TUK MOKX.Kfl 'ASWRUN. SATDKUaV, 'OCTOBER 7, 8W. 6 THE GREAT CONTEST FOR THE AMERICAN CUP English Racer tie. Best Ever Turned Out and Has tie Pick of Experienced Sailors. SPORTING PUBLIC DEEPLY INTERESTED The Whole Country Anxiously Await the Outcome of the Contest. THE ELEVENTH RACE Tt America Wrestel ike Trophy From EngUnd Half Century Ago Outdistanclrf a Squijroa of E lish Yactts Nearly Half a Mlle- wllllng In the extreme that he shout carry away the prtie to often won Not thai he will not gvt fair ttwtnu'nt an be afford! every courtesy It possible for the New Tork Yacht Club to five. He wilt gvt all that and more. And he is determined to win If the big, graceful Wrd Shamrock can win for him. This will b the elewnth serlea oi rices for the cup, counting the first, when the America, a sloop yacht, made tV Journey to England, seeking whom she might conquer. She sought match races, but no heed was paid t her challenges. She arrived In time for the race of the Royal Tacht Squadron at Cowes, and so decided to enter. The course was around the Isle of Wight, a fluky course and one manl- rVMv nnfutr ttv tk iTiphf linfiLmltliir BlSIOry Of meyaCbtS Seat Over by! with Its Uds and currents and winds. Indeed, the London Times remarked at the time: "The course ar.iund the Isle of Wight Is notoriously one of the n.ost unfair to strangers that can be selected, and Indeed does not appear a good race ground for anyone. Inas much as the currents and tide render liK?al knowledge of more value than swift sailing an J nautical skill." flcnever, the American sailors Wire game and sailed In the race a race destined to go down In yachting hls- tory as the most remarkable Interna tional race ever sailed. A previous brush with the crack British yacht Laverack had resulted In a vtc'ory for the America, but the Britishers had no fear that some one of their four teen craft, eight cutters and six schooners, would defeat America, go it vas decided to enter the squadron Great Britain to Tropny. Win Back the Oh, weep ye British sallora true. Above or under hatches, Here's Tankee Doodle been and oome And beat our crackest yatches. ml - . . . xuey siarcea ail to run a race. And wor well timed with watches But, oh! they never had no chance, Had any of our yatches. London Punch after America's victory In 1S5L Columbia or Shamrock who will win? American yachting supremacy, malntaired by an unbroken line of vic- ae America, way back In; event for the 100 cup, the evnt being 4i, uiwny aisiancea an tne fleet of ot.cn to all nations. ual lacnt liuds squadron at' They started. America was Inst to DIMENSIONS OF THE TWO YACHTS. Columbia. Length over all m ft. 4 in. Loud water line H) tu t In. Beam U ft 24 In. Du?ht ft S in. Forward overhang 15 ft. ( In. After overhang j ft.. Weight of lead in keel to tons. Displacement in tons ..115. Freebcard at bow 7 ft. n. Freeboard at stern 4 ft. 9 In. Freeboard amidships 4 ft. Surface below water 1,760 so,, ft. Sail area 12,900 sq. ft. Height of mast from deck to hounds 73 tit. From deck to topmast 123 ft. Greatest circumference of mainmast 66 in. Shamrock. 152 ft. 2 In. 89 ft. 2 In. 25 ft. 6 In. 20 ft. 24 In. 20 ft. 22 ft. V) tons. Ui.i 7 ft. 4 In. S ft. S ft. 10 In. 2.C19 sq. ft. 13.( sq. ft. 77 ft. 121 ft. 00 In. the Isle of Wight, Is at stake. The prestige of American designers, Amer ican builders and American sailors Is to be defended by the Columbia, as well as the old,, battered silver trophy known as the America's cup. British bulldog perseverance, the best of the brains devoted to Scotch yacht designing, and the pick of experienced English and Scotch sailors are to be contended against. "Llpton's luck," which has in thirty years made a many-times millionaire of an errand boy, a term conjured by In England and something considered a great fac tor in the life of the- big tea grower, packer and merchant, Is to be reckoned in. When Llpman decides to bring a boat oi er to carry back the plec of silver it Is time America! ya'.chmen look to their laurels. All the country Is Interested. Amer ica Is once more on the eve of a great eomfcat with England a friendly com bat, to be sure, but none the less keen, and all Americans, whether they live on Long Island sound or In Arizona, are looking toward Sandy . Hook and the races which are to take place there October 3, 5, and 7. When Lord Durraven packed up his grip and hied himself home In a huff after the Defender Valkyrie III. race lr. 1805, American yatchmen despaired for a time of ever again having the pleasure of engaging In the defense of the trophy. "Quoth Dunraven: 'Nevermore!" And the disgruntled lord Influenced so many of his countrymen to b-lieve he had been treated unfairly that sen timent In England was for three y ars against challenging for the cup again. It remained for Sir Thomas Johnson Llpman, t?a prince, to throw to the winds all pr-Judlce on account of Dun raven, and in 1838 he Joined the Royal Lister Yacht Club with the avowed purpose of coming after the American cup. Will he succeed? He has the past experiences of many Eritlsh sportsmen to discourage him. He has the disad vantage of having to Incur enormous expense perhaps In vain. He has the further disadvantage of sailing the race in American waters and surround ed by a people zealously partlslan, un cross the line, but she passed through the English floit as If they had ben anchored, so swiftly did she go. Bigger and bigger grew the gap. On board the royal stam yacht Victoria and Albert on that famous day, August 22. 1S31, was Queen Victoria. Turning to an attendant she asked: "Which Is first?" "America, your majesty." "And which Is second?" "There is no second, your majesty." It v as true. On passing the Needles the nearest yicht to the America waa tho Aurora, and she was eight miles astvrn. Ar.U America, the vUitor, drop ped anchor oft Cowes, winner of the cup. Elghten minutes afterward Au rora finished. The remainder of the fleet finished on the following day. As Punch put it: Thlr whole squadron she outsped And that on their own water! Of all the lot she went ahead And they came nowhere arter. Thus It was that America won, near ly a half century afro, and so it hu1 been In every succeeding race fur the' cup, with slightly varying clrcum. stances. The Englishmen consider them telves so thoroughly beaten that for seventeen years the cup, most bi-autl- and excursion It was Columbia which was first defeated by a British yacht. The nel two races for the cup were sailed l Canadian yachts. Vice Cum modore Charles Clifford of the Hoytit Ctnnllnn Yacht Club in W sent the Countens of Dufferln ns the chai. lefir, and the good schooner Made leine grotlfted her American friends by defeating the Canadian, In th second nice the old America, ulaunch ami tl-ot, though Just a bit old-fashion looking, sailed the course, and herself defeated this Canadian uiwtain by over nineteen minutes. Again an interval of five years, and then came another Canadian challenge this time from Captain Alexaudei Cutborth of the Bay of Toronto Yacht Clut, who sent his boat Atalnnta through the Erie canal. The Amer Kan yacht Mischief outclassed the lit tie champion from tho north, win nlng the first race by vr twenty mln utes. and the second by nearly fifty nine minute. Tttcae deeUlvw defeat: .tttsned th Canadians that the cup .xs beyond their reach. Coming down to the more recent eon tests, the excitement of the mors which has taken place sine 1JSS is recall ana Puritan, Mayflower, Volunteer, Igllant and Defender nanves that cause a thrill In the breasts of Amtr lean yaehtmen played their parts In the defense. Sir- Itlchard Sutton in l5 sent over the cutter Geneeta a an entry from the Royal Tacht squadron J. Beaver Webb was her designer, and Edward Kurgeas fashioned the bvauU iui winged creature Puritan. On tne first race the wind died down and the race wus called off. Next day the boats started, but collided on the course, Uenesta losing her bowtprlt Puritan s malna!l being torn. The out "nimiiiT uevioeu ine accident was Puritan's fault, and Informed Sir Itlchard he could will over the course alone and claim the cup. But he was after a real race, and true snortman that he was, he declined to accept the gift. Turltan won both nuvs. the last by only one minute and thirty-eight seconds, and still the trophy remained in the possesion of the New York Yacht Club. The Urttalns redoubled their efforts, and quadrupled their expenditures In getting the very best of everything f.r their yachts, but all to no purine. The. next victim was t.Mit.nant W. ft. lienn of the royal navy, who came with Galatea in 1SS8, Hurir.-ss produc ing Mayflower aa tho American repre sentauvo. .Maynower was a center- board sloop, built at the personal ex pense of General Charles J. Paine of Boston, and not constructed by a syn dicate, as some of the previous yachts had been. Mayflower took both the f rst two races handily. Then came the first challenge from a Scotch yachting organ I xat Ion. In the fall of 1SS8 the Royal Clyde Tacht Club notified the New York Yacht Club that It would send the Scotch cutter Thistle as Its representative to compote the next yr for the cup. The Thistle waa a ateel cutter. She had as an opponent the Volunteer, another Burgess product. Though the Thistle waa found to be eighteen Inches longer on the load water line than had been specified In the condl lions for the race, the cup committee waived the point and the races were sailed between the two fastest yachts America and Britain had up to that time built. Volunteer showed wonder ful speed and defeated her rival by nineteen minutes and twenty-three and three-fourths seconds in the first race, and by eleven minutes and forty-eight and three-fourths seconds In the sec ond. Lord Dunraven, commodore of the Castle Yacht Club at Calshot Castle, challenged in the winter of 1892, and the New York Yacht Club Immediately took up the gage. Wealthy New Yorker determined the cup should re main and formed Itwo separate syndi cates, and General Payne of Boston volunteered to have a yacht built at his cwn expense. Then a Boston syn dicate waa formed to build a yacht, making four In all, and the yachts Vig ilant, JuMlee, Pilgrim and Colonla were the results. In the trial races the Vigilant demonstrated her superiority and waa chosen defender. The Val kyrie proved a worthy yacht, but she was not the craft to defeat the Vigi lant and the Vigilant won ithe three races, Dunraven having stipulated that the best three in five should decide. Dunraven wished to contest for the cup again, and had a new yacht, Val kyrie III., built and came over again in lt95. The Defender, a magnificent yacht wis built by the Americans. On the first race the Defender won rather easily by eight minutes, forty nine seconds, but In the second by only forty-nine seconds. On this race the course waa crowded with pleasure craft boats and Dunraven JJlia lRY iui trophy in the eyes of American claimed that he was hampered by this yathtmc-n, remained In possession ofj the New York Yacht Club. Then In jamea Ashbury, representing the Royal Thames Yacht Club, challenged f r his fine keel schooner Cambria. The race, August S, 1870, over the course of the New York Yacht Club, was upon conditions similar to those under which the cup had been won originally, the Cambria sailing against the whole club fleet, twe-nty-two strong, seven keel and fifteen cen'.erboard schooners. Majflc, centerboard, wag first, Cambria coming In tenth. This was the only fleet. lie refused to continue thie rac-a and took passage Immediately for England, claiming that he could so Influence mattfcTS In England thait there would never be another challenge by an Englishman for the American cup. But Plr Thomas Llpton's challenge came, and onco more the saltwater yochtmen are on the qui vlve of ex pectancy. Well knowing that Sir Thomas would spare neither pains nor money to have the very highest type of craft constructed, patriotic men who had America's yachting interests at CURES Nervousness, Debility; Strengthens and Tones . , v t I I .1 tho System; Purifies the Blood. Mm. Mury M. Myera tMS inort', Ohio, wrilo "I miflVrod fur 'i;!it ytnw with nrrvou ro tnitioll iiml tho gclHTuI tlfhility I'imituoii to women, ami luul mich pnins in my lnck tlint I coull not gi t nroitiul thr Iiou e, I used !viiiil ri'incilies utul conmiltod m'VituI of tin ImM h ninnns without ol.tiiiiiing nny ivliof I'liiiic'st'i hry (mijoiiiul restored lilt U lll'llltll, "I uImi want toniy to nil moth' tr.s that I'ainc's (Vhry I'otiijtiniinl it u ili itiliil mi.licino fur their chiMreii." WOMEN The organs of the infciire their healthy risk ' Ail expend great nerve energy, body need vigorous nerves to action. Suffering of acute nervousness is caused by weak, inflamed nerves. The body soon becomes debilitated when the nerves are weakened. Paine's Celery Compound will nourish and reinforce the nerve fibres. with the product of the Britain. W. fuller Duncan, managing owner of the DefendvT, hag expended a consid erable sum In the fitting up of the Defender, though at no time has It been a-'rlously thought that the Co lumbia would not be the yacht to con test against the Shamrock. From the description of the two yachts so far obtained, no two cup yachts have ever been so near one another In design and d. Rails of con struction. In length, in g.norul ap pearance of hull and in equipment, the designers, Fife of the Shamrock and Nat" Hereshoff of the Columbia, have had very similar Ideas. Columbia, Defender and Shamrock resemble one another very closuly, and experienced yaehtmen say the battle off Sandy Hook will be largely a battle ba'.ween holmsmen and crews. Ruth the Shamrock and Columbia are built with great regard for economy of weight. Fife consulted tho Thor neycrof'B, the torpedo boat men, when constructing the Shamrock, and when told by them that he could save a ton by laying a light metal deck, Instead of the ordinary wooden one, he fell In with the Idea at once, and so the deck Is simply a thin sheet, covered over with tarred canvass, so that the crew will not slip, however rough the weath er. The lower masts on Dotn cnauengcr and defender, are made of thoroughly tested steel plates. Though Sir Thomas Is an Irishman, and his steam yacht la called tho Erin and hla challenger tho Shamrock, yet there Is little in the yacht to suggest Ireland, except her green painted top- sides. His searoh for an Irish design er was In vain; his request to Har land & Wolff, builders of large ocean (Continued on Pago Seven.) BEECHArJS rMJ gOurlndltmtlon, amm m J oonmtipmmn. BEmBmU Blok HmmilmolU. 10 cents an! 25 etnts, at all drug stores. race In which a challenging yacht was heart, and who wanted to defend the pitted against more than one yacht. cun as Not disheartened, Mr. Ashbury next a new best they might, decided that yajht should be built. Chief year sent over Livonia, a keel Bchoon- among these men were J. Plerpont er, and Columbia, a pretty schooner, Morgan and C. Oliver Iselin. It was wag selected to represent the defense. ' decided that tho Defender, which had Columbia won the first two rates, lost' done such yeoman service, should b the third, and the cup committee sub-' retained as a trial horse.and If they new stltuted Sappoh, two. which won the next creation should prove less speedy the Defender would again enter the lists H.F.PraelTransferCo. wsz-r.. Telephone 23. GRAYING AND EXPRESSING All Coods Shipped 10 Our Car W1U Rc!t. Special Atttnttoa. He. US Doana St., Ajb.rU. Or. W. J. COOK, Kgt. Urn. 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