Lincoln County leader. (Toledo, Lincoln County, Or.) 1893-1987, April 22, 1910, Image 6

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topics or
the Times
The oeef trust didn't order the roast
It ia getting.
A weather prophet is pretty well sat
isfied If he comes close to hitting the
The wife of the trading stamp king
bas been given an absolute divorce,
without trading stamps.
Perhaps Dr. Cook has taken the
fcroad ground that It is useless to ar
gue after one has the money.
How large is Nicaragua? Placed on
t map of Texas it would occupy about
as much relative space as a bean on
a biscuit.
Irving Fisher, professor of political
economy at Yale, says the gold mar
ket is glutted. Have you turned away
any gold this morning?
Carrie Nation says she has declined
two offers of marriage within the past
month, which shows that she is not
necessarily severe on all men.
Peary thinks Roosevelt would he a
rood man to send out for the purpose
of discovering the south pole. "No, the
tormer President has too many friends.
The price of diamonds is advan
cing. We understand that this is due
to the fact that so many farmers are
refusing to have any but diamond
studded automobiles.
Flint, Mich., is now on the map in
large letters. Its postal receipts show
a larger increase than any other city
in the United States, Its closest com
petitor heing Seattle.
A Jury has decided that after a trav
eler has paid his hotel bill the land
lord cannot be held responsible for bag
gage that may have been stolen. Don't
pay till you are ready to depart.
Louis Paulhan, the French aviator,
tas attained a height of 4,000 feet
with his aeroplane. Why this eager
ness to go so high? The damage would
probably be Just as great if one fell a
mere 2,000 feet.
Speaking from experience, a Chica
go drummer, who has been on the road
for twenty-two years, says anybody can
sell goods everybody wants, but it
takes a real salesman to dispose of
something' that everybody ought to
More than 7,000 people residing upon
Paris street have petitioned that its
name be changed. Since the sixteenth
century it has been known as the Rue
des Mauvais-Garcons Bad Boys
street and whether the name no
longer fits, or fits too well, Is not made
plain in the petition.
Careful search of ' the Prussian
archives fails to produce any proof
that Frederick the Great ever present
ed to George Washington a sword with
a complimentary Inscription concern
ing the eldest general In the world and
, the greatest. The tradition is a ven
erable one almost as venerable and
apparently as untrustworthy as that
of the famous hatchet.
The rapid tendency of the times at
the present period Is toward centrali
zation of power In all forms of polit
ical, commercial and social life. How
long this tendency will maintain Is a
Question. In former epochs there has
been manifested the same force among
mankind, inevitably followed by disso
lution, dispersion, division and then,
again, the renewal of the power of
Boston has lately held an exhibition
devoted to the future a display of
what the city is now and what It is
hoped to make It In 1915. One of the
most notable portions of it was con
tributed by the churches. Catholics,
Protectants and Jews worked together
in the production of It, and those who
question the vitality of the Christian
religion in present times found there
in an answer to their queries. The ex
hibit Included a model of the tent sys
tem of treating tuberculosis, maintain
ed by Emmanuel Church, the Salvation
Army rescue work, the looms of the
Morgan Memorial, methods of reliev
ing conditions in the slums, the his
tory of the development of charities
and educational work carried on by
churches. The most vigorous critics
of the churches, unfortunately, do not
attend church services, and therefore
do not know how eminently practical
is a great deal of the work which
religious organizations are now doing.
Will the Bird-Man drive the birds
from their kingdom of the air? It is
reported from France that wherever
the aeroplane soared, there occurred
an exodus of feathered life. Wild
ducks, discovering the huge Bird-Men,
manifested terror and disappeared
from the region. The possibility tat
wild fowl will grow accustomed to
aeroplanes as do horses to motorcars,
may be dismissed. They do not grow
accustomed to eagles and hawks. Nor
will they see aeroplanes every day, as
horses do motorcars, since wild fowl
cross the temperate zone only in their
annual migrations. Nor can it be ex
pected that bird-intelligence ever will
learn that aeroplanes and airships are
machines. Whale and shark fight
boats on the surface of the water, and
if submersibles become numerous, per
haps there will he more encounters in
the deeps. Nothing whatever has suf
ficed to modify the routes of the birds
in their migrations south and north.
Traps and guns have not changed
those flights. They continue, until the
species is exterminated. But will not
aerial navies, when they become nu
merous, chase the songsters and the
wild fowl from the sky? As observed,
the appearances of the aeroplanes
alarm bird-life as nothing else done by
man ever did. If a duck, hit by shot,
drops from the flock, that Is an acci
dent of life, the duck intelligence con
siders. But the advent of a creature
with the wings of a dragon the duck
holds to be a supernatural and devilish
event. Will our skies be depopulated
by flying machines? Is man to have
the kingdom of the air to himself, as
he ha3 that of the land?
Our grandmothers could have .re
lated the biography of every garment
they habitually wore. From the stock-
luBa kuUlcd ly their own hands to
the homespun' from their own looms,
or the silk gown made up by the vis
iting seamstress, each piece of cloth
ing had Its own domestic history. To
day all that Is changed. Scarcely any
farmers wife could Elve account of
her various garments. Where were her
stockings woven or her corsets
stitched? In what garret were the
buttons sewed on her percale wrapper?
In what great factory was her shirt
waist cut out? In what distant city
was the machinery which shaped her
shoes? What New York tailor deter
mined the lines of her serviceable
ready-made suit?, These questions and
a score of similar ones would be posers
lor the average woman the country
over. Since women have escaped re
sponsibility for the making of many
of the family garments, they .have
ceased to be interested workers on
those garments. These have become
mere impersonal "hands," and their
weariness or hunger or cold, their in
sufficient wages or unhealthful condi
tions, are too remote for the imagina
tion to deal with. But the conscien
tious woman Is beginning to realize
that her own ease must not be pur
chased by indifference to another's
pain. She must find new ways to es
tablish the personal sympathy between
worker and buyer which ought to be
one of the most fundamental and help
ful of human relations. Unless she
does so, some truth-telling poet will
fling out another scathing arraignment
which, like Hood's "Song of the Shirt,"
shall fbuse the reader to the misery
of the underpaid and overworked, by
the toll of whose fingers we to-day are
comfortably clothed.
A cash register that announces the
amount of a sale in human voice, as
well as registering the figures, has
been devised by a Minnesota inventor.
When the keys are touched for a sale
of, say, 1.65, certain phonographic
reproducers are released and the ma
chine sings out, "One-slx-flve." Such
expressions as "Thank you," or "I
think you will find these goods satis
factory," may be added to the an
nouncement of the sale. Popular Mechanics.
Fairy Literature.
"Father," said Little Rollo, "what is
a prospectus?"
"The kind I am mostly acquainted
with, my son, Is the sort of fairy tale
adapted to the tastes of adults instead
of children."
A nrnte, Indeed.
"He's a brute!"
"What's he been doing now?"
"I threatened to leave him, and he
told me he would button my gown up
the back if I would hurry "
When he is feeling tough, anyway,
and the assessor raises his tax valua
tion, a man can be about the moat dla
aareeahla thin on earth.
A Poat Driver.
A homemade arrangement for driv
es piles or posta is shown in the
iketch. I consider a post driver one
f the most useful Implements that I
have on the farm, writes J. L. Ma
somber in Farm and Home. This de
vice is of very simple construction, and
aside from the few pieces of iron, pul
leys and the rope, any farmer can
make It at home.
The runners, a, are 9 ft. iong, made
of good solid oak 6x4 in. thick. The
1 Tlt""
Sit' 9
trosspieces, b, are of 4x4 oak, placed
about 8 ft. apart. Firm braces, c, of
2x6 scantling, will strengthen . the
frame. The uprights," d, are 14 or 18
ft. long, as desired, of 4x4 oak. The
braces, e, may be 2x4. For the weight,
f, a wooden block may be used, which
Is either square or round. It should
be about 18 Inches In diameter and 2 Mi
ft. lODg, of solid oak or hickory. Some
wood that will not split readily Is best.
Grooves should be made In the side
of the weight to take In the full width
of the uprights. It is a good plan to
bore an inch hole through the rear
end of each runner, through which
a peg may be driven to hold the de-
the roaaer and the other with proper
leverage. A rope or a chain attached
to the short end of pole is thrown
around the shock about half way up,
and a fork handle thrust through
above it so it will stay there and the
whole shock Is lifted on the rack.
Farm and Home.
Small Farms.
The farm unit is gradually becom
ing smaller with the advance In the
price of land. A well known real es
tate agent in a certain locality told us
recently that he had ten times as
many calls for 40 acres as for 160 acre
farms. The small farm is the best
farm, all things considered, and peo
ple are gradually coming to realize it
and to look for small farms when pur
chasing. The farmer of to-day is be
ginning to learn that it is better to
tramp over less ground and grow more
to the acre. The taxes and fences on
a large farm sometimes amount to
more than the crops. There is great
economy in all lines In the cultivation
and management of a small farm.
When the farmer knows that he has
but a few acres to plant to corn, or
any other crop he will use better seed,
fertilize more heavily and cultivate
better. If he grows -seventy to eighty
bushels to the acre, say on ten acres,
he is much better off than the larger
farmer who cultivates twice as much
and gets only thirty to forty bushels
of corn to the acre. Chicago Weekly
Inter Ocean.
Nutriment In Dry Fodder.
The Indiana agricultural experiment
station has shown that dry fodder
loses 25 to 85 per cent of Its nutrition
as compared with corn silage In feed
ing. That ought to commend the
silage method of saving the corn fod
der to any one. If one was losing that
large a percentage in handling his
wheat, corn or other cereals he would
certainly change his methods to-something
better when shown to him. This
Is the plain truth about fodder and
corn silage, and such facts ought to
make any one feeding live stock take
Selecting; Laying; Hens.
Not enough Importance is usually
attached to the selection of laying
hens. They must be properly cared
for, If they are to lay well during
both winter and summer. Houses must
be kept sanitary and the fowls free
from vermin. Care must be exercised
to' avoid their being chased by dogs
1 I I I
1 ljl'1
The accompanying plan is a very convenient stable arrangement and
economical of room. Rolling doors aro shown on almost all the openings,
but swing doors can be substituted If desired. Corrugated iron Is recom
mended for the roof, as' the wood covering to which roofing is attached may
be only lMtx3 inch strips spaced 20 to 24 Inches on centers. About forty
one squares will cover roof and to give nicely proportioned building the
rafters exclusive of projections should be the same length on both roofs
and the Blope of the lower should be 56 degrees from the horizontal, while
that of the upper will be 14 degrees. To frame and inclose barn alone
would cost about $200.
vice In position while the post 16 be
ing driven.
The working of this device la simple.
The weight is drawn up by horses
hitched to the end of a rope, and when
It arrives at the top of the uprights it
Is released by the hook, 2, striking the
block, 1, unhooking It from the rin,
3, which is attached to the driver
block. Four or Ave blows will usually
drive a pointed post to the required
depth. Two men and a team will drive
one-half to three-quarters of a mile of
posts In a day. The cost of such an
mplement Is about $5, and will pay
'or Itself In a short time.
Swing for Loading; Fodder.
There are a large number of contri
vances made for loading shock fodder
onto a wagon, some better than others.
The illustration herewith shown is one
that Is In use In some localities where
a good deal of fodder Is cut up. The
rear laduer Is substituted wlta a stout
post, well anchored to the rack, on
top of which - is a pole so adjusted as
to be able to reach out to one side for
or other animals, or unnecessarily
frightened. Poultry houses must be
well ventilated, and one or more win
dows should be opened every bright
day, so that the house will not become
warm during the day and grow cold
again at night
Clover for Hay,
Why not grow clover? It is one of
the best hay crops grown on America
farms. It usually succeeds best with
a nurse crop of wheat, oats or rye. If
your land Is too sour for clover the
wheat or "rye field can be limed and
manured this winter, and the seed
sown in early spring. If the clover is
to be sown with oats the stalk field
or other piece of land can be treated
in a similar manner.
Farm Notes.
Pile potting soil In the sun to sweet
en, "turning often.
Proper feed and care is the secret
of healthy chickens.
Transplant shrubs and vines as soon
as the foliage ripens.
Remove all dead stalks and dried
leaves from the flower beds.
A ration of wheat and corn is bene
ficial to the fattening turkeys.
Do not feed poultry too much bar
ley. A little will go a-long way.
It is a great mistake to mark a hog
by mutilating Its ears. Butter use a
metal tag'
It is a hard matter to overfeed the
pullets at this time, for the extra nu
trition is put into eggs.
Tbe idea of perfect comfort should
predominate in every building that la
constructed for the hoes.
The feathers of the wild ostrich are
superior to those from farm birds.
The cranking of an automobile may
now be done from the chauffeur's seat.
One of the first telephone exchanges
In this country was opened in New
Haven in 1878.
The maximum wage of brakemen
on English railways has just been
fixed at $7.78 a week.
Peanut cake seems to be supplant
ing cotton seed cake as the preferred
food 'for Swedish cattle.
Vacuum suction combs are now in
use in stables to curry horses. An
electrically driven fan produces the
necessary vacuum.
In Liberia coffee trees attain a
height of more than twenty feet. The
price of the product is 8 and 9 cents
a pound at the plantation.
. The wireless apparatus on the Cu
nard liner Caronla is the most power
ful of any in steamship service, hav
ing a radius of 1,200 miles.
A new windmill apparatus for gen
erating electricity for farm use has
been perfected in England. A storage
battery supplies the current when the
wind is not blowing.
At. one of the most important gro
ceries in Hamburg they think they
are doinir well to dispose of thirty
to forty pounds a month of sweet po
tatoes to resident Americans.
That people will eat elephant meat
with a relish has been proved by
butcher in Frankfort-on-the-Maln, to
his own profit and without the knowl
edge of his customers. This enter
prising tradesman learned that a vi
cious elephant was to be killed and
made a bargain for the carcass. With
in a few days that elephant was trans
formed into 3,800 pounds of sausage
meat and every pound was disposed of
at a good price.
It was a year ago that the London
post office directory contained for the
first time among the list of trades
"aeroplane manufacturers." There was
only one then, but now six are enu
merated under that heading. Subsid
iary trades are springing up. Two
firms announce themselves as aero
plane engine manufacturers, two are
aeroplane fabric makers and there Is
one propeller maker, as well as a
provider of "aeroplane timber and
Whltefleld, one of the founders of
Methodism, who died in 1770, was a
strenuous preacher. His usual pro
gram was forty hours' solid speaking
each, week, and this to congregations
measured In thousands, but he often
spoke sixty hours a week. This was
not all. For "after his labors, instead
of taking rest, he was engaged In of
fering up prayers and Intercessions or
in singing hymns, as his manner was,
in every house to which he was in
vited." Ia a woman ever Justified in pol
sonlng her husband? The question is
suggested by a recent incident 'In
Servia. Sara Chumitch seems to have
had an undesirable husband, for he
was a notorious and implacable usurer.
At the moment when he was about to
ruin several families who were in
debt his wife intervened and poisoned
him. Next day she received a letter
of gratitude, signed by hundreds of
citizens. She waa acquitted by the
Jury and left the court amid cheering
Says the Pekin and Tien-Tsln Times:
"A novel sort of crime was discov
ered by the Tien-Tsln police when a
portly native was arrested and asked
to explain his embonpoint. He had a
thieves' bag around his waist, filled
with dead cats to the number of seven,
One of them, a very fine specimen of
the tortoise shell, was still quite warm.
In a smaller' bag was found the lure;
It consisted of bits of dried fish treated
with some deadly .poison. The man
was sent up to the yamen, where he
received thirty blows and one month's
Ernesto Nathan, Mayor of Rome,
who declined on several occasions to
accept a decoration from King Victor
Emmanuel, was finally forced by a
clever ruse on the part of the king
to take the grand cross of the crown
of Italy. Nathan was making a call
at the Quirinal, and when about to
depart was asked to take from the
queen a little parcel to his wife. The
box contained the decoration, which
the mayor was compelled to accept,
and by virtue of which he became a
member of the small fraternity of
which his sovereign is the head.
Although the use of telephones in
mines Is not of recent origin, the ad
vantages are, perhaps, hardly really
appreciated until they have once been
tried. Probably at no time in the his
tory of mining has there been a great
er demonstration of the great need of
telephones In mines than at the Cher
ry coal mine disaster. How many more
lives could have been saved bad the
mine been fully equipped with tele
phones Is entirely problematical, but '
It is certain that the number would
have been greater had opportunity
been afforded for communication be
tween the rescuers and the entombed
men. Philadelphia Record