The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, February 26, 1904, Page 4, Image 4

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    ' Editorial -f age off-TiEb . J.Eiriaa!l
PORTLAND,' OREGON
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 26. 1904
THE OREGON DAILY:
AN
C S. JACKSON
r"blishsd every evening (except Sunday) at The Journal Building, lift
THE PRESIDENT AND THE
OFFICIALS.
A ND WHAT of Roosevelt, this ramping, raging cham
l pion of popular rights, this hero In khaki who
hurls defiance into the very teeth of Intrenched
plutocracy and dares it do Its very worst and deadliest?
- la it possible that he. too, is falling from his proud estate,
that listening to the soothing voice of high ambition the
raging torrent of his passionate nature is magically quelled
and the crafty politician finds his way through the weak
. . ... ' ...... Li- i.kk.J d..UI?
spots in tne armor oi am ruuMmutu
Every one In Oregon knows the story. It was a case of
,.'.. ,. ri.,. iuitium.tita at Rnsphnrsr. inslenlflcant
inu 1IVA 1 1 1 v. t; itumvuwujiviim v ' - w
' enough In themselves but. as It happened, Involving prin
ciples that reached down deep Into the fundamentals. The
register and receiver had both been appointed through the
Influence of a great land syndicate which had had and
would continue to have vast dealings with the land office.
One of the two federal officials was a brother of the head
of this great corporation and himself occupied the position
of secretary or the company. If there wasethtegrtrth
'whole question, and there seems to be Very' much more,
than the matter of appearances, the appointment would
neither have been wise nor warranted. There were many
objections raised to It and protests filed. The secretary of
the Interior who, whatever else may be said of him, stands
for honest and high class service. Instituted a searching
Investigation. On the strength of It both men were re
moved. This action was promptly sustained and' ap
proved by the president
But meantime the Influence of practical politicians was
brought to bear. The Booth-Kelly company plays a fine
hand In Oregon politics; It was barely possible that prop
erly aroused and all Its agencies set to work, it would
have considerably more than an appreciable effect upon
an election result. It Is manifestly a realisation of this
that gave the president pause and finally caused him to
override the decision of the secretary. Our Washington
correspondent assures us that both officials will be rein
stated; and that this course has been definitely determined
upon. " , ,
And thus we ask why the rampaging, militant hand of
our strenuous president Is palsied In this emergency? If
he proves himself "amenable" to Influences In Oregon, why
not elsewhere, and If the exigencies of his own election so
far override his original cold-blooded determination in one
ease.-why-not in- another ? Once overriden, where is t
going to stop and how much better for the public welfare
Is the roaring and Insatiable advocate of all that Is high
and holy in the public service than the veriest machine
politician when in the ultimate showdown both reach pre
cisely the same result?
-There are many features ef-the-presldenfe-ehftraeter
which we have admired and on occasion commended and
none has received heartier commendation than his sturdy
determlnatto nto do what was right no matter how power
ful the influences opposed to him. But it he can be jarred
loose through influences which can be exerted from Ore
gon how can he resist the blandishments of the powerful
combinations of the east which so persistently use the gov
.rnmpnf ' f n thai Ajn .ffffnn1lMm.iit9 . A n .4 hAin.
- .. . -v.. w " . .wwiuimireilll , A11U 1CJIlg.
"amenable" to those influences, as he has shewn himself
to be in this particular case, what becomes of his reputa
tion for high moral courage and sturdy honesty?
These are grave questions for the president to face, but
no less grave for the people who may expect to vote for
him next fall.
CONGRESS AND THE RURAL CARRIERS
nr
tHERE IS no branch of the public
1
; gress shows such determination to treat with per
sistent niggardliness as the rural mail dellverv
carriers. So long as the service remained a pure experi
ment upon a totally new line, it could not be expected that
the government would pay fancy salaries. But the service
Is no longer an experiment; it fills a long-felt want and it
brings, to the very door of the most neglected and least
considered of our population conveniences that add vastly
to the pleasure of their lives.
This being true It is no more than fair that the men who
perform the arduous duties should be decently paid. They
are under heavy expense in maintaining their own teams
and this does not appear to be taken into consideration
iu fixing the compensation to be paid to them. By the bill
before congress it is now proposed to increase their com
pensation 120 a year, but In making this Increase the car
riers will no longer be permitted to carry any express
packages or do any paper business. The little revenue
which they have received from these sources' is, as a mat
ter of fact, what all of them have chiefly to rely upon to
make both ends meet If it were not for these sources of
revenue reliable men could not be found
service. If the government wants to cut this oft it should
make the compensation adequate to warrant it. With the
new arrangement in force many of the
rawer tnan make by it, so that the increase in salary pro
vided by the bill Is more apparent than real.
This is the carriers' side of it, but there Is another side.
The service was Inaugurated for the benefit of those living
rmx oaoEv-ivcxx otjt-oit.
And the Clever Kan Who Saw it if as
Properly Advertised.
From the Judicious Advertising Maga-
slnt. ....
' One ot the most successful pieces of
railroad advertising done .for a long
time was that performed when the
Ogden-Lucln "Cut-Off" was formally
opened and dedicated by E. It Harri
tnan and a distinguished party of rail
road men Including flvs presidents, rep
resenting eight or ten railroads. As
compared with the ordinary methods of
advertising, thla achievement in positive
results stands out distinct. A train of
ten special cars with every desirable
convenience and accommodation waa
provided, one car being practically set
part for a party of newspaper men un
der the escort of Alfred Darlow, adver
tising agent of the Union Pacific. This
party consisted of a special correspond
ent of the Associated Press represent
ing his 2.700 dally papers, a special
Berlpps - McRae correspondent three
other special correspondents with long
strings of papers, and several additional
correspondents picked up en route. The
trip consumed five days, the special train
.going as far west at Reno. Every pos
sible opportunity was afforded for giv
ing the newspaper men full details ot
the development of the great overland
route. If the value of, advertising de
pends on the number of people it reaches
this was a stupendous success for every
metropolitan dally newspaper in the
country . was represented and most, it
not all, of . them 'gave unusually large
paoe to this Matter., tang stories were
sent out by wire, longer ones by mall In
the shape of features and Illustrated,
and how long they wilt continue to fol
low would be difficult to tel. The
mount of matter, however, should not,
tre allowed to shut, out the. considera
tion of the character of It As a mat
INDEPENDENT NBW8PAPEK
PUBLISHED BY JOURNAL PUBLISHING CO.
OFFICIAL. PAPER OP THE CITY OP
ROSEBURG
in isolated sections
service vastly convenient not alone because of the prompt
ness with which their mail reaches them, but for the fur
ther reason that through the carriers they have a chance to
send to town for things which otherwise would cost them
half or a whole day's time to get for themselves. This has
added vastly to the popularity of the system in the eyes of
the farmers and ranchers who were Intended to be ben
efited by It. They are even more Interested in maintaining
that feature of the work than the carriers themselves.
Sq far the system has given rise to no abuses, while on
the other hand it has proven vastly convenient to the peo
ple served. If the government wants to do the reasonable
and Just thing by the carriers it will give them the in
crease which the present bill calls for and let matters
otherwise stand as 'they arev
WE MUST HAVE CONTINUOUS APPROPRIATIONS.
WHILE MONET is freely lavished elsewhere and
r-while opportunities actually seem to he created
for -its continued expenditure, it is manifest
that Oregon will have to fight for every dollar which it
may hope to gain from congress for its perfectly legitimate
enterprises. It has itself spent mUch money which the
federal government should have spent In river and harbor
work and it has waited for years in patience for the be
ginning of work that while it meant much to the great re
gion of the Columbia river basin, meant equally much to
the commerce of the country.
The work at the mouth of the Columbia river has been
started and there is sufficient appropriation to continue It
for the present season. But at the end of that time it may
be left in whatever conditions (t happens to land without
hope for its continuance in the following year, which may
be the crucial year in its history. In much the same v.
has 'proceeded the work along the Columbia river. Appro
priations have come in dribs to do work which should be
undertaken, If at all, on a permanent and continuous scale.
The question of these
as a whole and not
other way can we
even improvements of such a nature as will be of much
practical benefit to our commerce.
The work proposed on the Celllo canal falls naturally and
logically under the head of continuing improvements.. In
this aspect it has been regarded by Ihehlef oJLlhe eni
gineering department The only obstacle in the way of a
commencement of the
pay for the right of way. The gordian knot was cut by the
state at the recent special session of the legislature when
$100,000 was appropriated for the purpose of buying the
right of way, and turning It oVer to the federal govern
ment without cost. Nc better evidence of the perfect good
faith of the state or Its belief in the enterprise could have
been afforded. The work itself will occupy several years
in its completion. Under the best of circumstances it could
not be completed within five years. This being true and
the state having done what was demanded, and rather un
justly, too as Its share, the whole matter should be put
upon a permanent basis, the engineers' estimates accepted
arid an appropriation for Its continuance regularly inserted
in the? sundry civil bill. '
Much )s expected from the delegation in congress in this
respect this year. There is no good reason why the mat
ter of river and harbor appropriations, particularly where
they concern the
wont on me coiumDia river, snouid not be put upon a
permanent basis under which the work may be intelligently
prosecuted and brought as speedily as possible to a con
summation. By the results of their efforts in this direction
wilt their work at this session of congress be largely
Judged. t I
service which con-!
, NEWS AND SPECULATION. '
T IS already manifest that it will not do to place too
much reliance, even on so-called official news', which
comes to the world by way of St. Petersburg. The
same is quite true ol that which bears a Paris date line;
It always needs verification before one may be sure of Its
probable truth. On the other hand news which comes
from London may usually be expected to have a Japanese
flavor to It. With these things in view one is not apt to
be swept off his feet either by reports of great Japanese
or great Russian victories. A notable Illustration was
contained in the first dispatches sent out from St. Peters
burg claiming a great Russian victory at Port Arthur.
When it all simmered down it was quite apparent that if
the Japanese effort had failed, there was involved in it
neither great loss of life or property, not a single battle
ship or even torpedo boat.
The Japanese are exercising the most rigid censorship
ever imposed. They are determined that the scope of
their purposes will not become the property of the world
until such time as they are within sight of consummation.
Precisely what they are now attempting to do Is little
more than a matter of speculation, more or less intelligent.
But the time seems close at hand when there will be some
developments which will be worth while, from the stand
point of the newspaper readers.
to continue the
carriers would lose,
ter of fact, all stories were run In the
moat favorable manner possible. Few
readers In the United States could well
scape perusing these stories. The
number of papers in this case la unlim
ited. The extra expense Incurred by the
Harriman interests in taking these news,
paper men on the trip was Infinitesimal
aa compared with the results obtained.
It should not be forgotten that the mat
ter found its way not only into the
columns of the dally papers, large and
small, but Into the weeklies and month
lies and patent lnaides, probably as
many as four thousand publications in
all. It is alno to be remembered that
the camera played a prominent part In
the general scheme by vivid and Inter
esting photographs which riveted at
tention. This is not the first time Mr. Darlow
has scored a success of this kind. In
101 he engineered and carried to com
pletion one of the most remarkable ex
cursions ever given in this country. By
stupendous engineering achievements
the Union Pacific has reduced grades,
straightened curves and reconstructed
tracks on the Wyoming division costing
$15,000,000. All this was successfully ex
ploited and a rich harvest of advertising
reaped for his road.
In Ksi Mr. Darlow led an expedition
of scientists from various colleges, uni
versities -and museums of the United
States, through, the fossil fields of Wy
oming, along the Union Pacific. As a
result such men as the late Wilbur C.
Knight, professor of geology and mill
ing in the University of Wyoming, and
Charles Shuchert of the United State
National museum, lent the facility of
their scientific pens to the exploitation
of, the resources of this maiden country,
so wondrously pregnant with the phe
nomena of nature not forgetting to ex
ploit the wonder of the great overland
route. Books a'nd pamphlets live as
mementoes and tributes to the rare di
plomacy of this ingenious undertaking.
JOURNAL
JNO. P. CARROLL
and Yamhill streets. Portland, Oregon.
PORTLAND
of the country. They have found the
improvements should be considered
segregated Into sections, for In no
hope to get permanent Improvements or
work was the question of who should
contemplated and actually progressing
A Protest from the Other Bide.
Portland, Or.. Feb. 24. To the Editor
of The Journal: A half-doxen of us,
all citizens of Portland, who took claims
under the stone and timber act years
ago, and 'who as yet have not received
patents to our land, are trying in a
modest way to obtain fair play and jus
tice, and we need the aid of your paper.
We have started a list of charter mem
bers for a protective association. We
feel that at last we must rebel against
being pointed out as rogues and rascals
and held In suspense for years. We
have looked over the records of one land
office and find over 5,000 men and women
alone who put up $400 each, and we are
sure that there are about 10,000 men
at least who have $4,000,000 tied up,
and we don't know when we will get
title or be refused title, thus $50,000 a
year Is lost in Interest alone to us
We all have our stories of injustice
heaped on our heads. We are counting
on The Journal backing us up and giv
ing this cry of distress the publicity
that Will attract our servants, the con.
gressmen, and which will cause a wide
spread Interest. We cannot believe that
the mere rulings of a department can
be held over the clear wording of the
law, and we plan to take immediate ac
tion toward obtaining what is our due.
Our ambitions are large. We want
headquarters and legal help. We want
every clalmowner to write to The Jour
nal and tell his own story of injustice,
so your valuable paper wilt see fit to
champion our cause and thus bring suc
cess to our efforts. Yours truly
S. E. PREEN,' 12$ Corbett St..
. . One of Committeemen.
LETTERS FROM THE PEOPLE I
Oregon Sidelights
Drain is rejoicing in a new noise in
that town, that of a new sawmill's
whistle and buzz. , .
.. Oregon is growing all over, Stayton
Is to have a new stone building and a
new bank therein. -
The Salem Journal urges the thorough
cleaning of. that city this spring. This
is good advice in any city.
Lostlne, wallow county, is now a
"dry" town, and soma people therein and
thereabouts feel Jost In it. t
Jacksonville putting on new youth
ana vigor, one sign or, wnicn is mat it
Is to have train service three times a
A Dlxonvllle, Douglas county, man
harvested 10 tons of carrots from less
than half an acre and sold them for 110
a ton. The sure gold mine is a carrot
paten. . '
Many million young salmon have late
ly been turned loose from hatcheries
into Oregon streams. Come back, nloo
little fellows, when well grown; we will
give you a warm welcome.
Eastern Oregon cattle are becoming
more frisky; not only have they -en
joyed a mild winter, but they are look
ing up--in prlce-and aeverar eastern
buyers are looking them up, and their
owners. . .
The Blue Mountain Eagle says the
county seat question "Is stirring up a
hornet's nest all over Grant county."
Must be rather rough on the hornets,
up there in the high hills, this time of
year.
An Astoria man who was swindled Out
of $10 by cashing a worthless check
refused, on the money - being refunded
by the swindler, who had been arrested,
to prosecute him; and the next' day an
other man was defrauded by the same
operator In the same way. Moral: There
should be no compromises of this sort
Still LaQrande Is trying to become
the county seat of Union county. Pe
titions signed by over 2,000 voters have
been filed asking for a vote on the ques
tion at the June election. LaQrande Is
the largest and in a business way the
most Important town in the county,, but
Unlod is nicely located, and naturally
wants to retain the plum tree that has
stood 'there so long.
Baker City has a Chinese "noodle
Joint." patronised not only by dis
reputable men and women, but, the
Democrat says, by seme of the best peo
ple ot the city, and, what Is worse, by
boys rangtng in age from 10 to IS years.
It Is alleged that the "noodle" is im
pregnated with "dope" and that the
thrifty Chinaman who operates the
"Joint" Is getting rich.
In- some places the peoplehave
trouble over the saloon or liquor ques
tion, but in Hood river valley the prin
cipal trouble lately has been over
water, between a water company and
farmers and horticulturallsts who need
water for irrigation and other pur
poses; but the difficulty has now been
adjusted, and the people of that re
markably rich and prosperous valley are
now happy again. " " . " "
The Medford Twlce-a-Week properly
urges southern Oregon orchardlsts to
prepare to spray their trees and bushes
soon, particularly against that worst of
fruit-tree pests, the Ban Jose scale,
which is still prevalent there. It is gen
erally known and admitted that the one
remedy for the fruit pest evil Is fre
quent , spraying. Thererore. orchard
lsts, say together, '.et us spray" and
then do it
Suicide is rare among Indiana, but a
Umatilla Indian. Jim Joshua, the sec
ond Indian of that reservation to kill
himself, committed suicide Monday, by
shooting himself with a rifle bullet. Ac
cording to the East Oregonian he was
sober, intelligent and honest, and well-to-do,
having 200 acres of good land;
also a wife and three daughters, with
whom he had lived happily till lately;
but it Is supposed that as in the case
of Innumerable white families, domestic
troubles arose, which caused the trag
edy. Tax gcxrurci or JusrwszirTOQTjrr
From the Baltimore American
He'd dabbled in lore of the wise gone be
fore. He'd read all the books that had come
In his way;
He'd studied the sages of long buried
ages.
As well as the erudite minds of today.
He'd name In a minute each book (and
what'a In It) -
That e'er had attracted attention a tlt;
oui une iuri oi xnowieoge i us caught
' in no college)
He knew not the science of Justwhen-
toqult.
He'd talk you distracted on plays that
were acted
In days of old Shakespeare or earlier
Still;
He'd talk you to slumber on Pompellan
lumber,
He'd talk off your arm on the Panama
bill;
He'd iell ta the letter w blch system was
better.
Joe Chamberlain's scheme or free trade,
where they spilt;
But yet you are sad in chasing each
fad that
He's mastered, he's lacking on Justwhen
toqult. If men of his temper Xwe have them
. sio semped)
Were builders of houses, each dwelling
would fall;
They'd keep right on stacking new stor
, , les, though lacking
The solid foundation to hold them
at all.
In every profession are men In pos
session Of wisdom galore, though they haven't
a bit
Of that prime essential of men influen
tial 4
A grasp of the science of Justwhento-
quic .
Take then, for example, those duffers
who trample
The lowermost rung from the ladder of
fame;
Watch those who In trying keep bitterly
crying
That luck, and not skill give the victor
his name;
Learn welt In beginning the secret of
winning
Is not the vagary called luck not
a bit: ; - -
But Just the assumption of common
place gUmption
A grasp of the science called Justwhen-
toqult. - ' - .
Sure morose Destroyer.
From the Chicago News.
If tnstesd of boiling your water you
will drop $400 worth of radium Into a
glass of It the microbes will have press
ing Invitations to attend ;. their own
funerals. i
THE DIG RUSSIAN ARMY
' From the Chicago Tribune. ;
The wages of a common soldier in the
regular .array of Russia do not amount
to more than 1 cent a day, though his
food, clothing and equipment are pro
vided by the government. His regular
auowance for spending money for all
purposes is Just a little more than a
ruble, a year, but extras of various kinds
bring the grand total up to a little less
than $4. This sum is supposed to cover
all his expenditures for tobacco, spirits
ana luxuries or every kind. The enlisted
men in the United States army are oald
more than three times that amount per
raonm, or aoout Xorty times as much
per year. When it is considered how
little the Russian private has to spend
it is easy to see why he should be eager
and quick "on the loot."
- The Russian officers are paid a little
better, but not so much so as to cause
any particular gasping for breath, A
Russian lieutenant gets about $200 a
year, a captain about $300, and a major
M&w. it, will be seen, therefore, that
such of the Russian officers as have
not private means or do not 'obtain
financial . assistance from some outside
source, are forced to live In a condition
not far removed from actual poverty. A
new uniform to a man who depends on
nis pay is quite impossible. As a mat
ter of fact, almost all the higher officers
come from more or less wealthy fami
lies, ana ir they marry they are sup
posed' to select only rich girls as wives.
TheTBosrs"toaishifir strength of the
Kussian army Is m its cavalry branch
The agricultural department at Wash'
ington estimates that in all the world
there are about $$,000,000 horses. The
Russian empire alone has $0,000,000
horses, or nearly half of the grand total.
In the regular army of the csar there
are no less than half a million horses.
and thla number in time of war might
oe easily eoubieo. How valuable this
vast cavalry force may be m the far
east may be questioned, for allowing
to eacn norse a dally ratten of 25 pounds
of fodder and taking it for granted that
Manchuria and the adjacent provinces
raise little that might be used for horse
food, it is hard to see how any large
number of horses can be permanently
maintained at the far end of a single
track railroad, more than 5.000 miles
long.
In the Russian cavalry, of course, the
most picturesque corps is that of the
Cossacks. The Cossacks are really pro
fessional soldiers. They almost live on
horseback, and are the only horsemen
in the world who equal the rough riders
of the far western states in feats of
horsemanship. They come from about
the Black sea. and out of a total popu
lation of 3,000,000 furnish 150,000 men
for the imperial army. The horses and
uniforms of the Cossacks are furnished
by-the various Cossack tribal communi
ties, and in camp the curious tribal signs
bang over the entrance to the quarters
of each regiment In active service the
Cossacks are the eyes and ears of the
Russian army. They are the scouts.
the pathfinders, the couriers, and order
lies when desperate and dangerous work
is to be doner They are much more !
dependent than the common soldiers of
the army, and are also treated with
much mora consideration by the mili
tary authorities.
The Cossacks are armed with rifles.
without bayonets, with swords, without
guards, and the men in the front ranks
In each company also carry lances.
They take great care of their horses,
and are esteemed as among the most
daring, tireless and relentless soldiers
in tbe world.
a xxxrastAirsi ornrxov.
Iklaks the Vsited kttgates Kas Oonunltted
a Crreat Blonder.
Michael Davltt, the celebrated Irish
statesman, writes as follows for the
Hearst papers: ' r
There are a few . considerations that
are for the moment lost sight of in the
public eagerness for sensational war
news, which will demand the most seri
ous thought and reflection in this coun
try before the conflict precipitated by
Japan is brought to a close. Possibly
you may allow me to draw -attention to
some of these In your columns.
Already the' United States hse been
Induced to commit a diplomatic and tac
tical blunder. In the partisan line taken
by her press and In tbe more or less
friendly purport ot Mr. Hay's note, she
has atl but departed from a professed
attitude of strict , neutrality. This, at
least Is the impression created In Rus
sia, and the result is to beget there,
for 'the first time In your history, a feel
ing of resentment against your republic,
which may lead to complications f the
most momentous character.
To ask what you have gained by the
needless affront offered to a great and
friendly power, Is a question that
answers itself. You have gained noth
ing but what is, I hope, only a momen
tary feeling of justifiable anger at your
unexpected partisanship for a yellow
nation which has farced this war to an
Issue, regardless of the appalling re
sults that may eventuate to civilised
manhood should a conflict thus deliber
ately challenged, ultimately involve
other powers in a general conflagration.
The English press gloats over your
apparent pronounced sympathy with the
Japanese. There is a sinister and ob
vious object in this British Jubilation.
It 1 meant to convince Russia, that
you are a potential ally ot Oreat Britain
in any development of the war that
may compel her to defend her Indian
frontiers should Russia resent the ac
tive encouragement tbe English are
rendering to their yellow ally, by a
demonstration against the British force
now entangled in the mountain passes
on the road from British India to Thibet
Let us assume that Russia is, rightly
or wrongly, convinced that you have
tacitly taken sides against her.'. This
feeling will compel her to take meas
ures of preparation and precaution that
would not now be necessary on her part
It must influence her plana, in a great
measure as to the moving of her land
and sea forces from Europe to the pres
ent field of operations.
In other words, it is possible that this
belief in your unfriendliness may drive
Russia into acts that might light the
baleful fires of general . warfare over
the whole of Europe, as well as of Asia.
May I, respectfully, . ask where your
compensation would come from in this
dreaded eventuality T Are you prepared
to enter a combination with England
and Japan against every great European
power? , .. ' y
Recollect that England can have no
European ally with her In her selfish
nd unprincipled game of pushing her
Japanese ally into a deadly struggle
with t.,e mighty Muscovite rival who
menaces the existence of the British In
dian empire. . Germany and France are
far more likely . to side with . Russia
than with England should the latter na
tion offer open , aid to Japan. Their
Interests would lie in that direction,
rather than with, tbe possible counter
combination. '
What land force could be shipped
across seas by England, the t. United
States and Japan. in the event of such
an alliance, that could posalbly hope
to successfully, contend against the
The predominant and "characteristic
color In the uniforms of the Russian
army is dark green. The infantry .wear
double-breasted blouses and knicker
bockers of that color. The footguards
and grenadiers have blight colored P'P'
lnaa and facings on their green coats,
Some of the lancers wear blue, and the
czar's hussars are brilliant in scarlet
The Cossacks wear mostly dark blue, or
green. But the general effect the pre
vailing tone, is dark green, except in the
hot months, when, white Is the leading
note. - -
As to equipment, a Russian infantry
man carries $0 rounds, of ammunition
In his belt, 80 more rounds in a bando
lier hung over his left shoulder under
neath his great coat which is carried
there done up In a roll, and a final re
serve supply of ammunition, consisting
of 80 rounds, carried in a poucn wnicn
hangs from a strap running over the
left shoulder and attached ' to the belt,
From the right shoulder is suspended
his waterproof kit bag, and on the top
of the kit bag is an aluminum water
bottle holding a pint ana a flair., xo tne
great coats strapped a pair of boots
and an aluminum mess dish, Besides
this every six men carry among them
the materials for a tent ' which will
properly shelter them, so that it may
easily be seen that the Russian soiaier
is considerable of a weight carrier,.
- The medioal and surgical departments
of the Russian army are finely de
veloped. There are six large and more
than 800 smaller hospitals regularly
connected, with the army, besides a much
largor number of smaller lasarettos.
There are more than 8,000 surgeons in
the army on a peace footing, and. most
of them are men of advanced training
and. high standing In their profession.
The hospitals and surgeons in charge
are supplied by the state with the latest
and most Improved apparatus for carry
ing on their work In the best possible
manner during the necessary inoon
veniences and hardships of an active
campaign. The drugs for medical use
are prepared for the army medical da
partment in the form of tabloids, with
the . active principles accurately dosed
and put up by the latest machinery, and
the bandages and dressings are prepared
and sent out in sterilised bundles from
the state factories, which are the ad'
miration of all the medical men who
have seen them.
Thn nrittint ttniilan armv aa am
organisation, la nnlv ahnut SO vaaxa nM
It was established by the imperial
ukase or January, 1874, by which the
whole male population of the empire,
with the excanHun nf certain mitlvlna
districts, is made liable to military ser
vice, irom tne Beginning of tne twenty
first to' the end of the forty-third year.
Of. this time, the flrat flva vaara ana
spent In the standing army and the re
mainder in tne mnitia, in every year
there are more than a million recruits
reach the nf mllltarv nwu fi,.
law makes many exceptions among those
wiiu ere uBuie to service, ana in ordin
ary years not more than a quarter of a
million, and. nerhana tint that
actually join, the colors, the rest going
uireuuy imp me mnitia. - Education Is
one of the qualities which cut down the
length ot service. According to the de
gree of education which he possesses a
juuiig man may nave nis term of ac
tual military service reduced to three,
tWfl. fir MM Ima va T. 4. iwi.
class that most of the officers ip' the
reserve corps or mnitia, are drawn.
three greatest military natlona of the
world? These three powers could. If
necessary, send 8.000,000 trained soldiers
overland, to clear the British out of
Egypt and India, en route for the scene
of some titanlo encounter in China
which would forever decide the fate of
that much-coveted empire and market
A moment's serious reflection will
convince any well-informed American
mtnd how Impossible it would be for
Japan and her two allies to fight a land
war ot this glgantlo dimension with
any hope of success.
But success or failure, what would
such a struggle mean to the commerce
and destinies of civilised mankind, in
cluding those of the United States?
Let us imagine for a moment the tri
umph of the Japanese with the aid of
Oreat Britain and the United States.
The Japanese would be the main factor
in the conflict They are nearest the
scene of the encounter and would place
more men In the field than their two
allies combined. , The glory of the vic
tory would be hers, in eastern minds
and imagination. Her prestige .would
become- enormous, and China could not
and would not stand as an independent
empire or long against the domination
of a power that had succeeded in beating
a mighty antagonist like Russia.
What, may I ask, in such an event,
would bar the way to the organisation
and development of the 8S0.000.000 of the
kindred Chinese race? Japanese skill
and administration would build up a yel
low nation ' greater than any of the
colossal empires known in human his
wiry,
S
nnxzi An mi roumos.
Prom the Kansas City Star.
Senator Burton, in his demurrer in the
United States district court at St. Louis,
makes a fine ethical distinction between
a snitch operating on his own account
and "V snitch operating as a United
States senator. This process of reason
ing need not be followed by the distin
guished body of which Burton is a mem
ber, unless it desires to be placed lii
the light of giving Its sanction to graft
ing and disreputable pettifoggery.
The proof that Burton dishonored his
profession as an attorney is so clear thai
he himself does not attempt to deny
that he accepted fees In the sum of
$2,600 from a fraudulent get-rlch-qulk
concern, , operating in violation of the
federal postal laws. He sets up the
lame and flimsy contention that the In
terest of the United States in the affair
was. limited to the issuance of an order
to prohibit the transmission of mail to
and from the company, , and that -"no
question of governmental Interest or
policy was Involved.", ,
That sort of an argument may Justify
the act of Burton to the man capable
of performing It, and it is possible that
it may be accepted by the United States
senate, but it wUt not stand the test
of public opinion. ) The whole business
was venal and unbecoming any lawyer
In private life with the least particle
of professional pride and self-respect
It . was flagrant enough to precipitate
the admission in -Kansas Where Burton
was known for just what he is before
his election--that he Is "finished" since
he has been exposed, and -the United
States senate certainly cannot afford
to do less than to follow the lead of
Burton's own constituents, and repudi
ate him.. ..... . .. ,.i lj-.'.-. .,.-
The Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde theory
of politics Is what is going to ruin the
United States of America unless the
honest people of ' the republic punish
with political banishment as well as
with social ostracism all who attempt
to practice it An axiom that should
be inscribed "on the bells of the horsfcs"
Is that no private knars can be trusted
as a publto servant i , .
SmaU Change
China, to Secretary Hay's note: "No
SabS." . .. , .y.-::. , ...vVV- ,
The map maker ; may have a new
job before very long. , ? ,
Powie "must realise In Australia that
he is far away from the model "Zlon,"
If any Oregon farmers have bed any
"May wheat" lately, they .should bs
"happy as the flowers in May."
Some Panamanians are ; dissatisfied.
Not es many offices have been created
as there are adult males. -
Portland Democrats seem determined
not to imitate the Republicans in hav
ing a row among themselves,
'.' 111. .r:: ii; -f;-; :l
.The white paper trust should be ren
dered black and blue, metaphorically, by
blows, from swindled customers.
; Some Russian1 names don't afford the
funnygraphers any opportunity- Harbin,
Dalny. and Port Arthur, for example.
Ko only Sellwood, but other portions
of the city, will rejoice' if it shall be
decided to rebuild the woolen mills
there. .' ' '. '.; . ...
The Japs have reaped the disastrous
reward , of over-confldence bred' by their
first successes, and will go slower hereafter.-..
' r
The principle on which some news
papers are conducted Is to try to ridi
cule everybody who doesn't quite agree
with , the proprietors.
. Old Spain preparing for war Is some
thing - like John L. Sullivan training
for a prise fight It Is time for both
to "do works meet for repentance."
When the question. Who is respon
sible for fur-thief Kelley's release Is
asked, several officials point at one an
other. It's always "the other boy" that
did the mischief.'
Many people are disposed to look with
leniency, it not approval, upon the per
formances of young Larkln Flannlgan
in swindling gambling clubs. Yet It
remains true that stealing from a gam
bling boss by bogus checks is unlaw
ful. In a practical sense that gambling
is not
Don't growl about the rain. Taking
it the year through. It never rains too
much in this part of Oregon. The more
rainy days there are now. the less there
will be later. A year ago now clouds
of dust were flying, and the present
growlers wnmea ror rain na got it in
July and August How would you have
liked to be "back east" this winter?
A great and clearly manifest wrong
has been perpetrated upon the settlers
upon lanas now juaicuuiy awaraea to
the Northern Pacific railroad. Will a
great and nrofeasedlv lust nivuitmcnt
right that j wrong? And will it do so
with all practicable promptness? Prob
ably not. Yet this is a plain and press
ing duty.,
Commander Booth-Tucker wants the
government to loan 160,000,000 to set
tlers that the Salvation army desires to
place on arid but Irrigable land. The
proposition may not be "constitutional,"
oui me government na spent minjr a
$60,000,000 In less useful ways. It is a
"great scheme." an honest and a right
eous one, and deserves favorable con
sideration. A boy of IT and a girl of II were
recently married in Spokane. There's
one chance in -many that the children
may agree and prosper, and get along
together with an average amount qf
wedded happiness; but it is to bs hoped
that the one in many chances wins.
thnnrh anoti fnllv Aom not encourage
such a hope. $
Salem' Journal: Is it wise? Is it
right? Is it necessary? What? To
carry the Multnomah county factional
light into Marlon county? What has the
party to gain by injecting factionalism
into the interior counties?
Tillamook Headlight: As there ap
pears to be indications that all the
countlea in the First congressional dis
trict will have a favored son to nomin
ate at the next convention,' it will be
in order for the Headlight to nominate
B. L. Eddy, ' so that Tillamook county
can be represented in the grand politi
cal shuffle tor congressional honors. If
Harris was the speaker of the laat
house, and obtained that honor by the
courtesy of the gentleman from Tilla
mook, Mr. Eddy was recognised the
leader on the floor of the house during
the last two state legislatures, an honor
which he obtained by his own ability
and force of character, and which en
titles him to the congressional honors
ir me convention maacs any cnange in
congressman.
. Salem Statesman: The Oregon Demo
crats are talking Hearst tits Hugh Lee
and others but not a word for Cleveland.
The Statesman, If. yielding to a partisan
impulse, would desire to see the Democ
racy nominate its weakest man, but
since no man whom it may select tbti
beat one side of Roosevelt, It makes no
difference to the Republicans. And yet
being our brothers in political warfare
Whom we like, it Is not possible to
affect an air of indifference to their mis
directed, 'or . rather, undirected wander
ings in' tho uncharted field of supposed
eligible candidates. So, with this
friendly feeling predominant, we cannot
suppress the Inquiry as to what objec
tion nny Oregon Democrat can have to
the nomination of ,- Orover Cleveland.
He was their only winning candidate
for 50 years, while Bryan has led thern
to defeat twice in eight years, snd yet
they appear to detest Cleveland and to
listen to Bryan. If there Is any sin
cerity In the universal Democratic ad
mission that free silver Is dead, what
objectton can any Democrat have to
Cleveland? ,
BAVXBX TXB TOT KSTOL.
An Ohio legislator, having Introduced
a drastlo bill prohibiting the manufac
ture and sals of the deadly toy pistol
and dangerous explosives, the Cleveland
Leader truthfully says:
mis measure provides a sweeping
and radical remedy for a great and grow
ing evil. The toy pistol and the cannon
cracker claim 'their victims by the hun
dred In all parts of the country at each
recurring Fourth ot July. In this city
last summer, nearly a score of persons
died of lockjaw due directly to wounds
produced by those explosives, snd scores
of other wounds were Inflicted i which
put the Victims In peril that was only
averted by the prompt and efficient aid
of surgical skill.
There should be no Question tn tha
action of the legislature with respect to
tnis Din. ir any otner evil of like pro
portions called for correction: the ac
tion of the lawmakers would .be prompt
and effective. . .
POLITICAL POINTERS
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