Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Oregon union. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1897-1899 | View This Issue
: if B ! .
TOHCS fDR FARMERS
A DEPARTMENT PREPARED FOR
OUR RURAL FRIENDS.
The Action of Frost Favors Plant
Growth How to Select Exga for
Hatching Better to Feed Corn
Fodder in Fall Length.
The Action of Frost.
The principle on which the frost acta
favorably in improving tilth is in the
rupturing of the soil particles by ex
pansion. The action of the frost causes
to expand the soil particles and the
water with which the earth may be
charged. The result is that the soil
particles are broken and separated in
somewhat the same manner as a bottle
or Jug In which water has frozen is
broken. The further result is that in
proportion as fineness of soil Is more
favorable to seed and plant growth, so
the more completely the soil is divided
by repeated freezings and tha wings dur
ing the time between crops, the better
for the coming crop. ,
It is n6ted in this connection that one
need not, as in spring tillage, wait until
the soil is quite dry before spading, for
it is an advantage rather than other
wise to work it so wet that it leaves the
spade- in unbroken clods; the more In
terstices in the mass after it is thrown
over the better. The difference in the
following spring and summer between
soil that has been fall-worked as out
lined and that which has remained un
touched until spring, is most marked.
Beds that were thus thrown up roughly
in the fall come out In the following
spring a mass of earth as fine as an ash
heap. To overlook the gain that comes
from killing the larvae of various de
structive insects by turning up the soil
before winter would be a mistake. It is
known by many actual tests that they
die in large numbers by winter freezing.
Bares for Hatching.
' Eggs for hatching should be very
carefully gathered in the afternoon of
each day and placed in a basket lined
with soft paper. Keep the sitting eggs
In the sitting room; the temperature of
the room should be about fifty degrees.
It is a good plan to mark the date of
the month on each egg as it is brought
in. To have fertile eggs the hens must
be given a good range, and be fed a va
riety of food, such as wheat screenings,
cracked corn, boiled vegetables, meat
scraps and above all have a grass plot
of a small patch of green rye to run
over. Set the hens early, make the nest
In a square box that can be pushed from
the laying room into the sitting room.
By this arrangement the hens will not
be disturbed. A little dally looking af
ter to supply th,em with water and food
is all that will be needed. I would not
advise any one to buy an incubator un
less he is going into the chicken busi
ness in earnest. You cannot make mon
ey in chickens taking it as a side issue.
If you are after eggs and poultry for
home consumption, and do not want
much bother, leave the Incubator alone.
Feedinx Corn Fodder.
Instead of getting a hay-cutter for
ouitttng ' all the corn fodder, I would
advise feeding It long, and letting the
animals eat what they will. If it were
fairly well cured, a large part will be
eaten, if not fed too freely. Them I
would gather the stalks that are left
and chop them fine enough to handle
well, say three or four inches long, ami
put them in a large box or half-hogs-head.
Then pour boiling .water over
the mess, and sppinkle a fuantity of
meal and shorts over !t,-id cover it
tightly, and let it remain over night.
Feed in the morning, and, if the stalks
are eaten with a relish, I would con
tinue the practice as long as I found it
satisfactory. A trial lot can be cut
with an ax and block. Of course, noth
ing has been added to the nutritive val
ue of the stalks, but the hot water will
soften them, and, perhaps, make them
palatable, so that more will be eaten.
North East Farmer.
How to Move Larcre Hoars.
Make a cage or box large enough to
hold the hog, but without any bottom.
To get the hog in, throw down an ear
of corn, and while she is eating it let
two men lift the cage and put it over
her. One can do it by tipping it just
right. Have a loose bottom (an old
door will do very well) a little wider
and longer than the cage; place this
from the ground to the wagon orsle'gh.
Carry or drag the - cage along the
ground and up the slanting floor, and
the hog will walk right on the sleigh
or wagon herself, and there will be no
lifting excepting the cage. Throw the
bottom on top of cage, put a chain
over and fasten to wagon. When un
loading, just reverse the operation.
Roots for Variety.
As spring time approaches, which is
also the farrowing time for sheep, cows
and hogs, the advantage of having a
good supply of roots to promote milk
flow becomes apparent. It Is not true
that roots are cheap nutrition, for their
bulk and weight Is very largely wa
ter. But as an appetizer and to in
crease milk flow they cannot be sur-
the best roots, the latter having ,the
advantage of being good keepers, and
can be used up to the time the grass is
forward enough to furnish a good bite.
I?ras;ging Corn Stubble Land.
So soon as frost is well out of the
ground in spring, two horses with
heavy drag should be run over the corn
stubble of last year. It Is an excellent
preparation for plowing, lightening and
drying the surface soil, so that when
It is - turned under the furrow it at
once begins to ferment. Land thus
treated makes an excellent seed bed for
grain. The work also is just what
horses need to break them in for the
heavier work of plowing which must
Horse Radish for Spring TJs.
Horse radish needs- to be dug early
In spring to be of much value. So soon
as green growth begins the 'root be
comes tough and stringy. What is still
worse, is that If the roots are not dug
In spring, the next season's growth par
takes of the woody character, and is
of little value for market Only by
taking out the old growth every spring,
and leaving a few small roots deep in
me sou to make a new growth for next
year, can the horse radish bed be kepi
In condition to produce every year a
Ventilation for Hotbeds. .
Lack of ventilation and keeping the
hotbed too warm is much more often
the cause of plants dying off than is
frost Except in the very coldest
weather, sash should be raised a por
tion of the day to give the plants air.
This will make them hardy and fit to
grow when set in the open air. By
confining the plants too closely they
are made tall and spindling, thus de
stroying their value for future growth
Snow Tbawinz Under Snow Banks.
It shows good drainage, either nat
ural or by underdrains, when the snow
banks thaw from below. It means that
there is an outlet for water through the
subsoil, and that, as the water goes
down, the warm air below which it
displaces rises to the surface;
The Canadian Experiment Station
puts rape at the head of all green feeds
for the growth of lambsln both car
cass and fleece.
A reputation cannot be made in a
day, but when the fruit grower makes
a reputation it adds to his capital, as
he will secure better prices and will
always have a demand for his produce.
All fruit marketed should be labeled
with the name of the grower.
Grapes should be trimmed while the
weather is cold. If they are trimmed
in the spring they will bleed; that is,
sap will run from the ends of the
shoots that have been cut and the
vines will be weakened. If cut now
these ends will be healed by the time
sap begins to flow and the liability of
damage will be reduced.
That such plants as "Venus' fly-trap"
actually catch and squeeze to death
flies and other Insects alighting on their
leaves has long been known, but the
discovery is comparatively recent that
the plants digest the softer parts of
their prey by means of a peptic fer
ment secreted by the leaves. These,
then, are real Instances of plants feed
ing upon animals.
Professor Plumb, of Purdue Univer
sity, in his work on corn culture,' says
he finds it satisfactory to put seed corn
on the ear in common brown coffee
sacks, which are hung from the rafters
to cure, away from rats and mice. The
essentials In preserving seed corn are
to dry it thoroughly before hard freez
ing weather and to keep it secure from
rats and mice. Any plan that secures
this will be satisfactory.
A correspondent f an exchange says
the best method of killing Canada this
tles Is to cut the thistle when it is in
blossom, ohe'foot or more from the
ground; take one-third salt and two
thirds saltpeter, grind fine, take a
pinch with finger and thumb and place
on top of each thistle stalk. After they
are wen withered set fire to the patch.
The fire will go as far as the saltpetre
has gone, which is known to be ten to
twelve feet deep.
A combination of vegetables and fruit
enables the farmer to have something
to sell every month in the year from
early spring to the approach of winter,
and especially if he used hotbeds.
When the farmer depends on staple
grain crops he must wait for harvest
before he has anything to sell. A va
riety of crops which Include, vegetables
and fruits are also securities against
total loss from drought
JAMAICA'S MONGOOSE TF IAL.
To Free the Island from Rats The
The introduction of , the mongoose
into Jamaica marks one of the standard
instances of unexpected results follow
ing upon an attempt to artificialize the
process of natural selection, and takes
rank as a warning with the plague of
rabbits and thistles in Australia. The
mongoose was introduced from India,
In 1872, In order to abate the pest of
rats, which infested the sugar canes,
and after performing the salutary duty
it increased and multiplied to such an
extent that not only the rats and mice
but most of the living species of the isl
and were threatened with extinction.
Poultry suffered first, but the depreda
tions extended to young pigs, kide.
lambs, newly dropped calves, puppies
and kittens. Game of all kinds was at
tacked, both living and in the egg. The
marauder ate even fish, and made such
a specialty of snakes, ground lizards,
frogs, turtles and land crabs that many
kinds of these entirely disappeared.
Finally the mongoose developed a rav
enous desire for bananas, pineapples,
young corn, avocado pears, cocoas,
yams and the sugar canes which It had
been called in to protect, winding up
Its tastes with an appetite for salt meat.
' The result was a wholesale disap
pearance of species. ' A few birds, like
the ground dove, had the sense to shift
their breeding places to the tops of the
prickly cacti, where they were safe; but
other animals, and the reptiles In par
ticular, suffered so severely that many
kinds were believed for years to be ex
tinct. As a consequence, there arose
yet another plague. Insects, like the
ticks and "jiggers" (or chigors), which
used to be kept down by the snakes. In
creased so overpowerlngly that men
and cattle were grievously, infested.
One could not walk without being cov
ered with them.
The victory over the island remained
with the tick and the mongoose, until,
within the past year or two, a fresh
stage set in. The mongoose suddenly
began to be less plentiful, and it was
found that he had fallen victim to the
tick. The results of the diminution are
shown in a gradual reappearance of
other beasts, birds and reptiles. Among
the snakes there Is a very marked in
crease, and even the ground lizard, sup
posed to be quite extinct, has become
common again. The balance of life has
begun to reassert itself and naturalists
will watch with curiosity for a com
plete reinstatement of the previous
fauna. The renewed depredations of
rats are hailed as an advent of salva
tion, and, odd as it may sound, the in
crease in numbers of the crocodile is
taken as a happy omen. The Jamai
cans are not likely to take further ex
periments in this -interesting domain
of natural history, but will adhere in
future to such present evils as they
have. For them, at any rate, it has
been no "imaginary mongoose." Acad
III temper is much more apparent
than the reasons for it
Rita's new novel is entitled, "Good
Mrs. Hypocrite," and deals with life in
Henry James' latest novel, "What
Maisie Knew," has just completed its
run In the Chap Book. The work will
at least stand as one of the notable new
contributions to the study of child life.
It will be issued in volume form.
. The American . Book Company has
Just published "Curtiss' Semi-Vertical
Copy Books," by C. C. Curtiss, the for
mer head of a commercial college in
Minneapolis and St. Paul. The new
system combines the advantages of
both the vertical and the slant writing,
and Is expected to commend itself to
teachers. - ,
A meeting was held In Liverpool the
other day to start a subscription for a
memorial to Mrs. Hemans. It is ex
pected that the memorial will take the
shape of a fund from which an annual
prize will be awarded in a lyrical com
petition. The successful poet will re
ceive a considerable sum if the commit
tee's expectations are fulfilled.
Hall Caine's new romance, "The
Christian," is described as a drama of
frail human nature aspiring to perfec
tion and struggling to attain the high
est ideal. The story opens in the Isle
of Man, but the action takes place for
the most part in London. The romance
Is said to throb with life, and the emo
tional force of these pictures of aspira
tion, temptation, love and tragedy
"reaches a , height which will make a
lasting impression upon the literature
of our time." "
One Is glad to hear that Mr. Ruskln is
in good health, and that he takes daily
walks in the neighborhood of Caning-
ton. The addressefe he delivered some
years ago at Oxford on landscape
painting are at length to be printed.
The reason given for their tardy publi
cation is that Mr. Ruskin has not until
recently- been satisfied -with the pro
gress made in the art of photogravure?
It being, of course, necessary to have
reproductions of those pictures to which
he referred. The volume will contain
eighteen large plates, including some
reproductions from Turner.
The Yankton, S. D., Gazette says:
South Dakotans will be pleased to learn
that our own Sam T. Clover, managing
editor of the Chicago Post, is about to
bring out a new book a story for boys
entitled "Paul Travers' Adventures."
The book will be published by Way &
Williams, Chicago, and' will be profuse
ly illustrated. It is a striking , and
unique production, displaying Mi-.-Clo-ver's
genius at its best, and it is sure
to make a hit. Mr. Clover recently de
clined a consulate, which for the rest
and opportunity for literary work he
greatly desired to accept. His declina
tion was because of need of his services
on the Post.
An American Liord Chancellor.
It may not be generally known that
one of England's lord chancellors was
born on American soil. His name was
John Singleton .Copely, and he was
born in Boston May 21, 1772. He was
the son of J. S. Copley. R. A., the por
trait and historical painter, who was a
resident of America during the war of
Independence, and who, at its conclu
sion, elected to remain a British sub
ject. When the future chancellor was
3 years of age his parents went to Lon
don, and resided at 25 George street,
Hanover square. As a barrister the
son joined the Midland circuit. He en
tered Parliament In ISIS a sinember for
Yarmouth,' and in 1819, as Sir John
Copley, became solicitor general; In
1824, attorney general, and in 182(5,
master of the rolls. In 1827 he became
lord chancellor, and was raised to the
peerage as Baron Lyndhurst He was
lord chancellor in two administrations,
and held the great seal until the fall of
the Peel government in 1846.
. How to Wash Flannels.
Flannels require care in their wash
ing to prevent their shrinking and keep
them soft. Make a strong suds of some
pure white soap and water as hot as
the hand can bear it, put in the flan
nels, and let them lie twenty minutes.
A flannel should not be rubbed, but
drawn through the hands Until it seems
perfectly clean. Prepare another tub
of water, not using quite as much soap,
and when the flannels are taken from
the first water, drop them into the sec
ond'water, press through that and put
them Into a warm water, slightly blued.
Carefully wring the flannels out of the
last water, shake thein well and dry as
quickly as possible, taking care not to
hang them where they will freeze when
drying. When sufficiently dry, iron the
flannels and hang them unfolded until
well aired. Flannels should not be
rolled up when dry and laid oue side
to be ironed later.
The World's Newspapers.
A statistician has learned that tne
annual aggregate of the circulation of
the papers of the wor!3 is r-sriniate-1 at
12,000,000,000 copies. To grasp the idea
of this magnitude it is stated that the
amount of the paper would cover no
fewer than 10,450 square miles of sur
face, and it is printed on 781,250 tons of
paper. ' We might press and pile them
vertically upward and gradually reach
our highest mountains. Topping all
these and even the highest Alps the
pile would reach the magnificent alti
tude of 490, or, in round numlier Bf0
miles. Calculating that the avenge
man spends five minutes reading his
paper in the day (this is a very low es
timate) we find that the people of tu.
world altogether annually occupy time
equivalent to 100,000 years reading the
lire Tares of fficc.i
Weary Watkins "They kin all run
for office that wants it, but none of it
fer me. I've been there. The responsi
bility broke down ine nerves."
Hungry Higgins "What office did
you ever hold?" " . ,
"I wuz deg catcher." Indianapolis
Why don't turnips and beets ever dis
agree with' people? No one.'likes tur
nips and beets, anyway.
A FREE EXPOSITION.
Manufacturers' Fair to Be Held in Port
land September 22 to October 2.
The exposition to be held at Port
land this fall will be along new lines,
. differing entirely from any fair ever
held in that city. This year the man
ufacturers of Oregon will show the
people what is made in the state, and
with that end in view the exhibits will
consist wholly of manufactured goods
made in Oregon. Another new feature
this year will be that no admission will
be charged. From all sides, we hear
the report that the fair will be the molt
interesting and instructive exhibition
ever held in the state. One wing of the
large exposition bnilding will be de
voted exclusively to live exhibits, and a
great many articles will be made right
there in the building.
The fair is bound to be a grand suc
cess, as already the entire space of the
two main floors is taken up by exhib
itors, and we understand the manufac
turers have the money on band to pay
There is no good reason why Oregon
should not be more of a manufacturing
state than she is, and if the people will
call for goods made at home, instead of
using goods of Eastern manufacture,
home pay-rolls will increase in a won
derful way, making work and happy
homes for all. We sincerely believe the
fair will do more to enthuse the people
than anything else that could be done
in creating a demand for home prod
ucts, and showing the necessity of
patronizing home manufacturers. The
Manufacturers Association of the North
west, under whose auspices the fair
will be held, deserves " great credit for
the work it is doing.
' The fair will be open from Septem
ber 22 to October 2, and all railroads
have made a reduced rate .of one and
one-fifth fare for the round trip.
A Simple Pire Extinguisher.
One of the most useful things for the
extinction of incipient fires is the hand
grenade. This can be made at home
easily and cheaply. Twenty pounds of
common salt and ten pounds of sal am
moniac (nitrate of ammonia, to be had
of any druggist) should be dissolved in
seven gallons of water. Quart bottles
of thin glass, such as ordinarily used
by druggists, should be filled with the
concoction, corked tightly and sealed to
prevent evaporation. - In oase of fire,
the bottle should be thrown so as to
break in or near the flame. If the fire
is in such a place as to prevent the bot
tle from breaking, as in wool or cotton,
the neck of the bottle should be knocked
off and the contents scattered. The
breaking of the bottle liberates a certain
amount of gas, and the heat ot the fire
generates more, thus working its own
destruction. .' .
Cost of Tunneling.
About SO years ago the Mont . Cenis
tunnel, nearly eight miles long, was
constructed at the rate of one kilometer
per year, and each kilometer cost $1,
200,000. Nearly ten years ater the St.
Gotthard tunnel, nine and one-fourth
miles long, was constructed at the rate
of two kilometers a year, and cost $800,
000 per kilometer. The Simplon tun
nel, which when conmpleted will be
the third to perforate the Alps, is to be
12J miles long, will advance four kil
ometers a year and cost but $600,000
The normal temperature of man is
about 98" degrees, of the snail, 70;
oyster, 82; porpoise, 100; ratycat and
ox, 102; 'sheep, 104; hog, 105; chicken,
There are more Greeks in Turkey
than there are in Greece. -. Turkey in
Europe contains 3,500,000 Greeks;
Greece, 2,200,000, and Asia Minor 2,
000,000. A new speaking tube for steamers has
the pipe insulated by a waterproof tex
tile covering .which makes it easy to
hear speech in the engine room from a
distance of 300 feet.
One of the most curious results of the
investigations made, by doctors in the
Russian jails is the statement that each
group of criminals has its own peculiar
color of the eye.
Detectives detailed to look after pro
fessional shoplifters always look to see
if their suspects are wearing gloves.' A
"professional" it is declared, never
works with his gloves on.
The longest distance that a shot has
been fired is a few yards more than 15
miles, which "was the range of Krupp's
130-toi steel gun, firing a shot weigh
ing 2,600 pounds.'
A German statistician says that of
every 10,000 chimneys, three are struck
by lightning, while of the same number
of towers and windmills, 60 and 80 re
spectively are struck. v
And consider that in addressing Mrs.
Pinkham you are confiding your private
ills to a woman a woman whose ex
perience in treating woman's diseases
is greater than that of any living phy
sician, male or female.
You can talk freely to a woman when
it is revolting to relate your private
troubles to a man; besides, a man does
not understand, simply because he is a
MES. PINKHAM'S STANDING
Women suffering from any form of
female weakness are invited to promptly
communicate with Mrs. Pinkham, at
Lynn, Mass. All letters are re
ceived, opened, read, and answered by
women only. A woman can freely
talk of her private illness to a woman.
Thus has been established the eternal
confidence between Mrs. Pinkham and
the women of America which has never
been broken. Out of the vast volume
of experience which she has to draw
from, it is more than possible that she
has gained the very" knowledge that
will help your case. She asks nothing
in return except your good will, and
her advice has relieved thousands.
Surely any woman, rich or poor, is very
foolish if she does not take advantage
of this generous offer of assistance.
nlmfjt WMFRF ail fISf Fills.
i;ouga Djrup. uooo.
BOUGHT A WIFE.
She Consented on Consideration of a
$ 10,000 Policy.
In 1893 Mrs. Anna B. Zimmerman
was a widow, living at Hutch tnson,
Kan. She was charming, as all good-
looking widows are, and she was wise,
as all Kansas women are. Judge Al-
merin Gillett, of Kansas City, Kan.,
who, by the way, was the fir3t Rail
road Commissioner of Kansas, met the
widow, loved her, and wooed her. It
seems that the Judge knew how to woo
a widow, for he won her. But the
widow knew a thing or two herself,
and when she said "yes" It was not au
unqualified drop-in-the-arms 'yes," but
a conditional "yes."
The condition was that tbe Judge
should insure his life in her favor for
$10,000. The widow did not Intend to
take any chances in the matter either.
If she was to become Mrs. Gillelt the
policy must be taken out before the
marriage, so that she would be sure
about it. Judge Gillett hunted up an
Insurance agent and took out the oof-
icy, and three days later the widow
Zimmerman became Mrs. Gillett. She
took charge of the policy and that pol
icy was kept paid up.
Last year Judge Gillett died insolv
ent. One of his creditors was the
American National Bank of , .Kansas
City. The bank' sued the estate and
promptly sought an injunction against
the Northwestern Life Insurance Com
pany to prevent the payment of the in
surance policy which had bought
Judge Gillett a wife. The ca3e was
heard before Tudge Foster recently.
The Widow Gillett took the stand and
told the story of her business venture
when she was the Widow Zimmerman.
She said she had married Judge Gillett
for the consideration of a S '.0,000' in
surance policy, and she told how the
policy had been written before the
marriage, so that there might not be
ttie .proverbial slip. ' . i
Judge Foster listened to the evidence,
and as it appeared that had it not
born for the policy, the name of Zim
merman would not have been exchang
ed for that of Gillett, he decided that
i be money called for by the policy was
nover the property of Judge Giliett;
thai he paid that In advance for a wife
in point of fact, and he tloc'.dod m fa
vor of Mrs. Gillett. The insurance
company promptly paid over the money
to Judge Horton, Mrs. Gillotc s attor
neyKansas City Times.
"This is an outrage!" The druggist
strode angrily up and down behind
his counter, and as he gradually work
ed himself into a rage he ran his long,
thin fingers through his hair and storm
ed and fumed like a wild animal.
"What's the matter?" inquired the
man from next door, who ran in to
learn the cause of the disturbance.
-. "Matter enough," cried the druggist,
offering his neighbor a 10-cent cigar
which cost 52.50 a hundred at whole
sale. "The confounded authorities
came around here this morning and put
a water meter down in the cellar. Just
as if a man with a store wasn't under
enough expense in these hard times,
I'm glad you came In, for I want soma
advice as to what I'd better do. I was
thinking of either writing a hopping
letter to the newspapers or else go
ing down to the Water Department
and laying them out cold, or If both
these failed of the desired result I
thought I would hunt up a lawyer and
make a test case of it."
"Take my. advice and do none of
these things," cautioned his neighbor,
"They will merely put you to more
trouble and expense and do you no
good." , .
"But what am I to do?" queried the
"Grin and bear it," returned his
friend. "A man making as much
money as you should be able to stand
a water bill.' What does It amount to,
" 'About $20 a year,' the inspector
said," replied the druggist.
"Well, if you. don't feel like paying
It the best thing for you to do is to tell
them to shut you off."
"Cut off the water!" almost shrieked
the druggist. 'Vhy, man, you must
be crazy. Do you know what that
water is worth to me in my prescrip
tion department? Not a cent less than
$25 a day!"
The Teacher's Predicament.
There were three morning glories on
the-teacher'a. jesfc a pink, a white,
and a purple one tied together with a
jretty little cotton ribbon of 'the kind
used to fasten new handkerchiefs to
gether. The flowers were very fresh
and pretty, and the teacher smiled as
she looked from them to little Leon,
who stood near the desk. "Where did
you get them, Leon?" she asked," for
she knew that there was not so much
as a spear of grass in the yard of
Leon's house. "I climbed over a fence
and stole them for you, Miss Blank,
said Leon. "And when I had picked
them I knocked on the window to the
servant; girl and she gave me the rib
bon to tie them with." And what was
Miss Blank to say?
Compressed Air as a Cocktail.
For three, years hundreds . of
workmen have been living In
compressed air during ;the con
struction of - the Blackwell tun
nel, each carrying a hundredweight of
air to every square inch of tbe body,
while the people on the surface bear
but fifteen pounds to the square inch.
A feeling of exhilaration, amounting
almost to intoxication, is produced at
times. A cigar in this atmosphere
burns out with the rapidity of a cigar
ette. Kansas City Journal.
The Japanese in their out-of-the-way
mountain resorts indulge their passion
for bathing to an incredible extent. In
one place, where the water Is just
above blood-heat, a man will stay in
practically for a whole month, taking
care, however, to place a heavy stone
on his knees to keep him from floating
or turning over in his sleep. The care
taker of this particular establishment,
a cheery old man of some seventy sum
mers, himself stay? In the bath through
the whole winter.
Italy's exports for ..'.th Erst four
months of 1897 were 3$5,953.?70 francs,
while, her Imports werW 379,794,130
francs. - .This is the first tube in" twen
ty-six years that the exportsetceeded
the Imports. .. t -
A patent has been granted for furnace
doors of such construction that the
smoke of the furnace is disintegrated
and disseminated over the whole fire
surface, and those elements which are
ot value are consumed and utilized.
The advantages claimed for the inven
tion, says the St. Louis Globe-Democrat,
are: Superior efficiency by secur
ing the abolition of all coal smoke and
other noxious and poisonous products
caused through imperfect combustion;
great saving in fuel, as smaller and
cheaper coal may be used; the method
is cheap and can be easily applied; the
doors can be fitted to any type of fur
nace; the invention requires no altera
tion of furnaces already in use beyond
the removal of the existing doors and
the substitution of the patent furnace
door, which change can be effected in
five minutes while the boiler is still at
work. It is understood that the inven
tion has already been applied to mer
cantile, naval and marine boilers, as
well as to innumerable furnaces em
ployed in various metal, pottery, brick
and other works.
VENOM INHALED WITH THE AIR,
And imbibed with the water of a malar! ons
locality, has still a certain antidote. Experi
ene sanctions confidence in Hosteller's Stom
ach Bitters as a preventive of this scourge. All
over this continent and in the tropics it has
proved itself a certain means of defense, and an
eradicant of intermittent and remntent fevers,
and other forms of miasma-born disease. Nor
is it less effective for kidney troubles, consti
pation, rheumatism and nervousness.
Public story tellers still earn a good
livelihood in Japan. In Tokio six
hundred of them ply their trade, pro
vided with a email table, a fan and a
paper wrapper to illustrate and em
phasize the points of their tales.
AN OPEN LETTER TO MOTHERS.
We are asserting in the courts our right to the
exclusive use of the word " CASTOK1A," and
" PI TCHER'S CASTORIA," as our Trade Mark.
I, Dr. Samuel Pitcher, of Hyannis, Massachusetts,
was the originator of " PITCHER'S CASTORIA,"
the same that has borne and docs now bear the
fac simile signature of CHAS. H. FLETCHER on
every wrapper. This is the original " PITCHER'S
CASTORIA " whiclfehas been used in the homes
of the mothers of America for over thirty years.
Look Carefully at the wrapper and see that it is
the kind you have always bought, and has the
signature of CHAS. H. FLETCHER on the
wrapper. No one has authority from me to use
my name except The Centaur Company of which
Chas. H. Fletcher is President.
March 8, 1897. SAMUEL PITCHER, MJX
Leopard skins are used for rugs and
manufactured into trappings for the
officers and bandsmen of the British
cavalry regiments, as well as the aprons
of the drummers of the English infancy-
Piso's Cure for Consumption is the only
cough medicine used in mv house. D. C.
Albright, Miminburg, Pa., t)ec. 11, '95.
The highest waterfall in the 'world is
Cholock cascade, at Yosemite,' Cal.,
which is 2,634 feet high, or just half a
A large Dussand microphonograph,
now being constrncted for. the Paris ex
hibition of 1900, is expected to make
the voice heard by 10,000 people.
DEAFNESS CANNOT BE CURED
by local applications, as they cannot reach the
diseased portion ot the ear. There is onlv one
way to oure deafness, -and that is bv constitu
tional remedies. Deafness is caused by an in
flamed condition of the mucous lining pf the
Eustachian tube. When this tube gets inflam
ed you have a rumbling sound or imperfect
hearing, and when it is entirely closed deafness
is the result, and unless the inflammation can be
taken out and this tube restored to its normal
condition, hearing will be destroyed forever;
nine cases out of ten are caused by catarrh.
wnicn is notning Dut an lnnameo condition 01
the mucous surfaces. - f
We will give One Hundred Dollars for any I
case of deafness (caused by catarrh) that cannot
be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send for cir-
F. J.- CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
Sold by druggists, 76c.
Hall's Family Fills are the best.
Strictly a Cattle Disease.
Rinderpest being a cattle disease,
Dr. Koch has fonnd out that it does not
hens, pigeons, guinea fowlsa crane,
an eagle and a secretary bird with the
bacillus of the disease, but it did not
effect them. He was equally unsuccesa
ful with dogs, mice, rabbits and guinea I
pigs, but is not sure that the disease '
may not beconveyed to cattle by any
of these animals.
i24 actual horsepower)
Price, only $185.
THE TRIUMPH OF LOVE I
Happfand Fruitful Marriage.
Every MAN who would know the CRAND
1 R u x n 9, me riam
Facts, the Old Secrets and
the New Discoveries of
Medical Science aa applied
to Married Life, who
would atone for past fol
lies and avoid future pit
falls, should write for our
wonderful little book,
called "Complete Man
hood and How to Attain
o anv earnest man we will mail one conv
Entirely Free, in plain sealed cover.
ERIE MEDICAL CO..
65 NIAGARA 5T.
BUFFALO. N. V.
BASE BALL GOODS WUIS-
We sarry the most complete Hue of Gymnasium
ana Atniecic boons on tne coast.
SUITS 0 UNIFOHMS MADE TO ORDER.
Send lor Our Athletic Catalogue.
WILL & FINCK CO.,
818-8S0 Market St.. San Francisco, Cal.
rum can be saved with
out: their knowledge by
ANTI JAG. the mairelous
cure for the drink habit.
All druggists, or write
Raaova ChaoUaal Ca,. 69 Broadway, x.w lark lit..
FULL INrOHMATION GLADLY MAILED FREE.
We can afford to say:
"Get every sort of Schil
ling's Best tea of your
grocer, and get your money
back on what you don't
Your tea-trade for the
rest of your life is worth the
risk and besides, there is
A Schilling & Company
San b rancisco
At the last census of this country a
number of people described .their relig
ious' faith on their census papers as
"dollars and cents." -
Portland, Oregon . .
A. P. Armstrong, ix.b., Prin. J. A. Wesco, Sec'y
THE BUSY WORLD OF BUSINESS
fire profitable employment to handred or oar gradumteo, 4
wilt to thouiandt more. Send for onr eatalof ne.
Learn what aud how we teach. Verily,
A BUSINESS EDUCATION PAYS
llllLllulll ness. musical.
art, theological and preparatory courses. State
diplomas ror normal course. Twenty -eight in
structors, 3'J7 students. ' Location "beautiful,
sightly, in the suburbs, with all the advantage
of a preat city and none of its disadvantages.
Free from saloons and immoral places. Board
ing halls connected with school. Government
mild but firm, fawners for year from S100 to
$200. School opens September 21, 1897.. Cata
logue sent free. Address,
TMos. Van Scoy, D. t.. University Park, Or.
ALBANY COLLEGE tiZ:
High grade, classical and academic training.
The conflng year will record some new features:
1 A regular business college, under the leader
ship of a regular business college man. 2 Ele
mentary and advanced German taught by an
American-born and American-educated Ger
man. 3 Military tactics, involving the regu
lations of a first-class military school in dress,
habits and drill. Opens Sept. IS. Send for cat
alogue. Wallace Howe Lee, paasident.
DO YOU WANT
Get them at headquarters. I carry by far the
largest assortment on the coast. Remember
the best is always the cheapest. Send for cat
alogue. K. .F. BOWKN,
201 and 203 First St., Portland, Or.
Women have a weakness that can be cured
by Dr. Sanden's Electric Belt. There are too
many weak, broken-down mothers, wives
and sisters wrecked in constitution through
the sluggish, weak action of the organs.
For this weakness the usual tonics have
proved of only temporary assistance, and
nothing but new vitality can resto'e the
weakened functions to their normal health.
DR. A. T. SANDEN Dear Sir: 1 have worn
your belt reguleriy, and it has done me a great
deal of good. My bowels hare moved more
regularly, the dull, tired feeling has disap
peared, and my general health has improved.
My back has not troubled me any since wear
ing the belt, my kidneys are a great deal better,
and my nerves have also greatly improved. 1
cannot say enough for vour wonderful belt.
MRS. J. M. GRIFFIN,
Bourne, Baker County, Or.
The warming, toning power from Dr. San
den's Electric Belt adds new life to women. It
daily increases the healthy vital force. It cures
weak women as it cures weak men, by renew
ing the wested strength. Get the little book
that tells about it, free. Or call and consult
the regular physician of 30 years' experience,
who is in charge.
SANDEN ELECTRIC BELT CO.
853 West Washington St., Portland, Or.
Please mention this Paper.
N. P. N. V.
No. SB, '97.
HEX writing to advertisers, plM
mention tuia paper.
Power that will save jou money and
make you money. Hercules Engines
are the cheapest power known. Burn
Gasoline or Distillate Oil; no smoke,
fire, or dirt For pumping, running
dairy or farm machinery, they have no
equal. Automatic in action, perfectly
safe and reliable. ,
Send for illustrated catalog.
Bay St, San Francisco, Cal.
HEAD coniDlete. in from 17 minntes to twn.
hours by ASLO0OM'8 TAPE WORM
SPECIFIC," requiring no previous or af
ter treatment, such as fasting, starving,
dieting, and the taking of nauseous and
poisonous drugs, causing no pain, sickness,
discomfort or bad after effects. No loss ot
time, meals or detention from business.
This remedy has NEVER failed. CURE
GUARANTEED. Over 6,000 cases suc
cessfully treated since 1883. Write tor frea
information and question blank. Address
SLOCDM SPECIFIC CO.,
Auditorium bid. Spokane, Wash.
Make money by suo
cessiul speculation In
Chicago. We buv and
sell wheat there oh mar-
Kins, roriunes nave oeen made on a small
beginning by trading in futures. Write for
full particulars. Best of reference given. Sev
eral years' experience on the Chicago Board of
Trade, and a thorough knowledge of the busi
ness. Downing, Hopkins k Co., Chicago Board
Spokane and Seattle, Waah.
rw CHILDREN TEETHING. "''""'I
Mas. Wntaxow's SoorHnrs Srmrr should always be
w used for ohiidrvn teething. It soothes the child, soft. 4
p eus the gums, allays all pain, cures wind coUc.and la i
nUc.and la 4
rm cenu a i
m ."v ne remwT ror aiarraGBB innnnn
' , i . i - . i .,,
TrPTITRR anA PILES cured; no par on
L til enred; send for book. bits. Mamsfiels
! Fobtkkfisxd, 338 Market St., Baa Franoiaoo,