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About Grant County news. (Canyon City, Or.) 1879-1908 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 11, 1890)
Is the oldest iivhi
prr lot n-ii The. Dalles
nml Winiieiiitircii; tlm Ifir
gist cirvuliition, tlirrcfon
it tho lfit for iidvci tiling.
Is a newnor for tilt'
people, lalse'l'tig fur tin
people nml voicing the sen
titiicnU of the jXHiple of
its own (mnt County.
I 'olnme XII.
ca.yyo.y crrv, aiu.vr vou.yty. oiuccu.y, tuvhsda v, sept emu eh 1 1, isqo.
I I I I ml I
THE GRANT COUNTY HEWS,
ri'M.iaimi Kvrnv tiiuhshay hoknino
j J. I. AStiURY
Editor and Proprlotor.
COUNTY OFFICIAL PAPER
HiilMwiption I your in ndvnnco S'-' "0
If not paid within II months . SI) 00
Six Months 1 fi()
Tlitoo .Months 7.i
l'.'.UO 1 year
'21.00' 1 vour
10.00, 1 vonr
For stnndiiitf tlinplny ads only
All Hearting Notices in hocnl
'Jolunrn will ho charged at tlio r.ito
of 20 cants por lino for first, and 10
cts each tuibdHqiioiit insertion.
Spociiilrntcs to regular ndvortisors.
vk Ain: ciii:caio:i to i:xix-im:
-fine Jot) Printing-
01' HVKItV DKHCItll'TION, I'llKAr-LV
Postern, Dodgers, Billheads, Letter
liondH, Xntohonds, State
PIIINTIU) 10 OltHKlt.
Co. Judge (. I. Hnzoltino.
Cloik George Shunter
TieuKUtor N. II. Holey.
V. li. Johnson.
11. II. DuVlH.
..J. V. .Mack.
, (). 1'. CrOHiip.
M. N. Honliiun.
. W. W. Hintot.
....M. 1). Clifford
Jatnos A. Fco
... C. F. Hyde.
Surveyor . . . .
Disc. A t oi tie v
A F & A V1 (Jimytui City Lodge
N'li. It I nn-eu Saturday on or before
each new iiumiii.
I O O F Hohuh I.odgo No. '2'2,
Canyon City, regular meeting Tlmrv
ila ei-ning of cujIi week.
Mountain 'tev Lodo No. SH, l'raiiie
City, Saturday o citings.
A O U W Hti"'r I.odgo No. 78,
I iinyon City, .Monday evenings.
I O C T '"V l"kn " K.
Canyon Oily, Saturday evening.
C A H '' Hancock Pot No.
;i I John Iay, Tuesday evening on
(l ! !"') o eich full ntooit.
Omaha, Kansas Cily, Chicago.
ST PAUL. ST. LOUIS.
AND ALL POINTO
Bast, North South,
J S.WILSON Ticket Auont.
DKPC Y STOCK fNSPECTOIt.S.
Notice in hereby given th t I have
this day appointed the following per
noim deputy Ktook inspeelom for
CI rnnl county, Oreyon:
NAM KM, I'OKTOn iCK.
I.. 11. Johnson D.iyvillo
John II. linker Caluh.
John C!. I.iicb, John l)nv.
John Hluckwoll Long Ciook.
YoOlls C.irtor, Fox.
Win. Hull Piairio City.
K. S. lllnckwell Hntnilton.
L. ,M. .lohiikon Hlioolly,
Hiiij. llnnankur, AVunur.
Stoek lni.pi'ctar for (hunt Co., Or.
May 7th. I .-'.in
E. E. BURLIN GAME'S
ASSAY OFFICE' D LABORATORY
K.im,-'. I mi c i rl.-i, MA 8tmtirt by
tin. I r ' " lui't aul currlwt btt -
Gold & Silver Bullion ,VB,d,'iVrrri;,ir:l..
Aintii, ::jc r:J imim a, u-.ut. uii.
SOMU IDEAS Oi-' HELL.
Heliefi Are Chancing About the In.
TIIK DEVIL. AND HIS OHIDIRON.
(I'afuUr Srltn Uontklf )
rt.i .t .
, int.' idea ut n pluec lor tlio pun-
ihiiiiMit lifter ik'ath of wieked men
is found in ino-t, though not nil,
of the religion of the priv-ont time
nml of antiquity. According to
conn; hflii'fs the pnniliiiuiit is to
lust forever; according to others
the torment are to continue only
for a time, uml nre to result in
purifying tlie imprisoned souls
and littiug tlium for heaven. The
I'omnn Catholie religion has both
I a purgatory, or place of temponi-
Sown.! lu i
Novi'ti-t.i, n 'i li r
ucrr .-i.l.c in. n
trill v, Htul lie tliiKht
li.ivc Hililnl iH c.tial Aitt c Unit tuml
Is the ruM'iirc uf micccim Wisdom'
Robcrtlne i the syuin m of incut, nncl
It history is. iii'triM The liiMgicil ef
fects of till itrrHUn .nv lrn nttc-st-ed
ty iIioumiikU of the Ir.nliii' lutticn of
society ami the st.ii-. It i-tiicoutv arti
cle ccriliooierel w Inch gives a Xiitur
a and lletiuliul tint to the complexion,
nt the Mine tune runovine n ronghix-wi
of the face tiinl Hrtm and leaving the
skin 5)ft, Miiooth -."'1 velvety. It has
liinj; tecii the tttml) nt cticmiHl.i to pro
duce an article that while it uhl .!
tify the complexion would alto have the
merit of beinn hai mint, hut thc-e two
imjHjrtnut ipialities were newr I'rouxht
together until combined in
Q V. HAIUIFIt, M. I).
Vhy mIcIiiii A Surgeon.
Casvo.v Citv : : Oreirou.
Office next door to Co. Treasurer's
office, .Main Street. 1
OUR, M. D.
Canyon City, Oyn.
Oitv on Mln Slrvel In Htouni lorwrrty u.u
b) lir. Ilonanl.
Q I. IIAZKLTINK.
CANYON 01 IV,
1i.so CiiKtK Oaroo.s
'AKItlSII it Co.AI).
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
Canton Citv, - - Oukgo.
jf A. KN Hi I IT,
3D 33 TNT T I T .
CANYON CITV - OIlWION.
CJtlice ovor John Schmidt's caliinot
shop; office Iioiiih from On in to 1 p tu
ALL WOBK WARRANTED.
I'rntiriolor of tlio
John Day Milk Ranch
Fresh milk delivered daily to my
customers in John Day and Canyon
cttieM. (live ino your orders.
? C 1IORSLEY, M I).
(laAiii ATKoi' tiii: Cniv:iihitv or
('.snnvi.va.-oa, April 8, 1818.
Canyon City, Oregon.
U lice in his Drug Stoie, .Main Stieet
Inters for Drug promptly li!lel
No profuMiioiml uitroiuigo solicted
in' iss diiectioiiK 1110 strictly followuil.
J. "JV. 3VTolc,
I'ltAi uii: Citv - - - Oiikoon.
Also Af,'"ut for the H.de of School
(Olllce op)KMit .Matouie Hull)
Canyon City .... Orogtn.
Jf"" .'III Work' Warranted.
; ry torment, nml it hell, which i ,
i everlfttiit. No idea of jH-iialtv
roiiticvtol With thfl t lie t
limit's it vn imply mi uiuier
world wliero dwelt nil tlio.e who
Intil the misfortune to lie dead, ir
iTjwotivu of their conilnct in life.
The word come from the (J reek
iiljective meniiing itiiseeii. The
Knglislt wonl hell had nlso origi
imlly the same meaning. It is de
rived from tlio Teutonic Itnelml.
w hence also the Anglo Saxon lie
Ian, to hide, "so tlmt the original
ten.e is the hidden or unseen
The conception of future exist
enco which my eluim to the great
ext antiquity ft that of the ancient
I'gyptinns. According to the
Egyptian lielief, if the great judg
ment renltel ndvurly, "the eon
demi.ed soul is either hcourged
hack to the earth stiaightwny, to
live again in the form of a vile
animal, m some of the emblem
iip)enr to denote: or plunged into
the tortures of a horrid hell of lire
ami devils helow. as numerous en
gravings set forth; or driven into
the atmosphere, to he veed mid
tossed by tempests, violently whirl
ed in blasts and clouds, till its
sins are oxjmtiutel, and mother
probation grunted through a re
newed existence in human form."
'ersia, also, we
IS HOW AT fOnTLAHD, OIICQON.
KlinilOSIIWIlO IM NUT rossini.vi'iM. ent
hOMI.I.V, IIO'IK litttTU.M I'l.lltlMl! .1
IX Till; III 1111 OK (I.I. Til AT Mil I. tillK
ixsiAxrt.M'ors uLtt v ami a
The unut pely, jirsitivc and rterriM
ileal I'liiv tnri.at.ir ill ot the Ilea I. Al!u:iu
nml all Throat, llmnchinl. I.uii'. llt.iri
StouiiU'li, Liver and Kidney AlTi-i lion--NervoiiK
Dchilitv, ct'. (.'uiikumption, in
itn vnrioiH stKc-i, ptrmant'titly riiicd.
I)H. AllOHN'S OlUl.lNAI. MollK Of Tl'.KAT-
ttits'T ami hU Mi'.dicati'.d 1miaitioss
ives iustaiitaaeou4 relief, I1111I1U up nud
it'vit.ilijci th: whole roiifclitittiou mid
'ysteiu, thereliy prolone.liij; life. Wink,
nervous, deliilitntcd mid tjiokcu-dowi
:oii-titulioui, old nud jouii, iu.irial!)
i;aill from tell to thirty pounds ill fiotu
diiity to ninety dajn. "
I)k. AliouN'splieiioinei'fi! nkill nnd mar
-vlou.i cure have created tl.e nuateil
isto:iiliinr:it oil thu 1'iuific Coant ami
ll.io.'luiut the American rontiiuiit, dur
itlK die -t tuciity-fio years Anhma,
Catarrh of the I lead, and all Throat, Ilron
. Iiial and I.iuiK trouble iiutantly relieved,
jbo liar Diseases and ni iifncusoflci cured
IH'rmnnctitly at liist coiiultati(.
tioKr.'s ckuy on the "Cur.ilality of Con
--i:il lion " jind a treatise ou "Catarrh ol
lae Meail." with cvldenrin of tome ex.
lr.ior.liii.it y cures, mailed free. Call 01
.Mkm dr aborn
I'ourt.'i i u.I JloirWon ht., S'ortUnJ, Orr(r..(
?"! !l Mie tiimit(, itciiftly pAi'-fil, r hi t
AILINYIIEQ 10 CALL FOR FREE CONSULTATION
THE CRY OF MILLIONS!
OH, 7UtY BKCKl
STOP IT NOW.
BOON IT WML DC TOO LATE
I luvtl ffiiliiulilf.liiuyrii li
Iikum of Hit VMlnctt uj lir 11 if I
many lltTrrrtit irmnlic all't havf
MiiiKla a i.l ftum ilillrirut jilii um
ilh. nil icllrl Almt the iMll .1 A.nl
I w. uflniiig fn hi a y i-.lriil
Hid lhal aluott ri.trtr.l mc In
ikii a in.inurr tiiai i a 1111 ur,
Whfll I ut Uown ll 4 .iluvo.l uii.ilblr (ur lilt
la k-'t up alonr ur in put on Mhr, wbtn
Vln.l 1-iuvSlriur trtu lir llrulry, with Ihc
OKKCO.V KIIINHV Ti:.. Pj my
hotel. I Immcttiatrly cuinmcncrl
...INK INC lea, 11 iiaii nil iuiu, .
Iilllaculoita rllrct. alt.1 In Ihe aitun. !
Ulimrnt ufall the curoU nt the hold. I:
In n few i1j.1 am bappy tu Matr. M Q
thai I n u nrw man. I ill4. tzij
Icvumillrlxl llw Ira tu ull all ulr.U 1 'I
a I have been. I V
l'(VIlitur (Mrntal Hotel,
IMUUl KUU, LMI.
Ar P. DUNCAN,
flonh Din - - Or
Hardware, Mineri" Supplier, Eto-, Lit-
llydratilie I'ijM and nil kinds of
Tinware iiiainif.u tured to order
TIip only Tin shop in (irunt cuiin
ty. and piips d for ull muntn r ut
""i REPAIRING A SPECIALTi
ligiou of grout antiquity Zoioas-
...I. :..l. ;'. ! :!.. i
iriaiii-m- wnien, ir a moiiiiied
fiirui, i held to day by the small designation means "the valley of
lnly of I'flrsis still to Ik foiiiul in the son of lliiinoui," and wn or
l'l ieia and India. Aeeoiiling to 1 iinally the name of a gorge out
the I'ursi belief the jrood alter side of Jerusalem 111 which the
dentlt jwss snfely over the bridge
Chiiievat, which stretches from
.Mount Allmrj up to (larotimui,
the bli-ioful realm of Drmtixd;
while thu wieketl fall from the
bridge into thu (lulf DiiRnhk,
which VHwna beneath, where they
. 11 1
are tormented liy dievas.
The Ltws of .Mann, one of the
early sacred laioksof I'nthinanisiu,
imim twonty one hells. Punish
incuts for ililfuruiit sins are, to lie
roliorn into one of theo hells, or
to return to earth us a beggar,
cripple, leper, or in the form of a
rut, a snake or u louse, the penalty
being in each case appropriate to
the crime. Punishment need not
be endless for any one, as each
successive life is a new probation,
in which righteousness wins ad
mission to a higher stage of exist
ence. Ut lUllllSM.
in litiihlhiain, which is one of
the religions of China and the
state religion of Thibet and othei
countries of Eastern Asia, future
ptiiifvhmctit is provided for in a
great hell, comprising u system of
Hlb lejer hells. The torments of
thee hells are depicted in many
I!uddhi.-t books ami paintings witli
much detail and vividness.
( iiink-i .
Af for the two other religious
of China, (.'onfunciunUm tells
nothing whatever about punish
ment aftur this life, while 'l uouisiii'!
has a theory of retribution much
like that of iSruhimiiiism.
The Jews in Old Testament
times had no idea of a help There
i 1111 mention of puuinhmeut alter
death in thu touching of .Moses,
nor i this doctrine taught by the
prophet. The word slienl, which
1- traiiidated by hell in the King
.la-ins version of the Mible, meant
11 ply the abode of the dead, ami
-piiuded to the (irtvk hades,
11 i l in the New Teatuiiient and
nth- r Ureck writings. Gloomy
nud repulsive ideas were associated
with hcol, similar to those we
eiiiititel with death and the grave;
bir i' wh tin- dotinatiou of good
nii'1 inel alike, and not a place of
punishment. The troubles which
the v ii-kiil and the enemies of the
.lew weie tlueatened with by the
prophet )crlaiiict to this World.
rbr( weie pain, diiease, loss of
pi'hn-iiiin and kiudreil, hostility
id neighbor, death, and imligui-tie-
lo the ilefid body. The idea
of hhi-ol Hrst liecaiim uuxlilied n ft it
the Peri.ian captivity. The place
was divided into two parts, which
were scpernted only by iho width
of a thread. One of these diM-in-ions
was for tln-''iid aw aitinn res
iirrection, and w.t- e.illid paradise;
KTilcli la tho flrft n roo or a lllr 7
Whk'h li th snerteat, a prach or a prarf
Uorr'a nKitirtUb, ami cbariulng- li 11111 1
Dora U rrntlu anil fair. Ibr.
Bwcct aaa fluwrr ti hor fncrnarn I kluod
(Ixiiolithemmanrvand elory of llf.)
lrillr mv (larmal I Im. "IW n .1.1...-
11 lit Dura 1 cbuuao for ur wifr.
Thnt't r If lit. Towns man. many tho rlrt
you lorn, by all itirani.lt aim I tavn you.
nhoulil lirr hrallh Ufimo ddlrato and hrr
I'itlty fadi after tnarrniD, ri-mpmlx-r that
(li la la lun to runrlional niatn-iK-l. Irr r
lilarltlra, or paluful tllaorilrra icullar tu
liir tfj. In tbo our i f wbd U lir. I'lrrw'
I'arontn I'rrarrlption I' ennraiilrril tu
(Irn utUfni-tion, i r n "Wy refunded,
I'.ir ovrrwornnl, woui-out," "run
down." ilebllltatnl ti-mkiTt, inllllurni,
drrMmaVrra, aratnalirwf-s. "rhop-irlrlt,"
boun-kKpera, iiuuimr lii"lhi-ri, and fftrblo
womnn ieoi-rally, or. I'lsren Kavorlto
I'ri-arrll tlon la th frralaMt earthly lioon,
Im-Iiiit iine.iialoil a an apiwtulti; cordial
aad rtatoratli e tonic-, or ttrriiK lli-j-lrir,
Cpyrlht, ISM, bf WoaLb'l 1)11. Win. aii-k.
Dr, Pierce's Pellets
reruUte and rleantei tho llrer. itomach and
bowela, They am purely ref rtalilo on j
IvrfivUy baruibu, One a Doae. Sold
iy druittna, XI wcu a visl.
i the other, ml uimrt for the wicked
11...1 ....1. mm.!
1 was caned lieiienna. 1 nin inner
1 dews had practiced the liery wor
snip 01 .Moioen ami were alter
ward oiral from the city and the
liodies of criminals were thrown to
he consumed by the lires always
t kept burning there. The idea of
i gelienna an a place of future pun-
1 r 1 1 1 1 1
leiimeui nan appeared in ran 1111
cal theology and became quite de
centiiiy or more liefore
At the coming of Christ there
were three chief sects among the
.lews. The Pharisees who were by
far the most numerous, believed
that binders wro kept forever in a
prison in the underworld; the Ks
senes believed that the vicious suf
fered eternal punishment in a
dark, cold place; and the Satlduc
ces thought that the soul tlied with
the body. The lirst threats of
hell in the Scriptures occ ir in the
teachings of Jesus. There are
three words in the Xew Testament
which were translated by hell in
tiie Kiiii; James liiblc; hades,
meaning the same as elsewhere in
(ireek literature; (Ichenna, which
was preperly the hell of Hebrew
concept inn, and is uniformly so
rendered in the revised vir-ion;
and Tartarus, used only once (C
Peter iii , III, which is the regular
(ireek word for the place of pun
ishment after death.'' The future
place of punishment represented
m Christ's teachings is a region of
lire: "Whosoever shall say, thou
fool, shall be in danger of tlio hell
of lire" (Matt, v., 'J'J, revised ver
sioni; the lire is to be eternal and
tiiiiiueiichable: "It is nood for
t lieu lo enter into life maimed
rather than haviur thy two hands
to go into hell, into the unquench
able liic, - where their worm
dielii not, and the lire is not
quenched," (.Mark ix., Ill, IS; see
also .Matt, wiii., S). In Revela
tion St. John informs us what fuel
is to support thu titiqtietitdiahle
lire: "If any man wondiipeth the
beast and his image, - ho
sluili be tormented with lire and
brimstone in the presence of the
holy angels, ami in the presence of
the l.uuili; and tho smoke or their
torment goeth up forever and ev
er; and they have no rest day and
night." l.'ev. ic, I) 11.) In an
other passage, it i rove.ik'd con
cerning various kinds of sinners,
that "their part shall be in the
lake that burnetii with lire and
brimstone, which i- the -eeoipl
dentli." ( l!ev. xi. S.) This do.'
Iriue Ma- intended to last uiieliatig
ed for all time, for we lind in tin
last chapter the statement I hut, if
any man shall add to or take from
the words of this book, he shall
still i-r all i li! torments and hmo all
the rewards which are written in
this prophecy, ijluv. xxii., IS til j
Moll A MM IMlANIsM,
The religion of Islam is charac
terized by lack of originality, and
the .Mohammedan hell contains
nothing but early made variations
of the ( iehenna of the Jews. To
the man that disobeys the precepts
of the Koran it in promised mat
God shall cast him into hell-tire;
he snail remain therein former."
In the Gicolc mythology which
was copied by the Romans, the
place of future punishment i call
ed Tartarus. 'Ihe universe i ri p
iv-entcd in the pnetry of I lamer
and Ilciod as a hollow globe, di
(ided by Hal earth. In (he top of
the upper hemisphere was Olyin-pu-.
the home of the g- ds; in the
liemtspiiere iieiieatli tlie ourtli was
hades, the a' o lo of i ll ti e dead;
and in its lowest tlepls was Turta
rus. .Mi anvil wouui lie nine days
and iiighliu falling from O.ym
pus to the eirlh; nine d iys and
nights from thu earth lo the but
, toni of Tartarus. "Around it,
nun cover, a brazen fence has been
forged; and about it Night i
siiiiimI in three rows." In Turin
rus there is darkness, nnd the air
has no motion. Prometheus, who
vu guilty of oveireaeliin Z us,
! wiik punished by being claimed to
a rock, purl of the lime on ar'h
and pari in Turtanl- n eal--
'dcwi'ited hi- liver i-my d-iy. -md
it was renewttl v'vry Jiifiht. Ix
1. . 1 T
ion, who hud Ihtii treacherous to
ens, whs clmin-l by the hands
nud feet to a wheel, which is do
sciibed winged or liery, nud is
said to have rollo I priM tu-illy in
the air. Ho is Ittilher sid to
hnve Iseen scourged and counselled
toeselaim: "Ibnefiictors should
Sisyphus is roprc-cnted by dif
fenmt authors ns guilty of treachery
of various kinds. ' His wickednes."
during life wa-s seve'ely punished
in the lower world, when1 he bad to
roll up hill it huge matble block,
which, as soon as it reached the top,
always rolled down again." Tanta
lus was a wealthy king, who divulg
ed the secret of Zeus. "The gods
punished him by placing him in
the nether world in the midst of a
lake, but rendering it impossible
for him to drink when he was thirs
ty, the water always withdrawing
w hen ho stooped. ltranches laden
with fruit, moreover hung over his
head, when he reached out bis baud
to teach the fruit the branches with
drew, liver Ins head there was stis
p'-nded a huge rock ever threatening
to catch him." The Danaides, or
lilty daughters of Tomans, nil but
one of whiim in obedience to their
father Killed their husbands on
their wedding night, were punished
in Taitartis by being eoniel!od
everlastingly to pour venter into a
According to the Scandinavian
mythology, nil who die bravely in
battle nre snatched nway to Vnihal
la, Odin's magnificent Ikmk pu t hall
in the sky. Those who, after bees
of ignoble labor, or in Klorioiis ease,
ilie of sickness, di scend to a cold
anil dismal cavern lieucath the
ground, called Nitlliciui i.e. the
mist world. This abode is ruled
by the go bleu of de.ith. whose dntne
is I lei. The place of torment for
reprobates is N'astrond, deeper un
derground than Nitlheim, and far
toward Ihe frigid north. This grim
prison is described in the following
p.issage from the prose Hilda, writ
Un written in Iceland in the Thir
teenth century: "In NaslroinI there
is a vast and direful structure with
duors that face the not t h It is
formed intirely of si-rpi-nts, wattled
t "getlier like wiek'TKotk. Rut the
serpents' beads an- turn -1 Inwards
the inside of Ihe b ill, nnd contin
ually vomit b.rtb flood of venom,
in which iv.nle .ill (hose who i oin
mit murder ur )m forswear them
selves." 'i .m i i ii::i!sj.
The fathers oi the Christian
ehureb geicr i!ly t lugbt tip- exinl
eliee of ll h il of m.iteri ll lire iilxl
brimstone. Alger gives as I heir Iki
hef that nt tin- resurrection tho
damned "were to l.-- Iinnilie. fniey
er to a fleiy hell in th e nter of the
i iittb. there to i itdurc tun oinpre
li. tiici agoiii.-s. t otti phsic.il and
spwitual, without any te-pil'-, with
out any end." The strict liieraiiiy
with which those doctrine weii
held is strikingly shown in Jerome's
nrlless question: If tlx.' dead bi
llot raised with Ih-sh ami ho.ic.
how cm the damned, after the
judgment, gnash their teeth in lu-li!"
Origin, who wiii a I'lutomst, and a
heretic on many points." says Al
ger. "wiiH Hcvcrcly condemned for
saying thai the file of hell was in
ward uml of the conscience, rather
than outward and of the body."
Tertullian sayr: "The damiied
burn eternally without consuming,
us the volcnnocH, which are vents
from the stored su'iterrauean lire of
hell, burn forever without wasting. "
Theo words siinl also to the belief,
noted above, that In-ll was located
under the i a lb
In tie- middle i-' - tip- t In t-'t in
eoie i-pl Pi-i i il h I, . .ine ii, c 1 1.
tc I at lea,
13 ru Ises ,
13 u r n o ,
W o u n d n ,
All Aches, v
fhw. A. V c'.err -.
tailed are more terrilile. Tho tie
tails can be found not only in tlio
Isjok.s of the period, but they were
favorite subjects for niirnclo plnvH
uml works oi'nrt, espei inlly for tho
pictures, carvings and painted win
times with which eotlrdrnls were
udorned. The monks of the iwriod
produced uii extensive literature of
visions describing the torments of
hell, hi these visions, according lo
The devil wns roproecnlod bound
by red-hot chains on n burning
gridiron in the center of bell. Tbo
scrcutns of bis in ver ending agony
made its rafters to resound; but hfs
hands wore free and with theso bo
seized the lost souls, i rushed tliein
like grap.s agiinsl his teeth, nml
thdn drew them '.v his breath down
the liery cavern ol' his throat. De
mons, with hook, of nd-hol iron,
plunged souls alternately into tiro
and ice. Some of the loit were
hung up by tie ir tongue, ollicm
were sawn asunder, others were
gnawed by serpents, others benton
together on an anvil nud welded in
to a single mass, others Unlet! and
strained through n . loth, others
twined in thi embraces of demons,
whose limbs were of ll uue. Tbo
lire of e.irth, it was said, was but n
picture of that of hell. The latter
was so iinineastir.ibly more intense
that it alone could bo called reul.J
lly far the tin ! elaborate descrip
tion of the punishments of siiricrn,
which thu middle ng. produced, is
that of Dante, w hose Inf, rno com
bines the torments of tin elnsbiettl
Tartnius nnd (he terrors ufa tbo
Christian hell. In this p.jom, which
was written ngbotit IMtH , (he author
represents himself as being conduct
ed through the infernal regions by
Virgil. Within the gates of hell,
but before crossing the river Ache
ron, the visitors found tlx.se who
had lived "willueateu infamy or
praise," and angels who had' been
neither faithful nor rebellious but
onlv selfish. They "were nuked
anil were stung exceedingly by gad
Hies and by hornets thttt were there."
Ileyond Acheron were uuul the
great ones of old, whose sin was
lack ol" baptism. Tlx s were "only
so far punished th it wuh-iul hop"
we lived on in th sire."
Tlx) reformers made little elmnee
in the medii val ionn piio:t of hell.
Calvin wiites: "Forever hnrrunsed
by a die.idful lemp-st, they shall
feel themselves turn iiMi'idcr by uu
Hilary God nnd transfix-d ami pen
etrated bv mortal stiniis, terrified
by the thunder hulls of God, and
broken be the wi luhl of his bund.
so tluit to sink into un, gulfs would
be more tolerable than to stand for
n moment in th tenors."
The chnracleii-tie austerity of
the I'tirit ins ti'els fr,tc .. in' the
depiction of h ill's torments. Their
gn-at jMiet. .Milt. m, deserile the
p'nee in the llrsl and second books
of Par idise l.nsi S ft and bis
host are C it lllbi t'. "(i.i'e to dwell
in a buiianiin - hai - an 1 penal
A in, i
- -i.t- k-r- -So
g ii I.
I i u i )
A ercun of in. i. u l.il tug powder.
HighiMl of nil in uii vim g sirutigth,
V S (!o(oriiuini Ilepoil, Auj.
no to nil:
r anyoii: GHy Barlier 8I1011.
Jas. J. 'V'vW, Prop.
I'l r-ts-r VI. . II
I'OO oil It (III CLT IN
tilt I AH.