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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 17, 1904)
HpODAYS News Today!
T- That is what is making The Journal
- the livest newspaper proposition in
" ": . Portland.
Til Weather I .. .
Tonight and Thursday showers;
southerly winds. "
VOL: II. NO. 2U5.
PORTLAND, OREGON; WEDNESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 17.: 1904.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
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TOIA Ai 1GLI
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At. St. Petersburg the. People Are
Greatly Incensed Over Great Britain's;
Partiality for the Japanese.
'. --.' - V. '" '. v.. . .r . . . : -. ,. .-'--..-, . .-.I1 j. ' :; '
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It Is the Opinion of Army Experts r That Russia
Cannot Much linger Hold Port Arthur in , ,
- View oV Her Perplexities
i, , (Journl SpecUt Serrlr.)
London, Feb. 17. Cable advices today
say that Russia Is making a move that
will end her direct rule at Fort Arthuf,
but that she may close around the town
at Borne distance, "keeping- a bis body
of men between the line of railroad and
the town. This is the probable aim. but
Japan . would "shave every opportunity
under thestf' conditions to land men at
wlll However,..KusBla cannot, in the
opinion: of army experts,' hold Port
Arthur much longer and must concen
trate troops for defense of the line of
communication before too late. . .''":
' The. attack by, the Japanese torpedo
flotilla Saturday ; was not much more
.than a skirmish, aocbrdlng; to St Jetrs
Imrg advices. One cruiser of Russia's
fleet was slightly damaged and one
Japanese torpedo boat put out of com
mission, according: to this report. The
Oght . lasted only l minutes. Th
Japanese torpedo boats, are - said to be
still several miles off shore awd make
a. run. in close at night, all lights out,
for the purpose of locating Russian
ships. Searchlights on Russian vessels
(Hearit Bpedtl Scrrtee.)
St Petersburg, Feb. 17. Information
has been obtained at the foreign office
that Secretary Hay'a ' proposition to
limit the area of war operations Is con
sidered "practicable," and ' that a re
sponse will soon be forthcoming. Vice
roy Alexieft Is being, consulted regard
ing the matter, and the authorities are
doubtless awaiting indications as to how
the proposition wjll ba received In
Japan.,' ' -,..(
The sympathetic reception given by
' ' Special Interview Given o the
Hearst Papers by aCaJ.-Oen. Joe
4 Wheeler and Printea sjunnitus-
4 oasly in The Journal by Special ;
4 , Arrangement, J.
X ' .
New Tork, Feb. 17. The wonderful
energy of the Japanese land forces
seems to be quite as remarkable as that
exhibited by Its naval commanders. The
Japanese admiralty wemi to have es
tablished a naval, base in each of the
three .following ports: , Souchon, Che
nanpo and Chemulpo, and already Japan
ese cavalry . is reported in a position
from - Which they can easily reach the
ray road, , which is how the line which
Hroops In Port Arthur must receive their
Also learned that Chinese raiders'
have become a menace at several points
upon this long Siberian railroad. This
will make it necessary for the Russian
- commander-in-chief to use considerable
force to -meet this .very serious diffi
culty. .' .
' We now learn that 'even before the
declaration of war the Russians had de
termined upon the Talu river as- an im
portant line of defense, and had thrown
up some . considerable defenses.'
1 The rapidity with which the Japanese
have transported their troops and landed
them In Korea, far exceeds all anticipa
For the nation to have moved the
force' they now have on or near the
river Talu, is evidence of organisation
and administrative ability of the high
est order. The Russians continue to
mass their troops on the northwest batik
of the river, and the Russian com
mander-ln-chlef at last accounts . was
maintaining headquarters in Mukden, , a
city, on the Manchurian railway, about
ISO to 200 miles from the' Talu river,
where the Russian army Is preparing
for battle. .....
A good estimate of a ship's capacity to
convey trdops is to allow shout SH tons
for each soldier. Thrs includes horses,
artillery, ammunition, wagons and pro
xisluns. In other words,, a thoroughly
and forts keep going so, soon as dark
ness sets -in. . v .' i ' ' -'" , . . .,-:
. Latest dispatches say that the depar
ture of Viceroy ; Alexleff from Port
Arthur, is confirmed and is .construed to
mean the Russians will abandon the en
tire Tiaotung peninsula,: defending the
line of communication as herein before
described.' At Mukden the Russian flanks
are harassed ' by Chinese brigands and
small parties ' of ; foragers are attacked
everywhere-they venture" outk the
lines. A force of 1,000-, men was sent
out to put a stop to the raids and many
innocent Chinese were killed. ' The peo
ple are incensed. , .- ,
-Anxiety 'increases as 'to the 'attitude
of Russia toward England.. It is much
aggravated by the open enthusiasm of
the people i. of the ' British Isles over
Japanese successes.. . Fund, have been
started for the relief of wounded
Japanese and for aid to hospital' corps
and have been subscribed to,' liberally.
The ; great ' crowds around the ' bulletin
boards frequently cheer a Japanese vic
tory. , Russia has been apprised 'of. this
(Continued on . Page Two.)
the powers to Mr. Hay's note,. and the
representations the powers have made
her, have undoubtedly' had a good ef
fect upon official opinion, and the Rus
sian government shows a more friendly
spirit toward ,dlrect representations
made by the United States.
. The .American government is now
pressing for. an. answer - to the request
that the United States army officers be
allowed to accompany the Russian fleld
operations, but it is explained that
Viceroy Alexleff, to whom the request
was referred, has not yet replied.
THE HIGHEST ORDER
equipped army - of ' 20,000 'men can be
comfortably 'transported in ships whose
tonnage aggregates 70,000 tons. Troops
are often transported 'With much less
tonnage, especially. upon short voyages,
and periods' when, storms are not ex
pected, 'and the ..resourceful Japanese
manage very well with a minimum allowance.-
In " a military sense, the
events of the- last ' 24 hours have, . it
anything, been favorable to the Japan
' ' " , i . ) f i . i i , '
THE RUSSIAN CRUISER VARIAG (pUILT IN AMERICA),. WHICH FELL INTO
WAR WITH TURKEY
(Journal Special Sarrlce.) '
! Paris, Feb. 17. The Bulgarian diplo
matic agent here said today that an -outbreak
' in Turkey-Bulgarian ; hostilities
is imminent ' Bulgaria is seeking , to
force , Turkey to take the initiative ' iu
order to win sympathy. , . .
' Constantinople, Feb. IT. v 8lxteen
thousand Albaniatis are In revolt In the
DIakova district against Macedonian re
form by Turkey and obnoxious taxes.
Several conflicts have taken place, in lone
of which the Turks were repulsed with
heavy losses. - :
TWO WW POSTUaaTZXB.
(Waihlnfton Burean ot The Jonrnit) . '
Washington, Feb. 1T.-The following
postmasters were appointed today: Mary
E. Pause, West Portland, Or.; Clara M.
Leroy, Wildwood, Or. ,
ese, and now comes the news that 600
Russian, soldiers en route to the seat
of ..war have succumbed to the rigors ot
a very severe winter. - That thetroops
will suiter for. supplies,', and 'that! the
navy, or what is left of it, will-suffer
for coal, seems ' new more than probi
- Unless the Japanese generals commit
some unpardonable error, their, triumph
In this .winter's campaign is certain.
Will -- -.'.- '.
GIVING HIM THE JIU-JITSU.
(Journal Special Service.)
St Petersburg, Feb. 17, via
frontier. The Russian troops
being' sent to' the far east are
encountering Insurmountable dif
ficulties! They are being sent in
ordinary, freight cars, 29 men In
each, with a small stove in the
center for warmth. , The fuel
used - is wood. -
81edges 'are still being used
across Lake . Baikal. ' It is one
continuous story, of great. delays
and deadly frost bites.
4 ! The barracks at Mtsaayaga are 4
,, Inadequate to contain the . nura-1
bers sent there and beyond that '
all traffic is demoralized. Food 1
-is scarce, as i 'the plague killed
nearly all Mongolian cattle dur- 4
ing the past season. , 4
In Manchuria the Russians con-
trol only such land as lies within ,
range of their rifles, as the coun-;
try has been completely ravaged.
by brigands, so there is but little
food left , '
' War officials here declare that
any serious blockade of the rail-
way is liable (o put the troops to '
awful suffering. The temperature
ranges from 30 to 60 degrees be-
low ero. ...-, ":, '. 4
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V' - ' . ,
New l'6rk World.
DOWIE CHASED BY .
(Journal Special Sirrlre.) T
London,' Feb. 17. A- dispatch from
Sydney, Australia, says that Dowie, the
seir-styled Klijali . II, is. being given a
lively reception. Rowdy scenes char
acterize his meetings and culminating in
the breaking up of services last night
Dowie escaped the mob in a cab. He
was pursued to his hotel by a howling
crowd of 6,000. The police were unable
to check the onslaught and Dowie es
caped through a. back door.
WKZLB PBATXS8 WXaUB SAID.
(Journal Special Bervlee.)
London, Feb. 17. -During service in
the church at Baku, Russia, and while
prayers for the success of the Russian
army were being' said, an 'Armenian
threw a bomb at the pulpit, which ex
ploded and killed three persons ' and
wounded two. .
. Birmingham, Ala., Feb. 17. The blow
ing up of the protected cruiser Boyarin
with the loss of all on board, is, of
course, not a serious blow to the Rus
sian fleet as the cruiser la only of 3.200
tons displacement, carrying about '200
men, but the : fact that they recently
blew up transport by accident and
the destruction of. three torpedo boats
by fire from their own- ships indicates
a serious lack of efficiency or great de
. XX ' ' W K ' : t .' " tin
THE HANDS OF THE JAPANESE AT- CHEMULPO
FAVOR FOR JAPANESE
OROW 1 CIA
Russian Authorities at Port Arthur!
Blaming Their Own Government,
for Not Preparing Sooner for War.
Japan Embarks Thousands of Troops for
Vladivostok and Port Arthur Making
Ready for Any, Emergency
- (Hearit Special Serrloa.)
London, Feb.' 17. The correspondent
of the Standard in Tien Tsln .cables his
paper today that Chinese troops are still
being moved outside of the . great wall
under secret orders. , Careful observers
In Peking are unanimous regarding the
gravity of . the situation.' Prince Suh-
lanah has been dismissed from his post
as governor of thecaptal and RaTunf
has been substituted, The change has
caused widespread dismay. There is ft
growing feeling lit favor of the Japanese
which is shaping itself into a movement
against ; all , foreigners..' Neutral offi
cials are being superseded..
The Chinese undoubtedly Interpret the
Initial success of Japan over her Euro
Dean-adversary, as encouragement to
themselves. Great anxiety is felt here.
It is of the utmost .importance that a
cloe watch be kept over China. . The
railroad at, present ' is . intact , at New
Chwang. . ', .'S,,-'- '
The Standard's Shanghai correspond
ent says: ' "Russian authorities at Port
Arthur censure their own government
for placing Japan in a position to oegin
RUSSIANS SAY THE
CZAR WAS INACTIVE
. (Brarit Special. Sertlot.)
. Vienna, Feb. 17.-According to infor
mation received from St. Petersburg the
csar, who was greatly depressed and
grieved that war was not averted, has
spoken in anything but complimentary
terms of Casslni, who will probably be
recalled. The csar finds his ambassador,
to the United States in Washington has
failed to rightly inform the Russian
government about the state of feeling in
the United States, also about the sup
port the. war party in Japan would ob
tain from, the American side.
CONTROL OF THE SEA
moralization resulting from recent de
feats. Combining this feature with the
halting of the fleet on its way to the far
east Russia now relinquishes the idea of
contesting at least for some time Japan's
control of the sea,
.: Moreover with indications of the pos
sibility of complications in Europe aris
ing from war in the far east pr from
disturbances in the Balkans it is doubt
ful whether .Russia, could safely send
- l 4
war had been made. They lane
gloomiest view of the future."
It Is reported from Japan that foul
large Russian . cruisers have returnee!
to ,. Vladivostok. British ' steamships
have received private warnings to avoid
the Korean straits. The cruiser Askold.
reported to have been Camaged in th
engagement at Port Arthur. In reality
tvaa sunk. Greatxcltement haar beertr
caused in Japan by the action of the
Russians In detaining lit Port Arthur
00 Japanese who were Reeing from
raw cosntuuroE ron att.
.(luurnal Special. Swyice.) ::-
St. Petersburg, Feb. 17. r Admiral
Roshbestvensky will leave -here imme
diately for the far east where it is as
serted he will assume the supreme com
mand of the Russian navy under Alex
leff. One report says he will travel
through the Red sea. taking the ves
sels gathered there to the seat of war
with him. J
The Zeltung learns, from a financial
source that Russia last week immediate
ly after war first began, endeavored to
realize a loan In Paris. Negotiations
for an issue of 5 per cent Russian bonds
at 93 had made considerable progress
when at the last moment a financial
syndicate withdrew from the transaction
on the pretext that they were afraid a
new Russian loan would cause a heavy
fall 6f Russian securities In Paris mar
kets. The above reports must be re
ceived with caution.
X 44 4 4 4 4 4 44 4 4 4 4 1 j
Special Interview Given to the v
Hearst Papers by Oapt. Xlchmond
P. Hobson and Printed Sixnultaa- 4v
eonsly la The Journal by Special '
any more of her European naval forces :
to the far east. In short, it can now
be assumed that Japan will enjoy all
the advantages of the control of the sea
at least until the present season's land
campaign is ended. It is almost safe t
assume that the disastrous beginning
and the difficulty of properly training
and drilling ships In maneuvering and
other necessary features together with,
the serious question of coal supply mv
preclude the idea of any future attempt
on the part of Russia in an aggressive
naval effort to control the sea. ,
The rceent accidental mine explosion
in the harbor of Port Arthur would Indi
cate strenuous efforts to put the harbor
In a condition for resisting efforts on
the part of Japan's fleet to force an en
trance! The permanent presence of
formidable fleet Inside the harbor would
practically prevent the capture of this
stronghold by operation from the rear.
It must, not be inferred from thi.s fact ;
that because the Spanish squadron left
Santiago when our armies Invested that
city that it was necessary for them t
leave.- They could have remained in
definitely and their remaining would in
itself have prevented the capture of the
city by our army. No artillery could b
mounted within range of the ships thnt
could resist the guns of an armored fleet.
We can thus assume that Port Arthur
will remain In control of the Russians
provided it has supplies adequate to sus
tain a protracted siege from land.
Unless the Japanese undertake "eoim-
termlning to enter the harbor arid en
gage th Russian fleet., the Situation
is a very interesting one to afford a tet
of this kind of an operation, al' t-
test submarine boats In entering a luir
bor. . -
From the Indication of lh fiir!t i,'
the Japanese navy smnn fm h f,tt, .., ... ,
are not altogfther inhV!v. 7 Uf n ,,
of course would he r iin'-t th. .1 ,;,
flet suppoKinsf Hint tiie i'; .1 .
cffli'leiK-y in ul ili.iii ('.! t-i :
Itlys of 'their v 1 . i u' I cl. ; .. ;
un ei'S,';uiis';-J Ui. f
hostilities, when no preparations