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About Lincoln County leader. (Toledo, Lincoln County, Or.) 1893-1987 | View This Issue
Lincoln County Leader.
J. F. STKWAKT, Publisher.
THE STORMY PETRCL.
Borne of theCarioua Superstitions of Old
Ballon Aliout the Jllrd.
One of the best known of the sea
birds is the stormy petrel. It is of tenest
seen during storms, flying above the
waves in search of the shellfish and
other small animals that are brought to
the surface by the tcmiiest. The Bailors
call petrels "Mother Carey's chickens"
and do not view them with much favor,
owing to their being constant compan
ions of storms. Jack thinks that rough
Weather may be expected when he sees
petrols about and is not quite snre that
liiey do not in some way cause the tem
pest. When the bird is on the outlook
for its prey, it seems to walk on the
water. Hence the seumen of olden time,
in allusion to the apostle Peter's walking
on the water, culled the bird petrel, from
the Latin Petrellus, "Little Peter."
So far from the sailor's being supersti
tions as to the capture of another kind
of petrel the Cape pigeon which is of a
black and white color and about the size
of a tame pigeon, 1 have known Jack to
take a hand occasionally in capturing
them as a bit of recreat ion during a dog
watch. In southern latitudes the Cape
pigeons follow a ship in thousands. The
method of catching them is peculiar. A
common bottle cork is tied to the end of
a long pieco of thread and trailed astern
so that the cork touches tho water. This
gives tho required tautnoss to the thread.
As the birds (ly in clouds from side to
side UHtern some of them constantly
strike the thread with their wings, and
the resistance is enough to turn them
over it, when tho thread is wrapped
round the wing and the bird is hauled
on board. In this manner I have seen
hundreds caught in a day.
On one rtecHsinn n dinner nMn cnw.
lng passengers to India, captured pigeons
by hundreds, and tho surgeon by some
mischunco succeeded in entangling a
Now the doctor was an enthusiastic
naturalist and what to tho sailors is
known ns a "landlubber" that is, he was
on Ids first voyage. The doctor at once
took the specimen to his cabin and made
preparations to skin and preserve it. In
hot husto a deputation of seamen, headed
by the old gray haired suilmiikor, came
ait with a request that the petrel bo set
at liberty, saying Unit otherwise tho ship
and all on board would surely suiter.
Tho doctor, somewhat surprised, in
tended to set tho bird free, but his en
thusiasm as a naturalist prevailed over
tho superstitious warning, and when tho
sailors had disappeared the bird was add
ed to his collection. TIri fact soon be
came known forward among the men,
and tho doctor was regarded with black
looks by the crow for the remainder of
In the course of tiino tho good ship
anchored in the Hugh river, and that day
at dinner the doctor suddenly died.
Tliero was a gathering of the sailors
around tho windlass that dogwatch, and
tho doctor's sudden death was attributed
bythosuperHtilious sailors to his slaugh
ter of tho stormy putrid. St. Nicholas.
A New Wrlnklit.
"Please, sir, will yon give mo B cents?"
"Uivo you B cents!" echoed tho young
man in surprise, fur his applicant was a
pretty, refined looking little girl of about
10 summers, whoso clothing looked as
though she were a child of fortune, not
"Yes, sir. I want it to pay my car
faro with. I lost thu nickel mamma
gave inc." Of courso the young man
gladly gave the girl the desired 5 cents,
and she fairly beamed upon him. Tho
incident happened at Broad and Client
nut street. Not long after tho young
mini was waiting for a car on Walnut
Street, ii lid it so happened that ho was
thinking of the pretty face of tho child,
"Well," mused ho to himself, "I'm
glad I happened to bn tliero in time.
Some parents are awfully careless of
their children, though. Think of thu
little thing having to ask for money. It's
There came a slight pull at his coat
sleeve. Tlien a sweet, weak voice that
seemed familiar said, "Please, sir, will
you givo mo 3 cents;"
Thu young mini turned as if stung. He
could hardly believu his owncyce. "You
see, sir" begun tho sweet voico again.
"Yes, I know all about it. You lost
tho money your mother gavo you for car
It never phased tho little one, She
mailed divinely uud answered, "Y'es.how
did you guess it?" Lint thu young man
had caught a passing car, and tho look
on his face set several of thu passengers
wondering. Philadelphia Press.
A lltimriimile Ititriitiiider.
A simple barometer can be made by
filling a common, wide mouthed pickle
bottle within three incites of the top
with water. An ordinary Florence oil
flask should be washed thoroughly and
tripped of its straw covering. This
should bo inverted uud its neck plunged
as far as it will go iu tho pickle Iku1o.
This gives a complete barometer. In flue
weather tho wutor will rise into the neck
of the flask higher than the neck of the
pickle bottle, in wet and windy weather
it will full to within an inch of the mouth
of the flask, lteforc a heavy gale of wind
and at b ust eight hours before the gale
reached its height the water lias, it it
said, liecn seen to leave tho flask alto
gether. New York Telegram.
A lludlnru Hook.
Young Fish There's a hook with
nles worm on it.
Old Fish Keep away from that.
Young Fish I've stolen lots of worms
off of hooks.
Old Fish Yes, hut there isn't any
fashion plate fr fleeted iu the water this
time. That book Niungs to a freckled
. faced boy, with a rugged straw hat
New York Weekly.
Hardly to lie Ki peeled.
"Were you calm and collected at tba
battle of Sedan, major?"
"Well, madam, 1 wus calm enough,
but I wasn't collected. With a leg in
one part of the field, an arm iu another
and uiy left ear in a third place, collec
tion was difficult." Pearson's Weekly.
Ho Show That Night.
Albert llosclus Boulklclgu UuU arrivd
In Uanivllle) Why, my Unit boy, do ru
thrjw snowballs bo persistently at yonder
Utile Hoy (continuing to throw)-Preo.
Uoia fur touight's show. C'hioago Kvcord.
Premonition or tba Death of s Butte Clt
Woman and Her Bister.
A short tine n-ro Mrs. Thomas J. Jef
fries of Butu City, Mon., was killed at A
railroad crossing while out driving. Many
of the friends of the deceased lady now re
call a presentiment she had of her approach
ing death and in the manner she met IU
Only a few days before her death the called
on several of ber neighbors and told them
be bad an indescribable feeling of impend
ing danger, and that she knew she would
Her friends tried to persuade her that
there was nothing to fear from such a pre
sentiment and urged ber to dismiss the
matter from her mind. She would not be
dissuaded, however, and requested the
friend to whom she was talking to interest
herself in the child when she wasdead;also
named certain of her neighbors whom she
desired to prepare her body for burial. At
the same time she expressed a wish that no
other persons be permitted to touch her
body.' In fact, she made all suggestions
for ber funeral and the care of the child she
would leave motherless.
A day or two before the fatal accident
Mrs. Jeffries was out buggy riding with a
party. During the drive they Imd occasion
to cross a railroad track. A train was ap
proaching from the distance, and although
so fur awr.y that there was no danger the
lady thought the accident she so vividly ex
pected was about to overtake ber and near
ly fainted in consequence. When all danger
had passed, her attention was called to the
evident absurdity of her fears, but she sim
ply maintained that the time had not yet
arrived, and that sooner or later ber pre
sentiment would prove true.
As a further evidence of the lady's
strange power to forecast and receive pre
monitions of impending calumities, it is re
lated by one of her friends that some time
ago she hud a vivid dream of a funcri 1
passing her door. Hue asked some one as
to whoso funeral it was. The answer, as
she heard it. in her dream, whs that tho
dead person was her sister. Mrs. Jeffries
felt that the dream portended something
unVrtonnte, but was hardly prepared for
the telegram whl : i sho received next day
telling of dc u of her sister, which
occurred at her homo iu tho east.
Mrs. Jeflries was the last of a family of
children. A brother of hers was also killed
in an accident several years ago, and it is
related that the ramc r.trange gift tho
had a premonition of his death. Pittsburg
The Last or Ills Ilace.
Important officials sometimes forget that
tliero are persons who can afford to disre
gard their Importance. A purse proud old
nobleinau was traveling through the rural
districts of (Sweden. Due day lie stopped
his carriage at a country tavern and called
out in an imperious tone:
"Horses, landlord! Horses at once!"
"I am very much pained to inform you
that you will have to wait over an hour be
fore fresh horses can lie brought up," re
plied tho landlord calmly.
"Howl" violently exclaimed the noble
num. "This to met My man, I demand
Then observing tho fresh, sleek looking
ones which were being led up to another
carriage, ho continued:
"Fur whom uro those horses?"
"They were ordered for this gentleman,"
replied tho landlord, pointing toa tall, slim
Individual a few paces distant.
"I say, my man," called out the noble
man, "will you let inn bnve tboso horses if
I pay you a liberal bonus?"
"No," answered tho slim man. "I intend
to use them myself."
"Perhaps you are not aware who I am!"
roared tho now thoroughly agitated and
Irato nolileniun. "I am, sir, Field Marshal
Huron lieorge Hpurro, tho lust uud only one
of my nice."
"I am very glad to hear that," said the
slim man, stepping Into his carriage. "It
would be a terrible thing to think that
there might lie mora of you coming. I nm
inclined In think that your raco will bu a
Tho slim muu was the king of Stvedun.
1'osttlon During Sleep.
Almost every ono has a fuvorito position
during sleep, and no end of theories and be
liefs is Indulged In on the subject of the
proper position, location and mineral condi
tion for that sleep "that knits up tho rav
eled sluBVeuf care." Maiiyphysieiunsarguo
that ono should cultivate tho habit of sleep
ing on tho right side, especially if one has
Indulged In a full meal lato in tlio evening
The food makes its exit from the stomack
on the right ide, and It Is for this reason
claimed that the position Is more favorable
to digestion without olTort. This Is impor
tant, as allot the facilities and functions
should have a certain amount of rest, and
In uo way is this as easily attainable as
during the hours of sleep.
Other iiuthorlt ies say that one should al
ways lie on tho back, but there are excel
lent reasons why this Is not wise. Tho
weight uf the stomach and Its contents
rests upon tho spine, which often affects the
nerves. Homo severe eases of innomnia have
ticcn cured by tho huhit of sleeping on the
face. This Is easy to do and Is the most
comfortable position If ono dispenses with
the pillow. One young man, w ho hud ex
hausted all thu skill of the doctors, fell
into tho habit of lying on his face, with bis
right arm under his head, which was turned
slightly to ono side. Hy this chnngu natu
ral ret soon oauio to him, anil he entirely
recovered. Whatever osltloti one may
choose to take, a little practice will makett
comfortable, and the experiment la well
worth trying. Xew Yolk Ledger.
A Wi-ililhii nn Wheel.
In order to assist lieorge J. Hefoy and
Mrs Mary F.llen Simpsou to be iiimtiih;
and catch the Victoria boat. Justice
Sharp this morning mule them iiiau
and wtfu in a hack while the horse
were lieitig driven at a rapid mce to
the wharf. A minister refused to marry
the conpln, and only ten minutes re
inuincd More the departure of the boat
when the justice was found. Tacoma
Cor. Seattle Post-Intelligencer
Water the Color i.f lllomt.
The red snow which covers the criin
sou dills uf the coast of (trcrnlaiid was
slipped to tw due to the tvtleviion of a
red aurora, but it is now known to Is
caused by a miuiitoorgamsm Not long
ago the water of Port Jackson harbor
Sydney, became the color of Wood, and
on investigating the mutter Mr. Thomas
Whitelegge found the color produced by
myriads uf a species of Ulotiodiuiniu.
New York Journal.
Two Veare llelwevn Steele.
Two years ago Mrs. Adam Windier
of Whitehall, ate her lust heart v meal
Then she rapidly lost all desire for food
ami finally she could .not cut a iiiorwi
For more than a yeai ulie has fasted
not being able to eat at all. Hers in the
most wonderful case of the kiud pliysi
clan have any record of. She is grow
ing weaker. Cor. Philadelphia Kecord
The "tribute of shawls" annually paid
by the government of Cashmere to the
queen of Kngland, and principally used
by her for wedding preaeuts, has recent
ly arrived at Windsor.
Hie largest Herman sailing vessel Is a
four masted bark, built at tlcmleuiuude.
Kite measure .7tfo tons net and baa
caT tug capacity of 4.4JU lout
New York Chinese Engage in
the Mercantile Business.
AS ASTI-WILSOX BILL PETITION
Uufe Gold Xugget Found In Colora
do Railroad Employes En
joined from Striking-.
Of seventy-nine suicides in Boston
last year sixty were women.
The World's Fair expenses amounted
at Chicago to over $20,000,000.
New York city brewers have given
$10,000 to relieve the unemployed.
Proceedings for the dissolution of the
Chicago gas trust, it is said, are contem
plated iu Illinois.
A gold nugget weighing 15fl pounds
has been found on the Campion property
at lireckiurtdge, Col.
The merchants of St. Louis are paying
the school tax, which they have been
fighting in the courts.
There was a decrease of $3 per mile in
the net earnings of the railroads of the
country thu past year.
A syndicate of English capitalists lias
bought the Fisk gold mine near Black
hawk, Col., for $500,000.
The largest di.itillery in the world is
to be built at Terre Haute, Ind., as a
rival to the whisky trust.
The Mississippi Legislature voted
down a bill for the establishment of a
disabled Confederates' home.
A Baltimore packer w ill erect in Omaha
one of the largest vegetable and chicken
canning factories iu the West.
Surprisingly favorable results are said
to have resulted from experiments in
feeding wheat to hogs in Kansas.
Baltimore lire insurance underwriters
lutvu turned Lou titles because ul i'uv al
leged inadequate fire department.
The estimated revenue of Chicago for
this year will bo aliout $8,000,000. Last
year the revenue was f 1,000,1)00 more.
Malignant tonsilitis, due to cigarette-
smoking, caused the death of Commo
dore C. H.Colt of Hartford in Florida.
The silver production of the United
States last year is estimated at 00.000.-
'Vki ounces, against (15,000,000 ounces in
The total property loss of Kansas Citv
by lire last year was about (703.715. witii
insurance involved to the amount of $4,
1170,000. According to Secretary Carlisle the
people of Utah owe the United Slates
f72!i,6ri.ri lor thu expenses of prosecutions
si ncu 1H76.
Tho Mavor of Cincinnati has been au
thorized bv tho Council to expend $100.-
000 for improvements to givu work to the
Iu Khoilo Island they still ring the
Statehouso bell to call the Legislature
together. It is a large bell, and can be
heard all over thu Statu.
Many Chinese in Now York have dis
carded thu laundry business and devel
oped into merchants. The Oriental goods
mo popular in the metropolis.
Tho Baltimore American expects the
proposed electric railway between Balti
more and Washington to bu in operation
neioru lliu summer ot next year.
A bill is to be introduced in tho New
York Legislature to provide for the es
tablishment in cities of 75,000 inhabi
tants of free public bureaus of employ
ment. The troubles in thu Mansfield mining
district iu Pennsylvania aru at an end
apparently. Thu Slavs, who rati things
as they pleased lor awhile, have been
Tho railroad employes of Pennsylvania
luivo formed an association to combine
on candidates for thu Legislature. It is
c aimed that 100,000 men will voto to
gether. The ollicial returns show an Increase
in exports from Canada for thu past s'x
months of nearly (4,000,000. Thu im
ports for the past six months increased
I ho speech of Senator Jones of Ne
vada during the silver debate will till
ninety pages of the Congressional Rec
ord, and a special number has been as
signed to it.
On thu proposed subwav to cross the
city of Boston $5,000,000 are to bu ex
pended. Passengers will bo carried from
I "in k Square to the Union station on
Causeway street in four minutes.
The petitions presented to Congress
sguinst the Wilson bill hear thu names
ot 1,250,000 persons, tho largest nuiiilier
ol remonstrants ever known in thu ease
of a pending scheme of legislation.
The New York Statu Railroad Com
mission intends to ask legislation giving
it power to act us arinter in grade-cross-ing
u alters. The idea comes from Mas
sachusetts, wliere.it has been successful.
Judge McAdum of the Superior Court
of New York, who has prohuhlv granted
more divorces than any living Judge, has
ruled that if men set traps to catch un-
laitlilul wives they cannot get divorces.
Judge Dundy at Omaha has issued an
outer i educing wages on tho Union IV
cillc system. The average reduction per
man is $.1.52 per month. Thu employes
are enjoined from striking against the
ltostou has been seized with the sub
urb annexation fever again. A bill has
been introduced in the Legislature to ul
low tho "Hub" to gather to itself all
towns within ten miles of its gilded
President Harper of the Chicago Uni
versity is rciHirlcd to have stated that
the story of Cain and Able is a myth,
with no more truth in it, as far is known.
than the story of thu wooden borso that
tigured in thu capture of Trov, or thiiii
the mvth of Remus and Romulus as
connected w ith the founding ot Koine
The I .aw and tinier league at Jackson
ville, Ha., lias resolved to make it livclv
(or the principals, aiders and alx'ttors in
the CorlsMt-Miti hell tight. It hohUthat
the injunction grunted by Judge Call was
un evasion ol thu prescribed statutes,
and if thu Slate authorities do not very
soon bring the matter up for review iii
thu Supreme Court, the league willdoao.
Thu peculations of James Anderson of
Indiana, a well-connected ladof IS years,
who is ein ploved as a messenger iii thu
Treasury vaults at Washington, prove
more serious than was at tirst supposed.
They ant mitt to $7t4 as far as ascer
tained, and the inquiry is still iu prog
ress. When the theft was tirst discovered
it was supposed to amount only to a few
dollars, and at the request of the Treas
ury officials publication ol the fact was
suppressed. Anderson had access to the
I silver vaults for the purpose of showing
visitors through, lie pried open the
wood work ol some of the silver chests
near the lattice work, slit the bags con
taining the silver dollar and helped
himself to a few dollars at a time as he
Berlin intends to annex some rich sab
orbs. The English naval estimate (or 1894
amount to 7,000,000.
The Queen of Afghanistan baa decided
to adopt European dress.
Paris may follow Manchester's exam
ple and become a seaport.
Thousands of peasants are in a itarv-,
ing conuuion in Hungary.
A pedigree look of high-bred cats has
just been publisned in England.
A comparison of French exports shows
a great decrease in the year past.
Kossuth says his " History of Hun
gary " is almost ready for the prees.
People in England are fined 40 shil
lings for walking on a railroad track.
Sweden will aripnil t9. 700 I I1V1 urlm f..i-
five years in building new war ships.
Ixindoners pay a trifle over 4 a head
in taxes, local and national, per year.
Premier Crispi expresses great desire
to end the commercial war with France.
It lias been definitely settled that Eng
land is to buy the trunk-line telephones.
The Emperor of Germany has become
interested in the American game of
In no country has the marriage rate
declined to greatly in recent years as in
For commenting too freely on govern
ment plans the Moniteur 'de Rome has
In the opinion of the London Times
the new American bonds are not likely
to be taken in England.
'1 ho Liverpool overhead electric rail
way has proved a great success in its op
eration since lust March.
Russia and France are preparing for
an intereonferring of honors during the
coming Franco-Russian fetes.
The Japanese Emperor has just re
ceived from the Kaiser of Germany as a
present a uorse vamea at fU,lJ0.
From all accounts from Germany the
young Kaiser made all the advance for
reconciliation with Prince Bismarck.
Mr. Balfour in his speech at Manches
ter announced that England has now on
laud io scares trance and itussia.
Brigandage has become more common
in Spain in consequence, the authorities
say, of the large number of unemployed, i
During last year 13.047 fewer emiirrantn 1
left the United Kiuirdom for nlaees out
of Europe than during the previous year.
I he grandson of jrl Bvron child of
the bsplcss Ada has succeeded to the
earldom of Lovelaco by the death of Ins
A new kind of fuel, made from solidi
fied petroleum and other materia Is. is
now being extensively manuiactured in
The French customs revenue for 1893
whs 28,000.0011 francs below the estimate
and 2 ",ti00,000 francs below the revenue
Tim French Chamber of Deputies baa
rejected 347 to !I0 a motion to reduce
thu taxes of farmers cultivating thuir
own fields. .
The Prussian budget for 18P-4 shows a
deficit of $10,000,000, mostly due to in
creased war expenses in a time of pro
The amount of money received and
expended for the relief of the miners
during the recent general strike in Eng-
iuiki was Jtuu.v i-i.
The government of Francois convert
ing its 4' per cent bonds into S'i per
cents in order to save 1 pr cent iu the
annual interest charge.
The Belgian armv has a soldier (1 feet
li1... inches tall, who is allowed double
rations, on recommendation of his Colo
nel, on account of his size.
Gladstone is so admired in Spain that
all parties in tho Basque provinces have
sent to him at Biarratz a neighborly
message and a symbol of liberty.
The next Universal Exposition opens
in Antwerp on May 5 of this year. The
next alter that, as far as at present
known, will be the Paris Exposition of
Berlin cab drivers to tho number of
between 400 and 500 have struck against
a polieo order requiring them to wear
white glazed huts as a distinguishing
murk of their calling.
The Russian government, which aban
doned the idea of an income tax some
time ago, has now determined to impose
a tux upon the rental of occupied houses,
to bu paid by the tenants.
It costs Great Britain $20,000 to scrape
the barnacles oil' the bottom of one of
its big nien-of-war and repaint it, and
this lias to be done twice a year in the
case of nearly every vessel.
There are some signs in Russia of a
relaxation of thu authorities toward the
peasants and Socialists. A greater meas
ure of economic justice is hinted at in
many public documents.
The Czar in a telegram to the Governor
of Moscow expressing thanks for New
Year's congi at illations says: " May God
grant peace, ro t ami general welfare to
nil nations, nod more especially to my
own dear country."
Paris, not satisfied with the river Seine,
seeks a shorter cut to thu open sea, and
a ship canal to Rouen has la-en proposed.
There would be no great physical obsta
cles in tho w ay, since the points are only
alsiitt seventy miles apart.
According to sn advertisement con
tained in the Punish Government Ga
zette, published in Copenhagen, two big
volcanoes are for sale. They are situat
ed in Iceland, and are the principal at
tractions id the island. The owner asks
for them the sum of $400 u piece.
A concession has been secured by an
Aniciican tor the construction of an
electric railway lK-tweeii Tokio and Yo
kohama, a distance of about thirty
miles. Two American engineers are said
to l now on their wav to Japan in con
nect ion with the matter.
Tliero may be another attempt at rev
olution in the Republic of Colombia.
The government is on the alert. General
Ruiz, military chief of the Liberals in
the piovin -e of Panama, has been ar
rested in H.iranquiila and taken to Pan
ama. He is guaided moot carefully.
The S.x-iulist students of the Univer
sities of Beilin, Freiburg. Mucnster,
Marburg and Kiel for the tirst time in
thu Instoiy of German universities have
made a public declaration of their So
cialist sentiments by dispatching an ad
dress to the International Congress of
Socialist Students at Geneva.
Lieutenant John H. Alexander, a tal-
i cnted colored officer, ho has been ap
j pointed to the professorshp of military
science and tactics at Uberlorv I ni
veiity, WilU-rforee, ., is the tiist ap
pointment of its kind to be made in this
Pittsburg is very happy over the ar
rival of a heavv cargo of molasses by
steamer direct from New Orleans, the
tlist on 'l. Heretofore the rule has
Invn to break cargo at Cincinnati and re
ship. Kosina Yoke was the last ol the fa
mous family ot that name.
FABM AND GAKDEN.
Culled Matter of Interest to
the Thoughtful Farmer.
DRAWIXG WATER FfiOH A WELL
Cement Replacing- Boards for Floor
Iitf uf Stables, Piggeries,
Cement is largely replacing boards for
flooring of summer kitchens, poultry
and dairy houses, for stables, piggeries,
cowsheds, walks. Wherever the place
the principle is the tame. Dig out suffi
cient to admit from twelve to twenty
inches of stone, large at the bottom,
with smaller to till iu the chinks. Pound
the stone well together, so there shall be
no alter settling and to leave as little
space between as possible. Mix one part
beet cement and two parts sharp sand
with water, to be thin enough to pour,
and use for filling among the stones.
The next coat should be thicker and be
a couple of inches aliove the stones and
not used until it hardens. Whether walk
or floor prepare always for the wash;
that is, have a slope to a drain that will
prove a water-shed. The beauty of the
floors aside from their indestructibility
is that they can be washed ; but to have
all the good that should follow flushing
there must be a drain. Some say cement
floors are too cold for poultry and cattle
sheds and pig pens. No one questions
this, but no one supposes such floors are
to remain bare, but are to be covered
with litter. Tons of leaves have already
been gathered for the poultry-house. In
one place several loads of earth have
been brought in, and it is already scat
tered two inches deep over the "floors.
The droppings, raked up once a week.
go into burrels under cover for use in the
garden next spring. In the cow and pig
pens and in the stables the litter is straw,
and a exid generous lied of it. The flisirs
in the horse, cow and pig houses should
have drains for carrying the liquid ma
nure to reservoirs prepared to save it.
WELL VS. 1-00HLY BALANCED RATIONS.
From a lato bulletin of the Maryland
agricultural station on data as between
a well-balanced vs. a poorly-balanced
ration we give a summary of conclusions
as follows : For fattening steers a well
balanced ration is very much more prof
itable than a poorly-balanced one. Steers
fed on a well-balanced rat on made an
average daily gain of 2.78 pounds; those
given a poorly-balanced ration made an
average daily gain of 1.7 pounds. The
increased profits from this test showing
a dill'erence of 1 08 per steer were in fa
vor of the well-balanced ration. With a
well-balanced feed ninety days is ample
time in which to piepare an "animal foi
maiket. Where the more nitrogenous
foods are used it is believed nearly as
good daily gains can be made by mixing
the grain with cut corn fodder as though
bay were used. The use of cut com fod
der instead of hay m feeding cattlu may
make the difference of a profit instead
of a loss. Kilty per cent more manure
was made from the animals receiving
thewell-biiliiuced ration than Irom those
receiving the poorly-balanced one. The
manure is also much richer in plant
don't enlakok the farm.
Farm Newa says; There seems to be a
very general desire on the part of the
farmers ot this country to obtain a larger
quantity of hind. There are cases in
which this is a wise ambition, but such
instances are not nearly as common as is
the wish to obtain larger farms. Under
the present conditions of agriculture our
farmers us a iiilealrt ody have more land
than they can cultivate to the best ad
vantsge. As things are now, and as they
are likely to be for a long time to come",
the profits of farming are to be increased
by securing larger crops per acre rather
than by tilling a larger number of acres.
Most of the farmers w ho wish tlmt they
bad more land now on considerable
areas which have not vet been brought
nearly up to their limit of profitable
production. In these cases the owners
will find it much more profitable to ma
nure their present tields more liberally
and cultivate them more thotouglily
than it will be to spread their work over
a huge number of ucrcs.
BEST WAY OP MAKING HAY.
The poor men in Finland accidentally
discovered the best way of making hay".
Having no meadows of their own, they
cut the grass oil' waste lands, and for
want of roads they stinted it among the
branches of neiglilsirmg trees to wait
the winter snows, when they could carry
it home on sledges. After a wet season
the farmers noticed this hay was better
in quality than they iiiude" from better
grass, so they made' imitation trees by
setting up poles ten feet long, with long
traverse pegs, and heaped the grass loose
ly upon them; tho result was excellent.
Even in wet weather onlv a small por
tion of the outside was dissolved, while
the inner portions, exposed to the air
beneutli and protected from the rain
above, are dried in perfect condition.
Mowing can bo carried on in spite ol
wind and ruin, and when once the grass
is placed upon the drying polos it may
be left without serious damage until the
PKlWISO WATER FROM THE WELL.
The cheapest and easiest method of
drawing water from a well 100 feet deep
is by a force pump and a windmill, says
the Rural World. To convey the water
to a house on an elevation a pipe may be
attiicncd io a pump, and to keep up a
constant supply there should lie a cistern
near the bouse, w Inch would hold a stock
for uc in case of failure of the wind at
anytime. Where thu cold is intense in
the winter the pump inuv be placed in
the cellar, well protected by a bank over
it and a double door, and the discbarge
pipe should be laid in the ground below
the reach of the frost. It will ba a help
to till the ditch in w hich the pie is laid
with sawdust or cluill' and to lay the pipe
in a wooden Ikx, so as to have air
THE Ct.trrlNO OF HOKSES.
The benefits ol clipping are that horses
at work, encumliered by long, thick coats
ol iiair, sweat prolusely, and thereby
cause a great waste to the system, anil
their health and usefulness are promoted
by the removal ol their natural covering.
When sweating from any cause unduly
occurs in the horse it is always noticed
that it is accoinpsnicd bv waste of mus
cle, general debility and loss of tone.
The Flnt l'Uno.
JCo one can tell exactly w ho made the first
piano for the reason that it has graduallv
"evolved-' from an instrument as much un
like itself as one could well imagine. Io
h twelfth century It appears to have been
a gigantic dulcimer, w hich was merely n
oblong box holding a series of strings ar
ranged in triangular form across its center.
Iu the thirteenth nnd fourteenth centuries
the "clavtcfcord," another niuical mon
tjosity, had developed from it and was
Osfd well up in the eighteenth century.
About 171 1 Christofnll cf Padua Invented a
ril piano, but it U naid to remind one of a
coal box wLn compared with the rleaot
i d Prf3 tgaed. iustxumentot today.-' '
THE PORTLAND MARKETS.
Wheat Vallev, 87$90c; Walla
Walla, 8081c per cental.
Eastern Smoked Meats and Lard
Hams, medium, 12 g 13c per pound;
hams, large, llj12.c; bams, picnic,
11 (a. 12c; breakfast bacon, 13(15c;
short clear sides, llgl3c; dry salt sides,
lOsQllc; dried beef hams. 12 13c;
lard, compound, in tins, 9i10jic per
pound; pure, in tins, llj135c; pigs'
feet, 80s, $5.50; pigs' feet, 40s, $3.00.
BOPS, WOOL AND HIDES.
Hops '93s, choice, 15 16c per pound ;
medium, 10(gl2c; poor, 6(u7c.
Woot. Valley, 10llc per pound;
Urnpqua, ll(ftl2c; Eastern Oregon, 6
10c, according to quality and shrinkage.
Hides Dry selected prune, 6c; green,
salted, 00 pounds and over, 3,L2c; under
oO pounds, 2iij 3c; sheep pelts, shearlings,
10(xl6c; medium, 2035c; long wool,
30 (a 00c; tallow, good to choice, 33,V
LIVE AND DRESSED MEAT.
Beef Top steers, $2.50 3.00 j fair to
good steers, $2.00uj2.25; cows, $2.00
2.25; dressed beef, 4(a6)c per pound.
Mutton Best sheep, $2.50; ewes,
$2.25; lambs, $ .
Hogs Choice heavy, $4.00(34.25 ; me
dium, $4-00; light and feeders, $3.90
4.00; dressed, 6(270 per pound.
Veai, Small choice, 6c; large, 4c per
Manilla rope, li in.cir. and up, 10)c;
inanilla rope, 12-tliread, diain., 11c;
mauilla rope, 6 and 9-thread, M and 5-16
diain., ll,Stc; inanilla bail rope, in coils
or on reeis, 1032c; manilla lath yarn,
tarred, 9c ; manilla hawser-laid rope well
boring, etc., 13c; manilla transmission-of-power
rope, 14c; manilla paper twine,
11c; manilla spring twine, 14c; sisal
rope, 1 4 in. cir. and upward, 7c; sisal
rope, 12-thread, dium.. 7c; sisal
rope, 0 and 9-thread, 1 and 5-16 diam.,
8c; sisal lath yarn, tarred, 7c; hop-vine
twine, tarred, 7c ; sisal paper twine, 8$c.
FLOUR, FEED, ETC.
Flour Portland, $2.75; Salem. $2.75:
Cascadia, $2.75; Dayton, $2.75; Walla
walla, 3.ou; bnowtlake, $2.80; Corval
lia, $2.65; Pendleton, $2.65; Graham,
2.40; superfine, 2.25 per barrel.
Oats White, 3334c per bushel;
gray, 3132c; rolled, in bags, $6.25
6.60; barrels, $0.75(7.00; in cases, $3.75.
Millstuffb Bran, 1316: shorts.
$15(16; ground barley, $1618; chop
feed, $15 per ton ; whole feed barlev. 60(5l
70c per cental; middlings, $23(d28 per
ton; chicken wheat, 05c (g $1.15 per
Ha Good, $1012 per ton.
Butter Oreiron fancv creamerv. 30(3
32,'6e; lancy dairy, 25(i27)ac; lair to
good, 20(a22,ljc; common, lOigniac per
pouna; uaiilornli, DUiitooo per roll.
Cheese Oregon, 10(gl3c; Califor
nia, c; Young America, 1215c;
Swiss, imported, 30(g32c; domestic, 16
IHc per pound.
Eaos Oregon, 1415c per dozen ; East
ern, nominally the same.
Poultry Chickens, mixed, quoted at
3.00wt3.50 per dozen; ducks, $4.00(3
6.00; geese, $8.509.00; turkeys, live,
uy iic per pound ; dressed, 14c.
VEGETABLES AND FRUITS.
Vegetables California cabbage, U4C
per pound ; potatoes, Oregon, 60ta75c per
sack ; onions, $1.25 per sack ; sweet pota
toes, 3c per pound; California celery,
5(i!l0cj artichokes, $1.00ffl.l0 per
dozen; California lettuce, 2035c per
dozen; Oregon hothouse lettuce, 40
50c; cauliflower, $2.76 per crate, 90c
per dozen; parsley, 25c per dozen;
sprouts, $1.00(ji;1.25 per box; string
beans, 15(a,18c per pound; asparagus,
12'..c per pound; Los Angeles tomatoes,
$2.00 per box.
rauiTssiicily lemons, $4.00(24.50 pel
box; California fancy, $3.50(u;4.00; com
mon, $2.50i3.00; bananas, $1.50(3.00
per bunch; Honolulu, )f 1.60(22.50; Cali
lornia navels, $2 25 u2.75 per box; seed
lings, $1.25(u2.00; Japanese, $1.75(2.00;
sunllower, $2.76; apples (buying price),
green, 60(265c per box; ted, 5075c
tale winter pears, 65(a80c per box.
Canned Goods Table fruits, assorted,
$1.76.2.00; peaches, $1.86(s2.00; Bart
lett pears, $1.76(!52.O0; plums, $1.37),
i.ouj strawoernes, $2.zo(s.4o; cherries,
$2.25(t2.40; blackberries, $1.85(a2.00;
laspberries, $2.40; pineapples, $2.25($
2.80; apricots, $1.65. lie fruits,
assorted, $1.20; peaches, $1.25; plums,
$l.U0sl.20; blackberries, $1.25(g 1.40 per
dozen. Pie fruits, gallons, assorted,
$3.15(it3.50; peaches, $3.604.00; apri
cots, $3.50(g4.00; plums, $2.76(g3.0O;
blackberries, $4.26(g4.50 ; tomatoes, $1.10.
Meats Corned beef, Is, $1.50; 2s,
$2.25; chipped, $2.40; lunch tongue, Is,
$3.60; 2s, $0.75(a7.00; deviled ham. $1.60
iu2.75 per dozen; roast beef, Is, $1.50;
Fish Sardines, Js, 75c$2.25j Js,
$2.15(d4.60; lobsters, $2.30(o;3.50; sal
mon, tin 1-lb talis, $1.25(31.50; flats,
$1.75;2-lbs, $2.26(32.60; -barrel, $6.60.
Coffee Costa Kica, 23.Sc; Rio, 22,'s
23c; Salvador, 23S;c; Mocha, 26)j(3
28c; Arbuckle's, Columbia and Lion,
100-pound cases, 25(330c per pound.
Dried Fruits 1893 pack, Petite
prunes, 0(u8c; silver, 10(3 12c; Italian,
SifllOc; Herman, 6(?8c; plums, 6(3 10c:
evaporated apples, 8(3 10c; evaporated
apricots, 15((jl6c; peaches, 10(sl2c;
pears, 7 (3 He per pound.
Salt Liverpool, 200s, $15.60; 100s,
$16.00; 60s, $16.60; stock, $8.60(39.60.
SYRl'r Eastern, in barrels, 40ia55c;
in half barrels, 42ia 57c; in cases, 35(3
80c per gallon ; $2.25 per keg ; California,
111 barrels, 20(3 40c pef gallon ; $1.75 per
Sugar D, 4'8'c; Golden C, 4s'c; extra
C, 44j c ; confectioners' A, 6 lgc ; dry gran
ulated, 5'4c; cube, crushed and pow
dered, 6,c per pound ; 4C per pound
discount on all grades for prompt cash;
maple sugar, 15(3 16c per pound.
Kick No. 1 Sandwich Island, $4.75
5.00; no Japan in market.
Beans Smull white, No. l,2?4'c; No.
2, 2'sc; large white, 2c; pea beans,
2'4c; pink, 2'8c; bayou, 2'4c; batter,
3c; Lima, 3'4c per pound.
Pickles Barrels, No. 1, 28ig30c per
gallon; No. 2, 26(S28c; kegs, 6s, 85c per
keg; half gallons, $2.75 per dozen; quar
ter gallons, $1.75 per dozen.
Kaisiss Iyondon lavers. boxes. 1.75
(92.00; halves, $2.00(32.25; quarters,
$2.25(32.75; eighths, $2.50(33.00. Loose
Muscatels, boxes. $1.50; fancy faced,
$1.75; bugs, 3 crown, 4le(it5c per pound;
4 crown. 5iJ6l,c. Seedless Sultanas,
boxes, $1.75(32.00; bags, 6(i8c per
Si-ices Whole Allspice, 18(3 20c per
pound; cassia, Kk318c; cinnamon, 22(i
4V; cloves, 18 .t;S0e; black pepper, 20
25c; nutmeg, "5v380c.
Vlolrtt Arm I'rufltabla.
Violets cut no mean figure in the trade
of New York, and in seasons when they
esca disease they are highly profitable
i nit- gruwers vine nonst. whose green
houses are just on the edge or the city
picked from twenty five to thirty dollar
worth or violets weekly ail throngh the
winter, although the plant occupied a
comparatively small area. The cost of
picking 1 little or nothing, and a skill
ful picker acquainted with the nature
or the plant can cnll so that the fertility
of the plants shal.' be vastly tncTMaed.
Nw York Letter.
ON SHORT ALLOWANCE.
Bow a Shrewd Sea Captain Slade ni Sap.
piy 01 vt ater
"Water, water everywhere, nor any
drop to drink." Few people beside sail
ors can appreciate the terrible import of
these simple jvords. A correspondent
writes that on a short whaling, or, as
sailors say, '"plum pudding voyage,"
which he once made in the brig Arnol
da of Nantucket, Shubael Hlggins, mas
ter, they ran short of water, and at last
the captain decided to put into Goree,
on the west coast of Africa. As they
earea tne cape ae v erue islands, how
ever, and got into what are known to
sailors as the horse latitudes, the wind
fell calm, and the vessel drifted idly on
As day after day passed with no signs
of wind. Captain Higgins became impa
tient. The surface of the ocean was as
smooth as a mirror, and as the long,
heavy swells came from the regions of
the trade winds, the vessel rolled and
tossed about like a cork upon the water.
We furled the square sails to prevent
their being worn out in slamming against
the mast. The staysails were all set and
the sheets hauled taut, which eased her
somewhat in her rolling.
By this time the water had run so
short that the captain felt obliged to
adopt some plan to avoid all unnecessary
Calling tne to his side, he said, "Boy,
bring me a new tin dipper from the slop
I did so. Then the captain bad all
hands called aft.
"Men," he said, "I have always dread
ad to put my crew on short allowance,
but the time has come when something
must be done to save what little water
we have left."
With that he took a piece of spun yarn
from his pocket, and tied it to the handle
of the dipper. Then turning to me, he
said, "Take this to the masthead and tie
"Now," said he, addressing the men,
"you can have all the water you want to
drink, but you must first go to the top of
tho iaai:t and got ths dipper, and after
drinking all you need you must carry
the dipper back and tie it to tho mast
again. Under no conditions will one of
you pass the dipper to another. Every
man must get the dipper for himself. In
case of sickness, 1 will send the boy aloft
for the sick man. This rule will apply
to all on board, myself included."
At first we regarded the matter as a
joke on ths captain's part, but ns the
days wore on and each of us made his
trip aloft after the dipper the novelty
wore off. We soon found, however, that
the captain's plan for saving water was
a very effectual one. The ship's scuttle
butt, which formerly we had been
obliged to replenish from the casks every
other day, would now run a week with
We were becalmed just 60 days. Then
the trade wind set in, and we proceeded
to Goree and refilled our casks. But the
memory of the trips I made aloft after
that dipper and the spirit in which Cap
tain Higgins performed his part of the
contract, left an impression on my mind
which remains to this day. Youth's
"What a curious wooden hammer,
"Yes. It was presented to papa many
years ago by a lodge of some kind that
he was presiding over at the time. I sup
pose he used it when he wanted to open
the lodge or call some brother to order."
"Speaking of lodges, Miss Lilian, what
do you think of men who join them and
neglect their er wives and all that sort
"I think they are not doing their duty,
"S-so do II We agree exactly on
that. A man who would abandon the
society of his his wife, you know, to go
down town four or five times a week, and
meet a lot of other men, and go through
the mummery they call initiation, and
smoke cigars, and have a good time
why, it isn't right, you know."
The young woman toyed with the lit
tle wooden hammer and said nothing.
"And that's why I feel bold to say,
Miss Lilian, that I think you and I
would h'm would never have any dis
agreements if we should because that's
the way I feel about it, and and I've
never talked this way to you before, you
know, for I wasn't exactly certain wheth
erand all that sort of. thing. When
two persons agree on things like this, it
stands to reason that there might be
other things they would also and you
haven't known me a great while perhaps,
bnt I feel that you're the only woman in
the world I want to marry"
Here the hammer fell. Chicago Trib
une. The Flnt English Slave Trader.
Sir John Hawkins was the first Eng
lish slave trader. He formed a company
composed of the leading men of London
and fitted out three small ships, which
sailed in 1502. Later Queen Elizabeth
lent Hawkins Jesus a large ship of her
own of 700 tons, and took shares in ths
second African company. She not only
equipped the ship, but put 100 soldiers
on board to provide for contingencies.
On the second voyage Hawkins bought
400 negroes and had a narrow escapt
from losing them, owing to the lack of
water when he was near the equator.
But, as he piously recorded in his log,
"The Almighty God would not suffer hi J
elect to perish, and sent a breeze which
carried them safe to Dominica." Thil
was the beginning of the slave trade,
which lasted for more than two centu
ries before it was finally suppressed.
Carried Live Shark Ashore.
Jonathan Fowler, a Massachusetts
Isberman, once walked out knee deep
through tho mud and filth of a seashore
at low tide to a shark left by the retiring
waters, shouldered' it and brought it
alive on his back to the shore. The shark
weighed 500 pounds, quite a load, con
sidering that it was not the most porta
ble of articles and that the man had ta
wade through mud. -Cincinnati Com
The IjirgMt I'alr or HIiom.
A Georgia shoemaker has finished the
largest pairof shoes ever made for art mil
usa. It took a piece of leather contain
Ing 1.040 square inches ! make the
uppers, and one of I.Wo square inches to
make the tolea, or exactly .l.uw Mjnare
inches of leather altogether If the
leather contained 111 that ur of slnn
were cnt into strips an eighth of an tin Ii
wide it would make a st ring S4 tssi inches
long The Mile of this gigantic pair of
shoe are 14 inches long ami V, im-nr
wide. The two combined tipjl the
aoale at exactly b pounds. --bt Louis