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About The Coos Bay times. (Marshfield, Or.) 1906-1957 | View This Issue
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THE RUSSIAN MULBERRY
A Rich Product That Could Be Grown With Profit
In The Coos Bay Country
Form ami Size.
Tno characteristic of liie hum......
mulberry is low and bushy. When
grown in tho open very little of the
trunk la freo from branches, anil even
when grown in close-spaced planta
tion severe prunnlng is required to
produce a straight undivided trunk.
On good soil the Russian mulberry
usually attains a size of 30 to 40 feet
in height and one foot in dianictor.
Tho Russian mulberry is a hardy
variety of the Asiatic white mul
berry. It was introduced into the
United States by the Russian Men
nonltes about 1S75. and was subse
quently distributed widely through
out the middle Western States. The
range for its economic planting Is
southern Nebraska, southern Iowa,
Kansa3, Oklahoma, and Indian Ter
ritory. It can not endure tho severe
winters of the Dakotas; tho leadlnc
Bhoots are occasionally frozen back in
Where Is lias escaped from culti
vation It occurs with the oaks and
juaples, preferring the bottom to tho
Habits mill Growth.
The Russian mulberry will grow
on both sandy and on clay soils, but
iloca best on rich loam where tho
water table is from 10 to 15 feet be
low tho surface. It will endure al
most any amount of drought and neg
lect. Even In dry situations growth
Is fairly raild. These qualities
adapt it to both upland and valley
situations in tho semi-arid regions.
It is decidedly tolerant of shade, and
can therefore bo used to advantage
lor undorplnnting or for mixing with
a moro rapid growing species to in
crease tho height growth ami to in
Uuco natural prunnlng of tho lattor.
lloight and diameter growth nre
fairly rapid. On favorable sites a
height of 20 feet and a diameter of
8 Inches are not unusual for a tree 10
The tree has comparatively few
enemies. It is not in any degree sus
ceptlblo to tho attacks of fungi, but
tho foliage is sometimes attacked by
Tho Russian mulberry servos a
.lumber of useful purposes. II closo
ulanted. tho Russian mulberry is use
ful fnr tlw. nvnilimtion of nosts and I uc heavily
fuel. On favorable sites it will pro-1 malning should then be pruned tp a
dueo fence posts in from ten to lit- height of S or 10 feet,
teen years. Tho wood is rather
heavy, elastic, coarse-grained, and
moderately strong. It splits easily,
and when seasoned, makes a durablo
fence post, which is probably its most
valuable use. Tho fuel value of the
wood is high.
Whilo tho fruit Is of an Inferior
quality, it is much used for domestic
purposes In tho absence of better
lcinds. Many horticulturists havo
established mulberry windbreaks
around their orchards. The natural
form of tho treo makes it well suited
to form a low, denso windbreak, if
loft unpruned. Tho windbreak,
aside from its protectlvo value, fur
nishes food greatly relished by birds,
and they are thus less likely to eat
moro valuablo fruit In tho orchard.
In ndditlon, tho leaves of tho Rus
sian mulberry form an excellent food
for silk worms (Dombyx moil), and
Is somewhat used for tills purposo In
tho moro northerly portions of tho
"United States, where tho broador
loafod varieties of tho mulberry are
apt to bo wintorkilled. The quality
of the loaf for feeding purposes Is
fully as good as that of the broader
leafed varlotlei, but Its much divided
form innkos the labor of foeding
somewhat greater. Tho Bureau of
Entomology has been for several
years past distributing mulberry
boedllngB in connection with silk
Reproduction ot tho Russian mul
berry takes place both by btump
sprouts and by seed. Renewal after
cutting is a simple matter; all that is
necessary Is to remove tho surplus!
sprouts and give the best one a
chance to develop. A quick-growing
stump sprout will havo better form
than tho original tree. Plantations
can bo started from cuttings, but
propagation from seed Is easier and
produces better plants.
Fruit is borne abundantly. The
seed may bo separated by crushing
and washing the berries. After dry
ing tho seed should be kept In a cool
dry place, until a week or ten days
previous to sowing. The seed may
bo sown as soon as it ripens, but gen
erally the better practice is to wait
until the following spring, so that the
seedlings will hnvo an entire season
in which to grow before tho coming
of cold weather. The seed should
bo sown in fresh, fertile soil, and
covered not more than one-half inch.
About one to two weeks arc required
for germination. Detter results are
obtained by mixing tho seed with
moist sand and keeping the mixture
in a warm place until germination be
gins. The sand and seed can then bo
sown together on a well-prepared
bod. The bed should be covered
with one-eighth inch of sifted loam.
The growth during the first season
will bo enough to bring tho trees to
proper size for transtlantlng to the
permanent site the following spring.
The Russian mulberry should bo
spaced close in a plantation, In order
to overcomo, as much as possible, Its
inherent tendency to branched and
crooked growth. For windbreaks,
consisting of one or two rows, the
trees may be planted at 2 or 3 foot
intervals, and in plantations they
may be spaced 4 by 4 feet or 4 by C
feet. Tho Russian mulberry is found
more often in mixed than in pure
plantations. Its ability to thrive un
der partial fahado makes it well
suited for planting with light-demanding
species, such as black lo
cust, honoy locust, black walnut, and
Cultivation ami Care.
Cultivation should bo thorough
and continued until tho ground Is
rather fully shaded. When the trees
begin tocrowd, tho plantation should
thinned. ' Tho trees re-
C. A. Goss, of the University of
Portland, will sing at the Methodist
Episcopal church today.
Dr. A. C. Render, of Guthrie,
Okla.,' arrived on tho Bay and will
.visit for three weeks or thereabouts
as the guest of Mrs. S. 13. Painter
Mrs. S. E. Painter and family, ac
companied by Dr. A. C. Render, will
leave tomorrow for an outing in the
Ten Mile country.
Lester Smith, of Coos River, was
in Mnrshfleld yesterday.
Mr. O. W. Driggs and family have
moved into the Geo. Ferry residence
Mrs. Rood, of Coos River, was In
Mnrshfleld shopping yesterday.
Mrs. Wltte, of Coos River, was in
' Mrs. Rodgers and daughter Mil
dred were In this city yesterday.
A. E. Seaman and family left yes
terday for their home, "The Or
chard," on Coos river.
Messrs. W. A. Toyc, B. M. Richard
son and Dorrian departed for Ten
Mile country yesterday afternoon.
They will spend a week in hunting
Mr. and Mrs. V. Pugh were Marsh
fleld visitors yesterday.
Mrs. J. W. Russell, of Coos River,
was in Marshfleld yesterday.
Mrs. Mcintosh, of Coos River, was
here shopping Saturday.
Mr. Shuploc is in Marshfleld again.
after a short visit to Myrtle Point.
Mr. and Mrs. Fred Tuttlo and Mrs.
A. M. Wilder left yesterday morning
Miss May Mageo, of Empire, is
visiting in Marshfleld as the guest of
Miss Edna Weeder. I
Mrs. E. O'Connell and daughter
Stella left this afternoon for Coos
Wm. Waters, of Ten Mile, is In
Marshfleld for a short visit.
Messrs. J. F. Hopo and J. B. Hope,
of North Inlet, aro in towu.
Mrs. McGann, of tho Creamery,
was in town yesterday procurint;
modical treatment for her daughter.
Culls on Patrons. J. F. Quirk,
representing Haas Bros, of San Fuan
cisco, is calling on his Coos county
Alliance Leave. The Allianco
will leave Marshfleld this afternoon
at 2 o'clock for Portland.
Amuo Hero Sunday. The steam
ship Arago of tho U. S. E. D. is up
at Marshfleld, and will remain over
Fred. B. Rowe, of Guthrie, Okla
homa, arrived in yesterday on the
Coos Bay wagon road.
Ceremony Takes Place at Homo
Rev. 1). W. Thurston They
Will Reside Here.
Ollli'crs For Coining Year Are In
stalled LLst of Those Who
Sunset Lodge, No. 51, I. O. O. F
held installation services at their
lodge room on Front street Friday
night. The officers for the ensuing
year aro: N. G Thos. Cake; V. G.,
R. D. Hazon; Secretary, I. O. Lando;
Trensurer, John F. Hall; Cond., Altus
Kingston O. G., J. W. Mauzey; I.
G., Julius Manal; R. S. N. G . Wm.
Buck; L. S. N. G., E. A. Anderson;
R. S. V. G., Max TImmerman; L. S.
V. G., Chas. Jonscn; R. S. S., W.
Richards; L. S. S., L. T. Storey;
Chaplain, A. Hagemelstor.
THE McCLELLAXI) INVEST
MENT AND DEVELOPMENT
Tho annual meeting of tho stock
holders of Tho McClelland Invest
ment and Development Co. will bo
hold in the offleo ot J. M. Blako in
Tho Times Building, Marshfleld, Coos
County; Oregon, on Wednesday the
10th day of July, A. D. 19 07, at :
o'clock p. m., for tho election of Dl
rectors and for the transaction of
such other business as may bo
brought before said meeting.
Datod at Marshfleld, Oregon, tho
7th day of Juno, A. D. 1907.
ALVA DOLL, Secretary.
Seth D. Bldwell and Miss Ger
trude Fisher, of Millington, were
joined in matrimony Frldaj after
noon by the Rev. D. W. Thurston at
his home. Mr. Bldwell is an em
ployee of the courtenay mill. Both
the groom and bride came to Coos
Bay from California.
Looking lor a New
Furnished by the Title Guarantee and
Abstract Company, Henry Seng-
J. S. Lawrence et ux, to Isaiah
Hacker, lots and blocks In Portland.
Add to Bandon; ?5.
Josephine M. Rennie and husband
to J. W. Berry, lots 7 and S, hoick
S, Coos Bay Plat A, Division 1; $100.
William Hood et al, to E. E. John
son, lots 3 and 4, E,6 of SWi, Sec.
31, Twp. 30, R. 11, SYi of S1,. Sec.
30, Twp. 30, R. 12, N'WU of Sec. G,
Twp. 31, R. 11; lots 2, 3, 1, S1,: of
N and S: of Sec. 1; SE',4, SE
of SWYi, Sec. 2; NE of NE and
lots C, 7, S, 9, Sec. 11. NVa of NHs'
and lot 9, Sec. 12, Twp. 31, R. 12;
Robert J. Dean to O. C. Ri-, lots
3 and 4, Sec. 4, Twp. 2S, R. 12; $10.
R D H F ft
Are Yois Looking for
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perties for sale at
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