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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 19, 1904)
Editorial; Ip&ge . Us Journal
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 19. 1904
THE OREGON DAI L, YX JOURNAL
r AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER ,'.
C S. JACKSON
Published every evening (except
GOVERNMENT THERE; SETTLERS HERE
kHE DIFFERENCE In the colonization methods of
Russia and the United States
tr.-itPd in the' advances which
Manchuria. There the government was at the bottom of
everything. It gave the impulse to the movement and
stood back of the enterprise from start to finish. First
it advanced with Its railroad. Then it built divisions and
cities at Intervals, erected garrisons for its soldiers, Im
ported Its population. Its priests and Its officials, and set
them all up in business.
In the United States and the discussion receives added
interest from the approaching centenary celebration of
the Lewis and Clark expedition the first feeble Impulse
Alone came from the government. President Jefferson
sent out the expedition with what now seems a ludicrously
inadequate equipment. Were It not for the restless Ameri
can settler, no benefit would ever have flowed from it.
Scarcely anything was known about, the country for many
years afterward at the national seat of government, and
even less caVed about it. Even as late as the '40s the
leading men of affairs cared nothing about a. westward
boundary line that extended over the crest of the Rockies.
The prescience of the greatest statesmen had not carried
them beyond that. But as it 'was the earliest settlers,
starting from Pennsylvania and moving by way of the
south, finally crossed into, what Is now Kentucky, and
thence rapidly .advanced the frontier to the Mississippi
river, who settled the1 question of ownership to the vast
tract of land extending eastward to the Alleghenles, so it
was the same self-reliant class, following close upon the
heels of the trappers and hunteiss, who ultimately poured
over the crest of the Rockies and forced their way clear
to the Pacific ocean. .
If it had not been for them, the claims based upon the
rights of discovery through Captain Gray and the Lewis
and .Clark expedition would have been Juggled out of sight
and the whole of the Pacific Northwest would have been
lost to us.
IN AN ARTICLE entitled "The Russians in Manchuria,"
written in 1901 by Prince Krapotkin, scientist and hu
manitarian, we have an almost prophetic outline of
present conditions in the far east.'
Prince Krapotkin was one of the first party of Russians
to cross Manchuria. In 1884 his services as topographer
were requested by a party of horse-traders in guiding them
across Manchuria. Disguised as a merchant he success
fully guided them through the then unknown and still
savage1 region. In the autumn of the same year he was
sent by the governor-general of Siberia up the Sungari,
which had never before been navigated by a steamer and
w quite unknown to Europeans.
Krapotkin deplores the attempt of Russia to colonize
and annex Manchuria. He states that It was a great mis
fortune to the Russian nation when the Caucasus, the
Trans-Caspian territory and Turkestan were annexed to
Russia, and still more unfortunate when the Russians en
tered the" valley of the Amur in I860 and took possession
of' the North Manchurlan coast of the Pacific ocean. "The
Russian "nation would have lost nothing; but would have
won a great deal if Count Muravlqff -Amurlskl had not
taken possession ot the uninhabited wilderness on the left
bank of the Amur and up the Usuri down to Vladivostok,"
he says. "No matter what nation had taken hold of this
portion of the Pacific littoral whether England, Germany,
United States or Japan the great bulk of the Russian na
tion would have been spared the enormous sacrifices neces
sary to colonize the wilderness of the Amur, for which we
can never have an adequate return. Siberia would have
been the winner, not the loser, by having at her southern
border a civilized nation, Just as Canada is a winner by
having the United States as a neighbor. .
"None of us could believe that Russia would really try
to establish her rule in Manchuria. The Immense unin
habited stretches of plateau land in the north are abso
lutely unavailable for cultivation, while the cultivable
parts are far asunder and already settled by Chinese and
Manchus. To develop her already Immense resources, al
most unknown and scarcely touched by anything like ade
quate means of development, would be to benefit the Rus
sian nation; but to add more territory, some, of which la
not so rich and none of which Is richer than that she al
ready has lying idle, is to weaken herself.
. "Vladivostok has no hinterland, properly speaking. It
is a port thrown out on the Pacific very far from regions
which' can ever. be settled by a thick Russian population.
There are vast stretches of country between the port and
the plains of Trans-Balkalla; nothing but mere strings of
villages could ever be kept up between the port and the
. only possible centers of future population. The so-called
strong footing of Russia on the Pacific is in reality a very
slight one, indeed, and one which can never be made secure
"The interests pursued by Russians In the east are the
WAnnsaTO day by bay.
Justice Brewer Discovers a Hew Bole
of Offloial Xtlqnett.
From the New YdTk World.
At his daughter's wed fin the other
morning Justice Brewer received a practi-
- cat lesson In the new official etiquette.
As the bridal party vanished down the
church aisle the justice left his pew and
made for a side door with a view to get
ting his carriage promptly and reaching
home In time to get put of his. hat and
coat before the arrival of the guests bid
den to the breakfast. i
Observing that no one followed hjtp
he turned Inquiringly and beckonetf 'some
what impatlentlyito the occupants of the
family pew. Aire1. Brewer put out a re-'
straining hand and clutched lils coat.
As she drew him back within the ln
cloeure She pointed out to hlrn with a
motion of her head the gentleman and
lady standing in a front pew on the op-
t postte aiale. No one nowadays may leave
an assemblage Of which the president or
members of his family form a part until
the white house people have taken leave.
. Justice Brewer cast an impatient glance
111 the direction of the presidential pew
and subsided while the naval aide sum
moned the white house turnout.
Senator Stewart who Is one of the re
cent and more or leas venerable bride
grooms of the senate, has a very precious
IK tie stepdaughter who Is much attached
to hint They are frequently seen on the
street together hand in hand, and make
rather an Interesting picture, the senator
being- a good reproduction of the ideal
Kama Olaus. A few nights ago he took
th little lady to a show which advertises
itself as -polite vaudeville.".
Kvldently the performers fell somewhat
short of the senator s conceptions Of a
vaudeville, for on being asked by an
acquaintance on hla way out of the
theatre how he enjoyed it, ha replied that
It was-a "d-d- intellectual .show.'
The following night the little girl, who
had fortrotten the name of the perform-
PUBLISHED by JOURNAL PUBLISHING CO.
SuDday) at The Journal Building, Fifth 'and Yamhill streets, Portland. Oregon.
PAPER OF TUB CITY OP PORTLAND
Is strikingly illus-
Russia made Into
THE PROBLEM of best handling the delinquent
youth of the state is one of the most difficult and
. discouraging which confronts the public officials
charged with this duty. The charities and correction con
vention therefore acted wisely at its meeting held yester
day when It decided to recommend to the legislature Colo
rado's Juvenile court law, which, enjoying the supreme
merit of a thorough test, was calculated to save much in
the way of costly experimentation along untried lines.
The general principles upon which the law Is based are
applicable quite as well to Oregon as to Colorado. The
court is given extraordinary powers In this direction,
which are more than Justified by the results in the case
of a man like Judge Llndsey, whose address was listened
to with" such pleasure an(j profit at the previous evening's
session of the convention.
But it must be remembered that laws, however good,
are not self-operative. They need official agencies to put
them in motion and to get from them all the benefits which
they promise. With these laws on the statute-book there
is a grand opportunity for good work in this city, and the
man who undertakes it for the work's sake and without
hope of further reward than that which comes from the
consciousness of duty well performed will scatter blessings
broadcast and earn a name for himself which the proudest
ance but remembered the senator's defi
nition, begged him quite earnestly to
take her again to see that "d d intel
WHAT WOULD YOV BOf
From the Cincinnati Times-Star.
What would you do if a girl you knew
should look in your eyes and say,
"It must be awfully hard to propose!"
Do you think you would turn
And make some remark about the rain,
the snow, or the price of tea?
Perhaps you would
And perhaps you should
But, my! what a chump you'd be!
What would you do If a man you knew
should say, "Here's a million caah
To spend an you like." Would you shake
your head? Qr anawer, "Now,
don't be rash
You'll need It yourself some day, per-
bnps. Pray, don't give it all te
Perhaps you would
And perhaps you should
But, my! what a chump you'd be!
What would you do If the world you
' knew should say to you, "Now,
You weren t put here to growl and com
plain; this Ufa was made to enjoy;
So smile when you can and hum a tune!
Then you'll be happy with me,"
Would you scowl In reply T Perhaps you
But. my! what a chump you'd be!
Aa Accomplished Slug.
From 4-he London News. " .7
Oscar II. king of Norway and Sweden,
who has Just celebrated his "5th birth
day, la on of the most anrompllshed
raonarrlis In Europe.. He speaks with
the fluency and finish ofsn orator aix
modern language, and has been heard
to lament that because he rules two
kingdoms he has not time to learn
Sanskrit, .vi . . v
JNO. P. CARROU.
Interests of an ambitious military state, not those of . the
Russian people. The. abandonment of all of her posses
sions In the east would spare the nation enormous sacri
fices for which there will be no recompense ; it wotld avoid
the possibility; of. war entanglements in the east and would
strengthen Russia against possible invasion. Granting th
probability of a militarily reformed China rushing with its
millions of men against Russia, it is not In the Amur re
gion, and still less in Manchuria, that the first stand could
be made against Invasion." '
KICK THE UNDER DOG.
AS AN INSTANCE of the unanimity of great minds
in many channels of thought it is a notable fact
that the. editor of the Oregonlan and the king of
Korea pursue the same policy in regard to taking sides In
a quarrel. li
In the Jap-Russ quarrel both of these men strongly fa
vored the boastful Russ, who certainly made 'a bigger
showing on paper than did the Japs, who had no time to
boast, being otherwise engaged. Now we have them both,
rather cautiously it is true (Russia may win some battles
yet), favoring Japan, and agreeing that they were not so
mall as they looked nor so yellow as they were painted.
Both king and newspaper are equally well prepared to
hedge at the slightest indication of defeat overtaking the
Japs, and both would loudly declare to the world that they
"knew It all the time."
To extol the upper and freely kick the under dog in the
fight Is an old custom ot the Oregonlan. . The kaleidoscopic
suddenness with, vyhlch It has changed its opinion of poli
ticians and other people is calculated to make the ordinary
person gasp for breath and wonder, when he compares
yesterday's Oregonlan with today's, if it "really isn't some
It Is a curious spectacle, and not an edifying one, to se
the mental gymnastics and gyrations which are the out
come of a total lack of courage and principle. Incon
sistency Is quite compatible with principle, but the sort of
inconsistency which sees good In a man only when he is
successful, and hastens to "expose his corrupt methods"
only when he is crushed, has nothing whatever to do with
THE OPPORTUNITY FOR THE MAN.
An article In the, Oregonlan yesterday, entitled "Poetess
Reseats Unknown's Woplng," should have been credited to
the New York Globe and Commercial Advertiser. From
This Morning's Oregonlan.
Here fs indisputable evidence of a delicately attuned con
science which Is far above appropriating without proper
credit those things which it lifts from the columns of its
contemporaries. But it might have carried the affair a
good deal further had it been so minded. On the previous
day, under flaring headlines and dated as though it had
been received by telegraph at great expense the previous
evening from Philadelphia, It gives the synopsis of the con
tents of an article written by ex-President Cleveland for
the current issue of the Philadelphia Saturday Evening
Post. As the Issue ot the Post containing this article had
been in the hands of its Portland readers for two days be
fore it appeared In the Oregonlan, our contemporary was
either guilty of ridiculous extravagance in paying tele
graphic tolls on a quarter of a column of matter, or with
out expense It simply rewrote the article in Its own office,
and, placing a date line before It, deluded Its readers into
the belief that it had received by telegraph something
which had come to it without cost by mail. And thus is a
great reputation for telegraphic news built up.
From the New York Sun.
Before the United Statea had any place
on the map of the world. Santo Domingo
was a little hotbed of rows and wrang
ling, internal insurrections and almost
persistent disturbances, besides being i
bone of contention over which France
and Spain had more than once quarreled
and fought. The history of Santo Do
mingo for the entire period of the 19th
century la a record of strife punctuated
with brief intervals which served as little
else than mere breathing spaces for en
abling the combatants' to resume .their
disturbance. A land within a few mfles
of our border ha been for 100 yeara tne
scene of almost persistent revolt, as
Baaalnatlon and the destruction of prop
Revolution appears to have become a
fixed habit with the Dominicans, and the
habit grows atronger as the years go by.
A weak ruler Is overthrown by a stronger
r"lval. An iron-handed ruler, like lleur
eaux, la assassinated. Anarchy has be
come an established custom, and a land
upon which nature has lavished her
bounty in endless measure, a land In
which affluence should be the reward
of peaceful toil, la given over 'to battle,
murder and Industrial distress, a misery
to Itself and a nuisance to its neighbors.
AT A TXACKBaVI 2XAX.
From the Pendleton East Oregonlan.
It Is often the case that funnv answer
are given In school examinations, but
the teachers examination Just closed
furnished a couple of laughs. It was
asked in civil government that a defini
tion be given of the word "quorum," and
one of th teachers wrote. "A minpnm la
that condition of equilibrium where the
Another teacher said, in answer to a'
reauest to give her ides of the "Initio.
tlve and referendum," that the "Initiative
Is the beginning or preliminaries of any
thing and referendum is the closing or
ending of a thing."
"S?; H. 'M. H.ln-the Chicago Trlbunef
'Picture a heavily built man, -standing
fully 6 feet In height, with broad should
era and a thick brown beard ami mus
tache, now slightly tinged with i gray
dress him tn the uniform of a Russian
admiral; his breast covered with medals
and decorations; let there be about Mm
an Impression of accustomed authority
and of great reserve force; make him a
charming companion, acquainted with
the society of all the world and ready
to talk Interestingly about anything but
his business, which is the buslnessf his
Imperial minister, then you will have an
Idea of Admiral Eugene Alexieff, the vlce
csar of Russia In further Asia and the
direct representative of the Russian gov
ernment at Port Arthur.
Those who know him declare that
Alexieff Is a strange combination of many
strong Qualities. He wasbred a sailor,
and many of his early years were spent
in cruising about those gay winter cities
On the 'Mediterranean . where the naval
officers of many nations are warmly wel
comed. : Later aa a lieutenant he served
for four years on a vessel which spent most
of that time lh exploring the Ice-locked
coasts of southern Siberia. And It was on
his return trom this long, voyage that
.the ' young naval officer made his first
great, "hit" with the powers at St.
Lieutenant Alexieff had secured a leave
of absence and had decided to go home
to. Russia by way of the United States.
He landed, at San Francisco and . there
he learned that war waa imminent be
tween hla country and Great Britain.
Forthwith, with a hardihpod which seems
almost like insolence, the comparatively
obacure -young naval officer sat down
and wrote a cablegram to his excellency
the minister of the navy at St Peters
burg. "Why not authorise me, to buy com
merce destroyers to prey on British com
merce?" is what he wired.
"Good suggestion," came back the
arlser. "but there is not time. War is
a matter of hours." It was signed by the
minister and would have been plenty to
satlaf y moat young naval lieutenants.
But It waa not enough for Alexieff.
"Permit ma most humbly to suggest
that your excellency does not know the
United States," he cabled Immediately on
receipt of the minlster'a message. "Let
"Try,"'"wlred the minister, and at the
same time put at the disposal of Alexieff
ample funds for the purchase of a num
ber of faat sailing steamers.
On his way across the continent from
San Francisco Lieutenant Alexieff was
conducting negotiations for the purchase
of no less than eight or ten big steamers.
Before he reached the east several of
them had been bought and were being
fitted up. Inside of 10 days he had bought
eight big steamers and had six of them
waiting with steam up for the first
declaration of war. Three of them ren
dezvouaed in Frenchman's bay on the
coast of Maine, and three others off the
But the crisis was averted; war was not
declared, and finally Lieutenant Alexieff
waa Instructed to sell the ships he had
bought, which he did to good advantage.
Then the young Russian went over to j
Long Branch, then at the height of its
fame as a fashionable watering place,
where he , spent several weeks as the
guest of American friends. Even today
in conversation with Americans he la
fond of harking back to those days at
Long Branch and the good times he had
When Alexieff finally went horn they
gave him command of a ship with the
title of captain. Three years later he
was an admiral. That on exploit of
buying the shipa which never were used
had much to do with acquainting the
Russian government with his quality.
Since then he has been a great man.' He
was chosen to command the warship
on which the present czar, then heir to
the throne, went out to the far east, and
on the long voyage the friendship be
tween ihim and his master was greatly
strengthened. Later he was sent out to
act as governor-general of Russia's far
eaatern provinces, and there he ahowed
his ability as a diplomat and adminis
trator. He commanded the Russian
forces which marched to the relief of
the embasalea at Peking, and there won
honors as a land commander. Later he
served for a time aa minister of marine
In the cabinet of the czar, and last fall
ha was sent out as the first viceroy of
Russia In the east, clothed, so-the re
ports have It, with authority almost as
absolute as that wielded by the czar
Alexieff haa shown on several occa
sions that he is a man of peace so long
as peace comports with honor.- In the
spring of 1895. when the great fleets of
Russia and Japan lay opposed to each
OXZAT IITSUBTBIAL ITBUXXB.
Coloreao Beset by a Tremeadona labor
Colorado's great industrial struggle Is
graphically pictured by Collier's Weekly
of February 6, both in words and illus
tration. The article says:
In the grim tenacity of purpose, in
the methods employed, In the number
enlisted on both sides In proportion to
the population of the state, and In th
appalling cost, both in life and prop
erty, the industrial war now going on
in Colorado la one of the most far
reaching ever recorded In the labor his
tory of the world.
.Thlrty-flvo thousand workmen Idle on
an average of five months each; 4,000,
000 working days lost; 110,000,000 a
low estimate aa a wage losa; $30,000,
000 conservative eatimate loss from
direct damage and non-production;
$300,000 cost of national guard ordered
to -three different parts of the state
within nine months for the protection
of tife and property. A total loss at
the most conservative estimate of $60,
000,000. And this in a state where the
total assessed, valuation la less than
This is the stupendous coat to Colo
rado of the labor troubles of th year
190. Sixteen strikes. That la the
year's record. Sixteen strikes affecting
from 800 to 21,000 men each and lasting
from 10 days to 10 months each.
The reautta: A. declaration of war be
tween capital and organised labor as
represented In the state1; the increase
of the national guard from 860 men, tn
March, 1903, to 3,000 men fully armed
and equipped; courts and civil writs su
perseded in the mining dlatricts and
martial law .declared the suspension of
the writ 'of habeas corpus and the en
forcement of the "vag" law In the min
ing camps and the subsequent deporta
tion of all men who refused to work.
And. with all of this, the I'J.OOO, miners
In the metalliferous and coal -camps are
still out, and threaten to stay out for
months to come, although their places
are gradually being filled with Imported
A FUBA TOM fcOVdXB KAZB.
From the London Truth.. .
I am so glad you agree with m that
men wear their hair much too elosely
cropped. I thought you would. But
It Is utterly useless to hope for any
change. No man that I know would
have : the . courage to Initiate a' new
fashion, br diverge In the smallest de
gree from the accepted convention in
such matters. Do you know one who
the Russian Viceroy
other in the harbor "of Chef oo, the great
est naval battle of modern times was
Only averted by his coolness. V
Second in Command to Alexieff was
Admiral Tyrtoft. a grim old sea fighter,
who. burned, to open an attack on the
fleet commanded by Admiral Ito the
victorious Japanese commander in the
Yalu battle. , Russia had given Japan
an ultimatum, the time had expired, and
the . last telegram had come from St.
Petersburg, saying that the war was
Inevitable. Tyrtoft strained at the leaah.
The men of bojh fleets were drunk with
the lust of battle. The great gray and
Diack ships had been stripped for ac
tion. "Wait until tomorrow." said Alexieff.
"Perhaps a telegram has been delayed in
the sending." : .
Within an hour came the meesage say
ing. Japan had yielded and the battle
But when occasion arises, Alexieff has
snown that he can be a most determined
lighter. . At the slea-e of Tien Tsln. the
railway station, the key of the city, was
neia ty ioo men of the Siberian riflemen
In their green uniforms . ' Thev were cut
oft from the rest of the garrison . for
oays. They were hard pressed and beat
oft attack after attack at. great loss.
Their commander wired to Alexieff that
if they stayed in the railroad station
two hours longer they . would be annthl
"Not a man must be withdrawn," was
the grim answer. "You must hold the
station or be annihilated."
And when the railroad station waa fin
ally relieved the Ruaalan flag was still
floating and there were 18 of the 400
men left unwounded to receive their res
Alexieff Is noted for the great care
and consideration he gives the men un
der his command. He more than any
other great Russian commander la on
almost chummy terms with his soldiers,
but It is a friendliness in which there
la respect amounting almost to awe on
tne part of th men in the ranks. On
the day of St. George, when the wearers
of the cross of St. George, privates or
princes, sit down together at Alexleff's
table in the viceregal palace, their host
will sit . there with them for eight or
nine hours, as the various detachments
come and go, A few days later he may
make a long march into the wilderness
of Manchuria, lodging In a wretched
mud hut and living, like his men, chiefly
on cigarettes and peanuts.
So far as reported, no one has ever
caught Alexieff without his regimentals
on. Wherever he may be, under no mat
ter what conditions he may be living,
he is always properly and handsomely
dressed, with all his medals and decora
tions in place. He always looks aa if he
had Juat stepped out of a bandbox, if
on may imagine a six foot, bearded
sailor stepping from such a dainty
Alexieff. Who is now SO vaara nt,1 hmm
spent most of his life in the new empire
which Russia Is building on the coast of
"Everything la don and nvar with In
Europe," he says. "There you have
only to keep your repair shop running.
Out here we are helping to create
He is a man who ltkaa in tn Ihlnn
Under his direction the Russian millions
were spent in building docks and forti
fications at Vladivostok, and when that
giant work was done he moved on Joy
fully to tackle the still larger problem
at Port Arthur. Alao under hla admin
istration the great commercial city. Dal-
ny, and the commercial capital of
greater Russia, the city of Khabarovlsk,
at the Junction of the Amur and the
Ussuri. have been built, both nt thm
from practically nothing.
He loves the work In this new country.
He admits that h la not at alt hinnv
away from it. The delights of civilisa
tion pall on him as they do on most of
mose w no nave tasted the delights of
empire bulldlnar. If hla cirtta ha a.
cepted Admiral Alexleff'a favnrita .
atlon is found in playing the game of
nussian Bridge, tn which he Is said to
be extremely skillful. If he can meet
and defeat an einert at thla iram. than
the admiral is happy. If. a game goes
nara against him it Is said that he feels
the defeat as a bitter blow.
Alexieff haa visited A marina u.i
times, having crossed the continent more
man once on nis way to and from
Russia to his eastern station, and is a
great admirer of th United Statea. It
la said to be largely due fro his influence
that the exports from this country to
ports on the Pacific under Ruslan con
trol have Increased an a-raatlw a-lthi..
cent years. His ambition haa been, com
mercially at least, to make of the great
provinces under his control a new
would? I wish the king and the Prince
of Wales would wear their hair longer
and more buahy; then the thing would
be accomplished. And how pleased all
our men would be to see how nice and
becoming their thick and curly locks
would be! See how kindly they take to
wigs when wearing fancy dress, hot and
uncomfortable things as they ara Shall
w form a league for the encouragement
of hyaclnthlne locks on the head of
WOKAB- snrrrsAax x bay itatb.
' From the Chicago Tribune.
The woman suffrage movement In Mas
sachusetts is not without its humorous
aide. Regularly every year the leaders
appear before the legislative committee
and present their arguments why the
legislature should pass a law allowing
women to vote for town and city officers.
They already have the right to vote for
school commissioners. This year they
were headed by Mrs. Julia Ward Howe,
who pleaded their cause with much elo
quence. Then, as usual, came the other
side, which bears the formidable name
of the Massachusetts Association Op
posed to the Further Extension of Suf
frage to Women, and presented argu
ments why women should not have the
franchise. Thla association numbers
10,886 members, all women, and it claims
It has "behind it the great majority of
Massachusetts women." They set forth
that "at the present stage of political
and aocial progress the addition of the
votes of Inexperienced women would not
help matters much" and they believed
"that the unit in civilization was not al
ways the Individual, but thefamlly."
In hla annual message a few weeks
ago the governor strongly recommended
the exteiialon of the franchise to the
women and thia undoubtedly stimulated
the hopes of the suffragists that the
long sought for prize might be won this
time, but after hearing both sides the
legislative committee was -so Impressed
with the arguments of the representa
tives of the association with th long
name that it voted unanimously against
the suffragists. It is unfortunate for
the latter that the anti-suffraga women
of th state are in an overwhelming
majority and that when a school elec
tion Is held they not only fail to vote;
but that of the suffragists who register
only a small fraction ever gets to the
polls. Apparently the day is far off yet
when the women of th Bay. State w... (
have the right to vote for muniefoal and
slate officers. Unfortunately for t.,e
suffragists 1 the majority of) the women
are "set against" voting end? to men this
Is about the strongest of arguments
why the ballot should not be given them.
The Big Suez Canal, the
William E. Curtis in the Chicago Reo
i ord-Herald. !,v.;
Afloat on the Red Sea, Jan. 18. Every
vessel passing, through the Suez canal
Is compelled to take a pilot, because the
skippers of Ordinary vessels cannot be
trusted to navigate the narrow channel,
for the slightest : deviation may . cause
damage that will cost thousands of dol
lars to repair. Each year, however,
navigation is rendered easier by the
widening of the channel and by the
excavation of additional sidings or
basins where vessels can pass. From
the moment the pilot goes on the bridge
he takes charge of the movements of
the ship and is responsible for whatever
may happen, regulating the speed ac
cording to tonnage and draught.'
Vessels cannot pass in motion. When
they meet the one which arrives first at
the signal station is compelled to stop
ana tie up in a basin until the other
goes by. These basiqs are found at
intervals of a few miles, and at every
basin is a "gare" or station' in charge
of a signal officer, who corresponds to
a train dispatcher oh one of our. rail-J
maun, ana inn oiuck system is usea to
regulate the movement of vessels.
Formerly no! traffic was allowed at night,
but it is now carried. on' without Inter
ruption by -the aid. of electric lights on
the shore and searchlights on the ves
sels. The canal looks exactly what it Is
a big ditch through a datsert of sand on
which foxes, Jackals, hyenas and occa
sionally lions are seen by the watchmen
In the signal towers. At some places
the banks of earth on either side are so
high that passengers on the steamer
cannot see over them, but for moat of
the Journey you have a wide sweep on
both sides back to the mountains that
tlse from thi desert, and at a certain
point for a mile or two Mount Sinai is
visible 37 miles to the southeast, and is
pointed put to you by the' captain or the
deck steward. Naked . Arab boys run
along the banks crying for baksheesh
and. easily keep abreast of the creeping
vessel, grabbing at the ' pennies which
passengers throw them -from the deck.
Half the coins roll down into the water,
which is exasperating to the youngsters.
They do not like to stop and dive for
them while there is a chance of getting
more, but I imagine they mark the spot
and come back to recover lost baksheesh
when they have left the vessel.
There are only two towns of any ac
count on the canal. One Is Ismalta, a
half-way point, with a population 'of
4,000. It is the only monument in
honor of the Khedive Ismail, who did
the moat and spent the most to carry
out the enterprise and lost his throne
thereby. It is rather a pretty town,
abundantly irrigated, and hence haa
lovely gardens and groves of palms and
other trees. Here reside most of the
engineers and other officers of the canal,
becauae It is preferable to Port Said.
There Is a hospital for sick employes,
a club for the benefit of the officers and
several" good houses. Including one
erected especially for the entertainment
Of M. de Lesaeps, when he should be
pleased to use it. Beyond Ismalta, as
before, are occasional oases In the
desert groves of) palms and luxuriant
gardens vurroundlng th stations of the
canal otlclals, for wherever you can
turn water upon that lonely desert
everything will grow with a wild luxuri
ance. It seems as If the earth suddenly
released gerjnlnatlns; power that had
been accumulating during centuries of
The chief Interest is found In the town
of Sues, because It is the crossing place
of the great caravans of camels that fur
nish transportation between the two
continents of Asia and Africa, and travel
regularly between Cairo, Damaacus.and
Bagdad; alao because biblical historian
believe that here the waters of the Red
sea opened 8,600 years ago and allowed
8,000,000 of the children of Iarael to
cross over upon a dry bottom. It re
quires a considerable concession to the
Imagination and a strength of faith
which the moat of mankind do not pos
sess to accept this theory, but no one
knows to, the contrary, and experience
has' taught me never to doubt the truth
of interesting stories. If you do, you
deprive yourself and others of much
pleasure. It is like analysing the at
tractions of a pretty woman or separat
ing her features Into lots, classifying
them and measuring them by the Venus
On the other side of the Red sea,
which, by the way, is not red but blue
as blue as the sky in June you can
see the purple peaks of the Slnaitie
range, and a few miles from the shore,
which you can reach In three hours by
donkey, one of those remarkable oases
that are frequently found in the desert.
Thla particular one Is called the Wells
of Moses, There Is a comfortless hotel
kept by an Arab,, where beds and refresh
ments can be obtained, but It is better
to start early in the morning, so as
to get back th same day, and take a
luncheon in a basket from Sues. The
trip can be easily made while the vessel
is coaling. - .
The children of Iarael, according to
the Bible, wandered three days In the
wilderness of Bhur and found no water,
and when they came to Marah they could
not drink the waters, for they were bit
ter, and , the people murmured against
Moses, saying, "What shall we drink?"
and he cried unto the Lord and the Lord
showed him a tree which he cast into
the waters and the waters were made
sweet. And they came to. Film, where
there were twelve wells of water, and
three score and ten palm trees, and
they encamped there' by the waters. And
Miriam, the prophetess, the sister ; of
Aaron, took a timbrel In her hand, and
11 the women went out after her with
timbrels and with dancea. That beautiful
scene, one of the most dramatic in the
whole Bible, Is believed to have taken
place here, for these wells are the wells
of Ellm, and three and ten palm trees
still shelter a collection of a dozen or.
more springs. The village is peopled
with naked Arabs, sinewy, spring, en
during fellows, whose flesh shines like
polished mahogany and who must re
semble the young men of Israel, when
they started on tne Journey that waa not
finished for 40 years. '
SCOOPED BY THB "YS&&OWS."'
From the Pendleton East Ofegonlan.
Because the Hearst newspaper pay
such high prices for able correspondents
that all the best in the world arc in the
Service of that combination of papers,
the associated press can on:y cry "yel
low Journalism," as Its antequated new
gatherera are "scooped" day after day
on war news in th Orient. All the
Hearst war news has been verified by
thb associated press correspondents,
after they had time to find olit'Bbout it
Th Hearst papers are In closer touch
with the news -of the world than any
other combination on the earth today.
The Hearst correspondents have access
to more throne rooms and high 'Officials
than any other class of men In the
world. , r
Bums and the Missouri fraciflc.
From tha Kansas City Journal '
There doesn't seem to be anything
defective about the gall of the tramps
Red Sea and Arabia, Most
It .! difficult to understand why and
how r they" happened to be wandering
about so long down her. If you will
look at the map you will see that Suez .
Is almost o'n a line with, Cairo, and it
was the most natural rendezvous i for
the tribes, who were scattered all along
the Nile from Memphis, which is Just
above Cairo, to Thebes, which is Just
below Luxor. , The account in the Bible
is cqndensed, and we are' compelled 'to
take a good deal of these traditions on
faith, but, as I have already suggested,
It Is worth while to do so. ;
The Red sea is 1,400 miles long, and
Its greatest width is. 200. miles.' It is
about the shape of a sausage, and tapers
at. both ends. Qn one side Is Arabia,
the moat mysterious and primitive of all
countries, and on the other side : Is
Egypt. Nubia and the Sudan. At the '
north end what la known as the Blnaltlo
peninsula projects southward and ' di
vides the sea Into two arms, and near
the point of the peninsula is Tor, the
landing place for Sinai. , Opposite Tor
Is Jebel Ez-Zelt. which means ' "'the
mountain of oil," where petroleum was
discovered some years ago and create
great excitement. Hundreds . of thou
sands of dollars have been expended in
sinking wells and building docks;, ware
houses and refineries, but they have all
nuaiHiuucu, yrv..uoc, iu num. iw
son, the manufacturers could not com- '
n.t. with lh. Oranla, nit nmnn am.
, . . iv nt.it iiio u 111 1 1M11I u y i, ' vviiimiij vs
Caspian seas. .
People think that there is a good deal
more wealth In Arabia than we know
of. It was once of greater Importance
than now, and In ancient days produced,
gold and other metals, but now it ships
little but dates, wool and coffee, and
even these are gradually falling off.
Mocha coffee is produced at the extreme
end of the Arabian peninsular a
province called Yemen, and derlvea Its
name from the little port it Is shipped
from. But the people have no enterprise,
the coffee orchards have been injured by
Insects and blight, and the trees have not
been renewed. This is accounted for by
bad government. As everywhere else In
the dominions of the sultan of Turkey,
for Arabia la nominally a part ot the
Ottoman empire, the orflcials receive no
salaries and live off blackmail. Hence,
whenever a citizen gets a little ahead,
when he shows signs Of prosperity, he
immediately becomes an object t plunder
and persecution by the tax gatherer and
every other representative of tho gov
ernment. There Is no Incentive for the
coffee growers to extend their orchards
or to increase their product,
One does not realise, until he comes
face to face with the fact, that Arabia
Is nearly half as large as, the United
States. Its area Is almost as great as
that of India and Is nearly equal to that
of our statea east of the Mississippi river.
The population la unknown, because there
haa never been a census, but it la sup
posed to be between 7,000,000 and 12.000,000.
The distance from north to south Is more
than a thousand mllea and from east to
west It varies from 500 to 800. Yet In this
enormous territory there la no centralized
authority. The Interior IS governed by
petty shleks, each being abaolute over
the members of hla own tribe. Along a
coast line of nearly 8,500 miles are only
six ports, where the sultan of Turkey
maintains pasha governors and garrisons
to protect the collectors of customs who
are required to pay him a certain amount
of tribute every year and they. wring it
out ot the people In any way they can.
The relationship between the govern
ment at Constantinople and the Bedouins
of Arabia Is very slender and is due
solely to the cohesive power of the Mo
hammedan religion. There Is no law In
Arabia but the Koran; there are no
courts but the priests; there are no mails,
no postofflces, no postage stamps, and a
person who wanta to communicate with
a distant friend must send his letter by
a messenger, which Is expensive, or by a
caravan, which is the common way.
There1 la no telegraph line, no newspaper,
no railroad, and, strange to say, not a
river In all that vast area except a few
shallow, rocky beda which during the
aprlng bring down water from the melt-
Ing enow on the mountain tops to the
sea, but for nine months in the year are
as dry as a crematory.
The captain tella me that they produce
a curious phenomenon. The coast of
the Red sea is lined with -coral banks
built by those mysterious and wonderful
little masons who, like some men I know,
hat fresh water,- and wherever the spring
floods fall into the sea there Is always a
wide break In the coral reef.
The mountains of Arabia reach an alti
tude of more tjian 10,000 feet, and in apots
where borings have been made the sand
Is more than 600 feet deep. It la the pre
vailing Impression that Arabia la a vast
expanse of desert, but that Is a mistake.
There are wide strips of barren sand,
which are Irreclaimable for cultivation
only becauae they cannot be reached by
water, but two-thlrls of the country
Is capable of cultivation, and, lying at an
altitude of 8.000 feet above the sea, might
produce cotton, sugar and other seral
troploal staples In unlimited qualtltles.
Although there are no streams, plenty
of water oan be had for Irrigation pur
poses by digging 20 or 80 feet, and the In
troduction of windmills would simplify
. I ...... 1 1 SI . 1 . , . , .
i net pumping pruuicm. vn inn coast It IS
intensely hot, and the humidity of the
atmosphere during the summer season
makes life almost unendurable, but In the
interior, upon the table lands along the
mountain elopes, and In the valleys, the
mercury seldom rises above 85 degrees,
even In midsummer. While the direct
rays of the sun are Intense, it is coot in
the shade, and at night the mercury often
falls below 50.
More than two-thirds of the population
are Bedouin nomads, without permanent
placea of abode, who live In tents made of
camel's hair. Just like the patriarchs of
old. They have eViormous flocks of sheen
and goats, and herds of cattle and camels.
They follow the grass and move from
place to place with all their possessions.
There are, however, several prosperous
cities of considerable population and com
merce. Trade la conducted by camel
caravans, which cross the desert regu
larly, and transport enormous quantities
of dates, wool and other merchandise.
who strike ,8edalia. . A bunch of them
has been getting free lodging In the
Mlasourt Pacific atatlon in that place.
They buy tickets for the next station,
and then curl themselves up in seats or
on the floor of the depot and go to
sleep. The agent can't put them out be
cauae they can ahow tickets. . At the end
of .the month they, return the umije4
tickets and get their money back.
' ' i m -
, j ' Bafleotiqn of a Bachelor.
From the New York Press. ,
A girl marries to gain her liberty;
she gets lt when she becomes a widow.
Most women plan after they stop
having children to write a novel about
them. ' '
If a burglar should stop at the crib
and kiss th baby a woman would hare
hard work making herself get him ar
Every once In so often a woman has a
deliberate quarrel with her husband so
ah can write home to her mother that
nobody ever Understood her but her, . -