, ;(.; . ....... . . . -v 4:00O'CL0ClC EDITION J vol: m. s no: 168. . .PORTLAND," OBJCOON', 3fOXDAT;EVENrNTG, t SEPTEMBER 22. .1902. FRIGE FIVE CENTS. THgOWSDOWN THE GAUNTLET . " - ..... ; . t . President: Roosevelt ' Now Challenges Jht Democrats to Again Take'Up Question of State Rights. Causes Most Intense Discussion" of Constitutional Question That Has Disturbed the Nation ' Shce the Civil War (Bjr Th Journal Special Correspondent) WASHINGTON, Sept. rt. Today all over the United Statea la waged the moat Interne discussion of a constitutional queation that ever disturbed the nation, excepting when the ante-bellum laauea were carried on leading up to the Civil War. , .'' President Roosevelt, in hla Cincinnati apeech, ha a thrown down the gauntlet, and challenged the Democratic party to take up again the queation of atate rights. The conclusion of the Preaident'a address, that causes the debate to crystallise, waa: t ROOSEVELT'S PLATFORM. The necessary supervision an control I firmly believe ia the only method ot elimination of the trust muat be through wisely and captiously framed legislation, which shall aim, hi the first place, to give definite control to some sovereign over the great corporations, and which shall be followed only when this power w con ferred by a ayatem giving to the Government the full knowledge which Is essen- - - ... , ................. .-j A-w"-'-"".Mf " ...T-T "Vv'nA 'Ifi"" "ul tat aairaractory action, k rnignx oe oener an me iu s' work along the same lines In dealing with these corporations, but I see not the slightest prospect of such an agreement. Therefore. I personally feel that ulti mately the' Nation will have to assume responsibility of regulating these very large corporations which do an Interstate business. I am well aware that the pro cess of Constitutional amendment Is necessarily a slow one, and one Into wfili li our people are reluctant to enter save for the best of reasons; but I am confident that In this Inatanee the reasons elst. SHATTERS WHOLE STRUCTURE. The opinion here among almost all who have made known thWr views Is that President Roosevelt has raised the whole Mt.i a jia4iha win ka mnmnmant WiW m UUVU UIV Mh T. lit ww ' (viiw .- .w bvb - t be f Republicans.- v . ' J The claim la general that. If his program should be followed. It would bring necessarily such a legal status as would give to the Federal Government police power. Inasmuch as the National Constitution explicitly prohibits tb exercise of police power by the general Government, delegating It to the spferal states. President Roosevelt has declared for a radical alteration of the yry structure of the Government Itself. So stupendous a change has seldom4jeen proposed, not even by the moat revolutionary advocates of visionary organic law. AMENDMENT MUST BE GENERAi ; Said a prominent Democrat today: ' .' ' ' rrm-PresmntTniMmt' f f 3dPplj " would of hec.esslly tie general In character.. It could not apply alone to ttfe trusts. If the Federal Gov ernment be given police power to regulate-ths Myitis; 'ttten It "must by the same amendment bo given power to regulate other things, and power must be dele gated to punish violations of law. This la a greater revolution than any that was ever proposed In conectlon with the Issues prior to the Civil War. It is so reniark able'a change that it almost stuns the mind in contemplating it." Another said: . "The remedy propoaed by the President will never be applied, for the reason that it would be Impossible to secure its adoption by enough states to make It a law. He will never secure following, for his revolutionary program." . ...... . WAS IT A MISTAKE? '. Politicians are furiously debating whether or not President Roosevelt made the error ,of. his life when he submitted his proposal to the Nation through the medium of his Cincinnati speech. It Is predicted that it will Instantly divorce from him the following among the gold Democrats who had gone into his party through sympathy with the financial stand of the Republicans, and that It will solidify the South against him. It Is also asserted that a large' number of Re publicans are unalterably opposed to him on the proposition and will not support - the President in this"- matter. ' " i , EVEN IN LONDON. LONDON. Sept. & London papers are looking upon the attitude of President Roosevelt In hla recent speeches most seriously. The Daily Telegraph, In com menting on the speech delivered by the President In Cincinnati, says: "President Roosevelt's Cincinnati speech raises the greatest constitutional Issue since the Civil War and Jeopardizes his chance of re-eleetlon. His trust pol icy Is considered as being entirely rejected by the Democrats and repugnant to a large number of Republicans." .' ' A great deal of Interest Is being shown here by political leaders as well as the nanclal interests, in the speeches made by the President during his Western tour. ROOSEVELT AT DETROIT Spanish WaVetcfans Give Presi dent a Hcaty WelcomeThe Parade Was Immense. DifiTHUiT, Mich., sept. One feature of .President Roosevelt's visit here Is that by company of Canadian soldiers of Wlnd- , ' sor took part in the parade and were re- vlftWAd bv tha YrAMlrismt SPANISH WAR VETERANS. DETROIT. Mich., Sept Z2. No heartier welcome ever was accorded a chief exec utive of the nation than that received by President Roosevelt at the hands of the cltutens of Detroit and the representatives of 145,000 Spanish War Veterans, whose third annual reunion Is in progress. From the time the President left, the Cadillac hotel this morning to attend the opening exercises of the reunion until the conclus ion of the' big parade thla afternoon he was greeted with, one continuous ovation. No untoward Incident occurred to mar the pleasure of the day. The President was the central figure at the opening of the reunion and briefly addressed his former comrades in arms. - Though admission waa by ticket only the liaQ was packed from floor to roof and Jtor waU rairtrrrt roar with which the President was greet ed.!. It was fully five minutes before the applause subsided sufficiently for the President to be heard. 7 The i parade this afternoon was one of the biggest affairs of the kind ever seen. In Detroit .. The line of "march- was through the principal down-town street and the sidewalks, windows and house tops r were packed with ; people who .cheered enthusiastically as the president . .rods- by. On the reviewing stand the - . President was surrounded by - a 1 distin guished canmaoy that Included Secretary question ex tate rigns anu turn tn mnaf nanwwifi .nil in Immense num- 1 of the Navy Moody, General Russell A. Alger and Mayor Maybury. President Roosevelt concludes hla stay In Detroit this evening by attending the Spanish War Veteran's banquet in the Light Guard Armory. In his speech, after paying tribute to the men of the Spanish and Civil Wai-s. President Roosevelt referred to the Phil ippines. He said: "We are going to get the'besl resujt possible for the residen .) of Jhe Philippines out of what has been done. We have no apologies to make ior what this country has done In the ast four years, but are proud of It. Proml of what we've done for humanity. Civ ilisation,' war and peace.' There niay hnve been some misdeeds In the army in the Philippines, but we' nave not always been immaculate. At home, even In the .CtvU-warT-some- men-went-wrong.'-'- MEDAL PRESENTED. The President, at the conclusion of his speech, was escorted by Clara Barton across the stage to a seat. Governor Bliss presented a medal from the State of Michigan, and It was pinned on President Rooseyelfs breast by Mrs. Lewis, an ex nurse In iiie Cuban- war. INDIANAPOLIS READY. lNDIAKAPOLISL Ind., Sept 22. Presl morrow to attend -Ihe encampment of the Sapanlsh-Amerlcan War Veterans. The program will Include few features besides the President address, to th veterans in Tomllnson hll, as the stay of the Presi dential party in the city will be limited to three hours. Luncheon will be taken gt the home of Senator Fairbanks And If t(roe permits If 'ipSiWf-'Prmsm. will deliver a .public speech In oris of the parka Visitors already are arriving in the city and - there promlsesto be an enormous trowd on hand. - TO ENTERTAIN ROOSEVELT. .... . . v. . k MTTNICE; Indv Sept. tt Plant for the reception of Prealdent Roosevelt who will be ia Munice tomorrow, hay been completed. Hi star" wlil be limited to ball aa bour. 'Ka d his aartv wiu be President Roosevelt Afjalrv Engaged J - 1 '.- 'ir " 1 v m I F I II I If - . I Ll&&-. - n in a, ii m mi ir 8 CAMPAIGN ) rm ON ISLANDS Discussed by Lieut General Miles Ranking Army Office of U. S. "I really would notjiks to speak for publication at present, but as you Insist, I will say that the fortifications at the mouth of the "Columbia R'lveV "are ""in rather good condition, but could stand some Improvement. Bufore proceeding to tlie Philippines I will Inspect all the Government fortifications on the Coast." said General .Nelson A. Miles to The Journal yesterday. When asked whether he would make an extensive tour of the Islands and Inspect the troops there, the General answered). "I cannot say what I ultf do when 1 arrive at Manila, and also cannot say how long I will stay. It altogether de pends on existing conditions. Now, i suppose you wish to know how I Jike your city. Through the kindness of my friend, Senator t'orbett, I have had a good opportunity of viewing It, and think It a desirable place to live in. . You know 1 was here about twenty years ago In charge of the Department of the Colum- met at the Union station by a committee and escorted in carriages to the public square, where he will deliver a flve-mln-ute speech. The business section Sf the city has been decorated for' the occasion and hundreds of visiters are expected from the surrounding country. SENDING LETTERS OUT. "The committee on press and publicity vf the Lewis and Clark Fair are sending out letters to all the newspapers of the world, calling their attention to the fact that a csrh prize of 230 Is being offered tor the best design In colors, symbolic of the Lewis and Clark exploring expedition of the settlement of the Western part of the United States by Ajmerlcans, the development of trade on the Pacifle dceaS, Snd thvTewafcening-f-ABta; ADDITION TO RXHIBIIION. r'' ssHassssBsssasssaaasa The permanent exhibit is being antpiy re-enforced by the horticultural exhibit from tho Oregon Agricultural College at the State Fair. This exhibit contains some' grain la sheaf and Jars, of new varieties: put up nicely and named. Geo. Iamberson I to be gives, credit for afc talMa this exhibit Flatforms and .w'TiT.r". ? bla, so I am not an utter stranger." ' Although questioned mainly relative to National affairs, the General would not say anything, but, "I would rather not discuss thm." "General, do jou Contemplate any changes In the management of the Phil- NO INVERVIEW- Mitchell Will Not Confer With Morgan, Stone or Operators. NEW YORK, Sept. 22,-Presldent Mitch ell, of the coal miner, arrived here this morning. He denies that he will confer with operators Morgan or Stone. He says that contribution sent In are Suf ficient to enable the miners to hold out' Indefinitely. CRUEL TREATMENT. Ida Malr has sued Prank Malr for a divorce on the ground of cruel and In human treatment The parties were mar-' ried at Oregon Citl-i5e and there la Usue to the Jfjarrlage. " ' Plaintiff In addition to reciting the vari ous beating she received at the bands of Malr, she alleged that IM bar been greatly humiliated ; and ; suffered great mental anguish through being caUdtvll name 'and accused f Infidelity la the waaonco of others, - . In Making Speeches Carriages. . t i2 THE COAST DEFENSES Condition of Military Posts and Fortifications Is Excellent. Ippine campaign?" was the next question .asked- r- "1 cannot say as to that until my re turn from the Philippines, as I must do some Investigating first." "What do you think of the way the campaign has been handled so far?" "I think It has been handled in the best possible way, considering that the man agement of the campaign Is done In Washington and the active work in the Philippines." General Nelson A. Miles Is the highest ranking officer In the United States Army and one of the most noted Indian fighters. He is accompanied by Mrs. Miles, Colonel and Mrs. Marion P. Maus and B. Frank Hall. The party Is on Its way to the Philippines, where General Miles will investigate present conditions. They left last night for San Francisco, from whence they will emhark for the Philippines. ANOTHER AIR SHIP An Af eonaut Attempting to Cross Mediteran ean Sea PARIS. Sept. 22. Aeronaut Count Vail Is today making another attempt to croa the Mediterranean in hla airship. He as cended at Palavas this morning and 1 attended by the torpedo boat deatroyer Epea. . , ' V ' 4 WHEAT MARKET. CHICAGO, 8Dt. J2. Wheat 75U80c From Rear-End I HAKES A CHANGE Withdrawal of Pickett and Courtright Will Change Siftiiatiohe"" DE3 MOINES, Iowa, Sept 22.-The withdrawal of Pickett and Courtright from the congressional race tor successor to Henderson renders It certain that the Henderson adherent wUl be nominated at Thursday's convention, aa there are no Cummins tariff sympathisers left In the contest HOMESEEKERS COMING. . An Inquiry was received several days ago by R. M. Halt, advertising manager of the O. R. & N. Co.. from J. F. Kaker, relative to the value of the Northwest for a homeseeker. ' . In reply Mr. Hall sent Mr. Kaker some advertising matter that the O. R. ft. N. Co. is Issuing to induce homeseekers to come here. The O. R. N. agent at Clearlake gives the Information this morning that is.r. Kaker and a party of four left for Portland September 1. VERY SHORT TRIAL It was nearly 11 o'clock thla morning before the Jury Waa impaneled In the case of James Hughes, charged with highway robbery, and at 12 o'clock he was a free man, Hughes was charged. with two others with holding up an , told man named Cunningham in the North End and robbing him of a small sura of money. The evidence was not strong agalast- the-accused'. '?- FOREST RESERVE, v ; , rXher will be a meeting of tha commit- tea appointed by tha Chamber at Com merce to investigate th forest reserve, quatlon at the office of the secretary, Thursday afternoon -at 4-a'cloclL - -- The question I whether" r 'hot; th Chamber will approve of the forest re serve made In the Blue Mountain. The committee consist of Mayor WUllama, J. Frank Watson, Charles Ladd, Adoluh Wolfe and Lewis llusstU' . WHAT IS IT TO BE The Indorsement of Rooseydt .; OR A TURN DOWN New York Trusts and Capitalists May Object to Els Attitude, ;V . .1 f! SARATOGA, N. T.. Sept Q.'-Tha IU publican state convention will assembla In this city tomorrow to nosainate caa ; didates for Governor,' lileutenant-Gv-; ernor and other state offices to ba filled ' at the November election. Many f tha delegate and other party leader nava V already nut In an annMranee and their early arrival on the scene ia avidenc Of the more than ordlhary Interest and tea- . porta nee attached to the gathering. " Tha " state ticket ha been practically agreed upon by Senator Piatt and the state or ganisation and the convention will Both ' '. enlivened by any contest for notnlna- V tlon. Though eleventh-hotur developments ; ' may necessitate a change in anton Of tne minor place, it is reasonably certain, . that the ticket, will be mad.at-aJtol lOW: . . I . ' .rfit-: ' ': Orange County. ' ' ' J A - For Llentenant-Governor George i R. tsneiaon, of ew xorK. . , .'.,. i-.Hv: -For Secretary of State John T. Mo ' . For ., Attorney-General Henry ! st .Co ;? ' r man, of Madison County. ; ,i 'j'i'.v't For Controller-Nathan U ,MUlf. ," '. Portland f?ountv. .v j... ,r- . For State Treasurer Joha Q. Wlcksel of Erla &:'':4-?.ly- For State 'EnglnaeiiMward ' ' of JepeMon' County. t'-JP'" ror Associate, juauce o n vourt 9 ' Appeals--WiJliam "B.' Werner,' of Uoara ; County. '. L, iV- fVJ . xn maae-up or tne state ucs.ee aeini 1 delegates Is centered ' on question ova , which there is more party contention ant ' . of President Roosevelt for the Republican . nomination In 1904, the Indorsement of hla ' policy with regard to the trusts," and proposed declaration In favor of hi stand, ,. on the question ot Cuba . reciprocity, , -Talks with the delegates on the field. In dicate a decided difference of opinion tt " . these questions and It Is predicted that 1 there will be some lively debataa on tha - convention floor when the subject are In troduced for consideration and action.,. While some prominent leaders ara'openljr antagonistic to such a 'courtei lt i gen erally believed that tha convention will, Indorse the President a the "logical can , dldate for renominatlon,'" To Edward) W. Lauterbach has been entrusted tha "( task of framing tentative plankg oa tha trust and reciprocity Issue. It"- '"'olf flcult to forecast Just what tand the con ventlon will take on the two queation. The difference of opinion probably . wilt result In a compromise. There Is de- . elded opposition to an indorsement af tha -President' reciprocity plan, Soma af tha leaders are for leaving all mention of - -the question out of the reeolutlona whlla others are In favor of dealing with It only la a general war. rj'"- ThO convention will be called to order ' at 10 o'clock tomorrow morning In Con- yentlon .UalU- JBenator. JSUgworth.. Jlha leader of the State Senate, will act a v permanent chairman. COMMITS SUICIDE Old Man Jumps , From Bridge With Fatal , ; .Results- .-.i, ,tJ4;a.i. 5,.-.-,. 4, (Journal Special Bervloe.) ' TROUTDALE, Sept . An old man ay tha name of Ed. Woodard, about 0 year old. Jumped off tha bridge about U.M thla morning. No cause I given for th deed. Woodard leave a son, Xd Woodard, ft and a daughter, Mia. Hubbard, both farming In Troutdala, , . , ,; CHANCE FOR JOBBERS There Is a Good Field h Uit Orient-'' .'-V. ' There 1 a fhano for Portland' Job- j bers la the Orient Ib a letter to tha , Board of Trade. H. J. Ellia, a manufao turars' agent af Singapore, write thai -ha would be pleased to introduce Oregon products la the Orient '.' -, ' Mr. Elll write that there !. a opening for American Hour, bu'.e fcl. salmon, . tinned buttar. fr-ih 1. canned fruits and vegMal! h a .l t. 1 fruit there, a -all the iJ jrn now Imported flora Austitl:. 1 1 Deumatk, .