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About The Madras pioneer. (Madras, Crook County, Or.) 1904-current | View Entire Issue (Nov. 23, 1905)
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IELL ADULTERATED SEED,
Agricultural Department Blacklists a
Long List or Dealers.
Washington, Nov. 14. While the air
in full of talk about graft, Secretary
Wilson, of the dopartment of Agricul
ture, is going ahead quietly puncturing
one form of graft that is iinpood upon
the farmers of the country that oper
ated by the fraudulent seed men. Tin
dor a special act of congress Mr. Wil
son's dopartment makes an examina
tion and analysis of seed sent in by
farmers who aro suspicious that dealers
aro soiling them adulterated goods. As
result of Investigations recently
mado, the Agricultural department has
issued a warning to farmers against
buying red clover or alfalfa seed from
number o( dealers who have been
found disposing of adulterated sood.
The dealers named on tlio 'let aro:
W. W. Hawson A Co., Boston; Rons
Bros., Worccstor Mass.; W. II. Small
& Co., Evansvillo, Ind. Tho W. E.
Barrett Company, rrovldonco, It, 1. 5
Bartoldos A Co., Donvor, Colo; Cross-
man uros., itocncsior, ss. x.; w.i.
Dallwlg, Mllwnukeo; J. A. Everett,
IndlnnapollB; James Gregory A Son,
Marblohcad, Mass.; W. Crossman, IV
lorsburg, Va.j Hiimilton Bros., Cedar
Knpids, ia.: Huntington & Paige, In-
dhinapolis; Jacob F. Kirchnor, Pitts,
field, Mass.; McMillan Seed Company,
Atlanta, Oft.; Ii. iv. Martin, Halem,
III.; L. L. May A Son, St. Paul,
Minn; National Seed Company, Louis
vlllo, Ky.; Tho Frank S. Piatt Co.,
Now Haven: Rush Park Seed Com
pany, Independence, Ia.; Steckler Seed
Company, Now Orleans, and Young A
Halstead, Troy, N. Y.
Tho names of theso dealers aro pub
licly posted by tho dopartment, in
reality they aro blacklisted. This noto
is a warning to farmers who aro in tho
market for red clovor or alfalfa need.
ITS WORK A FIA8CO.
Committee on Public Printing Does
Not Fix Blame for Waste.
Washington, Nov. 14. Judging by
results so far obtained by tho "joint
commlttoe on printing," tho public
printing graft is not going to bo checked
by congress this winter, as President
Iloosovelt had hoped. After giving
hearings to officials of the government
printing office, officials in chargo of
senate and house documents and som'o
of tho men in chargo of publications in
the various departments, tho committee
arrives at the conclusion that thcro has
been waste. It is not ablo to analyzo
tho wastu; it is not ablo to point out
tho manner in which tho waste can bo
chocked; it Is not ablo to fix tho re
sponsibility. In short, the committee
has brought to light nothing new. Ana
now it has taken an indefinite recess.
But this class of investigation is typ
ical. It is about as effective as the
averago congrerBional inquiry. It is
parallel to tho inquiry held in the laBt
congress for tho purpose of clearing
senators and representatives of charges
mado against thorn In tho famous liris
tow postal roport.
NO BILL, SAYS BURTON.
Congressional Appropriations Must Be
Kept at Lowest Figure.
Washington, Nov. 14. Tho Post
tomorrow will say:
No genoral river and harbor bill will
bo passed by congress at tho approach
ing session. This forecast was mado by
Representative Burton, of Ohio, chair
man of tho river and harbor committee,
before ho left Washington for Hot
Springs, Va., for a short vacation.
There are two cogent reasons for not
ensctincr such legislation next winter,
according to Representative Burton
first, because a largo bill passou isbi
session carried appropriations for all
projects deserving of immediato atten
tion from congress; second, tho neces
sity of holding down appropriations to
tho lowsot flguro to provont, if possible,
annthor deficit In tho treasury.
Boycott Is a Bugaboo.
Washington, Nov. 14. "Tho Chi
nese boycott on American goods cer
tainly cannot be carried to tho oxtont
of seriously affecting our commerce in
tho Orlont," d clarod Charles Donby,
tho now chief olerk In tho State depart
ment, today. Ho recently completed
a20.yoar official residence In China,
and has arrived in Washington to as
sumo his new duties. "When I left
Pokin last Marh, thoro was no apparent
dlsBatisfactlon over tho exclusion law,
and thoro was no talk of a boyott,"
Strikers Call to Arms.
St. Petersburg, Nov. 14. Tho strlko
leaders, after a conference which lasted
until 1 o'clock this morning, drafted an
appeal calling on all citizens to arm in
defense of thoi homos and famllio?.
Tho delegates to tho union of unions
decided to again stop all traffic bo
tvvoen Warsaw and Bt. Petersburg, and
orders to that offect woro lssuod, All
workmen have been commanded to
work not more than eight hours a day
beginging this morning.
Buy Mountain of Iron.
El Paso, Tex., Nov. 14. Nows has
come from Mexico tmt tho United
Btatoa Steel company has purchased tho
famous Solid Iron mountain, tho rich
est of its kind in the world, at Du-raago,
Measures President Will Recom
mend to Congress,
RATE QUESTION FIRST ON LIST
Will Be the Longest and Most Re
markable of President Roose
velt's State Papers.
Washington, Nov. 14. Tho nroofa of
tho messago that Presldont Roosevelt
will send to congress on tho first Mon
day In December aro now in his hands
for final revision. It is said by those
members of 'lis cabinet who havo heard
portions of it read that it will bo the
longest and most remarkablo document
that has been written by President
Roosevelt. Among other topics that
have bcon treated In a striking manner
aro tho following:
Correction of the rebate evil and tho
regulation of railroad rates.
Tolling what has been done toward
building the Panama canal and advo
cating legislation that will expedite tho
Urging tho reorganization of the dip
lomatic and consular service.
Advocating moderation in Chinese
Suggesting methods for cementing up
tho cracks in tho immigration laws.
Recommending administrative re
forms in governmental departments and
the adoption of business methods in
operating tho government.
Urging tho ratification of tho Santo
Recommending better tariff relationa
with the Philippines and Porto Rico.
Explaining tho government's right to
inquire into corporations engaged in
Pointing to the benefits of a greater
Preservation of Niagara Falls from
tho encroachments of c-mmerco.
Statehood for territories.
Federal supervision of insurance
companies greatly desired.
Other topics touched upon are:
Treaty of Portsmouth, trade in the
Orient, treasury deficiencies, public
lands, forest reservations, rights of la
in) r, Venezuela and economy in govern-,
AGAINST THfc RAILROADS. :
Washington Stato Commission Up
holds All Complaints.
Colfax, Wash., Nov. 14. "Found
guilty as charged on each count of tho
indictment." This is the verdict of
llin State Railroad commission rendered
yesterday evening in tho State Railroad
commission vs. tho O. it. & r. Lo.,
the Great Northern Railroad company
and the Northern Pacific Railroad com
pany. Shipments from Puget sound for
points on tho O. R. A N. In Eastern
Washington must not bo routed via
Pnrtlnnd unlpHS renneated bv tho ship
per. Coal rates from Roslyn to points
" . . w- .1.1
on tlio U. K. fi. in eastern waauing
(on must bo lowored to that existing
before the cancellation of tho joint
rales January 1, 1902, and joint rates
must )o re-established between all the
railroads of Washington. In fact, the
railroads havo lost evbry point, and-tho
commission has arbitrarily announced
its intent to fix tho rates to favor Puget
sound at tho expense of Portland.
Tho O. R. A N. Co., by its attorney,
James Wilson, announced just before
adjournment of tho commission, after
all tho testimony had been taken, that
it would grant a rate of $2.55 on Ros
lyn coal from Wallula to Colfax, mak
ing tho total rate on both roads of
$4.45, thus placing Roslyn coal on an
equal basis with Wyoming coal.
CommIfaIoner McMillan asked if the
O. R. A N. and Northern Pacific would
make tho samo rate on Roslyn coal to
Colfax that tho Northern Pacific makes
to Garfield an! Pullman. Mr. Wihjon
stated ho haB no authority to make such
Concessions to Peasants,
flf pnrBluircr. Nov. 14. Tho gov
ernment has decided to make an appeal
tn iun r.nmiiiq. With the workmon
of tho cities completely estranged and
Liborals refusing to aid tnoautnoriuea,
Itinvu la until intr loft but to turn to tllO
peasants, and tho emperor has approved
a ukaBO informing them that measures
for tho amelioration of tbetr condition
will rnpntvn Immediate consideration.
Tho discontent of the peasants and the
danger of tho spread oi mo agrunuu
mnvpmont larcolv contributed to tho
T.nnn. In Finland Mutiny.
p I P.- '
14 A revolt broke
out jeaterday in tho garrison of Svea-
i m iitui hii o r i Tin mini iinnui u taiv
they havo boon retained with tho colore
from two to threo years beyond the
legal period of their eervico, and also
complain of thoir conditions of life.
The mutmoors reunion iu uuuj
ii i ii... oivlliunn from tho pro-
clncts of tho fortress and in eovoral of
tho barrackH throw bedB, chairs and
kitchen apparatus out of tho windows,
nauMnc a Dead Scheme.
Mexico City, Nov. 14. -The Mexican
i.i 1.1. o Dfnru nlnimlna it 1188
Information that tho govornmontB of
n t ii.li.l.. o.wl .Tnnnn have niactical-
y decided to construct a ship canal ol
their own across Nicaragua, practically
on tho lines of tho plan rejected by tho
American government, Great Britain
to furniah the capital and Japan tho
BLOW AT IRRIGATION.
Hitchcock Refuses to Approve Pro
jects In the Northwest.
Washington, Nov. 13. Following
closo upon Secretary Taft's refnsal to
recommend an appropriation for con
tinuing tho improvement of tho mouth
of tho Columbia river comes Secretary
Hitchcock's refusal to approve the
Umatilla irrigation project in Oregon,
and tho Okanogan and Tictan projects,
in Washington, all of which iiave been
pronounced feasible by the reclamation
engineers, and all of which were ro
cently submitted to Mr. Hitchcock for
his approval. Lack of funds is given
as his reason for turning down all three
Mr. Hitchcock finds that he has al
lotted all the money in the reclamation
fund and about $8,000,000 in excess.
He concludes that it is time to check
these allotments, and is determined to
accumulate a surplus before more work
Is undertaken. He therefore intends
to hold back on new projects until July
1, at which time, it is estimated, there
will bo a surplus on hand of about 3,
000,000. Mr. Hitchcock finds nothing
wrong witli the engineering features of
theso projects, but he is entering upon
a now policy of distributing money out
of the reclamation fund, and his reform
is put in forco just at the tune when
Oregon and Washington were in line
Another thing that develops in con
nection with tho refusal to approve tbe
Umatilla, Okanogan and Tietan projects
is the determination of the secretary to
hereafter confine allotments.of reclama
tion funds to 51 per cent of the amount
contributed by tho various states and
territories. It is unfortunate for Ore
gon and Washington that this rule is
adoptod at this late day, but, if it be'
lived up to strictly, tbe secretary
should at once expend $2,500,000 in
Oregon and moro than $1,500,000 in
Washington. As a matter of fact, not
a dollar of the reclamation fund has
been expended on any irrigation work
in Washington, and tbe only benefit
Oregon seems likely to receive for somo
time Ib her share of the $1,000,000
which has been set aBldo for Klamath.
ONLY HERRICK IS BEATEN.
Republicans Carry Most of Ohio Elec
tion Legislature Doubtful.
Columbus, O., Nov. 13. Today'B
developments have cleared up the post
election situation in'Ohio considerably.
Practically complete returns on tho en
tire state ticket show that all tbe Re
publican candidates except for governor
have been elected by substantial plu
ralities. The figures given out by
Chairman Dick, of tho Republican
State committee, show a range from
27,000 plurality on lieutenant governor
to 30,000 on state treasurer. Leads
Houck, Democratic candidate for lieu
tenant governor, before leaving for his
homo at Mount Vernon tonight, ad
mitted his defeat. Chairman Garber,
of tho Democratic Stato committee,
wob expected to givo out a statement
tonight, but did not.
Both parties continue to claim a ma
jority in both branches of the legis
laturo. The majority in either branch
will bo email, possibly not more than
two or three for the party that controls
LET ROOT MANAGE BIG CANAL.
Plan to Relieve Taft of Panama Mat
ters Again Discussed.
Washington, Nov. 18. An echo of
the suggestion that tbe Isthmian canal
should be placed under the btate da
partment has been heard in a rumor of
tho possibility that tho Insular bureau,
which grew up under the direction of
Secretary Root when he was at the
head of tho War department, may be
transferred to the State department
The discussion of the matter has not
taken any concrete form, but it is one
of the suggestions made to relieve the
secretary of war of heavy responBibili
ties which now rest upon him in ad
ministering not only tho affairs of the
army, but tho Philippines, tho Panama
canal and other island interests.
It would tako legislation to bring
about tho change, as the Insular bureau
was legislated Into the War depart
ment when tho Philippine government
act was passed.
Extra Session In Pennsylvania.
Harriaburg, Pa., Nov. IS. Governor
Peqnyacker iBaued a reclamation today
calling an extra session oi tno leglsia
turo for January 15 to consider reform
lecielation. Bills to enable contiguous
cities in the same counties to be united
into one municipality; to reapportion
tho state into senatorial and represent
ativo districts; to provide for tho per
eonal registration of voters, and tor tbe
government of cities first class, and the
proper distribution of the power exer
ciaod by such municipalities aro to bo
considered at tho extra session.
Witte Threatens to Resign
nhIruto. Nov. 13. The St. Peters
imrii nnrrpnnnndent of the Daily News
cables: An influential Russian informs
imnr onrrnflnondeiit that Count Witto
inBlsted yesterday that tho ministers of
war and ot tho navy and tno preatuont
of the national defense must suumit 10
tho premier like tho other cabinet min
isters. Tho czar refused theso de
mands, whereupon Count Witto tender
od his resignation, which waa not ao
Dunne Will Return to Charge.
niib-Aim. Nov. 13 Mayor Dunne
announced today that ho will present
another messago and ordinance to tho
city council, in which the purchase of
the present street car lines and the
ownorship by the oltv ol all tho present
system of lilies will bo sought.
Winter HonicM for Turkeye.
While tho Iden of the turkey is to
roost high, this privilege cannot always
bo accorded if a structure is to be pro
vided for the birds lu which to roost.
If they nre to roost in the trees,, then
they may choose their own limb'. It
Ir n conil nlnn tn mnkn the turkey
house low, but placing the roosts as
high as possiblo without humping the
birdu up against the roof, aue ven
tilation in such a house 'must lnrsely
be provided from Uh bottom, and thU
Is dono by having a row of windows
not over el ch teen inches high at the
bottom, so arranged that they may be
lifted up to permit a current or air to
Thm windows will also light the
floor of the house, and a larger window
may be placed on the opposite side,
but higher up, in order properly to
light the house. The turkeys will be
anxious to get out of the house early
in the morning to roam, so after they
have gone to roost sprinkle a uiue
grain in the chaff on the floor to keep
thmn hnsv In the morning until they
ore let out Turkeys on the range must
be well fed during.the period tney nre
nnripr pover. particularly at tms time
nr wiir wlion the feeding on the range
Is poor, and when It Is essential to
keep them In good shape and auie io
fatten readily a little later. Indianap
For Drlvlnji Hors.
This Is another iden which the one-
man farmer will And exceedingly use
ful If he has to drive hogs for any
purpose. It needs but one experience
with the beasts to convince any man oi
tho fllfflfiulrv In maklnK a hog go where
desired. The hurdle described will help
wonderfully in this work. Use slats
nf one bv three material and mah.e a
hurdle two and one-half feet high and
nbout four feet long. Make it or ngnt
wfclcht material, so that It may be
easily handled. In either end piece,
at top and bottom, hocks may be placed
so that the hurdle may be attached to
HURDLE FOR DUrVlIIO 11008.
posts if required at any time. Then
make handles to make It convenient
in manipulating It One should be on
the center, upright near the top and
one on either side of the upright in
about the middle. These handles are
made by fashioning a strip of wood
large enough to get hold of, and theu
nailing it on to, a block and through
the hurdle material. Mado light, in
tho manuer described, one can drive
a number of hogs with ease and also
ward off tho quarrelsome boar If a
member of the herd. In the Illustra
tion tho small cut at the left shows
tho completed handle and the one at
tho right the manner of fashioning the
bolt through tho block of wood, and
tho end of tho nail or screw going
through tho slat.
World's Milk Production.
It is estimated that the total weight
of cows milk produced In the world
Is 20,400,000 hundredweight, distrib
uted as follows: United States, 0,100,
000 hundredweight, Russia 3,500,000;
Germany 3,000,000, Franco 200,000,
England 200,000, Austria 1,700,000,
Italy 1,450,000, Canada 1,300,000, Hob
land 1,200,000, Sweden and. Norway
800,000, Switzerland 700,000, Denmark
000,000, Belgium 000,000, Australia
550,000, Spain 500,000 and Portugal
500,000. Tho production of milk in
Europo Is 18,450,000 hundredweight
from 45,000,000 cows. Tho number of
milch cows In tho world is 03,800,000
15,040,000 In tho United States and
10,000,000 in Russia. There aro only
six head of horned cattlo In Spain to
each acres of cultivated land, while
In Franco tliero aro thirty-four and in
England fifty-six, This shows tho
poor condition of cattlo breeding lu
Spain, and explains tho constant In
crease in tho price of butcher's meat
for public consumption.
WIHTEn TUKKKY IIQDBE.
' SB Bill j
By far the most serious task In rais
ing corn Is the matter of husking It In
tho field. Up to date no practical ma
chine adapted to this purpose has ap
peared. Many have been tried, but
they ustinlly fall short In some Import
ant particular. None of them has bo-
come popular, and a fortune awnlta
the man who perfects a thoroughly
practical corn busker, which will bo
ns successful relatively as the modern
busker is for corn fodder, says Orango
Judd Farmer. When corn Is to bo
husked direct from the standing corn,
it should be allowed to mature qulto
thoroughly, particularly If It Is of a
variety with largo ears and large cob,
containing a high percentage of mois
ture. This must be determined by ex
amination. Some seasons husking bo-
gins the latter part of September,
while In others it is not safe to begin
husking until the middle or end of Oc
tober. The time will also depend
largely upon the variety. Early ma
turing kinds have small cobs, and they
can be husked much earAer than late
maturing and large-ear varieties. Corn
when first placed In the crib contains
13 to 35 or 40 per cent of moisture. A
common practice In the great corn
States Is to start through the field
marking a "down" row. Husk two
rows to the left of the wagon and tho
one row that Is under It Go around a
good-sized "land" In this manner. Tho
next time through tbe field and every
succeeding time thereafter f have tno
team straddle the last husked row
next the corn that has not been
husked. This will prevent the neces
sity of picking up a down row each
time, and will enable the busker to do
his work. The ordinary wagon bos
will hold from twenty-five to thirty
bushels. When the corn Is exception
ally good, a skillful busker will be ablo
to more than fill one wagon box in
half a day. The capacity of a bos
may be increased by putting on addi
tional sideboards. On the right side of
the wagon box it Is desirable to placa
one or two extra boards to act as
bump boards. The busker will not
need to use so much care In throwing
in his work. A good busker so gauges
the distance from the row In the wag
on box that It Is not necessary for him
to look where he throws his ear.
Fertilizing the Garden.
There is no better way to fcrtlllzo
the garden than to haul fresh manuro
from the stables and spread over thd
surface during the winter. Contrary
to the common belief, there Is never a
time "when manure Is so rich In plant
food as the day it is made, and th
sooner after that it can be got to tho
place where It Is to be used, the more
value It will add to the soli. It Is al
most Impossible to put too much ma
nure on a garden. We would nofhesl
tate to put it a foot thick on the sur
face, for It "will leach only so much
more .plant-food into the soil, and by
plowing time next spring vrill be set
tled down until it can easily be plowed
under to furnish humus for the better
ment of the physical condition of the
soil. Wood ashes makes an excellent
fertilizer for the garden, but it should
be saved and applied on top of tho
soil after It Is plowed In the spring, as
potash is one of the plant-foods that
may be washed too deeply Into tho
soli to be reached by the roots of gar
den plants, many of which are shallow-rooted.
The old method of cramming cor-n
Into a steer regardless of whether or
not he digests It depending on hogs'
to pick up the undigested corn, Is a
poor as well as an old method. To put
on good flesh and to put It on fast a
steer should digest thoroughly all tho
food that he takes Into his stomach.
The food should be prepared carefully
hi order that perfect digestion should
take place. Less com and more en
silaged foods should be used in fin
ishing a steer for the market, for tho
old Idea that corn Is the only food that
will finish a steer properly Is demon
strated to bo a mistaken one by ex
periment stations conducted by respon
sible men selected by tho government
Kxhtblting Fruits at Fairs.
One of the handsomest nnd most at
tractive exhibits of fruit wo have ever
seen was that shown by Lucas County
at the Ohio Stato fair. The fruits,
which comprised practically tho wholo
list of those available at that season,
wero neatly arrauged on a largo tablo
about twenty feet square and In such
a manner that the combination of va
rieties and colors at once attracted at
tention aud prompted comment on tho
beauty of tho products. Too frequent
ly color on exhibition tables Is over
Xitind that Should lie Brained.
It Is estimated that thero aro about
ono hundred million acres now unpro
ductive which can bo reclaimed
through dikes and drains. This land
would havo a productive capacity equal
to four times that of the Stato of Illi
nois and would considerably exceed
tho productive area which can bo re
claimed by irrigation.
Cost of Filling Silos.
Tho cost of filling silos was esti
mated by tho Illinois Station from rec
ords obtained from nineteen farms In
nrlous parts of tho Stato and tho fig
ures Bhowed a rango of forty to
seventy-six cents per ton, tho average
being fifty -six cents. '