Ori?on Historical Society P0RTi.AH THE TWICE-A-WEEK Roseburg, Oregon Population, SMO The County Scat of I'otislas Coun t. Oregon SWdfers Home; I 8. Land Office and D. 9. Wi atber Bureau are lotatcd here. 8 F railr-a 1 division; splendid educational advantages. Gateway to the Coos Bay and Ctxiuille country. P lainknler. Roseburg Plaladealer The most widely read nawspaawr published in tv.uthern Oregon and consequently the aaar adver tising mediuro. Large, modern ly equipped Job prion ng department la connection. Established in lit. Subscription, 12 per year for semi-Weekly. Vol. XXXVI ROSEBURG, DOUGLAS COUNTY, OREGON MONDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1904 No. 102 w&bwca FRENZIED POLITICS Salem Journal Exposes Hitchcock's Scheme HAND OF REVENGE IS REVEALED Assistant District Attorney Heney is the Hireling of the Big Political Combine The? hand that directed the prosecu t.bn in the so-called Oregon land fraud cases has at last been numaeked. It is the hand of revenge. It is the old, old story of and eye for an eve, and a tooth for a tooth. Re venge, how sweet! even when long de ferred. It is said lobe the band of Malcolm A. Moody, ex-congressman from the second district of Oregon. Mnltftomah county is no longer the seat of Republican state politics The scene of iction has been transferred to Wasco rouutv, the big bunrhgrass horou''. where i-ongressmen, eovernors, and o'.i.i-r hngjk fficials come from. The ind tra t casep pal into ineiif nificai ie corop .red to 'he motive Fa tare politics are at stake, and they enter into every department of the game, na tional, state, district, even county. Whether McKinley, Tarply, Puter, et al , procured 12 claims in the well ex ploited 7-11 mat ere but little, when the real deal is told. It will take pages to tell it The history of the ca-e dates back in to the early days of the Eastern Oregon country. It had a small start at href, and was not like the proverbial stone that gathered no moss. Two hanks were rivals. t The competi tion for trade from the vast Inland Em pire centering at The Df lies drove the money lenders into politics. .acn in stitution was composed of men with as pirations. One firm was headed by the Moody and the other was backed by the Mays familv. It was a case of relatives oper ating in the affairs of the business and ' po itical world. Moody opposed Mays, and vice versa. They had turns at the wheels of patron- i age, and they both used every opporta- nity to feather their own nests Their hatred increased, and two years j ago Mays actomplis ed the t'efeat of ! Moody for renomination to congress, se- I caring the plum for one of his friends, ' IV. TT 1 aUill Civil Engineer Lately with tbe govern ment geographical and geological survey of Bra zil. Sooth America . . . CHRISTMAS PRESENTS GAMES The New and Popular "Bunco Card Game," Alburas,Toilet Sets, and a score of elegant and inex pensive gifts for ladies, gentlemen and children. MARSTERS' DRUG STORE j Bargains Fancy Baskets from 5 cts to $2 91 Swell line of Combination Cases Ranging in Price from $15 to $28 Take a look at our Buffets From $25.99 to $38.00. :: :: IB. W. STRONG :the furniture man J N. Williamson. This defeat was fol lowed by the indictment of Moody for frauds in connection with the postomce matters. It was openly charged at the time that politics were at the bottom of the whole deal, and that Mays was un der the whole mess, just to even up with his rival Moody. The latter was acquitted, and his reputation was saved. Now we are started with the an nouncement that Senator Mays has been indicted by the grand jury on a land fraud charge. The evidence is said to be strong,but it will take strong evi dence to secure a conviction. It mu-t be unbiased testimony of peo ple who are not interested in the land frauds, and not come from the tliroate of self-confessed culprits. Moody always had MM or less f vors at the hands of the aduiinistratiim .pt Washington. It is more than likely that be has fostered and nuiiured con siderable of the determination on the part of Hitchcock and his special snout!- to smoke out the "rascals." The hatred that Hitchcock bears toward Hermann and his friends has been a portion of the compound that the people of Oregon are now getting. It is doubtful whether sentence will ever be served in any of these cases There was probably fraud committed in many instances, but it is only a shbd- ow of tbe wrongs that have been inflict ed upon the people of Oregon and the homeseekers throughout the West un der the guise of law. The Northern 4 Pacific railroad com pany grabbed hundreds of thousands of acres of ti.e most -valuable timber land in Oregon, and it never paid one cent for it, yet it was acquired "lawfully." A steal bill was passed, allowing tbe railroad to relinquish i b an I as it did not desire, and to take lieu land scrip, which could be located on any va cant government land in any state h rough which the railroad passed." The Northern Pacific has a few miles f track from K a la ma to Cortland, and it sneaked into Oregon nndei that flim sy pretext. It laid scrip on unsurveyed lands in the heaviest timber belt in the world. Tbe Northern Pacific refuses to pay taxes on W'ie land thus acquired anil squatters lost everything they bad on their little mountain ranches. Tbe Northern Pacific relinquished thousands of acres, yes miles and miles of worthless sand hills and cactus plain in Montana, Idaho and Eastern Wash ington, and received scrip. Was that "protecting" tbe rights of the people of Oregon. Crucify the little fellow. Use the fed eral and state courts to ' even op" old scores. Do this and other things in the name of justice. But, with Mr. Heney assistance, may the great corporate interests Un protected, and the real fiaud on the rights of the people of the state go un punished. M hy not investigate the authors of the law allowing these privileges? Why not send oat spies fur the next ten years if it is necessary, and let the people know how they were lietrayed Ly legislation? Why spend thousands of dollars to ferret out rlleged fraud in a dozen claims andpase up and mildlv blink at the real steal' Will Mr. Heney dare go back to the congressional records and learn who fathered, fostered and concocted the in famous Northern Pacific steal bill? Ia the mean time the hand of Mal colm A. Moody ia in evidence in the present trials. . .U.S. Deputy . . Mineral Surveyor Office over Postoffice. ROSEBURG, OREGON. Correspondence solicited for all PROHIBITION LAW IS TO BE TESTED Petition for Writ of Re view Granted MAX WEISS INSTITUTES ACTION Precinct of Deer Creek, North Roseburg Involved-Case Is Up Today As was exclusively announced briefly in Thursday's Plaindealer, a petition for a writ of review was on that day filed in the circuit court of Douglas county by Max Wiess, in the proceedings govern ing the order issued by the ciunty court of Douglas county Nov. 21, 1901, declar ing prohibition in those precinct of the couoty where majority votes were cast in favor of prohibition. Mr. Weiss is a well known brewer and ice manufac turer who operates a large and expul sive plant in this city. His petition in the above mentioned cause involve in its wording, only Deer Creek precinct, which went "dry" at the last rtec sna and which embraces considerable of the business portion of the city of Roseburg. Judge J. W . Hamilton, of the circuit court Friday morning granted the peti tion for the write of review as prayed for by Mr. Weiss, and after tbe petition was granted it was agreed between Messrs W. W. Cardwell and J. O. Wateon, at torneys for Mr. Weiss and District At torney Geo. M. Brown, who will repre sent the county by virtue of his office, to argue tbe case before Judge Hamilton Monday, today, the case now being in progress. The pf:nt sought now by Mr Weiss is to have t'-.e county court's or der annulled in so far as the precinct of Deer Creek is concerned Mr. Weiss' petition is based on alleged irregularities in all the details of tbe el -ction. It sets forth the following al legations: That the petition for sob n is ton of the prohibition qoecrtion to ti e voters did not bear the signatures of tbe requisite ten per cent of the total i.um'ner of registered voters at th ; eceding election ; that the petition it self was not fully signed according to law ; that the signatures were not com pared witb those on the registration books ; that tbe notices of election were i legal in that they did not bear the seal of the County Court or the name of the County Clerk in bis own handwriting, and finally the strongest allegation of all the ballots specified a vote on pro hibition for "Entire County Douglas" whereas the "precinct" is made the unit in the Coanty Court's order. Deer Creek precinct contains six sa loons, the existence of which after Jan nary 1, hangs on Judge Hamilton's de cision. The saloons are conducted by J. T. Goodman, F. Poqaette, C. L. Reed, Cbaddock & Chappell, Johnson A Clark and T. C. Bloomer A Co Vawter Pleased With Situation. Hon. W. L Vawter, of Bedford, was in Portland tbe first of the week looking np his candidacy for speaker of the lower house of the legislature which convene next month. An "Oregonian" reporter interviewed Mr. Vawter and says of him ! Mr. Vawter is prominent in Southern Oregon as a lawyer, a banker and a leader in Jackson county politics. He is tall and well proportioned, has a frank and open countenance, is quick in bis movements and decisive in bis speech, and is altogether a handsome man jne who would make a good look ing figure in the speaker's chair. In days gone by he was a gold-standard Republican, bat not to the length of be ing an extreme factionist. In 1903 he was a candidate for Con gress, and received Jackson county's un wavering vote in the memorable con vention at Engeie until he withdrew. In that race be announced his candidacy early, and in the present contest for tbe speakership did the same. He was elected last June to represent Jackson and Douglas counties in the.lower bouse "Who's going to 1 3 elected speaker?" he responded to to a question on that point. "Why, 1 am," and Dr. J. M Keene, who bails from Medford, too, and was a delegate to tbe national con vention which nominated President Roosevelt last June, nooded approvingly "Southern Oregon will give me its solid i support ; indeed, tbe assurances which I ! have received make me reasonably sure of it." It was evident from this remark that Vawter expects to receive support from part of Southern Oregon east of the Cas cade mountains, for when asked whether he had more votes from his pari of the state than the six Republican represent atives from Douglas, Coos and Jackson 'O tin ties, he responded, "Yes," but did not mention them. The representatives who hall from east of Mr. Vawter'" county are R. E. L Hteiner, of Lakx view; J. L. StiU, of La wen, Harney county, and John 8. Shook, of Dairy Klamath coanty. "If I can gain the support of Multno maq county," he remarked, "I can be elected ; no doubt about it." t or tne Dest dental work at most rea sonable prices, go to Dr. Strange in the little brick opposite Slocum's hall. -- - V" THE THAW-NESBIT Harry K Thaw, of Pitutmrgn. brother nl a (rood deal of attention by his recent doiun. Evelyn Nesbit, to whom ha was supposed to proprietor ot wmcn ordered them to register as man and wife or quit, .fro..' to say whether or not they ar mirmd. The latest ram or ia to the "haw's relatives bars eat off his allowance of IT5.000 a year. They left and RESPITE IN THE LAND FRAUD INVESTIGATIONS to Further Mention is Made of Mitchell and Hermann-G. C. Brownell Is Not Worrying Portland, Dec. 25. The adurn- prospect of investigation by tbe ment of the federal pran.i jury until eTrand jury into his alleged connection Tuesday morning has occasioned an w'tn the land frauds and says that he interruption of the sensations which can readily clear himself of all sus have come with bewildering rapidity picion. since the sessions began. Inquisitors ; srssmfl Un l bat tonytag. and accused will will have a brief "I have nothing to say with regard respite. to the raHii," he said yesterday. Rumor is still busy, however, with "except tut I invite the fullest in the names of prominent men who are vestigatioa. Any instrument I may fain to have been connected, directly have attested as a notary was attest or indirectly, with the land frauds, ed n good faith and in no instance It is asserted that evidence presented have I ever exceeded the authority of within the past two days places I'r. my notarial office. While I dislike to W. H. I "avis, mayor of Albany, in a have my name associated with an af very unpleasant light, aad that the fair of a criminal nature. I have no grand jury is seriously investigating grievance against the gavernment's transactions in which he was con- going into remote details, for it is cerned. There is strong reasons to expect indictments against CL K. Loomis and S. B. Ormby, soon after the jury reconvenes. Nothing new has developed as to Senator Mitchell and Congressman I Hermann and their cases have not yet been considered, though test'niony has been given which incidentally ; touches upon their relations with Pu- j ter and some of his confederates. State Senator George C. Brownell professes to be undisturbed by the TO CONTEST PROHIBITION LAW The Fight In Junction City Will Be Made on Constitutional Grounds The saloon men of Junction City, whose business, according to tbe order of the county court, is required to cease witb the begininicof the new year, ex press confidence that they will make a But'cetful tight against the enforce ment of the law, which was made by the vot tp at the November election. The point on which they seem to rely ia one of constitutionality, not only on the local option law in general . but also upon its application to Jr -iction City specifically. Tbe point of the issue is said to rest largely on the constitutional r'-jhts of voting a proposition involving a tax upon a municipality and suffrage of siti- zens outside of that municipality and not affected by its tax levy being instru mental in passing such a law. As is well known, the towa of Junc tion City and the two Junction precincts are not identical. The voting precincts take in a considerable amount of coun try around the city. Thus a portion of each prerinct is in the municipality and a portion outside. That portion inside is subject to city taxes while the balance of tbe precinct is not. It is contended that an act of tbe vot ers of the entire precinct which will necessitate a lax upon a portion there of and exempt another portion is con trary to tbe constitution of the state. Whether this point may be decided one way or the other, it would seem a good suggestion that prrcinct bounda ries be so laid that precincts embracing incorporated towns should be complete within the l'tnita of the town. See Sykes A Cat roll and get their prices on plumbing anil tinning befor purchasing. 77 COMPLICATION. tbt I'.mntsa of Yarmouth, has attracted II lately arrived from Europe with Miss have beta married. They want to a New often necessaiy to puraue this policy in order to get at the truth. If I am connected with such details. I stand ready to explain and assist the au- thorities in ther investigation. "I have no fear of the action of the federal grand juiy. I have never had anything to do with land deals or land speculation. I have never even takea advantage of my homestead r'zht i under the kw, and have never made a dollar in the land business. ' I am not wonying at all," SURRENDER MUST BE UNCONDITIONAL The Czar Agrees to Accept Mediation With Certain Restrictions Nagasaki, Dec. 24. A report from Ialny states that the Russians at Port Anhur have proposed to surrender to (be Japanese under General Nogi on condition that the garrison and ships be allowed to return to Russia. The Japanese rejected the offer. London, Dec. 24 Baron Hayasbi, in ; reporting the capture of Houyarjg Shu- kiu heights, stive tbe Russians made a fierce counter attack but were repulsed Tbe Japanese occupation is now nearly assured of the heights one and a half miles south of 203 Meter Hill. The Jap anese bombardment caused a great con flagration to tbe north of Fort He; ta yang. UBBW, uec. 24. km Berlin corre spondent to the Central News is assured by one high in authority that the oar rejects the peaceful advios that are be' ing tendered him. The czar, it is said. has sent to Paris, through the French ambassador at St. Petersburg, an impor tant letter which is favorable in tone with certain reservations to the accep tance of mediation. A Royal Engagement Madrid, Dec. 24. It is anticipated that the announcement will shortly be made of the marriage of (King Alfonso and I rim-ess Victoria, daughter of the Duke of Connaught, King Edward's brother. The wedding, it is said, will occur in June. It is understood the princess will renounce the Protestant faith and join the Catholic church. (Alfonso Xlll was eighteen years of age last May, at which time the regency under which he ruled came to a close Editor.; SENATOR MAYS IS INDICTED Denied the Privilege of Making Statement CHARGES PREFERRED AGAINST MAYS Mays' Statement-He Roasts Heney, Hitchcock's Man Friday Portland, Dec 23 One of tbe most high-banded proceedings masqueraded under tbe name of justice was the re fusal of tbe federal grand jury to bear an explanation of tbe charges preferred against him and the subsequent finding c an indictment against ex -Senator Mays whose bail was fixed by Judge Bellinger at (4.000. The bond was signed this morning by A. L. Mills, president of the First National bank, and by Frank M. Warren. Senator Mays went in person before Judg Bellinger and asked time in which to move or plead, and the re quest was granted. The charge against Mays is that he conspired with Horace 8. McKinley, S. A. D. Pater, Marie L. Ware, Emma Watson, Dan W. Tarpley, Robert Simp son and "John Doe and Robert Roe," all named in the indictment as co-defendants, to defraud the United States oat of a portion of its publi: lands in township 24 sooth, range 7 east of the Willamette meridian, by means of false and forged applications affidavits and proofs. In brief tbe indictment charges that the homestead entries made in town ship 24-7 by methods similar to those used in township 11-7, which were ex ploited daring tbe Pater trial Most of the ei. tries were in the names of fic titious persons. One real person, Rob ert Simpson, who is indicted with Mays, made a pretended entry in the town ship. Certa'n of the claims were transferred by f rged instruments to Emma Watson, and she in turn conveyed three of them to Tbaddens 8 Potter, who, tbe indict ment charges, was acting as agent for Mays Potior subsequently conveyed two of the claims to William A. Peters of Seattle and the third claim to M. F. Henderson. Patents were issued by tbe govern ment upon tbe fraudulent claims and were delivered to John H. Shape who. according to tbe indictment, was the agent of the conspirators, though it is not charged that he had knowledge of the fraud that was being consummated. Statement of Mays State Senator F. P. Mays made this statement concerning his indictment: "1 am, of coarse, very much mortified and feel very keenly the disgrace of be ing indicted by tbe grand jury, bat I trust that my friends and the public will withhold judgment until I have an opportunity to show my innocence. I have suffered in silence daring the past several weeks, while my name was be ing made use of in the newspapers and oo the streets as being connected with these land frauds, but I confidently ex pected that when the matt ;r came be fore the grand jury I would be accorded the usual privilege of appearing before that body as a witness in my own be half, and I rested in the feeling of abso lute certainty that upon a frank, full and fair statement of the facts in the case no indictment could be found against me. I am indignant at the treatment ac corded me hy Mr. Heney, the prosecut ing officer of tbe government, and I feel that I have been deliberately and sbamfnlly jobbed. I want my friends to know the facts, and then I will await my trial with composure, but I am al most at a loss for words to express my feelings of bitterness and resentment at tbe way I have been treated. Hesey SccsTts Perjarefl Tetnasfly. "I charge and can prove that my case has been railroaded through on perjured testimony, given by perjured witnes whom Mr. Heney himself publicly de nounced in the most scathing terms in the court room less than two weeks ago It is currently reported, and 1 have no doubt it is true, that be entered into a bargain with these same men, whom he called liars and perjurers and thieves, and whom he characterised as utterly unworthy of belief, and, by holding out to them the prospect of immunity from imprisonment if they would give evi dence to secure an indictment against me, and against Senator Mitchell and Representative Hermann, he procured them to go before the grand jury and swear away my go. id name, and yet would net even let me have the privi lege of going before that body to ex plain the circumstances that were pro duced against me. "One thing more. I want my friends to understand the motive of Pater in charging me with complicity in their crimes. For this purpose, I will briefly state my relations to Putar, and bow I am connected with this unpleasant busi cess. "I was attorney tor rater in some matters in the courts, and acquired from him three pieces of timber land. For lands I gave fell v ilue, and I had no knowledge or reason to suspect that they I were procured by him fraudulently. took these lands in the name of another, for reasons that I will fully and satis factorily explain when I am given that privilege. lb Connection Witb Mitchell $ Letter. "They say I wrote a letter introducing Pater to Senator Mitchell. I think it ia no crime if I did, and I want to say that I had no means of knowing, nor did Sen ator Mitchell know, when he introduced this fellow to the land office at Wash ington, that he was engaged in any frauds. It is very strange, and very suggestive of the motives of Mr. Heney, that the indictment is harried to con summation before the arrival here of Senator Mitchell and Representative Hermann, both of whom Mr. Heney knows are now on their way to Portland and doe here within two tr. throe days Senator Mitchell and Mr. Hermann know and can testify positively that I have never procured nor endeavored to procure them to farther any fraudulent schemes. "This whole thing is a persecution, and evidentally there was no intention from tbe beginning to give me a fair show." An Accident at Marshfield. MASHnu, Dec 21. When George L Stem merman, with bis wife and son, who reside on Coos river about 20 miles from here, were out bnnting yesterday, about noon, on the hill back of their home and were sitting on a log waiting fc . the game to make its appearance, their little boy fell backward off the log, the hammer of his 22-caiiber rifle struck a rock and the weapon was discharged, the ballet striking the mother in tbe hack above the hip, coining out at the abdomen. She was immediately brought to town and taken to the Horsfall hos pital. Chances for her recovery are fair. After the Railroad Company. The Albany Democrat says : "The first-class freight rate between Portland and Albany is X cents, and between Portland and Eugene 48 cents, a decided advantage for this crtv, given it by river navigation." After the coming session of the legis lature this will probably be changed. Eugene and all of Southern Oregon have become tired of the illegitimate freight holdup practiced by the S. P. R. R. Co. on us. The present members of the legisla ture from Lane coanty were elected on a platforni that specifically stated that the freight rates must be reeroJated and any member of the Legislature from Lane coanty who does not do his daty. and see that this unjust robberv is regalated by law, might as well bury himself in the political erareranL The law can easily be passed if de sired by the Lane county contingent, as they will, practically speaking, control he legislature to the extent of having what they want. The unjust freight discrimination against So u them Oregon is about at an end. Eugvns Guard. FULLERJON & H O UP-TO-DATE AND OF FINE QUALITY The Following Will Prove of interest to You and Repay Inspection: Dressing Cases of Ebony, Silver Mounted, French Stag and Celluloid; Glove, Handkerchief and Necktie Boxes in Beautiful Designs. Fancy Perfume Atomizers, Hand Bags. Card Cases, Cigar Cases, Japanese Enameled and Laquer Ware in Photograph, Handkerchief, Glove Boxes and Trays, Pretty Work Boxes and Jewel Cases, German Plate Hand Mirror and a great variety of novelties f f Our Display of Box Paper wiB delight yon and the prices will com as d your favorable attention. FULLERTON & REGISTERED Depot Ne v DOUGLAS COUNTY BANK List 1 I HAVE EASTERN CUSTOMERS AND CAN SELL W. E COMAN VISITS ROSEBURG Is Optimistic Relative to Oregon's Future LEWIS AND CLARK FAIR WILL BEGIN NEW ERA Portland Will Be Amply Able to Take Care of Visitors to Tbe Exposition W. E. Co man, the genial and efficient general passenger and freight agent of the Oregon branch of the Southern Pa cific Railroad Company, spent a few hours in Roseburg Friday looking after the interests of his company. In a pleasant call at the Plaindealer office he discussed freely the commercial and in dustrial prospects for Oregon in 1905, taking a most practical and optimistic view of it. He says the remarkably low rate to be established by the various great railroad lines to tbe coast will be an inducement to thousands of Eastern and Middle-Western people to visit the much talked of Pacific Northwest, view its grandeur and investigate its oppor tunities and advantages to investors and homeseekers. The much advertised Lewis and Clark Exposition with its great Pacific coast and Oriental exhibit is, of course, the paramount considera tion in a combined business and pleas ure trip to the "land of the setting sun." The Southern Pacific, Mr. Coman says, will be equally as liberal in its special rates to Southern Oregon which will give this portion of the state its fall share of sight seers, investors and home seekers during the season's great influx of visitors, Mr. Coman says that by the time the crowds start westward Portland will be amply able to comfortably accommo date all and at a reasonable rate. He also stated that encouraged by the remunerative pries received for grain and all kinds of farm products for the seaton just closed and the beautiful fall weather following, the grain, bop mod general product output for 1906. with an average favorable season, promises to be meTsrgr tor many years. He that never in tbe history of W Oregon has crop prospects bet favorable at this season of the year, the grain fields and meadows of the foothills and valleys having taken on a luxuriant carpet of green, and all crops) having at tained a growth uncommon at this sea son. Oregon will therefore be at her best and will present an unusually in viting appearance to her multitude of visitors next year. This is indeed for tunate and assures, a growth, develop ment and advancement in. Oregon for the coming year, greater than has been anticipated by the most optimistic. It will be a year of unprecedented growt h, development and progress. RICHARDSON V DISPLAYING THEIR AY a o o D S RICHARDSON DRUGGISTS Roseburg, Ore Establish ! l ; Incorporated 1901 Capital Stock $5o,ooo F. W. BKNSON, PTeaMen- A. C. MARSTltRS. Ties President. MASS OF DIRECTORS T. W. BtUtaOH, B. A. BOOTH J. H. BOOTH, J.T BUDOBS, JOS. LtONS, A. C. MA.&3TK&d VsY MILLBR. A QBNBRAA. BANKING BUSINESS TRANSACTED Tour Ranches and Timber Lands with me. : : : : R. R. JOHNSON , OFFICE IN MASKS BLOCK. ROSEBURG, OR.