3. OREGON UN ON ' TARIFF FOR REVENUE, INCIDENTAL PROTECTION AND SOUND MONEY. VOL. I. CORVALLTS, BENTON COUNTY, OREGON, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1897. NO. 21. liOr THREE TURKEYS HOWTOLLIVER WON HISTHANKS GIVING DINNER. His Five Shots in the Gallery Result in Only Two Misses -Proprietor Gives H im One Bird and Pays Good Money for the Others. Boze a Good Shot. Shooting for turkeys on Thanksgiving is not confined entirely to the country. Those people who recall the times in the rural districts when they furbished up the old squirrel rfle or the family shotgun and attended an old-fashioned turkey shoot ' will be glad to know that there is a chance to accumulate a bird by prowess in marks manship right here in town. It came, this knowledge, like a bright ray of sunshine to "Boze" Tolliver. "Boze" hailed from Missouri and he had been in Chicago a year. Times were tough and he and "the old woman" had hardly earned enough to keep themselves and the family. "Boze", had done teaming and odd jobs with his horses, but the fact was that right before Thanksgiving' "Pete had the cupboard," to use a Missouri phrase. To be sure, "Boze" had half a dollar, but that wouldn't provide a Thanksgiv ing dinner for six hungry people. He went out on the street and wandered along about six blocks, trying to think what he would get the most of for 50 cents. Presently he heard a sound some thing like a bell ringing and a sound also of shots. He looked across the street and saw a shooting gallery, with quite a crowd collected in and around the doorway, and 'he crossed the street rather aimlessly o watch the sport for a minute. When he got over there he saw that the crowd were shooting for turkeys. He pushed his way in and inquired the price of shots and the rules of the contest. n'-. 5 . Now, "Boze" was a famous shot''back yon in Missouri," arid could bark a squir rel with his rifle, or even kill a prairie chicken when flying from him straight away, and his mouth watered at the pros pect of gaining a turkey by an exhibition of skill with a rifle. He was told that the price of shots was 10 cents apiece; . that he must, ring the bell fairly on the smallest target to win a turkey. The hole on the smallest target was about as big as a 22-caliber cartridge and was exceed ingly difficult for even a practiced marks man to Cnd. Only one man won a turkey while ENTITLED TO THREE TTTHKETS. "Boze" watched the snooting and nearly forty shots were fired. It was evident that the proprietor was not losing money on the hcheme. "Boze" stood and watched. He did not like the new fangled looks of "them ar brieh-loiiders." Finally, as the crowd thinned out soiue the proprietor said to "Boze," "Want to try your luck?" "Well. replied "Boze," "I hain't never tried nary bricb-aoader, but ef you'll let me shoot my own rifle I'll try yon a few." "What caliber is your rifle?" said the shooting gallery man. "It's a Haw kens rifle," said "Boze." "Oh! I mean how big a bullet does she throw," said the proprietor. "Oh!" said "Boze," "she kerries about a hundred and twenty to the pound. It's a powerful little bullet," . "How many shots do you want to take?" asked the gallery man. "Well, I reckon about five," was the reply. - "Go ahead and get your gun," was the proprietor's answer, and "Boze" walked home and got out his artillery. It was a typical squirrel rifle, with the "buck horn" hind-sight, knife-blade front sight, cap 3 A THANKSGIVING DINNER bax and patch box in the stock and car rying a bullet scarcely larger than a pea. "Boze" returned leisurely to the gal lery after assuring his wife that he "didn't aim to shoot ary feller." The shooting gallery began to fill up to see the muzzle-loader perform. "Boze" had meas ured out the powder, carefully greased the patch and pushed the ball home with the hickory ramrod. He braced himself, took careful aim and fired The ball barely missed the center and the bell hummed lightly. The Missourian loaded his rifle carefully, nimed and firod again. This time the bell ran? clear and true, the crowd cheered and '"Boze" smilingly re marked: "By cat, 1 reckon that gits a gob bler." . '.. He reloaded" his rifle tor a third shot and, bringing the gun to his' shoulder for third time, he fired and rang the bH clearly again. The crowd by this time was in ecstasies, all but the proprietor. Even "Boze" was affected with a sense of joyful hilarity and on .his fourth shot he fired a trifle high. Reloading his old standby for the fifth and last shot he brought the gun up with the steadiness pf machinery. At the crack of the rifle the bell rang like a gong so clearly had the bullet reached the center. "Boze" was entitled to three turkeys. . "Tell you what I'll do," said the pro prietor., "I'D give you a " dollar and a quarter apiece for two of 'tbse turkeys. That will put you two dollars ahead, with your Thanksgiving bird free and your shooting costing you nothing." "That's fair," said "Boze." "I kain't fight over that." So "Boze" returned home triumphant with turkey and money and the Tollivers had as big a feed as anyone. And all be cause "Boze" had cultivated a knack for rifle shooting. As he said to himself at the diuner, with his utterance somewhat choked with "stuffin': "What a feller kin do hain't allays goin' to do him good, but what a feller kin do kin be depended on to come in sometimes. It looks . to me thataway." Chicago Chronicle. Should Be Thankful. Yes, there are gloomy aays of dark repining, That sadly flit along on leaden wing, And yet, somewhere, the sun Is always shin ing, every winter surely ends In spring. Yes. there Is pain and suffering neart-rend-Ing, Aid pitiful old age, grown faint and gray; Bui young Uvea some to crown the old lives' ending Think of the children In the world to-day! Yes. there is war. God waits a littler longer Ere he will nil this jarring strife subdue; But- human life to-day was never stronger. And human hearts were never half so true. Yes, in each life there will be bitter "sorrows But 'tis not long this space of mortal breath; There waits for each of us a grand to-morrow, There waits for eaeh the kindly night of . oeatn. A world where sunbeams dance and birds are singing, Where violets never fall to come In May Where little children's yoices sweet are ring- lnK. Where love shines steadfast on the darkest way! . . A world where dear life meets us, full of eladness. And guides our steps o'er easy paths and steeo: And where her smile has faded Into sadness. Dear Death soothes every weary heart to sleep. m Beyond our sight the angels are rejoicing, They staud around the- throne In shining ranks; On. let us Join the song that saints are voieliiir. He Is our Father let us. too. give thanks: The Housewife. Gla 1 Tilings Are No Worse. "Lampton, have you any special cause for thanksgiving this year? "Yes, sir; I'm glad one turkey Is enough for a man and wife and six children. Chicago Record. Comparative Joys. "Have you much to be thankful for this year, Grumpy t 'Well something. I m thankful that AND MONEY BURN. they can't than they months." make it any have during tougher for me the last twelve The Real Reason. "Jimmie," asked the Sunday teacher, "why is it that so many are grateful on Thanksgiving?" school people " 'Cause that's the time they alius gets turkey." Detroit Free Press.'' . Although you are this time of the year The theme of many a loast From lips of those who love you dear, You also got a roast. Judge. Herbert I "like Thanksgiving dinner the best of any in the year. Aunt Jane How is that? Herbert- Because it is so good that I never want the dessert first. Truth, TO GIVING THANKS. A quaint, brown bouse, Just out of town We young folks know the way; 'Tls there, each year, with Grandma Dow, We keep Thanksgiving day. A host of uncles, cousins, aunts. Gathered from far and near. The wanderer from home returns To greet his kindred dear. So great the crowd, so small the house, 'Tls full to bursting, quite; But grandma says, "There's room for all Who may with us unite." And 'round the cheerful hearth where we. As children, loved to play. With many a merry song and Jest We keep Thanksgiving day. Then "ting-a-ling," the dinner bell Summons us, one and all; To hasten to the laden board. Nor wait the second call. The turkey, roasted to a turn. The place of honor takes; Here, too, such doughnuts, puddings, pies. As only grandma makes. , And seated thus, each one recounts - The blessings of the year: The dangers passed, the hearts made glad We give attentive ear. Then on the youngest papa calls: "Come, Ned, 'tls your turn now." Cries Ned, "I's thankful as can be That we's got Grandma Dow!" Good Housekeeping. - SOMETHING ABOUTTHE DAY. The Thanksgiving Festival Was Long of a Peripatetic Natnre. HANKSGIVING till as late as 1080, nearly sixty years after its idea - was first suggested, was eminently a movable feast, liable to occur at any time from January to Decem ber and in any place throughout the colo nies, wherever - the various inhabitants felt gratitude to be a becoming emotion. Instead, too, of a general expression of thanks, as is now the custom, they ren dered up thanks in detail on one occa sion it would be in return for much-needed rain, then for triumph over the Indians and again for the safe landing of the Eng lish supply ships. One time, indeed, in July, 1021, when rain finally came after a prolonged period of drought and prayer, they appointed a thanksgiving of one week in duration. Were such a peripatetic Thanksgiving to come in vogue again it would be quite a shock to us of this generation, with our pre-established notions of Thanksgiving as inseparable from roast turkey, cran berry sauce and pumpkin pie. Fancy sit ting down to our Thanksgiving dinner in April when- we might esteem ourselves lucky if we were furnished with aspara gus as a delicacy and rhubarb pie as a dessert, for if we had been pilgrims or even Massachusetts Bay colonists we would have been obliged to choose be tween taking what the soil produced or going without, these present happy days of a whole Florida garden being landed by express at our doors in midwinter not being yet on the American program. Or imagine the Thanksgiving dinner of July, 1021, partaken of perhaps to the delight ful accompaniment of the patter of the rain for which they had so fervently pray ed and with green corn as the piece de resistance, or that Thanksgiving in June, 1037, after victory over the Pequods. when maybe strawberries garnished with roses formed the menu. i. On these occasions, though, the colonists had evidently quite lost sight of the part that the autumn harvest plays in the ob servance tne prehistoric significance of the festival, the season being with them purely and simply a many-voiced thank offering in acknowledgment of the better ing of their condition. After it became an annual auair it suppiantea m a measure the English Christmas, whose celebration was too riotous to meet their strict re ligious notions this the puritanic Thanks giving, supplying the unalloyed devout ness which was the one thing they would willingly have retained in the Christmas of their forefathers. As has been seen Thanksgiving day for the first sixty years of its existence was a hit-and-miss affair as to time and place, and even after it had settled down into an annual autumn festival if the people did not feel particularly encouraged the ob servance of it was liable to be omitted, and it did not assume its national charac ter till during the revolution, when Con gress recommended the yearly appointing of such a day. In spite of this, though, in the years intervening between 1784 and 1789 there were no Thanksgiving days. In lioM Washington issued a Thanksgiving proclamation hTview of the adoption of the Constitution and after that to the time of Lincoln, the example of the first President was intermittently followed by his successors. But only 3ince loos can Thanksgiving be said to have been a fixed and universal American custom, and in that year the Governors of the different Southern States united with their Eastern brother officials in issuing Thanksgiving proclama tions, and the example set' by Lincoln in lsbd of issuing a Thanksgiving proclama tion suggesting the last Thursday in No vember as an appropriate day has been followed since without break bv every oc cupant of the presidential chair. j.nough long in coming to its fulfillment, like some fair oak tree that requires many years of storm and sun to bring it to its full beauty, Thanksgiving, the Sunday of our national year, is now an imperishable monument of the faith, the benevolence and the softer graces so often averred to have no existence in this practical work-a-day American world. A THANKSGIVING DINNER IN 1621. Pilgrims' Banquet to Indian Chiefs Was Fit to Set Before a King. "The state dinner of the occasion the real Thanksgiving dinner took place on Saturday, the last day of the celebration," writes Clifford Howard of "The First Thanksgiving Dinner" in America, in the Ladies' Home Journal. "Notwithstand ing that the kitchens of these wilderness homes were sadly wanting in many of the most common essentials of cookery, there was no lack of good things nor of appetiz ing dishes at this great feast. The earth, the air and the water had yielded of their bountiful supplies, and the good dames had done honor to their skill and ingenuity by setting before their hungry guests and companions a repast as sumptuous and tempting as it was varied and delightful. Foremost of all there was roast turkey, dressed with beechnuts; then came rare venison pasties, savory ..meat stews with dumplings of barley flour, delicious oys ters (the trift of the Indians, and the first ever tasted by the white men), great bowls of clam chowder with sea biscuit floating on the steaming broth, roasts of all kinds, broiled fish, salads, cakes ad plum por ridge; while the center of each of the long tables was adorned with a large basket overflowing with wild grapes and plums and nuts of every variety. "It was the time of the Indian summer. The soft, mellow sunlight shone warmly through the drowsy haze, illumining the somber woodland with a rich golden light, while the gentle winds of. the south, laden with the sweet perfumes of the forest, came as a lingering dream of summer to add to the joy and brightness of this Thanksgiving feast. Upon the balmy air rose the hum of many voices and the merry music of laughter, as the Pilgrims with their Indian guests partook of the feast th-it the Provider of all, things had given them." An Electrical Letter Carrier. A very clever mail delivery box has been placed in a number of the larger buildings at Geneva, Switzerland, by an enterprising electrician. This mail box has a compartment for each of the stories of the building;, and when the letters are deposited on the ground uoor the carrier delivers them as required. The deposit of a single letter makes an electric contact, which starts a bell go ing on the respective floor, which does not cease ringing until the letter is taken out. At the same time it opens the faucet of a tank on the roof of the house, which causes water to flow into the cyl inder forming the counterweight of the mail box elevator until the weight is heavier than the box, when the box ascends and the flow of water ceases simultaneoulsy. As the box passes each story the mall intended for it letters-, papers and small packages falls into boxes in the corridor on that floor. This is performed very reliably by a little, spring at the bottom of each compart ment in the elevator mail box, which causes the bottom of the compartment to catch for a moment, and the release throws out even a single piece of paper thinner than a postal card into the sta tionary box provided for its reception. By its own weight the box descend to its place on the ground floor. Should by any mischance a single piece ef paper have remained in the elevator, upon striking the bottom it will at once go through the same series of movements as before. New York Evening Journal. Voice from the outsideHeah, I'se got hold ob two ob de bigges' turkeys in de coop, but dog ef dev ain' stronger den I is. The Wires Crossed. NEWS OF THE WEEI' From all Parts of the and Old World. New BRIEF AND INTERESTING ITEMS Comprehensive Review of the Import ant Happening's of the Gar- rent Week. Rear Admiral Alexander Golden Rbind, U. S. N., is dead at his home in New York city. He had been con fined to his bed for five weeks, The labsr troubles which have been brewing in Randsburg, Cal., for soma time culminated . Wednesday, when about 100 members of the miners1 union went in a body to the Roxie mine and peremptorily drove superin tendent Clarke and five men out of the camp for-working below the schedul of tBe union. - A new industry has started la Owensboro, Ky., with 100 employes. It is to utilize cornstalk cellulose for lining battleships. Materials for mafc ing an imitation of silk and for making celluloid are among the products. Pa' per is another product. W. W. Gibbs. of Philadelphia, is president, and the stockholders are Easterners. The owners of the German ship Po- trimpos, stranded at Long Beach Wash, have bought two 10,000-pound anchors of the United States warsln Vandalia, which was wrecked at Samoa several years ago, and will ship them from San Francisco at once, for use in floating the Potrimpos next month is expected that the ship will be put into deep water in less than a month A remonstrance against allowing Chinese coal miners to be imported into the state for the purpose of min ing coal at Wilmington and other towns in place of the striking miners, will be placed before Governor Tanner in th name of the United Mineworkers of Illinois. The . governor will also be asked to co-operate with the secretary of the miners' federation in" keeping out the coolie labor. Secretary Ryan says if the Chinese come bloodshed will surely result. If Governor Tanner refuses to interfere President McKinley will be appealed to.- Aiiree men were Durnea to death in a fire at Hot Springs, Ark. ' Marshal Blanco has extended a full pardon to all rebels in Cuba. A rumor has reached Simla that a native officer and 35 Sikhs belonging to the Kurram column have been inter cepted by tne tribesmen in a ravine and slaughtered. Two men met death in Southern Or egon. One was struck and hurled from a trestle by a train on the South' era Pacific, the other was run over by the same train while switching in the yard at Grant's Pass. A Naples dispatch says Mount Vesu vius is in great activity. A mass of lava is ponring out from the Artio de Cavello crater, which opened in 1895. Two wide streams are flowing down in the direction of Vitrova and Hia'no del Inestro. A terrible famine is raging in the province of Archangel, Russia. Many have already died of starvation. The j-'-ople wander about reduced almost to skeletons, the heads swollen to the size ' of baskets. The only means of subsist ence is tea. i The chamber of commerce of San I Francisco, has sent the following mes sage to President McKinley: "In the name of humanity and patriotism, the j chamber of commerce of San Francisco I respectfully urges upon you the prompt , dispatch of the revenue cutter Bear to j the Arctic, under, command of Captain . Healy, with discretionary orders, fully equipped and provisioned, to rescue . over 400 men imprisoned Dy ice near , Point Barrow, and with authority to use, if necessary, reindeer, at the gov ernment station, to facilitate the land ing." ; The United States supreme court has j affirmed the decision of the lower court in the case of the interstate commerce commission against the Alabama Mid land and the Georgia Central railways, and otherB. The case arose out of 1 charges by citizens of Alabama that the companies were disregarding the long and-short-haul clause of the interstate ' commerce law. The point at issue was whether, when there was competition between railroads and water transpor tation, the roads must file lower rates ; with interestate commerce commmis Bion, and it was decided in the nega tive by the court I The anarchists of New York cele , brated the 11th anniversary of the con viction of their comrades in Chicago, at a public -meeting. mere were about 500 anarchists in the audience. Johann Most presided snd spoke of the "canaille of capitalism," which he said congratulated itself that the social question had been squelched,, and that peace and order. prevailed. He wanted to tell the political bandits that "the anarchists were not gathered to mourn or to shed tears, but to sing a song of triumph, for the future was not far off. " He called the governm ent a cowboy government, with apologies to cowboys, and tickled his hearers by saying only one bomb was fired in the Haymarket, but it did excellent execution. Consul Duester, at Crelfeldt, Ger many, reports to the state department at Washington a discovery made there which it is said revolutionizes the methods of illumination. It is an in candescent gas lamp. Single jets of or dinary size can emit a light of much more than 1,000 candle power, and fine print can be read at a distance of 100 feet. The inventor says the cost for a light of 1,500 candlepower is only i cents per hour, while that for an or dinary electric light of 40 candlepower ii 14 cents per hour. THE CRIME AVENGED. Murderers of the Spicer Family Strung Up by a Mob. Bismarck, N. D., Nov. 16. Alex Coudol, an Indian half-breed, and Paul Holytrack and Philip Ireland, full blood Indians, the first of -whom was sentenced to death for the murder of six members of the Spicer family last February, and had just been granted a new trial by the supreme court, and the latter two self-confessed accessories in the murder, were taken from th county jail, in Wood county last night and lynched by a mob. The lynching had apparently been cooly planned, and was carried out without a break. Sudden and swift retribution was meted out. Williams port, where the hanging took place, is about 40 miles from this city, and off the railroad. The news of the lynch ing was- received here this afternoon The men had been in the custody of Deputy Sheriff Kelly. They were taken from him by the mob and hanged to a beef windlass several yards from the jail. Their bodies were left hang' ing during the entire day, the coroner not having arrived, and no one else volunteering to cut them down. About 40 men were concerned in the lynching. They rode into Williams port on horseback late at night, and tethered their . horses a short distance from the city, that they might secure Them again as speedily as necessary after the deed was done. The jail is a substantial stone structure, and was in charge of Deputy Sheriff Thomas Kelly. Since the confinement of the prisoners there, so great has been the fear that they might escape in some way, that one man had watched the prisoners all night. Last night Kellv was on watch' There was a meeting of the lodge of Woodmen in a building near the jail and as Kelly was a member, he expect' ed to meet some of the members of the lodge after the meeting had adjourned. To while away the time daring the night hours, he was playing solitaire in front of the cells in which the mur derers were confined. About 2 o'clock there was a rap on the outer door of the jail, and Kelly .rose quickly and turned the key in the lock, thinking that the -persons he expected to meet had arrived. - No sooner had he opened the door than the mob crowded into the corri dors. All of them were masked, and the leaders carried ropes. Kelly at once realized what the mob had come for. The lynchers were quiet but Ao- termined. The leader presented a re' volver at the head of the deputy sheriff and told him they wanted his prisoners. and demanded that he open their cells, Kelly demurred, but saw that resist ance was useless: and unlocked the door. Two of the prisoners were con fined together, and the other in a seper ate cell. They had been aroused from sleep by the entrance of the mob. and sat up, half awake and trembling" in terror. Holytrack and Ireland were pulled from their beds, ropes were fast ened about their necks, and they were dragged out on the ground, after being told to prepare for death. The men were then dragged to a hnge beef windlass, which had been erected to suspend carcasses of slaughtered beeves, and were strung up on a cross beam. Cudol was the first man to be hanged. It is reported that he was asked before he was hanged whether Blackhawk and Defender had also been concerned in the murder for which he was about to be hanged. He answered in tne amrmative. xne rope, wnicn had been fastened about his neck, was then thrown over a crossbeam, and he was suspended in midair. Holytrack and Ireland were treated in a like man ner and the mob then quietly dispersed. IN A SNAKE'S COILS. Museum Watchman Severely Injured by an Anaconda. Philadelphia. Nov. 16. A huge an aconda on exhibition here today severe ly injured Samuel Masher, the museum watchman, and crushed to death m valuable trick pony. The pony vai tied to a feed box alongside the ana conda's cage. Masher . saw the reptile had worked one of the boards of its cage loose and had stretched out a short dis tance. He pushed the board to, believ ing the anaconda would pull within its cage again. Instead, it wriggled out and wrapped itself several times about Masher. The latter screamed for help, and the pony, frightened by the big reptile, began jumping about. This saved Masher's life, for the reptile un wound himself from him and com pletely encircled the pony. Masher fell to the floor unconscious. When a number of employes reached the scene, the snake began to unwind itself, and appeared to be getting ready for the fight. The men kept aloof until a lasso was obtained and the snake finally made secure. Several of Masher's ribs, were broken, and he was taken to a hospital. Marching on Havana Key West, Fla. Nov., 15. Riano, in Havana province, has been attacked again, the insurgents making no effort, however, to enter the town. The in- urgents were under Juan Delgado. The Spaniards made no resistance. Calixto Garcia is said to be marching toward Havana through Matanzas prov ince with a large insurgent army, many arge guns, and plenty of ammunition, arms and dynamite. London, Nov. 16. The Rome corre spondent of the Daily Chronicle says: Baron von Bullow, the newly appointed German secretary of state for foreign affairs, in an interivew with the pope, has warmly complained against the sympathy of the Vatican with the Franco-Russian alliance and its hostil- ty to the triple alliance. He declared in the name of Emperor William that if the Vatican persisted in such a policy the German government would retali ate on the Roman Catholics. CIVIL SERVICE LAW Strong Effort Will Be Made to Secure Its Repeal. OPPOSITION IN WEST AND SOUTH Sufficient Number of Senators and Rep resentatives Fledged to In sure Its Abolition. Washington, Nov. 16: A strong effort will be made during the coming session of congress to secure the repeal of the civil-service law. . The support ers of this movement say that they have hal promises from a sufficient number of senators and representatives to co-operate with them to insure its success, provided that all those mem bers who have heretofore favored the repeal are still of the same mind. Thomas R. McKee, the journal clerk of the house of representatives, who has long been a bitter opponent of the existing law, and who has taken pains to ascertain the views of many of the members -on the subject, said today that he was confident that if the oppor tunity offered for a direct vote on the question of repeal, it would be carried t by a large majority. "While it is not true," said he, "that I have been engaged in making a canvass of the house on this matter, it is true that I have talked with a great many members about it. I am convinced that for suoh a proposition my own state of Indiana would give its entire 13 votes, and I believe that Ohio and Illinois are just as much opposed to the law. As for the Western states I do not believe that they will furnish a single vote for the retention of the system, and in the South, both Demo crats and Republicans, with only a few isolated exceptions, would welcome its abolition. It is purely an Eastern, in stitution, and it is entirely unrepubli can and un-American. "It was originated by the college professors and educators of the East, especially of New England, the center of our educational system, for- the ex press purpose of providing easy and comfortable berths for such of their graduates as were not physically able to stand the strain of the professional life for whjch they were trained, or who found the professional ranks al ready well filled. The manufacture of ' :ollege graduates went on so fast that it became necessary for the professors to find some ' outlet for the young' men whom they were turning into the crowded fields of law, medicine and theology. So they turned to the gov ernment and, with Dorman B. Eaton at their head, himself a life-long educator, induced it to require of applicants for government positions a preliminary ex amination, which, in many cases, they knew only men fresh from the college's could pass successfully. , It is a fact that President McKinlev is now having as much trouble in satis factorily filling the 300 or so places he has to give away as Grant did to dis pose of 200,000 places. There is al most as much eagerness and strife around the White House today over a little $600 position as there used to be over the appointment of the minister to Germany. This shows that the desire for office ie still as strong, and it is a natural desire. Representative Gros venor made a strong point when he said in his speech that the right of a man to participate in the affairs of the gov ernment in other ways than by merely casting his ballot was one that could not be constitutionally taken away from him. The heads Of the govern ment department should have the right to make the appointments of their sub ordinates, and they should be held re sponsible for their actions. The presi dent would then have less of his time wasted on small matters of patronage, and after filling the, larger and more important offices would then be able to devote himself to affairs of state. That there is a strong sentiment in the country at large "in favor of there- peal of the law I am sure, and I am satisfied, also confident, that the senti ment will find expression in congress during the coming session. The only recent vote that has been had upon the subject which gives any foundation upon which to base a calculation as to the reeult, was had towards . the close of the last session of the 54th congress. A proposition was made by Mr. Brosius, of Pennsylvania, to extend the opera tions of the civil service law in a cer tain particular. The question was as to the consideration of the bill, and it was defeated by a two-thirds majority. ' While this was not a direot vote it afforded an indication, if not of the strength of the repeal movement, at least of the weakness of the supporters of the civil service system. It is my opinion that if nothing else is done, the civil service commis sion will be abolished with all of its cumbrous machinery. In its stead a departmental examination to determine the fitness of applicants for appoint ment in the government service will be substituted. This- would be very proper, so far as the Washington de partments are concerned, but I would not require even thio in offices outside of Washington, and I wouid limit alT office-holding tenures to. four years each. The civil service commission costs the people now $150,000 a year." A number of others have spoken in a similar strain recently. Confessed to Drowning HI Child. Kansas City, Nov. 16. At Livesley, Mo., the trial of William Carr, who confessed to drowning his 3-year-old daughter in the Missouri river, was be gun today. No defense was attempted, the lawyer appointed by the court urg ing that the state hasten the prisoner's fate. Judge Broadus reserved his do. oision. , . . 1 -'i. J 'S 4 .