Lincoln County Leader. J. F. ITIWtRT, Pabllshar. ' ' urn gji TOLEDO OREGON THE PACIFIC COAST. More Bogus Chinese Certifi cates at Astoria. AN IMMENSE LEDGE OF COLD. The New Black-Sand Enterprise Bid Fair to Become an Im portant Business. An armory will probably be built for the Grant's Pass militia this summer.. Tin; discovery has ju.it been ma'le in Oregon tlutt the Chinese pheasant feeds on wilil oats. Tim lienor dealers at Lou Angeles pro pose to light tlx; high license ordinances to tin; bitter end. In tin; election at Albuquerque, N. M., every IlcmiHratic candidate, from top to liottom ol tin; ticket, was elected except one School I lireotor. The. first through stage from Yosemite Vallev has rcaclieil W'awona. 'I'no ac eiimulatilig hiiow in the high Sierra guar anteed line waterfalls thin summer. hint against the Niutliern J'acilic has been iiiHtituteil at Sim Bernardino for $0,0(X) by the lirotherM of Samuel Foley, wIki wax run over ami killed a few weeks go. Kiley Hamiiiesloy, a prospector in Jo sephinu county, Or., ban Htruck a two fiHit quartz lodge on Jump-oil' Joe creek, sixty ihiiiikIh of which baa produced $42. The ranchers in I-ower California op pose the fri'U admission of Hour into Mexico. The growing of brcadstuffs on the peninsula ban been iiiHtituted on a large scale. (iovernor Murphy hns exercised the veto power three timed during t lit) pres ent term of thn Arizona I-cgislatiire, and in oneh oaso tho bill has been panned over bia bead. Tim ililliculty with the miion sailors at Pan Pedro is unsettled, owing to the op poHition to the execution of warrants liy a Justice, who favors thu cause of the striking Hcamen. Shipments of oranges from Uivorside are now lieing pushed vigorously. Up to (Into over IHK) carloads have been shipped, ami it in eHtiunited that 1,1100 carloads remain to be Kent Fast. Tho Bradslreet mercantile ngenev re ports sixteen failureri in the Pacific Coast States and TerrilorieM fur the past week, h rompared with ten for thn previous week and thirteen for the corresponding week in 1HH2. A prospector linmeil I lauson ban dis roveriHl an imniciisi ledge containing gold in the porphyry hills three miles south of lul Sur, thirty-two miles oast of San IHcgo. Tho new lind is a ledge tlfty feet wide, carrying gold at the rate uf tjdO to $200 per toil, .Much excitement over thu liii'l ih 1 n i n n maiiil'i'sleil, A strict Biirveillauco of all visitors to the various hunks at his Angeles is now maintained, and nil who can y satchels bavo been especially scrutinized. This is owing to Idlers received by the bank cii linvatoning to blow them up with 1 naiuilo unlesN they sent nunicv in u certain way to the parties demanding it. More 1i;:iih Chinese certificates have tin ned up nt Astoria. This time the sig nature, mid seal of Judge Cleveland has boon flirted. A month ngo a ccrlilicate that bad boon presented otilhotiina dian border was sent to Astoria, tin ex amination Mr. Cleveland found that bis name and seal had been placed thereon in a rather clumsy manner. An immense canal projivt lias been inaugurated in the western part of Inyo county involving the irrigation of a strip of land eighty miles in length, and it is now siaicii tnal a railroad is projected to begin at Bishop's creek about twenty nines iioi til of Independence, and ten miles from tho upper end of the canal. i iu iiiio will pass tbroiigh inleiH-n.1 euce, ixino I'ltie, Olillicha, lioso Springs Vallev and Indian Wells Vallev, Thence it will bear to tho west and end at Mo- jave, mo total tmgth being 1 10 miles, Tho Soulbern l'acille lias decidetl to at unco begin tho construction of its line norm limn hunta Monica to Montalvo, on thu branch from Saugus to Santa Barbara, Thus when the lino now hciitu 1... O. t I. . n iMiiii limn me muor piaco to hail I rau risin is completed tho company will have a through road to tho Golden "liate, tin imrallod for lioaiity of sivnorv, freedom from bent and dust and shorter than the picscm route ty several hours. A ronl California lion, measuring le tweou tlvo ami six bvt, is declared to have taken up bis ipiarters within the domains of souio of tho residents who comprise tho hamlet of Koss Vallev. It Is statist that be has bevn eiuimntcrvd by Will Kittle. Captain (.iritliths and several others. 8ineo the new visitor lias niado bis apwnraiuv outdoor onk.v iiieiit after sunset has in nencral Isvn liconlinncl thniuKhout the entiro val ley. A reward of M has been otlensl for the annual, dead or alive. Information has just reached the San Francisco oili.vs of the Coast survev n PtHvliun the proiwsl Alaskan work for the summer, rour American parties will co into tho airhipolno ivuntrv ol Poutbeastern Alaska, workinc U, k to the thirty-mile limit, whore the inter national boundary line is upHed to ho. The chiel work will be tbeepUir.uinof of the Stickccn river ivuntrv. Asit. ant tVden of WashiiiKton Cit'v and M tirathof St. Ixmiswill make a survev of Tsku Inlet and rier, and alter Ihiisliin Umt tbov will transfer their parties to the Stiekeen river. The first Sii. k...... party w ill lie in charge of Assistant I'm. man of Washington Citv, who will pu-li Sii? 'oVi.de;di:!;iv,Lin,; lii. l..i, i..t l,i. ... .:i ii ' Dickons and his tcmiiorarv aid. Il.irrv Edwards, will make a rtvunoissiiuv of Unak river, which empties into behm canal near Portland inlet. Thov will ac company the Canadian partv expected to M at this point hi their vxplorwtitw. NATIONAL CAPITAL. Chief-Justice Fuller Announces the Decision In the Case of the N. P. R. R. vs. Walker. Secretary Smith hag directed the re moval of twenty-five pension examiners now in the field. It is said the politics of the examiner was not considered, and that the only question taken into ac count was that ol proficiency. The State Department has been in formed that the owners of the conces sion for building a railroad from the City of Mexico to the Pacific Coast have deposited $20,000 in bonds with the Na tional Treasury as required under the terms of the concession. The builders of the road are to receive a subsidy of $12,000 a mile. As a result of the controversy between Mark W. Harrington, chief of the weather bureau, and J. B. McLaughlin, chief of the executive division o: the bureau, Mr. Harrington has demanded of Secretary Morton an immediate and full investigation of the administration of the bureau. McLaughlin was sus pended by Harrington for insubordina tion and recommended to the Secretary for dismissal. Mclaughlin responded by filing charges of corruption against Harrington. An investigation by the management of the bureau will be made at once. Secretary Carlisle has received from Edwin Walker, Chairman of the Com mittee on ICgislation of the World's Co lumbian Exposition, a letter raising certain questions in regard to the sundry civil act, in which is included the appro priation for the World's Fair. He asks especially for the construction of the Congressional action authorizing the coinage of the $$,000,000 souvenir balf uoiiufa for liju bejiuui of lim lair and afterwards passing an act declaring the exposition mUHt furnish security for the payment of $.r)70,R8O appropriated for awards, eta. The directors of the expo sition are in doubt as to bow to conHtrun these acts. Secretary Carlisle referred the questionjto the Attorney-Otneral for decision. United States Consul Seymour at Can ton, China, has cabled the State Depart ment that 10,000 Chinese actors, etc., belonging to rival companies, have left Shanghai for the United States to visit tho World's Fair, where they will land at Vancouver, Tacoma, Portland, San Francisco ami other places. In accord ance with this information Assistant Secretary Spaulding of the Treasury De partment has telegraphed tho customs oll'iccrs on the Pacific Coast and North em frontier to exercise the closest scru tiny that none but bona-lido exhibitors or employes whoso services are required bv the exhibitors at the World's Fair Exposition 1 permitted to enter this country. This exemption as to the Chi nese exclusion act in favor of exhibitors, etc., was made by Congress to cover just such cases as this. Chief-Justice Fuller has announced the decision of tho Supremo Court of the United States in the enso of tho Northern Pacific against Charles Walker, County Auditor, et al., from tho Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit. The railway company in l.S'.K) bigt-n suits against the Auditors of twelve counties in North Dakota for injunctions to re strain them from assessing taxes against certain lands, tho title to whioh vests in tho county. Tho Chief Justice stated the amount involved in any ono countv was not siitlicient to give tho Circui't Court jurisdiction, and indeed tho rec ords show that the total amount in tho twelvo counties is not siitlicient. Tho judgment of the Circuit Court w as there tore reversed and tho cases remanded for further priN'oediiigs. No disposal was made, the Chief Justice explained, for the reason that by the time tho cases are returned tho amount involved may be siitlicient, in some one of the counties, to give the court jurisdiction, but it can not obtain jurisdiction, ho said, by com bining the amounts of issue in two or a dozen counties. Tho Su( iromo Court has announced its construction of tho proclamation bv the President and act of Congress in ' issi, opening tho Crock Indian reservation in Oklahoma. They contained this provi sion : "Any s-rson who may enter upon any part of said lands, prior' to tho tune the same are opened to settlement, w ill not Ih permitted to occupy or make en try of such lands, or lav anv claim thereto." Alexander F. Smith, a rail mad employe, living at Fdmond station at the time the lands wore opened, en tered a quarter section. His riubt of entry was contestis! bv Fddv 15. Town- send and dividisl in his favor bv tho lo cal land otluer, but on appeal the Com missioner of the general land office, tin Secretary of the Interior, and tho Dis trict Court and tho Supremo Court of inaanoiiia successively sustained Town scud's entry, and Smith appealed to the Supreme t ourt of the United States. Jiislnv lirewer announced the division oi ino court in an opinion review- iiiir the facts and law In the case, con rinding with the statement that anv om who was within tho Territorial limits at the hour of noon April 2'.' w as, by Ixith ine iciier ami spirit ol mo statute, dis qualified to take a homestead therein. Tho Assistant Secretary of State has boon directed bv Sovretarv (in-sham to examine more thoroughly than has turn customary into the orsoniiol of the State IVnartment. with tho view, it is tttidcrstocsl, of deterniinini! tho fitness of the employes for the positions held by mem. it is reporter!, ami on good au thority, that tradition and precedent will not obtain in the State IVpartmciit during tho inciimUncv of Soctvtarv tiroshum, and that there will ho less rod tape and greater dispatch of business lion after. Secn'tarv Hoke Smith has already N'gun to carrv into ett'oot his policy of diM'!isiiic with tho services of a,l incompetent clerks in iisdctiartment. or those Noiutcd purely for political reasons, i im,T tne direction ot I liiof Clerk Wardlo, tho individual record of the cb rival fom ol the census oltlee is Ivirn: thortuuhlv examined, and all the clerks found to bo deficient will he dis missed. It is SooiYtarv Smith's Whcf that tho work of the census should l completed by the end of the calendar year without asking an additional appro priation from Congress, but to do this lie is convinced there must be not onlv :mr rrk- ' t undent.l, also, the clerical force of the general land otlice w ill soon un dergo the process of renovation, after which some attention will he given the pennon and other bureaus, with a view of putting theut on strictly buainc basis. EASTERN NEWS. Amount of Real Estate Owned by Virginia Negroes. NATURAL GAS IN KANSAS. Battle Between Farmer and Rail road Men Over the Erection of a Warehouse. The Michigan World's Fair Board will make an exhibition of its newspapers. The grave of General Winfield Scott Hancock in Norristown, Pa., is yet un marked. The building of electric roads in Ohio is said to be " developing the proportions of a craze." The Colorado Senate has passed the Railroad Commission bill over the Gov ernor's veto. It will require forty cars to carry Knipp's exhibit for the World's Fair from Baltimore to Chicago. A great flow of natural gas has been struck at Cherryvale, Kan., and the cit izens are expecting a boom. Secretary of the Interior Smith does not expect the Cherokee Strip to be open to settlement before July 1 next. Rev. Dr. Parkburst of New York has organized a corps whore business it will be to see that all local laws are obeyed. The Legislatures of New York, Con necticut and several Western States are making ellorts to suppress the pool rooms. Keports from Southern Illinois an nounce that tho prospects for a good wheat crop this season are most promis ing. Lands which were selling two years airo in the Red Kiver Valley, N. D.. for $10 to 12 an acre now bring double those figures. The capital of the lumber trust, which seems destined to control the lumber business of this country, is understood to be $:i2,0tX),000. Jav Gould's children are about to build a church to their father's memory nt Uoxbury, Delaware county, N. Y., the place where he was born. Mrs. Jane L. Fowlo of Dedbam, Mass., has been awarded $4-r)0 by a Boston jury against a dentist who extracted a sound tooth instead of a decayed one. The new regulations for tho govern ment of the navy provide, among other things, that naval ollicers shall not act as correspondents for newspapers. The Chicago packing firm, which started thirty years ago in a little butcher-shop with one wagon, increased its capital stock last week to $15,000,000. F.vidonoo has been secured of whole sale registration frauds in Chicago. Of 31,,rHKI names added to the list 5,0iHJ and possibly 8,000 aro said to bo fraudulent. It is reported from Guthrie, O. T., that hundreds of Texas cattle are being unloaded at Pouca in the Cherokee Strip to graze, and waiting settlers are indig nant. The Massachusetts Senate has 24 to 9 passed a bill providing for the submis sion to the peonlo of a constitutional amendment establishing biennial elec tions. According to the report of tho Auditor of Virginia the negroes of that State pav taxes on real estate valued at $!),42o,0H5 and on personal property valued at $3, 812,050. T ' The wreck of a gunboat which was sunk during the late war, and which lies in the regular channel near the Cape Fear bar in North Carolina, will soon be removed. The large petrified snake, claimed to have been unearthed in Colorado some timo ago, turns out to be a fossilized f)alm tree which grew in that State bo ore the climate changed. The three vessels of the United States and Brazil Steamship Company were sold at auction at New York. The Alli ance sold for $83,000; Virginia, $81,000, and tho Advance, $114,000. The petition for the rehearing of th celebrated Chicago lake-front cases was overruled by the Supreme Court of the J uninsi ptates, out a second petition will oe moo ii opportunity otters Philadelphia menihers of thn Rons nl tho Revolution are about to start a move ment against the removal of Liberty Hell ami the original Declaration of In dejiendenoe to the World's Fair. A bmkeman on tho Central Railroad of New Jersey has obtained a verdict against tho company for $25,000 for the loss of a log which was crushed bv some cars "cut loose in violation of tho rules." Tho Wisconsin Legislature has adopted a memorial to Congress asking a sub mission of an amendment to the Federal Constitution providing for the election of tho United States Senators by a popu darvoto. ' At West Union, la., there was a battle between the farmers and railroad men over tho erection of a warehouse. Seven or eight wore severely injured, and one will die. The railroad, won tho point in contention. According to the Baltimore News the new city directors indicates an increase of population for Baltimore during the past year of 30,000. The gain is attrib uted largely to the growth of manufac turing interests in the city and suburbs. Senator Roach ol North Dakota, ihw mum .nr. noar wants to have investigated, is acrussed of embozzltns a large amount of money from a national bank in Washington, of' which he was an officer nearly if not quite twenty veurs ago. ' ' Tho Supreme Court of the Unit.! States has decided lb at a fugitive from! tvoding from one State to another in.iv v . ut, in-, t-xir.tui(ion nnv !' constitutionally tried in tho hitter State iion a warrant charging another oiionso man me one set tortli m the war rant of extradition, without hin tirvt returned to the State whence he came. In a contest for a title to a ntmrtet section of land on the Crook Reservation, O. T., which was thrown open to settle ment, the Supreme Court of the United States has decided that "anvone who was within the Territorial limits at the nour ot noon April was. with n Kut. the letter and the spirit of th ii.o.. I diKiuahflod to tak a homattead thex' ! " I PERSONAL MENTION. The gold medal which the Queen baa riven to P.ichard 31. Hunt, the architect, is the first of the kind ever received by an American. Herbert Spencer began his literary ca reer in the columns of the Independent and Nonconformist at the age of 21. He wrote first on the "Proper Sphere of Gov ernments." The younger Dumas has given np smoking. For the hv-t five years he hu confined himself to cigarettes, but even these, he thinks, retard instead of stim ulating hia mental processes. M. Munkacsky is at work in his Neu illy etu'lio on a picture of such dimen sions that the canvas ha3 to be raised and lowered by a machine made for that purpose. It is 13 feet high and 45 feet wide. Prof. Martin Kellogg of the University of California nas Deen grantea tne Hon orary degree of LL.D., by the Yale cor poration at a special meeting. Prof. Kelkc'g is a graduate of Yale in the class of 1S50. A visitor to Marshal McMahon says that the Marshal is still a great sports man. He starts ont with gun at 6 in the morning, and walks twelve or fifteen miles a clay. His hand is firm and his aim sure. The Archbishop of York has an nounced to his archdeacons that he will contribute $5,000 a year one-tenth of his gross stipend to the fund formed to increase the income of the poorest bene fices of the diocese. Governor Northen of Georgia has an nounced that he will be in the race for fenator Colquitt's seat next year. It seeins to be taken for granted that Mr. Colquitt will not seek re-election on ac count of poor health. lington in the war with Napoleon and under General Scott in the Mexican war, and who enlisted at the aze of 72 for service in the civil war, is still alive at the age ol 103 years in Tyler county, W. Va. Mrs. U. S. Grant will spend the sum mer at Highlands Falls. A suite of rooms overlooking the Hudson has been engaged for her, and is now receiving a thorough overhauling. The neighbor hood of West Point has a strong fascina tion for the widow of the great soldier. Mr. Carlisle's ney private secretary is Captain Samuel N. Gaines of Kentucky. Captain Gaines was a gallant Confeder ate soldier, was educated at the Univer sity of Virginia, and has since been con nacted with Kentucky journalism. He is a bright writer ana a very attractive man socially. F.inin Pasha's fate still remains a good deal of a mystery, but the great travel er's little daughter, Ferda, who made her way from Wadelai to Bagamoyo two years ago, nearly starved, still remains at the latter place. She has quite re covered from the privations of that ter rible time, and is described as being a sprightly, well-grown girl of 11. The Princess Edward of Saxe-AVeimar, the Duchess of Leinster, the Marchioness of Londonderry, the Countess Spencer, I ,ady Carew and the Countess of Shrews berry are among the lathes who have promised to preside at stalls at tho dis play of the Irish exhibits for the Chi cago World's Fair, which is to be held on March 3 and 4 at Mr. Astor's house in Caiiton House Terrace. Sir Andrew Barclay Walker, who died recently at Gateacre near Liverpool, was one of tho richest commoners in F.ng land, and was widely known in connec tion with the famous art gallery at Liv erpool, which bears his name. He was a brewer and public-house owner, 1h came largely interested in mines, and had an income of 250,000 a year. The cost of the Walker art gallery was about oS00. He gave 20.000 to University College, Liverpool, and tens of thousands in other directions. EDUCATIONAL ITEMS. A $200,000 building is to be erected for the New York Teachers' College. The golden rod has been adopted as the llower of the Chicago University. It is stated that 204 of the .KS3 colleges in the United States are coeducational. Of the students graduated at Yalo University since 1701, 7,52o' are dead and 7,S2.) living. The United States have 1S.S12.7iV? per sons of s. hiKil age, of whom 13,010,130 are enrolled in school. The cost of maintaining Girard College last year was $440,tfl2. The Uirard fund now amounts to $13,2Sf,2 IS. By the terms of the charter of the University of Virginia tuition is free to student residing in that State. Harvard University has 204 teachers and 2.0i'nt scholars an increase over last year of forty-one teachers and 30j schol ars. Over 2.000 schools in Pennsylvania outside of Philadelphia aro alrcalv sup-' plied by tho respective boards with free text books. There- are in the United Stat soma 0,51X1 women in colleges and graduates of colleges who are members of Greek let ter fraternities. Yalo University's faculty has set its face against gambling among the stn- I football will have to be plaved simplv for I t 1 i IUII. Since 17" Harvard has fill I high places in tho government as follows: Two Presidents, two Vice-Presidents, fifteen Cabinet officers and thirty Minis ters Plenipotentiary. The Secretary of the Harvard Univer sity savs that a student can Minploto o .... ... me co 1 1 iv you -e tnere nonnr.fiv and Vlv an,l 1 ",,,"'i "'"'i iniiiwiiri Palmer believes that an annua, income ! of $1,200 is a positive injury to Student. U.?y, f-7-0' IHr Ppil.tohain,ain!tit n? Do not wait to find out ti me i una.ieipnia sviioois omnngthe iw : year. The total expense w.v t: -A'.- SS0..V?, and the niimberof puniji US.Jki of which number 57.011 wore v,. 1. year. oinuicn num'H r n, ,t"ii were hivs. ati.l 5 VA girls, To educate this ,al 2.S:i teachers m of them In-ing n,-n. were , silit of fortv-one s,-holars on ji averaio The Halario paid teachers ig-r.'gaf 1.7trt..W.?:.' -..' to each t achor. j u J I It COst ft' Jtokivptho Mi.volh .iWes clean. 1 ho total number M sohosjl houo is 4JS. It cot $!.!: to e locate each pupil at the Boys' Hh. S,dool, while the misses attending tie Normal' N-lionl cost only $.".2t eai. V-., !, ! '? " . . . " V.'".' - . r a. n ot P1.1!"1.'' onding he manual ' ,ln',n ''ools rot $U3..y the expense , m FP"" inTvinj Uie ptt ciiu eipwiM coniiJerbl j AGRICULTURAL. Salt Injurious if Given to Pigs in Large Quantities. REASON PIGS ARE SCARCE. Farmers Honest Enough to Admit That It is Largely Owing to Careless Methods. pome of the farmers that have no hogs tt present are honest enough to admit that it is largely owing to their careless methods. There are others who have resarded hogs too troublesome to raise. Still another class have no pigs simply because the necessary can and thought were not given them'. The latt;r class is a large one, and its Members are the heaviest losers, having nad the expense oi maintaining brood sows and having money invested. D ring the breeding Ecasoii losses come fiom careless mating, inbreeding, use of poorly bred boars, etc. In the farrowing season the lack of at tention and poorly arranged pens result in many pigs being overlain. Pigs die when small from the effects of poor food given them and their dams and from poor shelter, lak of clean bedding, from drinking unwholesome water and from having little sunshine and exercise. Tl e pigs which lived through the first month were given corn and water with their dam instead of food suited to the build ing of bone and muscle in the pigs and to the production of milk bv the sow. If thev had been given shorts, rye meaJ, oat meal and other bone mid mustie-to.-ming food with slops, very different results "might have been obtained. Such troubles as oolds, scours, costiveness, et., are usually the direct results of careless feeding or of exposure. In recent years many farmers have neglected their hogs that "more attention might be given to grain-raising. There are not enough hogs in the country to supply the world's demand, and will not be during the next eighteen months. If the price of corn remains below 60 cents per bushel, it will pay to hold hogs during the coming year until they reach 300 pounds weight, provided one-fourth of this growth is made from clover or other grasses. SALT FOE PIGS. A veterinary correspondent writes to the Mark Lane Express: I am often asked alxnit giving salt to pigs. Person ally I should not like to allow them a free supply, which is what putting a lump in the trough means, and especial ly to in-pigs or suckling sows or very young annuals. Salt is decidedly inju rious if given to pigs in large quantities, and leads to a condition that is described as salt-poisoning. A little will do no harm perhaps to large pigs ; but, whether it is prejudice or because experience has demonstrated that it is bad for the ani mals, salt is never placed in the piggery. The cases where I have seen do mischief is where brine from the pickle tub has been mixed with the wash butchers' waste and that from hotels commonly Mntuinmg tar too muc.i. the same i,(n..nni(,i. . ... . K? ilh into the wash when dishwater is emptied into the tub. I strongly advise against tho use of salt for suckling sows any one may bid good-by to the youngsters if they get any quantity. Even the liq uor in which salt meat has been boiled has been known to upset them. A far greater essential for pigs than salt is small coal or other grit. It is useful also where pigs do not get the liberty of a run to cut sods of turf, with plenty of soil adhering, and throw to them in the pens. FARMERS SHOULD BE PROQRKSSIVI. Whenever a body of fanners engaged in any branch of agriculture get together and talk over matters one would think theirs the only branch of fanning that was worth carrying on. This is as it should be, as ono will always succeed best in that which he believes to be the best. It is not as it should be, for when one thinks too much that his is the only thing worth doing he is apt to be narrow in bis views and selfish in his regard for the rights of others. We want broad minded, whole-souled farmers farmers who love their branch of husbandry and ...:n: i. ... . big tuning 10 neip ineir orotner farmers in other lines of fanning men who make tho most of their own wort hni accord to others the same right. One way to accomplish this is to attend in stitutes and other meetings where men engaged in the various branches of farm ing are gathered together and the large ness and importance of each is dwelt upon. FARM FERTILIZATION. Many tons of commercial fertilizers aro bought and used bv farmers that can not atlbrd to use it. Until a farmer saves and uses all the fertilizers available on the farm, he cannot afford to purchase fertilizers with his hard-earned dollars at $25 to $40 a ton. It will pav to dig out the soil under the stables ih many instances and spread it on the land, as it contains a grout deal nf immnn,',, .i omer elements ot iertilitv. Use the ma nure from the henhousn and potatoes or in the garden, and it will give excellent results. !f a f w! Flve e,x.cellen' results. will keen his avm nnnn l, in seep uis eyes open, he will discover iermmng material about his fann goinz "w.v ! Buuiiicuv quanimes to grow quite a field of corn. Some wav ought to be devised for saving all the 'liquids about the stable, as it is worth nearly if uuv qmw as uiucn as tne solids NOTES. vol UD tne summer's imnln f i rusnea witn the spring work. r 8 Where is vour plow? WW ,n,t;,:.. rea.ty to use unless too know iut how it is. 7 1 181 now 1T,-,w lnni. t..ii .,, ti."!.!0"' W6 miIk. "? TKU. t. de - nd ' ? 1 ?LJ a pwfit on her cost of Wp W f ff"? cun,t,a 'k' Wllk, ' fjr,?cun.,'n ju'tso much milk; to . ....... ,U,l je tnp (etHj jn i ? ; Wl ' M readily eaten Ith.tlt i;, ' wn,ii ?he w ft'n An abundant supply of pure water on the farm is essential both (or health and r"" - . " no such, it mujbt PT " lnv? orne ot your surplus M,n. ,m securing it. While vou are " roPP'T that wUI suffice fuf houae, ths stock and the gaidao. PORTLAND MARKET. PEODCCE, FBUrr, ETC Wheat Valley, $1.12(21.15; WaUt Walla, $1.05sl.07) per cental. Flocb Standard, $3.30; Walla Walla, $3.30; graham, $2.90; superfine, $2.50 per barrel. Oats Choice, 43S 45c per bushel : fair. 40c; rolled, ia bags, $6.25;a6.50; barrels, )Q.iJU;uu,ij, w, f j.iw. Hat Best, $ll(al3.50 per ton; con, mon, $910. Millbtcffs Bran, $18.00; shortt $22.u0; ground barley, $23(a24; chop feed, $18 per ton ; whole feed, barley, 80 OjfcSc per cental; middlings, $2324; per ton; brewing barley, 90(5 95c per cental; chicken wheat, $1.10 percental Butter Oregon fancy creamery, 27 (530c; fancy dairy, 22,4! (5 2dc; fair to good, 17s(p 20c; common, 12' (3 15c per pound; pickle roll butter, 30ia35c per roll; California, 40:5 45c per roll. Cheese Oregon, ll(iil3c; Eastern Twins, lGe; Young America, 16c per pound. Euos Oregon, 17c per dozen. Pofi.TRY Chickens, mixed coops, $4.50 (5.00; fancy coops, $5.506.00; broil ers. $5.1HJ per dozen : dressed chickens, 10 fu.l3c per pound; ducks, $6.5O(u,7.50; geese, iu.uu per uo.en; lurseys, live, 15c; dressed, 17c per pound. V eoktables I ahbage, $l.o0(gl.6o pet f. cental;onions,!il-752.00percental; cut f onions,75 '((We; potatoes, $1.40 for (jarnet i f Chilis; $1.05,1.75 for Burbanks ; new, j 5c per pound ; Oregon turnips, 75 a'JOc f J rier sack ! voiini?earmts.75cKt1.00: swept l X potatoes, ij2.50.ii4.00 per cental; cauli- f flower, U0c per dozen, $2.75 per crate; celerv, We per dozen; artichokes, fjOc ' per dozen ; lettuce, 40c per dozen ; aspar- i' agus, lOkffllc per pound; parsnips, 85c f per sack ; beets, $1.50 per sack ; radishes, 25a per dozen; greeu onions, 18o per ! dozen; rhubarb, ti7c per pound; Ur- spinach, 6K,c per pound; cucumbers, i 1 $1.75 u,2.00 per dozen; string beans, 20e j per pound. I a Fkuits Sicily lemons, $55.50 per jj box; California new crop, $4.50(35.00 i 1 per box; bananas, 1(2.50(34.00 per bunch; J oranges, seedlings, 2 (i 2.75 per box; na- : I vels, $3.00(33.50; cranberries, $12.50 per f' barrel; apples, $1.50(3,2.25 per box. ) p STAPLE GROCERIES. Honey Choice comb, 1517c pound; new Oregon, 16 a 20c. per Salt Liverpool, 200s, $15.50; 100s, $16.50; 50s, $17.50; stock, $10.50 311.50. Duikd Fnurrs Petite prunes, 10c 12c: silver, 11314c; Italian, 12 14c; Cier- f, J man, lOillc; plums, old, 56c; new, I , 7 (ft9c; apples, 6jjllc; evaporated apri-f :i cots, 15ji l6c; peaches, 12vul6c; pears, ! i 7(3 11c per pound. j KitE Island, $4-'5 5.00; Japan, $4.75 J j per cental. S Coffee Costa Rica, 22c; Rio, 22c;' Salvador, 21'.jc; Mocha, 26(3 30c: Java. t 24,(330c; Arbuckle's, Midland, Mo-f I kaska and Lion, 100-pound cases, 24 j' K 85-lOOc per pound; Columbia, same, t u 24 3O-100C Beans Small whites, 33i,'c; pinks, jf S4c; bayos, 3,lc; butter, 4c; lima, 4c h per pound. i Svkop Eastern, in barrels, 40(355c; : in half-barrels, 42 57c; in cases, 35 3) t 80o per gallon ; $2.25 per keg ; California, t in barrels, 20(3 40c per gallon; $1.75 per ; SoaAR Net prices : D, 4Kc; Golden C, 5c; extra C, 5c; Magnolia A, 6)oc; ! l,l Cl.. 1 , i inuiiuuKu, u;jc cuoe, crusaea ana confectioners' A, 65c per pounu; maple sugar, logitc per pound. Canxed Goods Table fruits, assorted, $1.75(32.00; peaches, $1.85ta2.10; Bart- raspberries, $2.40; pineapples, $2,253 .w; apricots, $1.65.2.00. Pie fruits, assorted, $1.20; peaches, $1.25; plums, $1.10(31.20; blackberries, $1.25igl.40per dozen. Pie fruits, gallons, assorted, $3.15(33.50; peaches, $3.50(34.00; apri cots, $3.50(34.00; plums, $2.753.00; blackberries, $4.254.50. Veoetables Corn, $1.501.75; toma toes, $1.101.15; Bugar peas, $1; string beans, 95c per dozen. Meats-Corned beef, Is, $1.50; 2a, $2.40; chipped, $2.55(24.00; lunch Is 2s, $6.75; deviled ham, $l.5(g$1.85 per dozen. $2.16(a4.50; lobsters, $2.30t3.50; sat ?i-Ik' onn 1'lb ,nlls' l-25n0; fla's. lw5; 2-lbs, $2.25(32.50; -barrel, $5.50. LTVK ANO DRESSED MEAT. Beef Prime steers, $3.85(34.25; choice steers, $3.7534.00; fair to good !f.eprs.;?-00(33.50; good to choice cows, $3.150 3., o; common to medium cows, fL.60(32.(5; dressed beef, $6.00(3 7.00. Murro.N Choice mutton, $4.50(34.75; fair to good, $4.00(34.50; dressed, $8.00 lambs, $4.00(34.50; dressed, $7.00;38.0o! Hoos Choice heavy, $7.00;a7.25'; me- $6.00(6.50; dressed, $9.00. Veal $4.00(37.00. Smoked Meat and Labd Hams, large, 116'bC per pound; hams, me diuin, 15'a164'c; breakfasi bacon. lo 16c; short clear sides, 1414S;c; dry salt sides 13i(1.l33ic; lard, compound ifnatl,nrsv,1,1,3:20 P" pl,n(1; Pu.i" tins.lSjc; Oregon lard, 11.(3 2ic MISCELLANEOUS. ri5r;?.a!?!quita"ons: ,Iron. v- T-.w, nuc, i.(o per Keg. 8TKKI. Ppp IVMlnrl mi- i 1V"JC, fr iJ1 -C- Jllarcoab l-ts-'O, Prime qual- t fo.wa.w per dox; for crosses, $2 extra per box; 1. C. coke plates, 14x20, i Xl?ae?U?yt7, oO'S 8-00 per box ; terns Ux20 ili PrUDe quality -88(27.00; Lea'd Per pound, 40 ; bar, 6v'c. r ftAVAt Stores Oakum, $4.50,35.00 J per bale; resin, $4.80a5.00 per 4S0 J fZn2o:notar' S,t0l-kh,l'n. n3.00; Care- ! Iina,$9.00 per barrel; pitch, $6.00 per wloti PentUle' 050 Per aUon in HOPS, WOOL AND BIDES. ' Hors Juote 12 a 16c. v ,unVmPln vlh?v, 10(ffl7c; fall chp,13iai5-,c; Willamette valley, 15J i,' "T'J18 to 1ual''yt Eacrn Ore- f Snditionf60 "'S lIiDEs-Dry hides, selected prime, i 68c; green, selected, over 55 pounds, ' 4c, under 65 pounds, 3o; sheep pelts, short wool, 30,r50c; meiiium, 60SOo; , long, 90c($1.25; shearlings. 10 3 9iv- t-l. low, good to choice, 8(360 per pound. BAOS AND BIOOINO. Burlaps, 8-ounce, 40-inch, net rash, fc! burlaps, 10-ouw-e, 40-inch, net : ch. 7c; burlaps, 12-ounee, 4-'-incti, Tej burlaps, 15-oun.i', W-inch, H'..c; , burUps, 20-ounce, 76-inch, IV; wht I, bags. Calcutta, 2.1x3-), ,t, ti 1-buAhel oat bans, 7c ' ieii pears, fi.iotaz.uo; plums, $1.37(i(3 1.50; strawberries, $2.25(32.45; cherrfes, $2.2o2.40: blackberries. 1RSS9inn- iV.