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About Lincoln County leader. (Toledo, Lincoln County, Or.) 1893-1987 | View This Issue
LINCOLN GQDITY LEADER
B C COLLINS, Edfcar
f N KAYDCN, Manager
Advice Is one thine we never have
to advertise for.
RaT the people who reamed tor
an old-fashioned winter any complaint
Lore laughs at locksmiths, bat the
other trades people are not ao much
cf a joke.
Some Investigator has discovered
that llmburger cheese will cure can
cer. Pass the cancer.
Doctor may say what they please
about the "bacteria In a handshake."
The handshake is here to stay.
Zelaya says he had a good excuse
for shooting two Americans. Like
wise he bad a good bead on them.
When a fellow feels like throwing
himself down and worshipping a girl,
be should wait ' She will probably
throw him down herself.
The Belgian royal family will mourn
year for King Leopold, but most of
the mourners will probably insist on
having an eight-hour day. -
It will the cw Hr." of Bel
gium a long time to accumulate as
Tolumlnous and variegated a record
as that of his predecessor.
An Indiana judge has decided that
a mule is a horse. That settles It for
the mule. It can no longer hope to
become an automobile or an aeroplane.
Perhaps, after all, James J. Hill Is
wrong. There may be no danger of
ti starving to death while Mr. Wilson
Is at the head of the agricultural department.
The Chicago man who has settled
115,000 a year on his wife and daugh
ter as pin money has set an example
that most married men will promptly
decline to follow.
The Argentine Republic pants for
war with Bolivia, and Bolivia pants
for war with Argentine Republic This
pair of pants constitutes the latest
thing in International breaches.
While it Is pleasing to be assured of
the blamelessness of Mrs. O'Leary's
cow, it Is disconcerting to learn that
Chicago's great fire was caused by the
spontaneous combustion of green hay.
One of Horace Greeley's old com
positors has bobbed up to say that
Horace's handwriting was easier to
read than that of some others. Isn't
that a knock at Greeley after all these
ears of fame?
A St Louis man has been sentenced
to serve two years in prison because
be took another's automobile for the
purpose of indulging in a joy ride. It
Is thus made to appear that the joy
rider is not above the law, after all.
Much has been written about Hor
ace's Sabine farm, but according to
as archeologUt who thinks he has dis
covered the site of it the Roman poet
did his farming on two acres. He
raised there neither potatoes nor mel
ees, but cultivated the muses, and
made the farm yield a crop that Is
still In a good state of preservation.
Only one merchant vessel flying the
American flag passed through the Suez
Canal last year; but according to the
report of the United States consul at
Cairo, two hundred and thirteen ves
sels of other countries passed through
on voyages from American porta, and
a hundred and ninety-two bound for
American ports. The greatest num
ber of vessels passing through were
British, the next greatest were Ger
man, and the Dutch came third. Some
day American ships will carry the
A city can be great without being
big, and If one-half of the energy ex
pended by chambers of commerce and
boards of trade In booming their cit
ies were devoted to bettering them the
results would be more satisfactory,
even from a business standpoint
There are already a number of rela
tively or actually small American cit
ies to which people of means are mov
ing by choice because they are desir
able places to live In or in which to
bring up children. Civic virtue is be
coming an asset that the shrewd busi
ness man will not long overlook.
A new national association has been
organised for the study and preven
tion of infant mortality. Its formation
Is the outcome of a conference in New
Haven, at which were present about
two hundred delegates, most of whom
are either physicians or persons con
beoted with charitable or philanthropic
enterprises, in all ages and all erj
lllzatlons the number of children who
died during their early years has been
appalling. Although the rate of In
fant mortality is lower now than it
was formerly, the lessened evil makec
a deeper Impression upon the public
conscience. The New Haven confer
ence brought together specialists in
infant nutrition, officials engaged in
administering depots for the distribu
tion of pure milk, nurses employed in
the house-to-house teaching 6t hy
Klene for mothers. suDerintendentn of Tfc miklaa; Shed.
hospitals and children's homes, man A plan tnat & htea Proven success
agers of seaside and country resorts jfu1' not only ! tne Improvement of
and many others, each familiar with the bnt the saving of the
some corner of the field; yet the con lnanure u 10 hav separate barn or
ference was unanimous in accepting : ,h6d do mining in. This can
the fundamental principle that pov-i"6 comParatively cheap structure,
ertv is the ereat oatiae of Infant mnr-i" " woull b intended to keep the
tallty. "Where the white hearse etopi
most often, you will find the weakest
place In your municipal housekeeping,'
said the speaker. It is true, and its
eows in it only during the process of
The barn, however, should be con
itructed in a substantial and sanitary
truth comes home to every man andi7: After cows Rre mIlked they
woman in the land. The farmer whei"? turnd lnto a toomr 8ued or barn-
wuere mey remain loose and can eat
forage or lie down at will There
neglects to wash his mllkcans endan
gers the lives of children fifty mllef
away. The thoughtless pollution ol
a stream or the careless spitting or
the sidewalk may rob some mother ol
her baby. These are Individual re
sponsibllities. There are others nc
less important. To pay good wages
to keep tenement-house property In
order, to vote for men who believe lr
parks and playgrounds, clean street!
ire In this shed racks and troughs
for feeding hay and ensilage in.
In the making shed the cows are
fastened by means of rigid stanchions,
wd the feed mangers, where the con
tentrates are fed, are built high
enough to prevent the cow from ly
ing down, thus she remains clean
until the milking is done.
and pure food, is to save the etate'il!. "u'a "
m.t vn.M. i.- . "d there hull be a gutter behind
most valuable noaae&fiinn th ni ..
v. -v.,.. . . i"1' cows.
iuo cuuureu, ana no one wno negiecu
such obligations is entirely guiltless.
The idea that a school teacher shall
have the power to weed out "undeslr
able" pupils and prevent them from
having the privilege of higher eduea
tlon is spreading. Minnesota is a re
cent convert. In the high schoo's ol
that State, according to a new rule,
teachers shall decide what pupils shall
have the right to enter the Unlversitj
of Minnesota. The university authori
ties Insist upon this rule. They esti
mate that 64 per cent of the freshmen
who failed last year In university
work might have been kept from en
terlng the university . if the high
school teachers had had the right to
say in advance whether they were fit
ted for higher education. And, quot
ing the same official, "It would pro
vent two-thirds of those unfitted foi
scholastic work from wasting theii
time." Whether the time spent in
These stables should be
thomnjMjr c?ss?d otit es?h dy s"",
If possible, washed occasionally, so
that there will be as few flies as pos
ilble and no offensive odors. There
ihould be no hay or feed stored in
this barn and it should be well venti
lated, so that the air will be pure and
free from dust
This is about the most practical way
!o keep cows clean. The feeding shed,
which could and really should be the
lower floor of the main feed barn,
ihould be well ventilated and bedded,
Tor in there the cows are allowed to
run at large and the manure is allowed
to accumulate, being covered tfp each
lay with new bedding. This plan
aves absolutely all of the manure
with the least amount of handling, It
being hauled directly to the land In
the spring. Southern Agriculturist
' Method of Pulling Ktampi.
A very handy device for pulling
stumDS from old nrcharrla Anil nn
college, even by the dullest of dunces, pull 200 or more a day by this means,
Is actually wasted, is a mooted que is shown. The limbs are wt off and
tlon. While the future results of suoh thA atnmna (W. laff aa 1am. vita
a rule are entirely problematic, w
may at least venture a more or lest
prophetic guess by recalling the Judg
ment passed upon some of our illustri
ous "dunces" In history by theli
teachers. Dr. Chalmers was expelled
from the parish school as a dunce foi
whom there was no hope, and yet, not
withstanding the teacher's contrary
opinion, English literature owes him
much. Isaac Newton, who was al
ways at the bottom of his class, would
stand little chance of getting hlghet
education In Minnesota. "Dunce hi
Is and dunce he will remain," said
Professor Dalzell of Walter Scott, who
.became the most distinguished of hit
students. It was the collective opln
ion of Chas. Darwin's teachers that
duller boy had never been within th
school walls. Henry Ward Beecher
Geo. Moore, Adam Clark and lnnumer
able other historic "dunces" mutely
protest against the folly of asking th
school teacher to decide the future ol
The Clnaa Smiled.
If Jennie Jones had obeyed the
teacher's command literally, she would
have subverted the discipline of the
schoolroom far more than by her orig
inal offense. A writer In the New
York Times tells the story:
One of the girls in a Brooklyn teach
er's class was busily chewing gum, in
defiance of school law. To make her
crime the more heinous, she was sit
ting with her feet sprawled out In the
The teacher, entering the room sud
denly, was quick to call attention to
"Jennie Jones," she said,- sharply,
"take that gum out of your mouth and
put your feet In!"
sible. A short rope or chain with a
single pulley Is attached to the stump.
The anchor rope or chain with a sin
gle pulley is attached to the top of
stump (C). The anchor rope (B)
which runs through the pulley is fast-
FOB PULLING STUMPS.
Immense Ocean Ltacn.
The Olympic and Titanic, of the
White Star Line, are to be 890 feet in
length, 92 feet In beam and 64 feet
In depth. From the keel to the roof
of the pilot bouse they will have a
height of 106 feet The freeboard at
the bow will be 62 feet a height that
would seem sufficient to overtop the
spray of the largest waves.
One Idea of Ewaonf,
"What do you mean when you tell
people they ought to economize?"
I mean," said Mr. Dustln Stax,
"that ' they ought to go slow in pa
tronising most business enterprises Is
order that they may have more money
to spend with mine." Washington
There Is always something to gossip
about, even if you have to go as fat
back as Henrv ii'
ened to the bottom of a stout stumn
A pair of steady horses is attached
to the rope and always pull toward
the anchor stump. With a steady pull
there Is no Jumping or Jerking, and
they will walk right off as If pulling a
loaded wagon. Use about sixty feet"
of one-Inch rope, which costs $2.40
and the pulley $1.75, making a total
cost of $4.15.
Better Breeding- Each Time.
No line of breeding requires more
thought and study than horse breed
ing. This Is why so many fall In Dro-
duclng the highest types. One of the
essentials Ir knowing the type of sire
to Dreed the mare to. Many farmers
will, breed a light mare to a heavv
horse or the very opposite, and the re
sult la nothing tangible In the way of
Improvement. Every farmer should
know what kind of an animal he has
and be able to select a sire to breed
her to that will give an Improved off
spring. With a proper selection made
here the remainder will be easy.
It Is well to note at the outset that
no horse Is absolutely perfect. Every
animal has some defect be It large
or small. The defects In the mare
should therefore be carefully noted,
and the sire selected should be espe
daily strong in the weak points the
mare may have. It should be hardly
necessary to mention that It Is never
a good plan to cross breeds. To make
a sucenss of the business the horse
breeder muBt select one breed and
stick to it
The poultry papers are flooded with
letters asking remedies for fowl dis
eases. Many of the letters may be
icau imiwctru me iiues ana give a
story of conditions which should not
exist. Nearly all poultry ailments are
preventable If a few simple rules are
Plenty or grit Ib necessary. It may
be placed In the water, In which char
coal should be also be placed. The wa
ter must be clean, and if allowed to
accumulate, the droppings from the
fowls Is a most prolific breeder of dis
The henhouses must be well ven
tilated' and dry at all times. Drafts
and damp floors claim a heavy toll.
Impure food and soured mashes
cause inflammation and other diseases
of the digestive organs. Any chickens
showing symptoms of an unhealthy
condition should be at once Isolated
from the flock. Better care can be
given it wd the danger of infecting
other fowls is removed Farm and
Handr Barron for Winter.
I have had many a tussle in trying
to push a wheelbarrow through drifts
of snow. My pig
pen is some distance
from the other
buildings, and it Is
very . necessary to
have some sort of
conveyance for the
feed. After having
tried my patience
to the limit for sev-
tried my patience to the limit for sev
eral winters, I finally devised the
scheme shown in the cut I made a
large runner and put it on the barrow
in place of the wheel. This skips
over the snow In fine shape, and runs
fully as easy as a wheel does on solid
ground. a w. Beecher In Farm and
Another Praae Whin.
One pound of prunes, half cup of
sugar, whites of six eggs, half cup of
chopped walnuts. Boil the prunes,
drain and chop them In a wooden
bowl, add the sugar and nuts. In a
large bowl whip the whites of the
eggs until perfectly Arj, then stir the
nuts and prunes In carefully. Have
ready buttered a three-pint melon
mold, set this In a pan containing
about an Inch of water and bake In a
very moderate oven for one hour.
This will not falL
To Simplify Sugar Beet Culture.
The Department of Agriculture is
experimenting wKh a view to obtain
ing a single germ beet seed. Last
year's Investigations were successful
In increasing the percentage of the
single germ seed to 60 per cent as
compared to 26 per cent for the year
previous. By methods of selection
from single-seed plants this percent
age may be still further increased.
The ultimate establishment of a sin
gle germ beet will revolutionize sugar
beet growing, since the several sprouts
sent up by the ordinary seed, all of
which must be carefully removed by
hand, constitutes the most difficult
problem In beet raising.
Hoga for Torn Ins- Over Moner.
The hog commends itself to the
eral farmer on account of Its prolific
qualities. A sow will produce two Ut
ters of six to a dozen each ter taaf
and the farmer can turn his money
over several times with hoes while ha
Is waiting for other animals to ma
Hogs require a little more care at
times than other some animals, but
the man who likes to work with them
and Is wiling to study their needs and
give them regular tare will find them
a most profitable adjunct to the farm.
They can be turned Into money or
food as the owner chooses.
A swine breeder of exoerienca and
good Judgment says: 'The best show
pig may come from Uie smallest sow
In the herd, but it IS not safe, as a
rule, to select breeders from that class.
we want the most size in the short
est time, and we can safelv foreeo a
little of the fattening tendency, pro
vided vrtj secure In the prospective
breeder ranginess and a tendency to
growth. I don't care how good the In
dividual, if only three or four pigs
were farrowed In the litter I would
not reserve one of them for a breeder."
Cream of Chicken Glace.
This with tomato Jelly Is a most
delicious salad course for a fish din
ner. Strain through a flannel one
half cup chicken broth, heat and add
a tablespoon soaked gelatin. When
set fold in a cup of cream whipped (a
cup before whipping), and one cup ol
diced white meat of fowL Mold In In
dividual molds and serve with cubes
of tomato Jelly. Of course it should
be seasoned, preferably with a little
celery and paprika.
A Dooarhaat Hint.
Doughnuts are much Improved it
they are coated with a layer of sugar
as soon as they are taken from the
stove. The best way to powder them
is to put a small amount of confec
tioner's sugar in a paper bag and put
.several doughnuts In the bag at a
time and then shake the bag. holding
the top of the bag closed. This will
coat them with sugar quickly and
more evenly than any other way.
For fruit cheese, one of the most
healthful confections for the children,
use half a pound each of raisins, cur
rants, dates, figs and blanched al
monds and two pounds of English wal
nuts. Grind them all fine, mix well
and pack tightly in a dish under a
cover, Let the mixture stand for two
or three days, and then cut Into
squares and troll In sugar.
Dissolve two squares of chocolate Id
one cup or milk and add two cups ol
granulated sugar. Then add a table
spoonful of butter. When the mixture
has cooked so that you can see the bot
tom of the pan when stirring remove
from the fire and beat until nearly
cold. Add one cup of hickory nuts,
chopped rather fine, and pour into
buttered pans and mark out in squares
before thoroughly cooled.
Bnrrel Trnpa for Rata.
Two effective devices for trapping
rats are made with barrels as shown
here. Coarse brown paper, with cross
slits, is stretched across the barrel
head in the one case and a light cover
of wood hinged on a rod in the other
plan. The best bait 1b usually food' of
a kind that the rata do not get In the
Alfalfa Is growing In favor as a ro
Give the colts plenty of room to run
. The plow has its share in the good
Fit the collar to the horse, not the
horse to the collar.
Owls are vermin destroyers. En
courage their presence on the farm.
It Is a poor policy to feed inferior
grain to horses especially to the work
On cold nights do not leave the
cowb out to sleep on the damp ground
where they may be chilled.
Make every square rod on your farm
pleld Its quota of profit Some use
can be found for even the poor strips
Study out how you can best use all
Dumpllnga for Chleken Stew.
Into a pint of flour sift a heaping
teaspoonful of baking powder and one
quarter teaspoonful of salt Work In
a tablespoonful of shortening and wet
with enough milk to make a dough that
can be rolled out Roll out cut Into
strips or rounds, and drop into the
boiling gravy. Cook steadily tor ten
minutes and serve.
Cheeae Cake or Pie,
Line a deep pie plate with good
pastry and fill with a mixture of two
teacupfula of cottage cheese rubbed
very soft with three tablespoonfuls of
rich cream, half cup of sugar, the juice
and grated rind of a lemon, half a
tablespoonful of melted butter and
three eggs beaten light Bake In a
Never Falling larer Cake.
Cream three tablespoonfuls of butter
with one and a half cups of powdered
sugar, add one and a half cups of
milk, three eggs, beaten light and
three cups' of flour, sifted, with two
teaspoonfuls of baking powder. This
will make four layers.
Pare of Bean a.
Select a small grade of soup bean
and cook In salted water until suffi
ciently tender to press through a sieve.
Add to this bean pulp or puree suffi
cient highly seasoned soup stock to
make a slightly thickened soup and
Hlnta Abont the Houae.
Decorated china plates should be
put away with round pieces of canton
flannel between them.
Serve crisp celery with cold meat. It
is always appreciated, and is a nerve
tonlo of considerable effectiveness.
For washing coarse clothes soft soap
is the best and It has the advantage of
going further than hard, yellow soap.
A new flavor can be given to cooked
prunes by adding a few slices of lem
on. Another method Is to cook them
I with a bag of spices.
When making glus you will find
hat the addition ol a little glycerin in
' creases its adhesive quality and makes
' it more elastic One part of glycerin
!to three parts of glue Is the right pro