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About The Madras pioneer. (Madras, Crook County, Or.) 1904-current | View Entire Issue (Dec. 16, 1909)
jjf BOAT IS LOST
n . i nn
iia stealer ana tnw u
0D8IN IN LAKE ERIE STORM
... . i.i.,nH nt 8)360.000 and
I Ship W "
Cfg0 of Loaaoa rrcift"! w,
at About 840,000.
twrolt, Mich-, J)ec 31-AU hPc
. ... Mtirmiet St Dasscinur
tUt tte car v .
. ., ...tiii'od tlio wintry fate that baa
IQ, m V"" " '
Blj,Lako Krio a watory griwoyatd In
... ...t 70 liOUrS nun iiviwm
Ldcd at the head offices of 'lie
jbrmjelte & ucssenior uucn xmvi
.omitany, owners of the vcasel.
u .. Mifved thnt Captain It. It. Mc-
lj Cf fouueaut, mid his crow of 31
... hive cone down wnn mo steamer.
n. Marnurttc & HoHscmor No. 2 loft
it- . . . . .
CojBttut, Ohio, at 10i2G o'clock Tuc
i.r morning for Port Stanloy, Out.
ib 30 loaded earn and, under ordinary
W(Jition, should havo roachod her
MiMtlon nt 3 o'clock that artcr
Uoj. Sbo liu not boon sighted by
hlkboaU An empty green yawlboat
nd lomf wreckage wa scon by tlio
jtmr W. . Davick, near Long
1 Punt, Ont, Yawlboata of tho No.
I at M.ntrd green.
Itf Marquette & Boasomer No, 2 loft
Cctarttit at (J o'clock Tuesday for Port
Stslty and it wan 50 bourn boforo she
i n) brard from. She hai alnco acarched
I tie laie toward Point Poloc, but has
(Mid nothing of her nlntor ahip. Tuga
lit' tcourcd the lnko and report no
tat of tho o, 2.
Ti Marnuctte & Draacmcr No. 2 wfla
ni::M at i.i(J.ooo nnii t no carLM at
luirt than flO.OOU. She was built 11
''(fTciaod in J!0.'. Tho boat ia operated
I .. . I. II . ... . .1 . T
it me re re .Miirqiiouo aim mo jicsbc
wr ii jiko i.rie roods.
ANDRE'S BALLOON FOUND.
UNIONS WILL AID STRIKERS.
Chicago Fodoratlon of Labor Plodges
Chicago, Dec. 7,Indoralng tho aland
taken by the swltchmon in tho north-
woat, unions affiliated with tho Chicago
ouonuion or L,nbor havo pledged tho
trikora moral and flnnncini
Hitter attacks woro mndo on tho rail
road brotherhoods who have rofuacd to
Id tho awltehtnon.
That tho mon In Chicago expect to
) drawn into tho
plain by Jamos H. Connors, vico-presl-dont
of tho awltchm ln'n linlnn wlm
declared that If a striko is ordorcd horo
tno union mon belonging to the Brother
hood of Jtallrond Tralnmon will go out
wim mo awiicnmon and "rofuio to bo
leu by a wolf In sheep's clothing."
PrOlldout Hnwlnv. of llin nwltMitnonl.
union in St. Paul, announced tonight
that tho men at all eastern polnta woro
proparod to striko on a moment's no
tice, but that tho situation at this timo
does not warrant ordorlng them out, as
tho tlo-un in tho northwest U nrnrtlnilv
Against tho ontlmtatle vintr nt Prf.
dent Hnwley, dlspntcboa from tho cltloa
niiociou swiicu mat tno movomcnt of
trains was being hindered moro by the
heavy fall of snow than by any lack of
mon to throw tho switches. Nearly 100
cars of wheat were moved Into Minne
apolis today by tho Croat Northern, and
frolght was handlod nt tho MInncaoto
transfer for tho first time sinco tho
"Wo havo OVOrvLhlnir tlnil nn from
Duluth to 8oattlo," said Mr. Connors,
"and wo are trolncr to keen It tlml nn
until tho railroads aro ready to treat us
fairly. Tho only' thing that can defeat
mo awuenmon in tnis struggle is tlio
trenchory of klndrod organizations. All
wo want thoao organization! to do In in
koop their hands off and let us nttend
a- M t V . .
io our own auairs. it nas been charged
bv President Leo. of thn nrnftinrtinnA
of Itallrond Trainmen, through his press
agent, that members of our organization
iook tho places or other men on striko
That is a lie, and I defy any man to
snow that a member or tho switchmen's
union over scabbed' in bis life."
luij Met Death In Fight With Eskimo
Tribes of North.
WrD'pi'g, Manitoba, Dec. 11.
bp Pancal, who has chargo of tho
I it of Princo Albort, which cm
IfHH the sub Arctic country to tho
wta of that city, brings back with
tia a nlory of the finding of traces of
ilalloon in which S. A. Andre, Swed
i-'l njilorcr, attempted to drift across
M He Xorth Pole.
Uo of Iliahop Pascal's missionaries
ftfoUfd to him that, whilo working
Mong the Kskimos of the Arctic re
f, he met a tribe which had somo
f the plunder of the party with them
Tkfse natives had in thoir possession
quantity of rope of a quality -which
tould not got in a barter from
ty which enter tho Arctic Sea.
Vlifn questioned tho Kskimos told
af mauy years before thoy had corao
n two white mon who camo down
of tho sky in a "whito house'
men had afterward starved to
itl, ud tho natives had seized upon
i tie ailoun, tho eorduge of which they
'""ne,i to their usos,
"'shop Ptmcal instrnctcil tho mission
'f 'o return Iiml irnt fnrtlmr ilntnllii!
A Hu.Uon's Hay factor has the same
jc -a a somewhat dilroront form
' torv is coiifirmcd from tho I.on
o oflici. of the company, whoro it
V ""f m ofllrial dispatches. Accord-
'H to tho fnrtor. nn Tnilinn nrrivnd
h". PO't on tho Upper Churchill in
" toiii an extondod trapping and
"Iidk trip along tho borders of tho
in nnrtlmrti r'n,ln
Tbe Indian told of hn'vlng met a
Hy of Kskimos who hnd boon hunt-
r"on one of tlio islands of tho Arctic
I AM day thev behold a no
i !aiar arinnritlnn in wi,n
r?1- nicy started to approach tho na-
- " niaoo hoatilo domonstrations. Ono
i.i jyI,lt0 ,non a K" nd a
W followed In which tlio natives
victorious, killing all three of the
rian-l rp.M Tn
''JPrnninntrt r-.i t.. -- . t.
""i 1 wee. xi. Jast wcck
leif f 1 iwnuu in Vinson rui
in " "PPor part
hrai (. """l-v nnu on ono or its
hi Z . p" n No 3 "tool trap. Ii
J'ist been leamod that on Novem
trin'T ?n Rlo got Into a No. 3 steel
PIjtLmi R.,nK t0 N Oroonslnto of
'lb i, ' A,,1lor county, and carried
th Unp, u.v"y with It. It is bollovod
I 'b ,Z ' Amor county, and cai
tbe V.i "V1.? wll is bollovod
MMnit-i . IU" ni ugowood, wnicn
'UVn .?b1!,t !10 m,los ffn Plymouth,
hUX r r ""p' 18 th0 Bo that carried
I Wore, " " irnp auout ten
70r1''. Or., Dec. Jl.-The Alaska
I frmen'8 lckiff company received
Ilroko i "y from samuol Holmes, a
rtli PLin. Now York, offoring to soil
"'tii s, iU""""or roarys Arc
if that th? -r, ll00l,0velt. Tho lottor states
I1"' isin "ir 18 ospocially adaptou
!k "nK northorn wntnra. nn,l cost
IW.J? V '150,000, but. havW accom-
,furtli!r l,u!;P080i tho ownors havo
-of the for nd will dispose
craft for nn ooa
If h,n " UJ08es w Mill,
W&Ui Doc. ll.-Tho Shof-
' Cmpa'caanot get wheat.
OEOBOE OF OEEEOE TO QUIT.
Prefers Abdication Now to Disgrace
Which Seems Certain.
Berlin. Dec. 7. King George of
Greece says tho "Wiener Allgcmcino
Zcltung," which is inspired by tho
Austrian foreign office, has resumed tho
idea of abdicating for himself nnd his
Tno king cannot overcomo the fact
that his sons have boon forced to quit
tho nrmy and tho navj a fact which
ho bolloves rondors it Impossible for
tho crown princo ever to ascend the
throne, nftor having beon excluded
from the country's sorvlcc.
K (Tort a aro boing rnado on the part
of several courts to dissuade tho king
from tnkinc this step.
His mnjesty last August determined
to rcalim. and made all preparations,
only giving up the Idea on receipt of
a telegram from King Edward, who
was then nt Maricnbad, imploring him
not to resign in order to avoid great
KIdc George, however, Is now great
ly depressed by recent events, nnd is
afraid of being deposed unless he ab
dicates. Tho chances of maintaining
tho dynasty appear to hlra very small
CANADA OPENS WAE ON U. S.
Grain Men See Fight If Erie Ohannol
Ia Not ImprovoL
Ottnwn. nnnadn. Dee. 7. Tho nrimo
minister has practically assured a dep
utation of shipping interests thnt tho
government hns decided to rcconsiruci
thn Wnllnnd ennnl.
Now plnns will reduce tho number of
locks from twonty-iivo to seven, ana
Mila U rnrrnrilnrl hv slilnninc men ns the
first step In n long war between the
graln-cnrrylng interests of tho United
Stntes and Cannda. Since tho Welland
locks wcro deepened to 14 foot, tho brio
- M I ff 1-
bargo canal, rrom uiiuoio io xew ior
hns been doing practically no business,
T U nntntnil out that an nppronria'
lion from the state of New York of
mn nnn ono wns made n short
timo ago, and tho Erlo cannl will be
deepened to la icct.
Tho Erlo when she feet deep could
.n.. rrrntn throil (t)i to Now York
rticnpor than It could bo carried via the
welland canal, wnen inni enmu
only night feet deep. With tho Erie
12 foot deop, It Is argued thnt tho
United Htntos would get an wic uum
Fcara Felt for Steamer.
Halifax. N. 8., Dec. 7. It is feared
horo tonight thnt tho Tted Cross liner
Rosnllrig, commanded by Captain Smith,
nnd bound from New York ror at
T.i. w v.. wm ii victim of a furious
' M 1. i.
cale which Bwopt tho sens or soiunwcoi-
unmfniinn nnn in hl vt:tii. ui u .iv.
nnaannrrnr tint. ThO StOnmOr,
which sailod from horo for St. Johns
on Tuosdny, was last heard rrom oy
wlroless Wodncsdny morning, when sho
roportod a torriflc galo arid a hard pas
sago. Tho steamor nt midnight was 100
1IU1UUV. , ,
San Francisco, Deo. 7. Tho lumbor
stoamor Excelsior was drlvon nshoro at
Moss landing, 80 miles south of this
o tv. during tno siurm
" ,..l(l,nnf Inlnrv. and
tlio crow ubci- . '-,'. .
tho position of tho vessol is not believed
; t . .i Thn dtnnmor was
10 DO miihku"m"' - " " .
loaded with lumbor and could not make
hoadway against tho storm which nroso
so suddonly that thoro wns no chance
to get ' cioar oi iu . r V! ii C
broke Tho rovonuo cutter McCulloch
hus gono to thoajaoituoijouiu.
wnntf War Still Rages.
San Francisco, Dec. 7. Despite the
il. nLiM. Qtv flflrrinnnlM find
the "oaco offlclala of this entire atato
r" . . a M,n nni, r which
to bring an uuu ,iv -----
: . i- nvnr n month bo-
has pw':. .v . ;n; On Ylck
tweon tno oo r i
tong, two moro Uvea wow nuffed out
today, making eight murder, since the
war wna uoub
PROCEEDINGS 111 CONGRESS IN BRIEF
Friday, December 10.
Washington, Dec. 10. As a promiso
of activity in tho intorcat of legisla
tion, senators today Introduced more
than .loo bills and resolutions cover
ing a groat variety of subjects, Many
failed of passage in tho last congress,
and DO per cent will reccivo scant con
sideration this session. Many aro for
pensions not granted under tho gonornl
SUinding out as a striking proposi
tion was a resolution by Senator Kay
tier today authorizing tho president of
tho United tttates to cause President
Zolayu to bo apprehended i.x a i-ommon
criminal, charged with the murder of
two Americans engnged in revolution
ary activity in Nicaragua, contrary to
tpe code of war of all civilized nations.
The liouso was in session an hour
and a half and a largo number of meas
ures were introduced. Tho most strik
ing feature of tho proceedings was a
speech by Itepresontativo Kuestonnan,
or Wisconsin, denying that his interest
in German shipping was so great; as to
cause him to antagonizo a bill for the
relief of tho American merchant marine.
As no reports havo been made by
committees, both houses aro withoii.
subjects upon which to logislato. Th':
senate, therefore, adjourned until Mon-
dny and the nouso until Tuesday.
Thursday, December 9.
Washington, Dec. 9. Senator Aid-
rich and Speaker Cannon, tho most
powerful men In congress, arc opposed
to any and all legislation looking to
tho lending of financial aid to com
plote government irrigation projects
now In course of construction. Tney
are opposed to a bond issue; they aro
opposed to a direct appropriation, and
aro opposed to all other plans thus
Western sonators and representa
tives most directly interested in this
legislation aro sadly divided among
themselves as to how money should bo
raised for this purpose. Somo sup
port tho bond ' issue; others favor a
direct appropriation: somo want tho
government to issue interest-bearing
warrants or certificates. There is
woeful lack of unanimity.
Washington, Dec. 0. Assurance that
steps of an important character toward
the development of a system or wa
terways improvement in tho heart of
thl) country would bo taken by tho
present congress wore given by Pres
ident Taft to delegations which ho
received in the oast room of tho White
To .100 committeemen, representing
the Ohio Valley Improvement associa
tion, the president promised to bring
what influence he could in favor of
the improvement of tho Ohio; and
later to the committee of 500 from
the New Orleans "Lakes to tho Gulf
Deep Waterways" convention, ho said
that the interest of those in congress
who heretoforo hnve turned a cold
shoulder to tho entire subject of
waterway improvement had been
Washington, Dec. 9. A $1,000,000
cut in tho appropriations for tho coal
supply for tho navy was recommended
today to the houso naval auairs com
mittee by Itear-Admiral Cowlcs, chief
of the bureau of equipment or the
This means a corresponding curtail
mont of tho activities of tho vessels
in pursuance of tho general policy of
reducing an government expenuuurcs
Wednesday, December 8.
Washington, Dec. 8. Tho sonato com
mittee on public expenditures, crcntod
less than a year ngo, held its nrst for
inal meeting today, and evolved a plan
for the co-operation of congress nnd the
executive departments In an cliort to
hold in check a tendency toward largo
appropriations by every congress. A
ni nt congressional commission, on which
tho executivo branch of tho government
was to bo represented, wns suggested
It is planned thnt such a commission
hnvo the power to investigato an mat
tors cnlling for appropriations and all
projects that might in tho futuro in
volve n large expenditure. Soveral
subcommittees wero appointed to deal
with tho standing committees of the
sonnto that hnndlo the great supply
Wnaliinrrtnn. Tipc. S. TllOllins P.
Cleavos and James C. Courts, clorks
respectively or the senato and uouso
committees on appropriations, nave is
sued their annual comparison of esti
mnfpH of annronriatlons.
.. - t ...
Tho llgures show a total estimate ior
tho next fiscal year, boglnning July 1,
nt n7S.12.'5.709. as eoninnred with a
total appropriation in the lust session
of $l,oa,saa,ooi, and total . estimates
of thnt session for $1,058,387,508.
Tim nstimatn is moro than $80,000,000
loss than thnt of tho previous session,
and nlmost i(i-ia,uuu,uuu joss man tno
actual appropriations or that session.
Wnolilnrrton. Dec. 8. Thd houso com
mlttoo on agriculture today decided to
tnko up tho agricultural appropriation
bill noxt Monday. Tho estimates upon
... t I Ml i. !
which noaringa win oo givuu upiiruxi
n.niA 1Q nnO.nOO. Thn Scott bill to tiro
lilliit dnnllncr in futures in cotton, grain
nnd other farm products will bo pressed
Tuosday, Decembor 7.
Washington. Doc. 7. President Taft
today sent to tho senato a list of about
1,200 nominations to rouorai omcos
Will Fight Anti-Trust Law.
Washington, , Doc. 9. Whon congress
conBldors tho Wiokorsham proposal for
amondlng tho Sherman anti-trust law
this winter, nnothor luslstont demand
will bo mndo by tho American Federa
tion of Labor to incorporate a clauso
clearly oxempting labor and trado
unions from its operations. This
measure, togothor with tho antl-lnjuno-tion
law, aro tho two things that or
ganized labor will fight hardest for this
winter, according to Satnpol Gompors.
Practically all aro recess appointments
announced from timo to timo as made
and tho greater part of tho list is made
in of nostmnsters in tho smaller cities
nnd census supervisors.
One of tho important now announce
ments Is thnt or tho reappointment of
l.Votill(n If. T.nnn na a. member of tho
interstate commcrco commission. San-
ford ii, Dolo, ox-governor or tno iia
waiin Islands, Is named as United
States judgo for tho territory of
Wfmlilmrfnn. Dec. 7. Tho nrcsident
today sent to tho sonato tho following
nominations, among them several recess
llohnrt .T. Hendricks, first
district; Seneca C, BcoaIi, second dis
trict. Washington Bobort W. Hill, first
district; Gay 8. Kelly, second district;
Arthur M. Sterch, third district.
Idaho Joseph Perrnult, Jr.
T.nml office Charles B. Merrick.
register, Portland; B. P. Jones, reglB
Washington. Dec. 7. Senator Jones
today introduced a bill transferring to
Whitman colloso tho entire military
reservation at Walla Walla, Wash., it
boing the desire of tho war department
to dispenso with that army post. There
aro 100 acres in tho reservation, for
which tho governmont will havo no fur
ther use after tho post is abandoned,
and representatives of the college aro
anxious to secure it for their institu
Monday, December 6.
Washington. Dec. fl.--Whcn the sen
ato wna called to order 81 members
responded. Practically no business was
transacted by cither house, and as a
mark of respect to tho lato Senator
Martin Johnson, of North Dakota, the
upper liouso adjourned after being in
session only 13 minutes.
Brief ns was tho senate's is minute
session, it was enlivoned by an unsuc
cessful attempt on the part or Air.
Bailey to defeat tho passage of tho
usual resolution that the daily sessions
begin at noon, suggesting that the
senato should convene instead at 2
o'clock. Mr. Bailey said ho would
like to see tho senate hold night ses
sions that sonators might devoto the
day to individual business.
Tho house session continued 40 min
utes, in which W. W. McCredie, new
representative from tho Second Wash
ington district, wno succceus tno iaio
Francis W. Cushman, was sworn in.
Although only 341 members responded
to thoir names, almost a full member
ship appeared on tho house floor.
Tho following bills wero introduced:
Garner. Pa., to investigate entiro cus-
toms service, particularly in regard to
tho sugar frauds: Hitchcock. Nebras
ka, for the establishment of postal
savings banks; Mann, Illinois, for fed-
oral regulation or tho "white siavo
trade," another by Mr. Mann for free
admission of wood pulp; Hamilton,
Michigan, to grant statehood to jnow
Mexico and Arizona.
Resolutions of respect for the mem'
ory of Senator Johnson, of North Da
kota. and of Benresentatives Do Ar
mond and Lassitcr, who died in the
recess, wero adopted, and as a further
mark of respect -tho two nouses aa
journed until noon tomorrow.
Conservation Expects Opposition.
Washington. Dec. 7. The friends of
the policy of conservation of natural re
sources realize today that their fight
in the congress which convened Monday
will bo centered in tbe house commit
tee on lands. It is said that the con
servation measures aro apt to slumber
in tho committeo pigeon hole, unless tue
Fitzgerald amendment to tho houso
rulos can be operated to forco tho meas
ures out. Speaker Caunon and Itepro
sontativo Mondoll, of Wyoming, who is
chairman of tho lands committee, are
said to havo an understanding. Mondell
owns a great amount of land in Wyo
ming. it win do assorted that socro
tary Ballingor's recommendations for
conservation legislation aro for tho most
Forest Fires on Decrease.
Washington, Dec. 10. Wlrilo the mer
chnntablo timber destroyed in the years
of 1908 and 1909 compares favorably,
tlio most favorable comparison comes
in tho total amount dostroyed during
tho two years. In J908 timber and
young trees vabaod at $429,240 wero
destroyed by fires, whilo during tho year
just passod tho total was reduced to
$100,473.25. This is but 25 per cent of
tho amount destroyed tho year bofore,
Of this total $75,521 was in merchant
able timber, damago to tho reproduc
tion of timber $30,083.50, and to forage
Probe of Customs Asked,
Washington, Dec. 8. Three resolu
tions bearing upon investigation of the
customs sornco, introduced in tho houso
yesterday, woro roferrod to tho com
mittoe on rules. Representative Camp
boll of Kansas, author of ono resolu
tion, callod at tho dopartmont of jus
tice today to ascertain tho attitude of
tho dopartmont townrds his measure
Attornov-Gonoral Wiokorsham omnha
sized to him tho dosiro of tho president
that congress should koop hands off at
Marino Corps Out of Date.
Washington. Doc. 10. Olmnlntn lmr
racks, deteriorated rifles and a scarcity
or oniistcd men and ollieors nro tho basis
of somo of tho comnlnlnta mmln liv
Major-Gonoral Elliott, commandant of
it. . i
uie inarino corps, in ins annual report,
mndo public today, Ho laid particular
stross upon tho fact that 10,000 now
ruics aro needed by tno marine corps.
Taft Outs Out Automobiles.
Washington, Dec, II. Economy in
exponso accounts is boing impressod
upon officials in tho government serv
ice. A notablo caso is that bf internal
rovonuo agonts and inspectors, who aro
instructed that cabs, taxicabs and au
tomoblles aro to be used only in cases
or absolute necessity.
THE BUSINESS SIDE OF FARMING
Professor Bexoll Gives Somo Valuablo
and Interesting Pointers.
Oregon Agricultural College, Corval
lis, Dec. 0. Tho Oregon Agricultural
college has just issued a bulletin for
frco distribution emphasizing better
business methods on tho farm.
Professor Bexcll, tho author of the
bullotin, says "In his introduction:
"It is a truism to say that tho finan
cial sldo of farming is of tho utmost
importance. But tho xact remains that
this sldo of tho world's greatest indus
try is almost entirely neglected by both
the farmer and tho schools. Professor
Bailey says on this subject: 'In visit
ing practically every farm in ono of
tho counties of tho state (Now York)
wo did not find ono man who know
how much it cost him to produco milk
or to raise any of his crops.'
"Tho secretary of agriculture, in re
cent year books, points out tho remark
nblo prosperity of tho farmer; that the
export of farm products is vastly in
oxcess or au otner exports coraumcu;
that a million agricultural debtors
have been transformed during tho last
ten years into tno same number or sur
plus depositors; that 'contrary to his
reputation, tho farmer is a great or
ganized, and bo has achieved remarka
bio and enormous successes in many
lines of economic co-operation in which
the people of other occupations have
oither made no beginning at all or havo
nearly if not completely faUed.' He
points out that most farmers live bet
ter than tno average mercnant or me
"Tho business of farming assumes
two distinct phases: the productive
phaso and the oxchango phase. The
ono aims to extract the treasures irom
the soil: tho other to place them in
tbe hands of tho consumer. It is im
portant not only to raise abundant
crops, but also to sen tne products to
"Tho importance of the exchange
phase is often lost sight of. A farm
may be forced to yield to its maximum
capacity, labor may be managed prop
erly and waste reduced to a minimum;
and yet the net result may be a loss
at tho end of the year. Aa a general
economic proposition, it might be said
tnat jargo crops oiten result io serious
loss to society as a whole. If the net
valuo to the consumer is less than the
labor and capital expended on the crop,
society ia the Joser by the dirrerence.
Honco the importance of a thorough
understanding by the farmer as well
as by the merchant and manufacturer
of tho laws and methods of exchange
"That farming is a science has been
emphasized so much that the fact that
i ? i i .t. i i
it ia aiao a uu9iu39 ia uiivu iuai ajut
of. It is a real business, and one which
pays the United States close to eight
billion dollars annually. It has been
demonstrated repeatedly that no legit
imato business pays better than iarm
ing. It may be a little moro up-hill
work at tho start, since most farmers
begin business with small capital, but
it is incomparably safer in the long
run, and will insure a competence lor
old age with gTeater certainty than any
other occupation. But let it ever be
borne in mind that tho condition for
success is that farming must be con
ducted on business principles.
".Not many generations ago it was
considered sufficient for the average
manufacturer merely to record his cash
receipts and expenditures and to keep
a tolerably accurate' check on tho cash
balance. In many instances the left
trouser pocket served as the debit side
and the right as tho credit side of the
'ledger.' Modern business methods and
sharp competition havo changed these
notions until today it is necessary to
know the cost of production in ad
vanco to tho smallest detail. Ancient
business methods prevail yet, very gen
orally, on the farm. Tho wonderful
progress of the American farmer is due
to marvelous natural resources, labor
saving inventions, and natural inge
nuity, rather than to wiso and prudent
"In certain respects a farmer must
combine the methods of the manufac
turer and tho merchant. He must learn
not only how to increase production,
but also how to facilitate tho profitable
exchange of his products. lie must re
duce the cost of production to tho min
imum by increasing tho quality and
the quantity of his products, and by
getting full valuo out of labor. He
must manage so that his working force,
farm hands, children, horses, all are
constantly omployod. This requires
most skillful management in the rota
tion of crops, in the division of laoor,
in selecting seeds, fertilizers and stock,
and, above all, it requires general pru
dence in purchasing equipment and
supplies, and in marketing products.
This class of farmers require a varioty
or records to assist in tbe proper man
agement of thoir business. A first
class set of books is just as indis
pensible to them as to the banker or
ta tho manufacturer." '
The bullotin is illustrated with 20
full-page engravings. It will be sent
free on request. Address Professor J.
A. iioxell, uorvallis, Ore.
Strikers Fire on Guards.
Bridgeport, O., Dec. 0. Martial law
tonight holds sway horo, where 2,000
striking employes of tho Aetna-Stand
ard plant of the Shoet and Tin Plate
company, subsidiary of the United
States Stoel corporation, have boon
noting sinco midnight .Friday. A reg
imont of infantry, ono squadron of cav
airy and ovor 150 deputy sheriffs and
polico from tho eity guarded tho mills.
Five men have beon shot and more or
less sorlously woundod within 24 hours,
A federal court injunction . hns been
nskod to restrain strikers from injur
Ing tho plant.
Citizenship In Balance.
Donver, Colo., Doc. 0. Hundreds of
persons in Colorado, Now Mexico, Wyo
ming and Utah may loso thoir citlzon
ship rights as the result of orders re
colved In Denver today by Theodore
Sohmucker, chlof of tho naturalization
bureau horo. Tho victims will include
all who have received thoir final cor
tificatea within 30 days of a general
election of a local nature, and who
voted on tho atrongth of the granting
oi tag cerimcaiei.
CONGRESS IS OPENED
Usual first Day Cf r'tsifiics HtM
in Bttli Hrasts.
MANY CONTESTS ARE EXPECTED'
Sixty-First Congress Is Likely to Go
Down in History as Law Session
Will Investigate Nicaragua.
Washington, Dec 0. Tho keynote
of .the Taft administration will be
sounded at the first regular session of
tho sixty-first congress, which opened
today with tho usual .ceremonies and
benedictions by the chaplains of tho
That important action and quick ac
tion will be taken on the Nicaraguan
dispute over the execution of the two
Americans, Groce and Cannon, is a
foregone conclusion, as tbe president
and Secretary Knox are much wrought
up over the move of President Zelaya
of the Central American republic. It
is probable that action on this dispute
will develop into a controversy be
tween the supporters of the adminis
tration and the advocates of peace in
tho two houses.
The president's message of 16,000
words will be read tomorrow asking
for radical action in the alteration of
the laws regarding interstate com
merce and the big corporations of the
country, public lands and the conser
vation of natural resources.
On all these subjects a straggle is
apt to develop between the president
and the conservative element in his
own party, headed by Senator Nelson
W. Aldrich in the senate, and Speaker
Joseph Cannon in the house on the
one thand, and tbe president and tne
insurgents of both houses, who seek
more radical action than the president,
on the other hand.
The insurgents will make themselves
heard in an effort to amend the pres
ent house rules to limit the power of
the speaker, and in tho senate they
will endeavor to force some action on
a tariff commission. Representative
Fowler will lead in the house in an
effort to forco a monetary reform
along the lines of asset currency.
President Taft's belief in the issu
ance of bonds for the completion of
irrigation projects now under way as
well as the development of navigable
rivers and harbors will meet with
some opposition among the eastern
states, but the west to a man will un
doubtedly be with him on the irriga
An effort to have congress make ar
rigid investigation of the sugar-weighing
frauds, opposed by the attorney
general as hampering the prosecution,
and also of tho controversy between
Secretary Richard A. Ballinger, of the
interior department, and Chief For
ester Gifford Pinchot, will undoubt
ely come up at this session.
LOCKS SELF IN FIERY FURNACE
Moving-Picture Operator Takes Des
perate Chance to Avoid Panic
Los Angeles, Cal., Dec. 7. Joseph
Pierce, tho machine operator at the
Hermann moving-picture show, 4C0
South Spring street, made himself a
hero last night, when he closed the
steol and asbestos door of his den upon
himself and remained in a furnace of
exploding and burning films, whilo the
manager, E. L. Kennedy, calmed and
sent away the audience without panic.
Pierce, when he emerged from his
fiery ordeal, his hair and clathing
scorched and painful' burns upon his
hands, said he was at work when
something went wrong with tho wires.
In an instant the fire had communi
cated from the crossed wires to the
highly inflammablo films and the en
tire room was a mass of flames. The
rooms in which the moving pictures
are operated are surrounded with
walls, floors and ceiling of steel and
fixed with handy devices for closing
all openings. When the trouble with
the wires started, the fire extinguished
all the lights in the theater and the
red lights over the several exits were
Prince Miguel Is Sued,
Buda Pest, Dec. 7. According to
the newspapers, a syndicate of credi
tors has sued Princo Miguel of Brag
anza, who married Miss Anita Stew
art of New York last September, for
$1,000,000. Some years ago, a paper
says, Prince Miguel was in financial
straits and the syndicate advanced
him a largo sum, payable when he
should make a rich marriage. The
claim is so great that following nego
tiations that resulted in his marriago
to Miss Anita Stewart, the prince
promised to recoup tho syndicate with
one-fifth of the dowry.
Special Message Talked.
Washington, Dec. 7. President Taft
had an extended conferenco this after
noon with Attornoy-Gonoral Wicker
sham and Secretary Nagel, of tho de
partment of commerce and labor, re
garding tho special message he is pre
paring on tho proposed amendments to
tho interstate commerce law. This
mossage will bo sent to congress with
in ten days and will go into the de
tails of changes which tho president
believes aro needed to make the inter
state act more effective.
Pilot Takes All Blame. t
Philadelphia, Dec. 7, F. M. Luk
ber, pilot in charge of the United
States transport Prairie, which ground
ed Thursday near Delaware City, said
today that he alona was responsible
for the accident odd that Captain
Kellogg, comamnder of the Prairie, it
in no way to be blamed.