pey
ton, with the exhillaratlng enthusiasm
: of perfect confidence and happiness on
, her part and the rather veiled character
- ofDenlaexcept-4n the-matter of-cne
weakness the courage to do the right
tiling when the trial came. . -
i Kate, who had been kept "unspotted
from the world," knowing little, of Its
temptations and none of its vices, found
herself crushed and broken, -with lova
- gone, when she discovered the weakness
of her lover. .-, - V. t .-
, Threading per way through a labyrinth
of subtle reasoning, wrestling, with, her
. own convictions ana reelings, she ar
rives at the decision that it is her duty
to let the marriage proceed, that she
may hold the controlling hand in shao
ing the character of a son that might
ne Dorn to Denis, which would be taken
out of her power were, another woman
the mother. - .--
Here thor draws a veU-ovw-4e
married life founded on such hypotheti
cal reasoning and opens the story again
when the anticipated son la a young
man grown, talented and possessed of
all the accomplishments of good breed
ing and a superior education, added to
a handsome personality. The father's
Influence was removed by death when
the boy was six years old and the mother,
had every opportunity to put her the
ories to the test of actual practice. When
the crucial time came, the supreme mo
ment of temptation, the writer brings
the story to such an artistic finish, we
find we have learned a great lesson In
psychology while being held with the in
tense Interest of a dramatic story.
Perhaps the writer may at times be
too intense In the subtleness and an
alysis of her reasoning and theories, but
it Is done in such a charming way one
can easily overlook the fault if It be one,
and the distinctness with which the
writer presents her characters, or lllus-
Churches the Striking; Feature
of Lima, Peru.
(By Frederic 3. Baskia, Special Correspondent of TO Journal.)
. Lima, Peru. It was i evening In
old - Lima .... The , wind was very
low and flaming banners of red were
waving in the west Along all sides Of
the square the porters were busy putting
up. their wooden shutters for the night
Lights were beginning to flare in the
cafes as darkening shadows fell . over
the old, old city. It was a fit hour to
hear, the stories that good old Father
Francisco told ma of this ancient strong
hold of the Catholic church.. He told of
Plsarro, the iron-hearted conqueror,
whom the old books say was an lllegltl
matechlld, left to perish by an unknown
mother, and who would have starved
had he not been nursed by a sow. Pizar
ro became a foundling of the church,
and although in after years it had cause
to blush for bis vandal acts, he was a
valiant soldier in the cause of God and
king, and even though be caused rivers
of blood to. flow through the fair valleys
of Peru, he put a cross on every hill.
The Sign of the Cross.
"When his time came to die," said
my venerable narrator, "his assassins
dealt him the death blow as be knelt
to make the sign, of the cross In his
own blood. It was his last act and
very fitting, for his way up and down
the world was marked by much carnage.
It is told of him that he could not read
nor write, and that his murder of Ata
haullpa, the Inca chieftain which ruth
less act wa of today still greatly de
T1 ore was caused by an Incident expos
ing that fact. The .written accounts
rt-late that Plsarro had agreed to give
the Inca ruler his liberty if his subjects
filled the room in which he was confined
with treasure to the height or a mark
made on the wall. This mark was as
high aa the noble prisoner could reach
witn his finger tips while ha stood on
tiptoe. The treasure was in the form of
Iiitf of gold and silver brought from
the temples of the barbarians. During
the time it required for the riches to
trfitfftn a tinlnfr l mn iATfinrehftnftiVe that
it makes up for- the close-brain, work
demanded by her reasonings. .
Can't we just see Denis mother wnen
she comes to call-on Kate? "A scented
silvery person whose lavender silks and
neutral-tinted manner expressed a mind
with its blinds drawn down toward all
unpleasantness of life.''- Or the worldly
society girl, Kho "likes to be helped first
and have everything in her plata at
once." To the believer In the transfer
ence of thought and the power of on
mind over anothep, the book would par
ticularly commend ; itself, and to tin
young mother without grounded convic
tions it could be a great power for mood
if it was read with the keen apprecia
tion it deserves.
This book Is handsomely Illustrated
and printed on heavy cream paper with
deep margin, and. rough edge.
Charles Scrlbner'a Bons. Price l.o.
"Henderson" By Rose E. Young.
This is the second book that has come
from the pen , of this gifted . author,
though she was well known as a writer
and Journalist before "Sally of ' Mis
souri" appeared, r. "Henderson", is not a
novel, but a series of sketches with tha
same characters running throughout.
Highly moral, for a single idea pervades
the book a man faithful to an ideal and
a woman who ranks duty higher than
love' . and happiness.', . The heroine as
sists Dr. Henderson through epidemics
of malignant diseases, and aids him at
the operating table till tha realism or
It all makes one shudder, and yet it is
told in such clear-cut professional lan
guage on is made to wonder where, the
author got her , familiar knowledge of
medicine and surgery. The terse, in
cisive style bespeaks the newspaper we
man' on every page, for every word is
made to hold its full quota of meaning.
with, nothing left, to the Imagination,
yet not a word too few or too many.
The story is laid In Missouri, the horn
of the writer, but the local coloring is
hot Intense and the events depend not
at all on locality? Houghton, Mifflin &
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"Violett"- By The Baroness' von Hut
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partly in a lonely lighthouse, in the Eng
lish channel, and partly in London, vlo
lett, who is first presented as a boy of
poetic temperament,1 later develops an
extraordinary, genius for music, and
during one episode of his strange career
becomes ah actor. Hia life is shadowed
by a crime committed by his father, yet
in spite of this element the romance
does not lack humor. It Is full of swift
changes In Incident and scenery and por
trays with, great vividness a variety of
characters, particularly of Bohemian and
theatrical types, it deals' throughout
with intense affections and passions, and
the leading figure is drawn with inti
mate comprehension of the words which
sway the artist and tha lover, Hough
ton. Mifflin & Co. Price 11.50.
"New Light on the liife of Jesus"
By Dr. Charles A. Briggs. - An unusual
Interest attaches Itself to this book, for
no man has been so much in the relig
ious public eye of late years as the au
thor, Dr. Briggs has bad the honor of
disturbing that -august Jsody, the Prea
byterlan Ministerial . association, from
center to circumference, and at one
time almost disrupting and splitting in
twain one of the greatest religious
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terest and fiercest of criticism, and
storms of adverse opinions, Dr. Briggs
has held to his views of the Bible, its
authenticity and the divine teachings of
Jesus. In this volume Dr. Brlces sets
forth a new order of the events and
teachings in the life of Jesus, in the
light of which a large proportion of Uie
disputes as to the harmony of the gos
pels disappear. Bo far as modern opin
ions are concerned, the book may be
said to be revolutionary, and yet the re
sults are conservative and the composi
tion of the various gospels become much
easier explained.. The "author realises
that the work will meet with opposition,
for in the preface he says: "The book
must go into the fires of criticism, and
the hotter the better. - If the light ia
true light, it will abide." The book
will undoubtedly . enjoy a ' large sale.
Charles Scrlbner'a Sonsj publishers.
The new edition of the Lewis ; and
Clark Journals, In convenient small 12
mo. form, which A- 8. Barnes & Co. are
preparing for Immediate issue, will cop
tain a general introduction and an ac
count " of the Louisiana purchase, by
Prof, John Bach McMaster, and . an
Identification of the route of the ex
plorers by Ripley Hitchcock.
"Beauty Through Health" will be the
title of the book which Dr. Emma K.
Walker is engaged upon. It will appear
in the Woman's Home Library, edited
by Mrs. Margaret E. Langster,, for A. B.
Barnes & Co. of New York. ,
be brought, the royal- captive amused
himself by learning words of the lan
guage of his keepers. : He had one of
them scratch the name of God on one of
his nnger nails, and it pleased him
mucn to see that the lowliest of the
conqueror's followers recognised the let
ters arranged in such a novel place. '
JPlsarro Could Hot Bead. .
'One day . when Pizarro called upon
the royal captive, the latter held out
his hand that his - visitor might see.
but Plsarro could not read and did not
understand. When the prisoner discov
ered that hia captor's menials were less
Ignorant thsn their master, the thought
amused him and he laughed. PUarro'u
pride waa hurt, and although tha room
was eventually filled with gold nearly un
to the mark on the wall, he broke his
word and killed the lordly Inca In cold
blood. This foolish act of vengeance
win ever ne a stain upon the honor
of the arms of Spain. -
"But even though the conqueror's
cruel deeds left much to regret his
valor won for Spain a great domain.
This is one of the strongholds of the
church. I am told, my "Win. that To
ledo, In Spain, Is the only other city in
tne catnoue world which has more
houses of worship than Lima, I believe
the nuffiber is 72. From a high place
their towers and spires are almost as
numerous as trees standing In a forest
And they represent great wealth. Time
was when . the church property con
stituted one-seventh of the total calcula
tion of the city, and It must be nearly so
at this date. .. -...v.
i Xima'a Greet CataedraL
"The cathedral, as you see, is a most
stately edifice. . It is -now quits old and
gray, for the foundation was laid by
the conqueror himself. It took 90 years
to build. It was really more than' a cen
tury before the Imposing towers were
complete upon the great foundations the
Iron-hearted Pizarro laid down for-them.
The present archbishop is the 26th In
the line. The principal , portal, which
you can see from where you are sitting
yes, you are riglit. the big one in the
middle is the Door of Pardon. That
large pedestal, which crowns the whole,
bears the statue of 8 1 John the Evan
gelist, the patron of the cathedral. It
Is getting dark and my eyes are old,
but you can doubtless see the eagle at
his feet, and the book and pen In his
hinds. - The second door of the transept
opens at the court of orange trees, which
is precisely like that of the same name
in old Seville, in far-away Spain. On the
pantheon are the, remains of the con
queror and his daughter,' Francisca, - who
left a fortune to defray the expense of
celebrating a dally mass at the high al
tar. Tomorrow you shall go to mass with
me, and after It is over I will show you
the tombs of the archbishops and the
-very. body of Plxarro,! which is yet very
well ' preserved. ' You can . see what a
big, strong man he really : waa, and
that he had but one eye, the other
having been put out from the blow of
a javelin during one of the intrepid sol
dier's early expeditions.": ; t&j,l'
Tenoed Ground at Wight.
I do not know how many priests and
nuns there are in Lima, but their num
ber is very great It seems to. Tne I
read there were 1,700 of them, including
all orders. . I know there was once 700
monks In the bouse of the Franciscans,
but there are ,not so many now. The
site for the founding of the' bouse of
this order was selected in an unusual
manner. The friars applied to the vice
roy for a suitable place, and he offered
to give ; them : whatever ground they
would enclose In one night, , selecting
any location they might see fit - Al
though the time was very ; short, the
monks secured the necessary materials,
marshalled all their f oi ces, and built a
fence around - an entire square. This
piece of ground contained an ; orchard
and a pond, and completely stopped up
two streets. The municipal , authorities
quite naturally protested against this
act as sn encroachment on their rights,
and demanded', that the property be re
leased. But - the viceroy favored the
friars, and paid for the ground In ques
tion out of his own purse. The order
retains this choice piece of property,
located in the heart of Lima, to this
day." The church and convent of the
Franciscans' are the most sumptuous in
Lima, both Interior and 'exterior. The
latter have fortunes invested in them,.
Dominicans Were Tlrst.
The Dominican friars were the first
ecclesiastics who landed in Peru. Pl-
sarro had seven monks of this order
In : his suite. Father : Valverde, the
priest who induced Athaullpa, the un
happy Inca monarch, to embrace the
Catholic faith, and who held the cruci
fix to his Hps just before his execution.
was a Dominican, The first prayers
paid in Lima, the first mass celebrated
in the cathedral, and thejlrst' sacrament
administered, were all performed by the
Dominican friars. As a souvenir of the
first administration of the sacraments
the members of the order still retain
the first baptismal font In those times
the friars lived in reed huts and begged
their food from door to door."
' Hundreds of Masses Sally.
"Yes, I can tell you how many masses
are said In Lima every day. I have It in
a little book here. 1 know it is more
than 100 every day, but I have forgotten
exactly. Can you make it out by the
light of the lamp back of you? You say
it is 39,607 in a year? Well, that is con
slderably more than 100 a day, isn't it?
f i new that about-2O,000"iof-- these
masses are paid for by the various
brotherhoods. Another point you might
jot down in your book, my son, is that
we celebrate in our churches 469 festi
vals every year, which is considerably
more than one every day."
Tortnaea ia rornlsnlags.
"I heard a statement the other day
which will give some idea of the former
great wealth of some of the brother
hoods, When the decree was made by
the government that al the property of
the various brotherhoods should be man
aged by the board of relief of the poor,
the extracts from the inventory of one
altar showed that the weight of its sil
ver service was 1,800 pounds. The
heaviest piece was a kind of hand-bar-
Tow-for c&fTylhglhe"l-eirciiof saints."
This, together with lz lamps, comprised
about half of the total weight, although
the front of the altar, and the Virgin's
throne were each embellished with sev
eral hundred pounds of the precious
metal. My informant said the seraon
atrance contained more than a thosand
diamonds as well as a large number of
other valuable . stones, topaaes and
pearls. I have forgotten tha number of
the latter as well as the total value of
the. whole, but it was a sum princely
enough to ransom a king, I can assure
you that
"Besides tne intrinsic value or tne
furnishings .of the old churches here,
the workmanship on . the decorations.
Inside and out represents a quantity
of labor that it is almost impossible to
calculate. - Take the wonderful carving
on the front of the church of La Mer
ced, for instance. Where in the world
can we find the workmen to duplicate
the carving on that stately old edifice.
Its splendid tower, riddled with , the
bullets . of many r revolutions. ' and
crumbling with the decay of the cen
turies that are pressing hard upon It
cannot be replaced when, once it falls.
Over at St . Augustine's, In a nearby
street they are repairing the church.
The other morning when I was there,
they were taking up the floor and cart
ing away the bones of the monks burled
there hundreds of years ago. The new
structure will be very fine, but It will
be far different .from the old one." ; . ,
'U'Vf'.UBaint.. Boss of - Lime, :'f.r.r't"
"No mention ' of the glory of the
church in - Lima - would . be complete
without the telling of the story of
Saint Rose of Lima. The wonderful his
tory of the life of this holy daughter of
Peru has few equals In sacred litera
ture. She was America's first saint and
was the daughter of honorable parents.
Her baptismal name waa Isabella, but as
she lay in her cradle, a tiny breathing
thing; there were rosea In her : cheeks,
and her mother said: .'Her name must
be Rose. It is written that she conse
crated her life to God when she was but
five years of age. From her very youth
her walk waa that of piety. - She had
purity as white as a virgin's soul. The
mere fact that her parents had changed
her name caused her . great grief of
spirit, for she believed it was the result
of their vanity, and she considered pride
of that sort greatly unbecoming to a
worthy daughter of God. She was very
beautiful as a child, but steadfastly re
fused to dress In the ray fashion of the
young. "Once when her mother Insisted
that she wear a crown of flowers on her
head she pinned it to her flesh with
needles, and the'paln she suffered was
not discovered until her nurse, late at
night found out what she had dona
"As a girl she kept a garden and cul
tivated bitter herbs, planting them in
the form of crosses. When men came
to court her, she was. displeased at the
beauty which attracted them and scalded
herself with hot lime. After she became
a nun, she was not content with the or
dinary discipline, and chastised her
body with Instruments of penance. The
bed she used was in the form of a
rough, wooden box, filled with stbnes,
pieces of wood and broken tiles. The
fasts' she kept were truly, wonderful.
During the forty days of Lent she took
no' bread, and at other times she was
known to subsist for fifty days on one
loaf of bread and pitcher of water. Dur
ing her supplications she tortured her
self mercilessly with Iron chains.
"Her whole life was a miracle. She
was a saint if one -ever lived in the
flesh. Her little habitation was ox a
place where mosquitos were very thick.
They made It exceedingly uncomfort
able for every one else, but one of them
never alighted upon the consecrated per
son of the saint The birds knew her
well. She could command them at her
will. When she. desired them to come
and sing praises to the master, they re
sponded, and went away at once when
she wished them to depart The strang
est -thing of all -waa-that she-knewtho
day and hour when she waa to die, and
her white soul winged its way to para
dise at the exact time she appointed.
Fifteen years later, when her body was
taken up, the coffin did not smell of the
odor1 of decay, but waa sweet with tho
unmistakable perfume of roses. In her
name many miracles have been wrought
here In Lima.' A blind boy got hi Sight
when .her picture was laid upon his
' face. A cripple stepped upon a garment
of hers and he straightway threw down
his crutch. We of old Lima will ever
hold her sweet memory in reverence."
The venerable priest solemnly crossed
himself as he finished bis story of sweet
Saint . Rosa It waa now quite dark.
The evening . hours were wearing on.
Away off on some dlstantbllLav.beU-.waa
faintly ringing above the tumult of the
city. Life Is always best in old Lima
when the sun has gone over the moun
tains, 'and the stars ' are out Father
Francisco arose and gave me bis bless
ing. Being a man of Ood, he' continued
on his way . to the house of prayer, to
light his candles and say hia beads,
while I, being a young man Of the world,'
went over to the plaza to watch the sen
orltas pass and hear the .band play. .
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