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About The Madras pioneer. (Madras, Crook County, Or.) 1904-current | View Entire Issue (June 13, 1912)
.t . in anticipate vour wants for the hot weather. Wc have iust received
M." "c "f GINGHAMS, JEPHYRS, PERCALES, LAWNS ETC.,
l(e most wanted colors, patterns and designs and were never better prepared to supply you.
Our Prices Considering Quality are the Same as in
The Big City of Portland
DO NOT FAIL TO SEE THEM :
W. L. Powers Talk of Methods to
Prevent Evaporation From
MENS' GOLF and NEGLIGEE SHIRTS
bsvc just arnvcci i.vi.ijf unv u mww w ..ww . , . . .. ..vm w f is. w
YOU CAN KEEP COOL AND SAVE
MONEY BY TRADING HERE
Central OrRffMI Mfirna
FISTON D' AVERNAS No. 4455
t t m 1 T AHA III'! I A mi" I TV I kilt. I A.
MAX INo, I IU5UJ UMIV1, rLLLrtiic no.
Stallion Registration Board
STATE OF OREGON
Jack, No 896
Dated nt CorvalU-.IOrcgon, January 16, 1912.
Thatjedlnee of the Stallion Flston d'Avcrnas. No. 4455 Vol. XVI
K5. reriatered in the studbook of Tho American ABsn. of Importers
Brwdwof Belgian Draft Horaes. Owned by Jerry C. Southman,
ru..i.riMi IjIiiiiii.v. i iri'uiin. nii'ii u v vliuubl.u m u i- a j , a w
- f Rint- np Kmc f!nrfniifnn rKAR21
Max 11050 ' '
k - j
Sire op Dam, Poladin 100C0
Dam OF Dam, Rosscttc d' Avernas 13555
Breed: Belgian. Foaled in the year 1907. has been examined by tho
IAD Keffiltrnttnn Hnnni nf fimtmn nn1 if m hnrnlm nnrfifinri Ihiit ihn
ilwhoaor iack is of Pure Itrcudlntr. is rccistereu in the Btudbook
LI TC07TllZri hv lh nuonftlnttnna nnmnrl In anntinn ninn nf fin flpf. nf
- w ... ...... u u -J blltb J v.w. . . w v..w
DI BLAllinnR PTf lllrtll in rhnnll fin t thnVnii.ntnnrn Slflfn 4 r.tll-11 II tr
Wl. and that tho ubnvn nnmp1 sfnlliin nr inrU hns hnnn nxnminotl
ueyeiennanan appointed by tho Stallion Registration Board and is
usUUnunPRfl. nnil 111 hnrnhlf ninnni f unil rttiKlt anvtinn in 4hn
EDWARD L. POTTER
Scc'y Stallion Registration Board.
Will make the Season of 1 9 1 2 as foil
ton's Livery Barn
r$10.00 SINGLE SERVICE
20.00 TO INSURE COLT
JERRY G. SOUTHMAN, Owner
9 Ot OttLE
G. V. STANTON
? Orders Promnt Attention
Diver Best Of Feed And Care
At . .
The Cloth of Billiard Tables.
In the county of Gloucestershire,
England, thero lives n family of weay
ctb who for generations have manu
factured a cloth known as the west
of England cloth, whoso fineness of
texture nnd evenness of surface have
never been equaled despite thousands
of dollars used for machinery njm
attempt to duplicate this product JTh
secret of this Gloucestershire family
has been well kept, and thoy are the
buyers of the finest grade of yool that
tho market Is ablo to produce. Months
of hard labor and energy Is spent in
tho manufacture of 100 yards of the
material, and compensation for Its
ownership Is rife among tho buyers,
owing to tho limited qunntlty availa
ble. All professional billiard players,
both In Great Britain, where their
gamo demands n higher degreo of ac
curacy than that of the United States.
and tho American players usually car
ry along their own cloth, which Is
placed on the tables before every Im
portant game. Now York Sun.
Bomo Secret Burials.
Alarlc, king of tho Visigoths and
their victorious leader, was burled
about 1.500 years ago by hls-soldlers In . pfer cent 0f manure uSe(j.
iuu ueu ul luu river duhuuiu, iu auuiu
em Italy. They first turned tho wa
ters Into another channel and, after
burying their chief nnd his treasures,
let them flow back again. Ills grave
wns dug by prisoners, who were nil
aftorward put to death, so that tho Ro
mans might never find his grave.
Attlla, king of the Huns, was burled
A. D. -153 on n wide plain in three cof
fins one of gold, one of silver nnd tho
third of iron. In his case, too, all tho
prisoners who were compelled to dig
his grave were Immediately killed.
Another secret burial in later history
was that of Fernando de Soto, the dis
coverer of the Mississippi, whose cof
fin wns sunk at midnight in the middle
of the broad stream to conceal his
death from tho natives, who had been
told that he was an Immortal child of
The Lovers' Leap.
Sappho killed herself by Jumping
from tho Lovers' leap, a Leucadiaa
cliff. This leap was often taken by
lovesick persons, who believed that if
they survived tho fall they would bo
effectually cured of a hopeless passloi).
Tho leaps were always witnessed by
crowds of spectators, and tho would
be suicides were in no way interfered
with by tho state. Boats ward In at
tendance bolow to pick up tho loaperja
if they enmo to tho surface of the sea
after tho plunge. Sappho had a pas
sion for a young mnn who did not re
turn her love and lenped from the cliff
in order to bo cured. Sho perished in
tho fall. So also did Artlmcsla and
mnny oiuur ceieui iwua.
l'lluy tells a curious story of an old
Athenian miser who was In love with'
UIS COOK uiiu, uuHiruiK 'i u. wbui iu. -Jihrof,,--- J tt. .i. ,
have n look nt-tbe cliff. He peeped J . . ,f 1L P "ut) iU cnat
over, shook his head, went homo nnd muse De understood and control
married tho cook. ed. Evanoration consists ?r fV
i tl( VttV
n norvrnf iin vf urnfnw 4-i t
Old World Armorers. v , tUe iurm
In olden times the armorer's work "J- vujjur, uy tne air. ine capao-
was not of a rough and ready doscrip- ity' of the air for, vapor depends
llOIl, UUI. KUUUIUIIjr uuiu luu ni(,uo ul
highly wrought workmnuship. Tho va.
rlous pieces of a suit fit info their po-
sltlona to n nicety, tnero
A.1..nl rtrwl na a tllln rftfV
uukvo .-.w -v.rf mjHong evaporation from watpr
Ion und reputation huvo left their, sarfacd- is a.jjpod. indicator of the
hall mark on tho armor of each period, mean eff ect'of aH weath fir prnHi
and. UJco most otuer iniustriess ii una ,orig ut,6n ovhrjomtinn cn
Its distinguished masters. Tho name r-f. .y
of Jacob Topf is, for exumpie, still fa- moisture. Measurement of evap-.
nrouB In Englnud. ana sucn names nB yrucion is us lmnortant as .mens
thoso of Lorenzo-uouuan or AugsDerg. urement 6f rainfa . Tho annnnl
'The recent period of abundant
rainfall has left the soil unusual
ly well supplied with moisture,
and with the tremenduous possi
bilities of our growing season
just begun, it seems desirable to
direct attention to the most ap
proved methods of conserving
this supply of moisture for the
use of crops throughout the dry
months. The efficiency of soil
water may be measured by the
actual useful work performed by
a given quantity of water. To
increase the efficiency and main-
tian and operate a supply of
water during our growing season
requires a careful consideration
of the reasons for the loss o
water, and of the means o
maintaining a suitable supply.
A greater average moisture
content may be maintained (1)
by direct addition of water in ir
rigation; (2) by increasing the
water capacity; (3) or by check
ing the losses of water.
Omitting the first method, the
water capacity of .soil may b'e in
creased by changing the texture
and structure. Any treatment
such as liming or tillage which
will increase the mellowness of
the soil and introduce more pore
space, makes it possible for the
soil to absorb more of the late
The only way of modifying
the texture of soil is -to increase
the organic matter content as
the per cent of sand and clay is
mixed. By experiments con
ducted by the writer, it was
found that the water capacity
of a sou was increased on an
average of 8 per cent' for each
applying manure to the field
there was a gam in moisture
about the manured strata, even
before any irrigation or rain
The soils supply of moisture
is lost in three ways, viz., per
colation, transpiration and evap
oration. The former two of these
can be little controlled, (a) Per
colation can be lessened in irri
gation by using only moderate
amounts of water, and this
should be much less for cultivat
ed crops than for meadow's. A
loose, cultivated surface will
prevent percolation - of spring
rains over the surface. (b)
Transpiration is the passage of
water up "through the plant and
out. through the pores' in leaves
and will vary somewhat with the
drough resistance and water re
quirements of "different plants.
The loss is greater in proportion I
to tne amount ot energy used in
securing the .water. Lifting
w.ater, from depths, poor cultiva
tjoni I?oor fertility, arid weather
n i . .
a au navo some ertect on.
the wafer cost of drv .matter.
(c).vaporation is responsible
greatest waste of soil
on temperature, percentage sat
uration df the ajr, wind! move-
tro nro no rough ment and other atmospheric con
German armorer of tho sixteenth
century; Luclo I'luclnino, a Mlinncse,
and tho Wolfs of Lnndshut, n .family
of armorers that nro' Hu'pposed 'fo Hjife
worked for Philip II. of Spain, aro
celebrated In their own countries. Ar-
"DIbblo doesn't scorn to know much
about busluess matters." "No?" "Whori
told him to look mo up In Bradstrcet
ho uskod ma what number." Birming
rT77r " .
evaporation nere lrom a water
surfaces is something like four
feet. ; We find by epxeriment
that wind movement has more
effect on evaporation than tem
perature and humidity combined.
The mean increase in evanora-
tion per mile wind movement
was found to bo 1 per cent, and
a three foot windbreak saved 21
per cent of the loss of an exposed
water surface. Evaporation from
a soil surface depends on the
above and condition and wetness
of surface and character of soil
Experiments conducted through
out the west show that a wet soi
surface may lose more than
water surface, but where Ihe top
layer of soil becomes dry there
is a saving by storing water m
the soil tank. If we call the loss
from a water surface 1UU per
cent then the unmulched soil tank
loss is 56.7 per cent of the losso
the water surface; a 1 inch
mulch 31.1 ner cent: 3linch, 22
per cent; 6 inch 15.5 per cen
and a 9 inch mulch only 13.3 per
cent of the loss of the water
Mulceing is at present the most
practical means of checking evap
oration, but-its importance is no
fully appreciated and made use
of. Mulches absorb rainfall and
lessen run off; lessen capillary
rise and evaporation : aid venti
lation; encouraged deep rooting
and make plants more drought
The mulch must be provided
promptly to be most effective,
and the aim should be to stir the
upper strata which is to form
the mulch so that it will dry out
rapidly and it will then interrupt
upward capillarity from below.
The kind of mulch which is most
effective is one that contains a
good proportion of crumbs from
the size of a pea to the size of a
walnut, and is kept dry by cul
tivation throughout its entire
depth. To. provide such a mulch
it is necessary to cultivate when
the soil is yet moist enough to
hold together in small lumps. In
cultivating, the soil should be
turned biit.not pulverized to a
dust. The time to cultivate must
beodified for each particular
soil, but in general, level cultiva
tion every tweve or fifteen days
to a depth of 2 or 3 inches gives
the most effective and economi
cal mulch. Cultivation must b
most frequent early in the season
and should be given after heavy
rains to prevent crusting. The
depth of cultivation should be
varied slightly and a sandy soil
that is naturally mulched will
lose more moisture if the mulch
is inverted so as to expose moist
soil unnecessarily. In daces
where the grain was put in early
and the ground has been com
pacted by the spring rains, it is
desirable to use such a tool as
the hallock weeder.
Potato ground and cultivated
fields need harrowinc and con-
inued, level cultivation to con
serve moisture and keep weeds
down. Alfalfa fields go through
the dry months in better mois
ture condition and make growth
with lower per cent foreign mat
ter where they have been
thoroughly cultivated in early
spring with the alfalfa weeder
uiiu tnc luust: eartn rouea or
harrowed down, making a valu
able mucin. Early spring plow
ing and plowing for fallow
should be harrowed promptly
after plowing and after heavy
rains to kill weeds and maintain
Providing windbreaks and main
taining a cultivated ' soil mulch
should increase the yields in the
dry farming sections, while ir
rigation of moderate amounts ap
plied in deep furrows where pos
sible and followed promptly by
cultivation will save water, which
would otherwise injure soil, to
be used in enlarging the irri
VV. L. Powers, Supt. Crook Co.
ITEMS OF INTEREST
Wanted A job on a ranch for a
year. Can do anything on a farm
O. L. Stone,
jl3-2t-p. Hay creek, Oregon.
Wanted A competent girl for
general house work. Apply to
Mrs. Harry Key, Madras Ore.
For Sale Hack in good con
dition, large roll top desk and
good cider mill.
M. F. King, 690
Appjy to Mrs.
For Sale. Separator and en-
gme, at a oargam. rnae oi
Washington separator, practical
ly new, having been run only
thirty days, wind stacker and
self feeder. Advance engine. For
further information write Cooke
Bros., Condon, Oregon.
I have taken the agency for
the John Deere Implement line
and Hodges Headers and Binders,
and have full line of repairs for
them. For special orders call
early to avoid delay.
B. "S. Lark in.
Any one who has borrowed any
of my carpenter tools, will pleas
return them at once.
M30-tf. Fred Davis.
For good residence and business
lots in Madras, call on O. A.
Pearce, selling agent for the
holdings of the Inland Empire
Company. Over 300 . lots to
choose from. Prices very low. tf
Money to Loan,
On good improved ranches, on
either three or five years time
Inquire at this office.
For residence and business lots
see O. A. Pierce. tf
Thoroughbred . Jersey Bull.
Service at the Madras Hotel
barns. Terms S2.50.
W. C. Moore, owner.
'or Sale. Small black team.
The price will be made right.
See Ashley & Ashley.
by iu lulnt die, Wo qiutti, J,0w
quipped Uboutonr undti lh
(fiicAtoQ of . KicaUs. muI ciptit
t?'t?er " U sue wwk.
WhmkuyingLfflr iMed .youbuy
bcteuedeocx. Sul lot cttelos.
1 1 vjm. M. Lilly Co., S4ttfa
AdvertUe la tho Madrti pUmecr
NOTICE FOR BIDS.
The undersigned will receive
sealed bids for the material and
erection, either separately or
both together, of a school house.
according to plans and specifica-
10ns for same which, may be
seen at the store of Smith &
Sroufe, at Vanora, Oregon.
baid bids may be handed in
until 10 oclock, A. M. June 12th.
912. Each bid to be accompanied
oy a bond for $500 for th
urnishing of material and n.
bond for S500 for the workmar
The board reserves the right to
reject any or all bids. Building
to be completed not later than
September 1st, 1912.
J. E. Campbell, chairman.
FARM LOANS!! Madras Slate Bant
FOR SALE At the Pioneer Office
Lpgttl Wanks of all kinds; Carbon
and Typewriter" paper, lnstallojeat
8ale contracts, Notes and Receipts.
MONEY TO LOAN ON
Muriras State Bank.
?JRLfNr;$50'00Q'00on n iands.
See Brenton Jpnea, Metolius, Ore.
Whooping cough is not dangerous
when the cough is kept loos and ex
pectoration easy by giving Chamber
lain s Cough Remedv. It h
used in many epidemics of this diseass
w.w. HceCt success. For sale by M.
mm i "M- v mm m i wm-Tm--mmtmmmmmmmmmi
SUpi;' k'!, JWw ad Bowels.
It la worse than useless to take n
medicines nternnliu . ? ny
chronie riianm.Vi. T"' V.i . or
is a fre nn fi" needed
Wnimant. rV'V?. nBbrlaJn
m v sate u v ru sj-.
-r a kJHUUK.
S A 'J.
r "i rm