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About The Madras pioneer. (Madras, Crook County, Or.) 1904-current | View Entire Issue (Jan. 3, 1907)
proposed Oregon Tax Law
P TT . tniin.)
.nil. Tims -" - " , nH
vitii i i ii iti n i tfi, nu
Mr nm tr comranlM,'
Sof (ho General Wh of
'flo5, bonnHl'0 uno hereby
f dock of notional banks
rfS j to the individual sharo
nlnco wl ore tl.o bank la
Kd St in tanking cap
Mn , i.. imsnc ations,
king ,: IlHfi(,saC(l
rTli 1.11 1 Band loan aaaocia
'"''Innnt.iofl.Or tO tl.oil
J,oririsV nu liv law nro
l.tl"?."nionB. or trust
Winn la- 1,m" " V i
rrp : r . .1 of war
H tho hour of 1 (Mock a.
.. . t.nnril nf (AT pnm
brwoil'iffl. .'.I piimtiuiiiiHtlnn
lmJ?Jr coi fcrrliiK "l" n It Kcnuralnu
fc?iBM?cV 2? II yMom of uxpi on
r.'L'Scmii'n I" thU to: provlilliit?
fetSff '". ""'IVI.. ., .V.. "A"
raSW mAlS owner,!
&iw a fVucfi hf.l IlKlit. power,
)pcraior ?',,- rnniiiiiii en nu limy lo
knit awl par") ,i, ii,. ,
I In more i ,
L'To roqu In certain nlfiilftvlt. Mntc
E'tnd wporw iiwlcr out , . fertincMvi
,i md rawri to iiiiuhiii. i--
f Srmaki,! the VliV5 t h.rnljfitho
ffltnl. vlll'lvi nu1 '--v r ' i
1. ..n.iAr ftniii iir i.l.iv. . ....., .....
r under with or otherwise, wioruimi
1' w 1 it...r..f .! .iimIHiii. III
I. Of any Jncrouer uiviviii, ...... ....-... ....
rotodo.ortlio kIvIiik ot lulso report
KriwiiK fh cdutlei piWi.
lit idU oincr mmnrii'ini ... .....
EroTWInK .or w.enl to tlio clrrnlt court
litiiltheniiiiiiicr ol (nltliiK, lietiflnt,, oml
V , ..,..1,11.1. 1..,. .1... itirtiM
BQ ruin BpiK ni mm u. ....... n ...v...-
kiliaiu uoaru irnm ih vuihihk ""J "
I . ..... i a.... ........ii . niiriinriillnli ll.i.
RaiSCFMnt'IH llll'iur nun "VI, .M.
loiauoii ui pui'ii jimji ini.iii muiiiiu ... ij.w-
MoiOr('Kun,ri)iiipiicii nun nnnoiiiiud ny
t ibailM II. ju-iiiiiKer nun iinniu n . oi-
Sndall acta anil parts of acta In conllict
Iwt enacted by the iwoplo of tho
f of Oregon:
an! created: Of whom cornpof'etl
tovcrnor ehall bo clmlrinan Seal.)
tinn 1 . Tlinrn Ik lihrnliv orpntfwl u
?mrt of tux cniiiiiilKHinnorH. lo bo
jjoseu of two pcwHiH apix)intc(l by
nvernor. Kocro arv ot Hlilo. and
etraar.r'r, lutini; jointly iih in thin
proviucil, ami their mieccworH, vno
Iboik leil in niiittcrn of taxation.
Ifhll not lio idciiiIkth of tins khiiio
tlbl purty, and who Hliall dovoto
r entire tnno to tlio norfhnrbincw of
i , . . . . .
aiiiics Herein imjxHoi, and tlio gov
r. fecremrv or nintn. and mnto trwiH
I, the la-t. three of whom Hball ox
lio w ineniborH of Haul board. Said
p .ball iK'rforin and lmvn ho lu-
Ilierciimfter upt'fitled, and tho f?ov-
Brimui no eiiiiinnan tlioreol. Bald
1 tliall ndont und iiKft im oflli'.liil
which chilli bo nrovidod bv tho
fetary of state
ipointment, lrnnd, and qualification
:ion 2. Tlio uovernnr. soorotnrv
ito and stnto trniHiirnr. nnt.liiir
illy, shall appoint and coinmiHsion
'iBuna iippoiiucd under tno jiroviH-
0' tllla net. (111(1 hnfnrn
tho disclmi-L'n nf hu ndlptnl A
8ueli upjiointoo Hball oxecuto a
rayablo to t ho Htnto nf f)rwm.
'epcnul Hum of iin.nnn win.
w wj nimrovftl hv tl
Nthful dlwlmnto of Iuh otltcial'du-
iuien appointeo Hliall tako and
'"ho an cwitli fnr tli.. f,,;iiif,ii .nu.
fgeor his dutirtt und niiw .M,.i.
fftU bo indnrHod nnnn l.lu (ll,.il
anil approved Hliall bo filed in
fm of tho secretary of BUtto.
J two nppolntivo moinbors a?)-
r u" "imiib enect or act.)
( ui mis act tlio governor,
l L , 8,at. a,ld HUlt0 trcnHiiror,
Jointly, shall appoint two perl
fHh'K tho qualineatlons r.o
"J tliia act, to -urvo im tho ap-
wS1?0'!110 boar1 holy
. . uio tirovlH OiiH in
i,of ofllco of appolntivo mom-
ft, V T1,10 n'ra of tho
ap o ,te, ,0ain,bj,,lI,l)intienfcBhiill
fJSl1 t0 , 1,1,1,1 "wlrollfcoH, ono
i h ; ' wwrciry or Btato and
to.r' ! .Jointly, Bhall
libera J. hi i 110 lim appolntivo
fS lm boar(l tohold hiaonieo
t year i 1 1 1,10 othor ono for
Pnbv n. i l"oroartor porsons
liW", m?,lU8 'no'nhora of
r wara b ut lmi.i m-
- - uiu LJitiir imii'ii lrii1
A ai. -
lit mv "ytUIng
Inber Wl Palutlng?"
f,' liowea it to him,
lona nrii uccnUB ho sn
tho term of four ycarB.
(Dutlca of board.)
Section 0. It Hhall bo tho duty of
t.no biiiu uoaru or auito tax commlaalon
1 . To have and oxerclHO ccnoral hu
perviHion of tho Hyutcin of taxation and
collection of public duca and rovonuca
thrptiKhout tlio Main.
2. To requiro that all aflHcaamentw of
property in tlila Btato bo made accord-
Inn to law.
II. To bco that all laxeH duo tho amto,
couniica and municipalities arc col
4. To prelcrlbo all formH of booka
and blanka uaod in tho .assessment and
collection of taxoH not othorwiBo pro
acribed by law, and to chango to forma
of blanlcH and booka prescribed by law
in cnao ciiango Hliall 1)0 necessary.
o. io consiruo uio mx and rovenuo
laws of tho atitto wlienovor renueatcd
by any ofllcor nctliiR under Biich laws, or
uy any intoreatod poreon, and to in
struct auch otllcorB with relation to
their duties with reforenco (o assess
ment anil taxation, and collection of
public duea and rovenuca.
0. To iaauo instructiona and direc
tions to tho county asscasora, county
uoarda or oiiualization, iwunty clerks,
and tax collectors tts to tho rules best
calculated to sccuro uniformity in tho
ayatom of assessment and collection of
luxes, and a full cn'sh valuation for iih
acHsmont and taxation of all property,
real mid personal, IjuikIuIo and intaiifri
bio, including francliiscs and special
franchises and to preacribo all blank
forms or reports for that purpose
7. For tho purpose of enabling the
lxwrd, any county assesnor, county
Iward of equalization, county clerk, or
tax collector to acquire and obtain all
liiioriiiaiion tn.'ic could in any manner
aid it or him in arriving at tho valua
tion of any franchlso or special fran
chiac, to cxamlno all lrooks and papers
of account, and to require nny person to
appear before said lioard, or any mem
ber tbercor, and to interrogate auch per
aon under oath or otherwise.
8. To boo Unit penalties arc enforced
when presccrlbed by any revenue law
of tho state for dlsobcdlcnco to its pro
visions, and to see that complaint ig
mado against persons or corporations
violating tho provisions of any tux or
revenue law of this state; and in tho
execution of theso powers and duties
tho wild board, and any member there
of, may call upon tho prosecuting at
torney or tho attorney general, who
shall institute and conduct prosecutions
for penalties and forfeitures, liabilities
and punlHhmcnta for violation of tho
laws of the stato in respect to tho
aasesanient and taxation of property, or
tho collection of public duca and rove
0. To tako chargo of and superin
tend tho enforcement of tho inheritance
tax laws, and to see that tho tuxes pro
vided therein aro collected.
10. To mako auch rules and regain
lions as the board ehall doom proper
to effectually carry out the purposes for
which tho board is constituted, and to
mako all necessary rules and regula
tions not iiiconHintcnt with law as tho
lxmrd may deem necessary with respect
to Its own meetings and procedure.
11. To report to tho legislature at
each regular session the total amount
of rovenuo collected in the stato for all
purposes, classifying as to purpopod
with tho sources thereof, tho proeeed-
iiiKS of tho board, and such other mat-
ters'of information concerning tho pub
lic rovenuca as may bo deemed of gene
12. To mako diligent investigation
and Inquiry concerning tho rovenuo
lawB of othor states and countries, so
far as tho Bamo aro mado known by
published reports or statistics, or can
bo ascertained by corrcapondenco with
tho oflicors thereof; and with tho aid of
information thus obtained, together
with experience with and tho observa
tion of our ovn laws, to recommend to
tlio legislaturo at each regular session
thorcof auch amendments, changes, or
modifications of our constitution or rov
enuo laws as Boom proper or necessary
to remedy Injustlco or irregularity in
taxation, or to faellltato tho assessment
and collection of public revenues.
13. To Beo that each county in Uio
stato 1)0 visited by at least ono member
of tho board as often as onco each year,
to tlio end that any propor asaistanco
and advice bo given to tho ollicera en-.
tamed in tho nsseivshient and collection
of taxes, that complaint concerning the
law may bo heard, and that informa
tion concerning Ha workings may bo
collected, that all rovenuo oflicors com
ply with tho law, and all violations
thereof bo punished, and that all pro
por suggestions us to amendments may
14. To requiro from any state, coun
ty or municipal otllcer, whoso duties
pertain to tho assessment, apportion
ment, lovy, or collection of tuxes and
jiubllo dues or rovonues, or tlio dis
bursement of public revenues, roports,
and statements, as to any matter doom
ed material and relovant, in snob form
as may bo proscribed.
IB. To mako an annual nssesHinenr,
upon an assessment roll to bo prepared
by said board, of tho property having
iv situs, in this Btato, as hereinafter do-
llnod, of all railroad companies, union
station, and depot companies, electric
and street railway companies, and of
Biich heat, light, powor, water, gas,
and olcctrlo companies as may bo doing
business us ono system, partly within
this Btato, and partly without, or so
doing business in moro than ono county
of tho state.
(Torm "Proporty" defined Property
not nBsesaablo by board.)
Section 0. Tho term property, as
used in this act, shall bo doomod to ig
cludo all proporty, real and personal,
subject to assessment for luxation un
der this act belonging to tho corpora
tion, or hold by it as occupant, leasee,
or ofhcrwlao, and shall include tho
rights of way, roadbed, cars, rolling
stock, tracka, wagons, horses, office
furniture, telegraph, tolophono, and
transmission polea, wires, conduits,
switchboards, machinery, appliances,
appurtenances, and all other property
of a liko or different kind, uaod in the
carrying on of tho bualneas of eald cor
poration, and owned, leaacd, or oper
ated by them respectively and all other
real and personal property, and all
franchisea and special franchises; Pro
vided, however, that this definition
Bhall not lncludo, apply to, or subject
to assessment for taxation by said
board such real estate as Is owned and
can bo conveyed by Bitch corporation
tinder tho laws of this Bluto, and which
Is not actually occupied in tho exercise
of its franchlso, or In tiao in tho opera
tion of their corporato bualneas, nor to
tho car and machino Bhopa, grain olo
vators, grain warehouses, docks, bridg
es across tho boundary rivers ot tlio
state or to tho Willamette river, the
water craft of any corporation, nor to
tho real and personal property of such
corporation devoted to navigation ; but
such car and machine shops, grain elo
vators and grain warehouses, docks
and bridges, water craft, and property
devoted to navigation ao excepted, shall
bo liable to assessment for taxation lrf
tho samo manner as other property in
the stutc, by tlio Boveral county assess
(Term "Property Having Situs in Thia
Section 7. Tho term property hav
v.K a situs in this Btato shall lncludo
uli property, rail and personal, of tho
corporations Included In this act,
owned, leased, used, operated, or occu
pied by them, and also auch proportion
of tho rolling Block, cars, and other
personal property of a liko or different
kind, as is used partly within and part
ly without tlio Btute, as herein provided
to bo determined.
(Kcporta required of corporations
Section 8. Tlio several corporations
enumerated In this act, doing business
in thia state, aro hereby required an
nually, between the first day of April
and Uio fifteenth day of May, to mako
and filo with Uio said board of stato tax
commiHSloncrs, in such form as said
board may provido, upon blanks to bo
furnished by said board, a statement,
under oath of their president, secretary,
treasurer, superintendent, or chief offi
cer of such company, covering a period
of at least ono year, and not oxeceding
fivo years, as may Iks required by such
board, containing tho following facts:
1. Tho name of tho company; tho
nature of tho company, and under tho
laws of what stato or country it ia or
ganized ; tho location of its principal
office; tlio name and postoflico address
of its president, secretary, auditor,
treasurer, superintendent, and general
manager; the name and postoflico ad
dress of tho chief officer or managing
agent or attorney in fact in Oregon.
. The number of shares of capital
JJ. Tho par value and market value,
or if thero bo no market value, Uio act
ual value of tho shares of stock on Uie
first day of March at tho hour of 1
o'clock a. m. for Uio year in which Uio
report is mado.
4. Tho bonds and other corporate ob
ligations of tho company.
5. The par value and market valuo.
or actual valno if there bo no market
valuo, of the bonds or othor obligations
of tho company on tho first day of
March at tho hour of 1 o'clock a. m. of
tho year in which the roport is made.
fl. A detailed statement of tho real
proporty owned by tho corporation in
Oregon, whero situated, and Uio valuo
thereof, if required by the board.
7. If required by tho said board, a
detailed statement of the personal prop
erty, including monoys and credits
owned by tho company in Oregon on
tho first day of March lit tho hour of 1
o'clock a. in. of tho year in which tho
report is mnde, whore situated, and tlio
8. If required by tho board, tho total
valuo of tho real estato owned by Uio
company situated outside Uio state.
0. If required by tho board, a full
and complete statement of tho cost and
actual present valuo of all buildings of
every description owned by Bald com
pany within tho stato not oUierwiso as
10. If required by tho board, tho
total valuo of tho personal proporty of
tho company situated outsldo of Oregon.
11. 'Uio total length of Uio company's
Hues, and tho length of so much of Its
lines as Is within or Is without Orciron.
which lhios Bhall lncludo that which
Bald company controls or uses as
owner, loaco, or othorwlae.
Coriiorute n recti.
Elevator Boy Tytc-l'hlst & Co. havo
raised yor pay a cent an hour, havo
Ofllco Boy Yes. but I havo to work
longer hours. Old Tyto-Phlst Iibb chans-
cd tlio regulator of tho clock bo It runs
lowor. Clilcaco Tribune.
Cnn for tlm Intoxicated.
In Sweden n eopnrato car must bo
provldod on suburban night trahiB out
of Stockholm for tho accommodation of
NEWS OF THE WEEK
In a Condensed Form for Onr
HAPPENINGS OF TWO CONTINENTS
(To bo continued next week)
Undo Allen. v
"Thev sar tho Tirlco of looking rliwtp
In coin? un." said Uncle Alien Snnrkn.
"That looks to tno liko a 'cct-rlch nulrk.
silver' scheme on tho part of the manufacturers."
"Dg you think I would look well in
nu automobllo coat?"
"Indeed I do."
"But don't they entirely hide one's
"Sure." IIo,u8toa Pot
A Resume of the Less Important but
Not Less Interesting Event
of tho Past Week.
Bryan has tacitly admitted hia candi
dacy for prcaidont.
Yaqui Indiana have killed eight
Mexicans in Sonora.
Spokano favors tlio A laska-Yukon-Pacific
exposition ut Seattle.
Harriman'a criticism of Itoosovelt is
said to have caused tho merger inquiry.
Heavy snow storms throughout Austria-Hungary
havo resulted in several
Tho bishop of Madrid has offered an
osylum to all sick or aged French
Firemen on tho Big Four railroaud
will receive an increase in pay after
A blizzard in Great Britain baa
blockaded trains in many places and
rural villages are temporarily cut off
A grand nephew of tho Pullman car
magnato baa been found in the New
York tenement district poor and hun
gry. Ho is heir to a fortune.
At tho G7lh annual meeting of tho
American Association for the Advance
ment of Science, held at Washington,
it was learned tliat Itockefeller is too
poor to afford oysters.
Figures on tho business transacted at
tho Unionn stock yards, Chicago, show
tho valuation of tho livestock handled
to bo tho largeat on record. The re
ccinta for the vcar were elichtlv in ex
cess of 10,000,000 head valued at $314,-
India will demand home rule of Great
China will appcul to tho world for
aid to the famine sufferers.
The Southern Pacific declares the
strike of its firemen has been broken.
Japaneso in America clarmor for Ad
mirla Togo to command tho squadron
sent to this country.
District Attorney Jeromo, of New
York, wants to inquire into the recent
election of insurance othcers.
The Interstate Commerce commission
continues to receive many protests from
tho Northwest on account of shortage of
Sidney Sloane, the Spokano loy who
shot hia father, has been sent to the
penitentiary for an indefinite time as
The attorney general of Minnesota
has sued for an injunction to prevent
tho issue of $00,000,000 of new stock
by the Hill roads.
An earthquake lias destroyed half of
Arieu and Iquique, Chile. Many other
towns in tho vicinity luivo Buffered
moro or less severely.
Tho coroner investigating the colli
sion of a switch engino and passenger
train at Knderlin, N. D., has found tho
engine of tho passenger did not carry u
Butter Fancy creamery, 32rf35c.
Eggs Oregon ranch, 35c per "dozen.
Poultry Averago old hens, 10llc
per pound; mixed chickens, 10llc;
spring, 10llc; old roosters, 9llc;
dressed chickens, 12 13c; turkeys,
live, 17 18c; turkeys, dressed,
choice, 2022c; geese, live, 1213c;
Fruits Apples, common to choice,
o075e per box; choice to fancy, 1
2.60; pears, $1 1.60; cranberries,
$11.5012.50 per barrel; persimmons,
$1.60 per box.
' uuii)f l JJvr
sack; carrots, 00c$l per sack; beets,
t iuisi.Du pur nick; norsenuusn, u
10c per pound; sweet potatoes, 2J
2c per pound; cabbage, lHljc
nnr nnniid- inti11flrttvni. i ok
on; celery, ?44.25 per crato; lettuce,
nor iln7.nn runrmL-ina 1 Xt ..Ti.
spinuch, 45c por pound; squash 1
W-V1 1 111
Onions Orecon. 75er7rii rwr linn-
Potatoes Oregon Burbanks, fancy,
fl1.10; common, 7585e.
WllPllfc Clllll ItKrtltn. Klo.
0708o; valloy, 0fl07o; red, G3c.
Oats No. 1 white, $252G; gray,
$24.5025. . "
Bnrlov Fond. S'Moi
brewing, $22.50; rolled, $22.5024.
ivvo Hi .4IHIIU .an nni owt.
Com Wholo. $20: cracks! . 497 rvnr
I lay Valloy timothy, No. 1, $11
12 per ton; Eastern Oregon timothy,
&14fnllft nlnvoTV 7a. t in ca
ao r.n . . !.. i Am ' . . . . I
any, f .oui2)b,ou; alfalfa,
$11.50; votchhay, $77.60.
v wu uresseu, otajHo per pound.
Beef Dressed hulls. io
pound; cows, 4 5c; country steers,
Mutton Drossnd. funiw oann
pound; ordinary, 07o.
i-orK urosaoti, o(a)8o por pound.
wo: l has torn Oregon avorago boat,
13 18o, according to shrlnkago; val
loy, 2028o, accortllngtoflnonesa; mo
hair, cholco, 2G28o.
Iitme nnd I'lant Knoda,
r.lmn enters Into tho cotrJposltlon
all plants, but its valuo depends more
imnn Ih fnndnnpv to hasten chemical
action In the soil rather than upon lto
use as food for plants, and whether tne
soli la light or heavy, sterile or fertile,
there is some change introduced by
lime when applied to the land, its ten
dency Is to work downward, for which
lr Im ndrnntfltreous to apply a
small quantity each year after the first
application, beginning witn twenty
bushels per acre on light soils and
thirty bushels on heavy land; but even
tun linalifdH will HllOW SOU1C TCSUltS, 118
lime fits the soil for the presence of
micro-organisms which pcrrorm an im
portant function when providing plant
tnni nn nlkflllnn condition of tllC BOll
being sometimes necessary, especially
for clover. As carbonic acid is mrgeiy
generated by the decomposition of veg
etable matter In the soil, the applica
tinn nf llmr? creates many changes
f.!irmiiiv. in which other mineral and
organic substances are broken up In
. . .... . i..i,i
their combinations, renueraiK buiuu
many Inert materials that could not be
employed as plant food, but which ex
ist In the soli abundantly. While lime
is not, therefore, a necessary adjunct
to the soil with other fertilizers, ana
elves hut little benefit to the crop It
self, yet its Indirect action unlocks
stores of materials, and supplies the
crops with available fertilizers. xn
action of lime In the soil Is nearly al
wnvs honoflelnl. nnd farmers who have
used lime seldom discard It It gives
the best results on soils that contain
larce nronortlons of vegetable matter,
and It releases stores of plant foods for
the use of crops.
Farmer and roultrr Fancier.
The farmer has a real grievance
against the poultry -fancier. In that he
has done all of his crossing and In
breeding of fathers, daughters, uncles
and aunts without any regard to prac
tical utility, says Farming. Whether
tho hens from which he has been breed
ing were producing sixty eggs a year
or 200 made no difference. Ills whole
aim has been to breed out a foul flight
feather or two, or to a create a better
comb, or eyes of a better tint, at a
sacrifice of everything else. The result
is that when a farmer goes Into the
market to buy thoroughbreds with his
money In his pocket, ready and willing
to pay for the best stock, he not only
often pays for qualities he does not
need, but actually pays a premium for
something that has been obtained at a
sacrifice of the very qualities which he
does need. There are a few men, how
ever, raising thoroughbred stock that Is
"bred to lay," or to meet certain mar
ket demands, and those are the men
that should be patronized.
A Corn Snctrer Teat.
Experiments conducted by the Ne
braska experiment station furnish In
foresting data relative to the tendency
of corn to sucker. It was found that
where there was but one stalk to the
hill there were fifteen suckers July 12
in every 100 hills and 105 on Oct 1.
With three stalks In the hill there were
SO on the former date out of the same
number of hills and 45 at the latter
date. With five stalks there were 57
suckers at the time of first Inspection
nnd only three out of 100 hills In Octo
ber. Where the stand of corn was
light. It was found that the yield was
Increased 17 bushels per acre on suck
New Wheat l'opulnr In Vet.
The exports of Durum or macaroni
wheat amounted to nearly 10,000,000
bushels last year. A great part of
this wheat went to ports In France
and Italy, to be used for tho manu
facture of macaroni. The millers of
tho United States aro gradually learn
ing to combine this wheat with other
grades In the manufacture of flour.
The wheat Is very hard and cannot bo
ground with ordlnnry mill machinery,
but It Is claimed to mako a very uu
trlttous nnd excellent Hour.
Great caro is exercised In producing
tho famous Cotentln butter of Norman
dy, which sells In Paris nt $1.23 per
pound. Tho cows nro brushed and kept
very clean, tho udders washed and
dried, and the attendants and milker
Keep inemscives clean. Tho milk
doubly strained and tho churning
i-uiiuuciuu on uio nest principles. No
ouors aro allowed to mmn i
with tho milk at any time, nnd oven tho
food and water of tho cows aro care
Lamil for I'nature.
It is not economical to nttempt to
grow a pasturo crop on land that con
tains weeds or crab grass. The com
mou practice of sowing grass seed on
wheat or o;t stubhlo should bo avoid
ed unless tho grain crop has been pre
ceded by some crop that has been hoed
or which requires frequent cultivation'
tho foreign seeds being destroyed by
Keepln the Cider Svree.
The keeping of cider as sweet as pos
sible represents .another Important task
In connection with this product Sassa
fras bark, or ground cinnamon, nro
among tho preservatives most used in
rural homes. In cities tho tasto Is oft
en spoiled by too much preservatives.
Left to Itself, sweet cider soon becomes
hard. Hard cider Is Intoxicating, and,
on account of the difficulty in determin
ing Just when alcohol begins to enter
Into sweet cider many temperance peo
ple are Inclined to put tho ban on all
Vinegar Is obtained by placing bar
rels of elder in the sun or in a warm
cellar. The bungholes of the barrels
are always left open. Mother of vine
gar Is put into each barrel In small
quantities, and helps in the transforma
tion of elder to vinegar. A very largo
per cent of the cider that comes from
the present-day cider mill Is eventually
turned Into vinegar.
It Is a fact not appreciated by every
one that the quality of elder, and the
other products of the cider as well, is
dependent upon the kind of apples that
are used. Those people who insist on
using the scrubs of the orchard for
cider cannot expect the best results.
In some states apples are grown espe
cially for cider. A ripe apple and ono
that Is particularly full of Juice will
make better cider, better Jelly and bet
ter apple butter than ones that do not
possess these qualities. Among the
common varieties of apples the Bald
win Is much desired for the cider milL
Vmcm ot the Mulberry
The mulberry has not been put to
many uses, and has not been as ex
tensively used as Its merits Indicate.
The fruit of the best varieties Is very
good when eaten fresh. Some of the
varieties ripen their fruit over a period
of several months, which Is not true of
any Qther fruit It can also be used
for pies and Jellies, and those who
have used them say that they are quite
good, says a bulletin by the North Car
olina station. The tree Is a rapid grow
er and makes a splendid shade tree, es
pecially around stables and stock 3-ards.
No better fruit Is krtown for swine
and chickens than the mulberry. Some
trees produce as high as tenor twelve
bushels of fruit, and during the longr
fruiting period pigs and chickens need
little other food. They also grow well
In hog pastures and chicken yards, and
give excellent shade. They serve an
excellent purpose near cherry trees and
on strawberry plantations In attracting
birds away from these fruits. As long;
as there are ripe mulberries close at
hand, the other fruit will suffer very
little from birds.
Getting Down to IInMlnen Dnlrylnur.
The first Dairy Test Association in
New England was organized a few days
ago at Durham, N. II., under direction
of the Experiment Station workers.
The membership Is mnde up of pro
gressive dairy farmers. The object is
to co-operate in getting records which
show the quality of milk in the vnrlous
herds and the cost of feeding. The as
sociation will engage an agent to do
the testing and each member will pay
his part of the expense. The plan has
been found to work successfully In
other parts of the country and enabled
dairymen to find out Just what their
herds are doing and what changes are
needed. The experiment stations of
New Hampshire, Vermont and Maine,
It Is understood, will encourage the
formation of these associations In ail
The Aaparajrn I'ctt.
Kindly insects help in the destruc
tion of the asparagus pest The lady
bug, some snake feeders, or dragon
files, and wasps and the splned and
bordered soldier bug all these eat the
larvae of this beetle. Ducks and chlck
eus are fond of them. Air slacked
lime dusted on the dew wet leaves
destroys the pest, or the ends of tho
branches where they congregate may
be cut nnd burned. The same reme
dies hold good for the spotted beetle,
but his favorite place of hiding Is In
the berry, so these should be cut and
burned as fast as they form.
Vnlne ot Sheep air ailenner.
Turn sheep almost anywhere on tho
farm, In tho stubble field, tho corn
Held, around tho buildings, in the cnr.
den after everything has been linr-vr.
ed, anywhero else that there aro weeds
or reed of any kind that will be wast
ed if they do not eat It Tlio Kiiwn
will not only mako satisfactory gains,
and return a good profit on tho monoy
Invested, but they will ndd greatly to
tho appearance of tho phtco nnd de
crease materially the weed crop an
other year. Sheen will eat wnt ami
clean up rough feed that no other
stock will, and feeder sheep make very
Where Karmera I.oae Mimer.
Tho aggregato valuo of tho manuro
annually produced In this country runs
in tne minions. Tho nvorago farmer,
however Is absolutely wasteful In hia
euro of It, neglecting even the simplest
precautions for preserving Its fertlllss
Ing qualities, says Farming. In
many cases tho liquid manure Is often
nlmost a total loss, and tho solid part
unit remains tins been so tliorou'hiv
lenehed out by frequent rnlnstormH.
and by exposure to thu weather that
as value is almost entirely gone.