OOVfi THK MOHNINQ FIELD ON THI tOWI COLUMBIA; UOLIHItPULL AttOOIATIO RIPOftT PRICE FIVE CENTS VOLUME LXI NO. 135 ASTORIA. OREGON, SATURDAY. MAY 5, 1906 STANDABD OIL RIDICULE THE T II. II. Rogers and John D. Archibald Talk. ALL CHARGES DENIED Standard Oil Magnates State They Have Adhered to Law." NO PROFIT IN SECRET RATES Official of tb Standard Oil Deny that Company Evtr Profited by "Stent and Unlawful" might RaUa. NKv: YORK, May 4-In Mate ment tonight II. II. Roger ani John I). Archibald of the Standard Oil Company ridicule the repot t of Mtmiiionet Garfield and the wrung of the Presl dent. Tliry deny tliitt the company ha nut adhered strictly to the law or that It has tnken mi mifnir advantage of it's rvnU in the business, but admit freely they have taken every advantage of the freight rates mid mute possible with in the law. and that pipe line have been established by the Standard In th fac of vio'ent oppoiition by the railroad and they are not in collusion with the railroad an claimed in the Garfield re port. Various atatenient in the com missioner's report are Utken up and analysed by th gentlemen, who ap parently huw eonllictions and disercp encics in the document. It i denied that the Standard profited by "8orP and "Unlawful" freight rates and con clude "The Standard Oil Company ban been investigated over and over again at the instigation of if rival and it always wcleotnea such investigations, when conilueted in good faith and fair ly. We are engaged in a large and hon orable business. We are conducting It honorably and we sincerely believe in coin'oimity with the lawa." PROPERTY LOSS HEAVY. OAKLAND, May 4. fiovernor Pardee bns received n dispatch fmm Santa Bonn staling that the property Iom cused by the recent earthquake will amount to $:j,ooo.O(0, It will cost at leant $150, 000 to dear away the wreckage HUNT MESSIAH CLAD ONLY IN THEIR COMPLEXION. IlKM.lXdllAM. May 4. A Herald special from Vancouver, B. C, sny that hundreds of Doukhoborn are inarching from t heir settlements Northwest in n jierfcctly nude condition, nud necking the Messiah, one of the periodical wave of religious monomania having swept the community. The ; North went mounted police are making de termined effort to have them return to their homos. The suf fering of the women and chil dren in the cold night air Is intense, REPOR NAVAL BILL AGAIN. Home Conildtri Naval Appropriation Bill and Hears Speeches, WASHINGTON, May 4.-Tb House HjM-rit another day In the consideration of the inval appropriation bill, th ccche in a large measure being in support of th bill. Urn ton of Ohio de livered a scholarly address against what be termed the needle enlargement of I lie uav j . contending that the American nation could well afford to s.'rv notlc upon other nation-, that it stood for in Intuitional arhllMOon and the pear of the world. ltutler of Pennsylvania and Cs older of New York, supported the bill, both agreeing that th measure had les lo criticise In It than any bill reperUd from the naval affairs committee of the house in years. The feature of today's session wiis the ciose nt tent ion paid by the house to the reading of the Presi dent's message on oil transportation and the generous applause which was Hconlcd on it's conclusion, The House will continue the consideration of th naval bill tomorrow. REVOLUTION 111 Report That Uprising Has Started in Cuba. THE RUMOR IS LATER DENIED Statement Circulated That Revolution ary Named Leal Ha Started Up rising in Santiago Story ia Regarded as Improbable. HAVANA, May 4. The Associated Press is in a position to state that there ia absolutely no foundation in fact to the atatement that there are revolution ary movements In th eastern end of Cuba or elsewhere in this Republic There ia complete political quiet. A dispatch from Santiago aaya there is no truth in the story that Leal Is at the head of a revolutionary movement. Alarming Reports. JACKSONVILLE, May 4.-The fol lowing was received from the Times t'nion Correspondent at Key West: "Alarming reports nro In circulation hero of a revolution in the eastern end of Cuba, under the leadership of Modsto I,enl. the recent agitator of the cigar strike 'nst November. Th pilots were oiderod lo intercept all American war ships last night and tell them to report at Key Went. The government wire less station was working all night to gel in touch with the ships in the vicin ity and succeeded In catching the cruiser Columbia today. The Cuban consul has wired Havana for the truth concerning the revolution, but 1ms re ceived no answer to the inquiry what ever. It is said Leal had a big strike at Santiago involving 8000 men. . It is reported here Hint President Palma has sought safety at Moro Castle." Rumors Unverified. JACKSONVILLE, May 4. Rumors of the revolution Wk verification and it is believed there is no truth in them; Nothing corroborates any of the re ports. The interception of the Colum bia was merely to deliver ordors for tho cruiser to proceed to Hampton Roads. An investigation fails to trace tho source of the rumor. Palma Elected President. HAVANA. May 4. The Cuban con gress has canvassed the election returns And proclaimed Towns Estrada Palma and Mcndez, President, and Vice-President, respectively. POWERFUL CORPORATION TO BE PROSECUTED FOR CRIMES 1 President Roosevelt in Message (o Congress on Car field's Report Says Department of Justice Will Institute Immediate Action. I HHENSE PROFITS THROUGH UNLAWFUL METHODS REPORT OF COMMISSIONER GARF IELD TO PRESIDENT DELINIATES UNFAIR C0MPETETIVE MET HODS EMPLOYED BY STAND ARD AND UNJUST AND D ISCRIMINATORY SATES ALLOWED BY RAI LROAD COMPANIES. WASHINGTON. I. C, May 4. President Roosevelt today transmit ted to Congress the report of James K. Garfield, commissioner of corporations, giving the results of his investigation of the subject of transportation and freight grates in connection with the oil in dustry. Report Most Important. In bis message the President express ed the view that the report is of capital importance because of the effort now bring made to secure such enlargement of the power of the Interstate Com merce Commis-ion ns will confer upon tho commission power in some measure adequate to meet the clearly demon strated need of the situation. The facts set forth in the report, he declares, are for the most part not disputed. That the Standard Oil Company has benefitted enormously up almost to the prewent moment by secret rates, many of which were clearly unlawful, the President says the r.port clearly shows, the benefit thereby secured amounted to at least three quarters of a million a year. On thi subject he says Public Bears Burden. This three quarters of a million rep resents the profit that the Standard Oil Company obtains at the expense of the railroads, but of course the ultimate re sult is that it obtains a much larger profit at the expense of the public. A very striking result of the investigation has been thnt shortly after the discovery of these secret rates by the commis sioner of corporations, the major part of them were promptly corrected by the railroad so thnt most of them have now been done nwny with. This imme diate correction, partial or complete, of the evil of the secret rates, is of course on the one hand an acknowledgement that they were wrong and yet were persevered, in until exposed, and on the other hand, ft proof of the efficiency of the work that bus been done by the bureau of corporations." Prosecutions Will Be Commenced. The statement is added that the Do pnrtmont of Justice will take up the question of instituting prosecutions in at least certain of the cases and the hope Is expressed that Congress will enact into law, the bill of Senator Knox to correct the interpretation of the im munity provision rendered in Judge Humphrey decision. Continuing, the President says: "Rut iu addition to these secret rates the Standard Oil profits immensely by open rates, which ave so arranged ns to give it an overwhelming advantage over its independent competitor. This is characteristic, example of the numerous evils which are inevitable under a system in which the big shippers and tho railroad are' left free to crush out all individual initiative and all power of Independent action because of the ab IN THE sence of adequate and thorough general governmental control. Exactly similar conditions obtain in a large part of the west nd southwest." Standard Grossly Favored. It i not possible, he said, to put .Into figures the exact amount by which the Standard profits through the gross favoritism tdtown it by the railways in connection with the open rates. "The profit of course comes not mere ly by the saving in the rate itself as compared with its competitors, but by the higher prices it is able to charge and by the complete control of the market which it secures, thereby getting the profit on the whole consumption." The President calls attention to that feature of the report regarding the man ner in which the law is evaded by treat ing as state commerce, what in reality is merely a part of interstate commerce. He says it is clearly shown, "that this device is employed on the New York Central Railroad, as well as on many othed railroads, in such fashion as to amount to thwarting the purpose of the law although the forms of the law may be complied with." Sugar Trust Favored. It is unfortunately not true, he says, .that the Standard Oil Company is the only corporation which has benefitted and is benefitting in wholly improper fashion by an elaborat series of rate discriminations. The sugar trusts, he adds, according to the results of the Investigation now in progress, rarely if ever, pays the lawful rate for transpor tation. He declares that in the effort to prevent the railroads from uniting for Improper purposes. "We have very unwisely prohibited them from uniting for proper purposes; that is, for pur pose of protecting themselves and the general public as against the power of the great corporations." He favors as an element of competi tion, putting alcohol used in the nits on the free list and of keeping the fee to oil and coal lands of the Indian tribes or on the public domain In the government, the lands to be leased only on such terms and for such periods ns will enable the government to entirely control them. Garfield's Report To The President In summarizing his report to Presi dent Roosevelt Commissioner Gar field speaks of his personal to the oil fields and of the visit great .mass of data obtained by him either personally or through agents of the Bureau' of Corporations. The prelimi nary study of thi was transportation, which enters so largely into the cost of tlx? finished product and hence a most iniMirtant factor in competition. Taking up the subject of the output of refined oil, Mr. Garfield finds that it amounts to about twenty-six million .barrels annually, of which tin- Standard Oil Company directly and indirectly controls about twenty-three million and approximately the same proportion of the other finished products of petroleum. Continuing, the report says Advantages Wrongly Obtained. The Standard claims that the location of its refineries and the use of pipe lines are natural advantage to which it is justly entitled by reason of the energy and foresight of it managers. While in a measure tjiat is true, it mufet not be forgotten that these advantages were in part obtained by means of unfair coinetitiv! method-, after years of fierce industrial strife. The development of the pipe line sys tem by the Standard Companywas the result of special agreements with rail road companies. Furthermore, those socalled natural advantages- have been and are being greatly increased by dis criminations in freight rates, both pub lished and secret, interstate and state, which give the Standard monopolistic control in the greater portion of the country and which so limit competition (Continued on page 8) CHARITY NOT ASP San Francisco Clearing Houst Dis courages Accepting Aid. ENOUGH MONEY IS IN SIGHT Adopts Report Saving Charity Not Needed in Rebuilding City Finan cial Help Wanted Only on Business Principles. SAN FRANCISCO, May 4 The clear ing house today received the report of it's executive committee, which was adopted. A portion reads as follows: "The committee feels that the best in terests, as such, do not need charity to aid them in rebuilding the city. With $150,000,000 or more to be received from the insurance companies, and the banks .strong and in a solvent condition, boun tiful harvests promised in the State and the freneral underlying business sound, 1 ... 1 any other financial help should be look ed for only on strictly business prin ciples. In other words since the insur ance indemnity will largely replace the destroyed buildings as well as stocks of merchandise and our banks are able to meet the general commercial re quirements, individuals or institutions, who may come to find it necessary or expedient to apply to outside sources for lonns should do so on the usual basis of good security. We cannot rebuild in a dav. We shall shortly have move money than ftin be immediately used, so it seems premature to assume that our resources will prove inadequate and especially that the occasion demands the introduction of undermethods of finance, which may be found illegal or otherwise impracticable." CONFIDENCE IS STRONG. SAN FRANCISCO, May 4.-The local syndicate which own the Lick House site on Montgomery street, between Post and Sutter, have been offered $750,000 more than they paid for the lot and hotel building about two years ago and have declined to sell. This otTci is a strong indication of the strength of down town realty values and shows that owners of property down town have every confidence in the early rehabilitation of San Francisco. TOILS MANY CARRIED ; FROM CITY Southern Pacific Takes 300,000 Refugees. - MOST WILL RETURN San Francisco Will Not Lose Per manently By Great Exodus. VERY FEW LEAVE THE STATE Official Figures Show But 7684 Refugees Have Gone to Other States Free Transportation Value is $45&oo. I CHICAGO, May 4. According to th official figures of the Southern Pacific, during the exodus from San Francisco it carried 300,000 free passengers, in th nine days from April 18th. Of ties &,00Q were carried to interior Cali fornia points; 7684 to other states, and 226,000 to suburban points around San Francisco bay. The value of the free transportations amounted to $456,000. The figures on the free transportation from Santa Rosa, Vallejo, Sacramento, Stockton, and other points, are not yet compiled. The inbound local train has carried many people back to the city in the last few days and a vast number will return soon. During the nine days, 185,000 have paid their way out of the city. Of this number 50,000 went fur thed than the adjoining counties and most of these were traveling on regu lar business. The railroad officials judge San Francisco has lost permanently only a very slight percentage of her popula tion. Thousands Are Fed. SAN FRANCISCO, May 4. General Greely reported to the citizens' finance committee that 200,000 rations were is sued yesterday. It is thought however this number is excessive and another count will be made. The reported sup plies on hand are: One million rations of flour converted into bread today; sugar, 930,000 rations; eoffVe, 600,000; rice, 800,000; potatoes, 1,400,000; beans 500,000. This amount of food will be gone in ten days unless there is a de crease in the number of persons in need of relief. CITY OFFICIALS TAKING CHARGE OF AFFAIRS. SAN FRANCISCO, May 4. With the increasing number of daily dismissals of it's sub committees, the general munici pal committee will doubtless pass from existence, and the direction of the affairs of the city will be restored to the regu lar constituted officials, only the committee on reconstruction and the finance committee being per petuated. The State militia is being gradually withdrawn and regular soldiers not engaged in assisting in the relief work are doing simple patrol duty.