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About The Madras pioneer. (Madras, Crook County, Or.) 1904-current | View Entire Issue (July 18, 1912)
iwnW is the time to prepare for the harvest and we were never
"Cr nrenared to supply your wants than right NOW.
?".a"i"L r.OUR IN Let us talk it over with you get our prices.
WE KEEP SAMPLES OF THESE MACHINES ON HAND
AND CAN ORDER ANY SIZE TO SUIT CUSTOMER
Central Oregon Mercantile Co.
Atiri AAt III
u i n
n i ii i i iiiiii in
III I KM I Mm W - -
..a i.iiuiiu Duo to Press-
n U4 1
Wmtiof Growing Popu-
- . I 1 ( it -1 ,. ,w.
fc betterment ot uusiness
(fmuch promise for the re-
frill IIIIT fcf'.l 1 . 1 IIU llbLlllll
I ! -t.:ri.. I., 4 1. n !i
tUllill 111 VHI tj - - - - -
ininuusinni acuvuy, uu
need of replinishing de
stocks and of supplying
ssing wants of a growing
nnn n ' i mm s rii'iii
the remainder of the
i M ii j .
rests mosuv on me sirens
irur fira inil mvnutnru 'inn
IIUUWIU 14M4 111 I v ilkUl fcJ, t..l4
i i.. r....
As to the latter, con-
are nrmntiniis nr irnnn
In the Southwest the
I there is a very hopeful
tnr in inn tmnut
t.. m i
'wumn oi business to some
wwuomii, 111114 tllUI w
ftarp advance in wheat
to hiidi temneraturoa
northwest, although as
SeriOUS (lnmtlir linn mmill
, rj a uwiw
this cause. This is the
Whon cnnniW!A.w.1 i
--vi tjuiirnii i'ijiimi't u
., - - - . j i mi wjvsi vJ
-6 ojjuhk wncai are to
Wed. vot. hn ,. :
cr'tical period in ex
shape. II III V Pxl imr
ffom the Southwest are
6 ouu a is evident
that results there will prove bet
ter than anticipated. Western
receipts of wheat this week were
1,499,004 bushels, against 2,500,
478 a year ago, while exports
from all ports of the United
States, flour included, of 2,850,
017 bushels, compared Avith 1,
166,756 in 1911. Corn showed
considerable firmness, notwith
standing better weather in the
belt. Primary arrivals are di
minishing, amounting to 3,455,
372 bushe s this week, against 4,
025,145 last year, while Atlantic
Coast shipments were only 114,
728 bushels, as contrasted with
428,431 in 1911. Dun's Review.
Seaside, which grows prize
dahlias, will have a dahlia show
August 24 and 25. There is a
movement on foot to make Sea
side known as the "Dahlia City.'
It is claimed that nowhere
else do the flowers reach such
Dr. A. L. Golder, refraction ist
and optician, of The Dalles, has
been delayed in visiting Madras,
but announces that he will be
here the early part of August.
GYPSUM SHOULD BE
USED BUT SLIGHTLY
Prof. Powori Dlicuancs Neutraliz
ing Effect on Central Oregon
MIkh Cooilloy Alias Passay says ah.
uamlrc3 auburn liutr most.
Miss Knox She doesn't admire It nt
all. That's Just n bluff she uses to
throw peoplo off the trad;.
Miss Goodley-IIow do you mean?
he has black hair
Miss Knox Yen, and she wants to
give, tho Impression that she couldn't
have nought auburn Just as easily.
Catholic Standard and Times.
It bothers uh lllco everything.
wi can't tell whoro we're at.
"Which do you think you'll wear this
A Btlfr or Jloppy hat?
Inco bettor half picked out hor hat
' Wo'ro not porturbctl a lot.
It ucomB n. cinch to us from here
We'll wonr tho ono we've Kot.
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wt vv uiYijr.ivi I . i . vir. I .. ivi . nr.i.ri i ili.. ucki
The T W J-4
Prineville - Oregon
P'tal flock jfeSfinn nn Q.;mi... qnnn nn f..n
Abslrai(. f .r.i
",ul Hi e tO nil n nfrrnrtir in f rnnlr nnllnUr
arully prepared nliotnrrrnnh rnmVs of nil records and
Plats at nw,.
i in r - .
wmes, Liquors and Cigars
. NISHED UOOMSNow nnrl TTn.fo-Date Quarters
Gypsum, or "land plaster." is
calcium suplate containing about
30 per cent calcium or lime; 45
per cent sulphur and oxygen and
the remainder moisture and im
purities. It is soluable in 400
parts water. Use of gypsum,
where securable, in the eastern
states, was very common from
1835 to 1865 and in the early'
years of Us use 60 to 120 pounds
per acre increased yields of leg
umes and especially clover from
20 to 50 per cent. After a few
years it failed to produce the old
time results and its use has
been largely discontinued or
other compounds substituted in
its place. The old German say
ing developed is that plaster,
without manure, makes the fath
er rich but the son poor.
Experiments in the field and
laboratory show that gypsum is
active in releasing potash and
phosphorous and even nitrogen.
Gypsum is not itself a plant
food but it is the power it has of
making other necessary elements
as potash and phosphorous avail
able that is responsible for its
use. It acts as a stimulant and
not as a direct fertilizer, but if
not used to excess it often makes
a profitable fertilizer, especially
on clover. When gypsum fails
to produce marked results, ap
plication of potash would be
beneficial. Where more than 50
or 60 pounds of gypsum is ap
plied per acre per year this stim
ulating effect may release more
potash than the growing crop can
take up and the result is, it is
leached away by rains and drain
age waters. It is therefore wise
to use it sparingly until there is
certain knowledge that the bene
fits earned exceed the costs.
However, when used about
stables, poultry plants and ma
nure heaps, gypsum tends to
fix ammonia and prevent its loss
and to absorb other fertilizer
Not only does gypsum absorb
fertility elements but it has a
beneficial effect on soil moisture.
There are instances of soil re
taining one-fourth acre inch more
moisture where treated with
When soils are aciduous, some
gypsum will correct acidity. It
should not bo used here for that
purpose as about tho only acid
soils we have are in swales and
meadows of tho upper Deschutes
and Crooked rivers and need
Ground limestone is a much
better and safer form of lime to
use for correcting acidity.
Any form of lime forms ce
menting materials in soil and
causes particles of heavy soil to
stick together into clusters mak
ing the soil mellow and friable.
Our soils are naturally free
working and if they were heavy,
ground limestone would be a bet
ter form to use for,this purpose.
Gypsum is about one-third lime
and plants use this element as
food but our soils in all proba
bility contain abundantly more
lime than necessary to meet plant
needs and if it were needed,
either air-slacked, water-slacked
or ground lime rock would be
better to use for this purpose.
Bacteria living on roots of leg
umes and fixing nitrogen from
the air into forms usable by
plants require presence of abase
such as lime and require a
slightly alkaline condition. It
is possible in some cases that
gypsum stimulates bacterial ac
tion tho practically all oar soils
are slightly alkaline in their re
action. Black alkaline is chiefly
sodium carbonate and is the
worst form of alkali for it causes
crusting of soil surface and dis
solves the tissue of young plants
One-tenth per cent black alkali
is enough to be injurious, while
a soil may contain three percent
white alkali and still be produc
tive. Calcium sulphate, or gyp
sum, added to sodium carbonate
yields calcium carbonate, a harm
less compound of lime, and sodi
um sulphate, a mild form of
white alkali. There may be
other effects of gypsum not yet
This neutralizing effect of gyp
sum dn black alkali and its stim
ulating effect are probably re
sponsible for its use here. Use
it, but sparingly, if you know it
pays. We are securing analyses
of soils of this district and com
piling-' the effect of potash and
gypsum on the Demonstration
farm and may be able to find a
better substance to use than gyp
sum. Certainly, well rotted ma
rjure which contains all the ele
ments required by plants will be
more permanent benefit than
W. L. Powers.
Invading tho Ensmy'c Country.
"In pursuance of a plan 1 have had
In mind for some time." announced
Pastor Goodsolo at the dose of his ser
mon, "I have rented a small room In
an apartment house In a fashionable
neighborhood and expect to open n
mission Sunday school there on the
first Sunday In May. I don't Uuow,
brethren, whore the children who at
tend It are to come from, If, Indeed,
any children attend It at nil. but It
will be there all summer nnd may be
regarded either as an opportunity or
as n reproach. "We will now sing our
closing hymn." Chicago Tribune.
Tho Third Person.
I know a man, accounted wise.
Who thinks himself nn nnclent make
Of musket. Breakfast food supplies'
Ills powder and a HamuurK steak
The bullet, while a flannel cake
Acts as tho wnddlng. Then nwny
Ha shoots for all Jhat flKhtlni? day
Bhoots to his car, shoots to his work.
Shoots here, shoots there,
A dollar may ho thought to lurk:
Shoots out to luncheon, shoots to drink,
Shoots homo at night too tired to think,
Shoots through the nows and, spent at
Drops, thankful that tho day Is past
For nil this stress from dawn to sleep
ITo gets his victuals, clothos and keep.
Ho, hot A foolish man Is he
And very much llko you nnd mo.
Ethics of Bribery.
A certain saloon keeper years ago
was elected to the legislature of a
southern state at n time when there
was Important legislation pending. Ho
accepted ajhousand dollars for his vote
on u certain measure. Tho deal was
hardly closed when the opposition came
round, offering him two thousand. The
temptation was strong, but tho new
member shook his head.
"No gontlemnn as Is a gentleman,"
hb said, "will sell out twlcet on wan
proposition!" Saturday Evening Tost
The London Baby's Plaint,
ricaso, father, dear father, coinu homo to
Tria jVok hi tho steoplo'H run down.
Tho suffrvii UiUlos have started a row
And smashed all tho windows In town.
And now the dear mother Is landed in Jail
With numerous ladles of note.
They don't caio u tlxpenco for pardon or
But thoy'd break nil tho laws for a vote.
Wo babies are crying for mother to come.
Floaso, father, bring mbthor right home)
Nw York Globe,
PROBING THE PLANETS. "
An English Scientist Gays Only tha
Earth Can Sustain Life.
Lecturing nt tho Victoria Institute,,
London, tho other day. Walter K. Maun
der, superintendent of the solar depart
ment nt Greenwich, declared Mint there
could bo no life on Mars. Tho earth,
ho said, 1.4 the only plnnet where man
or any other part of nnlmnl or plant
creation can live.
Ho toolc the planeta one by one nnd
condemned each in turn. Ho even con
unmn nf the moons, but each
! had some disability which could ouly
spell death. He hesitated ror awnuoiu
discussing Vc'nus. There was Just n
possibility that the sheath of clouds
that covered her from the tierce heat
of tho Bun might have beneath It some
kind of life. If the Italian nstronomers
are right Venus always turns one face
to the sun and one-half of the planet Is
too hot for any life, and tho half that
turns Its face eternally from the sun Is
chilled to tho realms of death. Mer
cury la In much the same predicament.
Ah to Mars, we can watch It very
closely, and we can see or Unapine all
sorts of strange things, but its deadly
cold makes life impossible. Wlfon such
conditions ns the water and nlr cover
ings of the earth are considered the dif
ference between the temperature of the
earth nnd that of Mars must be at
least 100 degrees. Mr. Maunder be
lieves that In some parta of Mars the
temperature at times creeps down close
to the absolute zero.
Mr. Maunder has no belief in the gi
gantic canals seen by Professor Lowell,
lie believes them to be an outcome of
the desire to see them, not exactly op
tical Illusions, but something very much
of the sort. Mr. Maunder concluded:
"So in our own system we have found
that there Is one planet our. earth
that is inhabited and one other that
may perchance be habitable. The oth
ers nil may with certainty be ruled out
of court. The earth has a claim to a
higher distinction than size or bright
ness enn possibly give it. It is almost
certain that it Ls unique among the
heavenly bodies that are visible to us,
and among those that are unseen and
unknown there can only be a small
proportion at best bo well favored. It
is tho home of life, carefully fitted and
prepared for that purpose by its posi
tion and Its size." New York Sun.
AGA KHAN HAS NO THRONE.
But Ho lo Ono of tho Most Poworful
Rulors In the World.
Did you ever hear of the Aga Khan?
Lf you don't know who he Is you don't
know about one of the most powerful
men in the world. The Aga Khan
rules no country, not even a little state
In his native India, but hundreds f
thousands of Moslems would cut off
their right hand3 at his bidding. For
he Is a lineal descendant' of All, the
nephew of Mohammed and is the spirit
ual head of a large und Important
section of the Mohammedans of Asia,
lie is young, handsome, olive skinned,
enormously wealthy and has contribut
ed munificently to charities of every
kind In India.
Probably there Is no leader of Brit
ish India , whose good will Is of greater
value to England. Immensely rich
nnd counting his follower by the huu
dred thousand, tho Aga Khun stands
In very high olllclal estimation In India.
Ills position Is unparalleled. Inasmuch
as there is no more powerful potentate
in tho Moslem world In spite of the
fact that he rules no territory of his
own. Most of the very numerous body
of men who ave ready to obey his
slightest wish are wealthy, educatud
and Influential. New York World.
Chinese In Cuba.
There are close to 12,000 Chinese in
Cuba, and the census of 1007 recorded
the fact that forty Chinese women
were Inhabitants of Cuba. Ltefore Cu
ba became a republic it cost every Chi
naman who entered ?2 to get his en
trance ticket. Now Cuba bids him wel
come with little expense. He has to
furnish a photograph of himself ami
stand inspection much as n man enter
ing a pennl Institution. The system
employed by Chief Menocal Is similar
to tue one useti at all United States
ports. The Chinese legation is always
represented at tho immigration ollice
when Chinese como and iro. so Mint n
double check Is placed on the travelers
from the far east. Havana Tost.
Automatic Wator Finder.
An automatic water finder Is made
by an English firm which, according
to the Agricultural Journal of India,
hns been used with some success In
Bombny. Instead of the wator witch's
hazel or peach rod. this instrument
works by measuring tho strength of
the electric currents which! How be
tween earth and atmosphere. These
currents nre most powerful In the
'vicinity of subterranean streams.
Rabbit Fur Hats.
Rabbit fur has supplanted wool In
felt lint, ranking in Sydney. Australia,
whoro thirty-two factories are in oner-
ntlou. Tho fur is considerably superior
to the finest merino for this purpose,
nnd millions of rabbit skins are used
annually. It takes tho fur of about six
uverago skins to make a fur felt hat.
In ono factory the- cousnmptlou of
skins ranges from 25,000 to no.OOO per
Four Absolute Monarchs.
Now that Itussla. Turkov. Porsln.
China, Montenegro nnd Monaco hnv
ndopted constitutions and parliaments,
thore are only four absolute mouareha
loft In the world. Those aro the king
of Slam, tho nmecr of Afghanistan, the
sultan of Morocco and i III) llnan nt
ITEMS OF INTEREST
Lost, Strayed or Stolen One
sorrel horse weight about 1000
pounds, white face, short mane
and tail. Branded BX on left
shoulder. Finder please notify
II. K. Nis3en, Farmer's Rest
auran, Madras Oregon.
For Sale One two year old
filly, weight 1100 pounds, and
one yearling mule, No. 1.
Mrs. H. E. Jacobs.
Found A Gold signet ring.
Owner can have same by proving
property and paying for this ad.
Inquire at this office. J18.
For Sale or Trade. Second
hand threshing outfit, including
a 20 H. P. traction engine, 32
inch separator, No. 8 Jackson
feeder and elevator, derrick
table, cook house etc.
For all or any part of this out
fit see Ginn & Coleman or W. II.
Moore, Moro, Oregon.
A cook at the Madras Hotel,
lady preferred, wages $40 per
month and board, steady employ
ment. ' '
VV. C. Moore, 'rop.
Wanted. 600 lineal feet of
water pipe, 3 or 1 inch, must be
in good condition. Address
Edwin D. Allen, Hay Creek,
I have several good locations 8
to 12 miles from Madras. Plenty
of wood and water. Reasonable
fee. Address Farmer, Box Q.
Madras, Oregon. Jll-2t-pc".
For Sale Cheap. 9 acres of
fine potatoes in the field, most of
them early. Also 2nd hand
hack. A. R. Faussett, Madras,
For Sale One 14 ft Header,
good condition, and two Header
boxes and nets. Inquire of M.
L. Loucks. j44t.
- For Sale. Separator and en
gine, at a bargain. Pride .of
Washington separator, practical
ly new, having been run only
thirty days, wind stacker and
self feeder. Advance engine. For
further information write Cooke
Bros., Condon, Oregon.
For good residence and business
lots in Madras, call on O. A.
Pearce, selling agent for the
holdings of the Inland Empire
Company. Over 300 lots to
choose from. Prices very low. tf
For residence and business lots
see O. A. Pierce. . tf
FARM LOANS!! Madras State Bant.
TO LOAN $50,000.00 on farm lands.
See Brenton Jones, Metolius, Ure.
MONEY TO LOAN ON FAEMS. See-'
Mudras State Unuk.
FOU SALE At the Pioneer Oflloo
L'iral Blanks or all kinds; Carbon
and Typewriter paper, Installment
bale contracts, Notes and Receipts.
Notice is hereby given that the
partnership heretofore existing
and known as Drs. Haile & Gale,
was dissolved July 15th, 1912."
All accounts due said firm. pay
able to Dr. H. B . Haile, and all '
outstanding bills' against the firm
will be settled by him.
Dr. H. B. Haile
Dr. Arthur Gale.
You are hereby notified that
the Central Oregon Ice & Coid
Storage Co, will not stand for
any bills contracted by Gilbert
F. Smith, and no collections of
the firm accounts made by him
will be recognized.
Central Oregon Ice & Cold