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Tta Weather I
Tonlgnt and' Sunday cloudy and
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winds. -. - ,
-ADVERTISING IN THE JOURNAL
VOL. II. NO. ' 25G.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY 2. 1904.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
GUM OF WAR
V Jf I w. I i 1 1 . J i M 1 1 1 1 ' ll-" '" rT'.1",':""' Vftf N 'J--LLS A? Tha ) '"" --iii.ii- 1 v 1 1 II II II II IV I
A 1 Id
The Announcement Comes
That Japan and Russia
LONG, BITTER STRIFE
At Foreign Capitals the 'Expression Is
General That, War Cannot Be
Averted Japan Begins - .
. , - Action at Once.'. , -
(Journal Special SerTtee.) ,
v Baa Francisco, Jan. " p. m The
Central cable baa Jnst received, a dis
patch that Japan and Btuehwt' hostili
ties Itara commenced. A large grain
firm, a member . of the ( board of trade,
received a cablegram at noon from Hong
Bong stating that Japan had ordered the
beginning of warfare, and would, before
the day la orer, Issue instructions to nor
foreign minister to that effect.
!:."'. (Journal Special Service.)
-Washington. Jan. " WWar between
Russia and Japan la now believed to
be certain by high government officials
and by the leading foreign ministers at
this capital. .' " --'""'--.
' The dispatch from London late yester
day to the effect that Baron. Hayashl.
the Japanese minister there, had been
informed from Paris that Russia has
decided not to grant any of Japan's
proposal, bears great weight in the opin
ions of diplomats who are wise on tha
serious , situation. It is believed here
that Russia will try and avoid malg
any reply to tha last Japan note, wafch
will mean war; as certainly as though
the csar government had made an open
refusal to grant the proposals.
Tha attitude of the United States in
the event of war will be neutral, al
though it is feared that one or the
other of the belligerent forces' may over
step rights of . zieutral .commerce which
would have the .effect of - dragging
America into the contention. .'
The matter was discussed before. the
general staff Ot the army and the gen
eral board of the navy this morning and
It is understood that the general ex
pression is that war will surely ensue.
What action the president will imme
diately take Is not given the public, but
It Is surmised that "already plans are
formulating for the dispatch . of war
vessels to Far Eastern waters.
XUBSIA WAJTTS WAX.
St. Petersburg, Jan. 2. Morning pub
lications here ; today are loud In com
ment on the attitude assumed by Japan
on the Far. Eastern, question. The col
oring of all articles tend to show that
Russia is determined to settle matters
with Japan for all time and that no
answer will be given to the last note
of the mikado. -V .
J In other words the Russian press calls
for war and a short one, as it Is be-
AWFUL CRIME BY
THREE YOUNG BOYS
XBCAPED TBOX-BSPOBK 8CXOOX.,
TOTHO .DEQEITE BATES HEET SB
' rEWSElESS feUK AHD BATTEB
' OUT HIS BBAXirS. "aPTEB WXZCB
, THET BOB HIM.
(Journal Special Sfrrlce.) :
Riverside, Cel.; Jam .2.-Tlie mystery
surrounding the death of Ansel" Lewis,
, whose body waa found neaA Banning on
Thanksgiving day, was cleared up today.
He waa murdered by three boys, accord,
lng to the story told by one of them.
John Schofleld, Cornelius Crowley and
. Frank Ritchie escaped from the reform
school the day, before Thanksgiving. To
day Schofleld returned ; to tthe school,
, gave himself up, and. becoming con
science stricken, told the story of the
murder of Lewis. He said that when
Crowley and Ritchie escaped they made
thetr way to the Banning road and on
Thanksgiving day fell in with Ansel
Lewis. In conversation with the boys
. I,cwls disclosed the fact that he had a
sum of money and some jewelry on his
person. Schofleld says the three' bo fa
upon learning this plotted to kill Lewis
and take his money and valuables. ,
Hit Kim Behind.
He say a that while Ritchie and Crow
ley engaged Lewis In conversation, one
v of them walking on each side of the
victim, Schofleld dropped behind to se
cure a heavy stone, and slipping up be-
- hind Lewis struck him a blow on the
head with It.1 Lewis 1 ell. from the blow
but was , Only stunned. When' he at
tempted to get up the three boys, accord
ing to Schofleld's story, fell upon the
. helpless victim and with stones beat out
his brains,. -The murder ot Ansel Lewis
was discovered Thanksgiving day. The
body was , terribly mutilated and the
Clothing save evtdnnce of having been
robhnd. The county officials were una
' ble to find a single clue to the murderers
and the tragedy rcmqrncd a mystery up
until today. . .
XAXSEB AGAINST CBUELTT.
(Journal SimtIhI Borrlce.) ,.
Berlin, Jan. . 2. The kaiser's New
Tear's reception' to iht) commanding bf
flcers of the army was Weld today. He
made a speech urging the.' suppression
of cruelty against the common soldiers.
- - -
GRAND WAR TOTAL
Non comnjlssioned officers and men.
Battleships, second class ...i.. ......
Battleships, third class V
Coast defense ships ........
Armored cruisers ......
Cruisers, ' first cljass
Cruisers, second class
Cruisers, third claBS .
Gunboats, sea-going- ....v.................
Torpedo-boat destroyers ........ .'.....I.. I
Torpedo-boats, firstclass ...... ....I. "...
Torpedo-boats, second class
Torpedo-boats, third class ... . .
................... ... .............
Secondary and machine .guns ..........
Total war strength
Officers . I .
i , Naval Forces
Battleships, second class ".
Battleships, third class
Coast defense ships . . . . . ..
Armored ; cruisers
Cruisers, first class
Cruisers, other classes
Gunboats . ..
Torpedo-boat, destroyers : . . .
Torpedo-boats, first class ..
Heavy guns ...J...
Secondary and .machine guns ........
lleved here that Japan will be an easy
combatant; 'to overcome ; Some fear is
expressed 'regarding the policy England
will assume, but in reading such articles
as are published it- appears that th
Russian people believe they are .the in
vincible world power, . . , ;-.i'vt
- OESXSAX. UXZrXB BAT WAB.
Richmond. Ind., Jan. 2. General
Miles, in an : interview here today pre
dicts a great war between Russia and
Japan. ' He thinks, , however, that the
Untied States will not be dragged into
It unless one of the combatants vio
lates international treaties.
WAB TnTAVOEDABtS. ,
London, Jan. 2. The sentiment on the
Japan-Russian matter' Is that war Is
now unavoidable.' Foreign Secretary
Lansdowne today; In conversation with
Ambassador Choate stated that he has
practically given up all hope for peace.
At Portsmouth all" is activity, and
Great Britain is taking no chances with
her Interests : in Korean waters. ' The
British armored cruiser King Alfred
PBESIDEBT OP VVXOB PACITXC HAS
TUT . WITH HABBXKAH "OTEB
PiECB WOBK SYSTEM IB TKB
SHOPS ABD QUITS WAS AB EP
n (Journal Special Service.) .,, .
Omaha, Neb., Jan. 2.- President of tha
Union Pacific railway Burt has tendered
bis resignation, He gives no reason
but the company has Issued an an
nouncement saying the resignation wll)
be acted upon in the near future. Bmt
has been - active for 80 years without
rest or recreation. He contemplates an
extended trip with his wife. He says
he has no other plans. v . 1 . '
; President Burt, it is currently re
ported in railway circles, says that the
cause of his resignation was a . dis
agreement with Harrlman over the
piece work system in the shops. But
was ar strong advocate of the system,
and this waa the principal question in
volved in the recent strikes. Harrlman
ordered the system abolished. Presi
dent Burt is credited with bringing the
Union Pacific out of a tshaotlo condition
to its present state of efficiency. It
Thorne, vice-president of the Texas Pa
cific, is mentioned as his successor. '
MORE ENGINEERS GO ,
OUT ON A STRIKE
.. (Journal Special SerTloe.) .
Chicago,. Jan. 2. The engineers of 40
sky-scrapers are out and the number is
increasing hourly. Non-unlonlsts are
begging to be put in their places. If the
engineers can't win the strike alone they
will ask- the firemen, - elevilpr men.
Janitors and scrubwomen to Join. , '
. VZWZ8TEB'S SON BUBIED.
, .(Journal Speolal Sirrrlce.) , i"
Havana,. Jan, 2. The funeral services
over the body of Fargo Bqulers, the
eldest son of the American' minister,
who was accidentally shot and killed
Thursday, was held today. , The scr.
vires wero attended by many prominent
officials. - - ,
OF RUSSIAN ARM
.. . ... t. .,.,,,,.,','. 4,960,129
. . M, ..... . ........,-..
', V 43
. f t , . ...... ......
baa been dispatched . to- China and four
warships were today ordered from' : the
Mediterranean to, China, waters, i Other
vessels ara under watting orders. '
WAB PBACTICALUT DXOXJLBED.
Toklo, Jau. 2. The Japanese, squad
ron composed of six cruisers now near
Nagasaki has been ordered to proceed
tomorrow to Korea, i It is rumored that
Japan intends to seise Mashampo at
once.. There Is a. feeling here among
foreign legations., that war has-, prac
tically been declared by the mikado, al
though nothing official , in this respect
can be obtained.' ; i 5 - '
CHIWA XAKES BSMAHB.
Pekln, Jan. 2. The Chinese govern
ment, today presented another ..formal
demand to the Russian minister that
Russia evacuate Manchuria, j ,
Amrnirmow FOB JAP AIT. ... :
Trieste, ' Jan. J. Three carloads ot
ammunition was shipped from here to
Japan today and larger quantities will
follow y., v.; .,'.-r'-
EXPERTS WORK At
' (Journal Special Service.)
Washington, Jan. 2. The Interstate
commerce commissioners have ordered
a full examination of the accounts of
the commission on the strength of the
information that the books were In an
Irregular condition. The treasury de
partment today, by request of the com
missioners, sent Special Experts Chase.
Ambrose and Taylor ( to the offices
where the examination of the accounts
will begin. A short time later: they
sealed the safe. The clerks or the ac
countants refuse to discuss the matter.
The department handles between 2250,
000 and 1300.000 annually. , t .
HEW POSTMASTERS APPOINTED.
(WaihlngtoB Bureau of Tha Journal.)
. Washington,' Jan. 2. The following
postmasters were appointed by the
president: Melville, William Hartell;
Monument, Edward C. Kenny. .... -
' ,' T AMOU8 CHUBOK DAMAGED. "
.,' (Journal Special Serrlce,)
; New York, Jan. 2. A fire today dam
aged the famous "Little Church Around
me torner. - ? - -
KISHINEFF MASSACRE TO
BE REPEATED JANUARY
" (Journal Special' Service.) . v v . -
" Kishlneffv Jan. 2. As Runs Ian Christmas approaches fear of a renewal of the massacre of Jews is caus- ,
lng a wholesale exodus. ; Ten thousandsa'Jew have left the city permanently and as many more will depart a
before January 7. While the authorities are 'reported to be quietly devising means to prevent blood-
shed, they are overtly derided by antl-semltes. - The situation Is very gloomy, as it is not believed the officials
are friendly, for suppression c-t a massacre. ' : ' - .
Threats written and verbal are made that the work 'of last Easter will be renewed at Christmas,' are
numerous. The Jews are fearful that the authorities, even if willing to protect them, will be unable to do
Last night notices "were posted
lng the authorities not to Interfere
Attention was also called to .the
the part, of officials. The notices
past deeds. ,v - . . :
'. ' ' " - ' - r-v '' ' ' ' ' "
i'' ! 1 1 1 i '
, BARRED OUT
; v ' . ' ' From the New York World. .
T ' 1 T T f IT I I I IT f 1 TIT T T T '-' 1"
CHINESE SLAVE GIRL
Which the Girl Chow Sheem Fled to Puget Sound
Girl Burns Marriage Certificate and Letters. ; :,
' , ' (Journal Special' Service.) 1 ;
Seattle, --Wash.. Jan. v 2. Traced to
her place ot hiding by an address found
In her husband's, pocket, Chow Sheem,
the slave girl sought-In Portland for
deportation, was arrested .by a. 'deputy
United States marshal late last night
She. was concealed a small shack in
the outskirts of South Seattle, occupied
by A. F. Gifford, a painter,, who says the
girl, was brought to him by Moy Sam
Sing, : Sam Keong,' the' mysterious hus
band, who was secretly married to the
slave j girl : last week at the Rescue
home, 350 Fourteenth street, Portland,
of which Mrs. W. 'S.' Holf is matron,
was arreated In a Chinese store yester
day noon on a charge of secreting. the
girl and stopping a federal process.
' Tried to Conceal Address. . '
When first arrested, he stoutly denied
the ' marriage, or even an acquaintance
with his wife. ' While in the inspector's
office he took, from his. pocket a small
envelope, tore It in bits and threw . it
Into the waste basket.' .' On the envelope
was the address of Gifford the painter.
Inspectors 'and deputy marshals were
ordered to search the. premises. - v ,
. Chinese Inspector Thomas Fisher was
the first to reach the Gifford house, but
he found three Chinese ahead of. him.
They were about to enter the house.
The inspector arrested one,; but the oth
ers escaped. : Tying his prisoner to the
fence. Fisher entered the house and ar
rested the girl Chow Sheem. , . '
As soon as the girl saw Fisher enter
the " house she . rushed i.to ,her 'grip,
snatched .out : her marriage license and
several r letters . and thrust them into
the fire. Fisher attempted' to prevent
the destruction of the papers and his
hands were seriously burned in the
tussle."';';, , .-'V' C
Says Mrs. Holt Asked Him to Wed.
Boeh v Chow Sheeny : and Sam , Keong
made, full confessions today. The hus
band declared that he had been asked by
Mrs. Holt to. marry the girl and Chow
Sheem said that , she had been hid to
... . - -
about the city, calling attention to the approaching Christmas and warn.'
with the, people -who wished to- annihilate the Jews.
fact that Jews.were allowed to leave the city , wjthout, due inquiry on
concluded -by saying that Jews must remain and pay the penalty ot their
...,.,.. ...... .... ., . j5 . . - ,
e e ' e
IN HIDING IN SEATTLE
prevent '.the authorities from reaching
her. - j
v She denies that her name is Ah Sou
as it appeared on the marriage license,
but that She is Annie Moy, the daughter
of Moy Sam Ping. , In testimony taken
by -Inspector "Barbour in the presence
of , Mrs. . Holt,-. at the Rescue home in
Portland .she - said, she . was . not Moy
Sing's daughter, but had been smuggled
into the country by Moy Sam Sing who
posed as her father. .
. Barbour in Seattle.
Inspector Barbour of Portland .was
summoned to Seattle, this morning and
is taking ' testimony in the case. He
has suspected -a plot all along, and
while pleased at the arrests, is incensed
ati the apparent trickery that has now
come to light t ' --:
"I 'was told by Mrs.: Holt." he said
today, "that the girl should not be taken
away unless . I was advised of her
whereabouts. ''But by the testimony of
both Sam Keong and Chow Sheem it is
evident that they were purposely hid.
The girl-was - married - to this- man - un
der ' a fictitious name and Mrs. Holt
brought her to the Wah Yuen store in
this city, - A day or two later she was
hidden by Moy Sam Sing with the white
family.' They knew we wished to keep
this girl within reach and they also
knew that she had made statements
criminally ' implicating Moy Sam Stnr.
For Mrs. Holt to spirit the girl away
and then to, find her in the. possession
of Moy Sam Sing, looks suspicious, to
say the least The sooner the methods
of this mission aie investigated the bet
ter." :V- ..'. .
. Kid Behind Joss.
When Inspector Barbour searched the
premises of the Wah Yuen company last
Sunday, where' the girl waa supposed to
be: 'hiding, he came very close 'to find
ing her.'1 While Mr. Barbour waa search
ing the ' bedrooms," little Chow Sheem
was hiding beneath one. of the huge
gods, which, adorn the large Joss housii
on the top floor. Mr. .Barbour left the
e 4 4
Rescue Home From
premises to secure' more help,' and it
was then that Moy Sam Sing took the
girl to white quarters.
No incriminating letters were found
in the possession of Chow Sneem. . It is
supposed that the letters she hastily
burned would throw more light on her
escape. ; An envelope in her grip, . ad
dressed to Mrs. Holt, contained a num
ber of photographs taken in Portland.
Sam Keong, husband of Chow Sheem.
is said to have a wife and children in
China. ' When first arrested he denied
that he had a wife In China, but ad
mitted that his sweetheart lived there.
His uncle, he said, alienated her affec
tions, and he was anxious to return to
China to settle ' the score. ' , .
.':.'. Caught By a Base. .
Sam Keong applied for a certificate
to return to China several days ago.
It. waa his anxiety to secure the certifi
cate that led to his arrest. " An Inspector
Visited Chinatown yesterday afternoon
and stated It was necessary to secure
more evidence from Bam before the
certlflcate-eould be-granted. Sam was
soon forthcoming, and he was placed
under arrest. , ' i
Sam Keong met Chow Sheem inhs
slave house and fell in love with her.
His cousin, Lam Gow, the notorious Sun
Francisco hllghbinder. was called In to
act as go-between. The escape to the
mission was .decided on at the room of
Si Ho; at Fourth and Pine streets, when
Chow Sheem and Sam Gow were, in con
ference. Shortly after the conference
the slave girl was on her way to the
mission. There Phe remained for a
few days, when the marriage was per
formed, i Rev. Edward L. Allen, assist
ant pastor of the Presbyterian church,
testlfled that he was acquainted .with
the groom and the marriage was per
formed by Rev. WV S. Holt at the home,
Wednesday evening, December 23. The
same night Mrs. Holt and the bride
wont to Seattle, but the groom lingered
In Portland a few days longer! Arriv
ing in Seattle.-Mrs; Holt and her pro
tege went to the store of the Wah Yuen
company, .Fourth and Washington
streets, in which My Sara Sing Is said
to bo materially interested; , ,
The officials " now k believe that the
escape of Chow Sheem from the slave
house and , the subsequent ; events were
part of a plan to take the slave girl
from the possession of Moy Bun, who,
it Is alleged, never made any apparent
attempt to settle with his creditors who
advanced him the money with which to
buy the' girl. In casting aiout for a
suitable master the Creditors decided on
young Lam Keong. Then followed he
escape to the Rescue home,, followed by
the clandestine marriage and -i subse
quent disappearance Of the couple when
It was learned that the authorities were
likely to deport the bride.
Perhaps the most picturesque 'figure
concerned in. the whole plot, and the one
who played an important hand, is Lam
Gow, a cousin of the husband, a Ban
Francisco' highbinder, . who . came . to
Portland for the sole purposo, it Is said,
of defending the girl and her youthful
husband from any attack thHt mlirht be
Instigated by Moy Bun or his fi tends.
It Is the custom among the Chinese to
select an outside and . unknown high
binder for any unusual or desperate
workvT r- -.- . ..
' (Continued on Page Two.).
Chicago Is Overcome with
Grief Today as Funeral
Corteges Pass. , .
SORROW, IS UNIVERSAL
At the Stroke of. Noon the Populace
, Uncovers Heads and Offers Silent .
, .; : PrayerMany Are Yet
" (Journal Special Service.) .,
Chicago, Jan. 2. Beneath a gloomy;
sky in oppressive silence and an atmos
phere which seems ominously laden
with death, Chicago is today a veritable
city of mourning. Whole streets which
on Saturday are usually resonant with
clang of commercialism, " whose pave
ments are wont to be thronged at this)
season . with merry-makers, whose sky-towering-
buildings are , accustomed to
the cheer; of throbbing activity-are so
silent; that the rattle of 'funeral trap
pings bears 'with it a sharp and sudden
shock. "Funeral after funeral, until the
grim - buildings themselves seem form
ing an alley-like guardway to a vast
gate of death. Hopeless, oppressive and
pathetic grief have changed the scene
of usual bustle to one of funeral sol
emnity and one of universal woe. No
sound. of ringing slelghbell, no shout of
mirth, no glad exchange of greetings,
but silence, awful in desolation, now and
then broken by a moan of despair.
. The street gamin has forgotten In this
environment of gloom to call his wares.
Cablo cars ' give no tongue to gong.
A City of tha Bead. '
Almost a city of dead, Chicago is to
day in the blackest and most profound
Brior.--Nori!BTms vital heart throb be
more plainly told than in words most
frequently hoard perhaps from one who
lost neither 'kin nor friend, "My God,
the little children," for in this mourn
ful rellhu'e this seemingly endless fun
eral' procession almost' all those silent
passengers ; Are encased in small, even
dimunltive coffins,' telling again but too
plainly of that plteously futile struggle
made by little hands and feet for life,
only' life and mercy. Mercy from the
fear-maddened throng that crushed them
to death under cruel feet, like cast off
blossoms or' dying flowers. Probably
'tis this which makes cold-blooded busi
ness men; officers familiar with scenes
of violent death; ! careless ones who
laugh and " hardened ' ; outcasts stand
bound for the nonce in'one common tie.
Uiai oi griei. . . . .-
Today There Are Store. .
Yesterday's papers contain . pages of
death lists, columns of burial notices.
Today's, tell of more. Yesterday f aires,,
of pedestrians bore a dazed look .of the
unreallstng. Today with comprehension
vivified by the. funeral panomara. those
same faces are seared with - sorrow's
t Obedient to Mayor Harrison's procla
mation that this be a day of mourning,
even those business houses which bear
no crepe telling of death brought home,
have closed their doors. That mael
strom of market, the board of trade, is
silent. . But a short ' time ago Chicago
stood at the stroke of noon for two full
minutes with uncovered, traffic stopped
and silence reigned while a loved and
martyred president was In a distant city
lowered into the grave. Today at a Ilk
time Chicago 'Stood in winter, hatless.
Immovable and bowed for five minntes
while hundreds of its own were laid
away. " ; ; ' .
. Echoed By Kerciless Winds. (
; Mayor Harrison's proclamation to this)
effect was not necessary to bring the
tragedy home, although it was issued
this morning.; For, as Dr. Hlrsch said in
an address last- night. ' 'Through tha
walls of 1,000 homes in this, our mourn
ing. city, sobs resound and are echoed on
the merciless wind that scatters voice
of bereaved throughout the world.",
'. Two hundred funerals in one day. yet
there are a few places of -. monotonous
activity; the morgues. Processions
which are '.by this time composed of
haggard men and, tearless women keep
up the weary round of search, that fol
lowing instinct which time nor civiliza
tion effaces, that of longtng to see one's
own dead. ; The morgue scenes no longer
bear individuality. It is now the uni
formity of the vain passing of long rows
of still forms, the broken silence, broken
enly by a short sob now and then, aa
a father, ' mother, sister, brother or
friend .reaches out a trembling hand
presaging the passing over a form of
that white, sheet' whose symbolism Is
Identified Then th , . visit of tho
death .wagon and one more -funeral no-
tlce is announced. '
Weary attendants at the morgues to
day began to long for a close, renllzing
that t in .that great array of : charred
bodies there are but a few who will
ever.agaln be known by name. - IdenH-'
flcatton comes more slowly and is nearly
at an end. but the grief does not di
minish nor the effarement of horrr.
The saCkcloth is heavy and ttttUen mo
heaped high. ,
663 Bodies Pound.
' Chicago, Jan. 2. Five hundred atnl
Slxt'y-,two bodies have been Identlllfd ii
to noon. A new order for addition"!
arrests was made this morning. It
be used providing the invpntfuat i-.i
now being made shows facts sui'
ticlent to cause the 1hhu of warrnniH.
They are operative awalnxt tlin iiw!.
who are charged -by 'the persons i
Ing from the theatre smt siiy tuui t
every exit the mshers barred th t.i
and ordered the crowd'to remslii mat - ,
One witness this morning, .iid tn:t i i
the gallery the chldiioii mlnt'iotc t .i
(Continued on.l'jjjo "Iho,;