The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, February 22, 1904, Page 9, Image 9

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The Consular Service and Cocoa
V : Raising in Ecuador
' (By Fredwle J. Hisktn, Special Correspondent of The Journal.) -
i Guayaquil, Ecuador, Jan. . It would
seem that Guayaquil . deserves,' to ,ba
rilrknamed "the ever port.! 6n ac
count of the ravages of this disease the
United States government, has had -three
different consular-: representatives here
Inside of 12 months. Nast died of
fever, ' Sawter gave up the place on
account. Of being afraid of it and now
Dietrich, a Missouri editor, is holding
down the job. Along with his consular
duties,'' he- is posting himself on the
science of escaping f eyer, or of getting
oft easy if ha iias it. - , v,
Sawter'a Quick ltreat. :
The natives' thought it was a good
joke when Sawter backed out, but there
are other people who thlnlc it -was the
smartest thing he ever did In his life.
Guayaquil is not jnvlting at its best,
and Sawter struck it at a particularly
bad time. It was not long after the last
big tire, and on peculiarity o these
conflagrations is ; that an epidemic of
rever always follows them, jsvery
week for months there had been from
40 to 9U deaths In the town. That fast
was not comforting to say the least
Jones, the vice-consul,' arranged the re
ception for. the new consul. He greeted
him warmly and took him at once to his
quarters-Jhs place ' where -t Nast ., had
died. The deceased consul's empty ham
mock ' was swinging across the room,
his coat hung upon the wall, and his
slippers were in the corner.
Sawter knew when he started that,
figuratively speaking, he was to take
a dead man's boots, but ail this grew
some detail was too much for him. it
is not to be wondered at that a shiver
ran up his 'spine. Jones, the vice
consul, draws the regular consular
salary" when there Is no one In office,
and, with an eye to business, he saw
that Sawter. was- weakening, and began
to talk gloomily. The new incumbent
was soon .inquiring about a return ticket
to New York. He held down the Job
just 'one-half day. A Guayaquil -poet
lias written some verses telling how
cute Jones was in scaring fBftwter out.
The latter may console-hlmself with the
thought that it is always best to make
a good, retreat, rather than a bad
stand. ' "
Unci Sam's Consuls. .
tn connection with this incident--it
will be timely to say that the average
American consul does not have an. easy
or desirable Job. The service has had a
peculiar history. - In the time ot Jeffer
son It was practically an honorary
work. Well-to-do landholders, or law
yers of promise, went abroad in ' the
tervice merely to acquire the experience
and the travel, practically paying their
way out of their own pockets. The
business' was hoi looked upon as a 'ca
reer. In those days American commer
cial Interests were not important enough
to warrant a trained consular corps, and
the whole effort of our government was
expended In organizing a diplomatic
service. Our diplomats have always
Klven a good account of themselves.
When the' tlmo came for organizing a
consular service, it was created out of
nothing. Men were sent to places on
the theory that some one should be sta
tioned there, but with no thought- to the
qualifications of the incumbents. It was
all a matter of' political patronage.
Prior to' 189B no examination was neces
sary at all. fr-rr -j"?' '
As a-revtlt' of thls-ctfeleBsntBS,. the
fitness ;of the men in our service, when
compared to those of other nations,
suffers by comparison. A young man
in ttw.A European, consular service first
serves as office clerk, then vice-consul,
and finally consul. Before he comes to
the helm, he MU have served on sev
eral stations, and know several lan
guages, and. will be familiar with all
shipping .laws and the books of the
consulate. , . Our representatives ' are
given 30 days' instruction In the state
department at - Washington, and dis
patched to their posts without ever
having looked Inside of the books they
are to handle. They have simply to get
along by main strength a hd awkward
ness, ; ' .. :
Coatrarjrto Union mole.
Some of our representatives are queer
cases, to say the least. In one place in
the West Indies,. which I, visited oh a
former trip, our consul is a colored
preacher,., who Is doing missionary work
in addition to his government duty. : On
certain evenings of each week he holds
forth in the role of apostle. It the
labor union flndsvlhis out, there will
doubtless be " trouble, .necause it is a
violation of its rules for a man to work
on two Jobs at once. The residents of
the black -republics and dependencies In
variably resent our sending a colored
man as consul. They claim that our
government is not controlled by negroes
and should not be represented by a man
of color.
The consular servlca has great need
of reform. No transportation expenses
are furnished our representatives either
to or from their posts, or for. the neces
sary trips they .must make over their
territory. One instance la on record
where a consul with a large family was
six months in paying the steamship
companies, thus putting - themselves
under obligations to the owners of the
ships they are , sent out to watch. -A
consul ha manytrying experiences. It
art American dies anywhere In his ter
ritory, leaving property, even if it is
r,o more than a book and a 10-cent piece,
he must become the. . curator of the
estate. He -must make many journeys
to get drunken, disorderly American
subjects out of Jail. On these trips,
mind you, the, consul must pay his own
expenses, and is ,ften roundly cussed
by"- his loyal constituents for being a
little late.
Reform BUI Should Vast.
The consular service is really a
branch of our government located in
a foreign land, and the whole system
should be such as wllj. reflect , credl
upon -our great -nation. - Our forelg i
commercial interests have become so
important that men trained In the werk
of looking "after them should be on
duty everywhere. During the last few
years a remarkable change has been
going on for the better. Many capable,
earnest men have been put in the field,
and all the old ones were not lncompe-.
tent by any means, far from it. Our
system of consular reports is already
very creditable. The Lodge bill, now
pending before congress, provides for
almost all desirable points of reform
necessary to put our service 'in the first
rank. It is approved by the president,
and many prominent members in both
branchev congress, as well as all
Americans who travel abroad, or- have
interests there:' The', most- enthusiastic
supporters , of the measure are the con
sular representaUtcs themselves, be-,
cause they are ambitious for the -standing
and effectiveness of their organiza
tion. It is - to be hoped that this bill
will eventually become a law.
The Some of Cocoa,
" Ecuador J is - a great -ocoa producing
country, and Guayaquil is the center of
the : industry. In the business district
all tajk canters upon the important
stapleof -commerce. - The buyers stand
around in groups, whittling the beans
with pocket knives, and chewing them
as many children : eat ...Candy. Every
one seems to . be an authority on
the subject. .' It '1s said that even the
dogs and cats. in. the-offices become ac
quainted .with the . various grades and
corrj to sleep" 'upon " a sack of cheap
quality. This may be crediting the
animals with powers of distinction be
yond their ' intelligence, but the people
of Ouayaqull know cocoa, as well at
those of Washington and Oregon know
lumber, or those of Pennsylvania under
stand coaL Ecuador ; produces 27 per
cent ol the world's supply of cocoa.
The season for shipping the main crop
extends from , February to June, And
during this time, steamers leaving the
port will carry from 10,000 to 15,000
bags, a single cargo often being worth
as much as $300,000. The sale of a sea
son's crop will . frequently amount to
5,000,00 or 16,000,000.
Cocoa thrives upon hot, moist soil,
which is frequently inundated, and for
this reason the moat desirable planta
tion are located along the banks of
the -streams, or In low districts back
of themrTha-xenter of the Industry
in- Ecuador ' is long the Guayas river,
extending for 160 miles inland . from
Guayaquil, and as far as 20 miles back
from the streams. The crop is trans
ported to : the river on ; mules, and
floated down to Guayaquil in boats. The
cocoa beans are the product of trees
about SO feet high. They grow in pods
about the size of a oocoanut, there being
about 10 beans as large as a filbert nut
In each pod. Each tree only yields one
pound of merchantable cocoa in a sea
son, and it does not begin to bear until
it is six years of age. But once it be
gins to bear it never wears out. At 20
years of age it yields a better quality
of fruit than, at first, and there Kre
trees on plantations . here which have
been yielding for 100 years. The trees
require .very , little care, the only at
tention needed being to . remove the
weeds and undergrowth from .around
The laborers .-Who work on the plan
tations are-paid 40 cents a day, and
they board themselves. Ecuador, has
eight millionaires, and It is a significant
fact that all of -. them are owners of
cocoa -plantations, and that . they art
natives of th ' country As yet the
foreigner .has- nott.been able to outdo
them in the business.
Serpents and aoorplons.
The crop of snakes never falls short
in Ecuador. The talk about them Is
almost as disturbing to the traveler's
peace of mind as the yellow fever
stories. The resident likes to tell
yarns in the presence of the new ar
rival. Just to see the "tenderfoot" wince.
Aside from the yarns, the unvarnished
truth is enough to make the wayfarer
uneasy. Not long ago a woman who
was a guest at the best hotel in Guaya
quil, was dozing in her hammock, when
she. was horrified to feel something
crawling beneath her clothes. She
screamed and sprang to her feet, but not
In time to save herself. It was a little
house serpent, and as soon as she moved
it burled its fangs iri the flesh of her
thigh. Her leg soon became terribly
swollen, and although her life was
raved, she had a very narrow escape
from death. 1
These little house serpents are very
numerous in some parts of South
America. In many of the coast towns,
'.To be a member of The Journal Juve
nile family one has-to show exceptional
merit. Several boys have won, the ""is.
ward of honor" In the cause of The
Journal. Hugh Klrkpatriclc of Lebanon
and Dean Goodman of Independence, now
of Pendleton, were the .first to demon
strate their ability In handling The Jour
nal and they are still doing exceptional
work in their respective fields for this
Now comes Guy H. Johnson with a
record of which any boy cbuld be proud.
Master Johnson,- aged - 1TV years-, se
cured the agency for The Journal at
Mill City and started "rustling" Jan
uary 4. Mill City has a population of
300 enterprising and intelligent people
and young Johnson has a carrier list of
45 Journals- at this time and has sent
In a number of mall subscriptions. He
Is making money for himself as well as
for The Journal, and other boys in other
places would do as well if they would
undertake the work with the same en
thusiasm and Intelligence. The Journal
wishes an agent in every small .town,
now without an agent, and solicit ap
plications from active boys. Master
Guy Johnson writes a bright and busi
nesslike letter, as follows:
Mill-City, Ors-Pebr-IT T the Edi
tor of The Journal As per your request,
I enclose my photograph. My age is 12
years. I have lived in Mill City eight
years. , '
Mill City has a population of about
300 Inhabitants. One , of your agents
requested me to take the agency of The
Oregon Daily Journal.-
J sold my first 10 copies on the 11th
: ti:
v ;
rsov or xxDDtsro tkx stats or
at the places or tobtotu:.
Six Free Trips
day of January last, and within four
weeks I was selling 41 copies a .day.
I go to school and I work noons and
evenings selling The Journal. The peo
ple realise that If they do not get The
journal they miss the latest news.
where there are adobe houses, they
breed lit the dirt roofs, and are liable
to be dropping into the rooms below
at any time. A missionary told me
that frequently he bad killed as many
as six or eight on his premises in a
week's time. The little reptiles like
the heat, and the flat roofs, where the
sun beats hard, is a favorite place for
them. - When, they ar . disturbed and
happen to fajl into the rooms below,
they make for the warmest place they
can find, and this is why they get into
beds, or shoes, or clothing. In the
barren districts, the snakes are dull
colored, like the surroundings, but In
tho forest regions they are as brilliantly
colored as the vegetation around them.
Tltecoral snake is one of the smallest-
members of the snake family. It
seldom grows to be larger or thicker
than a lead pencil. In addition to
being small, it also has the distinction
of being one of the most gorgeously
colored snakes In existence, and one
of the most deadly. A victim rarely
recovers ' from its bite. It has eye
lashes like a person. It makes the
tourist shudder, in addition to all the
above, to be told that one of its favor
ite retreats is between the covering
of beds. However, this species Is not
nearly so common as the-dull-colored
serpent that Uvea in the earth of the
adobe houses, and this is fortunate
because the latter is not so poisonous.
Scorpions are another source of dan
ger. They frequent the houses, and
their bite Is likely to be fatal. One
must be constantly on the lookout for
these obnoxious prowlers.
A Good Snake Story.
One of the best snake stories in cir
culation is that told by. A, L. M. Gott
schalk, the well-known American consul.
He found It difficult te keep a monkey
on the premises because of the depreda
tions of the boa-constrictors. The big
reptiles have a falling for monkeys, and
these agile little pets must keep a coh
stant lookout for them. If Jocko drops
into a doze he is likely to "wake up
dead." as the saying goes.
On the occasion with which the story
deals, a monkey's life was saved by the
picture of the American eagle. The con
sulate sign all over the world la a fine
reproduction of the king of-Jbirdsin full
color; and-with outspread wings. A new
sign had Just been received and was
sitting on a chair Inside the room. A
big boa-constrictor chased the house
monkey across the yard and through the
open window. Jocko was making a good
race, but a losing one. He was in the
corner, quaking with fear, and very
near to death's door, wtren'hts pursuer
confronted the picture of the eagle, in
its menacing attitude. A snake fears
eagles more than It craves monkeys,
and that particular reptile turned tall
and went out of the window as quickly
as if the devil was after it That
monkey was a smart monkey, and now
whenever it wants to .take a nap, It goes
to roost over the picture of the agle.
a. mew TBOHT.
sTtrowbrldg Faint and Oil Company Xas
a Mnr riate Glass rront
The Strowbrldge Paint and Oil Com
pany, east side, 128 Grand avenue, has
remodeled the front of their store.
putting in a glass plate front, giving
them two elegant show windows to die
play goods in. The change adds greatly
to the store, and the firm is Justly proud
of the arrangement.
The new wall paper for 1904 is coming
daily and every hew style and .design
to be found this year is to be- seen at
Strowbrldge Paint and Oil company.
Preferred Stock Canned Goods.
Allen Lewis' Best Brand.
(Juurml Special Service.)
Wilmington, Del.. Feb. 22. A sam
ple of Delaware Justice was meted out
Saturday morning when Warden A. B.
Meservo applied the lash to the bare"
hacks of a number of prisoners at the
New Castle county workhouse at Green
bank. nPar this city. The men took
their punishment well but owing to
the cold weather cringed as the lashes
rell. (Jreat red and blue welts made
their appi-arnnre upon euch stroke of the
cat o' nine tails.
One of the culprits was Walter Brown.
colored, who held up Samuel Congo, also
colored, last August and robbed him of
a sum of money. Brown and Purnell
Handy, another thug, together robbed a
Chinaman of $400. and while Handy has
a year to spend in the workhouse Brown
Is to be Warden Meserve'S guest three
On Saturday last Brown received 20
lashes and spent a half hour in pillory
m part payment of one of his" crimes.
Curious crowds always witness these
quarterly whippings which are held in
the jail yard and thrown open to the.
public. Conspicuous among, the vis
itors are actors from visiting theatrical
troupes. The crowds and prisoners
shiyer together though the latter wear
only a blanket about their shoulders
while awaiting their turn at the post.
Previous to the whipping several men
stood in 'pillory for an hour each, but
owing to the Intense cold blankets were
thrown over their shoulders.
As the thermometer registered 10 de
grees . below sero last Saturday pillory
punishment were executed In the engine
room of the workhouse. The warden
thought the weather too severe to expose
his patients.
. Many Are stoical,
Prisoners who are compelled by Dela
ware laws to undergo this form of pun
lshment often surprise the audience by
their coolness and apparent lack of suf
faring. Negroes take the lash much
easier than their white fellow unfortu
nates, many times bidding the warden
"Hurry up."
"You're slow," "How many more?'
and "Come on with the rest of 'em" are
not uncommon remarks. White men who
suffer the caress of the cat o' nine talis
in most cases cringe, dance around.
groan and often yell for mercy. Pillory
punishment always takes place before
the whippings, and it is while undergo
ing this cramping process prisoners jest
with friends who are present.
Tobacco seems to be the pUloryUes
greatest comforter, as each prisoner al
ways takes a huge chew before putting
his hands and head in the stocks.
At several sessions of the legislature
efforts Jiave ' been made to abolish the
whipping post, but the sentiment was
in its favor. This form of Delaware
justice practically frees the state of
bank robbers. The whip Is still used for
burglary, petty larceny and wife beating,
' Notice to Customers.
The 8cotch Plaid Tailors. No. 144
Sixth street, who are retiring from
business, are giving notice to their cus
tomers to call for their goods before
World's Fair
The Journal will send three boys and
three - girls, furnishing transportation,
including Pullman accommodations, and
expenses for a 14-days' trip to the '
world's fair at St. Louis, on the follow
ing conditions:
rtrst Condition. " " ?
The boy and girl In Portland seeur-
ing the greatest number of cash sub- .
scrlpflons to The Journal, each 10 cents
of subscription counting a point in thetr
favor,' will be entitled to the' first two
of the free trips.
Second Condition.
The boy and girl In any part of Ore-
gun, outside of Portland, securing the
greatest number of cash subscriptions
to The . Journal, each 10 cents of sub
scription counting a point in their favor.
will be entitled to the next two of the
free trips, ',
Third Condition.
The boy and girl in any part of the
northwest or the Paclfio coast, outside
of Oregon, securing the greatest num
ber of cash subscriptions to The Jour-'
nal, each 10 cents of subscription count
ing a point In their, favor, will be en
titled to the last two of the free trips.
roorta Condition.
j u sii inus mtyrn ana gins partici
pating in the contest, and not success
ful In securing' one of the free trips
to the St. Louis world's fair, 10 per
cent of the remittances of each con
testant for subscriptions 'to The Jour
nal win dc returned in me respective
contestant, as a reward for his or her
efforts in The Journal's behalf.
Those wishing to share in the benefits
of the offer must send in their names
and addresses, or call at the office of
The Journal, for such advertising mat
ter aa may be issued.
Subscriptions to the. Dally, Weekly or
Semi-Weekly Journal will be. accepted
and credited under this offer.
This contest will close at 8 o'clock
p. m., on Tuesday, May 31. 1904, and
the names of the successful contestants
will be announced in The Journal aa
soon as the vote is canvassed, enabling
the successful boys and girls to receive
the benefits hereunder between Juns S
and the close of the world's fair.
Enter tba Contest at Onea ths
Time Is Limited, and Oppor
t unity Knocks at Your Door.
You May Win.
ine aium uai okecon.
Wednesday. On that day a big sale of
uncalled for overcoats, suits and pants
begins. Portlanders are about to en-'
Joy an offering seldom made in clothing
circles. Every one knows the stock of
the Scotch Plaid Tailors is hard to beat,
and a sale of their goods means buyers
are to secure good goods at small prices.
Your hard earned dollars will do more at this store than at most others. One dollar a week, some-.
times not that much, only is required to keep up your payments on a great many articles in this
store. And your common sense will tell you that it is the easiest and most satisfactory way in
which to make your home comfortable or to "dress respectable. . We. claim, and with' right, that
our terms are the easiest and our prices the most moderate, and that our credit accommodation
absolutely cost nothing extra, a statement which a comparison of prices will easily prove to be true.
k- - te?e .... la
- I f
-- -1,, jsiSI 4 1
Ranges and Stoves
Of. ttiy most satisfactory giving
kind are shown hy us, andtJVbry
Range that we sell is guaranteed
to be perfect in every respect.
We claim for our Range, that it
is the best baker orvthe market
and that it is a perfect cook.
Price Without Reservoir $35
$1.00 AfWEEK
That we oarry the largest and best selected stock of room
sis Bugs in the oity and are in a position to fill all orders
on ' these goods promptly.
As large a ring of popular priced beds as we ars showing now has never
been on display before in this 'city. There' is not a color or a style that is not
represented. The most beautiful designs are her. And the prices ar right,
too. Iron, Beds likt illustration, mad very substantial with full angle-irons,
either in whit or in colors, brass knobs,
W received vral nw styles of buffet last
week and ar now showing a nic lin of ths
goods. Beautifully finished in workmanship, mad
of selected quartered oak and hand-polished.
Filled with fin French plat beveled mirrors.
On drawer lined for silverware. Priced so rea
sonable a to bring thm within the reach of all
Buffets $27.50 up. Sideboard $15 up.
Medium priced Rockers ar a specialty with us.
A class f goods that w know will giv satisfac
tion in vry respect. Th on w illustrat is
mad from selected oak tock, I firmly braced and
th vital part ar put together with screw. It
ha shaped seat and Is hand polished. . t.thar
wood or rubber seat, golden oak or mahogany
finish. As long as they last,
54.C3, SOc a v.ecK.