Ashland tidings. (Ashland, Or.) 1876-1919, October 19, 1916, Page PAGE SIX, Image 6

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    Thursday, October 19, 1M
History of Motion Picture Industry
... n Mirhmlmna
By Beatrin Michlna
... r
In very sci
entific phras
eology the
principle, by
virtue of
which the art
ists saw Occi
d e n t in mo
tion during
the shuffling
of the photo
graphs, was
which means
"visual persistency
tiint from tho time ha lifted a boo
until he had again planted
enough pictures were secured
him. while doing It, that when they
were seen one after another in rapid
succession, the very small variation
of the leg's position, as registered hy
each photograph and the one next
following, deluded the spectator into
believing he had seen the entire step
taken in one continuous and .unbrok
en movement.
The idea itself, Involved in the
nrinclnle. was not a new one. In
i .
fact, it 1ft much older than photog
raphy. Long before there was a
camera, or any of Its kindred de
vices, the possibilities of "visual per
sistency" were recognized and, In a
measure, employed through making
n series of drawings of some sub
ject, with a minute and gradual va
riation of position as they followed
each other In the series. The ani
mated cartoons of today are made In
the same general manner.
What the photographs, taken with
Muyhrldge's row of cameras, really
did was to bring together two old
principles and open up to them new
and vastly enlarged possibilities.
From this chance union of "visual
persistency" and photography was to
lie born the entire motion picture
Industry in all Its astounding im
mensity and multltudlnously diverse
As I have said, the first thing
necessary to gather any practical or
commercial possibilities from the
Idea that has beon uncovered to the
world, was to devise one camera that
would do the work of Muyhrldge's
many. The principle on which such
ft camera would have to be devel
oped was obvious. It was a ques
tion of exposing one plate, removing
It and petting another before the
lens In time for the next picture,
end before the subject had too far
Advanced from the position regis
tered In the preceding photograph.
When we see how simply the
tiling Is done today, we may be In
clined to wonder at the length of
time and the inestimable labor that
were necessary to Its perfection. As
ti matter of fact, it was the working
out of those devices which most pro
nouncedly contributed to the sim
plicity of motion picture photogra
phy now, that occasioned the long
research, experiments and courage
ous struggles of earlier explorers In
the field.
As the thing is now done, there is
a long, thin, ribbon-like coll of sens-
atlzed celluloid film, which unrolls,
to the turning of a crank, from one
pitch dark box or magizlne Into an
other, passing in transit before the
camera's lens, which closes and
shuts sixteen times each second
(provided, of course, the cameraman
turns his crank at regulatlonlspeed).
By an automatic arrangement this
celluloid film makes its trip from
the "unexposed' magazine Into the
"exposed" magazine in intermittent
but almost Imperceptible jerks. Af
ter each jerk there is the briefest
kind of stop just long enough to
allow the tiny section of celluloid
then iu front of the lens to be ex
posed. Then the shutter closes the
lens, the exposed section moves on
into the dark, and, almost more
quickly than thought, the lens is
again open to expose the tiny sec
tion of film Immediately to the pre
ceding section's rear. When the roll
of celluloid Is taken finally from the
"exposed" magazine and developed
in the dark room, the result is a
strip of innumerable little photo
graphic negatives, one joining Imme
diately behind the other and running
the full length of the celluloid rib
bon. There are sixteen pictures to
each foot of this length and all six
teen have been taken in a second's
In its more essential features, that
Is all there Is to it. Given the cellu
loid film, the lens and a few tools,
anyone, with the average American
boy's ingenuity, could put together
a camera that could make at least
passable shift at getting a picture in
But what would the motion pic
ture manufacturer of today do if
there were no celluloid film? Here
then looms up a big difficulty. It
was one of the many that confront
ed the pioneers that first began to
labor and experiment with the idea
engendered by Muyhrldge's photo
graphs. There was no celluloid
film; everything then known about
photography and the chemicals nec
essary to sensitizing plates made
such a thing seem absolutely impos
sible. The first manufacturer of mo
tion picture cameras had to rely on
heavy and unwieldly glass plates.
(To be continued In next issue.)
2 j?'
' if ''"'
V ' i ' '' -I
E, W, Wilson
, No. 60 on Ballot
As deputy in charge of the Sher
iff's office during the last two ad- :
ministrations I have acquired the ex-1
perience and ability so essential to'
the economical and businesslike con-!
duct of this highly important office, j
1 promise if elected to rigidly enforce
all laws ii nd to do all in my power to '
bring violators to justice. 1 am fully 1
conversant with the duties and re-
Belleview Notes
(By the Language Classes of Belle
view School.)
Mr, and Mrs. koon, who have
been visiting at Professor, Joy's, de
parted Thursday for Corvallls. Mr.
Koon is a brother of Mrs. Joy and
lives in Oklahoma, but has come to
Oregon with an Idea of settling
Mrs. L. E. Owifigs and children
spent tie vacation period of last
week at Phoenix.
Several people of this community
have made trips to Hornbrook to get
salmon at the hatchery.
Charles Homes took some Sudan
grass to the thresher last week.
The Joy children entertained
their cousin at the picture show last
week. i
Mr. and Mrs. Sam King visited at
Mr. Jenson's Sunday evening.
We are glad to report Glenn
Fanner back In school after several
days' absence.
Mrs. Kelts and daughter Nellie
visited tho Beagles Sunday.
Belleview Sunday school continues
with a good attendance.
The Parent-Teacher Circle la for
tunate in securing our representa
tive, Miss Towne, for the meeting
Friday evening this week. She will
discuss community meetings, school
legislation and some of the Impor
tant measures to be voted on at the
coming election.
Mr. Dozier and Mr. Howard visit
ed at Sara King's Sunday.
Mr. Davis is helping Mr. Andrews
' WW
LilOe Girls
School Girls
All little girls under 14
years ol age
Here Is news lor yon.
Kb We will give free -(be
IIHIe "Wedacwood" Junior
raufjc pictured below, (o
theimic girl under 14 years
ol age who makes Ibe great
est number of English
words out of Ibe letters lu
Hie ivords, "IVedgewood
Stoves and Ranges."
Here is the Range
quirements of the office, and will . PRK appies.
maintain it in its present efficient ! Mrs. York had the misfortune to
Seven Hundred
Elks Eat Venison
Seven hundred Elks and their
families trom all over the valley par
took of the venison feed set before
them by the Medford Elks at Bybee
bridge Sunday. A number of Ash
land Elks attended and report a fine
time. Sixty gallons of mulligan, one
bear, ten bucks and 150 gallons ol
cider were consumed.
condition. During the past three
years many important changes have .
been inaugurated lu the handling of j
tax collections; the work has been so I
systematized that the employment of j
only one extra deputy was necessary I
In the collection of the second in-1
stallment of taxes.
All delinquent taxes for the past ;
six years have been carried forward j
to the last tax roll, and a ready ab
stract of taxes is to be had on any
property in tho county by reference ,
to the current tax roll.
During all this time all moneys
coming Into the office have been ac-'
counted for, as can readily be seen j
by reports f expert accountants now
on file with the County Clerk. .
These results have been obtained j
by experience and closo application
to work. I believe that my labors as
Deputy Sheriff during the past four j
years will merit your further approv" '
al by according mo your support In !
the election of November 7, 1916.
Kespectfully submitted,
(Paid advertisement.)
Watch for Bands
On Wild Duck
Under the federal aid road act,
within the next five years $160,
000,000 will be spent by federal and
state governments in Improving rural
(mm mmemfs
, ,.rn-, !. .. . & ln .mi'rSTjrrrn'vr" 1 "
f ' - - -inim ' rf'm f '7 r-)"T "-
fall last week, cutting quite a place
in her forehead. It was necessary!
to have the doctor, who took several
stitches In the wound.
The following boys held a picnic
Sunday: Floyd and Ollls Phelps,
Clarence Homes and Roland York.
Mr. Roage had Mr. Phelps cut his
hair Sunday. Winter will now set
Lillle Phelps has been out of
school three days on account of sick
ness. She is back now.
Mr. Hawley Is In California. The
Phelps boys are tending his chores
while he Is away.
Maude York fell off the porch
Sunday, sustaining a few bruises.
Mrs. Beagle and daughter Capl
tola called on Mrs. Kelts Wednes
day. Bernice Kelts returned home
with them.
Capitola Beacle spent Sunday af
ternoon and night with Alice Ager
in town.
j Jimmie Howard of Hornbrook
j spent several days with the Beagle
I boys last week.
Mrs. C. R. Moore visited at W. L.
Moore's Saturday.
J. W. Farmer and son Ivan left I
I Sunday evening for the Songer hill, I
where they expect to do road work.
A. D. Moore pnd family, Roy and
I John Drake and William Oden went
, for an outing to Jenny creek.
Mr. and Mrs. Taber and daughter
j Gwendolyn spent Sunday at A. D.
i Moore's.
f Mrs. Fred Miller is visiting her
I mother, Mrs. I. C. Moore. She ex
jpects to leave for St. Paul, Minn.,
this week.
1 1
to some little girl.
It's a beauty see tt In oar show
CONSfflOKS: Come to our store
nnd rcsSsttr your name. IVe will
give you a H'.V.c circular tbat tells you al! about thz eon
test and wbat you will bave to do to win.
It tvIJJ be great !un lor you. And the best oi It Is you
can bave all belp you can get.
Ii'h a 4andy prize. See It In our show window. Hurry,
liurt-y, Only S3 Days.
For full particulars lea
Ashland Furniture Co.
92-94 N. Main St. Wick (E, SmitH
Hughes' Vision
Of America
If you kill or capture a wild duck
bearing an aluminum band around
one leg. Having a numoer on one
aide, and on the other a statement
requesting that the U. S. Department
of Agriculture or the Biological Sur
vey be notified, you are requested to
send this band at once to the Bureau
of Biological Survey, U. S. Depart
ment of Agriculture, Washington, D.
C. This band, if accompanied by a
statement as to date, place and cir
cumstances under which the bird was
taken, will be of service to the Sur-
vey III i. m:tc,iu a0 tuc j prevalIing COnditionS(
longevity ui luutvuiuui uuuua tiuu
the routes of migration of the spe
cies. The bands are being attached j
to considerable numbers of wild
duck of several species which have J
been cured of the duck sickness prev
alent around the Great Salt Lake,
Utah, and there released. The de
partment is particularly anxious to
secure reports from these birds to
determine their complete recovery
from this malady, which has killed
hundreds of thousands of ducks in
"I have a great vision, my fellow
citizen, of America for the future.
It is not an America torn , by disor
ders; it is not an America ruled now
by this force, now by that force; it is
not an America given over to civil
war; it Is not an America where pub
lic offico is merely ruled for advan
tage. It is an America efficient; it
Is an America prepared; it Is an
America maintaining the rights of
American people on the land and sea,
without fear or favor, throughout
the world; It Is an America that has
no secret understandings, no covert
intrigues; it is an America with no j
unstated purposes; It is an America !
standing four-squaro toward all na-
tlons, firm and prepared, intent on '
peace and demanding its just rights ,
be recognized as to lives, property
and commerce.
"The America that I see in the
future is an America that knows how
to manage Its great activities with
out being wasteful and extravagant.
It Is an America that knows how to
spend public moneys honestly as well
operations. It Is an America where
all the people abandon class antogo
nlsms though having their necessary
differences which they peaceably ad
just. It is an America which, having
no class antagonisms, feels knit to
gether in a splendid national unity,
in one great love of country, with
one unswerving loyalty transcending
all differences of race and creed. It
Is an America first and an America
Sixty-seven state agricultural col
leges and experiment stations are
devoted to the development of agri
culture. . Their endowment,' plant,
and equipment amount to $160,009,
000. They have an income of more
than $35,000,000, with 5500 teach
ers and a resident student body of
over 75,000.
as to appropriate them. It is an
America that has patriotism in every ! JT,' LT.l't,fc12:
bureau of the administration as well
Auk ?'!! I'rnirrlKt for CHI CHHS-TER 9 A
lilA.UONU liKA.ND FILLS in Kkd adj
Gold metallic box, stiled wuh Blue(0
Kibtxin. 1'ako no omrn. Jlor of yor
DriurcUl and tk fir i ll ,. litTf.b i; V
DIAMOND nilAM PU.LH, f'Jf twc-lltT-Efe
as in any appropriation for military I
Prairie dogs can he destroyed by i
poison at a cost varying, according
from 5 to
8 cents an acre.
Work has started on a three-story
hotel at Bend.
Send 15c
in, stamps or money and I will
pend you a book of my Cowboy
Songs and Poems.
For sale at Grieves Cigar Store.
TRACY LANE iit'tfSft
Will Give Away
A Thousand Pies
Spokane, Wash., October 17. On
hundred thousand apple pies will be
given away to visitors at the ninth
National Apple Show In Spokane, No
vember 20 to 25, It Is announced by
Gordon C. Cobaley, manager of the
"Everyone entering the apple pal
ace will be given a pie hot from the
oven," states Mr. Corbaley. "We are
going to show the people that we not
only have apples good to look at, but
better to eat.
"A model kitchen is being Installed
In the apple show enclosure, and six
large ovens working night and day
will turn out pies by the mile. Our
ovens will have a capacity of 10,000
a day, and we shall commandeer a
number of restaurant ranges If the
crowds come too fast."
Golden West Coffee
is "Jest Right" K
TheSfmsible Way
for a coffee
drinker to rid him
self of the headaches,
biliousness, hekrt flutter
and other ills that often
come from coffee drink
ing is to quit coffee
and use the delicious
Instant postiM
n net.. Fmot h '"?!!?'
tana Aooifla
tar raprtac MMr fcwh
B"Ui MinMIU'llWi'l
aWJI parilam IbOM
Postum Cereal Co, Limit
hi Cmt, mtA,v. . -
flkJia. ' JV
1 and use the delicious -m
, pure food drink a
V Instant Postto
" There's a Reason "
v- At Grocers