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About Lincoln County leader. (Toledo, Lincoln County, Or.) 1893-1987 | View This Issue
Lincoln County Leader.
J. F. 8TKWAKT, Pnbll.her.
WARNED BY HIS DEAD WIFE.
ATolce That Came In the Night mod Saved
'NTW,,.my frlend Mr- So-and-so had
entirely different experiences that convert
ed him," continued the gentleman. "One
night, many years ago, he and big family
retired, fchortly after miduight be was
awakened by the voice of his dead wife,
who said, 'Gas, quick.' He thought it
was imagination and lay awake thinking
about It for some time. As he was dozing
off the voice came again, 'Gas, quick,
quick,' with more imperativeness. 'Well '
thought my friend, as ho sat up in bed,
that surely was my wife's voice, but I was
Just dozing oil to sleep, and I may have
imagined it. I will stay awake, now so
that just then the voice came again with
greater sternness, saying in an imperative
way, 'Gas, quick, quick, quickl' My
Wend waited no longer, but jumped from
his bed and rushed to the rooms on the
second floor where big daughters were
sleeping. There was no gas there.
Down stairs he hurried, looked into the
cellar and all about, but no gag was to be
round. He suddenly remembered a newly
arrived Swede girl who came that day t
do housework, who was sleeping on the
third floor. Up stairs bo sprang with a
bound, and as be nearcd the door he de
tected the gns. He broke into the room
and found it filled with gas. In the still
ness he could hear the heavy, labored
breathing of the girl on the bed.
"Ho saw no time was to bo lost. Down
on his knees be got, and keeping his face
as close to the floor as possible, he crawl
ed to the window which be opened. He
then reached for the girl, and catching
her arm, which was hanging over the side
of the bod, pulled her to the floor and
through the opeu door to the next room,
where restoratives were applied. The girl
was asphyxiated and in 15 minutes more
would have been dead. It took several
dnys for her to recover. She had tried the
old experiment of blowing out the gas
with almost fatal results. My friend tells
me that frequently in times of danger the
uiuiuji mice oi nig Wiio comes to his res
cue." i'lttsburg Dispatch.
Ellon Terry's Characters.
Miss Terry thinks ami rliht.lir tw
that a dress should do much to indicate
the character of the woman who is wear
ing it, as witness the dress she wears as
iauy Macbeth, which looks like a colling
nnako. "I could have gone mad," she
nam, -as upnciia, much more com fort a
bly In black than in white. Hut, oh I the
little ins and outs of which the publio
know nothing. Hamlet and Othello muni
bo black, then Ophelia and Desdemona
must be whito."
Then on t lie question of studying a part.
Any schoolgirl can learn the words of a
part, but that is a very different thing to
knowing nml growing up, as it were, with
mu diameter you nro called upon to con
coive ana create. To study means to
know, to know means to be. I saw one of
her books. Its leaves were Interspersed
with almost as many notes as there was
typo noteg on the character of the wo
man, period, costume, surroundings, in
lluences. One little nolo realist "Charac
ter Undemonstrative Kinging vole
About 85. Hho ouuht to ho nine looking
for the king of Franco took her without
any dower. Kvery servant in the court
loves her Indeed, the court fool pines
. away when she goes to Franco."
Borne half dozen Imoks, all for the same
character, nro full of notes) of this kind.
Bhe loveg Ih-ntrluo. nnd Onholia tlin limit.
and tho shortest and smallest part she ever
played was onltf a year or two ago, when
Hho went on at nil amateur performance
and the npplauso which greeted her would
scarcely allow her to give her one and
ouiy lino, "Please, ma'am, are you hln
or are you noutr" Strand Magazine.
A Watermelon Kator'i I'llglit.
Al Winn, a 00-vear-old colored mim llv.
ing ut 0500 South Hroadway, submitted
10 a peculiar operation at the City hos
pital for a peculiar ailment. It was the
cutting out of 2,000 watermelon seeds
rrom his internal mechanism.
The old man had been iu a watermelon
imiL-u over in E.asi ec. Liotiis. Jio was en
joying himself finely, when ho was dis
turbed by tho approach of some one. Seiz
ing a lnrgo, fine green melon, ho "lit out."
Ho soon realized, though, it would be im
possible to carry that melon very much
longer. It it was only on tho inside, how
ever, it would ho all right. With this
thought in his tiilml he began to throw
nuge cuunks of melon down his throat.
till running llko a door. Ho didn't stop
to chow. He didn't even stop to spit out
tho seeds. Winn has a mouth llko tho
opening of a coal mine, and "everything
went" into its black depths. When the
old man concluded ho was out of dan
ger he stopped running nuitfoiind that the
entire big melon was gone. He did not
experience any particular inconvenience
from ins glgantio meal for a ooupleof
anyg. miiou ho Had the " worst out ' stom
ach ache ho ever had. He was doublet)
up with horrible cramps for a day and
' then came to the hospital. Dr. Markscut
Wlun open and got a quart of seeds. St.
Mary the M.xt Popular Name.
According to statistics, Mary is the
most popular of Christian names, follow
ed in order by William, John, Elizabeth,
Thomas, George, Snruh, James, Charles,
Henry, Alice, Joseph, Ann, Jane, KUen,
Knilly,Frmhirlck, Annie, Miirgarct.Emma,
Kliza, ltobert, Arthur, Alfred, Kdward.
Home people oliji-ct to being called by a
Very common Inline, but It is Inllnttvly bet
ter ao than being known as "Green Iaf,"
"Shooting Gallery," "Lucky Day," "Gid
dy Kdward," "Talithi Cuml," "Holy
Duvles," "Choice Pickerel," "Sing Song,"
"TepmpeHtumia Stinger," and other choice
ones, every one of which Is a bona fide
name cnl led from a lwnt English direc
tory. lMttwburg Dispatch.
A dainty novelty for hanging btwldetho
bureau to hold tho buttonhook and other
small articles is made of one of the wood
en eggs used lu stocking darning. At
equal distances around tho center screw
in four of the small brass hooks such as
are used on bungle boards. Then palut
tho egg white ami decorate it with flow
ers. Attach a ribbon to two opioslte
hooks by which it may lie hung on a
brass nail iu the wall. The eg may be
gilded or covered with satin, if preferred,
and may be finished according to one's
"During your Arctic expedition," some
one asked an explorer, "how did you get
warm when your fuel gave out t"
"Simplest thing in the world," answer
ed the explorer. "Two of us were Hcpub
llcans and two Democrats, and whenever
the thermometer in the hut went belo
the freezing mlut we talked politics."
Uulm and Choirs.
Arithmetic Teacher Now, Tommln,
you have llutshed the tables SO quires
Hobble I know; they would make an
twful fuss if they are all like the one at
our church. Springfield Union.
WASHINGTON CITY NEWS.
Secretary Smith has approved the ap
plication of " Pawnee Bill " for a loan of
thirty-five Sioux Indians to be exhibited
at the Antwerp Exhibition.
Senator Call of the Senate Committee
Appropriations "a" reported the for
tifications bill to the Senate as amended.
The committee increases total House ap
propriation to the extent of 82!),405,
the bill aa reported carrying $3,604,104.
It is intimated upon good authority
that the President is strongly disposed
to use a portion of the fund placed at
his disposal for the establishment of a
naval coaling station in Pearl Harbor,
Hawaii. It is asserted that the actual
occupation of Pearl Harbor will amount
to assuming a protectorate over the isl
ands, and that Hawaiiang would have no
cause to fear interference in their affairs
by other powers.
The President lias transmitted to the
Senate all information in his possession
regarding the Uluellelds (Nicaragua) in
cident and the landing of British troops.
There is nothing startling in the corre
spondence. Among the letters attached
iBone from Ambassador liayard, in which
Bayard says he was informed by the
British government that the landing of
troops at iiluelields was taken for the
sole purpose of protecting the lives and
property of the residents and with no
intention of violating treaty rights.
Estimates of the amount of revenue
under the new tariff bill reported to the
Senate will probably show the total
amount to he almost f 381,000.000. This
is a reduction of $13,000,000 from the
estimates in the first bill reported to the
committee. The principal reduction is
made through the restoration of the
present tax rate on domestic cigars and
cigarettes, which amounts to a loss t.f
over 110,000,000. As the bill stands, if
the estimate is correct, it will produce
30",000,OUO more revenue than is needed.
The Secretary of the Interior lias sent
to Congress for approval two agreements
made with Indian tribes. One was made
with the Yuma Indians in California, by
which the Yumas will take allotments
in severalty. The remainder of the lands
that can be irrigated will be appraised
and wild for the benefit of the tribe.
Secretary Smith recommended an appro
priation oi k,uuu tor an investigation
to detcrmiiio whether to construe.
levee along the hanks of the Colorado
river to protect the reservation lands.
The other agreement is with the Yaki
inas in Washington for a cession of land
known as Wenatowahapan fishery. It
is proposed to pay $2,000 for those lands.
Delegate Joseph of New Mexico will
make a move, as soon as the appropria
tion bills are out of the way, to secure a
special rule by which the New Mexico
Statehood bill will be given the right of
way and block all other business in the
House until a quorum makes its appear
ance and passes the bill. As party lineB
are drawn on the hill, he can hone for
no help from the Republicans, I'he lat
ter want Oklahoma admitted at the same
date in order to secure two Republican
Senators to offset the Democratic Sena
tors from New Mexico. It is urged also
that the Utuh and Arizona bills, already
bussed by the House, give a prospect of
four Democratic Senators, so that fair
ness urges the admission of Oklahoma
as well as the other three territories.
Loud of California made a strong
speech that attracted much attention in
the House the other day during consid
eration of the river and' harbor items in
the sundry civil bill. He showed that
the Southern States had received up to
IH1I0 $00,000,000 for river and harlior im
provements. While tho ValllH of their
shipping was only $18,000,000. During
mm nine nie i aci uc least, wit i .
000,000 value in Hllilinimr. hiul nnlv r-
ceived $10,000,000, and of this amount
wregon non received the lion's share
40,000,000. Ixmd made such a good
showing for California that Hermann of
Oregon attempted a reply. Ixud niolli-
ueu tne Oregon Kepresentative by say
ing that Oregon fared so well because of
the ability of Senators Mitchell and
Doliih and Representative Hermann
whoso fitness forConuresBional work the
urcgon people appreciated.
lhe appointment of General Catch-
ings to the Chairmaiishin of the It
hiiu nuroor committee to succeed
Itlunchard. appointed Senator, lea, la
members of the Douse to bono flint
.1 Ml I . '. . .
uicru win ue some verv material in.
creases made in the river and harbor ap
iruriuuiiH, mr i atciungs :s a more
iinerai-inliiiled man than his predecessor.
Kepresentative Camuiotti as a member
of the committee is daily in consultation
with his colleagues in an endeavor to se
cure more money for the Sacramento
ami fan Joaquin rivers, while Repre
sentatives Loud and Wilson of Washing
ton made a gallant light for the entire
Pacific Coast on the House Moor during
iiib coiiHiiierauon oi tne sundry civil bill.
i nti river ami uaroor bill wnen reported
will show some clmmrcs all'ectinu Pm-iilo
Coast rivers and harbors since tho first
statement was telegraphed. What
cnanges these are will probably be in
uiu uituirc oi increases.
Further corrcsnondmu'n lu.i u4im Wll.
lis and IHile has Wen submitted to Con
gress. It is mostly explanatory. Ikilo
acknowledges the receipt of "a letter
tinted January 18 from Willis, and savs
uini. in ii v una snows a desire tliut no
interpretation should lie iilaced mum rl
I'vcnm reierreu to unit would be incon
sistent with a friendly attitude on the
part of himself and the United States
toward Hawaii. February 14 ll.il.i a, I.
dressed a letter to Willis, m which he is
mucii pleased at illis' explanation as
to whv the American naval fir,i ,...r..
deprived of their liberty and prohibited
ironi wearing uniforms on shore after
the arrival of the Corwin. Dole savs
further that it has not been hi il,.ir., i.
charge the Tinted States with intending
t A ...... I I. ....! . . . . . "
i unu nine, inn miner to snow that the
Hiiiiiioiiung oi iniormation on the point
had produced an unfortunate stutuof af.
fairs, and to which Willis' attention was
i-aucu at me tuno. Ikile closed by disa
vowing on the part of his government
any unfriendliness toward the United
Representative Hermann has had m-
Mirtcd from the Commitliw on Indian
Allaire his bill to ratify and confirm the
agreement wnn tne Alsea and other
anils of Indians located Ukiii the Siletz
imiaii reservation and to make annm.
priation for carrying it intoellii t. Th.
are 2-.'o,(Ki0 acres in the reserve, of which
175.000 acres, not allotted to the Indians,
are to be subject to settlement. The In-
Hans are to lie paid $14'J,000 for their
. vsniiMi. a ue i rvsHicni. is to issiin a
proclamation within twenty davs after
tne passage oi the lull fixing a time not
later than forty days thereafter when
no surplus lands are lo tie opened to
entry. Judge llolinan, the Chairman of
the coinuiitlee, argued for a reduction to
4 per cent from the 6 per cent interest
provided by tho bill to lie paid the In
dians on the deferred payments, but ho
was voted down and Ins amendment d.
feated. Ho. however. buccmhIimI with
amendment requiring actual residence
on tho land for not less than three years,
whereas under the homestead law pnHr
commutation could be made after four
teen months. An additional amendment
reouire that at time of entry AO cent
of tliel.(S0 payable per acre shall U
pain, tne balance payable when final
proof is made at the end of three or live
HE SWAYS THE FRENCH SENATE
AND PREVENTS A CRISIS.
Irish National League of Great Britain
Calls the Irish Leaders Hard Name
International Salvation Army Con
Breu Belgian Cabinet Keslgns.
Bbukhelb. King Leopold has been
notified by telegraph that his Cabinet
Gladntone In the Commons.
London. The Westminster GazetteH
says Gladstone will occasionally make
ins appearance in tne commons and will
retain his old seat on the treasury bench.
A High Estimate.
London. The estimated government
expenditures for the coming year, which
will be required to be met bv the budget.
amount to 95,o82,66. This is the
Highest estimate ever submitted.
The United Ntates Ahead.
London. Replying to a question in
the Commons, the Secretary to the Ad
miraltysaid that in 1893 France lnum-hrd
battle ships of an aggregate tonnage of
4i,uiu, ivuseia iz.mu ana tne United
Fired on by Kim.
Melilla. A party of Riffs on the
coast three miles from this town fired on
a transport which was conveying Span
ish troops to Malaga. They wounded
one man. The Governor of Melilla is
inquiring into the affair. No comnlica.
tions are expected to result from the
One of William's Freaks.
Bkui.in. At noon to-day the Emperor
surprised everybody by summoning the
entire Berlin garrison to assemble in the
jempie Hot lor maneuvers. The sum
mons was responded to witli amazing
promptness, anu tne sudden appearance
and rapid pace of the troops through the
streets created a good deal of excitement.
Tr K.llm.l., Too ir.'gh.
Romk. Baron Sienna, Minister of Fi
nance, has refused to modify his propos
als for the new taxes to the amount of
100,000,000 lire. There is such a stromr
sentiment among the Deputies in favor
of decreasing the amount in question
that it will be difficult to effect an un
derstanding between the Chamber and
Trucklers and Cowards.
London. The Irish National League
of Great Britain has issued a manifesto
to the Irish people concerning Lord
Rosebery'a explanation of his attitude
toward home rule. The manifesto de
clares that tlieexplanation is insufficient,
and that the Irish members of Parlia
ment who accept it are trucklers, cow
ards and traitors, who ought to be driven
out of public life.
Salvation Army Jubilee.
London. An appeal has been issued
for the purpose of raising a fund of 50,
000 in order to celebrate the jubilee of
tho Salvation Army. In connection
with the jubilee General Booth proposes
to inaugurate a four months' Salvation
Army campaign in the United States
next autumn. The General also pro
poses an International Salvation Army
Congress in June and expeditions to Ja
pan, Java and Demerara.
London. Gladstone in a letter to the
Chairman of the Midlothian Liberals,
thanks liiiu for the generous desire that
he (Gladstone) shall not cease to repre
sent Midlothian. He refers to his career.
anil says it has certainly been chargeuble
with many errors of judgment, but he
hopes it has been governed by a desire
(or strict justice, lie says he rejoices to
tuiiiK mat .-H-ouuna nas uone battle for
the right. The masses, he declares, owe
their present political elevation to the
principles, "Ixve of liberty for all, with
out distinction of class, creed or coun
try." Gladstone laments " the discrep
ancy ot sentiment" between the two
Houses of Parliament, and concludes by
saying he feels convinced that until the
iiiBt demands of Irelund are satisfied the
Kmpire will not have attained the max
imum of its union and power. "Nor
will British honor be etfectiially cleared
of the deepest historic stain ever attached
MINISTRY OF OI.OMKS. .
M. Casliiilr-l'erler, the Freneh Premier,
Hwaya the Renate.
Paris. The crisis which was threat
ened by the action of the Senate in re
fusing to take action on the measure
which had previously passed the Cham
ber of Deputies, creating a Ministry of
Colonics instead of leaving that depart
ment directed, as has been the case up
to the present, has been averted, and
Premier Caaimir-Porior is again victori
ous. hen the Premier learned of the
failure to act upon tho matter referred
to, he promptly called smvial session
of the Senate and allowed it to become
Known that lie would not remain in
power without a vote of confidence on
the part of the Senate. In the Senate
after a conciliatory speech from the
Premier the Chamber of IVnuties hill
creating a Ministry of the Colonies was
approved by a vote of 225 to 32, and
later the Senate agreed to the grant
asked for in reganl to the creation of
tins new ministry by a vote of 3ltl to 81.
The Premier was warmlv congratulated
by friends upon the result of the affair.
mSASTKtl AT HANTANOKR.
The Hurled Cargo of the Cabo Machlt-apo
Htrurk by Ulven.
M ADiiiu, A dispatch received from
Santander says that ten men were killed
and thirty injured by an explosion of
dynamite in the harbor. The dynamite
was In one of the nianv cases of Tnl.w
sives which went down last November
with tho wreck of the steamer Cabo Ma
chieaco. Kver since the steamer waa
blown to pieces divers have worked in
termittently upon the wreck, and have
raised a considerable quantity of miscel
laneous cargo, which was "brought to
Santander. Recently the divers reported
that they were gettins Inear tb dvn.
mite, but it was supposed that the ex
plosive had lost its power after so many
weeks in water. Three divers were down
when the explosion came. Ten men
were out in a boat over the spot where
the divers were at work. Some fifty men
were at work at the docks. Tb'.-ii.o
of the explosion is not known exactly.
The report shook Mendei Nunex street,
which skirts the quay, alons ita wholw
ongth. The small boat just otr the spot
iv as splintered, and
killed. The three divers were also kilUI
and thirty men along the quay were in
jured seriously. The mangled and black
cneii corpse of the dead were scattered
all along the nuav. and the H n . era-
one that defied description. Among t'ie
dead are Don Manuel de Lapena, Pro
vincial Governor, and a nuuihor of other
THE PORTLAND MARKETS.
Wheat Valley, 85c; Walla Walla, 75
76c per cental.
Eastkbk Smokkd Meats and Lard
Hams, medium, 12(124C per pound;
hams, large, llj12c; hams, picnic,
11(12c; breakfast bacon, 13ltic;
short clear sides, 1012c; dry salt sides,
)i10c; dried beef hams, 12jrftl3c;
lard, compound, in tins, 93 10c per
pound; pure, in tins, ll12'c; pigs'
feet, 80s. $5.60; pigs' feet, 40s, $3.25;
HOPS, WOOL AND HIDES.
Hops '93s, choice, 12)413.!c per
pound; medium, 1012c; poor, neg
lected. Wool Valley, 10llc per pound;
Umpqua, ll12c; Eastern Oregon, 0
10c, according to quality and shrinkage.
Hidkb Dry selected prune, 6c; green,
salted, (30 pounds and over, 3ic; under
60 pounds, 23c ; sheep pelts, shearlings,
10(gl5c; medium, 2035c; long wool,
30ao0cj tallow, good to choice, 334C
LIVE AND DREHSKD HEATS.
Beef Top steers, $2.60i53.00; fair to
good steers, 2.00(ft2.25; cows, $2.25;
dressed beef, 4(ahxAc per pound.
Mutton Best sheep, $2.50; ewes,
Hoos Choice heavy, $4.004.25; me
dium, $4.00; light and feeders, $3.90
4.00; dressed, 67c per pound.
Veal Small choice, 0c j large, 4c per
FI.OLR, FEED, ETC.
Flode Portland, $2.65; Salem, $2.55;
Cascadia, $2.65; Dayton, $2.55; Walla
Walla, $2.90; Snowiiake, $2.05; Corval
lis, $2.05; Pendleton, $2.05; Graham,
$2.40; superfine, $2.25 per barrel.
Oats White, 3334c per bushel;
gray, 3032c; rolled, in bags, $5.76
6.00; barrels, $0.006.25 ; in cases, $3.75.
MiLLSTUrrs Bran, $13(816; shorts,
$15 10; ground barley, $10(sl8; chop
feed, $15 per ton ; whole feed barley, 60
70c per cental; middlings, $2328 per
ton; chicken wheat, 65c$1.15 per
Hay Good, $1012 per ton.
Butter Oregon fancy creamery, 27)s
30c; fancy dairy, 2225c; fair to
good, 1617c; common, ll12c per
pouuJ.; Clifuiiiia, ioc per lull.
Cheese Oregon, c; Young
America, 1216c; California flat, 14jfj'
15fc; Swiss, imported, 30(g32c ; domes
tic, lu(glsc per pound.
Eaos Oregon, 1213c per dozen.
Poultry Chickens, mixed, quoted at
m.oumo.uu per dozen; ducks. 5.tH)ft8
6.00; geese, $9.00 10.00; turkeys, live,
14c per pound ; uressed, luc.
vegetables and fruit.
Vegetables California cabbage, llc
per pound; potatoes, Oregon (buying
price), 4050c per sack; onions (buying
price;, ?i.ow2.ou per buck; sweet pota
toes, $1.75(2.50 per box; California cel
ery, 8590c: artichokes. 75c per dozen':
California lettuce, 25c per dozen; Ore
gon hothouse lettuce, outsouc ; cauliflow
er, $2.75 per crate, $1.00 per dozen ; pars
ley, 25c per dozen; sprouts, $1.40 per
uox; Btnng oeuns, sue per pound ; as-
Caragns, lbl7c per pound; rhu
arb, 10llsc per pound; peas, 10
Fruits California fancy lemons, $3.50
!?i.uu; common, fz.avwa.w ; bananas.
$1.752.50 per bunch; Honolulu. 3.00a
3.50; California navels, $2.25is2.76 per
ihx; seeunngs, fi.zotgz.uu; sunflower,
$2.50; apples (buying price), green, 75c
$1.00 per box; red, $1.00(81.25; late win
ter pears, 6580c per box.
Canned Goods Table fruits, assorted.
$1.76(82.00; peaches, $1.75(8.2.00; Bart
lett pears, $1.76(g2.0O; plums, $1.37)4
1.50; strawberries. $2.25(82.45: cherries.
$2.25(82.40; blackberries, $1.85(82.00;
taspberries, $2.40; pineapples, $2.25(
2.80; apricots, $1.65. Pie fruits,
assorted, $1.20;' peaches, $1.25; plums,
$1.001.20; blackberries, $1.25(8.1.40 per
dozen. Pie fruits, gallons, assorted,
$3.15 3.60; peaches, $3.60(84.00; apri
cots, $3.60 4.00; plums, $2.753.00;
blackberries, $4.25 4.60; tomatoes,$1.10.
Meats Corned beef, Is, $1.60; 2s,
$2.25; chipped. 2.40: lunch tomme. Is.
$3.50; 2s, $6.76(87.00; deviled ham, $1.50
&.io per dozen; roast beef, Is, $1.50:
Fish Sardines, J4S, 76c$2.25; )s,
$2.164.50; lobsters, $2.303.50; sal
mon, tin 1-lb talis, $1.251.50; flats,
$1.75;2-lbs, $2.25 2.50; -barrel, $5.60.
Coffee Costa Rica, 23c ; Kio,2223c;
Salvador, 22c; Mocha, 26,'28c; Ar
buckle's, Columbia and Lion, 100-pound
Dried Fruits 1893 pack, Petite
prunes, 08e; silver, 10 12c j Italian,
810c; German. 68c; plums, 610c:
evaporated apples, 8 10c; evaporated
apricots, 1516c; peaches, 1012lgc;
pears, 7llc per pound.
Salt Liverpool, 200b, $15.50; 100s,
$16.00; 60s, $16.50; stock, $8.509.60.
Syrup Eastern, in barrels, 4055c;
in half barrels, 42(8 57c; in cases, 35
80c per gallon ; $2.25 per keg; California,
in barrels, 2040c per gallon ; $1.75 per
Suoar D, 4''c; Golden 0, 5c ; extra
C, 6'ic ; confectioners' A, 658c ; dry gran
ulated, 534c; cube, crushed anu pow
dered, 638o per pound ; Jc per pound
discount on all grades for prompt cash ;
maple sugar, 15 16c per pound.
Rice No. 1 Sandwich Island, $4.60
4.75; no Japan, $5.005.25.
Beans tUnull white, No. 1, 234'c; No.
2, 2ac; large white, 2,c; pea beans,
234c; pink. 2'ttc; bayou, 234c; butter,
3c; Lima, S'c per pound.
Pickles Barrels, No. 1, 2830c per
gallon; No. 2, 2ti(828c; kegs, 5s, 85c per
keg ; half gallons, $2.75 per dozen ; quar
ter gallons, $1.75 per dozen.
Spices Whole Allspice, 18ff20c per
pound; cassia, Kl(818e; cinnamon, 22
40c; cloves, 18(830c; black pepper, 20
26c; nutmeg, 75(880c.
Raisins liOiidon lavers, boxes, $1.75
2.00; halves, $2.00(82.25; quarters,
$2.25(82.75; eighths, $2.503.00. Ixwse
Muscatels, boxes, $1.60; fancy faced,
$1.75; bags, 3 crown, 4'5c per pound;
4 crown, 5rtr5i,;c. Seedless Sultanas,
boxes, $1.752.00; bags, 6 8c per
Manilla rojie, lt4' in. cir. and up, 10c;
manilla rope, 12-threud. ? diam., lOc;
nianilla rope, 6 and 9-thread, l4 and 6-16
diam., 11c; manilla bail rope, in coils
or on reels. Ilk-; manilla lath varn,
tarred, 9c ; manilla hawser-laid rope'well
horing, etc., 13c; manilla transmission-of-power
rope, 14c; manilla paper twine,
11c; nianilla spring twine, 14c; sisal
rope, IV, in. cir. and upward, "i4e; sisal
rope, 12-thread, f diam., 734c; sisal
rope, 6 and 9-thread, 1 and 5-10 diam.,
S'4c; sisal lath yarn, tarred, 7'4c; hop
vine twine, tarred, "c; sisal paper twine,
Tk funny man with a beard of a week's
ruwxh came and leaned heavily against
the railing In front of the payiug teller.
Jt m bitter chid, aud the world withont
"Maaer Is close." hoarselv whlsm-ivd tha
Amny tnau as he glanced siguiftcautly at
The tale clerk with large glasses paused
eurv 1t1r.au liisiaut,
"Not close as it was. however." ha n.
ile had thrown the fellow Into the fn
Jlieat corner and was now jumping upon
lira with Vith feet.
I'rvwntly the janitor Interfered, and all
a tUl Uetruit Tribune.
ADVANCE IN FARMING
THE AVERAGE FARMER THE BAL
ANCE WHEEL OF SOCIETY.
The Varying Estimate Placed on What
is Known aa the "Average Farmer'
' A Patriot, the Bone and Sinew of
the Country, Etc.
It is curious to note the varying esti
mates that seem to be placed by the
other professions on what is known as
the "average farmer." Just prior to
election he is a patriot, the bone and
sinew of the country, the great conserv
ative force that keeps the government
from going to wreck and ruin. The rest
of the season he is regarded as a growler,
whom nothing seemB to suit. The weath
er is too hot or too cold, the season too
wet or too dry ; either the prices are too
low or the crops too small, and soon un
til the next campaign opens.
It is always safe, however, to judge a
class of men by the work which it per
forms, and judged from this standpoint,
the average farmer averages up quite
well. In the last fifty years the average
farmer has transformed an empire of
waste land into a moderately well-tilled
country. He has made railroads possi
ble and done much toward building
them, for which contributions, voluntary
or involuntary, he has never yet received
a cent of pay or even thanks. He has.
in fact, in many cases been paying divi
dends on interest on his own benefac
tions to these public enterprises.
In the last fifty years the average
farmer has furnished more than four
fifths of the exports of the United States,
while the manufacturing and mining in
terests combined have furnished less
than one-fifth. The average farmer has
made the great cities of the West pos
sible. Were it not for him the village
would have no existence, the county
seat would have no excuse for its being,
and the cities would be what thev were
before the settlement of the Great AVrest.
merely trading posts or crovernmen
garrisons. The average farmer has made
111s impression on his flocks and herd
maue, in iact, more than an imnresamn
These flocks and herds are wholly what
ue nas maue uiem.
They are the measure and expression
of his actual efforts. Thev do not bv
any means show what the average farmer
can uo, uut, wiiac ne nas clone so lar.
Some of them furnish an admirable les
son ot what be can do when he tries.
lhe average farmer has taken the aver
at?e ho?. aS lie Pviato.1 HFttr vhoh aim
and made him so entirely different from
what he was that he does not even rec
ognize the picture of his ancestor as any
near relation and scarcely recognizes his
What the average farmer has done for
the average hog he can do for all the
other breeds of live Btock when he sets
himself to do it, which he will whenever
he sees clearly that it will pay him to do
it. In certain sections of the West the
farmer who is above the average has
taken the average cow and doubled her
uairy capacity, making her for this mir-
pose about three times as good a cow as
before. In other sections the farmer
above the average has taken the beef
cow and made such an improvement that
the two cows are scarcely on visiting
lei-ma 111 me same pasture.
The average farmer looks on the farm
er above the average awhile and predicts
failure in his breeding operations, then
tries it and fails perhaps, and finally
eujsio iiimsuii: 1 see it now; it
oniy uy oeing more man an average
farmer that I can grow stock above the
average." hen the average farmer
sees this Point elearlvthe avernvn u-i 1 1
advance very rapidly and bring with it
uieviiaoiy an advance m the average
cow. horse, pig, sheep, in the average
crops, in me average oi borne comfort,
society, intelligence and influence at
borne and abroad.
The average farmer has done well in
the past. He is the peer of the average
man in any other ciass. He has it in
him to do far better by advancing the
average standard. What is needed is
not ability, but the stern and resolute
I will." In point of fact the standard
of the average farmer is advancing all
l. m : 1 . p. .
hid nine, mure is scarceiv a tarm neigli
uuiuuuu in i ue nest in w 1111:11 there is
not a very apparent advance in farming
as compared with past years, the result
ot advancing intelligence among farm
ers. i'lie average farmer is reading more
papers and better and doing more ex
perimenting in a small wav himself. He
is developing a leadersly'p of which he
iiinv uv pruuu.
His judgment on national affairs is
given greater weight than at any time in
ino (mm is, in met, regarded as more
valuable than the average judgment of
any other class of men. The average
farmer is to-day the great conservative
iuh-o in nocieiy tne naiance wheel, so
to speak, of the social and political sys
tem. If all this be true of the average
farmer, what or who can measure the
possibilities of the farm when the aver
age farmer becomes the equal of what is
now regarded as the best class of farm
Po not stint the yearlings so that it
win take all summer for them to make
up wnai tney lost during the winter.
The averaize Droduet of n nivi unit
fed, properly-handled dairy cow in Scot
land is estimated at f 176 per annum
rating milk at 17 cents a gallon.
Did it ever occur to you that the man
who will not properly bed his cows is the
last one to brush off the tilth that may
get on the udder from such neglect?
If there were better dairvmen, there
would be less delusion and 'disappoint
ment in dairying. The man and thecow
must both be "good" to make dairying
T 1 1 r.l ava . . . ) . . 1 1 .
"V mites ored lor no
i-i-rciuc purjs.se and adapted to no prof
itable use. These are not worth raising,
and ought to die young. Good calves
properly raised, always pay. '
Farniere and gardeners of New Jersey
". ' "'ii.-i"ni uuncuity in
getting a Btand of melons, sweet pota
toes and corn last season, owing to the
severity of the attacks of cutworms.
Kvery bad habit developed bv a cow
is but the reflex of bad management
All animals are what w mnlo !,... w
you see clubs lying outside the stable
you can make up your mind the
kickers inside of it.
The cow and hoc are m ..1..
connected on well-arranged dairy farms
that provistons made for the best results
from the cow go a considerable way in
providing for the most i.r.i!tKu .1..:. ,
opmeut of the hog.
When an animal is sold vou know
whn '"" lt for t. Know vbn what it
costs? M hv not keep an account? Then
you would know whetl.or ..:.. mn
you would know whether farming paVs I
t-uesBing at it settles nothing.8 1 I
men would De contented if they knew
w. w. j.iyui juey niau.
M'hen stock i ready for market it will
mint 11 n nil tu.tt.t UI
" "X liri II Ml II thn ...
appearance Than if a 't,v "J
hetter to bunch or divide th. hV. !
mll..rnMf " lo- 'ntO
the whole; Tlb;TOinn,Z
poorest animal in the lot. '
THE MIDWINTER EXPOSITION
It alwars happens in connection with
expositions of every sort that there are
a few laggards m the line or prepay
tion who postpone tne possiouny oi ,
.... . . iL. ..ff fliof ha
innniui siuteiueuc to ciicf :
exposition is perfectly complete and
ready for the inspection of the public. '
So it has been in the case ot tne juiu- j
winter Exposition, wnen n "'-
mally opened on the 27th of January it
was nearer ready than any large exposi- 1
tion ever was in the history, of the
world, and great haste was made in
pushing the preparations forwari In
two big bnildings, however, vacant
spaces remained for a long time nnoccu-
pied, and it is only during the past week
that these have been open to the public,
The largest of all the SDaces set aside
lhe largest of all the spaces sei as o
for any one nation was that ass gned to
Russia, in the department of Slanutac-
tures and Liberal Arts, and it was this
space the filling of which was so long
delayed. The canvas screens which
separated it from the completed and
busy portions of this great building
were cheerless to look upon, asd had a
eampening effect on the rest of the ex-
,',""8':ucw . ... .
hibitors. But now all that is a thing of
the past, and on this grand space under
the Liberal Arts roof is perhaps the .
finest of all the national exhibits.
So it was also under the big glass
dome of the Horticultural and Agricul-
tural building. The largest of all loca-
tions had been reserved fct Fresno
county, one of the leading counties of
t 4 tn i-t -o n
the state of California. For some reason
the srond nponln nf Fresno county were 1
unable to complete their exhibit until
within a few days past And here, too,
the best wine, so to speak, had been
kept until the last. The great Fresno
county's exhibit is placed in a fac simile
to the Fresno county courthouse. This
architectural counterpart has been made
very beautiful, and in it has been placed
such heaps of oranges and raisins and
prunes and every other conceivable
product of some of the richest soil of
California that the display is voted on
every hand to have been worth waiting
for. II limy he U uiui'uiiy said, there
fore, that the Midwinter Exposition is
now complete, and for four months
more this remarkable display of the
wonderful things from all over the
world in general, and the products of
the empire state of California in partic
ular, will attract world-wide attention.
That the uttention thus far paid to
this exposition may be advisedly re
ferred to as world-wide is made evident
by the registers which are kept in many
of the exposition buildirfgs, and in con
cessional structures. Visitors are asked
to register on the top of the great elec
tric tower, which continues to be per
haps the most attractive architectural
feature of the exposition. They may
register also in the Southern California
building and in ot'.ier California county
buildings. There is also a public reg
ister at what has come to bo known as
"thd corner of the road." From all
these registers an idea of the number of
people who come to the exposition from
abroad enn be accurately obtained, and
it is snrprisinir, even to the Exposition
management, now many strangers are
continually cpming to the city. Parties
of 15 and 20 have been made up in the
far eastern sections of the United States,
and have come on here for a Btay of a
month or six weeks. One party of 80
was made up in Cheshire, England, and
came across the A'tlantic on purpose to
visit an exposition which seemed to
them all the more remarkable in that it
should lo held out of doors in mid
winter. Personally conducted parties
have arrived from Franco, from Gor
mnny and from Austria, and parties of
colonists of India and Australia also
register in groups. The influx of East
ern people has been large, as a matter of
course, since the railroad rate war has
been on, and for fear that a truce would
be patched tip, the number of those who
wish to take advantage of cheap rates
are multiplying every day.
Boone, the lion tamer, is projecting a
special feature in the form of a wrest
ling match between the great man-eating
lion Pnrnell and a grizzly bear.
Tickets for this entertainment are read
ily selling at $20 each.
The greatest of all the recently added
attractions to the exposition is the ap
pearance of Sousa's great band. This
band has been secured by the exposition
management for a period of five weeka.
It could not be secured for a longer time
owing to its engagements in the East
but it bids fair to be one of the sensations
of the exposition during its stay here.
Ita first concert was given on Sunday
evening in the music pavilion near the
Administration building, and an im
mense crowd stood within earshot of the
bandstand during the entire programme.
The experiment of a 25 cent admission
was tried on St. Patrick's day, but un
der circumstances which can hardly
be accepted as a fair test. The St. Pat
rick's day committee paid the exposition
management a bonus for the sake of
having the rate reduced to 25 cents on
that occasion. It was Saturday, and it
was, perhaps, the most beautiful St
Patrick's day ever seen in America;
Undoubtedly there would have been a
large crowd nt the regular rate of 50
cents, or even at $1, end as it was the
crowd numbered almost 70,000 On
Washington's Birthday there we're 85 -000
in attendance at the 50-cent rate
and the concefsionnire's say they made
a great deal more money on the national
holiday than they did on St. Patrick's
day. Their argument is that very
many of thofe who came to the exposi
tion on a 25-cent day have little or
nothing beyond the bare mice nTM.'mi-.
o 4 4 ...
sions, or at least, not much mo ,.
enough to pay their way into one or two
concessions. The result is. that n-m.
there is a great crowd on th 1.
there is not much business done. The
concessionairw are almost unanimous in
favor of maintaining the admission
price at 50 cents. Thev liiro ho nn 4
crowd best and it maybe authorita
tively stated that the exposition m
Saient will not consent to a reduction
The Demand! of Destiny.
Vamoose Did rou ever iro tinfnri.,..
Van Aruih Ves; but I had to b Mm'J.
lied. Kate Field's Washington.
A Queer Inarrlptlon.
The following inscriotlnn Venn MAn.t.
n on the hn-nst nf . i V
"H,lve laJi Bentremen on an
"'rti,a.e human being who TaXlhi.
. Wl oy machinery and who
'refore now obliged to hold out his
hamls for alms. "Paris Journal.
ll'11 lin"'ion of societyVr- i
.1 ?'.nlhii?it?'.Mthe'w VorkTinW Sraed.
-W upon 8 07 r?.1'8
i..i,i 1 v" "ueptionai.
h s also a frequent one, rolls up a
u of nearer 6,000. v
A qiqanTIC BREAK IN THE EARTHV
CRUST CAUSES WONDER.
" ' '1
it Wai supponed That a Meteor
struck There, hut a GeoioEist
Tance, . Theory That an Kxpiain ,ry
the ce Ae nart Through the Surfi'v,
To the sheep herders, the hunters, the ln
dians and the frontiersmen the iKoon ntt
rr Great Hole, as they sometimes call it, 14
i mply a strange hole in the crust of tW.
ruth. Some sheep herders tending tlieii
rocks on the arid plains of southeastern.
Arizona picked up here and there little1
hits of iron ore It was a most pure irou,. j
nuggctlike in shape, and the sheep henlers I
becaIlie enthusiastic, liecnuse they believe(i 1
mJ digcovere(, in tllat coun.
try nn iron mille. go,1 in some excitement,: ?
tjey went to Albuquerque, which is the
i;lrgest town in the vicinity, and going to;. 1
some of the officers of the railroad they if
held out in their hands some of these nug-H
pets of iron and said: "See, isn't this iron? f
If it is, we know where there is amine of,
t very far from here, and we are will-
ing to sell or make arrangements with you I
fc find n ,.
ihvre happened to be in Albuquerque at
that time two mining experts, Dr. Foote, jp
of Philadelphia, and Mr. Barry, anil they f"l
pronounced the specimens magnetic iron j;
of the finest quality, with every indication r f
that it was of meteoric origin. They were s j
therefore, instructed to go to the place in-
dicated by these men and make a thor- 4
01 h expforatioD. H
.. 31.1 aj ? s
uue me exneris uiu uui iiuu hiiv iron r
mine, they did see something which most
greatly interested them, and that was Kooa
Butte or Great Hole. They spent some
little time in examining it, and were satis- i
fled that it was a natural curiosity worthy f
the attention of the ablest scientists. -
Mr. G. K. Gilbert, a scientist of wide re- ';.
pute and great ability, who is connected '
with the geological survey, gave much
thought to the reports, and it occurred to
him that possibly the great hole in the
earth's surface might have been caused by
a gigantic meteor. The theory or sug- '
gestiun came to him on account of a coin- I
ciJuiicc w Lich in laie, if uut uuprec- ?
edented. In the first place there was a
meteoric iron iu small fragments, and in :
the next place a gigantic cruterlike exca- '
vation in the earth's surface, the two con- :
ditions existing side by side. If Mr. Gil- '
bert's theory or idea was correct he be-
lieved it could be easily determined.
Mr. Gilbert determined to visit in com- '
pany with scientific experts the great
hole, to mako experiments and investi
gations that he might ascertain if pos
sible whether his idea was correct, and if .
not, what the cause of the immense curl
osity of deformity, so to speak, was. He '.
took delicate scientific instruments, among '
others compasses which would be sure to
reveal the presence of meteoric iron even
at considerable distance. When he reached
the Koon Butte he made some measure
ments. He found that the crater or hole
was three-fourths of a riiile across, and the
bottom of the hole was 600 feet below the
rim or topmost part of the crust, and 400
feet below the plain or level of the earth's
surface. Therefore, whatever caused this
enormous disturbance of the earth's crust
had forced or squeezed or blown out of the
hole rock and earth sufficient to rim the
circumference about 200 feet above the sur
face of the earth.
The first experiments were made with
the compass. The compasses had been
tested in the navy yard in Washington, so
that it was well known how nefcr a piec1
of magnetic iron would have to be td"3hf "
turb the needle. The tests were exhaust
ive, and not the slightest deflection of the
needle was observed. Mr. Gilbert then
reasoned that if a piece of magnetic or me
teoric iron big enough to make that enor
mous hole was beneath the surface it must
be at least fifty miles below the crust, or
the needle would have given some indica
tion of it. It of course was absurd to sup
pose that any object could have struck the
earth with a velocity sufficient to pene
trate the crust to a distance of fifty miles,
and Mr. Gilbert therefore abandoned the
idea of meteoric origin of this hole and be
gan investigations looking to other expla
nations. He considered many theories, all of
which, on Investigation, with one excep
tion, proved to bo unsatisfactory. He
measured carefully the amount of earth
and rock which composed the rim of the
hole or crater, and then also measured the
space bounded by the hole itself. And lie
found that if the earth and rock which
composed the rim were shoveled back iuto
the hole it would almost exactly All It.
That indicated to a certainty that no for
eign substance was beneath the bottom of
the hole, for if there was the material of
which the rim was composed would more
than fill the hole. This also showed that
the earth and rock had been forced out by
some violent suhterreanean force.
After making some very careful and
delicate experiments Mr. Gilbert reached
this conclusion: He decided that far be
neath the surface of the earth at this point,
perhaps a thousand feet, was a body of
water resting upon primitive rock. The
water from some cause became greatly
heated in a prehistoric age. The amount
of heat must have been enormous, for at
that depth and under that pressure water
does not change to steam until a far higher
degree of heat is reached than 212 degs.,
which is the temperature that converts
water to steam on the surface. Whatever
the degree of heat, it was sufficient to con
vert the body of water into steam ot
enormous extensive power.
The force was sufficient at last to cause
an explosion, to speak without technical
accuracy, or, in other words, the power of
the steam was so great that the earth's
crust even 1,000 feet in t Ickness, was not
ab e to resist it. The pr ssure blew that
hole in the earth's surface, carrying with
It earth and rock, and the force of this ex
plosion was so directed that It made a ver
itable hole almost exactly circular Ex
actly the same thing happened that occurs
when a steam boiler is bursted by the pow
er of steam.
Having satisfied himself as to the cause.
Mr. Gdbert undertook to decide if possible
on the time when the reniarkabuTand
probably unequaled explosion occurred
His investigation led him to believe that
it occurred probably during the ice age,
when the whole northern nnrt nf ti.. v-fii.
American continent was covered with Hin
ders. -New y0rk Suflv
Sues Canal S.ooo Venr. 'A-o.
The Idea of a canal along the present
K.0f.,the fnat 8n " consider
practicable and excavations were actuallr
fommenced upward of 2,000 year7ago a d
In the time of th. e-i Li n..i 3"a
"elphua. 273 yearsforeChr . Tf.r? !
l?vJ TaVmfT r". Vrfecu- The canal
uan a small iifT:iir nf . ,..
or C "'"V"?. " wm ufflclent
for the war galleys of the time. It is a
t ium'trl T' that ClePatra'
Hum, tried to escape by that route, but
Mistress Did vou lenrn lm xr- rr..
w as? wt.io
Servant PIpaiw mum T ..11 1 .
dnnrh.ll k-l 1. ' PUlfO. 81 I lie
aooroell half an hour aud couldn't make
I think the beJl had beea
M,stre-The ideal How 1. the poor In
ihd to know that her fri.n.i.
about her if her heaieTla vc, ha , f7
-ouffled tuedoorbeUfew York Welly! .