PORTLAND rict 0 Vol. XXXVI ROSEBURG, DOUGLAS COUNTY, OREGON, THURSDAY, JUNE 16, 1904. No. 48 I P lotttfre MAD PI A M C FOR fiNE CONFECTIONERY lVIi and ICE CREAM PARLORS Fruits, Candies, Cakes, Pies, Doughnuts and Fresh Bread Daily Portland Journal Agency. Hendrick's Block, Opp. Depot 1. J.NORHAN & Co. Prop. FARMERS' CASH STORE, If. A. WOOD & CO, Props DEALER IN Staple ane Fancy Groceries. Highest Price paid for country produce. Fresh bread daily Your Patronage is respectfully solicited. Private Free Delivery to All Parts of the City TROXEL BLOCK OPP PASSENGER DAPOT HELLO 55 JUST R ECEIVED 2 CAR LOADS 2 Mitchell Farm Wagons Koad Wagons Surreys, Buggies, Hacks Champion Binders, Mowers, Reapers, Hay Rakes, Etc. We can save 3'ou money cu an thing in the Wagon or Implement line. Give us a ehauce to figure with Russians Work Night and Oxy. you and you won't ngret it. J. F. Barker & Co., Gi ocers, Phone 201 Hints to Housewives. Half the battle in good cooking is tc have good FRESH GROCERIES And to get them promptly when 'ou order them. Call up Phone No. i8r for good goods and good service. C. W. PARKS & CO. t CUT THIS OUT I and present it at Lewis' Phot02raph Gallery and it will entitle you to ONE AND ONE-HALF DOZEN pho'os at the price of one dozen. This will apply on any size and style of picture we make. We guarantee satis faction on all our work or money refunded. This offer holds good until Aueust let. T"Bring this adv. with you in order to secure the benefit of this offer. H. 0. Lewis' Photo Gallery Corner Cass and Jackson Streets. A LARGE LOT OF SPRAY MATERIAL At Marsters' Drug Store 1 A CAR LOAD OF SULPHUR Of Superior Quality Niu Chwang, June 13 (6 a. ns.) A Chinaman who was smuggled by the Japanese into Port Arthur to act as a spy and escapped from there seven days ago, was arrested at Niu Chwang last night. He told a cor respondent of the Associated Press that the Russians were working a large force of men day and night re pairing the warships. They expect that the work will be completed in a fortnight. Four cruisers under Gol den Hill (at the entrance of Port Arthur, have their guns trained land ward, to assist in repulsing a land at tack. The channel is partly cleared, but Admiral Togo's blockade is ef fective. The spy estimates the total strength of the Russian forces, including the sailors, at less than 30,000 men. There are many sick and wounded. There is food sufficient for two months. All the Chinese foodstuff has been seized by the authorities. Two armored trains, on board of which are mounted guns, landed from the Russian battleship Retvizan re cently, ran to a point near the Japa nese lines and opened fire. The Japa nese replied, and their shells badly damaged the train, though it managed to return to the Russian linas. The stern of the sunken battleship Petropavlovsk is visible below low tide. The Russians at Port Arthur are gloomy, though hoping that General tvuropatkin will send an army south to assist the garrison of Port Arthur. Admiral Togo is stopping many na tive boats attempting to land food stuffs near Port Arthur. Forty-two junks from Chow Foo. The Chinese guilds are petitioning Lieutenant-General Stoessel, the com mander of the Russian military forces at Port Arthur, to permit their mem bers to leave. A flourmill belonging to Chi Feng Tai, the richest Chinaman in Port Arthur, is grinding wheat bought in Seattle in a French ship, which is still at Port Arthur. An enormous amount of damage was done to the new town by the Japanese shells. The Rus30-Chinese Bank is totally destroyed. The coal supply at Port Arthur is low. It is estimate! at only 2400 tons of Cardiff and 3000 tons of Japanese coal. RUSSIANS LOOSE S00 BY AMBUSH. Niu Chwang 13 It is reported here that the Russians have suffered a severe refeat as the result of being ambused at Publiention, in the rear of Port Arthur. According to the re port, the Japanese first attacked the Russians and then drew the latter on a feigned retreat. The Russians fell into the trap and are said to have ost S00 killed and wounded. The remaining body of Russians retired to Kaichow. 20 KILLED, 9 WOUNDED BY EXPLOSION Tokio, June 14. It is officially an- nouced here that the transport Tai Hoka Mara was damaged by the ex plosion of a mine in the entrance to Port Arthur yesterday. One officer and nineteen men were killed and two officers and seven men were wounded The damage to the ship is unimport ant. GEN. STOESSEL LOOSES A LEG. St. Petersburg, June 14. An un detailed report has reached here that a naval battle was fought outside of Port Arthur on June 10th. The re port adds that Gen. Stoessel, com manding the Russian transport at Port Arthur, was wounded in one of his legs and it was necessary to am putate the limb at the thigh. NAVAL BATTLE REPORTED. St. Petersburg, June 13. It is reported in naval circles this morning that a fierce naval battle has taken place off the entrance to Port Arthur harbor, in which the battleship Ret vizan and the cruiser Bayan were so badly damaged that they had to be beached to prevent their sinking. The Japanese are reported to have lost four ships during the encounter, but whether they were sunk or simply so badly damaged that they were compelled to abandon them is not stated. I I let Your Ranciies anA Timber 113 1 Lands with me. : : : : I HAVE EASTERN CUSTOMERS AND CAN SELL R. R. JOHNSON, OFFICE IN MARKS BLOCK, ROSEBURG, OR. Two infernal machines wore found concealed in tobacco boxes in the Tsarskae Selo Palace near St. Peters burg, Saturday, where the Czar and his family reside. One of the boxes was found in the dining-saloon, to which room the imperial ramily were shortly to enter for the evening meal and the other in the audience chamber. The machinery in bot boxes was working, and would have exploded them within half an hour, Had the machines not been found in time it is probable that the entire palaco would have been wrecked, and all its inmates killed. TO CONTROL OUTPUT i GIGANTIC MINERAL TRUST WITH $2,500,000,000 CAPITAL JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER IS AT THE HEAD AND SEN ATOR W. A. CLARKE WILL FICURE IN THE DEAL. Replacing Steam Locomotives. New York, June 14 Announcements will be made soon of a gigantic new combination of capital in the United States and Europe. Nothing less than the amalgamation of all the valuable mines of America. The man who will consummate the stupendous trans action is John D. Rockefeller. The corporation under which the big mining interests will be merged will have a par capital of $2,500,000,000. It will control absolutely the mineral output of the United States ex cept, perhaps, the Calumet & Hecla copper mine of Michigan. Within the last 10 days Rockefeller has taken up personally the task whiih had been left to his br ther Wi l'am, and t IT. H. Rogeis, who have been con spicuously ii'eutifi. d with the mineral interests of the Standard Oil Compaii'. For 10 ytars the Standard Oil millionaires have been acquiring the mines of America through their banking interests. In Colorado the First National Bank of Denver paid out many millions in the last six years for produc ing miues, and coutrols 70 per cent of the produciug gold, silver and lead mines of the Rocky Mountains. In California the Western mine-owning combination controlled by Haggin and affiliated interests has been ready for some time to enter into arrangements with Rockefeller for a general combination. Senator Clark, owner ot the United Verde copper mines, of Arizona, aud with large holding in many Amalgamated Copper Company's mines in Montana, has been working with Rogers for several years. All the gold mines in Southern California are read' to come in. F. A. Heinze, who has given the Standard Oil copper interests in Montana so muih trouble has been in this city for several weeks negotiating direct with Rockefeller for turning over of his interests in Mon tana to the new combination. Senator Kearns, of Utah, has only recently sold Rockefeller his valuable mines for over $1,000,000. In Idaho the Standard Oil Company has con trolled the produciug mines for some years. In New Mexico the lea4 mines passed into their control. Theie are few mining districts in America .where Rockefeller is not dominant. In working out the deal Rockefeller hopes to secure from the United States government a corpse of engi neers to give to the public a rep rt on the actual val ue of the properties to be consolidated. Senator Elk ins says he has no doubt that, by Jauuary 1, 1905, Rockefeller will make th final move in a loug cherished plan. Dennis Ryan, of St. Paul, is in the city, and has been the means of selling to Rockefeller within the past week, a group of gold and copper mining proper ties in Washington and Southern British Columbia. When asked about Rockefeller's proposed combina tion he said: "I don't know very much about it, except when he gets things working and in shape and springs it on the public it will take the people's breath away. When he discloses what he controls he will make the mining speculators of the world wonder whether they have been awake or asleep the last 10 years." FOREIGN LOWER CLASSES COMING BY THOUSANDS New York, June 14. So great is the number of immigrants expected to arrive this week that the El lis Island authorities believe it will be necessary to erect tents on the island. The great and unprecedent ed influx is due to the $io-rate from London which was inaugurated last week. While many of the immigrants are worthy and will make desirable citizens, there are thousands of others who are anything but desirable. Owing to the action taken by many foreign so cieties against emigration from their shores of desira ble citizens, there arc but few of the customary groups of Irish, Swedish and Finnish families in the throngs of immigrants that are now being landed. Russian Jews, many Poles, a few Assyriaus and Turks add variety to what would otherwise be an im mense concourse of lower class Italians. The Ellis Island entry book shows that in the first three months of this year there were 17,510 Italians passed through the gates as against 5,037 Germans. After a long delay and much ex perimenting the New York Central Railroad has taken the first leal step in this country towards replacing steam locomotives by electric. It ia now having built an electric locomo tive which is designed to haul passen ger trains at the speed of seventy five miles an hour. This new loco motive will develop 2,200 horsepower at normal rating and 2,800 horse power at maximum rating. For com parison, it may be said that the pres ent large Atlantic type of steam lo comotives which haul the Empire State Express and the Twentieth Ce& tury Limited have an indicated horse power of 1,500 when running at a speed of sixty miles an hour. The electric locomotive will be a double ender, running equally well in either direction. It will have four motors, each of 550 horsepower at normal rating. The total weight of one of these locomotives, of which between thirty and fifty have been ordered, will be 190,000 pounds, or 85 tons. Each of the driving wheels, of which there are eight, arranged in four pairs, will carry a weight of 17,000 pounds. This weight has been fre quently exceeded in steam locomo tives without counting the strain of the thrusts of the reciprocating parts. n the electric locomotive there is a perfect rotative balance, and it does not require any counterbalancing. he length of the new electric loco motive will be 37 feet over all, of which the rigid wheel base will occu py 13 feet. The total wheel base be ing 27 feet. The journal boxes and axles of the four pairs of motor wheels will have sufficient lateral play to enable the locomotive to pass easi ly around curves of 230 feet radius. The diameter of the driving wheels is 44 inches, and of the pony truck wheels 36 inches. Brigbam Young's Shrewdness. Cleans and Polishes at One Operation Renews Original Varnish Lustre of Furniture You will never know how good the old furniture caa be made to look until you use Tho Shervm-Wiliitimt Furniture Polish. It cleans and polishes at the same time, briagias; out the original varnish lustre of the article. No trouble to use anyone can apply it. No better poKh made for pteaos. Dooea't rust tfae trtegs. Try a cms. Get & from u. CHURCHILL & WOOLLEY ROSEBURG. - - - OREGON R W- PENN. CIVIL. ENGINEER Lately with the govornniiafraphicil an I it. Mioses! Wveyrof Brasfl Sooth America.) ' U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor Offlce over Postoffiee. ROSEBURG. ORHGOH. rs,,j- Whatever else may be said of Brig- ham Young, he was a great general, a magnetic leader of crude though undeniable power, and a shrewd law giver, writes Ray Stannard Baker in the Century. We may scout the idea that he was in truth a divine prophet, but we may scarcely deny him a large gift of the prophetic imagination. He was, perhaps, the grossest mate rialist of his time, but he got results. Though men of American blood had never before attempted irrigation farming on a large scale, though the possibilities of the arid country were then undreamed, though the obsta cles of great distance from supply centers, of dangers from the Indians and from famine, were seemingly in surmountable, Brigham Young saw with the eye of imagination an em pire in the midst of the Great Desert, and such confidence did he place in his visions that his faith bore up and inspired all his people. Natural pow er is not so common in the world that we can afford to refuse it recogni tion, even when its exercise is not ac companied by glaring abuses. The matchless bravado of the dreamer! Before his followers had enough to eat, before they knew whether tbey would ever see another spring Young was sending out ex plorers and scouts to bring reports concerning more distant valleys, al ready planning for the extension of the Mormon empire far beyond the valley where the first settlements were made, now Salt Lake City. Every move made by Young was characterized by a sort of diabolical shrewdness. He first reached out with covetous hands to secure control of all the water within a hundred miles or more of Great Salt Lake, knowing that this would give him ab solute command of all the arable land, make him supreme dictator of the routes of travel and of the sources of food-supply a power of no mean magnitude at a time when supply- points were a thousand mile3 distant and freight a dollar a pound or more. When a woman has reached the age of forty-two in Japan, and is un married, the authorities pick out a husband for her, and compel them to marry. This plan reduces the num ber of old maids, but forces many men to suicide. New Arrivals Every day brings something now in Spring Goods. VIOLE the latest thing in dress goods for suits Skirts and Waists. Also the "Cotton Crepe" we are the only ones in the city who have imported this goods direct from Japan. It comes in all colors and will sell for 20cta per yard. WOLLENBERG BROS., Phone 801. A. SALZMAN, Pratical Watchmaker, Jeweler, Optiriaa. Watches, ClocKs, Jewelry Diamonds and Silverware Watch lepairi a Specialty. F. W. BKNSON, President. A.C.XASSTX8S. Vice PreUdcaL. Douglas County Bank, Eotabllnhcd I883. Incorporate! loot Capital Stock, $50,000.00 BOARD OP DIRECTORS r. W. BENSON. R, A. BOOTH J. H. BOOTH, J. T. BRIDGES JOS. LIONS, A..C.JMBSTKK3 I.I.10U1S. A general banking business transacted, and customers giraa every accommodation consistent with safe and conserratiTO banldiiR. ' Bank open from nine to twelve and from one to three. Mount Nebo Dairy W. S. WRIGHT & SON, Prop solicits the patronage of the citizens of Roseburg. A specialty is made of pnre milk fresh from; the cows every morning and evening. Please leave orders at M.DeVaney's Restaurant or drop a postal card in the post-office. All orders promptly attended to. 38-im James Arrance Take good care of the willow bas kets. Because they mostly come from Russia, and if tho war keeps up, the manufacture of the baskets wil necessarily fall off and prices will go higher. The Osier willow, from which they are made, has been worked by the Russian peasant for centuries and was formerly the material of which they made all their houses. The method of cutting, peeling, twisting and manipulating the withes is hand ed down from father to son. Machinist Is now prepared to do all kinds of machinist work, snch as turning, milling, drilling, grinding, buff ing and polishing. Saws gummed, knives ground; shears ground, clippers ground on John Van Ben schaten clipper grinder.