The Madras Pioneer MADRAS, CROOK COUNTY, OREGON. THURSDAY. MAY 28, 1908, -i HI NO. 41 y, 6, Hamilton CaplUl Stock, $50,000 Deposit, 5230,000 I'KOI' ItlKTOR DALLES. DERTAKINC SUPPLIES Minifs Ron I W u K M a a H H B MUH As; nDCorM In. . - HTORE & Spring nil IW .M MH N- MB..-. IMr(IM . "4. MOW UNDER NEW MANAGEMENT i l M L.n M r . i ii.niTnirTiiii rnnnvaicu. nu nciicr mn n in i ,n. iXeaon for the money, Your wants will be courteously jttcnJed to. Headquarters for traveling men. First-class Livery in Connection j. W. UVUNQSTON, Proprietor MADRAS, OKtiUON miiniiH Pres. F. T. llvMAvnr,'lc(i-Vn J. C.Fowmi:, CJshr, EASTERN OREGON BANKING COMPANY FOREIGN EXCHAHCE BOUGHT AND SOLD DRAFTS ON ALL PARTS OF THE WORLD t SHANIKO, OREGON t A, E. CROSBY n ' i m m w . w Curltf romp no Mnc of liriiK. Medicine, Chomlcnlt, Household Kcmclc, .mi am t f!.iiiBfi. in i uruA Nun iHiivirv tMmrmrtiimn. 1 mir nrrKf-riiuifiii It.l'.ilm.i, Wiul.Vt Until 'Plinilix U III1I.KMAI.K A N II 1117111.. OREGON LUMBER FOR SALE We have plenty of lumber for sale at our mill, located about 3 miles oapt of Grizzly' post office on county road. Prices right McMeekin & Eastwood HARNESS fully guaranteed Whips, Urldlcs, Halters, Lace Lcntlicr Neat Harness Repairing NEW LINt; OF DRESS & WORK SHOES B. S. LARK IN MADRAS, ORECON J. C. &" M. A. ROBINSON SUCCESSORS TO j. W. & M. A. ROBINSON & CO. ' GENERAL MERCHANTS MADRAS, - - OREGON and Summer Agents for Headers & binders SUB-SURFACE PACKERS HEAT TAKEN Nit AMOUNTS t'KOPESSIONAL CARDS, pnANK OSBORH U. S. COMMISSIONER Npnr Gropa ilotcj MADKAfl QI1KU0N 0, q. COLLVER NOTARY PUBLIC Jtt8tioo of tbo Ponco CULVKR I'KKOJNOT CULVER OREQON w. ir. BNOOK PHYSICIAN & SURGEON Olllcc iii Prutf Store. MApitAU OKKOON J H. HANER ABSTRACTER OF TITLES N OTA BY I'UUMC Flro iiwiirnnrc, r.lo Iniurnncc, Htircty JloniU ltenl l:tto, Cpiiroyanclng WUNKVIM.K, OBEOON fftty LUEDDEMANH NOTARY PUBLIC I'loncor Iliilldlng MADRAS OREGON NO. 3851 The First National Bank OF PRINEVILLE. OREGON II. F. ALPSH, I'ronltlcnt. . T. M. Baldwin, Caihler. Will WuKiymicn Vice I'roi. II, Bi.pin, Aut. Ctuliler. T ESTABLISHED 1008 OaIUI, Burjiliu nl ITtxlI vldcd $100,000.00 Troll U ELK DRUG STOR Carries a good ftne of fresh drugs and patents. Pre scription work and family recipes made a specialty T. A. LONG Physician and Druggist MADRAS, ORECON BAY PERCHERON STALLION Will mnUc tho ki'iisoii until .Inly 'JO, us liillow.s: Minims, Moniluy, TliuisdnvH anil Satiinliiys: Vi-nzlo it Ilrovns. TncoilnyH mid cunes iliiyrt. At iioniu rniicli Krldny. TKHMS: S5 sImkIu survlce; S10 hinison; $16 to liisitro. I PETER AlARNACH, Owner Are Selling RAPIDLY AND TRADE Prince Corbet Goods WHAT ABOUT SAL MON PROTECTION? Tliat the food finli of our Htato need better protection than la now afforded ia agreed. You Jiavo already or doubtless will re ceive considerable litcraturo on the sub ject, but no matter how attractive the argument, stop and consider how much it may bo colored by selMntercst. The United Stales Bur:iu of Fisheries are the greatest expert authorities on tho subject and have no nxc to grind. Head what they say: Department of.Coramcrce and Lalior Office of tbo Bocretary. Washington, D. 0. Hon. Charles W. Fulton, U. H, Senate, Washipgton. P. 0. Sir: The pepartment realizes the iifijiprtanco pf tho various questions af fecting tho salmon fishery in the Colum bia river brought up in your letter of the 18th ultimo, and has tajten this oppor? tunity to make a thorough investigation of the matter. There can bo no ques tipn that thp status pf the fishery is tin. satisfactory, apd that pnder existing conditions tho trend may be expected to be steadily downward, with the re sult that in a comparatively few years the run of salmon wijl bo reduced to such a degree that thousands of fisher men may be thrown out of employment and much capital rendered idle. The federal government la wjthout any jur isdiction whatever in tho premises, and the duty of conserving the salmon sup ply in the Columbia devplves on the states of Oregon, "Washington and Ida ho: but this department has been charged by Congress wjth the imjior tant fish-cultural operations in the Co lumbia basin, and has fe)t impelled from tijno to timo to direct attention to the necessity for giving adequate protection to the various species of salmon fre quenting that Btreain. The department is convinced that the run of salmon in the Columbia cap be amply maintained for an indefinite period jf artificial prop: ligation is supplemented by rational pro tection ; but artificial propagation alone cannot cope with the situation, and, aa a matter of fact, tho recent experience of the Department Ima shown that its beneficent labors are rondored almost futile by the failure of the states to ap preciate this fact. The department sees no reaeon for tho elimination of fish wheels from the river as there is no evidence to show that this form of apparatus is particularly de structive to salmon. A condition that is specially favorable for the passage of salmon namely, very high water ren ders tho wheels unserviceable and, on the other hand, periods of very low wa ter, when tho fish are much restricted in theii movements, are also unfavora ble for the wheels. During the nast two or three fceasons the catch of salmon bv wheels has been comparatively small; but even if it wore very large it would bo a fact of no special significance, in the present connection. vno ioiuiiiuiii river in, iiowcver, mane to yield a quantity of salmon far creator than regard for the future supply per mits, and tho drain is yearly becoming more perious. Xo one familiar with tho situation can fail to appreciate tho men ace to the perpetuity of the industry that is furnished by the concentration of a tre mendous amount of fixed and floating ap paratus ot capture in or near tlie mouth of the river. This apparatus comprises about 400 pound nets or traps, over 80 .a. . til! long-sweep seines, ami moro in raw gill nets, tho last having an aggregate approximate length of over 570 miles; and these appliances capturo moro than Do per cent of tho fish taken in tho Oro- gon and Washington waters of tho river, tho figures for 1004 being nearly 34,000, 000 pounds, or 08.7 per cent of the total yield. Under such conditions, it is self evident that but comparatively few llsh aro permitted to reach tho upper waters whc.ro the spawning grounds aro located, Tho details of the measures necessary to placo tho salmon industry of tho Co lumbia river on a permanent basis can not bo elaborated ly tho department at this time, but in general it may bo said that there should bo (1) a restriction on tho amount of apparatus employed in a given section; (!2i an adequate weekly closo season covering-possibly two days at first, but reduced later if circum stances warrant it; (8) an annual closo season, proferably at tho beginning of tlio salmon run, and (4) joint arrango inent between tho States, so that pro tective measures may bu harmonious. Respectfully yours, (Signed) OSOAH S. STRAUS Secrotary, 1)111 No. 318 embodies Government recommendations and should pass. It Is a square doflt for all. VOTE 818XYES Bill No. 833 Was framed, to foster tho solflah Interests of a siuglo locality, It is against tho Government recommen dations, and will mean a heavy tax on thp Stalo to carry out its provisions. It favors monopoly and is unfair. It should not pass. VOTE RAILROAD MAY BUILD DURING THIS YEAR Outlook Is Now More En couraging HARftlMAN IS RAISING FUNDS FOR EXTENSION $50,000,000 For Completion Of Ex tensions Ralso Tho Hopes Of Central Oregon. There js a well-grounded belief that the present year will witness the com mencemept of actual construction on a railroad into Central Oregon. The ex pression well-grounded'' iB psed advis edly, for there are unquestionably the most convincing reasons for believing that tho transportation problem of Cen tral Oregon is at last to be solved by the advent of a Iiarriman line, and possibly by the construction of one of the elec tric lines projected .to tap this territory. The present activity in Iiarriman rail road circles, however, is the most hope ful sign, for it appears to mean that the railroad King iB at last being ,forced to furnish transportation to tjiia section, by the threatened encroachments of his competitors. Tho announced plan of the Gould interests to extend tlieir "Western Pacific across Central Oregon and find a way into Portland ; the threatened inva sion of tliis territory by the Hill inter ests through the constructiop of a line dowp the Descfiutes, or through the as similation of one of the projected inde pendent lines into this section, which coujd easily be made a feeder for the fill North bank; rpad by bridging the Columbia at ono of several easy crqssings; the activity of the Mt. Hood electric road, these are .he obstacles tq any further delay in the Iiarriman plan's. The threatened invasion of his terri tory is doubtless the-eason for immedi ate haste in the maturing of the Iiarri man plans, but there is no doubt that Iiarriman has long intended to build the Central Oregon lipe, It is a generally accepted fact that construction work would have been Btarted last Fall J)Ut for tho condition of the money market. Following the visit of tho Kruttschnidt party, and later of , Iiarriman himself, work was being pushed on the survey of the Corvallis & Eastern extension, and that line would have been under con struction now but for tho unexpected and far-reaching financial panic. Whether that work is to be resumed, of whether some other of tho Iiarriman surveys will be followed, no definite in formation is available, but ono thing may oe put uown among ttio reasonably cortain things, and that is that during the present year tho Iiarriman exten sion into tcntnu Oregon will ne an nounced and construction will follow immediately. Tho Iiarriman interests must be taken into consideration when over the railroad situation is reviowed, and tho belief is growing that n Iiarri man line will be tho first built into this section. Of interest in this connection is the fact that tho Union Pacific, at Mr. Hnr- rhnan'a request, recently authorized the issuance of a hundred million dollars in bonds, half of which was to be expressly used in tho completion of proposed ex tensions. Regarding the expenditure to bo mado in Central Oregon out of that sum, a Portland paper df recont date says : Tho Oregon Eastern, which is to bo built under tho jurisdiction of the Ore gon Short Lino, with subsidiary lines to Lakoviow and Klamath Falls, and points irt northern California, will also bo among tho first construction projects started. There aro unmistakable signs that this action has been determined upon. Tho Oregon Eastern will cost in tho neighborhood of $10,000,000, and a branch to Klamath Falls will cost $2,000,000 more? There is also a lino surveyed north from this lino to Madras that will cost a similar sum. While tho completion of Mho Oregon Eastorn will givo direct access from Portland to tho Lako and Harnoy county rogions, it will also opou up tho whole of Central Ore gon's richest trade field to tho com merce of San Francisco. DRY FARM BILL IS" KILLED BY THE HOUSE A Washington dispatch says that tho bill to lncreu8u dry laud homesteads to 820 acreB, known as tho dry farm billj wftB killed in the House after a Bpirlted fight botweon tho advocates and oppo1 nentsof thpbil). T)i(o cajise of thp dp; feat of the meiiBiip jyaa flip pop-rcsj; denco provision, tho insertion pi wjijcij in tho bill had been insisted upop Senator" Smoot, and which arouHed op"; position on tho ground that it was in tho interest of the large cattlemen of the West. Tho dry farm bill had pasecd the Sen ate and been amended by the House so as to meet the requirements of the pub lic land committee, and it was upon consideration of the conference report on tho bill that the measure met defeat. The principal objection was the inser tion of Senator Smoot's amendment al lowing persopa to, purchase the enlarged homesteads without residing upon them. Senator Bmoot insisted upon this featj ure, and tho House would not stand fop it. An effort was made to send the bilj back to conference, but thq efforts werf, futilp, the report and bill being final defeated by a vote of 103 to 138. NEW ROADS ESTABLISHED - The following items taken from thjj report of the proceedings qf the County Court will be of interest to tho residents of this section: Thd viewers' report pn Fred Dayjs road was approved, Road declare q public highway and ordered opened. Clerk ordered to nptify road superyisop thereof and also of an agreement pf I. D. Iirown to build fencp. The viewers' report on the Frank GaU loway road was approyed. Road do clared a public highway and ordered opened. CJerk directed to notify rpad supervisor thereof. Viewers' report on M. Brown ant proved. Road declared a public highr way and ordered opened. in tne matter flf a county rqad hy B, . Gillet and ptljers. Petition approyejj, Viewers and suryeyors ordered to meet at beginning of road, view out and rer port on same. The viewers' report on the McTaggarl road was approved. The damages claimed was not allowed. Road declared a public highway and cVdered opeped, Clerk ordered to potify road supervisor thereof. County roads aro known by tho namo of the first signer on the petition. Thp Fred Dayis road isjhe new road south of Madras as changed between thisplaca and the Halm ranch. Tho Frank Gaf loway road is over in the Round Rutto district. The M. Braun road is a short road leading off to the West from thp top of Agency Plains grade, and-giving an outlet to settlers in that locality, The McTaggart road is the new road leading up Willow Creek and opening up a now route between this p)ace and La- monta. Tho Gillett road is tho pro posed change in ttie Prineville road pel ginning about bix miles south of tins place. " NELLIE BROCAN DEAD Died, at her homo near Antelope, on Friday, May 22, 190S, Nellie, tho daugb. terof Mr. and Mrs, Thomas Broca'n. ed IS years. Deceased had been in bad . health for moro titan a year past, and although cvervthjnc which love and so- Ikituiiu could prompt was dona for her, Death claimed her Friday eveing. Tho body was taken to Tho Dalles, whoro interment was hail in tho Catholic cem etery last Sunday afternoon. Deceased was a sister of Mrs. J. C. Robinson of this place, who left for Antelope Satur day upon receipt of tho sad news. Mr. Mind Mrg. Brogan and all tho members of their family have tlit deep sympathy of their friends in this, tlieir third t bereavement in tho past year. Two other daughters have been claimed by death in tho past 12 months, and their burden of sorrow is a heavy ono. - ' LOCATION OF FIRST WELL The Madras Oil &. Gas Company has definitely decided to sink its first well on the old Joo Taylor place near La monta, now owned by Oscar Cox, and tho machinery for drilling has been hauled there and is being sot up. The land upon which tho first well will bo drilled is located upon tho West side of Grizzly mountain, and tho decision to drill thero was mado after a careful in spection of all tho ground leased by tho company was mado by Mr. Ross, the. expert. The indications of oil ate sail! to bo very favorable at that point, mtin- orous "seepages" of oil having .been ob served there for years past. RICHARDSON-LEE Manied, at the residence of the bride's parents, on Sunday, May 24, 1908, Miss Alma B. Lee and Mr. Samuel Vance Richardson, ReV. 1, D, Brown officiating. About 50 invited guests' were present to witness the solemnization of the happy evertti and an elaborate dinner was served after the wedding ceremony. The bride Is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Jamei Lee, while the groom is a young ranclief owning a homestead near Madras, wherd lie and his bride will rcsidn.