Lincoln County leader. (Toledo, Lincoln County, Or.) 1893-1987, April 01, 1897, Image 7

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    AID FOR BEETGROWERS.
A DESERT OF WORDS.
THE FRUIT OUTLOOK.
Thejjp Four Days' General
j Debate Is Ended.
- i
SEVERAL SPEECHES WERE MADE
The New Tariff Bill Will Now lie
2 Discussed In Five-Minute Speeches
j The New Senator From Florida.
Washington, March 27. The fuur
days' general deabte in the house on the
Dingley tariff bill closed tonight. The
hill will now be open for debate under
the five-minute rule for five days, when
the vote will be taken.
Bailey, the opposition leader, who
(' was to have closed the general debate
for his side today, was unable to make
ins speecn, owing to a sore tnroat, ana
a mutual arrangement was made for an
hour's debate on each side just before
the final vote is taken.
wTuu tjpeeh-liiiilvilig tuuuy Wao liul of
a very lively order, but the crowds in
the galleries continued.
:5Five members of the ways and means
committee spoke today Tawney, Dal
zell, Russell, Payne and Stone. The
other speakers at the session were Tal
bert, Clark, Maguire, Gunn, Cox, Mc
Rae, Grow, Simpson, Curtis, Burke,
Lentz, Colson, Hawley, De Armond and
tzgerald.
The Routine Report.
Washington, March 27. This was
toe last day of the general debate on
-the tariff bill in the house. Talbert,
Democrat, of South Carolina, in the
presence of a scant audience, opened
the debate. The house rapidly filled.
Talbert talked a great deal about robber
barons.
j Champ Clark, Democrat, of Missouri,
followed. He said as a Democartie
politician he rejoiced in the passage of
the pending bill, because after it had
become a law every storekeeper would
be obliged to make a Democratio speech
very time he made sale. The pass
age of this bill, he said, would give the
Democrats a hundred majority in the
next congressional election.
After brief remarks by Maguire, Dem
ocrat, of California, and Gunn, Popu
list, of Idaho, Tawney, Republican, of
Minnesota, member of the ways and
means committee, took the floor for
twenty minutes. Tawney defended the
lead schedule, which had been attacked
by Gunn. The latter said he had no
oi-iticism to make of the rates. He
only asked that they be collected.
1 Tawney asserted the classification of
, tjiis schedule was such that the duties
obuld not be evaded. The purpose of
Uie framers of the schedule was to give
-American labor employment in smelt-
g Mexican and Canadian ores, and at
e same time fully protect the Ameri-
n lead miner.
Simpson, Populist, of Kansas, enter
tained the house for five minutes. He
ead from McKiuley's speech at the
Minneapolis convention a declaration
that the foreigner paid the tax, wliLh
Jo ridiculed. The last congress, he
-iid increased the appropriation $50,
$00,000, and now, according to Mc
Kinley's theory, taxes on foreigners
ere to be increased to pay for extrava
gance. The foreigner should be glad,
io said that the last congress had not
teen a two-billion-dollar congress. If
the taxes of the foreigner could be suffi
ciently increased, he observed sarcastic
ally, the surplus could be distributed
fmong our people and every day would
e Sunday here. (Laughter.)
Simpson said he was himself a farmer
ho farmed farms, not farmers. If the
Kepublioans had desired to do some
ihing practical for the farmers, why,
e asked, had they left hides on the
free list? Simpson announced himself
i free-trader.
I Cox and McRae of Arkansas followed.
The latter ridiculed the idea that pros
perity had existed under the McKinley
Jaw, or would exist under the Dingley
vill, if it became law.
Grow, the venerable ex-speaker, made
general speech in favor of the theory
pf protection. The lateBt Democratic
fry of more money and less taxes, he
aid, was preposterous.
ualzell reviewed the
Wilson onrl fnVinU. 1 j 1
.ivuiutcj luwa unu ue-
iiounced the ad valorem system as giv-
g opportunity lor immense underval
uation.
The Senate Proceedings.
Washin
. o ri. Alio BtTIlHlO
P&U ft half-hnnr niun oooo.Vn An.i
1 ovnomu COl I J ill
Sufi flftV flnd trian ntn. f,... - I -
j . - ,v tt o luur injurs in e
foutive session on the arbitration treaty
f rwumea tne open session to go on
ne bankruptcy bill. The latter meas
ure, generally known as the Torrey
tankruptcv bill, was read at length and
iwouu uii ,;ea a suostitute differing in
numlj R & artioulars from the com-
ittee-tm T''hn rtnhatn
'Pened. """"
Amendp(J rr.vlanr.aia .A.A nn-tj
n behalf 0f John W. Henderson, ap
xnnted Vitf tv. -i tT,, , .
su'w "r ui xionaato
jthe Beat vacated by Call. It brought
j--. a oiuwrnent irom Hoar, acting chair
pjan of the committee on privileges and
f lections, that action on the pending
flection oases was delayed by the un
certainty as to the committee organiza
tion in the senate. The revised cre
dentials were referred to the elections
fommittee.
An Added Duty on llei-t Sugar Will Be
Asked of Congress.
Chicago, March 26. Congress will
in all probability be called on at an
early date by a committee representing
the sugar-beet growers of the country,
and asked to give some measure of pro
tection and encouragement to this new
and profitable industry. Nothing would
suit the AVestern farmers who have al
ready engaged in this form of agricul
ture better than the creation of a tariff,
if not less than 1 cents a pound on
all sugars and a reciprocal policy with
other sugar-producing countries.
This is the opinion of C. H. Dietrioh,
president of the National bank of Hast
ings, Neb., who is here and is one of
the most enthusiastic promotoers of the
sugar beet industry. Mr. Dietrich
points to the fact that more than one
half of the world's sugar crop is now
being produced Irom beets as an indica
tion of the tremendous size of the in
dustry and the right that it has to de
mand consideration from the govern
ment. He notes that there is not a
single sugar-produoing country in the
world that lias not been aided by its
government in development of the
sugar beet industry. The countries
which have made special advancement
in this line aire Germany, Belgium,
Austria, France, New Zeland, Denmark
and Argentina.
Tariff Argument In the House.
Washington, March 26. The third
day of the tariff debate in the house
was almost as dull as the first two.
There were two notable speeohes, one
by Grosvenor and the other by McMil
lin, but the rest of the speeches, with
the possible exception of Walker's,
hardly created a ripple in the monoton
ous sea of speechmaking.
Grosvenor and McMillin were dis
tinctively the orators of the day. The
other speakers at the day session were
Fox, Simms, Williams, Terry, Sayers,
Johnson, Evans, Maddox and Adams.
In the Senate.
Washington, March 26. The senate
session lasted only half an hour today,
and no business was done beyond the
introduction of bills. Among these
was one by Allen to repeal the civil
service laws and to do away with edu
cational tests as a preliminary to enter
ing the publio service.
Hoar presented a bill prohibiting
vitascope and kindred exhibitions of
prizefights in the District of Columbia
and the territories, and forbidding the
shipment of pictures for these exhibits
by' mail or through any interstate
means. The bill is aimed against vita
scope exhibitions of the recent CarBon
fight, although general in its nature.
Allen's bill proposes to repeal the
civil service law and all supplementary
acts, also the annual executive orders
based on these laws. The bill further
directs the head of every government
department to establish rules relative
to appointment with reference to the
special fitness of applicants for the serv
ices' requirements, and not with refer
ence to educational standards. It is
expressly provided that lack of uni
versity, college or academic education
shall in no case disqualify the applicant.
The bill expresses the purpose of restor
ing to all United States citizens equal
rights to appointment.
The first of the appropriation bills
the agricultural was reported by Cul
lom of Illinois, who gave notice that he
would ask the senate to take it up at
an early day.
Senator Jones of Arkansas intro
duced a resolution providing that the
committee on commerce be direoted to
ascertain to what extent the disastrous
flood in the eastern part of Arkansas is
the result of the government improve
ments along the eastern bank of the
Mississippi river.
MURDER AND ARSON.
Diabolical Crime of Some Unknown
Tennessee Fiend.
Nashville, March 26. Last night, on
Paradise ridge, this county, where there
is quite a settlement of thrifty Ger
mans, the house of Jacob Ade was dis
covered on fire and was in ruins before
help could reach the place. In the
ruins were found the almost consumed
bodies of Jacob Ade, his wife, Lizzie,
aged 20; Henry Ado, aged 13, and Rosa
Moier, aged 10 years.
All day a crowd has been at the scene
of the tragedy, neighbors, people from
this city and officers of the law, all in
vestigating and surmising, but tonight
it is uncertain whether the family were
accidentally burned to death or whether
they were murdered.
The murder theory is most generally
believed. It is based by some on rob
bery, as Ade waa known to keep money
on hand and to have had several hun
dred dollars in the house. But if rob
bery was the motive, the robbers
failed, for in the ruins today was found
tin can containing the remains of a
large roll of bills. There is no evi
dence to show that Ade bad any ene
mies. Important Insurgent Capture.
Havana, March 26. The insurgents
have captured Holguin, in Santiago de
Cuba. The town is a very important
one, and the news of its loss has cast a
gloom over official circles. It is report
ed that the victorious insurgent forces
were those under the command of Cat
ixto Garcia, who has been operating
with great rigor in Eastern Cuba.
Dolliver's Speech the Only Ouis In the
Tariff Debate.
Washington, March 25. Although
several paseages-at-arms enlivened the
tariff debate in the house today, the
brilliant speech of-Dolliver was dis
tinctly the overshadowing feature of
the day. It shone out through the
weary, monotonous gloom which has so
far pervaded the debate like a locomo
tive headlight in a fog. Dolliver is a
finished orator, and his speech today
was a masterpiece of forensic eloquence.
Replete with wit and glowing periods,
it alternately aroused his Republican
colleagues to unbounded enthusiasm and
convulsed the house with laughter.
Dolliver is quick and adroit in the use
of the foils, and the Democrats refrained
from interrupting him.
McLaurin, a Democratic member of
the ways and means committee, created
a mild sensation by boldly proclaiming
himself in favor of a duty on cotton,
and it was noticeable that when he re
pudiated the free raw material doctrines
of Cleveland and Carlisle "und those
who had prostituted the name of Dem
ocracy," iuily three-fourths of the i
Democrats on the floor sustained him
with hand and voice.
The other speakers during the day
session were: Gibson, Dockery, New
lands, Lacey, Swanson and Cochran.
Civil Service Debate in the Senate.
Washington, March 25. The senate
was unexpectedly precipitated into a
civil service debate today. It proceeded
for two hours on the civil service act,
the commission being under fire most
of the time. The debate assumed added
significance, owing to the recent change
of administration and the attendant
demand for offices. Gorman called at
tention to the presence in Washington
of the horde of hungry placehunters,
and expressed profound sympathy for
his Republican associates over the
restrictions of the civil service system.
The discussion came up on a resolu
tion to investigate federal removals at
the South Omaha, Neb., office.
Gallinger characterized the civil
service system as a humbug, and de
clared that he would be glad to cast his
vote to blot out the system. There was
continued applause in the galleries at
this statement.
Allen called the oivil service a
"monumental humbug," and Wilson
said it was a "humbug, a delusion, a
snare and a fraud."
Hawley, while defending the princi
ple of civil service, said its practices
had ever been attended with glaring
incompetence.
Stewart regarded the civil service
commission as an "office breaking estab
lishment." Hoar and Lodge defended the bill.
The resolution directing the oivil ser
vice committee of the senate to investi
gate the South Omaha removals was
broadened by an amendment instruct
ing the committee to inquire into the
general operation of the law and to re
port whether it should be continued,
amended or repealed.
ARMENIANS SLAUGHTERED.
Turks Killed One Hundred While at
Church.
Constantinople, March 25. Authen
tic details of the outbreak on Sunday at
Tokat, Asia Minor, where the Turks at
tacked the Armenians while the latter
were in church, showed that 100 Chris
tians were massacred. The Armenians'
houses were given over to pillage.
The representations of the ambassa
dors of the foreign powers regarding
the condition of Anatolia have made
little impression upon the sultan, who,
relying upon the support of Russia, is
convinced he has nothing to fear from
the so-called concert of powers, which
is continually harped upon, although it
is believed little or no concert beyond a
desire in some quarters to postpone war
really exists.
Diplomats here are said to be once
more turning their attention to the con
duot of the sultan. It is semi-officially
intimated they are again of the opinion
the system of friendly representations
on the subject of Armenia, which have
hitherto been followed, must be changed
for sterner methods dealing with the
evils oomplained of. The sultan, how
ever, consoles himself with the belief
that he will survive this new fit of
righteous indignation, as he has tided
over others of a much more serious
character.
De Chlmay Created a Sensation.
London, March 23. At the Scala
music hall, according to the Mail's
Paris correspondent, Princess de Chi
may and her lover, Janos Rigo, the
Hungarian gypsy musioian, were pres
ent in a box, prompted by curiosity to
witness a dramatic sketch founded upon
their escapades. The audience recog
nized them and called to them by
name. At the crisis of the play a great
sensation was caused by the princess,
who leaped upon the stage and enthus
iastically kissed the actress who repre
sented the princess. Tremendous ex
citement ensued, and when the couple
left the theater, the crush was so great
about their carriage that they were
compelled to invoke an escort of police.
Georgia Cyclone's Victims.
Atlanta, Ga., March 25. Professor
Wilkes was so badly injured by the cy
clone yesterday that he is dying. Four
children cannot survive throughout the
day. Later reports from Blakely say
no deaths are reported to have resulted
there.
A UtMirml Survey of rrcnt'iit Conditions
in the Norlhwctt.
A correspondent writing from Salem,
Or., in regard to the fruit outlook in
the Northwest, says:
All are looking anxiously to see the
fruit trees of our wide reigon' pass
through the ordeal of springtime, for
that is the critical period with orchards.
It is not often that any severe injury is
done in the fall and winter, and if fruit
trees are in good condition at the mid
dle of May there is no reason to fear
harm while the fruit is being perfected.
The past fall was exceptional in re
spect to damage done, for the heavy
freeze that occurred late in November
was quite disastrous in nuiny localities.
While this is no doubt true, it will not
be possible to trace the extent of the
injury until the growing season comes,
for while in the dormant state it can
not easily be known how much harm
was done.
It was said at the time that the Ital
ian prune was especially affected, which
appears to have been true at The Dalles
rei'inn: nl w Hood River. Mr. D. J.
Cooper, of Wasco county, told mo that
much harm had been done in that dis
trict, lie thought it was chiefly duo to
overmuch and too late cultivation and
irrigation, for he says ho had noticed
that where there was light cultivation
and irrigation was not continued late,
the wood ripened early and trees are all
right.
Mr. E. L. Smith, of Hood River, who
is a very close observer, says much
harm was done in that country to
young apple trees, and the Spitzenborgs
were especially suffering, tho heavy
freeze having in many instances, killed
tho tops, as it occurred when the sap
was flowing. In many cases tho bark
had split on the trunk, but he doubted
if the damage would all show until
spring came.
Mr. Smith thought the excessive rain
fall in the mountains made it worse
there than out in the open country.
The Hood river valley is in tho very
heart of the Cascade range, and when
there were light rains west of the
ranges, there was constant, heavy rain
there last fall, and the effect was to
keep the sap flowing and the trees grow
ing. At the time the freeze came, late
in November, the leaves were all on
and held their dark green color, so the
effect of the cold Biiap was more disas
trons than if it had occurred in a normal
season, as the sap was frozen, and much
, tender young wood was killed. We
i expected to hear of harm done wherever
; people had plowed or cutivated late.
I and bo kept sap flowing but condi-
, tions at Hood River were exceptional,
and the damage seems to have been
! general.
There seems to have been damage
(lone in many parts of the country.
1 Clark county, Wash., was said at the
time to have suffered loss in tho Italian
prune, which is planted largely there.
As to orchards iu this valley (the Wil
hnnette), it is not probable that much
; harm was done where they hud not too
1 much ami too late cultivation. People
; had to learn that there can he too
niU'di of a good thing. There has been
too much pruning, us well as too much
! cultivation. What is needed is to ob-
; sist nature, not to take tho job too much
out of her hands. Only a few days bo-
fore that freeze, one of those very en-
, tliusiastic orchard men told me he had
kept on plowing and cultivating up to
! date. I asked him where he would be
when a freeze came, and thought of him
the first thing when it did come.
I hear of some damage (to Italian
prnns especially) done to orchards near
hero on prairie land, and to some ex
tent in the lulls. The Oregon Land
Company has 8,000 acres of trees on
high hill land a few miles south of Sa-
lum, that they cultivated lute, and
I bear some harm was done there. The
lesson to fruitgrowers is that there is a
tune when trees should mature their
wood, as well as their fruit, and if we
ignore the laws of nature, we are apt
to pay neavny lor it. A gentleman
who is engaged in fruitgrowing reports
that he was in Southern Idaho after
the freeze, and young orchards along
DiiaKe river were almost destroyed by
it. They were, no doubt, forcing growth
by irrigation, and overdid it; bo suffer
as a cosequeneo. It was a warm No
vember up to the freeze, and the change
camo suddenly and was disastrous.
While this miiBt be true of nianv. it
is safe to say that the older orchards of
the Pacific Northwest are in good condi
tion to produce well, and that we may
hope for the largest yield for tho season
of 1897 that ever wbb known. The
short crop of 1896 leaves the trees well
rested, and with vigorous growth of
.Jruit buds. We are almost at the end
of March, and yet the trees are not in
bloom, when they often are in full
bloom before this time. There is more
danger from late spring rains than from
winter freezes. If we have a lute bloom
time, and no cold rains later, we may
looK lor an exceptional fruit year all
over this Western Oregon, as well as
the Indland Empire. We have hud so
much to learn that it has been a school
of experience up date, and henceforth
we should reap some of the practical
results.
The Hill Killed.
Springflold, 111., March 29. The
senate anti-department store bill came
up in the house toduy on first reading,
and was ordered laid on the table.
This action practicully kills the meas
ure.
A. Resume of Events in
Northwest.
the
EVIDENCE OF STEADY GROWTH
News Gathered In All the Towns of
Our Neighboring Ktntes Improve
ment Noted in All Industries Oregon.
About forty tons of corn are being
shipped from Nebraska to Dallas.
The principal of the Jacksonville
public schools is paid $1,000 a year.
Eleven hundred sacks of potatoes
were shipped south by the latest
steamer out of Coos bay.
An eagle was shot on the Siuslaw last
week that measured seven feet from tip
to tip and weighed ten pounds.
The grand jury in Douglas county re
ported that tho county jail in Rosebnrg
is insecure, for the safe custody of pris
oners.
Frosts in Umatilla county have in
places taken off the tops of the grain a
little, but no serious damage has been
sustained.
Farmers in Sherman county have
about finished plowing and are now
waiting for the ground to dry enough
to begin seeding.
A boy living near Centerville, in
Washington county, a few days ago
shot a hawk on the wing that measured
four feet six inches from tip to tip.
Lambing has begun on some of the
sheep ranches in Sherman county, and,
in spite of unfavorable weather, a good
percentage of the lambs is being saved.
Commissioner Lee, of Fremont, Neb.,
who at one time made annual purchases
of sheep in Grant county, has returned
again this year, and will buy a band.
The sheriff of Crook county prevent
ed a jail break last week by discovering
in tmie a hole in the jail wall that one
of the prisoners had dug out with a
case-knife.
Coyotes are increasing so fast near
Hayes' hill, in Josephine county, that
the number of quail, largo gray squir
rel and other small game is rapidly dis
appearing. The county court of Harney, at its
recent session, ordered the new Burns
road opened. The road is to extend
straight westward from tho bridge near
Saver's mill, to the south end of the
town of Burns.
It ooBts tRe city of Pendleton about
$ 50 every time a fire alarm is turned
in, whether the fire amounts to any
thing or not, and it is suggested that
some more economical arrangement
should be made with tho firemon.
Joseph Hall, who was found dead
near Medford lust week, with a bullet
hole in his heud, having been shot
from behind, was a bachelor, and about
45 years of ago. Ho had lived on Elk
creek, where he was killed, about two
years.
Washington.
A warm wave brought relief to the
stockraisors in Adams county last week.
The plan of spreading disease among
the squirrels by inoculating some of
them and turning thorn .loose will be
tried in Adams county.
The severe weather und a lack of feed
was the cause of several hundred head
of stock dying, one man losing at the
rate of seven head a day.
Scarcely any plowing has been done
around Oukesdale, but as the snow is
now rapidly melting, and the ground
is not frozen, a largo acreage will be
put to wheat.
The commissioners sent to North
Yakima to treat with tho Yakima In
dians for the sale of their lands have
left for Montana, being . unable to ac
complish anything.
The Indians along the Sans Poil are
busy pulling up the locution stakes that
were driven on the Colville reservation
bars by tho locators that expected to
see the reservation opened.
A band of horses and cattle has been
started from Rock creek valley for the
bald hills of the St. Mary's! where
there is plenty of feed. The farmers
in Rock creek valley have run out of
feed.
Taxes are being paid into the county
treasury in Spokane at a rate that may
make it unnecessary for the county to
negotiate a loan for $36,000 with which
to pay interest on the county's funding
bonds.
The hunters of Pierce county will
meet to the number of about 100, and
drive Fox island, from end to end, on
April 17, for the purpose of slaughter
ing coons and othor "varmints" on the
island.
Gin Pon, a Chinese, who was con
victed of murdering Lee Tong in Spo
kane, has been denied a rehearing by
the supreme court, and will now be re
sentenced to hang, unless there should
be an appeal to the United States su
preme court.
A sawmill and box factory is being
erected near the Great Northern depot
in Wenatohee. This location will be
convenient for fruit shippers this season
they can unload their fruit, and,
without going out of the way, take on
load of boxes for the return trip.