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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 9, 1904)
" -Eaiiorial.-Pace off :Jer ml ,
. SATURDAY, JANUARY 9, 190 ,"
THE OR B CI O IN D A I L, Y JOUR N A L,
AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER
C S. JACKSON
PUBLISHED BY JOURNAL PUBLISHING Ca
JNO. P. CARROLL
Published every evening (exeept Sunday) at The, Journal Building, Fifth and ; Yamhill itretU, Portland. Oregon. 2
OFFICIAL. PAPER OF THE' CITY . OF PORTLAND
THE JOURNAL'S PLATFORM
A Trinity at Events Which Waul J MaVs of Portlani
, the Mightiest City of the Pacific Coast.
First Deepen the Columbia river bar.
Second Open the Columbia river to unim
: peded navigation at and above The Dalles.
. Third Dig an Isthmian canaL
IT WOULD BE HAILED WITH PLEASURE
1 TERE PARTISAN POLITICS aside,- and considering
lll th mmatlnn nlmnlv In llt-hrnml osnwll an It
would affect the public good, no greater blessing
could be vouchsafed Oregon than a strong, aggressive and
self-respecting minority political party. Where the par,
ties are closely divided, where there is always uncertainty
as to the outcome of every political campaign, each party
must not only put Its best foot forward in the matter of
nominees but it must come cleanhanded before the voters
in whatever record its representatives may have estab
lished during their terms of office. Each side, with one
eye firmly fixed on the people watches the other with. the
keenness of a hawk. Corruption Is scented from afar and
the news of it ir triumphantly spread broadcast. Jn this
way the public Is assured the best service, first, because of
the evenly matched chances, of both parties to win an
election and, secondly, because with 'watchful partisan
eyes on those in office to report derelictions the public
service in tear and self defense is kept up to high stand
arda. . "
In Oregon there are two great political parties, but. un
fortunately for. the state, they are both factions of the
national Republlcan'party. Without' intending ' any diSi
respect to either or any reflection upon the many good men
la both, the. public good is simply an incidental element
in the campaign which they are constantly waging for su
premacy. The success of the faction is necessarily the
chief end in view. Practically on the outskirts of these
two has ranged the state Democratic party, siding with
either that promised the best returns. So long . as this
policy was pursued it was idle to hope for a strong ana
self-respecting organisation. There was no principle' at
stake; there was nothing but the loaves and-fishes'' to be
considered. Hence, many men whose natural affiliations
were Democratic, declined to waste any time on the organ
lzatlon and went their several ways utterly indifferent to
the outcome, k ."'" .
t But there has lately grown up a sentiment, 1 largely
based upon the election of Governor Chamberlain, that
the time, bias come for the organization of a real Demo
cratic party which is ready to go before the people in its
own proper name and, standing upon its own platform,
with no disgraceful or indecent alliances with any faction
of the other party, ready cheerfully to accept defeat for
that whl.ch.it believes, the foundation might be laid for
future supremacy. If this were too big a dream the party
could at least-be sure of drawing to its active support every
man who professed Democratic principles, no decent man
wouid have .reason to be ashamed .of it and no defeat.
however disastrous, could spell annihilation. -It
is in this spirit, it is said, the local Democrats propose
tonight to celebrate Jackson day. If it is carried out,' if
the Democratic party will stand true to the test which
it thus applies to itself, there is a brilliant future before
it in Oregon and nbt'only men naturally1 allied to it, but
the people as a whole will have cause to rejoice, for it
wilt be another and long step in the direction of better
public service and a higher standard of efficiency, honesty
and character in the individual officeholder. . .
A FURTHER INDICTMENT AGAINST "
DIETRICH. . .
EVERYTHING with United States Senator Dietrich
of Nebraska depended upon a Judicial determina
tion of the question, 'When is a senator not a
senator?" If he was senator after he had been elected or
after he had begun to draw pay as such, then he doubtless
was guilty of the grave charges which had been- found
against him by a United States grand jury charges
which, In the whole history of the country, had never be
fore been preferred against a , senator ' of the United
States.' But if he was not senator until after he had as
sumed the oath of office the- crimes charged against him
In the indictment, having been perpetrated in the interim
between the time when-he was elected senator and the
time when he was sworn in, then not being a United States
senator in a technical sense, there was nothing to do but
to enter & nolle prosequi in the case and allow the distin
guished senator, from Nebraska to go his way In peace.
The decision of United States Circuit Judge Van De
vanter in defining when a senator is a senator was there
fore of the most vital consequence to Dietrich, for on it
hinged whether or not there would be presented an op
portunity to try the case on Its merits or dismiss it upon
purely technical grounds. Fortunately for Dietrich the
decision was all right for htm. The decision was doubt
less good law; if Judge Van Devanter did not believe it so
it is Idle to think that a man of his quality would have
given record to the opinion. But while it provided a loop
hole for the escape of Dietrich, and while be avoids the
legal consequences of what are believed to have been his
crimes, he has in no sense escaped the moral responsi
bility which still attaches to them. He may be deemed
fortunate to have escaped legal punishment, but this Is a
long ways from a triumphant vindication after a fair trial
in open court. He Is apparently perfectly satisfied to es
. cape on purely technical grounds and, so far as the law
is concerned. It is through with him, but bis 'trial will
still go on before the bar of public opinion where tech
nicalities are not recognized, where each case is weighed
on its actual merits and wher! a silent but effective ver
dict is thereupon rendered. In that arena- he is- still
, .... a - a ji .. i . . I m . . 1 ... . . . a V s. n .4
fear It would not.be much to the satisfaction of Ne
braska's thrlftly senator. .-That verdict, will, find expres;
slon when the senator in due course comes up for re-election,
if his party will then have the nerve to stand sponsor
for him. 5 " .. ; .i . -
A CAMPAIGN FOR. THE MOTHERS.
ifTAHE MOTHERS of the city, the women's clubs and
I . all organisations interested in the cause of hu
" ' , inanity, should unite in a determined effort to
abolish those dreadful adjuncts of the public schools, the
so-dialled recreation basements. For years they have been
accepted as a matter or course! 'They were ln- use, there
fore they were accepted because they were in existence
or because they were believed to be the best that could
possibly be done under the circumstances. . In a section
where "rain is ' the most distinct and blessed feature of
the climate a foolish fear had grown up that the public
school children would in some mysterious way be hurt by
It. It was a fear which was shared by parents who, it
they were unwise enough to coop up the children in their
homes every time rain threatened, would have them in
doors much of the time during the winter season and on
the sick list most of the time.
But the system of keeping the children within doors
during the school hours has grown apace until it threatens
to become imbedded for, all time in our public school sys
tem. The very best of theae baeerrients are cold and
cheerless. They are all poorly lighted and evil smelling,
some to an unbearable degree and some less bo. No dis
interested person who has made an' Investigation of the
question has any "doubts that they must have a bad effect
upon the health of all the children and a really serious
effect upon children of delicate organizations. .That the
health of every child is involved, if not actually impaired,
by the forced recesses in these dungeons every medical
expert firmly believes. In the estimation of The Journal
no more serious responsibility rests upon the school au
thorities than that of the health of the children who are
under their charge for so many hours during the long
school term. If the health of the children is impaired, it
their physical growth Is stunted, if their vitality is re
duced by any rule or regulation, it matters not how fully
the schools meet the requirements in other respects, they
nevertheless must be regarded as fatal and fundamental
failures. ' '
A serious campaign in this direction has already been
too long delayed. There is no need to wait until such
time as the public provides adequate recreation grounds.
These must come in due course of time. But meanwhile
a fearful responsibility rests upon the school authorities.
It involves the health and future of the children under
their ' charge. "That responsibility should and must be
met. It should be met now. It can be partially met by
abolishing the foul basements as so-called recreation
centers for the school children.7 It can be almost fully met
in all the schools even now by giving outdoor recesses,
ln'a recess there are two essential things demanded. The
first. of these is freedom, from restraint and the second la
the opportunity to fill the lungs .with pure, fresh and In
vigorating air,,; For. this there, can. be no substitute and
no makeshift will do, least of all the nauseating base
ments which are now sapping the energies of the school
children of Portland. 1 . . ,
As we have, said, here is an opportunity for the mothers
of Portland to work through a reform that will mean much
for the coming generation of men and women and, by
raising the physical standards, at the same time ele
vate and strengthen the mental qualities as well. ,
PRICES TOO LOW AND TOO HIGH.
ffHHI PRUNE RAISER is deeply Interested in the
I price at which his prunes are sold at any place
in "the world. This is natural enough and the
matter of high prices at retail and low prices to those who
cultivate the prune should receive his earnest attention, as
it will at the meeting to be held In this city next week.
i But the consumer of Portland likewise has a deep per
sonal interest in the subject. By going 20 miles up the
river he can buy prunes from the dryer at one cent a
pound; by going to his grocer he can buy them in 10-pound
boxes for a dollar or in bulk at the rate of eight and a
third cents a pound. The relation between the price of
the prune in the Willamette valley and the price of the
same prune in New York involves some complicated
figuring, but the relation between the price 20 miles away
and the price in Portland 'should be much more simple,
while the outrage on the consumer is even more manifest.
.We hope the prune-raisers will go deeply into this ques
tion, for In developing their own Interest they will lnci-.
dentally shed a flood . of light which will illumine , the
case .for the consumer who is now being outrageously held
up. We call particular attention to this case for it is of
a piece with others, where. Oregon raised products, which
have little freight to pay, cost the consumer excessively
high rates, the bulk of which do not go to the raiser.
All of this means that while we raise here pretty nearly
everything needed in our business, for some reason the
cost of living is rapidly going higher and while the profits
of the producers are not increasing proportionately, the
consumer Is paying altogether too high for his whistle.
The general subject Is well worth a close Investigation, for
artlflcally raised prices are among the most serious evils
which now confront the country.
The esteemed Oregonlan contrasts the military .accom
plishments of President Roosevelt' and President Jackson
Without inftny way dimming the brilliancy of Roosevelt's
record. ''Roosevelt's dashing leadership at San Juan hill,"
It says, "made him governor of New York and vice-presi
dent" Roosevelt's dashing leadership on San Juan hill
consisted solely, as he himself confesses, in safely watch
ing that movement through a field glass from the neigh
boring Kettle hill, while the colored and white troops, with
whose disposition he had no mone to do than the editor
of the Oregonlan who was then safely ensconced In the
Tall Tower, picturesquely forced their way to the crest
It is thus that some history is written and the capable
press s gent earns his wages and gets for his favorite
very much more than Is Justly his due.
JAKES X. BABB'B CABXSB.
JHe Km Blum Trom Messenger Boy to
a Bailroad Fresldsacy.
From the New York Times.
Severn! changes were made yesterday
In the personnel of the official-, of the
Seaboard Air Liu at a meeting of the
txiard of directors of , . the ., company.
John Bkelton Williams, heretofore
president of the system, was elected
chairman of the board of directors of
the fond, a position especially created
for Mm by an amendment of the by
law. - "" ...
Mr. Williams was succeeded as presi
dent by James M. Barr, heretofore vlce
prexldent of the system. Mr. Williams,
It 'is understood, found that tils varied
linking interests demanded more time
than h could spare while holding the
mo of preoid'nt. Mr. Barr is sup
voQi to te the choice of the new inter
ests that recently came into the com
pany. ' i
Mr. Barr is a native of Ohio, where
he was born , in 1855. He entered rail
way service In 1811 as a messenger boy
in the office of the superintendent of one
of the divisions of the , Pennsylvania
railroad. After that he became stenog
rapher and then clerk In the vice-president's
office of the Chicago, Burlington
& Quincy. In J888 he became superin
tendent of the jChicogo, Burlington &
Northern. From that office he went to
the Union Pacific, and in 1890 he Joined
the Chicago, Milwaukee St St. Paul.
From 1894 until 18&6 h .was with the
Great Northern, which he left as gen
eral (Superintendent to, become vice
president and general manager of the
Norfolk tc Western. In 1899 he became
third vice-president of the Atchisw,
Topeka & Santa Fe, which position 1)
occupied until he went to the Seaboard
Air Line: . , '
DUBIOUS FBOFSBTXES OF BADXUSL
- Mme. Curie in January Century.''
. The properties of .radium are ex
tremely curious. This body emits with
great intensity all of the different rays
that are produced in a vacuum tube.
The radiation, measured by means of an
electroscope, is at leant a hilllion times
more powerful 'than that from an. equal
quantity of uranium.1' A charged elec
troscope placed at a distanceof several
metres- can be discharged by s few
centigrammes of a radium salt. On can
also discharge an electroscope- through
a screen of glass or lead five or six
centimetres thick.- Photographic plates
placed in the vicinity of radium-are al
most Instantly affected if no screen in
tercepts the rays; with screens the ac
tlon is slower, but It 'still takes place
through very 'thick ones If the exposure
is sufficiently long. Radium can there
fore be used in the production of radio
graphs, . -.
Famous Sermon From the Bible
The parable of the sower and the seed
the exposition of lto The parable of
the tares, of the mustard seed, of the
leaven, of the hidden treasure, of the
pearl, of the 'drawnet cast into the
sea: and how Christ is contemned of
i his own countrymen. - -,
St Matthew, 13:1-88. .-
The same day went Jesus out of the
house and sat by the sea side.
1 And , great multitudes were gathered
together unto him, so that be went into
a ehlpi and sat; and the whole multi
tude- stood on the shore.
And he spake many things unto them
in parables, saying, Behold a sower
went forth to sow;
And when he sowed, some seeds fell
by the way side, and the fowls came
and devoured them up;
Some felt upon stony places, where
they Had not much earth: and forth
with they Bprung up, because they .had
no deepness of earth; . .
AndwhentheBun"wasup, they were
scorched; and because they had no root,
they withered away.
And some fell among thorns; and the
thorns sprung up, and. choked them: '
But other fell into good ground, ana
brought forth f rutt, some an hundred-:
fold, some : sixtyf old, some : thlrtyfold. '
who hath ears to hear, let him hear.
And the disciples came, and said unto
him, Why speakest thou unto them in
parables T 1
lie answered and said unto them, De-
cause. It is 'given unto you to know the
mysteries of the kingdom of heaven.'
but to them It Is not given. - :
For whosoever hath, to him shall be
given, and he shall have more abund
ance: but whosoever bath not, from
him shall be taken away even that he
Therefore speak I to them in par
ables: because they seeing see not; and
hearing they hear not, neither do they
And in them is fulfilled the prophecy
of Esalas, which salth, By hearing ye
shall hear, . and shall not understand;
and seeing ye shall see, and Bhall not
For this people's heart is waxed
gross, and their ears are dull of hearing.
and their' eyes they have closed; lest
at any time they should see with their
eyes, and hear with their ears, and
should understand with their heart,
and should be converted, and I should
But blessed are your eyes, for they
see: and your ears, for they hear.
For verily I Say unto you, That many
prophets and righteous men have de
sired to see those things which ye see,
and Tiave not seen them; and' to hear
those things which ye hear, and have
not heard them. '
Hear ye therefore the parable of the
When any one heareth the word of
the kingdom, and understandeth It not.
then cometh the wicked one, and eatcn-
eth away that which was sown in his
heart. This is he which received seed
by the way side.
But -be that received tne seea mio
stony places, the same is he that hear
eth the word, and anon with Joy re-
ceiveth It; - ..
Yet hath he not root In himself, but
dureth lor a while: Tor when tribula
tion or persecution arlseth because -of
the word,, by and by he is offended.
lie also that received seed among the
thorns is he that he'areth the word i and
the care of this world, and the deceit,
fulness of riches, choke the- word, and
he becometh unfruitful. - '
But he that recelveth seed Into the
the good ground Is he that heareth the
word, and understandeth it; which also
beareth fruit, and brlngeth forth, some
an hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty,
Another -parable put he forth unto
them, saying. Tie kingdom of heaven
is likened unto a man which sowed good
seed in his field:
But while men slept, his enemy came
and sowed tares among the wheat, and
went his way.
But when the blade was sprung up,
and brought forth fruit, then appeared
the tares also. .- "
So the servants of the householder
came and said unto him, Sir, didst not
thou sow good seed in thy field? From
whence then hath it tares? .
lie Said unto them, An enemy hath
done this. The servants said unto him.
Wilt thou then that we go and gather
But he said. Nay, lest while ye gather
up the tares, ye root up also the wheat
Let both grow together until the har
vest: and In the time of harvest I will
say to the reapers, Gather ye together
first the tares, and bind them In
bundles and burn them: but gather the
wheat into my barn. . .
Another parable put he forth unto
them, saying. The kingdom of heaven is
like to a grain of mustard seed, which
a man took, and sowed in his Held:.
Which is Indeed the least of all seeds:
but when it is grown, It is the greatest
among herbs, and becometh a tree, so
that the birds of the air come and lodge
In the branches thereof.
Another parable spake he unto them;
The kingdom of heaven Is like unto
leaven, which a woman took, and hid
in three measures of meal, till the whole
All these things spake Jesus unto the
multitude in parables; and without a pa
rable spake he not unto them:
That it might be fulfilled which was
spoken by the prophet, saying, I will
utter things which have been kept secret
from the foundation of the world. !
Then Jesus sent the multitude away,
and went into the house: and his di
sciples came unto him, saying, Dcfclare
unto us the parable of the tares of the
lie answered and said unto them, He
that soweth the good seed is the. son. of
The field Is the world; the good seen
are the children of the kingdom; but the
tares are the . children of the wicked
The enemy that sowed them is the
devil; the harvest' is the end of the
world; and the reapers are the angels.
As therefore the tares are gathered
And .burned In the fire; so shall it be in
the end of this world. '
The son of man shall send forth his
angels, and they shall gather out of his
kingdom oil things that offend, and them
which do iniquity; 1
And shall cast them into a furnace
of fire: there shall be wailing and gnash
ing of teeth.
Then shall the righteous shine forth
as the sun in 1 the kingdom of their
father.--1' Who hath ears to hear, let him
; Again, the kingdom of heaven Is like
unto treasure hid in a hay field; the
which when a man hath found, he htdeth.
and for Joy thereof goeth and selleth all
that he hath, and buyeth that field. ,
Again, the kingdom of heaven is like
unto a merchant : ma,n, seeking goodly
pen rls: . '
Who when.' he had' found one pearl of
grea,t price, went and sold all that he
had,1 and bought it.
Again, the kingdom of heaven is like
onto a net,, that waS" cast Into life sea,
and gathered of every kind:
- Which, when it wes full, they drew to
shore, and sat down, and gathered the
good lntovvessels, but cast the bad away.
So shall it be at the end of the world:
the angels shall come' forth, and sever
the wicked from among, the Just,
' And shall cast them into the furnace
of fire: there shall be walling and gnash
ing of teeth. j
, Jesus salth unto them. Have ye under
stood all these things?. -They sayunto
him. Yea,: Lord.
Then -said he unto them, Therefore
every scribe whichi is instructed unto
the kingdom of heaven is like unto a
man that is an householder, which brlng
eth forth out of his treasure things new
and old. ,
And it came to pass, that when Jesus
had finished these parables, he departed
thence. . , '
. And when he was come into his own
country, he taught them in their syna
gogue, insomuch that they were aston
ished, and said..' Whence hath this man
this wisdom, and these mighty works?
Is not this the carpenters son? is not
his mother called Mary? and his breth
ren. James, and Joses, and Simon; and
And his sisters, are they not all with
Us? Whence then hath this man all these
And they were offended in him.' But
Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not
wtthottt bonour, save in his own country.
and in his own house.
And he did not many mighty works
there because of their unbelief.
',i:'i-.- 1AS YEAB IH BAWCS.VCP'i.
Bepublle Quiet In 1903, Except for Be-
Ugtous and Xabo Troubles.
Parts Correspondence of Chicago News.
Franc's has -had a comparatively quiet
year, but the third republic he been
making Important history nevertheless;
doubtless development Is easier When the
mob is In the cabaret Instead of the
street. During nearly every month of
the ' year, however, blood has been shed
in the provinces over the continued ex
pulsion of brotherhoods and sisterhoods
of teaching monks and nuns whom the
government that succeeded M. Waldeck-
Rosseau has been intent on driving from
the country. Meantime the - republican
schools have made good their claim of
being able to handle the extra hundreds
of thousands of pupils and surreptitious
ly in various places the Jesuit and. other
orders are continuing their work on a
smaller scale. ,ffhe year 1903 will rank
as a "via dolorosa" for organized bodies
of Catholic teachers.
The most important event of the year
otherwise has been the visit of King Ed
ward VII, which' has-gone a long way
toward decreasing the - traditional ani
mosity which the French have felt for
the English more than the latter far
the French. The occasion, was in Ad
vance seized upon by the ardent advo
cates of international arbitration in
Paris to bring about a treaty between
France and England, which Is today ef
fective though naturally not so extensive
in its provisions as its authors hope it
The visit of the French parliamentary
group; in favor of arbitration to London,
followed later in the year by a visit from
the corresponding group in the house of
commons, went still further to insure
the effective working of a convention
which had taken its beginning before
even Edward came to Paris,
The half-tragic, half-Jocose "Humbert
affair" has " been settled during August
of the present year, . when Therese
Humbert and the rest of the swindling
family appeared' before the -assizes and
four were sent to Jail for varying pe
riods. The year closes.' with, the estab-.
llshment of a special commission to ex
amine Into the relations which are sup
posed to have existed" between the fa
mous family and .sundry French public
men. : Thus far 'nothing haa been discov
ered more important than that the Hum
berts foresaw the approaching calamity
with sufficient, clearness . to try to ce
ment any and all powerful public rela
tionships possible, ' , -
In the closing days of the year it looks
as if ex-Capt. Alfred Dreyfus would at
last obtain the final. and effective revi
sion of his trial. The "new fact" which
had to be ascertained or suspected be
fore the case could be technically re
opened consists in a repetition of what
was recognized as vitiating the first trial
In Paris in 1894 the. communication to
the Judges of matter with which the de
fendant's lawyers were not given the op
portunity to become acquainted, v M.
Dreyfus Is playing a quiet role in the
affair, but in one sense the affair is out
of his hands and in those of powerful
political personages with, whom Dreyfus
personally counts ss only part of the
question at issue.
The labor troubles in the country since
last January have been Incessant, but
with the exception of the strike in the
manufacturing district around Armen
tleres they have not been important, and
even the Armentiere problem was not
solved. Military force and the physical
necessities of the. strikers themselves
patched up a "modus operandi" which in
question Of hours of work, fair wage
and right for labor to organize will last
until the committee now deliberating on
the subject comes to some kind of a
conclusion. . ' .
In the meantime the socialist move
merit is growing in France, as through
out the rest of Europe, and the workmen
are lulled into the hope of speedy direct
In aeronautics little progress has been
made. The lack of a light and powerful
motor delays further advancer The ca
tastrophe on the Metropolitan Under
ground railway led the government to in
sist on such precautions as will prevent
similar accidents in the future. Franca
lost few of her leaders In 1908. There
has' been no unusually noteworthy con
tribution to literature, art or musical
composition. s ' ':
DZ OXSHOZOL AT SSTEXTCY.
New York Was Granted Perpetual Monopoly in
, . Steam Navigation . .
. . From the New York Sun.
.An interesting and a rather remarka
ble group of men is the Eleventh Army
Corps association, which' had Its annual
dinner at the Hotel Martin the other
night, and perhaps the most Interesting
of all its members is the venerable Gen.
Louis P. dl Cesnola. . The. general is
pretty well known to the art world of
the United States and Europe through
his long connection with the Metropoli
tan Museum of Art, but the public is not
so familiar : with his career as a sol
dier. ' ; :
At the age of 17 years Dl Cesnola was
fighting the battles of Italy. NOw, some
what past the. three-score-and-ten mile
stone, this old soldier is not only able to
look back upon his fighting days in his
native land, but also , to . service in the
Crimea, and to service in the civil War
of our own land. For the latter he re
ceived thanks and a medal of honor frorrt
the congress of the United States, Gen
eral dl Cesnola is hot. the . only: medal
man In the association. General Schurs,
who commanded the Kleventh army
corps on the first day at Gettysburg, is
another; and Captain I recti, who opened
the first- day's, fight -at Gettysburg, in
command of a battalion, is another. Jt
is an Interesting fact that all three of
these gallant fighters of the civil' war
were born on foreign soil. J;; " .Jl. ,
From the New York World.
What steam navigation in the waters
of New York would be like today If
confined by monopoly to the heirs of
Fulton and Livingston Is an interesting
problem. , .
' All the ocean steamers, all the coast
wise eraft, all the harbor tugs and ex
cursion boats belonging te :a perpetual
monopoly! The city could hardly have
thriven under such a regime, "iet the
legislature in 1823 did enact such a
monopoly law. and it was enforced for
two years, " as described by E. F. De
Young in the New York, New Haven and
Hartford Railroad News! " .
- The steamboat Fulton had made her
first trip to New Haven in 1815. Seven
years later the New York legislature
to recompense , the Fulton and. Living
ston heirs for labor and expense upon
steamboat construction for public bene
fit, granted the monopoly. Connecticut
promptly responded with a counter-law
forbidding New ..York boats, to ply in
There was in New York harbor then,
nearly finished, the -steamer United
States, left apparently useless by' the
New York monopoly law. Benjamin
Beecher. Jeklel Forbes and Stephen
Hugglns were; her owners, and she was
to be "Jhe pioneer of the fleet or . the
New Haven line. '
- How to get the United States into
Connecticut waters, was a problem, The
new law forbade the plying of 1 any
steamboat except those of the monopoly
In New York. So the , large sloop
Huntress, belonging to Captain Beecher;
was sent down to tow tne steamer into-
Connecticut waters. ; When the Huntress
began to beat up the East river there
was excitement at Hell Gate, where
obstruction had been placed with the
hope of getting the United States
ashore, l But Captain Beecher was equal
to the occasion. A good stiff breeze had
set in from the southwest, and standing
on the deck of the sloop, calm and reso
lute, he guided his charge safely
through the swift currents of the Gate
Into Long Island sound. Meanwhile the.
crew of the steamer had not been idle;
steam had been -made and immediately
the two vessels 0were clear of New York
waters the United States took the
Huntress in tow and steamed , to New
Haven. Captain Beecher was . then
LETTERS FROM THE PEOPLE
. : What We're Coming; To. .
From the Atlanta Journal. -An
establishment for the cure of shy
ness has been opened in London. . We
shall soon see advertisements headed;
"Blushing Cured by Mail." .
4 ';:, r They;0n''-u;:r4ls'!'-ii"
From' the Washington (la.) Democrat.
We hope nobody ever courted like they
do on the stage. .
, ' . ' ' t 'I
j. Extending the Principle.
Portlond. Jan. 7. To the Editor of
The Journal. Good morning Mr. Policeman.
Good morning, sir, What can we do
for you? --' - ' -
'Well, it's iike this, see! I'm a profes
sional burglar and want to do business in
Tut! Tut! that's clean against tne
law and ordinsnces. We should have to
run you In. What's that you got In your
Them's a slick lot -of -drill and Jim
mies. Got a nice wad of capital tied up
In 'em and It would work me a hardship
to have to lay 'em oft. See?
Yes, I see, and if you get. busy in this
town you gets pinched. See? - , o
- Wot fell do youse suppose I- piked
all across the continent for? Me frens
Ntcky Slot .and Greeney Wheel wrote
me dere -was easy money here.
- So there 1, and we need a .bunch for
City Improvements. -., : .
Sure ting, pard; everybody should chip
In. ' Now I don't wants to be bothered
with being pinched every time I goes out
to crack a crib. Suppose I Just comes
'roun every two weeks and gets fined, see?
then the swell guys contributes trough
me, See? I'm Just a collector, See?
: Ye-e-s.' Guess you better see the front
office and get the law on the case.
,8'long Mr. Cop, this town, all right,
all right. No more East for me till 1906.
See? ' SILAS.
A Briton's Beply.
Portland. Jan. 9. To. the Editor of
The Journal: Referring to a letter in
your issue of yesterday, under the head
ing, "England in the Controversy," I
would say it would be an Insult to the
Intelligence of the readers of the daily
papers to answer the several statements
in detail. The whole article is so pal
pably false tnat It Is surprising the
writer should -expect anyone to believe
him.' Is It the raving of 'a mono
maniac, or a display of the executive
ability of the "would-be" home ruler?
From the Chicago Tribune.
God gives peace by sending pain.
Perfection never, comes by patching.
As long as sin is hidden it is grow
ing. , .-
Many. a man's walk snuffs out his talk.
He lights no lives who makes light of
The poorest church is the one that
has no' poor. ,
Manhood is the greatest magnet, in
- ', v '4; : '' -' -vv :.' : ':l -;,.,'
The serious life expresses itself . In
'' V'n. ':V, '"";.V:''""i ' ''Vsr ';.,:,; y?'
Uncover the cause of sin and you dis
cover its cure.
v A slanderous tongue without listening
ears would be as idle as a clown in
the desert. ...
The giving of grace depends on the
grace of giving. .
4v"v .'.;.?'..,..,'. ;. .-,.' e ;,, '-i'-fV':;:;.'l
The true leader IS ever ready to re
celve new light ' ; ,
' When a donkey . gets a diploma he
bangs It on his ears. v.
iV-':':;-:.:..'; t' -:-,'i. :?'J
i A man cannot reverence that which
he cannot respect. , . ,
i.-.'i".A:. , . :::,?: t. : ;: p 'i Si ' j
j We need to look forward, for we. mi. :i
some day took back. ;
:; Tv?-ZJ-':XiS'AS' ' ''prf--irr-V':,-;'y- -xif
Character is the n . thing" without
limit in its development. . -'
The best religion to have in hand is
the kind we give away,
u: !" ',-..:-.:' '.'.- ' .;.;:.v-"";''; r.. ' .,.T
Sanitation is not salvation, but salva
tlon will includo sanitation. J ., -.
'v;' i 5' ;' i'A-i'S
'? False love will fatten a foe as surely
as true love will finish him., r .
Reflections of a Bachelor. " ' '.
i . From the Nw York Tress. -"-' ',--;
Some women save money for men by
not marrying ihem. . , . ;
When-you hear that people have re
formed, either they aro pretty sick or
very old. s . , :i
s Men go to the1 opera with theli wives
Just the way women listen to the polit
ical arguments of their husbands. i j
. It makes a man feel- awful -cheap 9
go home and find calling on bis wife a
woman who reiusen to iook ai mm i
transferred from the sloop -to the com
mand of the United States.
The United States made several ex
cursions after her arrival in New Haven,
and when the legislature set in May she
went to New London and Norwich and
brought on the members from that sec
tion of the State. -,
, The United States was, considered. fleet
of wing and of magnificent proportions.
The. boat . had no staterooms and the
entrance to her cabin was not mucli
larger than ' the - companion-way -of a
small sloop. The pilot stood in the stern
and guided the vessel with a tiller. As
a means of protection In stormy weather
the pilot had rigged up on deck-a struc
ture which might have been taken tor a
floating chicken-coop. '
The cost of the United States. Includ
ing furniture "tackle end equipment,
amounted - to 822,899.44. Some of. the
items-- includsd , were' back-gammon
boards. and .lamps,. 831,88;' blankets,
122.25: two chessboards. 82; carpeting.
851.68: kitchen furniture, $109.8$; bed
lace, (2.50; set chessmen, $4.76; sheet
' June t, 1827, the United States started
in making three, regular trips, each week
between New Haven and,. By ram Cove,
with side trips to New London- and
Norwloh.- Byram Cove Is situated, at
the boundary line of New. . York state
and Connecticut. The restricting ,,laws
would not permit the boat. to enter New
York waters, - consequently - connection
was made to this point with stages to
and from New York, requiring passen
gers -to Journey overland a distance of
28' miles. The : fare was. then...,,
through. - ,
f ; These tslps to Byram Cove continued
nearly ' two years, when in the. spring
of 1824 the law restricting steam navi
gation was declared unconstitutional
by the United States, court, -and steam
vessels were free, to run through to
New York or anywhere else they chose.
The system of - tickets ' was first
started on .the United States; previous
to this -the passengers .were way-billed'
the same as-freight. t It was the custom
when coming Into harbor of a dark
night to fire a small cannon from the
bow of the steamer as a signal for the
stages to be In readiness to convey 'pas
sengers on to Merlden, Hartford, Provi
dence and Boston.' ,- , ., ;
' Advice to the iJcrvdorh
BY BXATSICE rAIXTAX.
' Portland.' Or., .Dec. 29. Dear "Miss
Fairfax Reading the letter' in - last
night's Journal asking If a man tires
Of a woman after they are married, 1
could not resist answering it, but If not
In , order ..please put In waste basket, I
have been married 12 years. end If you
could be a mouse and peep in sometimes
you would think we had Jjst. begun our
honeymoon, but we never - act- soft or
silly In. company. -My husband says he
would rather have our love in the home.
A friend - said about two years - ago; v I
know John loves you. I can see it in
his eyes when he .speaks to you or of
you. I was 21 and he was most 23 when
we were married., , Magdalyn would see
something In her 'lover tha t would, dls
rust (her. If he is not the right jooe. I
know I did' with different young .gen
tlemen, till ...I,,, met my husband y'
kfnfc f.rtmnmmr' :tn hmifr...tiiA...vnfirv mnti
It seems to me, ,the day drags, tlli.be
comes .homa'from his business, .and , It
seems if - he was. . taken .' from,- me i I
couldn't live- for .all : I rhave two chil
dren to live' for. Yours In favor o,f
marriages.. . . ' '. 1 . .
. A CONSTANT READER.
My Dear Miss Fairfax Kindly give
mo your advice in this matter -A young
man who is two years my junior haa
Just told me of his love for me. I al
ways considered him my brother's friend
and never thought that ' he even cared
for me. If you were me would you learn
to love this young fellow I know that
I could or would you consider him a
he was always to' me, my 'brother's
friend? I have other frlertds, and be is
always at our house and sees me going
out, but never mentions it. I have been
out several times with him, but never
suspected anything. Kindly reply as
soon' as possible, for : I Shall see him
soon. and he wishes an answer either
one way or another, and I am doubtful
as to what to tall him It was so sud
den. , BEATRICE YOUNG;
If you do not love him there is but one
answer to give him, and that Is "No."
Tell. him you do not love' him. but that
you feel that you might learn to. Theni
If he wasti to wait, try the learning pro
cess. Human love, you know, Is not the
growth of humanJ'will. and you 'can't
make yourself love anyone. , ,
- My Dear Miss Fairfax 1 am a young
girl of 18. I am in love with a young
man of 23. ' Last summer Defore going
to the country he asked If he might
write to me. I said yes,, and when I
answered his letter I found he bad gone
out West to his home, as he was 111. I
love him dearly, and, as he. has told me
several times that he loves me, I thought
I would write to him, as I know his ad
dress. .But he does not know mine." He
says he will marry me as soon as I
am a little older. . Do you think It proper
for me to write him and send him my ad
dress? . ANXIOUS READER..
Yes, If there is any understanding be-'
tween you, it is quite proper, for you
to write to him,-but If he does not an
swer your letter do not persist lh writing.
Men, you know, sometimes grow careless
and forget their promises when they go
far away, S i
.-.'.-', n ii ' I. ...j. i .. i nil' .
' WOMEW Ag Z.A.WYEBS.
Professor Ashley in Harper's Weekly.
Today women are admitted to the bar
on equal terms with men in 84 states
of the union. Woman Is Intellectually
as capable of .studying-, law as man.
There, Is nothing to deplore In the tend
ency to enter the Inw. They lose
thereby neither chirm nor tany true
womanly character;-! no study.or train
ing; can change a genuine woman to
anything else she will be after, as she
was before, the same genuine woman.
As far as education is concerned,
woman is in the. law to stay, and the
world will bo better for it. . New York
university has a regular law course for
women, and has graduated soma 68 with
the degree Of bachelor of law's. The
work pf-these women n the law school
Is generally ; excellent; and in soma
cases brilliant ,
NEEDED THE aABSEJT SEEDS. i
From the Washington Post" '
Representative 'Tim" Sullivan was
engaged in a heated argument the other
day with several members over the reso-i
lutlon Introduced by Representative
ftheppard of Texas to abolish-the free
distribution of garden seeds by the de
partment of agriculture.
"My constituents believe, in the free
distribution of garden seeds, and I shall
hot vote, to rut thorn off," declnred Mr,
Sullivan,' who represents the east slda
of Greater New York. - ... x -, .;
"But what possible uae csn your con
stituents have for garden, seeds?11 some
one naked,' 1
"They make soup of them," responded
the New York member."