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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 2, 1903)
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EUT" HANY 'CLAIHS UNJUST
Agricoltcrc and Cattle Breeding
tie Chief Basis of Wealth.
WASHINGTON,. Jan. 2 "Pernors fa
nillr with- tha resources of Venenivln."
Fitid a high Venezuelan official this after
noon, ."hav o fear that the Venfluelan
4.overtmMntfcwlll be unable to meet all of
i is- Just obligations as fast as they ma
ture.." 2dany - of th so-called foreign
'luima l 'lire : iu . imnura in juiuvv
:ia eauuv. ana it is or reason or inis
Uss of -claim that -much, ol the trouble
far as thf foreign bonded dobt ,pf the
country iw concerned, the customs re
ceipts of the several porta of the coun
try are. If not disturbed by Internal and
lort-lgn complications. sufHclent to meet,
as they fall due, all lla Wlltles.
"To beRln with, the public debt of Ven
ezuela il:itt-s fjrom the separation of the
Creat Celombla. and marks as far ba.'k
fis 182. Ji: November 1, ISfJo. thf forelirn
debt of Venezuela was' "4.7n3.4S7.2 boli
vars, and tier interior debt wa 1C6.540.
I'W.t.'S Ijulivars. makinjf a grand total of
debt, foreign and domestte, of 11i1.S!.1.7.tS.9."i
bolivars, large enough, I will admit, ujid
yet a smaller Indebtedness than that lt
any other Latin-American state. Now,
the bolivar Is eual to 1!23 cents in
1'nited States currency, ami it in easy
to figure out in d'llars and cents just
where the country BttnijR llnanclnlly.
""I he irincipal maritime custom houses
of Venezuela open to foreign commerce
aro La Guaira. Puei-to Caljello, Ciudad
I'.olivar. Maracaibo, La Vela and Caru
jano. There are Fix others of more or
Jess imiHrtanct. The import duties re
ceived at the port of La GuaJra alone
amounted in 1S36 to 17.'Mit.44S.13 holivers.
In the ear mentiond the total customs
revenue of all the several ports amounted
to 37.127,033.60 bolivars-, while the revenues
tf the government fi"?," all sources
amounted to Hl.tM.WiM tSillvars. ln-197-!
the net jroduet of the' maritime cus
tom" hot'ses amounted to 21.364.423.64 boli
vars, and the land custom houses pro
duced In the same period 6.427,221.59 boli
vars, roaktner for the year of custorn
revenues - a total of 27,I.M4.23 bolivars.
As a matter of fact, it only requires 1,
D4CI.051 bolivars .per month to meet, the
current . uideblptlness, and as i have
shown, under peacVful and normal con
dltlons. the amount is more than ade
quate to meet contingent debts, foreign
and domestic. With the ports of the
(ountry bloekaded. of course, the mari
time cuBtoms cease.
I'NJI ST DEBTS.
"With these resources the question nat
urally arises, why noes not Venezuela pa
her debts more promptly? It. should be
known In this connection that It is not so
much the bonded debt of the country that
Is In contention as a lot of "debts that are
not ..founded in equity ujid Justice, and
which some foreign governments are
clamoring to be recognized as valid.
There .seems but one true and Just way
out of all the trouble over these dis
puted claims, and that 4s that H1 coun
tries concerned agree that they ehall be
passed upon by some competent tribunal.
If the constituted authorities agree'that
they are valid and must be paid. Vene
zuela will accept the verdict In th proper
spirit and walk up to the captain's office
"As many of the troubles or Venezuela
have arisen from damages claimed by
foreign residents, It la proper to state
that under the constitution of the coun
try nliens enjoy the same civil rights as
natives of Venezuela. The government
of Venezuela canrfot conclude treaties
with nations that do not recognize that,
while their citizens In the country enjoy
the same civil rights as natives of the
country, they are also subject to theT
same obligations Citizenship Is confer
red by the fact of birth on the national
territory, and Is also acquired by natural
ization. Children of a Venezuelan father
or mother, even though born abroad, be
come Venezuelans by birth upon declar
ing before competent authority, on en
tering Venezuela, that such Is thetr de
sire. For those born k broad of a Vene
zuelan father or mother, and those born
In' Spanish-American countries or the
Spanish Antilles, it is omy necessary to
declare their intention to become natural
ized to acquire citizenship. No passport
is required to travel viithin the republic
or depart from It.
"The President of the republic has the
same powers as the President of the
Vnlted States, with lltrle differences, but
his nominations do not need the approval
of the Senate. The judicial power of
the nation-js exercised by the high Fed
eral Court? the Court of Cessation and
the other courts and tribunals created by
law, which defines thetr Jurisdiction and
organization. The supreme tribunal Of
the states Is the Court of Cessation. The
national executive is empowered to treat
with the government of Amerlca regard
lng compacts of alliance and confedera
tion. The land and naval forces are
made up of the militia.
THE W EALTH OF THE COUNTRY.
"Although I have mentioned the re
ceipts from customs as being sources of
revenue, agriculture and cattle breeding
arc the Industries which form the solid
base for the wealth of the country. It
is true that It has rich mines and other
resouroes, but they are of minor Impor
tance as compared with those named.
Agriculture and stock breeding sustain
the foreign commerce of the republic 'and
attract immigration The great agricul
tural crop Is coffee. The latest statistics
show that there are in the republic over
32,266 coffee plantations, frora whloh, -in
tha total production wa ovef 132,000 ,
pounds. Germany and France get the
greater share of this product. The Untted
States also get a considerable quafitlfy,.
but the linest grades go to Europe, The
growing of sugar cane ranks second ns
nn Industry. In the matter of imports,
the United States furnish most of the
wheat Hour consumed in the country.
The Imports made by Venezuela from
the 1'nited States in 1897 amounted In
value to $3,183,016.86. The LaGualra cus
tom house receipts from May, 1801. to
"December, 1901. averaged about 1,000,000
bolivars per month."
OUST IIIZ AS, OLD MAW.
Senator Hoar of Massachusetts seldom
(roes to the White House, but when he
does the length of bis conference with
the President is noteworthy. The other
day Mr. Hoar was ushered Into the Pres
ident's room and Mr. Roosevelt asked
him to be seated In one of the big chairs.
Then ' the President and the Senator
plunged Into a discussion which stretched
out for over an hour. In the meantime
other Ser.ators who wanted to see the
President were held up In Secretary Cor
telyou's ffice. : As time went on half a
dozen or more were waiting and. they
became Impatient at the delay. Presently
Senator Cullom, who Is 73 years old,- ask
ed Senator Allison, who Is also 73, what
was the cause of the delay. "Why, old
Hoar Is In there," said the youthful
Iowan, disrespectfully. "That's Just like
an old man," said Mr. Cullom. "They
never know enough to do their business
and leave. If Hoar were not. so old I
would ask him If he had- slept at the
White House til night" Senator Hoar Is
76 years f age.
AN AERIAL TORPEDO.,
UTICA, N. Y Jan. afT-Prof. Carl My
ers of Frankfort has reopened Ills bal
loon farm for the manufacture of a
number of war balloons for the govern
ment and the building of several air
ships for various Inventors who are to
compete at the St Louis World's Fair
for the $100,000 prize. Prof. Myers an
nounced today the completion of an
"electrical aerial torpedo," a machine
which promises much In the .solution of
the problem -of aerial navigation. The
aerial torpedo flies like a thing of life,
driven by two aluminum screen blades
making 2.000 revolutions per minute,
and rotated by an electric motor which
obtains Its power from an ordinary in
candescent lighting current of 110 volts.
The movements are - directed y two
aeroplanes acting bb rudders, moving
the vessel up, down, right or left In cir
cles, spirals, or cylolds In all directions
In midair as freely as a bird flies. All
these revolutions are under control of a
distant operator,- who moves an Index
over contact points on a dial switch
board, to which the vessel Instantly re
IT WAS ATTSm CHRISTMAS.
Seattle Star: A prominent citizen 'of
Republic killed himself a few days ago.
The reasons put forward ty his friends
for- his act Of self-destruction were that
he had been drinking, gambling, was 111.
showed symptoms of insanity and had
quarreled with his brother.- .
Edward A. Beals, Forecast Official
Reports for December.
Mean atmospheric pressure, 30.02; high
est pressure, 30.42, on the 28th; lowest
pressure, 29:58, on the 25th. Mean tem
perature, 40; highest temperature, 58, on
the 24; lowest temperature, 80, on the
18th; greatest daily range of temperature,
20, on the 24th; least daily range of tem
perature. 3, -on the 2lBt. Mean tempera
ture for this month for 32 years, 42 de
grees. Average deficiency of daily mean
temperature since January L 118 degrees.
Accumulated deficiency of dally mean
temperature since Janpary 1. 118 degrees.
Prevailing direction of wind, southeast.
Total movement of wind. 4,311 miles.
Maximum- velocity of wind, direction and
date, 28 miles, southwest, on the 30th.
Total precipitation, 10.28 inches. ' Number
of days with .01 Inch or more of precipi
tation. 21. Average precipitation for this
month for 32 years, 7.50 Inches. Total
excess in precipitation during month. 2 78
inches. Total precipitation from Septem
ber 1. 1902, to date, 23:69 Inches. Average
precipitation from September 1. to date,
19.27 Inches. Total excess from Septem
ber 1. 1902, to date, 4.42 Inches. Average
precipitation, for 32 wet seasons, 42.05
Inches. Number of clear days, 3; partly
ciouay aays, 4; ciouay days, 24