nth MORMMi ASTORIA! Tlll'KSHA ISOYKMUKll ... J" gaily 2Utortmt JOHN T. LIGHTER. Editor, Telephone Main ML TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. DAILY. Sent by mall, per year Bent by mall per raoath M Served by carrier, per month W SEMI-WEEKLY. Bent by mail, per year. In advance $100 Postage free to subscribers. . All communication Intended for pub lication should be directed to the edi tor, business communication! of all kinds and remittances must be address ed to "The Astorian." The AstorUns guarantees to IU ad-1 Tertlsers the largest circulation of any.' newspaper published on the Columbia river I Advertising rates can be had on ap plication to the business manager. THE MEMORIAL. There Is a substantial beginning of (he na.Ueg of Cnlni dml Japan AT the monument fund In the list pub-, THK ,5 THET NOW PAY FOR llshed today. It is not a large sum. but( IUCE, Xow (S. lh, Agriculture r--U is only the commencement and gen- ,enlb.r tna, ,he qUen of Egiana erous additions are expected today. j proUb,y tfatg bre4j maJ(f out 0re. It is not for any self-glory that the( gon our and ,hat :h;ife ls unltmlt. Astorian undertakes to forward thls( eJ (,enianJ tlm,Ughout all Europe for movement. It only realises that It is tng wllnt of tne inlanJ Emplrt to good for Astoria to thus remember that muk(! bpead for whae Mr it has a fallen soldier whose memory Hi has for lhe purpose of deserves a tribute from his home town.j roakil)g more mi)neT tor bJmself in the and that a newspaper is the best means, transfKirtatjon buslines, and for hia al through which to reach the public. I ,iwJ , tne mlu business, that hereafter Every Aatorian is willing to aid In tb ,es8 wheat gna to Europe and movement and in a few days the fund at Lverp30l prooe6t but more should reach a figure that will be cred- shn gtnt t0 the 0rlent goM at l,able t OUT clty- I China prices. THIS IS WHAT MR. WHEAT CHARTERS. Locally the whxt market Is very ; quiet, the price of wheat has gone down to50cnUforcluband5Morbluestm.: This-Is the result of Inactivity in all' the world markets. The pre-! ent ship rate is 2.6, with a prospsct of another raise, and a consequent fall in . ' .. , the price of grain. The shipowners are , right In it. and the wheat owners are' up against it for a time, but prices must! go up some time In the not distant fu-' ture. Shippers from the Northwest are' Sighing lor the time to come wnen tne United States will have a merchant ma- rine, and foreigners cannot have such ' a sure cinch on the situation. A fleet of vessels in Portland tomorrow would doubtless cau a lowering of charters. a rise in Drice nalJ for erain and a strong, healthy market-Goldendale Agriculturist. ' Will the Agriculturtat accept a point-,' er from the Astorian? The last een- tence in the item above quoted tells the story: "A fleet of vessels in Port- land tomorrow would doubtless cause a lowering of charters, a rise in yice paid for grain and a strong, healthy market." But the Agriculturist will look a long time before it sees a fleet of vessels in Po.-tland, especially one of the kind the Agriculturist refers to' a fleet of unchartered ships competing wilh each other for the grain of the Inland Empire to supply the unlimited marktt of Europe. Can't the Agricul- turist unit-rsiand that one of the main purposes In view by the wheat buyers and transportation companies is to prevent the consummation so much de- sired by the wheat producer of a fleet of vessels clamoring for the privilege of taking his wheat to the markets WHEAT, THE WHEAT BUYER'S of Europe? Can't the Agriculturist see COMMISSION, THE COST OF RAIL that so long as the main market for WAY TRANSPORTATION AND THE Inland Empire wheat is maintained at FREIGHT ON MR. HILL'S STEAM the inaccessible inland port of Portland SHIPS ACROSS THE PACIFIC. The the farmers of the interior will look in Astoria proposition ls designed to give vain for a fleet of ships which will ma- the farmer at the mouth of the Colum terlaily lower charter rates. bia river the LIVERPOOL PRICE But what does the Agriculturist think FOR HIS WHEAT LESS, ONLY, THE of the probability of getting such a fleet n.n.WAV RATE TO ASTORIA of competing ships in the magnificent AND THE CHEAPEST CHARTER harbor of Astoiia, right at the sea- RATIi THAT CAN BE OBTAINED coast, where there is no expense for FROM THIS NEAREST POINT OF towing, pilotage or liability of deten- LAND TO THE LIVERPOOL MAIt tlon? With the wheat wt the interior KKT. laid down by the railroads at thy very Under which one of these arrange mouth of the Columbia river under ne-nts does the Agriculturist think the common point railway freight rates f:irmr would get the most for his that ls, at the charge now made for wheat? carrying It from the place of production Will the Agriculturist answer? to the ports of Seattle, Tacoma and - Portland the Agriculturist would in truth soon see such a fleet of ships as would result in a lowering of charters. Another thing the Agriculturist' ghould bear in mind in (studying the' wheat question Is that wheat buyers,1 wheat speculators, even the transporta- tion companies In fact, every non-pro-, ducer who getB a graft out of the farm- er's wheat, can only hope to do so in proportion to the extent to which hej can Interpose himself as an obstacle on the road between the farmer and the ships which come to the coast seeking charters In wheat. Doesn't the Agricul- turlst know that every possible ma- neuver ls resprted to by these middle- men to obstruct the flow of the farmer's wheat to the m-acoast? Can lh Agri culturist ivcall a fortune that has Iwvn made In Portland that did not repre sent some direct or Indirect toll taken from the fanner's wheat on Its way to the sejooast? Doe the Agriculturist understand that th stoppage of these unnecessary grafts Is the chief merit of the- Astoria proposition," and that It Is for this reason sr. much opposition Is at all times In evidence airUnut Astoria? With this thought In mind, perhaps the Agriculturist can understand why It hn Iwn suoh an uphill fight to bring Astoria to the front, and w hy she hiis been mlsivptvs.'Ued and maligned by almost the entire outside press and the influence of millions of combined capital, until the people of the Colum- blar. busln have received a totally wroll(r ,)rvss,vi, of what is meant by propolulon Pl.rmM, lh, Agriculturist has lately noticed ac counts of Mr. Hill's preparations to ship larger quantities of flour to the Orient. Ills own statement Is that he Is building two ships larg-T thin the Oceanic for the purpose of selling the wheat of the Inland Kmplre In the form of floor to HILL'S PLANS MEAN-MORE MA NIPULATION OF THE WHEAT AND I MORE MIDDLEMEN TO BE SUP- P0RTEp QIT OF IT EVEN BE- i j TWi i"N THE FARMfc-R CHEAP YELLOW CONSUMERS Hi3 PROPOSER TO TAKE IT TO IN ASIA! j Now oa ne mht.r hand e juiorlti ... ... ... I proposition proposes to cut out the mid-1 j dlemen t0 the Pibl- extent.; It proposes to reduce trade and trans-1 poriation to the nearest possible ap-! proach ,0 natura, conJiaoM anJ natur. ! I al competition. The Astoria propo- 8ltlon insists that the larger propor- tion of Inland Empire wheat shall be 9di,i ,0 feed wnite nyetl whlUl mtM1. prices in Europe. It insists that there are ,,ut two the farmer ouht to, pay between his farm and the consumer. Fiist he should pay a rail-) way rate the same rate charged to Tacoma, Seiule and to Portland with ' the cption to the farmer to have his wheat exported at Astoria, If he prefers ta do so. Second, Astoria Insists that the only remaining toll which shall be Lrken out of the wheat is the lowest competitive charter rate -vhlch can be obtained from the first class seaport of Astoria to the market at Liverpool. Can the Agriculturist see the difTer- ence? The present Hill railroad-steamship-, grist - mill - wheat buyers' combination ' proposes to forrv the wheat-producing farner of Klickitat county to takej the exact price at his granary ' for the finest quality of wheat that ; Ri'i: SELLS FOR IN CHINA, LESS; THE TOLL FOR GRINDING THE; . i THE WAR IS BUT BEGUN. Before hostilities actually began In South Africa it was perfectly under- stood that the British forces on the ground were entirely inadequate to a campaign against the Boers, and the necessity for sending large reinforce- ments from England was regarded as one of the reasons for the government's unwillingness to bring matters to an Issue. When, the Boers, recognizing these facts, determined to take advan tage of their position by assuming the aggressive, everybody understood that the British commanders on the border would do as well as could be expected if they could hild their own and ward off disaster until additional trvns could be sent to them. The first report of the Hoer advance, either on Natal or toward Klmbcrtey. mused no alarm even In London, atul If the Hrltlsh had steadily retired before them It would have Uvn no more than was prodli-ted., Hut lu the advance on runde-;, the Wnet plans miscarried, and the alert Hrltlsh rottuminder. Instead of waiting to be attacked, went out to meet the enemy and struck him a very hard blow. There can be no doubt that the ilrst buttle was a distinct l'rltlsh success, but It w as In no sense decisive, N-vertheless people In London Immedi ately forijot all their previous warnings and began throwing up their hats and diclarlnj that the war was over and Kruger about to surrender. He ha I hardly begun the fight. It was a natural sequence to this pre mature enthusiasm that when It wa learned that the Boers were still ad vancing and General Yule had moved back to a' better defensive position. London became correspondingly de pree.d. The linaginarg bulletins were as alarming as they had before been exhilarating and the war offlce was ac cused of keeping back Intelligence of overwhelming disaster. One extreme of unreasonableness Is as absurd as the other. No Intelligent person, and evi dently no one In military authorrty.ever supposed that this war was to be sVttled in the first skirmish, else the prepara tions making in Kngland were a foolish parade. The Bom must Indeed be poor fight ers and Incompetently led if they can not gain marked advantage in the campaign which they have eagerly pre cipitated, notwithstanding that they have met with sharper opposition than they looked for. At neither point of attack ls there yet a sufficient British force to do more than hold them In check, even If It can do that, and In neither case Is a really decisive battle probable before the troops now on their way can reach the seat of war. Then the war will be fought out in earnest; PHILIPPINE SITUATION Since the disovfty of the Philippine Islands by Magellan, In 1851. the inhab itants, mos.ly Malays and Negritos, have been und'jr Spanish rule, und dur ing these four centuries they have never been able to gain their Indepen dence, for the reason that they are In capable of organization and of main taining a stable government among themselves. They have never possesaed that liberty of which we hear so much about, and of course, can not be de dprived of something they never had. With the exception of a few simple productions, such as bate tobacco and sugar, they have even failed to develop the natural resources of the islands, which, according to the best authorities are various and most abundant. The vast public domain, of which only about one-fifth In occupied, has never been owned by the Filipinos, and th-y Rre, therefore, losing nothing by the cs!on of It from Spain to the United States. There are seventy or eighty tribes and as many languages and dia lects. One tribe, headed by Agulnaldo, who has been getting rich out of the rebellion business, together with a small tribe In the United Staj-s. is making all the trouble with our country while the other tribes wish to abid.- in peace under the American flag. The United States now holds the ab solute title to this rich domain. It came to us as a legitimate fortune of war, as an indemnity for the losflea we have suf fered, and we have also the treaty title by purchase. When we have full pos session, the Maylays will have a!l they ever had and mire. They will have a decent government. They have lived In darkness and In Ignorance long enough. The wondrous riches of the NO USE 'TRYING I can't take plain cod-liver . Doctor savs. try it He i oil. might as well tell me to melt lard or butter and try to take a them. It is too rich and 4 will upset the stomach. But you can taRe giilk or cream, so you can take Scott's Emulsion! It is Fke cream; but will? feed ani nourish vhen cream t 'will not. Babies z?A chil-5 dren w;t thrive grow fat on it wiun the!, ordinary f i j .'.t. it. . w . roou aoes r;-t iiouio-i uicuu a Persons lv.ve besr. kr.own to gaffi m 1 a pound a cy wc.ui uwnij an f 1 ounce of SvAi'i Lir.j'jlju. It Sts J 1 the digestive nnchinery in working f order so tlut the oicinary food Hi 1 i ? i t f .. SCOTTal.'n' .'Mi, i.;a.:i, f twYork. NOT A POISPNfll'S FACE BLEACH But a tme iHMiitilirr, Wf. tlieonlv tep aration sold uiuler a V"-invc guarantee of fl.tMHI ih.'i it otf. r n t a vr'" fraction tlieicot o: i :-oiious or ileleleii ous substaiKi. luloi il by tin- ! t celclir.dod rtMi-le o- 'lie H r!c ntid itr" malic stage: viviimenilel ov emitient physicians. uui jeuiioinu'r.i ii.ttiniiv- I') leading cliemi.-t' mmt fi'XS CC3RT!KE. Itithronl v 1' ''"'iiM' iniwot tiv fshi.n'n,Oe Ulie lo nrtcluiiU m ltutl: ' om! u -' your ilriii!i-4 toi 'I un-l 'lo iM W hiIiut.I In luWt an)1hlnii fle ll .'ii ith! t lioitlc i dormant archipelago must be. utllliu-d. The brch clout must give way to clvtllx.itton. S im- body must irovern the . Dhltli...lHa UUn.l. iintlim fnimt j direct th'lr fortunes, and develop their! ! resources, which are of Infinite value. ! t'li'ler ev.'iv role of humanity and In- tv-rnntlonnl law, the United States Is emitted to 'hat Hilllon. Srtl'TH MAY PE SOLID FOR EX- ! PANSION. The "solid South for expansion" Is oil ne of the political possibilities of the m..iin.- rntnr that Are irlvln the 1 nme Hate future mat are giung tne. ' 1mm Rrvanltes alarm. The South Is gradu- 1 allv renlir.lng that Dewey plunted ouri llag nt the gateway of a vast market , for American cotton. Will the South vote to pull It down? ! Henry Watterson of the Louisville ' Courier-Journal and Senutor Morgan of I Alabama are among those who were quick to ee that a new highway for i the staple of the South had been open ed In the Tactile, and they have xeal ! ously labored to Impress the South with i the magnitude of Its great commercial opportunity. Now comes Senator Mc- i Lnurin of South Carolina who Joins with fervor and earnestness In the ad - t ... t ,, vo-acy cf the retention of the rhillp - uines ns being the solvation of the cot- ton manufacturing Industry of Hint state When the treaty of peace was Under consideration .it Paris Senator MrLau rin was undecided as to the wisdom of the polle) about to be Inaugurated by the iidinlnisinitlon wp.h reference to the new acquisitions In the Pacific, ' Subsequent stuly of the situation, how I ev;r, has made him an enthusiastic ex ! pe.rwionlst. In response to a letter from . th- united colon manufacturers of , South Carolina, In which they urgo re 1 tentlon and control of this gateway to the Orient. Senator McLaurln VU:itowv oii Lup-jm eiiioomiiLvii uip impor tance f the expaimltn policy to the expansion policy to the cotton growers and cotton tnaiuf.icturrs of the South. He expresses the belief that the future of the cotton mills of his own state de pend upo.i the maintenance of the hlnese mark -t, which is being con stantly m"n.v:d ly Russia. The sen ator, in fact, ih-s further than the man'ifiw tui'rs on the expansion ques tion, declaring that American trade In ..... ...I.I. 1-1 .1 . . . I the oil.. nt is wholly dependent on the' Good work, correct style and perfect r.-tenslon of the Philippines. On this!"1 "PK louder for. the furrier than ,, ... any advertisement that can be written, question he says: Applegath & Prasll, the fashionable .My ju. igmcnt is thiu tne gontrol of them, or at least some portions, Is the nly safeguard for our trade Interests In the Ka.it. The abandonment of them irieans the !l.4membei'ment of China, Its partition .uiDtig 'he European powers and th" inevitable loss of our China Hade." With a vast market for Its chief sta- , pie prduot opn.-d up by the retention of th Philippines hanging in the bal ance, the South is not apt to listen long to the mournful wall of Atkinson's in surgents, nor is It apt to analyze the argmniit. that underlie their doleful lamentittl ns. The South may yet be solid for expansion. WHEN DEWEY WEPT. Thrice during the two days given to him Dewey wept, says a writer In Les lie's Weekly, In a description of the re ception In New York. First, when he was presented wilh the flog that once floated ov?r Farragut. fjVcond, when, during the naval parade, he looked from the Olyropla over the great assem blage of vessels crowded with cheering men and women. He then seemed to realize for the first time the profound character of the fueling which he had inspired. Several times he raised his handkerchief to hit- eyes, and men who had known 1,1 in for the greater part of his career said they had never be fore seen him co moved. Third, when he suddenly came Into view of the 2,300 school children on the great stand In Seventy-second street. The children had grouped themselves In blue letters fifteen fe?t high, forming the word "Dewey," on a white ground. Led by Frank Damrosch, they Joined In a mighty chorus as the possession passed. Dewey halt. id In front of the stand and stood up, hat in hand, bowing his grati tude. For a few moments he tood thus, bareheaded, the tears trikllng down his face. COST OF LIVING. Comparative Estimate of Expense in Different Cities. An investigation Into the comparative cost of living at the various European caiiltnls resiiltml In the following facts: At Vienna yio priet of most article of food are lowest; at Madrid they art dearer than In any other capital, and stioh thtiiRs as bread, meat, miliar and coal are very expensive Indeed. At tt. Petersburg, also, lhe prliw of bread l still coitslhn'd a luxury above tho means of the working classes. Nexl to Vienna, Hruancla Is an nixiKnsl"e city: Paris Is, little higher In the scale, w hile London Is still more txpen slve. An American sprnils on an aver 04r i0 d year for food, a Frenchman MS. a German tin, a Spaniard 13, an Italian $24 and a Russian M'. Of meat the American eats 109 pound a year, the Frenchmun 87 pounds, the Herman t!4 pounds, the Italian pounds and Hit) Kusslan M pounds. Of bread the American consumes SM pounds, the Frenchman MO pounds, the German 660 pounds, the Spaniard tW pound, the Italian VH) louikIs and the ltiiaslan 60S pounds. Outside of Europe In times of peace, ManlH Is cheaper to live In than onv other city In th world, Woman's Welfsre within her own contnl; gr'atest French mrdlcAl triumph of this ten tury. for al I fomal Irresuiaritles, weakness, etc.: a positive blessing to married ladles. Call or write for seulcJ Information. Inclose stamp. Wash. St., Portland. Or. MEALS LIKE AT HOME. WI.en you are In Portland snd want a really good home meal, just give Mr Prown a trlil. 10S Fourth St.. near Washington. You will like It surely. This restaurant Is open all night. LADIES' TAILOR-MADE SUITS. Ladles who go to Portland and desire something especially fins In the way of . Ladles who go to Portland and desire ! tailor-made suits will do well to remem j ber tha, ,h,y can , w fltleJ at j Buyer's 1'7 Fourth street, in the Y, U C. A. building. Not only does he keep a strictly first class cutter for men's wear, but also one exclusively tor ladles' work, and all ran rest assured of getting not only good work, but the best of materials, as Mr. Hoyer Is an expert on woolen cloths. FINE OPENINO. The North Pacific- Dental College, whose advertisement appears In anoth er column, opened Its doors October S, Ith 75 students on Its roster, The col lege Is well equipped with every facll- ' o rnuJiiate students In all the late knowledges of dentistry. A. R. Baker, ( uu a demonstrator in charge, and is well qualified to Instruct all student 1 who at id this college. I THEY CUT TO FIT. Y-s they do and the style and finish they give to iiie.i's suits, rank these gentlemen as export practical mer chant tullors. The man rial lh"y uao is also tho very best and you will al ways find them busy at W-i Yamhill j s, ' jlrt,an,,. at.t your re'xt suit there, and g.-t it now. WHERE TO EAT. Why nt 'Tho Eastern of course. 170 Third St., Portland. You cau get a good layout for IS cents h.re, which will satisfy your hunger and bring you I ber the Eastern. RADICAL LITERATURE. We know of only one book store In Portland where so complete a line of novels can be obtained, on all the radi cal subjects of the day under discussion as can be seen at Jones' Hook Store, 291 Alder street. THEY CUT AND FIT. Two Fashionable Furriea Who Are Earning Well-Merited Approval. furriers, at 143 Third street, between Alder and Morrison, guarantee abso lute satisfaction In every case where a purchaso Is made at their establish ment Both gentlemen are practical cutters and fitters, who have been em ployed In some of the largest houses In the principal cities of the United States. There ls a style and finish to all work tumid out by this firm that stamp both gentlemen experts In this business. Garments will be taken to be made over or repaired, and the work turned out with the least possible de lay. A POEM ON MANKIND. Like what ls man, but like a sprouting weed, That grows and ripens but to cast its seed Among the thistles and the tares of life And then to see It strangled in the stife? Or like the clouds that wander with the brec;;e And pass unnoticed from a life of eas ? Or like a mushroom, sprung to life, alas! To starve or strangle In the tangled grass? These ore thoughts that are sot to come to many people nt times, espe cially when they are sick and have to pay big price for medlclnn. Hut there Is one drug store In Oregon where you can save from 10 to 25 per cent on everything you buy, and that Is J. A. flernensnn s Drug Htore, at in iam hill street, Portland, Ore. At that store vou can get Hood s Sarsnparllla at 70o: Mellen's Food, $1 size, 65c; Ilroino Selt zer, fl size, 70c, and everything else at the same low rale. You can get red trading stamps there, and If you need tho Natural Body Brace, you can get it there. T H li LOrVKE. Htriin(.'ers visiting in the city will find the Invre air iittrantive resort wherein to spend tlie eveniiiK. The Amine. Sisters Lndiim' OrclieHtrii in slill on tlm hills and presents nightly n musical program of exceptional merit, llntidHOtne pool and billiard rooms are a feature in connection willi the liouK'. I'lilatiitilc lunches will be served nt nil nonrs LOGGERS ATTENTION! Headquarters for Cutters' Logging Shoes and Loggers' Outfits. THE ItED FHONT, 269 Morrison street, Portland. FOR SALE. Improved ranch, consisting of 120 acres, on Young's river. Apply to John L. Hayseth, Wise, Or, NORGARD & PETTERSON, Merchant Tailors r-ou' ltmhlll Stictt tlctRtti tird and 4tli. Tlil'ine (lifiinii Kindt oS.t (iiitlicr tip TIkinc. MAGAZINES You liavo Nlxitit your lioincs nml lisvo llietti iiiadti Into Handsome Hook. Old Uwlis reUitiiul and nuulii an good ns new. We make nil kinds ut books Ntid lisve Hie only Hook liimlery in Anlorln Will lie pleased to submit estimates. J. 8. DFl.l.INU K. P. n. Sharpie's Lntant Builders Heavy and Shelf Pacific Sheet FISHER BROS. MANUFACTURERS OF Salmon Fnlt - Syrcp Lithographing on Tin a Specialty. San Francisco. Cal. Astoria, Ore. Falrnaven, Wash. Write Uas for Prloen C. A. WHALE, Whjli-imle mill rrtnll ilmliT in Pianos Organs Kriuiicli ami llacu, SrliRlrVr, Hohlller, and iniiny others, nVii Instruments Sold . M. C. M ATI III F.I. I .ManiiMcr. ASTORIA MEAT COMPANY $ Ttlaphon No, (13 I Handles Only the Choicest Meats 1 41 CofliSMrclil St.. atit Pslse Rtdsarsi.t. Pacific Navigation Company HTKAMBRS R. P. Elmore W. II, Horrlon (iAHIHALDl BAY Connecting t A -torm with tlio Oregon Railroad & Navigation Co. for San Francisco, Portland and all points, cast. For freight arid passen ger rates up;ly 8rrMel Elmore & Co. f val Agents, ASTORIA, ORE. COHN ACO.. Agente, Orego .llrowl Nnvlgntiou Co., TIUAMOUb (.re. PORTLAND, Ore. STRONG COURSES-Well equipped training departments, Normal course, quickest and best way to State Cerlinct.tes. Expenses for year from 1120 to 1100; Board J2.W to B per week; Tuttloa, OI per term of ten weeks. Fall term begins September Vth; Bummer term June If to September L For catalogue address P. L. CAMPBELL, Presides. or W. A. WANN, See faculty. Portland, Oregon Cor. Ninth a it J Commercial Si: Cream Separators ami Kent General Supply Mouse for Family Groceries Hardware, ShipChandlery, Etc. Metal Works WswWsvA ScliulU ami Co. Miller. Ann Arbor lleiitlev and others PORTLAND OREGON. on Easy Terms. Head olll.e HI State Ht Siilem, Ore. ONLY DIRECT LINE , ASTORIA to TILLAMOOK CITY UOHSONVILLK State Normal School MONMOUTH, OREGON Training School for Teachers, Now Buildings Now Departments. Ungraded Country School Work, Graduates Secure (loodgjl'osltions.