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About The morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1899-1930 | View Entire Issue (March 20, 1904)
THE MORNING ASTORIAN, SUNDAY MARCH 20, 1901.
Established 1873. x i -r
DAILY EXCEPT MONDAY. ;
: ": .;; i RATES.
if mail, per year . , ,
Bj mail, per month
Bjr carriers, per month
TUB SEMl-YEEKLY ASTOUIAX.
fry u ail, tr year, iu adrance
ASTORIAN PUBLISHING COMPANY.
- k A CANADA MERGER.
It is announced that the managers of the North'
era Securities ? Company applied for and obtained
a Canadian charter immediately after Governor Van
Sant began the Minnesota suit against the merger
in 1902, says the Call. It is stated that this Cana
dian charter covers operations in Canada and the
United States. - , ,
The supreme court, in passing upon the consti
tutionality of the inter-state commerce law, decided
thatcongress had the power to control interstate
commerce by such a law. The constitution says
"The congress shall have power to regulate commerce
with foreign nations between the states and with
the Indian tribes."
"When the interstate commerce law was before con--gress
it was objected to as an improper and excessive
exercise of this power, inasmuch as it proposed that
congress should provide for the fixing or regulation
of rates for transportation. Senator Bayard made a
very able argument against the bill on that ground,
.claiming that regulation did not mean interference
with rates. He used the impossibility of regulating
international rates of transportation as proof that
such power did not reside in congress, because the
regulation must relate to the same things in all the
particulars of interstate, international and tribunal
" It was believed that his argument was a correct
statement of constitutional principles, but the su
preme court swept it away by including transporta
tion among the incidents of commerce, and the most
important of them all, and by challenging the oppon
ents of the law to file a bill of the particulars in
which congress could act in regulate commerce if
transportation were left out. )
With no power over transportation commerce is
left at the mercy of corporations engaged in that
business. They could so arrange rates so as to en
tirely prohibit any feature of interstate commerce.
It would be at once admitted that the government
would have power to interfere in such a case, and
its inference must be directed to removal of the ob
struction. As thisv obstruction would be found in
the rate of transportation its removal, of necessity,
, must be in the form of regulating rates. So the sen
ator's view of the law evaporated in the application
of the power of congress to protect and regulate
commerce between the states.
These principles are applied by the court in the
merger decision. This application need not wait for
an overt act, but jis aimed at the power to commit
such an act. The existence of such a power is an
inchoate offense, which the courts will prevent by de
stroying the power to commit it.
The court having invalidated the American char
ter, because it implies power to do something in vio
lation of the law, will now be presented with a very
interesting phase of the question if an attempt be
made to use the prohibited power under a foreign
charter. The Canadian incorporation has been se
cured seemingly with the idea' that operation under
it can not be reached by an American court
In our view this is a vain theory. The municipal
law of the United States has exclusive jurisdiction
here. Any act that it forbids is legally preventable.
To assume that an act when forbidden by law when
done under an American charter can not be forbid
den when sheltered by a foreign charter is to assume
that the constitution itself can be set aside by such
charter. This is equivalent to saying that our whole
system of government is destructible by such process.
If foreign municipal law takes precedence over our
our own on our own soil our government is without
vigor or authority. -
1 How the issue may arise can not be forseen. It
may have to wait for an overt act referring to the
foreign charter as its authority, or the roads merged
by such charter may be denied the right of joint op
eration under it, and by the proper writ be compelled
to replace their stock in the, possession of individual
stockholders who can be forbidden to exchange them
for the certificates of the foreign corporation, which
may be outlawed as evidences of the ownership of the
property. But however the issue may appear, it is
plain that American municipal law will remain the
supreme law of the land and incapable of substitution
by any extraterritorial authority whatever.
Of course Messrs. Hill and Morgan dislike to sur
render a power which they grasped at such great
cost. , It is not ."forgot ten that the Northern Pacific
and the Burlington stocks were secured by them 4 at
enormous prices, which they hud to pay to secure
majority control of the two roads necessary to make
the merger and to make it effective. They were ad
vised by the ablest lowers' in the country that an
attaek would only come from the state courts, anml
when Governor Van Sant ordered the attorney-general
of the state of Minnesota to begin an action in
the courts of that state they saw an easy victory,
and it came. But when President Roosevelt ordered
an action in the federal courts they faced a more
difficult proposition. The people may bo assured now
that the resources of federal la ware not exhausted
and will be found quite equal to any difficulty that
is preseuted by the Canadian charter.
OUR NATIONAL IMPORTANCE.
We hazard nothing in saying tha not only the
most important events of the past two hundred years
but one of the most important events of all time was
the advent of the United States of America into the
family of nations, says John Basset Moore in the
March Harper's. Its profound significance was not'
then unfelt, but in the nature'of things its far-reaching
effects could not be forseen. Even now, as we
survey the momentous changes of the last few years,
we seem to stand only on the threshold of American
history, as if its domain were in the future rather
than in the past
But the splendor of the hour, while it illuminates
the presentdarkens by its light what lies beyond
the immediate range of vision. The power which
we hold today is no sudden and isolated possession.
Its foundations were laid in tho ork of the orig
inal builders; and if we could understand tho great
ness of the present we must recur to what has gone
Many nations have come and gone and have left
little impress upon the life of humanity. The decla
ration of American independence, however, bore up
on its face the marks" of distinction, and presaged
the development of a theory .and a policy which must
be worked out in opposition to the Ideas that then
dominated the civilized world,. Of this theory and
Dolicv the kevnote was freedom: freedom nf the in.
dividual, in order that h4 might work out his destiny
in his own way; freedom in goverment, in order that
the human faculties might have free course: free
dom in commerce, in order that the resources of the
earth, might be developed and rendered fruitful in
the increase of human wealth, contentment, and hap
piness. - '
A bank is alxnit to lie organizen in this city to be
known as the McKinley National Bank, says the New
York Commercial. It is a curious fact that out of
the several dozen national banks in New Yark only
two have, hitherto been named after former presi
dents of the country the Lincoln and the Garfield.
We have one national bank after Gallatin and one
after Chase, and we have a state bank after Hamil
ton and three after former secretaries of the treas
ury; but we have none of either kind after Wash
ington, Madison, Monroe, Jackson, Van Buren a
thorough New Yorker Grant, or any other former
president. There is a state bank named after Jef
ferson and a savings bank and a trust company
named after Washington, but with the exceptions
noted, most of the men who loom large in the history
of the republic and, for that matter, in the history
of the state and of the city have been ignored
in the christening of our banking institutions. It is
interesting to note that the three presidents after
whom local national banks have been named were as
sassinated while jn office.
The fishermen of the Columbia river ought to
congratulate themselves at having so efficient a man
ager as Mr. H. M. Lorntsen, secretary of their union.
For many years Mr. Lorntsen has looked after their
interests with rare zeal, and more than any other
individual, perhaps, has advanced the cause of the
fishermen's association. He is a labor leader who
is not only true blue to his organization, but as well
one who enjoys the confidence of employers. Such
men are seldom found at the head of labor organi
zations, and the fishermen of this city are indeed
Having been assured of $700,000 for the Lewis and
Clark fair, it is now up to the exceptionally moral
people of Portland to drive the gamblers into the
creek which trickles past the Oregon metropolis. ',
We'll be glad when the civil war is over.
Welcome at Sunshine
after a Ion storm ii a feeling of relief
when an obstinate, pitiless cold bat
been driven away by Allen's Lung
Balsam. Only people who have been .
cured of throat-ache and sore lungs by
this remedy can quite realize what the
feelings. There Is no opium In the
Balsam; its good effect is rallcal and
lasting. Take a bottle home today.
v Car Shops Burn, i '
Albuquerque, K. M, March The
car department of the Bantu Fe rail
road ahci's here has been destroyed by
(W, The bus cannot lie estimated at
this time. One hundred nun are
thrown out of employment as a con.
sequence of the fire,
- V ' ;
y Fever Closes Sohools.
Chicago. March 19. Owing to an
epidemic of Svarlet fever now prevail.
ng at IVlaven. Wis,, the local health
authorttl'S have closed the city
schools. The howling of church ser
vices, Sunday schools, or any public
gatherings are prohibited until the
Don't mlxtake- the caue of back
ache. To be cured ydu must know tie
It Is wrong to imagine relief is cure.
Itnckache Is kidney ache.
You must cure the kidneys.
A Portland woman tells you how this
can be done.
Nrs. J. d. Kennedy, who resides at
bo dorhett utrcet, Portland, eay; MI
have len mulcted with kidney trouble
for thirty years and for the past twenty
years I have never been entirely free
from It In eome form or other. I suf
fered terribly from backache and could
hardly stoop over and get up again.
Trouble from the kidney secretions ex
isted. At times I was greatly bloated,
my feet swelled to twice their natural
else and I was seldom without a plas.
ter on my buck to ease the pain. I
doctored a great deal and used mors
medicines than any one peron could
t arry, I had read to much about Doen's
Kidney I'llls that I concluded to give
them a trial. I was a good subject with
a case of such long standing and I
thought If they helped me I could safe
ly recommend them to others. I ued
them faithfully and the results wsre
satisfactory In every way. Doan's Kid
ney Tills are a wonder. They did me
more good than any other remedy 1
Monty more proof like this from As
toria people. Call at the drug store of
Churles Hurts aiul ask what hh cus
dealers. Price 80
Foator-Mllbunv Co,, Buffalo, N.
sole agents for the United Htates.
For salo by ell
Rememtier the name ponns and take
BLACKSMITH I NGs
CARRIAGE AND WAGON BUII.UIN'tl. FIItHT.CL.VSS 1I0K.SK
l"9&:Kltig Cnrtip Work,
A'l kinds if wagon materials in stock for salt). We gtiHrnutee, the best
work done iu the city. Price riht.
Corner Twelfth and Duane Streets, i'lmne 201,
St. Louis World's Fair News
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Twice-a-Week ,u",th Astorian
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Is insued Hemi-Weckly, etlit pages or
more, every Tuesday and Friday. It Is
REPUBLICAN in politics and has no
equal or rival as a
GREAT MODERN NEWSPAPER
If you want al! Uie news of the World's
Fair, all the news of the national cam
paign, and all the news of the earth, yon
must have the GLOBE-DEMOCItATaud
NOW IS THE TIME
Send us HHJiO TO-DAY and get your
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The AST6RIAN Astoria, .Or.
ASTORIA AND COLUMBIA
LEAVE I POnTLAND
1:00 a ml Portland Union be-
T. 00 p ml pot for Astoria and
i Way Points
S V k a ,ei
For Portland and
I 11:10 sr-J
1:11 a ml
Aitoria for Waren-I
ton, Flavel fort
10:44 a re :
0:15 a ml
Seaside for War-!
Stevene A Astoria
7:20 pe i
All trains make close connections at
Ooble with all Northern Paoiflo trains
to and from the East and Sound polnta
J. c. Mayo,
General Freight and Peas. Agent
and Union Pacific
70 hours from Portland to Chicago.
No change of cars.
Depart Kn.m Arrive
PorlUitJ Hnl Uki,, lienvrr, tf
hh)Ih Wuriii, oumlm, Kn- ftApm
via 11 lint- t'tiicuiiu slid kat
H. W, CYRU8,
We are thoroughly prepared for making
estimates and executing orders for
all kinds of electrical installing and
repairing. Hupplles in stock. We
ell the Celebrated SHELBY LAMP.
Call np Phone 1101.
428 BOND STREET
! Dr. T. L. CALL
624 Commercial street, Astoria Ore,
, DlNTIST, , I,
Pythian Building, Astoria, Oregon.
Dr. W. C. LOGAN 4 ,
578 Commercial St, Sbanahan Building
O. W. BARR, DENTIST
673 Commercial Street, Astoria, Ore
I TELEPHONE BED 2061.
JAY TUTTLE, M. D,
PHYSICIAN AND BURGEON
I Acting AsnlHtwnt Burgeon
U.S. Murine Hoapltal Hervlce.
Office hours: 10 to 12 a.m. 1 to 4:30 p.m.
477 Commercial Street, 2nd Floor.
Dr. RIIODA C. II ICRS
Mapsell BIdg. 672 Commercial 8t
PHONE BLACK 20tl
C. J. TRENCIIARD
Insurance, Commission and Shipping.
CUSTOMS HOUSE BROKER. f
Agent Wells-Fargo and Nortnrn
Paciflo Express Companies. '
Cor., ELEVENTH and BOND STS.
ult Uk, lwnvnr yd
' n unit, uitmim. k in.
, i ii Mill- Mil iiy, ni Ulllll,
liiKluti it'liltgoamt Uii-fct
H . in
M. t aul
7 4p. in.
; Walla Walla, (.)
Um. Himknuo. Minn.
hi, mi p.ul, HulutlJ
and feu l
OCEAN AND 1UVER SCHEDULE
All sailing dates subject to change.
Far Ban Francisco every five days,
i iiriiami slid wy
Steamer Nahcotta leaves Astoria on
tide dally except Sunday for Ilwaco,
connecting there with trains for Long
Beach, Tioga and North Beach points.
Returning arrives at Astoria same
Through tickets to and from all prln
clpal European cities.
O. W. ROBEItTS, Agent,
Time Cnl ul Trains
Puget Bound Llmlted.7: a m 1:41 pm
Kansas Ctty-SC Lout
Special 11:10 an l:tt pa
North Coast limited l:M O m 7:00 a n
Tacoma and Seattle Night
Express U;46 pro 1:06 pa
Take Puget Bound Limited or North
Coast Limited for Gray's Barbor points
Take Puget Bound Limited for Olyn
n!a direct I
Take Puget Bound Limited or lCaa
as Clty-SU Louis Special for polata
on South Bend branch.
Double dally train scrvloe on Orae
Four trains dally between Portland,
Tacoma and Seattle.
A DIRECT LINE
to Chicago and all polnta east; Louis
ville, Memphis. New Orleans, and all
See that your ticket reads v'.a the
Illinois Central R. R. Thoroughly mod
em trains connect with all transconti
nental lines at St. Paul and Omaha.
If your friends are coming west let us
know and we will quote them direct
the ipecUlly low rats now In effect
from all eastern points.: I
Any Information as to rates, routes.
etc., cheerfully given on application.
B. H. TRUMBULL, Commercial
Agent, 142 Third street, Portland, Or.
J. C. LINDSET, T. F. ft P. A., 141
Third street, Portland, Or.'
P. B. THOMPSON, F. 4. P. A..