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About The morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1899-1930 | View This Issue
THK MORNING AST01UAN, WEDNESDAY. OCTOBER 18. 1899.
THE BOERS NOW IN
POSSESSION OF DUNDEE
Ail Order For Its Evacnation Carried Oat
NATAL COLONY COMPLETELY INVESTED
Urge Forces of the Dntcn ire Poariof In on All Sides
Mines Hive Been Abandoned tnd the
AGl'IXALDO IS GLORIFIED
The Cryrl War lor the Kibliirmriit
of the Noble Tijalos Mast
' JJEMT TORK, Oct 17. A dlspatca
to tbe Herald from London sari:
Th Daily Telea-rapa publishes this
dispatch from iu special correspond'
LADTSMITH. Jtoaday. Dundss la
now practically empty. Special trains
have brought down 3,009 persons, most
ly women and children, besides many
In trucks (flat cars). An order to fvac
uate was received in Dundee at I
o'clock this moraine
The Dutch and local miners have left
their work In the Dundee district. All
the mines In this aiva htr hare been
closed down, owing- to the alarm that
the lioers are in the vicinity of Dundee.
Oliver Davis reports that his store In
Iiigok'o was looted by the Boers. He
watched them enter Newcastle on Sun
day ni?ht, and saw the advance guard
of General Joubert's column enter
Dannbauser station, which Is south of
Our patrol beyond Dundee last night
caught a spy named Vermaak. It ap
pears from this man, who is a Dutch
man, that the Boers hare torn up the
railm ay near Ingag-ane.
A hotel keeper there saw them. Four
Boers entered his hotel, bought and
paid for their goods, then told blm to
get oat. and took poeseasion of the
Private reports say that a Boer col
umn is advancing from De Jagers Drift
against Dundee, with 15,000 men, but
this number is greatly exaggerated.
Probably there are only about 7,000.
Telegrams sent to Ladysmlth and
Kewt-stle from Hattlngsprult station,
north of Glen coe, ask that no more
empty tnuks (flat cars) shall be for
warded there. It Is believed that the
enemy" patrols are in the neighbor
hool of that coal field, which Is also
threatened. If this should be closed,
she source from which the best of earn
coal is obtained la this part of the
world would be temporarily lost
The proclamation of martial law will
have a beneficial effect In clearing the
border of numbers of spies and other
The following1 statement has been of
ficially communicated to me:
"The colony of Natal was Invaded
from the Trans rial early the morning
or the Uth Inst. Tbe advance was
made by the enemy in three column
"On the right was a mixed column
of Transvaalers and Free State burth
en, with the Hollander volunteer oorpe.
It moved through Doth as Pass.
In the center was the main column.
umlT General Joubert's personal cum
mar.1. It crossed Laings Nek and
moved forward by way of Tngogo.
"On the left a large command ad
vanved from Wakkerstroom, but way
of Jfott's Nek and Wools Drift.
"The objective point of (he three col
umns was Newcastle, which was oc
cupied on the night of October 14, the
central column having slept the pre
vious night at General Colley's old
camping place. Mount Prospect. I
"Tterday an advance of artillery of
i.Vv Boers pushed south to Ingagene,
but the greater portion of the com
mands retired during the day on New
"The Boer force, which for some days
has been concentrated east of De Ja
" i'ii, on wiooer if captured a
patrol of six men of tbe Natal police.
"A plcket of mounted Infantry of the
Sixtieth rifles also exchanged a few
shots with the enemy. This as yet is
the only fighting.
"Our troops are in excellent spirits
and fettle. The Natal volunteers In
particular are doing valuable work In
a soldier-like manner and spirit. The
general officer commanding in Natal
gr?atly appreciates their conduct."
CHICAOO, Oct. 17.-The opposition of ,
the tntl-expanaionlsts to the subjuga
tion of the Filipinos took tangible form
today In a meeting of about 1(0 dele
gates from different parts of the coun
try to launch a crusade against the pol
icy of the administration In the Philip
pines. Addresses wrs made by J. Sterling
Morton. Carl 8churs and others.
The Hon. J. Sterling Morton, of Neb-
raiU. said In the ooursa of his addtvss:
'The preamble of the constitution
"We, the peopl of the United Stat.-s.
in order to format more perfect unl.i.
establish Justice, Insure domestic Iran-
qwilty provide for the common de-
penny In the pound). This differential
I U Increases by a sliding scale until
landed estates worth 11.040.000 pay an
nually 1 pence to the pound, or about
$40f, more In proportion than th es
tate of ta.fOO, while the eetaAe of t:,500
inis iaw was made to orvak up
large landed estates and K has don It
They cannot exist. As land become
nur valuable by the acre, estate of,
moderate slie will le similarly brvkon
up. -As the price of land grows In pro
portion to density of population, this
leglklatlon will subdivide the land more
Tiio law forbids the sale by auction
I of more than JJO acres In one plat.
The compulsory arbitration taw. In
troduced In 1891, was bitterly opposed
it passed In m. It e-mi to work
well. There has been but one strike
Unions, of workmen and employers.
wnicn register fur the purpose, can vote
for the arbitrators. They use he act
whether registered or not
Arrangements for wage are made
for two years, so that employers knw
what they can dgure on.
i nlon labor Is im Instated upon In
.all cases, but Is favored by the arbl
fense. promote the general welfare and1 tra,or"- " b"""" employed
secure the blessings of liberty to our- j non unl" nwfl netther forced out nor
selves and our porsterity. do ordain and compelled to Join the union. Nowhere
j which will be presented to the proposed
I It is understood -hat the thro a. v.
ernroents are giving eerious consldera-
j tion to the advisability of the partition
i lug of the Island.
JOINT rOM.MIS.SI0X TO .MEET
NKW YORK, Oct. 17.-A dispatch to
the Herald from Berlin
Denial f Rumor That England Has! The 3c,,,"8lwlle z1""- announces
that a new proposal has Wn m e-
; ward regarding the Samoan question,
j England has offers! fiermany compen-
Made a Private Agreement
With German Under Which
lailer Gws 0m.
xuki;, uct 17. A special to
the Herald from Washington says:
negotiations have been commenced
between he thr-e powers signatory to
the terlln treaty contemplating a per
manent settlement of the Samoan ques
werr Mumm von Schwarzensteln,
German fpecial envoy, called at the
state department Monday and dls
cusped Samoaa matters with Dr. Hill,
acting secretary of state. It is under.
stood tha neither Herr Mumm nor Dr.
Hill has received any Information cop
flrmatory of the report that the natlv s
have declared Tamesese king, although
It is known that peaceful conditions do
not exist In the island.
The character of the treaty for the
permanent settlement of the question
has not yet been determined, nor will
It be until after a conference between
the represnrtatlves of the three powrs.
It has not yet been determined whether
this conference' shall take place in
Washington, Berlin or London. All that
can be said about the matter Is that the
three powers are considering the Joint
report of their commissioners and will
mnke that report the basis of the plan
saiion If she will renounce Upolu.
agrarian organ audit that it in
n.t Impossible that Germany will ac
cept tne proposal, provlde.1 that a v ry
high indmniy is paid.
The foreign office intimates thn re
port of the SchlrttltKhe Zeltung Im an
indiscretion and Is not quite exact. It
Is true that Kngland made the proposal
In question, but It was declin-d. As a
consequence, the North Grman fJaz-tte
yesterday declared that Germany's po-
I I iv
me samoan question remains
In regaid to the question of compwi
sat Ion of Individuals, both Germany
and Kngland have agreed to appeal to
arbitration, if they fall to come io an
Tht pntiun. a . l r,. i. .
vl i,10 uninu suites to
this course has not arrived, but th-re
is no doubt that the reply will be favor
establish this constitution for the Unl
ted States of America.
"To acquire Insular territory In the
Pacific ocean, Inhabited by from 8.000..
000 to 10.00C.0o of people of an A her race.
who llv under a tropical sun. Is not 'to
form a more perfect union.' "To take
these Filipinos by force of arms and
benovelencly assimilate them Is not 'to
establish Justice.' It Is not 'to Insure
domestic tranquility.' It Is not 'to pro
vide for.' but to Imperil 'the common
defense.' It Is not to promote the gen
eral welfare. It will not tend 'to se
cure the 'blessings of UWly U our
selrsg.and our posterity. And yet for
these purposes our forefathers ordained
and established this cownitutlon of the
United States of America."
Mr. Kdwin Burritt Smith of Chlrago
"It is now some 18 months since Mr
McKlnley. with professions of n-luc
tance, deliberately changed a simply
naval position before Manila Into
complex military situation on Asiatic
soil. The army of occupation was not
sent to protect the naval force under
Admiral Dewey. It was not sent to
support" a declaration that the Filipino
as well as the Cubans are and of right
ought to be free and Independent It
was sent to defend a flag hoisted with
out right on a foreign soil. It was s-nt
to transform a war of liberation In
the western hemisphere Into a war of
conquest In Asia, Into a war of com
metre, 'a war of criminal aggression.
Men recruited to fight for liberty In
Cuba were sent to fight against lib
erty in the Philippines. Mr. McKlnley
thus transformed a war for humanity
In Cuba Into a war of Inhumanity In
the east i
"This conference should make it
known at once to whom it may con
cern that we prop.- next year to con
tribute to the defeat of any party that
shall stand for the forcible subjuga
tion of any people; that we shall oppose
the re-election of any, who, in the
White House of congress, shall have
betrayed American liberty In pursuit
else, however, are labor unions any
Nev Zealand has an eight hour day.
a half-holiday ever)' week, a doi-n full
holidays In the year all at full wages.
Less drunkenness and more thrift are
said to result from this law.
ew Zealand women, white and
brown alike, can vote for members of
the legislature, but cannot themselves
The driver of a slow passenger train
noticed that the stoker always rar.'d
intently at tbe windows of a certain
cottage near the line, and curiosity Im
pelled him to ask for an explanation of
"My girl lives there," said the stoker
' Then I suppise she sits In the win
dow watchnlg for you?" surmised the
No. she don't: she sln't time to play
the fool." grunted the stoker. "I only
look to see whether the window blind's
up or down. If It's up I know It's
court. n' night; If it's down I know it
ain't. That's all."
"And do you always visit her when
you see the blind up?"
"xcu bet I do, boss," answered the
stoker, heartily. ""It's one of her tripe
an' onion nights, an' she knows I shouIJ
not turn up but for that. Coortln'
a dry, game without a tasty supper to
help It along."
The North Pacific Dental College
whose advertisement appears In anoth
er column, opened its doors October 5
with 75 students on its roster. The col
lege Is well equipped with every facil
ity to graduate students in all th.
knowledge of dentistry. A. R. Baker
s-- 18 demonstrator In charge and
Is well qualified to Instruct all stunt.
who at.3.ij this college.
LAWS OF NEW ZEALAND.
Some Experiments In Legislation and
Conditions Resulting Thwvfrom.
New Zealand thirty years ago was
divided Into six provinoes (states).
There was intense rivarly between
them and betweer. sections, which K-d
to subdivision of provinces.
Ten years ago began a bad financial
panic. Since then the whole tendency
has been toward centralisation. The
state lines, so far as legislation Is con
cernert. have. been praotically wiped out
V L . 1 "
uiuuen tne names are retained In use
for convenience. '
o man, it Is claimed, can starve In
New Zealand. An old-age pension pro;
vldes absolutely for the support of
evr?ry person of either sex pout the
age of working.
Any man can have land, by a law
somewhat similar to our own home.
Btead act. He does not have It in fee,
but upon a long lease.
For some time after the settlement of
New Zealand the natives were exter
minatea like our own Indians. There
are only tl.OOO left, but they are now
eur Zealand Is an agricultural
country of sparce population. The new
legislation of 1891 and succeeulng years
has levied taxation of two sorts on
land and on Incomes. No attempt Is
niadt to collect tax on personality,
The land tax Is levied only on estates
worth 2,50 or upward. Mortgages
and ome Improvements are exempt.
On landed properitles worth from
tJ.Hm to $25,000 a tax rate Is levied,
varying each year acordlng to public
riIi. On estates worth more, than
ViU.m and up to 150,000 an additional
tux of per cent Is levied (one-clghth
Geat Left Over Salb
Price Away Down.
Vou liSay so, - i
wlieu Vou See Prices,
Great American fmiJoriiDn: Tea Go.
m Csataeressl St. Astoria.
WHson Improved Air Tight Heaters
This hi'iiter is t'spmnll)' ntlnj'twl for Soft Ctml
tiiJ Ligiiito. The boilyin iimtlo of Klinliwl
stovl. Kxlrt liiuvy uliukinj? nixl dumping
grato. Firo jot extra heavy with largo null pit.
Htm u nickol urn, nickel mime lto and two
nickol phtUnl foot rails.
The liot hhtst draft U so constnii lctl that the
escaping gas are all consumed, which makes
a great Huving in the consumption of fuel.
Price, 512.00 to 525.00.
All Varieties of Hood Air Tlfihts at
-FOARD & ST0E1ES.
Shoes for Women
Also "Queen Quality"
Shoe6 for Women
C. Goddard & Co.
Oregonisn Building. Portland.
AIm Repairing and Rtoo?ering at
Wssbiti(ton beiweeootb and 0th Streets.
John K. Coffey,
ST. HEliEU'S HALL.
A BOARDING AND
DAY SCHOOL FOR GIRLS
RoopeOKl HepWiiier 13. Tot clroulsrs
MISS ELEHoM THIBBKTl'8, Ph.D
Prioc-ipii, PortUoil Oretra
Old Book Store
Hi.tory, Kiogrsiibr, MiclMiilcal,
R.-teres. P.Hitrr. Me.lloal.
law. itelltflous, Holoulitlo
All tlandard works,
Seoond-hsnd school books, laryo ito k
cheap. Bei-onl-hanl maailus, Li
brans bought. Iargs stock v( oorels,
22U-23I Vauiblll 81., below Socond.
Telephone Re,l 2Hsa
301 Washington St, corner Fifth
UppusiU Hotel Fsrktoi
Latlies Hair Dretwing a Specialty
ladies entraocs to balb
po Fifth street
THK I.A1U1K BUILDINti.
8KtXH an.l WA8INUT0N, 8
20, 21, 22, 23
W. C. A. Pohl,
and Funeral Director
1 CMkt'" "d funplle, constant-
! 7 00 hnJ.
, Corner Utli ii,tl )mtt gu( Asloris, Ors
Delivered it ycor
Only 60 Cents i
25! ALUKK ST..
A Portland Buyer
Mrs. DALTON. who has
years' of experience ns 11
. Buyer .
Will be pleased to elve personal
attention to all customer.
263 .Second 8t., Portland.
He says was always so llfht
and well baked.
Well there Is a knack In mak
But don't forget the kind of
store or range used makes a
difference. His mother used a
Star Estate Range
W. J. 8CULLT, Agaot,
m Bond ttrest
T. PAUL NN.. JAN. ,M. ifloO.
Sf1 ' ' 800,000.00
Voserye for Unearned, Prtrnium 1,016 407.8"
Reserve or all Other LiabilifiVo 222eoi.07'
Net Surplus over all Liabilities 784 888.78
CHARLBS CKBI8TEW8EN, Hanacer.
B. GOODWIN, Antitant Kanager.
t7Callfriiln St S. F..' Cnl.
SAMUEl ELMORE & CO. genfs,
flemZealaoa Fire Insaranee Go
Of New Zealand.
W. P Thomas, Mgr., sQn Kranctsco.
UNLIMITED LIABILITY OF SHAREHOLDERS.
ouuswiucu v-ujjiiui - . . tR finfl flflft
Surplus to Policy Holders . . 1718 702
Has been Underwriting on the Pacific Coast over Twi.ntv.lwn vr.,,r.
SAHUEL ELMORE & CO.,
fesldent Agents, AitnHn rw,
Assets in United States