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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 29, 1902)
-. t vau A. ' ,V1 X-r ' .A
Striking Miners Would Not Allow Ndn
Unionists to Go to Work Bullets,
Qubs and Stones Are Used .
Important Conference Between: Mitchell and Dis
trict Presidents Sensational Developments .
Are Being Looked for Hen Clubbed
, BHAMOKIN, Sept. 19. -Fly hundred
' Irmed striker held-up a miners' accom
modation train near Green Ridge thl
morning and would not allow the train
men take 20 non-unionists to work. Shots
wer e fired at the striken, and the latter
fired back and - also threw clubs and
atones. A dozen of the Inmates of the
car were struck. The train then retreat
ed to Mount Carmel, where the non
unlonlsta escaped to their homes. The
Sheriff has sworn in 100 extra deputies
to keep order till the arrival of the
PHILADELPHIA,, Sept 29. What is
believed tz be. a most Important confer
ence in the strike situation Is being held
this afternoon by President - Mitchell.
Secretary Wilson and District Presidents
Queen Mother's Secret
SHE WEDS A COUNT
He Was a Former Lover-Alphonso
Orders Her Retirement and
MADRID, Spain, Sept 29. Spanish Roy
alty is being treated to the most sensa
tional scandal it has had In years over
the recent action of the mother of the
King contracting a secret marriage with
her master of horse, Count Escosura.
The royal family of Spain is the center
of a sensational scandal which reached
the ear of the public this morning. King
Alphonso U terribly enraged and his
mother Is ordered to retire to the prov
inces or go abroad.
HER TROTH WAS PLIGHTED.
. What has proved to be the greatest
sensation that has been known in the
circles of th royal, family of the King
of Spain, waa developed today when
King Alphonso discovered the fact that
hi mother during the recent Journey to
Austria, had been secretly married to her
master of horse. Count Eecoaura. The
Queen mother Justifies herself in this ac
tion by the fact that years ago she had
plighted her troth to the Count but was
compelled to marry th father of Alphon
so for reason of state, but now that that
obligation had been fulfilled she once
more felt the love of her youth, and con
sequently married th Count .
. -ALPHONSO ENRAGED.
When young King Alphonso learned of
bis mother's action he few Into a terrible
rag and became violently abusive. He
stamped the floor and tore his hair; he
acted like a madman and finally when
he had regained his composure sufficient
to talk, ha ordered the Queen mother to
at one retire to the provinces or go
abroad. Thls the Queen positively re
fused to do, and what the outcome will be
' It is impossible, to foresee.
Th members of royalty are extremely
wrought up over the matter and expres
sions of sympathy are being made on
, boh sides.
DELEGATES TO G. A. R.
Portland's representative to the na
tional encampment of the G. A. R., to be
bold at Washington on October 5, will
leave this evening. They are E.- E. Co
vey, John Ingham, Samuel Elmore, B. V.
Pike and S. F. Blythe. ' The delegates to
the national convention of the Woman's
Relief Corps, who will "also' leave this
, even Inf. are Mrs. Julia Lawton. depart-
xnent president: 'Mrs. Bertie M- Smith.
1 Mrs. M. Thorp, and Mrs. Anna Baker.
All will make a combined effort to land
th 190$ encampment In Portland.
: WHEAT MARKET
CHICAGO, " Sept. 29. Wheat S6H0
BAN FRANCISCO, -Sept 9. Wheat
fl.S0$Llr . - -
Nichols, Duffy and Fahey, who arrived
here by appointment this morning;. So
far he absolutely refuses to make a
statement as to the purpose of the meet
ing. Important developments are ex
pected. , BEATEN BY MOB.
SHAMOKIN, Sept. 29. Fir Bosses
Penmann, Rhodes and Raffert were
dragged from a street-car a Mount Car
mel this forenoon and brutally beaten.
No collieries are running: here today.
NOTHING GIVEN OUT.
PHILADELPHIA, Sept. 29. The con
ference between President Mitchell and
strike leaders ended at 2 'dealt . Pri-,
dent Mitchell say the Is positively
nothing to give to the press now.. He
left at t o'clock for Wilkesbarre.
Three Petitions for Release From
(Journal Special Service.)
SALEM. Sept. 29.-3overnor T. T. Geer
Is In receipt of three petitions for par
dons and all of them are 'signed b'y prom
inent people... Two of th petitions are
for the release of Louis Level and H. S.
Warrlner, both sent up from Portland,
having pleaded guilty of burglary by
breaking Into a toolbouse In Portland
last February and taking therefrom some
tools. In Level's case It is urged that he
was not aware of the fact that the tools
were not th property of his associate,
and that he pleaded guilty on the belief
that be had been guilty only of a mis
demeanor. Warrlner bases his claim for
clemency on the fact that he wanted the
tools to enable him to go to work. Also
that he Is the son of a widowed mother
who depended on him for her support.
The third petition is that for a pardon
for John H. Gates, sent up from Lane
County last year for forging the name of
Henry Corbett to a check. Gates will be
remembered as the man who figured In a
J1500 deal during th last session of the
Legislature, which caused quite a sensa
tion here at that time. The petition is
numerously signed by" the best people of
Woodburn, where Gates lived for a num
ber of years, and from which place he
was appointed a janitor at the Stat
House a few weeks before he became in
volved In that trouble, and the list is
headed by President J. H. Settlemier and
Cashier J. M. Poorman, of the Bank of
Woodburn, and Postmaster Walter L.
' NEW CARRIERS NAMED.
The following new assignments in car
rier routes will be made at the postofflce
on October 1st: Andrew Anderson, Wil
lamette Heights rout; John C. Todd,
Portland Heights; W. F. Dougherty, be
tween Oak and OllSan, Fourth and
Eighth, including th Federal building;
Lewis C. Knight will be foot collector;
J. G. Hadley will b added to Station A
and John A. Valentin to Station B.
On October 1st th Portland carrier
fore will consist of SO men, in addition
to the established fourth-class offices at
Fulton. Woodlawn and University Park.
, BIGGAR MISSING.
FREEHOLD. N. J., Sept 2y.-Ther are
oonfllcttag rumors as to the whereabout
of Actress Laura Blggar, who has not yet
been apprehended. She la now believed
to be at Wilmington. Lawyer Patterson
this morning added perjury to the charge
against Stanton. In addition to conspir
acy. Peninsula Wants -Delivery.
Residents of th Peninsula are anxious
ly awaiting news from th postal de
partment at Waahington In relation to
the proposed free delivery of their 'mall.
The petition was sent to Washington,
after being recommended by Postmaster
Croasman. At Washington It received
favorable consideration and was referred
to another committee. Since that time
the matter, ha not been heard Of.
Th district will likely cover all that ter
ritory north from where th Alblna Sta
tion end and ma north a short distance
to Portsmouth. University Park will b
the location of th station, -vi t -
" Left for lEnampment. ' -
Mrs. Charles Smith left yesterday for
Washington. V. , C, whre"'he will at
tend th National Woman's Relief Con-H
ventfon,' to which ah is a delegate from
this stat. Several matters of importance
will com befor th convention.
DIED IN "RABIES
Horrible Suicide Vol La Center;
- " Wash., Druggist.
Journal Special- Service,)
tA J CENTER. Wash., Sep J. O.-Dr.
Davis, of this city, committed suicide early
this morning, presumably by taking "poi
son. .The tragedy occurred In his drug
store, and to hide all evidences of the
crime the place was burned.
There is no' suspicion of foul play.
The deceased had often mad threats of
aalf-deatrtictlon In the Presence of ac
quaintances, and the news was received
by them with little surprise. He was dt
an eccentric turn of mind, and during
the past month seemed to b depressed
In spirits. His repeated remark about
ending hi career, however, wer not tak
en seriously by his most Intimate friends.
When the fire was discovered the build
ing waa too far gone to be saved. Several
shots were heard In the vicinity, and it
afterwards developed that they came from
a Winchester rile and revolver, wbich
wer found lying beside the charred re
mains. So far as It could be ascertained
In its present state the body bore no
wounds, and the accepted theory Is that
the dead man had used poison, after fir
ing his place of business. He was un
married. County Attorney Spark will reach .here
this afternoon from Vancouver to make
Follow. in the Wake of
People Are Tenor Stricken and
- Fleeing to. the Mountains -
LONDON, Sept 29.-The Central New
Agency's Home correspondent wires:
Another cyclone, believed to have been
more terrible than Friday's, ha destroy
ed the towns of Belpasso and Torre Santa
Maria Catalina, In the province of Sicily.
In the former place many buildings as
well as the cathedral were crushed. Many
ships were blown along shore. It is fear
ed that the death roll will be appalling.
The people are terror stricken and are
fleeing to the mountains.
MORGAN TO FRONT.
Brings Great Relief to the Money
NEW TORK, Sept. 29. J. Plerpont Mor
gan comes to the front and relieves the
This morning Morgan; created somewhat
of a sensation In money market circles
by paying enormous sums,- which have
had a tendency to bring great -relief to
the money' market.- What. is causing, the
most comment Is the fact that be ad
vanced th payments of interest on T140,
000,000 of -securities which ar held by the
firm. In addition to this he haanalso
made payments of 25.000,000 in dividends,
due October 15, on the United States Steel
No sooner had th transactions become
known on tb Exchange than th broker
felt as if a burden had been lifted from
their shoulders and th different stocks
showed, more activity ' than vur"nv1
had for several days.
Harry Stratton Will Likely, Receive
a Quarter of a Million,
COLORADO SPRINS, Colo.. Sept. 19.
A compromise. It la said, ia being ef
fected between Harry Stratton, aon of tb
late millionaire, and the executors of the
estate. He will probably secure a quar
ter of a million and th bequests of th
other relative ar to b doubled. . v
TO WEDMISS HAM A.
.CHICAGO, Sept. 29. It Is announced
that Joseph H. Medlll McCormick, son
of tb new Ambassador to Russia, is to
marry Miss Ruth Hanna, Senator Ilanna's
SNAKE RIYER FRUITS, ,
J. P. Tapscott, purser on the steamer
Spokane, . plying between Lewlston and
Riparla, Is visiting In the city. - Me says
that some of the Snake River frtilt men
w4U ..sustain light -4ee ewlg -to" -the
teamboat tie-up but not in such great
proportions as many people hav. been
led to believe. Th most of th growers
have been hauling their fruit to rail
points, and la this way hav managed to
get .along; Try wU nndr th circum
stance. ' - . . iti"
- . ..
Three Shops Are Under
EMPLOYES ARE OUT
The Masters" Refused to Sign the
Union AgreniefltThe Em
. plbyers' Side.
Th harmonious relation existing be
tween the Tailors' Union and three of
the Important tailoring establishments in
Portland hav been broken. War has
been declared agalMt Nlchol, th tailor,
101 Third street; Armstrong, 313 Washing
ton street, and the Unique Tailoring
Company 347 Washington street.
It has Just been, made public that at
th Federated Trades meeting Friday
night the above Arms were placed on th?
unfair list and a boycott ordered again t
them. Aa a result union tailors are no .
longer in their employ. With the exceD
tlon of one or two men, however, all havr
secured employment elsewhere.
The cause of th trouble la because the
firms refused to sign the union agree
ment which waa presented them last
April. Union men state that the pro
prietors promised' repeatedly to sign, nut
kept putting the) matter off from month
to month until their stock of patlenv
waa Anally exhausted; As a last resort
they concluded to withdraw all union help,
and adopt new tactics to bring about the
desired result . ,'
WHAT THEY ASK.
By the term of the agreement each
proprietor is required to provide frc
"back shops" or rooms for their employes
to work in, which shall be fitted up with
all necessary working tools. 'This Is sa'.d
to be the principal feature of the agree
ment to which objection was taken. Pre
vious to last April all employes had to
furnish 'their own working' quarters and
fools. A reform wave set In. and the on
Ion, determined, to do. away with . what
they describe as being an unjust require
ment of its members, A committee was
appointed to visit all shops of the city.
'Hand In time a promise was received from
nearly all the managers that the demand
would be granted
THERE WAS NO CHOICE.
"The three mentioned," said on of th
employes today, "vi!fuuy neglected to
make the concessions, and w, war com
pelled to take the stand ws have. The
strike will not affect many men, but it
Is certain that it will not redound to the
benefit of the shops. Most of their em
ployes were doing piece work for them
which they did at their own home at
odd time. Keep your eye open today for
men coming out Of those shops with bun
dies under their arms. They wilt be In
search of tailors to make garments, and
the bundlea will contain cloth. I once
knew a proprietor who spent 80 cents for
street ear fare looking for a tailor to
make a vest ' which,-. when completed,,
would sell at $1. This will probably i
the experience of th boycotted shops in
H. E. Joy, manager of the Unique shop,
makes the following statement:
"We pay union wages and employ
union labor. We object to fitting up
free 'back shops' because our employes
do not want them. Hardly any of th
other bouses which signed the agree
ment ar living up to it ' There is not
a house In town that has free workshops
for Its Journeymen tailors, although they
nearly all signed th agreement to do so.
What good does it do to sign when no
attention is paid to the agreement T The
-vote to boycott us carried by a very
H. A Armstrong "The tailors I employ
are perfectly satisfied without 'back
shops.' If I should furnish them they
would not be used. If the men I em-
ploy ask tot 'back shops' I will gladly fur
nish them. Only on man has notified me
that he will quit'
F. F, Boody, manager of th Nlchol
Tailor House, says:
"The fact of th matter Is we buy
goods in such big quantities that the
other houses cannot compete with us,
and they have becom jealous. They take
this method to show their spite. A year
ago we were placed on the unfair list
without any previous notice. We are
opposed to th "back-shop' ' system be
cause it is impracticable. It haa been
thoroughly tried In th East and found
a failure. Very few of th Journeymen
want such places provided. They would
rather work at bom wher they can
receive occasional assistance from mem
bers of their families and where they
would be enabled to get their meals
regularly. No, they simply want to give
this house a black nam because they
cannot compete with us. None of . th
houses which hav signed hav free
PRESS CLUB ON THE BOOM.
Th City Press Club held a meeting
yesterday in its rooms In th Marquam
building and added four members to Its
ranks. They ar J. F. Wilson, of h
Orejonlan: R. W. Emerson, of th Tele
gram; Edward E. Broil, of Oregon City,
nd Ed S. Fay o Th Journal. "
. It was decided to hold th next meet
ing of the club next Sunday at U o'cIock.
A commltte was appointed to draft res
olutions ot condolence" for th death of
George Ritchie, an old Portland news
paper man, wt died 4 few days ago In
Xwlston, Ida. '
Second Operation on . Roosevelt
WASHINGTON, Sept .-The Presi
dent' physicians this morning authorised,
the following statement:
Th condition of th wound ia satis
factory, and . hla temperature norm!.
The patient slept well and at present oc
cupies an invalid's chair. He is cheerful
and shows neither impatience nor rest
lessness, and follows directions scrupu
lously. Since ue of needle to evacuat
the sac on the 22d Instant which left no
wound, ther has been on operation, untl
(Signed), , "CORTELYOU."
Father of Traction Bill to Testify
Today at St. Louis.
ST. LOUIS, Sept 29. Millionaire Rob
ert Synder, the promoter and father of
the traction bill which was passed over
the Mayor's veto, faced trial today in the
bribery cases. Some most sensational ex
posures ate expected. A distinguished
array of legal talent has been engaged
by the defense, and it Is alleged that a
quarter of a million dollars was paid In
bribes to secure the passage of the hill.
LANDMARK TO GO
Episcopal Church at Walla Walla
- - "TJefng THsmantlei''"' -
WALLA WALLA. Sept. 29. -After serv
ing a large congregation for 30 years as
a place of worship, the Episcopal church
is being dismantled today, and the last
service has been held In the old building.
Yesterday was the last congregation
gathered for worship, and the fixtures
will be removed to the new St. Paul's
church on Catherine street, a magnificent
edifice costing over $10,000. It will be
opened October 12, with appropriate cere
monies. The deserted church Is the oldest re
ligious bujld.lng In .the city, having been
erected over 30 years ago. The congrega
tion is among the oldest it not the old
est In the city. When the structure was
completed It was the finest building In
this part of the state, and the record Is
to be repeated by the congregation, when
the new edifice Is accepted and opened.
The new building is of stone and brick,
and WIU be furnished,, tbe most elaborate
church in Eastern Washington or Oregon.
The old building has been purchased with
the lot upon which It stands, and the
property will be used In the near future
for business purposes.
A PRUNE HARVEST
Picking and Drying in Pull Blast
(Journal Special Service.)
DUNDEE. Or., Sept 29. At this sea
son of the year thla amall village as
sumes the aspect of army headquarter,
for prune picking and drying Is here.
Dundee can boast of perhaps more acref
of prune than any place in the state,
Thomas Prince having one orchard of
morrthan 600 acres. The Dundee Prune
'Complihy orchard " con iff for "tcsrftf
and the crop of this orchard Is estimated
at. 800 tons of dried fruit. Besides those
mentioned there ar numerous smaller
tracts, and the crop Is estimated at from
80 to 96 per cent, which la exceedingly
high for this year.
Another orchard new to this section of
Oregon Is 60 acres set in French walnuts
and owned by Mr. Prince, most of which
ar bearing. The tree look thrifty and
KNOCKS THEM OUT
Tom L Johnson's Tent Show Puts
Barnstormers to the Bad.'
CLEVELAND, O., Sept M. Th third
week of Tom L Johnson' great Denvv
ratio tent campaign has juet ended most
auspiciously. A week of bright Septem
ber days with the thermometer hovering
around th 80 mark caused th people of
th towns visTed to think very favorably
of tbe entertainment offered In th tent
A troup or unhappy barnstormers, play
ing a one-night stand at the opera house
across ths way. In one tows suffered cor
respondingly and the light comedian and
th heavy villain jlggad and frothed to
empty benches. ' Another of these high
class theatrical troupes suffered a similar
disaster at Paulding, and 'tis said, van
lshed in the arly dawn leaving an un
paid score or two at the tavern. Really,
th tent show has proved almost a .ls
astrous to th rural drama as to th ru
ATTEND NATIONAL CONVENTION
Mr. Julia A. Lawton. department presi
dent of tb Woman's Relief Corps of Ore
gon, departed at 1:10 yesterday aXterason
over the Northern Pacific, in company ct
other delagat ot th W. R. C to attend
th national convention, to b held. Oo
tcber ( at Washfgnton, V. C.1 '
ZOLA IS DEAD
" . V
Sensation Caused by the Circulation of
a Rumor -That He Committed; '
Suicide Was Asphyxiated
His Wife Is Also at the Point of Death His
Life Was Hade a Burden of Late by
' EnemiesWas Famous
PARIS, Sept. t9.-Emtl Zola, th fam
esu author, died at 9 o'clock this morn
ing. The city received a severe shock this
morning when the announcement of the
sudden death of the great author, Emlle
Zola, was made. A great deal of com
ment Is being mad on all sides regarding
the manner of bis death, around which
there Is an air of mystery.
It has been learned that hi death was
the result of asphyxiation by gas in hla
room. On entering hla apartments this
morning fumes wer discovered to be
coming from ga atov. but whether 11
was caused by accident or not is a quea
tlon that -I -Agitating tbe minds of th
physicians and the public.
WAS IT SUICIDE t
Rumors of suicide ar current and a
thorough investigation la being made.
The fact is that Zola'a life for the pakt
three yeara has been a moat miserable
one, owing to his connection , with th
sensational Katerhazy and Dreyfus casM,
and it in thought that his mind final
reached such a state of dejection and his
life mude such a burden. by the many
petty annoyances he has been constantly
subjected to, that he finally sought relief
In death. Then, on the other hand, It ia
claimed that his death waa entirely acci
dental. Those who know him personally
and are familiar with bis daily life, say
that auch an action aa suicide la one that
was foreign to his nature. It Is main'
talned that on retiring he left the gaj
Are burning In th grate .and that soma
time during the night th flam wa ex
tinguished without the gas being turned
oft thua premlttlng the fumes to per
meate the room nd siiffocat. tb occu
pants. Doctor Nourmand," on. entering
the roonv foujid,jLh..tmoBpher so denae
with th fumes of gas that it was almost
Impossible for him to enter. ' However,
he did not hesitate, and immediately' dial:
covered the motlonleBa forma of its vic
The discovery- waa made when at
Baldwins Found Gollty of Involtxn
After being out from 1:S0 to ths Satur
day afternoon th Baldwin Jury returned
a verdict of manslaughter In th cases
of William and Oeorg Baldwin, but as
Frank Baldwin did not seem to have had
any premeditated interest in th fight b
.A strong recommendation f mercy ac
companied Cleorge Baldwin' verdict, but
ho!hihJ- was said TS fo Wiliiinf Baldwin,
the father who arranged the fatal fight
and had the management of it
Sentence will not be pronounced until
a motion for a new trial ia disposed of.
Only Straggling Gases Ait Now
Reported to the Committee
Altogether lOlio.Bf haa been ontrlbut
ed to the fire sufferers' rllf fund by th
people of Portland, of thla IWts.16 has al
ready been expended.
The xecutiv oommitt met thla
morning, but old ast hav vary aauob
business to attend to. 8ortary Salln
reported no new cases from tb Lswla
River or La Comas district. Hs also
reported that h visited Lanta and Da
mascus yesterday and found thfjti to b
pretty well burnt out A letter was also
tmA from Home Valley asking for help
for six families. Secretary Salln wa In
structed to krvestlgat th cases.
As eevrythlng now la routln work,
the commute decided to meet again next
Monday and than call a meeting of tb
general committee to clean-op affair.
However Congressman : Littlefield
Isjtot Looking for jDeakership.
SAN FRANCIS CtV Eept S.-Cosgrts-maa
LttUefleld arrived her today. Ia aa
Interview fa said h was net looking (or
th Speakership but If It was offered to
htm he would accept wlU Stump ths
stat for Pard, . . ' ' r
o'clock this morning servants heard
groan coming from th room occupied by
Zola and hi wtf. An alarm was at one
given and an entrance to th apartment
forced. On the floor of th bedroom waa
found th body of Zola, which was un
dressed, and on the bed was Madam
Zola, gasping for breath. A pet dor waa '
found in one corner ot the room nearly ,
dead, and tbe stove, from which 'th gaa
waa escaping, waa redhot Madam Zola''
waa immediately removed to another
apartment where everything posstbl waa
don to revive her. Artificial respiration -waa
uaed with good effect
a sensation naf zreeir erwins x.-vy i
an order which has been issued by tb
police.' it I to the effect that th first
witnesses of the affair hav been posi
tively forbidden to speak to anyon on
the subject, which proves that ther must
be some cause for th rumor of th report
of suicide or design in th death ot the
famous author. An investigation la be
ing made on both theories. However, hat
of suicide 1 the on moat closely followed
and it is expected that some ; startling
developments will be mad befor . th
day Is over. t
Zola and his wtf returned to Paris
yesterday and both wer in good health.
Emlle Zola was on of th most famous '
authora, bla novela having had a 'world- "
wide reputation, and it waa his writing
that, to a great extant, mad the Eater
hasy and Dreyfus caaea so notorious.
He was so sensational in hia treatment "
oft them that h was mad th subject
of continuous persecution by his nV
ralea, who did everything in their power
to make hi life a burden. Zola wa aborn
m Paris in 1841).. . ;
WAS ACCIDENTAL ,
SARIS, Sept . Th polio bars Issued
an official report which glvs th caus
of Zola's death as th escape of mephitis
gases oue to a aeiacov chimney.
Prominent Doctors Have
100 BODIES TAKEN
Negro Confesses That College Fac
ulty Paid $400 for
1MDIANAPOI4S, Sept I.-4loni ;
grav robberies in this city cams t a
sensational climax today In the arrest
f Dr. Alexander, demonstrator f the
Central Medical Cotleg of Indiana: Dr.
Wilson, of th same college; Oeorg Hay
maker, th whit Janitor, and - sva
egret. One gro baa confessed that
100 grave hav been robbed In th
last three months, for which the medi
cal faculty paid $400. i '.; -
On behalf ot Earl Hanson, fred Blokl
and George Hart, youths being held In th
county jail on a charg of. stealing W
horses at North Taklma. Attornay Charles
A. Patrala sued out a writ of habeas cor
pus la tb Circuit Court this morning.
Th writ was mad ratnrnabt this attar
noon, but Mr. Petrala stated that ha did
not expect to argu it . until tomorrow
morning. - y - ' , n ' , '(
la bis petition Mr. Petrain allege
general lack of Jurisdiction on th part
of th officers of Washington County and
the Sheriff of Multnomah. H lalma that
his clients are not -bald under say due
prooess of law. , - ""'-' ''-.'.'
1T.00D THREATENED, '
rOrtTlwORTH. Spl. Ja A heavy rain
la falling her and th Guadatcupo I'.fvr
is SO feet above thmean mark. No liv. i
hav been reported lost but t' via l i -mens
danger to property
: 1 1 '-